Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 318.506
Filtrar
1.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 49-64, oct.-dic. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-558

RESUMO

El paradigma de apoyos y el de calidad de vida se han transformado en guías fundamentales para los avances en el ámbito de la discapacidad intelectual (DI). Con base en una muestra de 93 personas adultas con DI, se analiza, desde un enfoque cuantitativo no experimental, la relación entre la calidad de vida y las necesidades de apoyo, aplicando la escala INICO-FEAPS y la escala de Intensidad de Apoyos (SIS) para cada constructo. Los principales resultados evidencian que existe una relación fuerte e indirecta entre calidad de vida y necesidades de apoyos, y también la relevancia de analizar dichos resultados desde variables como grado de discapacidad, sexo o nivel socioeconómico. La discusión permite inferir la necesidad de discutir nuevas estrategias en torno a categorías como el grado de discapacidad, la autodeterminación e inclusión social, como elementos facilitadores de la calidad de vida y apoyos desde un enfoque integral que contribuya al desarrollo de estrategias de programas sociales para la población con DI. (AU)


The support paradigm and the quality of life paradigm have become fundamental guides for progress in the field of Intellectual Disability (ID). Based on a sample of 93 adults with ID, the relationship between Quality of Life and Support Needs is analyzed from a non-experimental quantitative approach, applying the INICO-FEAPS scale and the SIS Support Intensity scale for each construct. The main results show that there is a strong and indirect relationship between quality of life and support needs, and the relevance of analyzing these results from variables such as the degree of disability, sex or socioeconomic level. The discussion allows us to infer the need to discuss new strategies around categories such as the degree of disability, self-determination and social inclusion, as facilitating elements of quality of life and supporting a comprehensive approach that contributes to the development of social program strategies for the population with ID. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Deficiência Intelectual , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoas com Deficiência , Chile , Estudos de Amostragem
2.
Siglo cero (Madr.) ; 54(4): 49-64, oct.-dic. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229228

RESUMO

El paradigma de apoyos y el de calidad de vida se han transformado en guías fundamentales para los avances en el ámbito de la discapacidad intelectual (DI). Con base en una muestra de 93 personas adultas con DI, se analiza, desde un enfoque cuantitativo no experimental, la relación entre la calidad de vida y las necesidades de apoyo, aplicando la escala INICO-FEAPS y la escala de Intensidad de Apoyos (SIS) para cada constructo. Los principales resultados evidencian que existe una relación fuerte e indirecta entre calidad de vida y necesidades de apoyos, y también la relevancia de analizar dichos resultados desde variables como grado de discapacidad, sexo o nivel socioeconómico. La discusión permite inferir la necesidad de discutir nuevas estrategias en torno a categorías como el grado de discapacidad, la autodeterminación e inclusión social, como elementos facilitadores de la calidad de vida y apoyos desde un enfoque integral que contribuya al desarrollo de estrategias de programas sociales para la población con DI. (AU)


The support paradigm and the quality of life paradigm have become fundamental guides for progress in the field of Intellectual Disability (ID). Based on a sample of 93 adults with ID, the relationship between Quality of Life and Support Needs is analyzed from a non-experimental quantitative approach, applying the INICO-FEAPS scale and the SIS Support Intensity scale for each construct. The main results show that there is a strong and indirect relationship between quality of life and support needs, and the relevance of analyzing these results from variables such as the degree of disability, sex or socioeconomic level. The discussion allows us to infer the need to discuss new strategies around categories such as the degree of disability, self-determination and social inclusion, as facilitating elements of quality of life and supporting a comprehensive approach that contributes to the development of social program strategies for the population with ID. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Deficiência Intelectual , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoas com Deficiência , Chile , Estudos de Amostragem
3.
Nagoya J Med Sci ; 86(2): 201-215, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962418

