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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 533-539, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of (2R, 3R)-dihydroquercetin 7-O-ß-D-glucopyranose (C1) extracted from Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. in a mouse model of alcoholic acute pancreatitis (FAEE-AP) induced byfatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE). METHODS: The 30 healthy SPF mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, low dose group, middle dose group and high dose group, 6 in each group. Alcoholic pancreatitis was induced by ethanol and palmitoleic acid administration (1.75 g/kg ethanol, 200 mg/kg palmitoleic acid, 2 times peritoneal injections). The three treatment groups were given C1 (0 h, 4 h, 8 h) at the dose of 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg, respectively. After 24 h of molding, the serum amylase, lipase and IL-6 levels were detected. The trypsin level in pancreatic tissue and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in pancreatic and lung tissue were detected. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of pancreatic tissue and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) in pancreatic tissue. RESULTS: The pancreatic histopathological scores, serum amylase and lipase activity, trypsin level in pancreatic tissue, serum IL-6 level, MPO level of pancreas and lung were significantly higher in the model group than in the control group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the pancreatic histopathologies of the low dose group was significantly improved (P < 0.05), as well as the serum amylase and lipase activity, trypsin level of pancreas, serum IL-6 level, the pancreas andthe lung's MPO level decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and up-regulate that expression of Nrf2 in pancreatic tissue. CONCLUSION: 12.5 mg/kg of (2R, 3R) -dihydroquercetin 7-O-ß-D-glucopyranose (C1) improved the expression of Nrf2, reduced the expression of inflammatory factor IL-6, and protected acute pancreatitis caused by FAEE.


Assuntos
Coreopsis/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Pancreatite Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Quercetina/farmacologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Pâncreas , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Distribuição Aleatória
2.
Life Sci ; 236: 116939, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593705

