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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(6): 423-427, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280534

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of scapular region flaps pedicled with circumflex scapular artery in the reconstruction of axillary burn scar contractures. Methods: From December 2008 to December 2018, 21 patients with axillary burn scar contractures were admitted to our department. There were 12 male patients and 9 female patients, aged 2-48 years, with an average of 17.4 years. According to the characteristics of axillary scar contractures, the patients were divided into type Ⅰ of 5 patients, type Ⅱ of 2 patients, type Ⅲ of 5 patients, and type Ⅳ of 9 patients. The preoperative abduction ranges of shoulder joint were 20-150°, with an average of 68.33°. The wound areas after resection and release of scar contractures ranged from 12 cm×4 cm to 33 cm×11 cm, with an average of 18.13 cm×5.41 cm, and the wounds were repaired with scapular region flaps pedicled with circumflex scapular artery in the areas of 14 cm×5 cm-35 cm×14 cm, with an average of 20.19 cm×7.71 cm. The donor sites of 5 patients were expanded prior to flap repair operation, and the other 16 patients were repaired by direct transfer of flaps. The donor sites were closed directly. The type, number, and transfer way of scapular region flaps were calculated, and the improvement of abduction angle of shoulder joint and condition of the flaps were observed during follow-up after operation. Results: There were 5 ascending scapular flaps, 13 scapular flaps, and 3 parascapular flaps. The flaps were transferred through open wounds in 18 cases, subcutaneous tunnel in 1 case, and trilateral foramia in the remaining 2 cases. All the flaps survived after operation. During follow-up of 3 months to 5 years, with an average of 19.4 months, the abduction angles of shoulder joints were 90-180°, with an average of 137.62°, which showed that the abduction function of shoulder joint improved obviously. The texture of flap was soft, and the color of the flap was close to the surrounding skin. The patients and/or their family members were satisfied with the operation results. Conclusions: The scapular region flap pedicled with circumflex scapular artery has a lot of advantages, including a long vascular pedicle, simple technique for flap harvest, a hidden donor site, and flexible and diverse transfer mode of flap. It is an effective option for clinical reconstruction of severe axillary burn scar contracture.


Assuntos
Axila/cirurgia , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Contratura/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Articulação do Ombro , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Artérias , Queimaduras/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cicatriz/etiologia , Contratura/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escápula , Transplante de Pele , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(6): 446-450, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280538

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effects of stage-Ⅱ Meek skin grafting on adipose tissue after tangential excision in patients with extensive deep burns, and to explore the functional mechanism. Methods: The medical records of 26 extensively burned patients who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from May 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the treatment methods, 14 patients were enrolled in stage-Ⅰ skin grafting group (10 males and 4 females, aged 27 to 75 years), and 12 patients were enrolled in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group (10 males and 2 females, aged 31 to 76 years). Patients in the 2 groups all underwent debridement of tangential excision, and their healthy adipose tissue was preserved. Meek skin grafting was performed just after tangential excision in patients in stage-Ⅰ skin grafting group. In patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group, porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM) was applied to cover the wound after tangential excision, and 3 days later, it was removed and Meek skin grafting was performed. The times of complement skin grafting and the wound basic healing time of patients in the 2 groups were observed and recorded. In the stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group, the adipose tissue of patients were taken from the wound center immediately after tangential excision and immediately after the removal of porcine ADM, for the observation of structure of the fault surface of adipose tissue through hematoxylin and eosin staining and microvessel density (MVD) through immunohistochemical staining. Data were processed with independent sample t test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) The times of complement skin grafting of patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group was (1.83±0.17) times, which was obviously less than (3.36±0.63) times in stage-Ⅰ skin grafting group (t=2.19, P<0.05). The wound basic healing time of patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group was (35.1±2.3) d, which was obviously shorter than (48.8±4.9) d in stage-Ⅰ skin grafting group (t=2.27, P<0.05). (2) Immediately after tangential excision, the intercellular substance was few between the adipose cells in adipose tissue of patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group. Immediately after the removal of porcine ADM, there was regenerated granulation tissue in the intercellular space of adipose cells of adipose tissue of patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group. Immediately after tangential excision, the MVD of adipose tissue of patients in stage-Ⅱ skin grafting group was 20.2±1.3 under per 400-time field, which was obviously less than 32.2±1.9 under per 400-time field immediately after the removal of porcine ADM (t=-5.38, P<0.01). Conclusions: Meek skin grafting on the adipose tissue in stage-Ⅱ surgery after tangential excision could reduce the times of complement skin grafting and shorten wound healing time of patients with extensive deep burns. The mechanism may be related to the improvement of the recipient condition of adipose tissue.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suínos , Cicatrização
3.
Rozhl Chir ; 98(5): 194-199, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159540