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop and test the reliability and validity of a brief and comprehensive instrument to assess self-management, decision-making, and coping by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. A web-based questionnaire was administered to 300 COPD patients and a retest was administered to 100 COPD patients. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency, and an intraclass correlation coefficient was calculated to test the reliability of the retest. The convergent and discriminant validities were also examined. Valid responses were obtained from 279 participants in the first survey and 70 participants in the retest. From our analysis, a COPD self-care assessment scale (CSCS) was developed, consisting of seven subscales and 14 items. Cronbach's alpha for the total CSCS score, intraclass correlation coefficient, and scale success rate were 0.80, 0.79, and 100%, respectively. A multivariate analysis showed that CSCS was associated with current smoking (standardized partial regression coefficient [std ß] = -0.30; p < 0.001), long-term oxygen therapy (std ß = 0.23; p < 0.001), and social support (std ß = 0.24; p < 0.001), but not psychological symptoms or quality of life. The CSCS is also useful in assessing self-management, decision-making, and coping in Japanese COPD patients, and the scale has high reliability and validity.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Tomada de Decisões , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Autocuidado , Autogestão , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apoio Social , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1297132, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962684

RESUMO

Introduction: Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are benign brain tumors accounting for 5 - 11% of intracranial tumors in children. These tumors often recur and can cause severe morbidity. Postoperative radiotherapy efficiently controls and prevents progression and recurrence. Despite advancements in neurosurgery, endocrinological, visual, and neuropsychological complications are common and significantly lower the quality of life of patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective study, including all patients younger than sixteen diagnosed with CP between July 1989 and August 2022 and followed up in Hôpital Universitaire de Bruxelles. Results: Nineteen children with CP were included, with median age of 7 years at first symptoms and 7.5 at diagnosis. Common symptoms at diagnosis were increased intracranial pressure (63%), visual impairment (47%), growth failure (26%), polyuria/polydipsia (16%), and weight gain (10.5%). As clinical signs at diagnosis, growth failure was observed in 11/18 patients, starting with a median lag of 1 year and 4 months before diagnosis. On ophthalmological examination, 27% of patients had papillary edema and 79% had visual impairment. When visual disturbances were found, the average preoperative volume was higher (p=0.039). Only 6/19 patients had gross total surgical resection. After the first neurosurgery, 83% experienced tumor recurrence or progression at a median time of 22 months. Eleven patients (73%) underwent postsurgical radiotherapy. At diagnosis, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) was the most frequent endocrine deficit (8/17) and one year post surgery, AVP deficiency was the most frequent deficit (14/17). Obesity was present in 13% of patients at diagnosis, and in 40% six months after surgery. There was no significant change in body mass index over time (p=0.273) after the first six months post-surgery. Conclusion: CP is a challenging brain tumor that requires multimodal therapy and lifelong multidisciplinary follow-up including hormonal substitution therapy. Early recognition of symptoms is crucial for prompt surgical management. The management of long-term sequelae and morbidity are crucial parts of the clinical path of the patients. The results of this study highlight the fundamental importance of carrying out a complete assessment (ophthalmological, endocrinological, neurocognitive) at the time of diagnosis and during follow-up so that patients can benefit from the best possible care.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Seguimentos , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1385831, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962773

RESUMO

Introduction: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to neuropathic pain that negatively affects quality of life. Several qualitative research studies in individuals with SCI who experience neuropathic pain indicate the lack of adequate information about pain. We previously developed an educational resource, the SeePain, based on scientific literature and a series of qualitative interviews of people with SCI, their significant others/family members, and SCI healthcare providers. Methods: However, to quantitatively evaluate the utility of this educational resource in a larger sample, we examined the agreement and usefulness ratings of statements regarding clarity/comprehensibility, content, and format of the SeePain, derived from the thematic analysis of our previous qualitative interviews. Participants completed a survey that provided a digital version of the SeePain and then rated their agreement/usefulness with the statements using numerical rating scales. Results: There were overall high perceived agreement and usefulness ratings regarding the SeePain's clarity, content, and format. A factor analysis reduced the agreement and usefulness ratings into 4 components (content, clarity, format, and delivery medium). Group comparisons showed that individuals with higher education were more likely to endorse electronic and website formats, and the usefulness of a shorter version of the SeePain; females and younger individuals showed greater endorsement for clarity. Finally, higher pain intensity ratings were associated with greater agreement and usefulness of the content of the SeePain. Discussion: Overall, these results support the utility of the SeePain as a source of information regarding pain that may facilitate communication about pain and its management following SCI.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neuralgia , Qualidade de Vida , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Idoso
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1385166, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962779