RESUMO

Taxifolin (TAX) reportedly exerts protective and therapeutic effects in liver. Herein, the effects of TAX against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity were investigated. Pharmacodynamics, pharmacology and metabolomics analyses of TAX were assessed on C57 mice and L-02 cells. TAX was administered for 7 days, and APAP was given on the last day to establish an acute liver injury model. ALT and AST levels were determined, and liver ROS, MDA, GST, GSH and GPX1 were analysed. The expression and protein abundance of GPX1, GPS-Pi, GCLC and GCLM were assessed by PCR and western blotting, and metabolic changes in cells and serum were investigated by UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS. Serum ALT and AST, and liver ROS, MDA, GST, GSH and GPX1 levels confirmed the protective effects of TAX. Besides, we found Only treating with TAX decreased the expression of CYP2E1 in mice liver tissue. TAX reversed the APAP-induced decrease in cell viability in L-02 cells, and reduced cellular ROS levels. Furthermore, TAX reversed the APAP-induced decrease in antioxidant enzymes at both mRNA and protein levels. Metabolomics analysis identified metabolites mainly related to glutathione metabolism (36 in vivo and 23 in vitro). The concentration of glutathione, oxidized glutathione, carnitine, succinic acid, pyroglutamic acid, citrulline, taurine, palmitoleic acid, phytoshingosine-1-P and sphingosine-1-P were close to normal levels after treating with TAX. These results indicate that TAX prevents APAP-induced liver injury by inhibiting APAP metabolic activation mediated by CYP450 enzymes, modulating glutathione metabolism, and expression of related antioxidative signals. These properties could be harnessed to prevent or treat hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Glutationa/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
3.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 39, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ), a water-soluble quercetin, has been shown to intensify muscle hypertrophy in mice. We investigated the effect of EMIQ in supplementary protein powder on athlete body composition. METHODS: Forty Japanese males who played American football (age: 19.8 ± 1.4 years; body height: 174.1 ± 6.0 cm; body mass: 75.5 ± 10.7 kg) were assigned to a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of parallel group. Participants received either EMIQ in whey protein (EW, n = 19) or contrast whey protein (W, n = 20) 6 days per week over 4 months. Body composition was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Markers of oxidative stress, derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP), were assessed using a free radical analytical system. Data were analyzed using a univariate and repeated measures general model statistics. RESULTS: After 4 months, changes in lower limb fat-free mass and muscle mass were significantly greater in the EW group than in the W group (mean change ±95% CI; W: 324.1 ± 284.3, EW: 950.3 ± 473.2, p = 0.031, W: 255.7 ± 288.6, EW: 930.9 ± 471.5, p = 0.021, respectively). Moreover, the EW group exhibited a significantly higher BAP/d-ROMs ratio, antioxidation index, than the W group after 4 months (mean change ± SD; W: 8.8 ± 1.1, EW: 10.3 ± 2.8; p = 0.028). No significant differences in body mass, lean body mass, fat mass, or lower limb fat mass were observed between the groups. CONCLUSION: Ingestion of EMIQ in supplementary protein powder for 4 months exerts antioxidant effects and increases muscle mass among American football players. TRIAL REGISTRATION: University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry, UMIN000036036 . Retrospectively registered in 2019.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Suplementos Nutricionais , Músculo Esquelético/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Atletas , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Futebol Americano , Humanos , Masculino , Quercetina/administração & dosagem , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Adulto Jovem
4.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 2051-2059, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a serious complication of many clinical conditions, which may lead to liver or multiple organ failure. Hyperoside, a flavonoid compound, has been reported to protect against myocardial and cerebral injury induced by IR. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of hyperoside on hepatic IR injury in rats. METHODS: Using the 70% hepatic IR injury model, we divided 32 male Wistar rats into 4 groups (n = 8): sham-operated, IR+saline (saline/p.o.), IR+vehicle (carboxy methyl cellulose/p.o.), and IR+hyperoside (50 mg/kg/d/p.o.). At 24 hours after reperfusion, blood and liver tissue were collected. The effects of hyperoside on hepatic IR injury were assessed through tests of serum transaminase, hepatic histopathology, and measurement of markers of oxidative stress and apoptosis. RESULTS: Pretreatment with hyperoside protected the liver from IR injury by a reduction in serum aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase levels and a decrease in the severity of histologic changes. Hyperoside treatment also decreased the activity of malondialdehyde, increased the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, up-regulated the expression of heme oxygenase 1 and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1, and reduced the apoptotic index after IR injury. A decrease in the expression of caspase-3 and an increase in the ratio of B cell lymphoma 2 to B cell lymphoma 2-associated X also were observed. CONCLUSION: Hyperoside has a protective effect on hepatic IR injury in rats, which may be due to its antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109582, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442803

RESUMO

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), widely used as a plasticizer, is a ubiquitous artificial pollutant. DEHP can induce biological toxicity in various organs, with an especially high potential for toxicity to the cardiovascular system. Taxifolin (TAX) is used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases due to its antioxidative capacities. However, it is not clear whether TAX can alleviate apoptosis induced by DEHP exposure through the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway in cardiomyocytes. To understand the role of TAX in attenuating cardiomyocyte toxicity induced by DEHP, primary cardiomyocytes were divided into 4 groups (control group, DEHP group, TAX group and DEHP + TAX group). The results showed that in the cardiomyocytes, DEHP initiated apoptosis by increasing the expression of caspase-3, caspase-9, cyt c, and Bax at both the mRNA and protein levels and by decreasing the Bcl-2 levels compared with that of the control group. In addition, the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total antioxidative capacity (T-AOC) were clearly decreased (P < 0.05), while in the DEHP group, the malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels were observably increased (P < 0.05), compared with those in control group. Furthermore, compared with the control group, the DEHP group demonstrated a clear partial decrease in the expression of the mRNA levels of CYP1B1 and CYP2C18 (P < 0.05), and DEHP/TAX cotreatment partially prevented apoptosis and oxidative stress damage (P < 0.05). These results showed that exposure to DEHP induced apoptosis in chicken cardiomyocytes, while TAX could antagonize the toxicity of DEHP on cardiomyocytes by attenuating oxidative stress responses and modulating CYPs.