RESUMO

Burns can be life threatening injuries with a significant risk of lifelong consequences. Severity of thermal injury is assessed using the combination of six essential factors (mechanism of injury, presence of inhalation trauma, extent of the burn area, depth of the burn, its location, patients age and co-morbidities) which also represent the determinants of referral to one of the three specialized burn centers in the Czech Republic. Early management consists of ABC Trauma Life Support (adequate oxygenation and ventilation, a venous access, parenteral fluid administration), pain relief, and sterile covering of the burn areas.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Queimaduras/cirurgia , República Tcheca , Hidratação , Humanos , Nutrição Parenteral
4.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(4): 1131-1134, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166257

RESUMO

Massive facial damages extremely affect the facial appearance and function. In existing publications, the surgical flap transfer was still prior to other methods in repairing the facial injury. Among them, the prefabricated induced expanded skin flap seems more effective based on the facial specific features and damage range. In this study, a literature research was carried out in the database of PubMed. A total of 85 patients were included and all of them underwent the method of prefabricated expanded flap to reconstruct the massive facial defects. The prefabricated induced expanded skin flaps harvested from the neck and chest area have prominent advantage in resetting massive facial deformities. All the flaps survived demonstrated an excellent texture and color match with the facial defects areas. However, the unsolved problems are still existed in these flaps and further research is necessary to obtain a satisfactory outcome for both patients and surgeons.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Faciais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Humanos , Expansão de Tecido
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(5): 351-355, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154732

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the early diagnosis method of pulmonary embolism in patients with skin and soft tissue defects after trauma. Methods: From January 2011 to July 2014, 5 patients with skin and soft tissue defects and pulmonary embolism after trauma were admitted to Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns of the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, including 4 males and 1 female, aged 26-68 years. The medical records of the 5 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Hierarchical screening of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism was performed after admission for 4-45 days. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) was performed immediately in 2 patients who had hemodynamic disorder and were able to tolerate CTPA, and pulmonary embolism was confirmed. Clinical risk assessment was conducted for the other 3 patients who had no obvious hemodynamic disorder and only had clinical manifestations of pulmonary embolism such as chest tightness and dyspnea. Among the 3 patients, two of them were assessed as high risk possibility by clinical risk assessment and diagnosed with pulmonary embolism by CTPA immediately. The other one patient's clinical risk assessment was moderate risk possibility, but D-dimer was positive, and the patient was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism by CTPA immediately. Wound exudation of all patients was collected within 1 week after admission for microbial culture, and wound debridement and skin grafting were performed according to the wound condition. The color Doppler ultrasonography of blood vessel on lower extremity was performed to determine deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity after appearance of symptoms of pulmonary embolism. The patient was immediately given urokinase or recombinant tissue plasminogen activator by intravenous infusion for thrombolysis after definite diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was monitored after treatment, and standardized anticoagulation began when APTT was equal to or lower than 70 seconds. The treatment results of patients, D-dimer measurement value, bed time before definite diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, number of patients underwent wound debridement during hospitalization, definite diagnosis time of pulmonary embolism after wound debridement, and number of patients with deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity and wound infection were recorded. Results: Wounds with skin and soft tissue defects of all patients were completely healed, all skin grafts survived well, pulmonary embolism recovered well after timely treatment, and the trunk and branches of involved pulmonary artery recovered blood supply. The course of disease ranged from 1 month to 3 months. The measurement value of D-dimer was 2.4-31.7 mg/L, and the measurement values of D-dimer of 4 patients were equal to or higher than 5.0 mg/L. The bed time before definite diagnosis of pulmonary embolism was 4-46 days, with an average of 23.2 days. Four patients underwent wound debridement during hospitalization. The definite diagnosis time of pulmonary embolism after the wound debridement was 14-40 days, with an average of 20.5 days. Four patients were diagnosed with deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity. All patients had wound infection, and the bacteria causing wound infection included Pseudomonas aeruginosa of 2 cases, Staphylococcus aureus of 2 cases, and Enterococcus faecalis of 1 case. Conclusions: In the diagnosis process of pulmonary embolism in patients with skin and soft tissue defects after trauma, D-dimer positive, long-term bed rest, experiencing operation during hospitalization, and with deep vein thrombosis and wound infection can be regarded as the key points for diagnosis. When a patient has clinical symptoms of pulmonary embolism and the above conditions, the clinician should promptly perform hierarchical screening, select the corresponding examination to confirm pulmonary embolism, and immediately perform thrombolysis for the patient with pulmonary embolism according to the patient's tolerance, thereby improving patient survival rate.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/reabilitação , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Queimaduras/reabilitação , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Cicatrização
6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(5): 362-366, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154734

