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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e35224, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096015

RESUMO

Objetivo: investigar a atuação dos enfermeiros frente à amamentação cruzada e correlacionar com a atual questão da precarização do trabalho. Método: estudo qualitativo do tipo descritivo com base metodológica de análise do discurso, realizado com seis enfermeiras da Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) por meio de um grupo focal. Resultados: o tema amamentação cruzada é apresentado como um indicador de conflitos ético-profissionais no processo de trabalho, expressando-se nos seguintes aspectos: conhecimento das prescrições de contraindicação, sensação de dificuldade em intervir e transferência à nutriz por qualquer dano à saúde da criança. Considerações finais: no cotejo entre esses resultados e uma organização de trabalho com normas e rotinas institucionalizadas, discutem-se como efeitos da não utilização de técnicas de aconselhamento, a fragilização da autonomia da nutriz, de forma imperceptível, reproduzidas por enfermeiros na assistência.


Objective: to investigate nurses' role related to cross-breastfeeding and to correlate with the current issue of precarious work.Method: descriptive andqualitative study based on methodological discourse analysis, carried out with six nurses from Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) Program through a focus group. Results: cross-breastfeeding topic is presented as an indicator of ethical-professional conflicts in the work process, expressing itself in the following aspects: knowledge of prescriptions of contraindication, feeling of difficulty in intervening and transference to the nursing mother for any harm to the child's health. Final considerations: in the comparison between these results and a work organization with institutionalized norms and routines, we discuss the effects of not using counseling techniques, the fragility of nurses' autonomy, imperceptibly reproduced by nurses in care.


Objetivo: investigar el papel de las enfermeras relacionadas con la lactancia cruzada y su correlación con el tema actual del trabajo precario. Método: estudio descriptivo y cualitativo basado en el análisis metodológico del discurso, realizado con seis enfermeras del Programa Estratégia de Saúse da Familia (ESF) através de un grupo focal. Resultados: el tema de la lactancia cruzada se presenta como un indicador de conflictos ético-profesionales en el proceso de trabajo, expresándose en los siguientes aspectos: conocimiento de prescripciones de contraindicación, sensación de dificultad para intervenir y transferencia a la madre lactante por cualquier daño a la salud del niño Consideraciones finales: en la comparación entre estos resultados y una organización de trabajo con normas y rutinas institucionalizadas, discutimos los efectos de no utilizar técnicas de asesoramiento, la fragilidad de la autonomía de las enfermeras, reproducida imperceptiblemente por las enfermeras bajo cuidado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/ética , Condições de Trabalho , Aleitamento Materno , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Contraindicações , Relações Trabalhistas , Brasil , Competência Clínica , Grupos Focais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e48578, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1116102

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer a experiência dos pais como estratégia de avaliação da qualidade da assistência de enfermagem. Método: pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvida na Unidade Neonatal de um Hospital do sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de entrevistas, utilizando a técnica do incidente crítico (TIC), com 18 pais que estavam com seus filhos internados por 20 dias ou mais e que tinham previsão e plano de alta hospitalar. Após, os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: a análise revelou fragilidades no cuidado prestado pela equipe de enfermagem em relação à administração de medicamentos, ao uso de equipamentos, à monitorização e ao posicionamento dos bebês, aos cuidados com a pele e à higiene de mãos. Conclusão: a experiência dos pais revelou elementos que integram a avaliação da assistência em enfermagem, destacando-os como pilares para a segurança do paciente.


Objective: to learn the parents' experience as a strategy for assessing the quality of nursing care. Method: in this qualitative, descriptive study at the Neonatal Unit of a hospital in southern Brazil, data were collected by critical incident (CI) interviews of 18 parents whose children had been hospitalized for 20 days or more, and whose discharge was scheduled and planned for. The data subsequently underwent content analysis. Results: data analysis revealed weaknesses in the care provided by the nursing staff as regards administration of medication, use of equipment, monitoring and positioning of babies, skin care and hand hygiene. Conclusion: The parents' experience revealed elements that enter into evaluation of nursing care, revealing parents to be mainstays of patient safety.