RESUMO

Background: Healthy aging is crucial to the quality of life of older adults, of which mental health is an essential part. Physical exercise strongly affects their mental health and can alleviate psychological problems to a certain extent. Nevertheless, the correlation between physical exercise and the mental health of older adults individuals, as well as the underlying mechanism by which physical exercise impacts mental health, remains rather ambiguous. Methods: We utilized multiple linear regression models to investigate the relationship between physical activity and mental health in 3,240 persons aged 60 and up. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to assess the robustness of the regression results. In addition, sequential recursive models were employed to investigate the mediating role of social competence in the link between physical activity and mental health. Results and discussion: We discovered a strong favorable association between physical exercise and mental health, which was mediated by social competence. Furthermore, the effect of physical exercise on mental health differed across older persons from various socioeconomic backgrounds. Conclusion: Older adults should strengthen their understanding of the role of physical exercise. Sports organizations that serve older adults by providing resources and services to help them maintain physical fitness and by hosting sports activities and competitions according to their needs should be established.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Saúde Mental , Habilidades Sociais , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
JMIR Aging ; 7: e47565, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons living with dementia experience autonomy loss and require caregiver support on a daily basis. Dementia involves a gradual decline in communication skills, leading to fewer interactions and isolation for both people living with dementia and their caregivers, negatively impacting the quality of life for both members of the dyad. The resulting stress and burden on caregivers make them particularly susceptible to burnout. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the efficacy of Communication Proches Aidants (COMPAs), an app designed following the principles of person-centered and emotional communication, which is intended to improve well-being in persons living with dementia and caregivers and reduce caregiver burden. METHODS: In this implementation study, volunteer caregivers in 2 long-term care facilities (n=17) were trained in using COMPAs and strategies to improve communication with persons living with dementia. Qualitative and quantitative analyses, semistructured interviews, and questionnaires were completed before and after 8 weeks of intervention with COMPAs. RESULTS: Semistructured interviews revealed that all caregivers perceived a positive impact following COMPAs interventions, namely, improved quality of communication and quality of life among persons living with dementia and caregivers. Improved quality of life was also supported by a statistically significant reduction in the General Health Questionnaire-12 scores (caregivers who improved: 9/17, 53%; z=2.537; P=.01). COMPAs interventions were also associated with a statistically significant increased feeling of personal accomplishment (caregivers improved: 11/17, 65%; t15=2.430; P=.03; d=0.61 [medium effect size]). CONCLUSIONS: COMPAs intervention improved well-being in persons living with dementia and their caregivers by developing person-centered communication within the dyad, increasing empathy, and reducing burden in caregivers although most caregivers were unfamiliar with technology. The results hold promise for COMPAs interventions in long-term care settings. Larger group-controlled studies with different populations, in different contexts, and at different stages of dementia will provide a clearer picture of the benefits of COMPAs interventions.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Comunicação , Demência , Assistência de Longa Duração , Aplicativos Móveis , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Demência/psicologia , Demência/enfermagem , Cuidadores/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964907