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the repair methods and effects of the complex wounds on hands after burns or trauma. Methods: From January 2008 to December 2017, 45 patients (28 males and 17 females, aging 8 to 58 years) with severe hand injuries after burns or trauma combined with deep tissue exposure were admitted to our hospital. Two patients had whole-fingers degloving injuries, 27 patients had dorsal hand injuries, and 16 patients had palmar injuries. After debridement, the area of soft tissue defects was 7 cm×6 cm to 19 cm×12 cm combined with 0.5 cm×0.4 cm to 10.0 cm×4.0 cm of single deep tissue exposure. Different repairing methods were adopted according to the area and location of deep tissue exposure. Five patients with small area exposure were treated with artificial dermis+ vacuum sealing drainage (VSD)+ autogenous skin grafting. Thirty-eight patients with unilateral large area exposure on palm or dorsum were treated with segmented ligation of abdominal thin flaps (with area of 8 cm×7 cm to 15 cm×9 cm). Two patients with bilateral large area exposure in dorsal and palmar hands were treated with modified abdominal bag-shaped delayed thin flaps (with area of 12 cm×5 cm to 12 cm×9 cm and 12 cm×6 cm to 14 cm×9 cm). The donor sites were directly sutured or repaired with intermediate split-thickness skin or adjacent flap. The survival of grafts and flaps was observed, number of operations, wound healing time, and follow-up were recorded. Results: (1) Among the patients receiving artificial dermis+ VSD+ autogenous skin grafting, the wounds of 3 patients were healed after 2 operations, and 2 patients had artificial dermis infection and lysis, and tendon necrosis, which were healed after 3 operations. The wound healing time of 5 patients was 14 to 33 days post injury. During the follow-up of 3 months, the affected hands were in good shape with soft texture and fewer scars, and functional evaluation of hand was good in 3 cases and modest in 2 cases. (2) The patients receiving segmented ligation of abdominal thin flaps all underwent 2 operations without flap necrosis. The wound healing time was 2 to 3 weeks post injury. Thirty-five patients underwent one to six-years' follow-up, which showed that the flaps were in good shape and color with soft texture, and the functional evaluation of hand was excellent in 25 cases, good in 7 cases, and modest in 3 cases. Three patients were lost to follow-up. (3) In the 2 patients receiving modified abdominal bag-shaped delayed thin flaps, all flaps survived after 5 operations, the wounds were healed on post injury day 22 and 24 respectively, the shape and texture of the affected hands was good with no bloated appearance after separating fingers and revision. During the follow-up of 2 years, the functional evaluation of hand was good in 2 cases. Conclusions: For the complex wounds on hands after burns or trauma, if the area of deep tissue exposure is small, artificial dermis+ VSD+ autogenous skin grafting should be adopted, which has good effects. If the area of unilateral deep tissue exposure is large, segmented ligation of abdominal thin flap should be adopted; if the area of bilateral deep tissue exposure is large, modified abdominal bag-shaped delayed thin flap should be adopted. These methods can reduce the number of operations, shorten wound healing time, and obtain good shape and function of hands.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(2): 291-294, apr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015994

RESUMO

Introdução: As queimaduras constituem uma das lesões traumáticas mais graves e seu tratamento requer uma abordagem multidisciplinar, em que o papel do cirurgião plástico é fundamental. Restabelecer a função de proteção da pele, mas também recuperar a estética da área, queimada são objetivos desafiadores que o cirurgião plástico procura atingir. Relato de Caso: Paciente feminino de 27 anos submetida a mastopexia com inclusão de implantes, em que se aproveitou a pele retirada da mama para realizar um enxerto de espessura total em região mandibular e submentoniana para tratamento de cicatriz. A paciente teve uma integração completa do enxerto, sem evidenciar-se áreas de epidermólise. Os resultados estéticos foram excelentes, conseguindo a satisfação da paciente e melhoria das áreas discrômicas e hipertróficas cicatriciais. Conclusão: O enxerto autólogo a partir da pele da mama constitui uma boa alternativa para o tratamento de sequelas de queimaduras em face, possibilitando ótimos resultados estéticos.