Objetivo: conocer la experiencia de los padres como estrategia para evaluar la calidad de la atención de enfermería. Método: en este estudio cualitativo y descriptivo en la Unidad Neonatal de un hospital en el sur de Brasil, los datos fueron recolectados por entrevistas de incidentes críticos (IC) de 18 padres cuyos hijos habían estado hospitalizados durante 20 días o más, y cuyo alta fue programada y planificada para. Los datos posteriormente se sometieron a análisis de contenido. Resultados: el análisis de datos reveló debilidades en la atención brindada por el personal de enfermería en lo que respecta a la administración de medicamentos, uso de equipos, monitoreo y posicionamiento de bebés, cuidado de la piel e higiene de manos. Conclusión: la experiencia de los padres reveló elementos que entran en la evaluación de la atención de enfermería, revelando que los padres son pilares de la seguridad del paciente.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Pais , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/normas , Segurança do Paciente , Equipe de Enfermagem/normas , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Brasil , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Dano ao Paciente/prevenção & controle
3.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e2018068, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1094543

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the narrative of users about the assistance received by the professionals of the Mais Médicos (More Doctors) Program. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive, comprehensive research carried out from August to December 2015. 16 interviews were carried out in four Basic Health Units that hired doctors who spoke the Spanish language. Systematic observation was performed with 30 hours of registration, and the respondents answered a socio-demographic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview. The analysis followed the triangulation of data from participant observation, interviews and the theoretical framework, using thematic analysis in the light of dialectical hermeneutics. Three operational categories have been developed: Quality and welcoming in consultation, Doctor-patient communication and foreign Doctor Results: the interviewees stated that making an appointment for a medical appointment, unlike before, became possible and less time consuming with the arrival of new doctors. The interviewees were satisfied with the medical care received, highlighting the quality of care. Conclusion: the medical reception received at the consultation, and the prescribed medications, seem to have a greater weight for the perception of the quality of the consultation, and to be more important for users than the understanding of the foreign language and the doctor's language. The low structural and operational competence of Primary Care remains the limit for the Mais Médicos Program.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la narrativa de los usuarios sobre la asistencia recibida por los profesionales del Programa Mais Médicos. Método: investigación cualitativa, exploratoria, descriptiva, exhaustiva, realizada entre agosto y diciembre de 2015. Se realizaron 16 entrevistas en cuatro Unidades Básicas de Salud que contrataron médicos que hablaban español. La observación sistemática se realizó con 30 horas de registro, y los encuestados respondieron un cuestionario sociodemográfico y una entrevista semiestructurada. El análisis siguió la triangulación de datos de la observación participante, entrevistas y el marco teórico, utilizando análisis temáticos a la luz de la hermenéutica dialéctica. Se han desarrollado tres categorías operativas: calidad y bienvenida en la consulta, comunicación médico-paciente y médico extranjero. Resultados: los entrevistados declararon que hacer una cita para una cita médica, a diferencia de antes, se hizo posible y llevó menos tiempo con la llegada de nuevos médicos. Los entrevistados quedaron satisfechos con la atención médica recibida, destacando la calidad de la atención. Conclusión: la recepción médica recibida en la consulta, y los medicamentos recetados, parecen tener un mayor peso para la percepción de la calidad de la consulta, y son más importantes para los usuarios que la comprensión del idioma extranjero y el idioma del médico. La baja competencia estructural y operativa de Atención Primaria sigue siendo el límite para el Programa Mais Médicos.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a narrativa de usuários sobre a assistência recebida pelos profissionais do Programa Mais Médicos. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva, de natureza compreensiva, realizada no período de agosto a dezembro de 2015. Foram realizadas 16 entrevistas em quatro Unidades Básicas de Saúde que contrataram médicos que se expressavam no idioma espanhol. Foi realizada observação sistemática com 30 horas de registro, e os depoentes responderam a um questionário sócio demográfico e a uma entrevista semiestruturada. A análise obedeceu à triangulação dos dados da observação participante, das entrevistas e do referencial teórico, utilizando-se a análise temática à luz da hermenêutica dialética. Foram elaboradas três categorias operacionais: Qualidade e acolhimento na consulta, Comunicação médico-paciente e Médico estrangeiro. Resultados: os entrevistados afirmaram que marcar uma consulta médica, diferente de antes, tornou-se possível e menos demorado com a chegada dos novos médicos. Os entrevistados mostraram-se satisfeitos com o atendimento médico recebido, realçando a qualidade na assistência. Conclusão: o acolhimento médico recebido na consulta, e as medicações prescritas, parecem ter um peso maior para a percepção da qualidade da consulta, e serem mais importantes para os usuários do que a compreensão do idioma estrangeiro e da linguagem do médico. A baixa competência estrutural e operacional da Atenção Básica permanece como limite para o Programa Mais Médicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Saúde , Cuidados Médicos , Consórcios de Saúde , Médicos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Política Pública , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e42793, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1118060