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health-related quality of life for patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis and its main influencing factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, and 951 patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis from the pneumoconiosis survey in 27 provinces and autonomous regions in China from December 2017 to December 2021 were selected for the study. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test and the Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare the health utility values, and multiple linear regression was used for multifactor analysis. AMOS 24.0 was used to establish a structural equation modeling. Results: The mean age of 951 patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis was (59.3±12.4) years. The main types were silicosis combined with tuberculosis (62.2%, 591/951) and coal-worker's pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis (34.9%, 332/951), and other type pneumoconiosis-combined tuberculosis was 2.9% (28/951). The proportion of patients with stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and unstaged clinical diagnosis was 27.4% (261/951), 26.6% (253/951), 32.5% (309/951) and 13.5% (128/951), respectively. 63.3% (602/951) of study participants suffered from other chronic diseases, and the percentage of patients combined the number of chronic diseases with 1, 2, and more than 3 respectively were 24.1% (229/951), 16.3% (155/951) and 22.9% (218/951). The median and quartiles of health utility values and the mean±standard deviation of self-rating scores of patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis were 0.562 (0.482, 0.766) and (53.7±18.4), respectively, which were lower than patients of pneumoconiosis without tuberculosis (Z=-11.29, P<0.001; t=8.97, P<0.01). The health utility values and self-rating scores for patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis were significantly different between urban and rural areas (Z= -2.22, P=0.027; t=4.85, P<0.01). Pain/discomfort was the most frequently reported problem in the five-dimensional distribution of problems, followed by daily activities and anxiety/depression, and the difference in the percentage reported by anxiety/depression between urban and rural areas was significant (χ(2)=30.28, P<0.01). The results of multiple linear regression showed that the survey area, body mass index, education level, age, employment status, annual personal income, stage of pneumoconiosis, number of multi-morbidities, hemoptysis, acute exacerbation of symptoms in two-week, social support and minimum living standard were the main influences on the health utility values of the patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis (P<0.05). The results of structural equation model showed that economic security and health status directly affected the health-related quality of life among patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis and played a chain-mediating effect in the influence of socioeconomic status on the health-related quality of life among patients of pneumoconiosis combined with tuberculosis. Conclusion: Health-related quality of life was poorer in patients of pneumoconiosis with tuberculosis, with pain and discomfort and anxiety/depression problems being more pronounced, and economic status and health status played multiple mediating roles in the influence of general socio-demographic characteristics on quality of life in pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Pneumoconiose , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Silicose/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 45(5): 430-435, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964916

RESUMO

High-risk multiple myeloma (HRMM) refers to patients with multiple myeloma whose overall survival time is less than 2-3 years under current standardized diagnosis and treatment. By combining various static and dynamic prognostic factors, risk stratification is performed to identify HRMM patients early and treat patients with personalized strategies, with the aim of significantly improving adverse survival outcomes in HRMM patients. Although the clinical value of HRMM has reached a consensus domestically in recent years, there still exist confusions and ambiguities in the definition, high-risk factors, risk stratification, and treatment of HRMM, necessitating standardization. In order to enhance the diagnostic and treatment capabilities of Chinese physicians in HRMM, the Professional Committee of Hematologic Malignancies of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (CACA) and the Multiple Myeloma Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) have organized relevant experts to develop this consensus. This consensus aims to clarify the definition of HRMM, high-risk factors, and risk stratification system, and provide treatment recommendations for HRMM, thereby improving the quality of life and prognosis of Chinese HRMM patients.


Assuntos
Consenso , Mieloma Múltiplo , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Prognóstico , China , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Balkan Med J ; 41(4): 239-247, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966900

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory condition that significantly affects the quality of life of both patients and their families or caregivers. Recently, treatment for moderate-to-severe AD were limited to conventional immunosuppressive therapies. However, currently, with the approval of biologic treatments and oral small molecules in the past decade, the effective and safe management of patients with AD is possible. Despite these advancements, challenges and unmet needs in clinical practice remain. This includes patients who do not respond well to or cannot tolerate existing treatment options and inadequate therapies that can modify the disease course. This review aimed to provide an overview of the current treatment approach for AD, highlight the current challenges in treatment, and discuss the rationale for novel treatment options and emerging evidence on systemic treatment options for AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
11.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 70(5): 111-115, 2024 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966920