Introduction: Burns are one of the most severe traumatic injuries and their treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach, where the role of the plastic surgeon is vital. The plastic surgeon is entrusted with the challenging goal of restoring the skin's protective function and simultaneously recovering the aesthetic aspect of the burnt area. Case report: A 27-year-old woman underwent a mastopexy with inclusion of implants, where the skin removed from the breast was used as a full-thickness graft in the mandibular and submental area for the treatment of a scar. The patient showed complete integration of the graft, and no areas of epidermolysis were observed. The aesthetic results were excellent, and the patient was completely satisfied; moreover, an improvement in the dyschromic and hypertrophic cicatricial areas was observed. Conclusion: An autologous graft using breast skin is a good alternative for the treatment of sequelae of burns on the face and provides excellent aesthetic results.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Curativos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Cicatriz/complicações , Satisfação do Paciente , Traumatismos Faciais/cirurgia , Traumatismos Faciais/complicações , Cicatriz/cirurgia
8.
Plast Surg Nurs ; 39(2): 44-47, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136557

RESUMO

Traditional mechanical meshing methods have generally been the first-choice treatment of patients with extensive burns (>20% total body surface area). The limited availability of donor areas has sparked the development of resources such as the Meek micrografting technique. We present the case of a 43-year-old male patient with an 85% total body surface area third-degree flame burn. After the initial stabilization, there was a need for rapid and effective coverage of as much burned surface as possible. Thus, Meek micrografting was chosen. Its results in this patient are presented and discussed. The Meek technique is a useful method of skin expansion. It is indicated in patients with extensive burns, where donor areas are limited. The high rates of graft take and quality of the coverage attained make this technique appealing, albeit at a greater economic cost than with traditional mechanical meshing methods.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Adulto , Desbridamento/métodos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Masculino , Transplante de Pele/normas , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos
9.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(3): 888-890, 2019 May/Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048615

RESUMO

Extensive full-thickness burn injury of the scalp involving the skull is a challenge to reconstruct. Here, the authors report a case of a 6-year old girl who suffered extensive flame burn injury involving a scalp defect of 1,5% total body surface area. After necrosectomy, full table damage of the skull was observed with a partially exposed dura mater. Neurosurgical consultation was necessary to accomplish a vital wound bed. Subsequently, in the absence of enough adequate tissue available for flap surgery reconstruction, reconstruction was performed by using a bilayer Integra Dermal Regeneration Template (IDRT) resulting in a lasting and stable coverage of the defect. This is the first case-report describing application of IDRT on a full-thickness scalp and skull defect with exposed dura mater in a child. Our results are encouraging and demonstrate that Integra can be used in a child to successfully cover exposed dura when no viable skull remains.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Sulfatos de Condroitina/uso terapêutico , Colágeno/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Couro Cabeludo , Crânio , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Couro Cabeludo/lesões , Couro Cabeludo/cirurgia , Crânio/lesões , Crânio/cirurgia
10.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(3): e276-e278, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048626

RESUMO

It is very common for plastic surgeons to experience faciocervical defect, which could be quite challenging and should be processed with a good result. Expanded local flap and expanded axial-pattern flap from the forehead are both applied widely in the reconstruction of faciocervical region. It is crucial to choose appropriate techniques and treat the deformities effectively in the clinical practice. This study presented a treatment strategy for a child with multiple unit deformities in the face and neck by integrating and fully utilizing the expanded forehead axial-pattern flap combined with 2 expanded cervicofacial local flaps.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Traumatismos Faciais/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Expansão de Tecido , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(4): 243-247, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060170