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever a elaboração de protocolo para a identificação do paciente com transtorno mental agudo. Método: estudo exploratório e qualitativo, realizado de maio 2018 a janeiro 2019, por meio das etapas: revisão integrativa da literatura, questionário online respondido por 17 profissionais de saúde vinculados à Sociedade Brasileira para a Qualidade do Cuidado e Segurança do Paciente, e grupo focal com 04 especialistas em Saúde Mental. Para tratamento dos dados, utilizou-se a análise descritiva e comparativa. Resultados: na revisão não se encontraram artigos sobre identificação do paciente com transtorno mental agudo. Na consulta aos especialistas da segurança do paciente identificou-se que 82,3% não possuíam em suas instituições protocolo específico. No grupo focal evidenciou-se dificuldade na identificação deste paciente. Conclusão: acreditase que o protocolo com a inserção da pulseira fotográfica apresenta-se como uma ferramenta inovadora na redução de riscos associados à identificação deste paciente.


Objective: to describe the development of a protocol for identification of patients with acute mental disorders. Method: this qualitative exploratory study was carried out from May 2018 to January 2019 through an integrative literature review, an online questionnaire answered by 17 health personnel belonging to the Brazilian Society for Quality of Care and Patient Safety, and a focus group of four mental health experts. Results: no articles specifically on identification for patients with acute mental disorders were found in the review. The consultation of patient safety experts found that 82.3% had no specific protocol in their institutions. The focal group highlighted difficulties communicating with these patients. Conclusion: the protocol including the photographic bracelet is believed to constitute an innovative tool for reducing risks associated with identification of these patients.


Objetivo: describir el desarrollo de un protocolo para la identificación de pacientes con trastornos mentales agudos. Método: este estudio exploratorio cualitativo se realizó de mayo de 2018 a enero de 2019 a través de una revisión integradora de la literatura, un cuestionario en línea respondido por 17 miembros del personal de salud pertenecientes a la Sociedad Brasileña de Calidad de Atención y Seguridad del Paciente, y un grupo focal de cuatro personas de salud mental expertos. Resultados: en la revisión no se encontraron artículos específicos sobre identificación de pacientes con trastornos mentales agudos. La consulta de expertos en seguridad del paciente encontró que el 82,3% no tenía un protocolo específico en sus instituciones. El grupo focal destacó las dificultades para comunicarse con estos pacientes. Conclusión: se cree que el protocolo que incluye la pulsera fotográfica constituye una herramienta innovadora para reducir los riesgos asociados a la identificación de estos pacientes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Sistemas de Identificação de Pacientes , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Medidas de Segurança , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes , Segurança do Paciente , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Grupos Focais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inovação
6.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(9): 487-491, 2020 09.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914776