Assuntos
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Plastificantes/toxicidade , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Galinhas , Homeostase , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/farmacologia
6.
Life Sci ; 232: 116617, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260685

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of taxifolin on proliferation, migration and invasion of highly aggressive breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. MAIN METHODS: The antineoplastic activity of taxifolin was evaluated in MDA-MB-231 and 4 T1 cells by crystal violet assay and colony formation assay. The effects of taxifolin on migration and invasion were determined by wound healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively. mRNA and protein expression of genes were assayed respectively with qRT-PCR and western blot, and the protein expression and location was also detected by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. ß-catenin overexpression was performed with adenovirus infection. The effects of taxifolin on growth and metastasis of breast cancer in vivo were investigated in BALB/c mice bearing 4T1 xenografts. KEY FINDINGS: We found that taxifolin had the potential to inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion of highly aggressive breast cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, taxifolin promoted the MET process, the reversed process of EMT, as evaluated by EMT markers and EMT-transcriptional factors in breast cancer cell lines. Meanwhile, the protein and mRNA expressions of ß-catenin were dose-dependently downregulated by taxifolin, and overexpression of ß-catenin by adenoviruses abrogated these beneficial effects of taxifolin above-mentioned. Furthermore, within a 4T1 xenograft mouse model, taxifolin markedly inhibited the growth of primary tumors and reduced lung metastasis of breast cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings provide a theoretical foundation for the possibility of taxifolin used as a promising agent in the clinical treatment of highly aggressive breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Invasividade Neoplásica , Quercetina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/metabolismo
7.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(9): 985-991, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270295

RESUMO

Chemically stable ester derivatives of taxifolin have become a focus of interest for their role in the satisfactory effects on human health. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate the physical and chemical stability of different formulations containing 0.02% taxifolin tetra-octanoate, which was proved to possess higher inhibitory effect on tyrosinase activity compared with taxifolin in a cell-free system. In the studies of physical stability, a Brookfield viscometer was used to determine rheological behavior of formulations containing taxifolin tetra-octanoate, and a portable pH meter was used to determine pH change. Moreover, chemical stability was determined by HPLC with UV detection. Formulations were evaluated for 12 weeks stored at 25 and 40°C. Results showed that storage time had no significant influence on viscosity of the formulations containing taxifolin tetra-octanoate, and pH value was relatively stable, which was within the limits of normal skin pH range. In the chemical stability studies, taxifolin tetra-octanoate in the essence formulation was most unstable at 40°C with about 81% degradation in 12 weeks of storage, however, the percentage of remaining taxifolin tetra-octanoate in cream formulation stored for 12 weeks at 25°C was the highest, about 93%. The results in this study may contribute to the development of more stable formulations containing taxifolin tetra-octanoate.


Assuntos
Caprilatos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Caprilatos/síntese química , Caprilatos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Composição de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Quercetina/síntese química , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Viscosidade
8.
Food Chem ; 300: 125189, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325754

RESUMO

Since the intake of quercetin glucosides has healthy benefits, the analysis of quercetin glucosides in food is useful. The electrochemical determination of individual quercetin glucosides (quercetin-3-glucoside (Q3G), quercetin-4'-glucoside (Q4'G), and quercetin-3,4'-diglucoside (Q34'G)) in food is carried out. For the detection of quercetin glucosides, a long-length carbon nanotube electrode offers attractive properties such as well-defined current peaks, high sensitivity, and high reproducibility. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) demonstrates distinct and specific peak currents: the oxidation peaks at +0.37, +0.45, and +0.78 V are assigned to the catechol group in the B-ring of Q3G, the 3-hydroxy group in the C-ring of Q4'G, and the resorcinol group in the A-ring of both Q4'G and Q34'G, respectively. Currents, which are determined by CV, of individual quercetin glucosides at the peak potential are proportional to the concentrations of onion, apple peel, and tartary buckwheat, which show good agreement with those obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Glucosídeos/análise , Quercetina/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Fagopyrum/química , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Malus/química , Nanotubos de Carbono , Cebolas/química , Oxirredução , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 8919-8922, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270526