RESUMO

Allogeneic skin grafting has a history of nearly 150 years and is one of the key measures to repair extensive deep burn wounds. Allogeneic skin survives temporarily to cover the wound, providing a valuable opportunity for the ultimate wound repair using autografts. As the main methods for the repair of extensive deep burn wounds in China, both the microskin grafting technique and inlay skin grafting technique are based on allogeneic skin grafting. Since allogeneic skin is hardly available in recent years, many burn centers are in extreme lack of allogeneic skin, which seriously hampers clinical burn care. Organ Procurement Organization and allogeneic skin banks may be legal means of solving the problems of source and quality of allogeneic skin, and the successful development of ideal engineered skin is the fundamental solution to burn care without allogeneic skin grafting in the future.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Cicatrização , China , Humanos , Pele , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(4): 248-252, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060171

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of free anterolateral thigh flap in repairing large annular soft tissue defect of lower leg after burn. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2018, 9 patients with large annular soft tissue defects of lower legs after burns were hospitalized in Zhengzhou First People's Hospital, including 1 case with wounds on both legs. After debridement, area of wounds was 16 cm×11 cm-38 cm×21 cm, and the burn wounds were repaired with free anterolateral thigh flaps in the area of 18 cm×12 cm-32 cm×24 cm. End-to-end anastomosis of posterior tibial vessels or anterior tibial vessels with lateral circumflex femoral vessels was performed in manual way or by microvascular stapler. For the affected legs without condition for anastomosis, the sound medial lower leg flaps with areas of 10 cm×8 cm-15 cm×10 cm were excised and made into skin tubes, the posterior tibial vessels of the flaps were anastomosed with the vessels of free anterolateral femoral flaps, and the wounds of the injured lower legs were repaired by bridge-type cross-over free transplantation of anterolateral thigh flaps. The pedicles were broken 4 to 5 weeks later. The donor site was transplanted with autologous intermediate split-thickness skin graft from thigh. The outcome of the treatment, the number of perforators included in the flaps, and the anastomotic vessel in the recipient area of patients were recorded. The anastomosis time between manual way and microvascular staplers was recorded and compared. The patency of blood vessels, methods of free transplantation, and follow-up condition were recorded. Data were processed with Wilcoxon rank sum test for two independent samples. Results: All the 10 free flaps and skin grafts of 9 patients survived, and all the wounds were closed by primary operation. Seven flaps contained two perforators each, and three flaps contained three perforators each. The anastomotic vessels were posterior tibial vessels in 6 recipient areas and anterior tibial vessels in 4 recipient areas. Microvascular stapler was used to anastomose 12 veins, while 8 veins and 10 arteries were anstomosed manually. The time consumed by the former method was 4.00 (3.55, 4.38) min, significantly shorter than 12.80 (12.13, 13.40) min of the latter (W=78.00, P<0.01). The patency rates of veins and arteries were 100%. There was no vascular crisis due to vascular anastomosis. Three patients underwent bridge-type cross-over free transplantation, while the others underwent conventional free transplantation. Follow-up for 3 to 30 months showed that the donor site of the thigh had good motor function, without numbness or pain, but hypertrophy of scar could be seen. Four patients had slightly overstaffed flaps transplanted in the recipient area of the lower legs, while the other patients were satisfied with their appearance, and the walking function of the affected limbs gradually recovered. Conclusions: Free anterolateral thigh flap transplantation is a safe and reliable clinical limb salvage method for the repair of large annular soft tissue defect of lower leg after burn. Intraoperative application of microvascular stapler for venous anastomosis can shorten the time of vascular anastomosis and has great clinical application value.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Coxa da Perna , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(4): 253-260, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060172