RESUMO

CoViD-19 pandemic heavily impacted most on-going research activities, causing delays and need of re-programming. EASY-NET (NET-2016-02364191) is a network project, started in April 2019, co-funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and the participating regions. Within the general project, centred on the evaluation of Audit and Feedback (A&F) strategies in improving quality and equity in different health care contexts, the Piedmont region is responsible of the work package 3 (WP3) on specific oncology pathways and procedures. After a thorough evaluation of the impact of the CoViD-19 emergency on the WP3 activities, at the beginning of March 2020, the decision was to continue, with some adaptations, the audits already started, and to delay those in the early planning phase. The provisional availability of part of the time-persons involved in EASY-NET on one side, and the urgency of acquiring data on the management of the large number of CoViD-19 patients admitted to the study coordinator hospital on the other side, determined the personnel responsible of the WP3, in accordance with the hospital management, to invest these resources in monitoring the CoViD-19 hospitalized patients with both A&F activity and research objectives. Besides periodic reports, a web site, with restricted access to the involved health care personnel, was developed to allow a direct and timely consultation of graphics describing the flow of the patients, their management, and outcomes. This experience was made possible thanks to a favourable combination of different factors: the presence within the hospital of a group of experienced epidemiologists in A&F, the availability of extra resources, the strong support and collaboration by the hospital management and the readiness for authorisation by the Ethics Committee. We underline the need to provide a certain degree of flexibility in the long-term projects funded by the Ministry of Health, the extraordinary adaptability of the A&F approach also to emergency situations and the possibility of combining audit activities and research objectives in the same project.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Auditoria Médica/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21855, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High quality nursing care (HQNC) has been reported to effectively prevent psychological disorders and improve the quality of life (QoL) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during the treatment. However, the exact effect of HQNC remains controversial. This systematic review will be aimed to assess the effectiveness of HQNC on psychological disorders and QoL in patients with HCC. METHODS: Eligible prospective controlled clinical trials were searched from Google Scholar, Medline, Excerpt Medica Database (Embase), PubMed, Web of Science (WOS), Cochrane Library, China Scientific Journal Database (CSJD), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese BioMedical Database (CBM) and Wanfang Database. Papers in English or Chinese published from January 2000 to July 2020 will be included without any restrictions. The clinical outcomes including psychological outcomes, QoL, and adverse events of HQNC in patients with HCC were systematically evaluated.Study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by two reviewers. Stata 14.0 and Review Manager 5.3 were used for data analysis. Methodological quality for each eligible study will be assessed by using Cochrane risk of bias tool. Subgroup and meta-regression analysis will be carried out depending on the availability of sufficient data. RESULTS: The results of this systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The results of this study may provide helpful evidence of HQNC on psychological effects and QoL in patients with HCC. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070096.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enfermagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/psicologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enfermagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/psicologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa
10.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(5): 879-891, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882170

RESUMO

The article describes the barriers rural surgeons face when attempting to measure, analyze, and benchmark the quality and value of the care they provide for their patients. Examples of suboptimal care are presented as well as special geographic and resource-related circumstances for many of these disparities of care. The article includes in-depth descriptions of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Optimal Resources for Surgical Quality and Safety Program and the ACS Rural Hospital Surgical Verification and Quality Improvement Program. The article concludes by discussing several documented clinical, economic, and social advantages of keeping surgical care local.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Rural/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estados Unidos
11.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(5): 901-908, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882172