RESUMO

Intermittent balloon catheterization with a reusable and temporary balloon catheter that could be implanted and removed by the patient was developed in Japan in 1995. Although the intermittent balloon catheter has the potential to improve the patient's quality of life (QOL), appropriate information and guidelines are needed to prevent complications such as hematuria and urinary tract infection. This study aimed to assess the real-world practice, complications, and problems associated with the use of intermittent balloon catheters and provide useful information for future medical care. We conducted a questionnaire survey on patients with spinal cord lesions who currently use or have used intermittent balloon catheters in the past. Seventy-six patients with spinal cord lesions who visited Kanagawa Rehabilitation Hospital from August 2020 to March 2021 and gave consent for participating in this study were included. QOL scores before and after intermittent balloon catheter use showed significant improvement after use. Forty-six of the 76 (61.3%) patients had complications. Overall complications were significantly associated with male sex and possibly linked to non-traumatic spinal cord lesions.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Hematúria/etiologia
12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 42(6): 1224-1229, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic widespread pain, often associated with fatigue, sleep disturbance, cognitive and mood impairment. Pain is a complex and multidimensional experience that significantly impacts personal, social, and professional functioning. Psychological factors related to chronic pain include catastrophising and self-efficacy in managing the painful condition. Therefore, this study explores the influence of chronic pain and related psychological factors on functional outcomes in FM patients. METHODS: In this study, 91 Italian patients with FM were assessed using an online questionnaire. The questionnaire included instruments to assess pain, such as the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), psychological characteristics, such as the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and health-related quality of life with the 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12). Multiple regression models were run, using the Interference subscale of the BPI and the physical and mental components of the SF-12 as outcomes, and the NRS, PCS and PSEQ scales as predictors. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that in our model, both PCS and PSEQ were significant predictors of BPI-Interference (PCS: ß=0.29; p=0.001; PSEQ: ß=-0.36; p<0.001); NRS and PSEQ significantly predicted SF-12-Physical score (NRS: ß=-0.32; p=<0.001; PSEQ: ß=.50; p<0.001); PCS was found to be the only significant predictor of SF-12-Mental scores (ß=-0.53; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that psychological variables such as catastrophic thinking and self-efficacy play a significant role in determining daily functioning and physical and mental health status in FM patients, showing greater influence than pain intensity.


Assuntos
Catastrofização , Dor Crônica , Fibromialgia , Estado Funcional , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Fibromialgia/psicologia , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Catastrofização/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Itália , Idoso , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
13.
J Wound Care ; 33(7): 526-532, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A hard-to-heal wound is defined as a wound that failed to proceed through the normal phases of wound healing in an orderly and timely manner. The purpose of this article is to describe the impact of hard-to-heal wounds on the wellbeing, quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with QoL of patients in Oman with hard-to-heal wounds. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study of patients with hard-to-heal wounds attending three tertiary care hospitals using a self-reported questionnaire was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 275 patients took part in the study. Patients reported a low wellbeing score (67.06±19.72), moderate QoL score (52.18±25.07) and moderate satisfaction scores (68.91±23.88). Significant mean differences were reported with age, sex, educational level, monthly income and type of wound all at p<0.05. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study demonstrated that hard-to-heal wounds could influence the wellbeing, QoL and overall satisfaction with QoL of patients. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: Funding was received through an internal grant of the Sultan Qaboos University to conduct the research conducting the research (IG/CON/FACN/20/01). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


Assuntos
Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Cicatrização , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Omã , Adulto Jovem , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia , Adolescente
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15333, 2024 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961182