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a method for repairing extremities with extensively deep burn using large piece of fresh allogeneic scalp spliced by Meek glue combined with autologous microskin and observe its effect. Methods: Medical records of two male patients with extremely extensive deep burn admitted to our hospital from May to November in 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Two patients aged 44 and 25 years respectively, with total burn area of 90% and 97% total body surface area (TBSA) and full-thickness burn area of 85% and 70% TBSA, respectively. Preoperatively, the surgical area on the extremities was calculated to estimate the necessary amount of allogeneic scalp and Meek miniature skin. The large piece of fresh allogeneic scalp spliced by Meek glue combined with autologous microskin was prepared according to the methods described as follows. Thin medium-thickness fresh scalps with 3% TBSA and 0.30-0.35 mm in depth were harvested from each donor and spliced into a large piece with epidermis upward by spraying Meek glue. Then the spliced scalp was punched after covered with a single-layer gauze. Autologous microskin was transported onto the dermis of fresh large piece of allogeneic scalp by traditional floating method. Bilateral extremities with full-thickness burn of two patients were selected for self-control. The left upper extremity was denoted as treatment group while the right upper extremity was denoted as control group in Patient 1. The right lower extremity was denoted as treatment group while the left lower extremity was denoted as control group in Patient 2. Wounds in the treatment group were treated with fresh large piece of allogeneic scalp spliced by Meek glue and autologous microskin with expansion ratio of 1∶15 after escharectomy, while wounds in control group received grafting of Meek miniature skin with expansion ratio of 1∶6 and or 1∶9 after escharectomy. The donors of allogeneic scalp were 32 males who were the relatives or friends of the patients, aged 21-50 years, with scalp area of (548±48) cm(2). The healing conditions of donor sites of scalp were observed on post operation day 10, and were followed up within 3 months after operation to observe whether forming alopecia and hypertrophic scar or not. Wound healing condition was evaluated during follow-up in post operation week (POW) 2-5 and 4 months after operation. Wound coverage rates were calculated in both treatment and control groups in POW 2, 3, 4, and 5. Results: The donor sites of all allogeneic scalp of donors healed completely on post operation day 10. There was no alopecia or hypertrophic scar within 3 months after operation for follow-up. In POW 2, allogeneic scalp grafts basically survived in treatment group without obvious exudation, and most of the Meek miniature skin survived in control group with obvious exudation. Part of allogeneic scalp grafts dissolved and detached in treatment group in POW 3, and the surviving grafts scabbed. The eschar detached and new epithelium was observed in treatment group in POW 4 and 5. In POW 3-5, surviving Meek miniature skin in control group creeped and was incorporated, and the wounds shrank. Hypertrophic scar was observed in both treatment and control groups 4 months after operation, without obvious difference in scar as a whole. The wound coverage rates were respectively 84%-98% and 76%-92% in treatment group of two patients in POW 2-5, close to or higher than those of control group (35%-97% and 28%-81%, respectively). Conclusions: The study establishes a novel method for splicing fresh allogeneic scalps into a large piece as the covering of microskin, which has good effect for repairing extensively deep burn wounds. Considering that allogeneic skin is scarce, this method may be a new option in clinical treatment for extensively deep burn patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Couro Cabeludo , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Cicatrização , Adulto , Extremidades , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/patologia , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(4): 292-297, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060177

RESUMO

Objective: To study the quality of life and its influencing factors of patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face at discharge, and to guide clinical nurses to provide targeted nursing for patients. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 42 patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face who met the inclusion criteria. The patients were hospitalized from January 2014 to November 2017 in the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of our hospital and were selected by adopting the convenient sampling method. On the day before discharge, the Chinese version of the Abbreviated Burn Specific Health Scale was used to assess the scores in various fields of patients' quality of life and total scores. The self-designed general situation questionnaire was used to investigate the gender, age, education level, occupation, marital status, cause of injury, and source of expenses of patients, and the scores in various fields of quality of life of patients in various general conditions and total scores were recorded. Data were processed with t test or one-way analysis of variance. The indicators with statistically significance in the total score difference in the above analysis were chosen, and multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to screen the factors influencing the quality of life of patients. Results: Totally 42 groups of questionnaires were sent out and 42 groups of valid questionnaires were retrieved. The effective recovery rate was 100%. The total score of quality of life of patients at discharge was (49±10) points. The scores of general health status (57±23) points, social relations (56±18) points, physical function (49±17) points, and mental health (41±20) points were ranked from high to low. There were statistically significant differences in the scores of physical function, mental health, and general health status among patients of different age groups (F=8.115, 14.182, 19.285, P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health, social relations, and general health status among patients with different educational levels (F=3.312, 51.176, 21.852, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health and general health status among patients with different occupations (F=3.667, 2.947, P<0.05). The scores of mental health and social relations of married patients were significantly higher than those of unmarried patients (t=27.096, 4.885, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of physical function, mental health, social relations, general health status of patients with different causes of injury (F=3.000, 5.438, 4.005, 9.125, P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of mental health and general health status of patients with different sources of expenses (F=10.456, 3.368, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The total scores of quality of life of patients with different gender and causes of injury were similar (t=0.407, F=1.145, P>0.05); there were statistically significant differences in the total scores of quality of life of patients of different age groups, with different education levels, occupations, sources of expenses, and marital status (F=2.947, 17.064, 9.324, 4.101, t=7.225, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that age, education level, occupation, marital status, and source of expenses were the factors influencing the quality of life of patients at discharge (t=-2.437, 8.037, -2.994, 5.016, 3.519, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The quality of life of patients with deep partial-thickness and above burns on head and face is at a low level at discharge. The influencing factors include age, education level, occupation, marital status, and source of expenses. Nurses should screen the relevant items when the patient is hospitalized. Emphasis should be laid on young, with undergraduate and above education, unmarried, self-funded patients, and those engaged in occupations with high facial requirements, to minimize the negative mood of patients, encourage them to face life, choose the right career, and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Alta do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Queimaduras/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(4): 314-315, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060181