RESUMO

Several national studies have demonstrated that rural hospitals successfully deliver high-quality care. Data at the national, regional, institutional, and individual practitioner levels all contribute to understanding of surgical outcomes in the rural setting. Quality metrics should be interpreted within the context of the rural community and outcomes analyzed with relevant risk adjustment for patient factors.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Rural/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos
12.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 537-539, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unplanned readmission within 30 days is currently being used in high-income countries (HICs) for measuring the quality of surgical care. Surgical site infection (SSI), abdominal complaints and pain are the most common causes for such readmission. The correlation between readmission rates and mortality, increased patient volumes and complexity of surgery remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors for unplanned readmission in the surgical population in a low- and middle-income country setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of unplanned 30-day readmissions from January 2014 to December 2017 in the Department of General Surgery, Worcester Hospital, South Africa (SA). Basic patient demographics, reasons for readmission, operative urgency and severity, wound class, length of stay and final outcomes were used to compare the inpatient cohort and identify predictors for unplanned readmission. RESULTS: A total of 9 649 patients were admitted to the general surgery department at Worcester Hospital - 2.87% (n=270) were unplanned readmissions within 30 days. The mean age of this cohort was 42 (standard deviation (SD) 22) years, with 61% male patients. SSI (60.37%; n=163), gastrointestinal complications (24.44%; n=66) and blood transfusion (7.03%; n=19) were the most common causes for readmission. Median initial length of stay (LOS) was 4 days; after readmission it was 5 days. Readmissions were responsible for 1 914 additional patient days. Operative Portsmouth-POSSUM (P-POSSUM) (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity) score (p<0.001), increase in operative wound classification (p=0.001) and emergency surgical procedures (p=0.001) were significant risk factors for readmission within 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: The Department of General Surgery, Worcester Hospital, had a readmission rate comparable with that in HICs. Readmission rate is an indicator of advanced surgical pathology requiring an operative intervention of greater magnitude, often presenting as an emergency. Our results can be used to improve postoperative surveillance and ultimately improve outcomes in high-risk surgical populations. This study provides a benchmark for other regional hospitals in SA and has implications for quality-improvement programmes.


Assuntos
Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Adulto , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul
13.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (141): 70-77, 2020 06.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988193

RESUMO

Patient education prior to discharge from hospital is a practice developed under the name of "discharge education" (DE) in the Anglo-Saxon countries. This new form of patient education targets acute and sometimes chronic patients and concerns all hospital specialties ; it aims to facilitate the transition "hospitalhome" and avoid early readmissions. In this article we want to outline a framework of indications and effects of DE, starting from an analysis of the international literature, and identify its quality criteria in order to forecast the conditions of its application to our context. A scoping review allowed us to examine 43 scientific studies specifically related to the description, analysis and evaluation of discharge education, as well as some recommendations. Almost half of the studies are published in Nursing Science journals. DE is an intense and short educational intervention (30 minutes to an hour) delivered mainly in acute situations. Paediatrics has the largest number of publications together with post-operative care. In most studies, DE is effective in improving clinical and psychosocial parameters, reducing early admissions, increasing skills and patient compliance. To achieve its goals, DE must be structured and include systematic follow up. Focused on the patient's needs and his learning ability, it uses a specific interactive pedagogy to which caregivers must be trained. The analysis of the international research leaves no doubt about the positive contributions of DE. It would be important for caregivers and policymakers to look at it as an opportunity to improve the quality of care and to humanize it.


Assuntos
Alta do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
14.
Tex Med ; 116(8): 12-13, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866274

RESUMO

Stephanie Stephens received a not-so-welcome gift entering her new job running Medicaid operations for the nation's second-largest state: A global pandemic. In that sense, the universe wasn't easy on Ms. Stephens, the new director of Medicaid and CHIP for the Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC).