RESUMO

The protocol predefined aim of this study is to assess sustained effects of the OptiTrain trial on several health outcomes, 5 years after the baseline assessment. The OptiTrain study was a prospective, randomised controlled trial with 240 patients with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy that compared the effects of 16 weeks of two exercise programs, RT-HIIT and AT-HIIT, with usual care (UC). After a 5-year follow-up, eligible participants were evaluated for the primary outcome of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and secondary outcomes including quality of life, symptoms, muscle strength, cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass, physical activity, and sedentary behavior. Statistical analysis was conducted using linear mixed models adjusted for baseline values. Tumour profile and menopausal status were additionally adjusted for CRF. Mean differences (MD), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and standardized effect sizes (ES) were reported. At the 5-year follow-up, there were no statistically significant differences in total CRF between the intervention groups and the UC group. RT-HIIT reported significantly reduced pain sensitivity at the gluteus MD = 79.00 (95% CI 10.17, 147.83, ES = 0.55) compared to UC. Clinically meaningful differences for an increase in cognitive CRF and cardiorespiratory fitness were observed for the AT-HIIT versus UC group, and for lower limb strength for the RT-HIIT versus UC group, albeit without statistical significance. Engaging in targeted exercise during adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer provides short-term benefits in reducing fatigue and maintaining physical function. However, our 5-year follow-up indicates that these effects are limited in the long term. This underscores the need to support breast cancer survivors maintain their PA levels throughout their survivorship journey.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Fadiga , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Qualidade de Vida , Treinamento Resistido , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguimentos , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Força Muscular , Adulto , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Idoso
15.
BMC Prim Care ; 25(1): 235, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We initially reported on the cost-effectiveness of a 6-month randomized controlled implementation trial which evaluated Health TAPESTRY, a primary care program for older adults, at the McMaster Family Health Team (FHT) site and 5 other FHT sites in Ontario, Canada. While there were no statistically significant between-group differences in outcomes at month 6 post randomization, positive outcomes were observed at the McMaster FHT site, which recruited 40% (204/512) of the participants. The objective of this post-hoc study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of Health TAPESTRY based on data from the McMaster FHT site. METHODS: Costs included the cost to implement Health TAPESTRY at McMaster as well as healthcare resource consumed, which were costed using publicly available sources. Health-related-quality-of-life was evaluated with the EQ-5L-5L at baseline and at month 6 post randomization. Quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs) were calculated under an-area-under the curve approach. Unadjusted and adjusted regression analyses (two independent regression analyses on costs and QALYs, seemingly unrelated regression [SUR], net benefit regression) as well as difference-in-difference and propensity score matching (PSM) methods, were used to deal with the non-randomized nature of the trial. Sampling uncertainty inherent to the trial data was estimated using non-parametric bootstrapping. The return on investment (ROI) associated with Health TAPESTRY was calculated. All costs were reported in 2021 Canadian dollars. RESULTS: With an intervention cost of $293/patient, Health TAPESTRY was the preferred strategy in the unadjusted and adjusted analyses. The results of our bootstrap analyses indicated that Health TAPESTRY was cost-effective compared to usual care at commonly accepted WTP thresholds. For example, if decision makers were willing to pay $50,000 per QALY gained, the probability of Health TAPESTRY to be cost effective compared to usual care varied from 0.72 (unadjusted analysis) to 0.96 (SUR) when using a WTP of $50,000/QALY gained. The DID and ROI analyses indicated that Health Tapestry generated a positive ROI. CONCLUSION: Health TAPESTRY was the preferred strategy when implemented at the McMaster FHT. We caution care in interpreting the results because of the post-hoc nature of the analyses and limited sample size based on one site.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Ontário , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Custo-Efetividade
16.