RESUMO

One female patient aged 18 years, with severe burns and inhalation injury was admitted to our unit on June 5th, 2013. After admission, the right subclavian vein catheterization was performed for rapid fluid infusion against shock. Escharectomy on both upper extremities was planned to carry out and repaired with medium-thickness skin on right thigh 52 hours after injury. However, after general anesthesia, the right subclavian vein catheter was with poor fluid infusion, and the left subclavian vein catheterization was performed. Supraventricular tachycardia and decreased blood pressure occurred followed by fluid replacement and dilatation, cardiotonics, and diuretics. Postanesthetic 1.3 hours, the patient's vital signs were stable, and the operation began. Postoperative chest X-ray film showed that distal ends of the left and right subclavian vein catheters were respectively located in the right atrium and the right internal carotid vein, and the catheters were removed immediately. This case suggests that clinical physician should be careful to prevent catheter heterotopia in subclavian vein catheterization, and postoperative routine chest X-ray examination is necessary to identify position of the catheter.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Cateterismo/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Choque/prevenção & controle , Veia Subclávia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça
16.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 49(1): 19-24, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970420

RESUMO

Chinese modern burn surgery belongs to the western medicine system. From 1930s, the knowledge of modern burn surgery spread over China. Its development had experienced four stages: enlightening stage, exploratory stage, mature stage, and remodeling stage. Before the 1950s, medical personnel began to study those knowledges. The clinical treatment developed slowly and had little experience. From the 1950s to 1960s, Chinese burn surgery professionals made the painstaking exploration and accumulated rich clinical experiences. The success of severe burns treatment attracted worldwide attention. From the 1970s to the mid-1990s, as the regulations of burn diagnosis and treatment established in China, the clinical treatment developed widely. The world's leading therapeutic effects have achieved. The professional education system has been founded, and the professional societies have created. Those made medical personnel can access the scientific research achievement. Therefore, the leading talents emerged. Chinese modern burn surgery entered a mature stage. Since the late-1990s, Chinese modern burn surgery entered a remodeling stage. Besides increasing the cure rate and decrease disability rate of burn gradually, Chinese modern burn surgery need solve new problems such as that standardization of diagnosis and treatment sets up, the scope of diagnosis and treatment expands, professional training improves, etc.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Queimaduras , Unidades de Queimados/história , Queimaduras/cirurgia , China , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
17.
Mil Med ; 184(Suppl 1): 16-20, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901429