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Liderança , Medicaid/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Saúde Global , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Texas , Estados Unidos
16.
PLoS Med ; 17(9): e1003254, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appropriate clinical management of malaria in children is critical for preventing progression to severe disease and for reducing the continued high burden of malaria mortality. This study aimed to assess the quality of care provided to children under 5 diagnosed with malaria across 9 sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data from the Service Provision Assessment (SPA) survey. SPAs are nationally representative facility surveys capturing quality of sick-child care, facility readiness, and provider and patient characteristics. The data set contained 24,756 direct clinical observations of outpatient sick-child visits across 9 countries, including Uganda (2007), Rwanda (2007), Namibia (2009), Kenya (2010), Malawi (2013), Senegal (2013-2017), Ethiopia (2014), Tanzania (2015), and Democratic Republic of the Congo (2018). We assessed the proportion of children with a malaria diagnosis who received a blood test diagnosis and an appropriate antimalarial. We used multilevel logistic regression to assess facility and provider and patient characteristics associated with these outcomes. Subgroup analyses with the 2013-2018 country surveys only were conducted for all outcomes. Children observed were on average 20.5 months old and were most commonly diagnosed with respiratory infection (47.7%), malaria (29.7%), and/or gastrointestinal infection (19.7%). Among the 7,340 children with a malaria diagnosis, 32.5% (95% CI: 30.3%-34.7%) received both a blood-test-based diagnosis and an appropriate antimalarial. The proportion of children with a blood test diagnosis and an appropriate antimalarial ranged from 3.4% to 57.1% across countries. In the more recent surveys (2013-2018), 40.7% (95% CI: 37.7%-43.6%) of children with a malaria diagnosis received both a blood test diagnosis and appropriate antimalarial. Roughly 20% of children diagnosed with malaria received no antimalarial at all, and nearly 10% received oral artemisinin monotherapy, which is not recommended because of concerns regarding parasite resistance. Receipt of a blood test diagnosis and appropriate antimalarial was positively correlated with being seen at a facility with diagnostic equipment in stock (adjusted OR 3.67; 95% CI: 2.72-4.95) and, in the 2013-2018 subsample, with being seen at a facility with Artemisinin Combination Therapies (ACTs) in stock (adjusted OR 1.60; 95% CI:1.04-2.46). However, even if all children diagnosed with malaria were seen by a trained provider at a facility with diagnostics and medicines in stock, only a predicted 37.2% (95% CI: 34.2%-40.1%) would have received a blood test and appropriate antimalarial (44.4% for the 2013-2018 subsample). Study limitations include the lack of confirmed malaria test results for most survey years, the inability to distinguish between a diagnosis of uncomplicated or severe malaria, the absence of other relevant indicators of quality of care including dosing and examinations, and that only 9 countries were studied. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that a majority of children diagnosed with malaria across the 9 surveyed sub-Saharan African countries did not receive recommended care. Clinical management is positively correlated with the stocking of essential commodities and is somewhat improved in more recent years, but important quality gaps remain in the countries studied. Continued reductions in malaria mortality will require a bigger push toward quality improvements in clinical care.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/tendências , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
17.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 24(5): 586-590, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945791

RESUMO

As the coronavirus spread from Asia to Western Europe and North America, healthcare institutions in the Middle East, Africa, South Asia, and Latin America prepared for the COVID-19 pandemic. Interprofessional task forces were established to coordinate institutions' responses, inventory supplies of personal protective equipment, educate staff and patients, develop procedures for triaging patients and prioritizing care, and provide support to nurses to mitigate their stress. Despite challenges, nurses continued to deliver quality care to patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
19.
N Engl J Med ; 383(11): 1006-1007, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905672
20.
Value Health ; 23(9): 1200-1209, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To improve quality in breast cancer care, large numbers of quality indicators are collected per hospital, but benchmarking remains complex. We aimed to assess the validity of indicators, develop a textbook outcome summary measure, and compare case-mix adjusted hospital performance. METHODS: From a nationwide population-based registry, all 79 690 nonmetastatic breast cancer patients surgically treated between 2011 and 2016 in 91 hospitals in The Netherlands were included. Twenty-one indicators were calculated and their construct validity tested by Spearman's rho. Between-hospital variation was expressed by interquartile range (IQR), and all valid indicators were included in the summary measure. Standardized scores (observed/expected based on case mix) were calculated as above (>100) or below (<100) expected. The textbook outcome was presented as a continuous and all-or-none score. RESULTS: The size of between-hospital variation varied between indicators. Sixteen (76%) of 21 quality indicators showed construct validity, and 13 were included in the summary measure after excluding redundant indicators that showed collinearity with others owing to strong construct validity. The median all-or-none textbook outcome score was 49% (IQR 42%-54%) before and 49% (IQR 48%-51%) after case-mix adjustment. From the total of 91 hospitals, 3 hospitals were positive (3%) and 9 (10%) were negative outliers. CONCLUSIONS: The textbook outcome summary measure showed discriminative ability when hospital performance was presented as an all-or-none score. Although indicator scores and outlier hospitals should always be interpreted cautiously, the summary measure presented here has the potential to improve Dutch breast cancer quality indicator efforts and could be implemented to further test its validity, feasibility, and usefulness.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Benchmarking , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Hospitais/normas , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Medição de Risco
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