Trials ; 25(1): 442, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a prevalent global musculoskeletal issue, significantly contributing to the loss of years of healthy life due to disability. Chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNNP) involves diverse symptoms impacting mobility and quality of life. While therapeutic exercises demonstrate efficacy, the role of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) remains uncertain. This study aims to assess the additional effects of PBMT within a multimodal therapeutic intervention for CNNP. METHODS: A randomized, two-arm, controlled, blind clinical trial follows CONSORT and SPIRIT guidelines. Participants diagnosed with CNNP will receive a stand-alone multimodal therapeutic intervention or the same program with additional PBMT. The primary outcomes will be assessed by the functional disability identified through applying the NDI (Neck Disability Index). Secondary outcomes will be pain intensity during rest and active neck movement, catastrophizing and kinesiophobia, functionality, and disability assessed at baseline, after 8 weeks, and at a 4-week follow-up. Both groups receive pain education before personalized interventions, including resistance exercises, neuromuscular activities, mobility, and body balance. The PBMT group undergoes low-level light therapy. Intention-to-treat analysis, using linear mixed models, employs data presented as mean, standard deviation, and differences with a 95% confidence interval. Non-normally distributed variables transform. Statistical significance is set at 5%. DISCUSSION: This study addresses a critical gap in understanding the combined effects of PBMT and therapeutic exercises for CNNP. The findings aim to guide clinicians, researchers, and CNNP sufferers through rigorous methodology and diverse outcome assessments, offering valuable insights into evidence-based practices for CNNP management. Data confidentiality is maintained throughout, ensuring participant privacy during statistical analysis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Effects of adding photobiomodulation to a specific therapeutic exercise program for the treatment of individuals with chronic nonspecific neck pain, registration number: NCT05400473, on 2022-05-27.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Cervicalgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Dor Crônica/terapia , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Terapia Combinada , Resultado do Tratamento , Medição da Dor , Avaliação da Deficiência , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Qualidade de Vida
17.
Trials ; 25(1): 444, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) involves cognitive decline beyond typical age-related changes, but without significant daily activity disruption. It can encompass various cognitive domains as the causes of MCI are diverse. MCI as well as frequent comorbid neuropsychiatric conditions like depression and anxiety affect individuals' quality of life. Early interventions are essential, and computerized cognitive training (cCT) is an established treatment method. This paper presents the protocol for the NeuroNation MED Effectiveness Study, evaluating the self-administered mobile cCT intervention ("NeuroNation MED") in individuals with MCI to assess training effects on cognitive domains, health competence, neuropsychiatric symptoms, psychological well-being, and the general application usability. METHODS: This study protocol presents a single-blinded multicenter randomized controlled trial that will be carried out in six study centers in Germany and Luxembourg. We included adults with MCI (existing F06.7 ICD-10-GM diagnosis and TICS ≥ 21 and ≤ 32). The intervention group will use a mobile, multi-domain cCT ("NeuroNation MED") for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, the wait list control group will receive standard medical care or no care. The eligibility of volunteers will be determined through a telephone screening. After completion of the baseline examination, patients will be randomly assigned to one of the experimental conditions in a 2:1 ratio. In total, 286 participants will be included in this study. The primary outcome is the change of cognitive performance measured by the index score of the screening module of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery. Secondary outcomes are changes in the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Health-49, Health Literacy Questionnaire, among others. All of the primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed at baseline and after the 12-week post-allocation period. Furthermore, the intervention group will undergo an assessment of the System Usability Scale, and the training data of the NeuroNation MED application will be analyzed. DISCUSSION: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a mobile self-administered cCT in enhancing cognitive abilities among individuals diagnosed with MCI. Should the findings confirm the effectiveness of the NeuroNation MED app, it may confer possible benefits for the care management of patients with MCI, owing to the accessibility, cost-effectiveness, and home-based setting it provides. Specifically, the cCT program could provide patients with personalized cognitive training, educational resources, and relaxation techniques, enabling participants to independently engage in cognitive training sessions at home without further supervision. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00025133. Registered on November 5, 2021.