RESUMO

METHODS: Ten patients having split-thickness skin grafting for burn injury were treated with the fish skin xenografts. RESULTS: There were no adverse reactions noted on the use of the fish skin grafts. No patient had any reaction to the fish skin and there was a zero incidence of infection. The handling of the fish skin was excellent, a robust and pliable xenograft that was easy to apply.The quality of donor site healing was judged to be good in all cases. Both the analgesic effect noted and the relatively short average times until 100% re-epithelialization are promising. We also illustrate two cases where the dressing was used to treat superficial burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Produtos Pesqueiros/normas , Sítios de Splice de RNA , Transplante de Pele/instrumentação , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Bandagens/normas , Feminino , Peixes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cicatrização
18.
Br J Surg ; 106(3): 165-173, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the reconstruction of burns using split-skin grafts (SSGs), fibrin glue can be used to improve graft take and reduce haematoma formation, although the efficacy and cost-effectiveness are unknown. This systematic review evaluated outcomes of fibrin glue compared with conventional SSG attachment techniques. Outcomes of interest included SSG take, haematoma formation, patient satisfaction and cost-effectiveness. METHODS: This PROSPERO-registered review was performed in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and PRISMA statement. Embase, PubMed, Cochrane and ClinicalTrial.gov databases were searched systematically. Observational and experimental studies comparing fibrin glue with other methods of SSG attachment in burn wounds were included. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias and Risk of Bias In Non-Randomized Studies - of Intervention tools. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE tool. RESULTS: Two RCTs and four observational studies were included. Graft take at day 5 was not significantly different between groups (3 studies, 183 individuals). Fibrin glue significantly reduced the risk of postoperative haematoma in two studies and reduced patient-reported pain in two studies, with suggested cost savings in four studies. All studies were at risk of methodological bias and the quality of the evidence was universally very low. CONCLUSION: As the evidence is sparse, the quality very low and the risk of bias significant both within and across studies, it is not possible to make any recommendations regarding the use of fibrin glue in burn wounds.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/uso terapêutico , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Custo-Benefício , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Hematoma/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Cicatrização/fisiologia
19.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(1): 55-59, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to a massive increase in capillary permeability during the state of shock caused by burns, albumin and intravascular fluid rapidly move to the extravascular areas. Therefore, hypoalbuminemia is seen as an early and prolonged finding in major burns. Hypoalbuminemia leads to various problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the preoperative albumin level on perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients with major burns. METHODS: Demographic data, preoperative albumin levels, surgical records, and clinical follow-up records of a total of 61 patients who underwent surgery for major burns in our hospital for the last 2 years were examined. Intraoperative complications were recorded, such as hypotension, bradycardia, low saturation, metabolic acidosis, reduced urine output, and hyperglycemia. Postoperative complications were recorded as intubation and the use of mechanical ventilator, sepsis, ARDS, acute renal failure, tracheotomy, hemorrhage, arrest, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, tissue infection, congestive heart failure, and pleural effusion. RESULTS: In patients with albumin levels measured as <2 gr/dL and >2 gr/dL, intraoperative complications were determined at the rates of 31.4% and 20.8%, respectively, postoperative complications at 60.0% and 51.5%, respectively, and mortality rates at 40% and 25.8%, respectively (p=0.148, p=0.251, p=0.85, respectively). The cut-off point for the preoperative albumin level affecting postoperative morbidity was determined as ≥2.3 gr/dL (Area Under Curve=0.587; p<0.001; 95% Confidence Interval, 0.476-0.699; Cut-Off Albumin, ≥2.3). CONCLUSION: There is as yet no consensus on the time and dosage of the delivery of albumin in patients with major burns. Although there are studies in the literature that have shown increased morbidity and mortality rates in individuals given albumin in the intensive care, there are also reports supporting the finding that it makes a positive contribution. No useful guidelines have been obtained on the subject of hypoalbuminemia in patients with major burns. The results of this study showed that the albumin level above or below 2 gr/dL did not create any change in perioperative morbidity and mortality; however, the preoperative level above 2.3 gr/dL was the cut-off value for morbidity.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Queimaduras , Albumina Sérica/análise , Anestesia/métodos , Anestesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Queimaduras/sangue , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia
20.
Plast Surg Nurs ; 39(1): 14-17, 2019 Jan/Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801493

RESUMO

The upper limb is involved in burns in a high percentage of cases and its reconstruction is extremely important, given the functional impact of this anatomical region. Among the reconstruction choices for severe and large structural defects, the pedicled anterolateral thigh flap is an available option. This case study discusses the utilization of the pedicled anterolateral thigh flap for reconstruction of a complex full-thickness hand burn, when adequate arterial perforators were not available. Complex hand burns can often present challenges for reconstructive coverage, because of the complex anatomy of the upper extremity and the need to preserve as much function as possible. The use the anterolateral thigh free flap is one option that can be utilized for coverage of these large hand defects, in the face of poor local tissue advancement options. The finding of inadequate or lack of perforator vessels necessitates intraoperative changes in the surgical approach. In these cases, different alternatives exist depending on the dimensions and characteristics of the required coverage, the dissection of a pedicled flap being one of them. The pedicled anterolateral thigh flap represents an alternative for the coverage of large hand defects in the absence of valid perforators during free-flap dissection.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Antebraço/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/transplante , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Adulto , Burkina Faso , Queimaduras/classificação , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
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