Assuntos
Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva , Aplicativos Móveis , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Qualidade de Vida , Alemanha , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Treino Cognitivo
18.
Trials ; 25(1): 445, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight loss (BWL) after gastrectomy impact on the short- and long-term outcomes. Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) has potential to prevent BWL in patients after gastrectomy. However, there is no consistent evidence supporting the beneficial effects of ONS on BWL, muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ONS formulated primarily with carbohydrate and protein on BWL, muscle strength, and HRQoL. METHODS: This will be a multicenter, open-label, parallel, randomized controlled trial in patients with gastric cancer who will undergo gastrectomy. A total of 120 patients who will undergo gastrectomy will be randomly assigned to the ONS group or usual care (control) group in a 1:1 ratio. The stratification factors will be the clinical stage (I or ≥ II) and surgical procedures (total gastrectomy or other procedure). In the ONS group, the patients will receive 400 kcal (400 ml)/day of ONS from postoperative day 5 to 7, and the intervention will continue postoperatively for 8 weeks. The control group patients will be given a regular diet. The primary outcome will be the percentage of BWL (%BWL) from baseline to 8 weeks postoperatively. The secondary outcomes will be muscle strength (handgrip strength), HRQoL (EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-OG25, EQ-5D-5L), nutritional status (hemoglobin, lymphocyte count, albumin), and dietary intake. All analyses will be performed on an intention-to-treat basis. DISCUSSION: This study will provide evidence showing whether or not ONS with simple nutritional ingredients can improve patient adherence and HRQoL by reducing BWL after gastrectomy. If supported by the study results, nutritional support with simple nutrients will be recommended to patients after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: jRCTs051230012; Japan Registry of Clinical Trails. Registered on Apr. 13, 2023.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Gastrectomia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Redução de Peso , Administração Oral , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Estado Nutricional , Fatores de Tempo , Força da Mão , Força Muscular
19.
Cancer Med ; 13(13): e7466, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of distinct long-term disease-specific HRQL trajectories after curative treatment for esophageal cancer and factors associated with such trajectories are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This population-based and longitudinal cohort study included 425 esophageal cancer patients who underwent curative treatment, including esophagectomy, in Sweden in 2001-2005 and were followed up until 2020, that is, 15-year follow-up. The outcomes were 10 disease-specific HRQL symptoms, measured by the well-validated EORTC QLQ-OES18 questionnaire at 6 months (n = 402 patients), and 3 (n = 178), 5 (n = 141), 10 (n = 92), and 15 years (n = 52) after treatment. HRQL symptoms were examined for distinct trajectories by growth mixture models. Weighted logistic regression models provided odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for nine factors in relation to HRQL trajectories: age, sex, education, proxy baseline HRQL, comorbidity, tumor histology, chemo(radio)therapy, pathological tumor stage, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Distinct HRQL trajectories were identified for each of the 10 disease-specific symptoms. HRQL trajectories with more symptoms tended to persist or alleviate over time, while trajectories with fewer symptoms were more stable. Eating difficulty had three trajectories: persistently less, persistently moderate, and persistently more symptoms. The OR of having a persistently more eating difficulty trajectory was decreased for adenocarcinoma histology (OR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.21-0.95), and increased for pathological tumor stage III-IV (OR = 2.19, 95% CI 0.99-4.82) and 30-day postoperative complications (OR = 2.54, 95% CI 1.26-5.12). CONCLUSION: Distinct trajectories with long-term persistent or deteriorating disease-specific HRQL symptoms were identified after esophageal cancer treatment. Tumor histology, tumor stage, and postoperative complications may facilitate detection of high-risk patients for unwanted trajectories.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/psicologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Br J Community Nurs ; 29(7): 352-353, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963275

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of diseases that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, which is caused by damage to the airways or other parts of the lung that blocks airflow and eventually makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. As COPD is terminal, the primary goals of treatment are to control symptoms, improve quality of life and reduce exacerbations and mortality. Community nurses can play a vital role in maintaining patients' quality of life and daily functioning, but the ability to access further education in the domain of COPD treatment and allocate dedicated time to patient care is necessary to achieving good outcomes. Francesca Ramadan provides an overview of the mainstays of COPD care, as a foundation for further education.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/enfermagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...