RESUMO

Cancer development is often associated with lipid metabolic reprogramming, including aberrant lipid accumulation. We create novel paradigms endowed with dual functions of anticancer activity and inhibition of lipid accumulation by conjugating the natural product quercetin and synthetic alkylphospholipid drugs, and harnessing the biomedical effects of both. These conjugates offer fresh perspectives in the search for anticancer candidates.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Éteres Fosfolipídicos/farmacologia , Fosforilcolina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/farmacologia , Fármacos Antiobesidade/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Éteres Fosfolipídicos/síntese química , Fosforilcolina/síntese química , Fosforilcolina/farmacologia , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Quercetina/síntese química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108734, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276661

RESUMO

This work aimed to evaluate the mechanisms involved in the apoptosis induction of isorhamnetin-3-O-glucosyl-pentoside (IGP) in metastatic human colon cancer cells (HT-29). To achieve this, we assessed phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, cell membrane disruption, chromatin condensation, cell cycle alterations, mitochondrial damage, ROS production, and caspase-dependence on cell death. Our results showed that IGP induced cell death on HT-29 cells through PS exposure (48%) and membrane permeabilization (30%) as well as nuclear condensation (54%) compared with control cells. Moreover, IGP treatment induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. Bax/Bcl-2 ratio increased and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (63%) was observed in IGP-treated cells. Finally, as apoptosis is a caspase-dependent cell death mechanism, we used a pancaspase-inhibitor (Q-VD-OPh) to demonstrate that the cell death induced by IGP was caspase-dependent. Overall these results indicated that IGP induced apoptosis through caspase-dependent mitochondrial damage in HT-29 colon cancer cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Opuntia/química , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Caspases/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Flavonóis , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Células HT29 , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Quercetina/isolamento & purificação , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico
11.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108759, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326407

RESUMO

Sustained exogenous stimuli induce oxidative stress in granulosa cells and cause cell apoptosis, thereby resulting in follicular atresia. Hyperoside is a natural flavonoid that possesses anti-oxidant activity. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of hyperoside on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in granulosa cells. Cell viability was measured using MTT assay. The malondialdehyde (MDA) level and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) were detected to reflect the oxidative stress. Flow cytometry was performed to measure the apoptotic rate. Western blot was carried out to determine the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, Sonic hedgehog (SHH), Gli1, and smoothened (SMO). The mRNA levels of SHH, Gli1, and SMO were analyzed using qRT-PCR. We found that hyperoside improved cell viability in H2O2-stimulated granulosa cells. The increased MDA level and decreased activities of SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT caused by H2O2 stimulation were reversed by hyperoside treatment. The apoptotic rate of H2O2-stimulated granulosa cells was reduced after treatment with hyperoside. Hyperoside treatment caused a decrease in Bax expression and an increase in Bcl-2 expression in H2O2-stimulated granulosa cells. The mRNA and protein levels of SHH, Gli1, and SMO in H2O2-stimulated granulosa cells were elevated by hyperoside treatment. Suppression of SHH pathway by cyclopamine attenuated the protective effects of hyperoside on H2O2-induced injury. In short, hyperoside protected granulosa cells from H2O2-induced cell apoptosis and oxidative stress via activation of the SHH signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Ovário/citologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 292-305, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284815

RESUMO

In the present study, Probit, Cauchy Fractional and three types of Log methods, i.e., Logit, Log-log, and Complementary log-log were employed to model the feeding deterrence of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), when fed latex protein, crude flavonoid fraction, 3-O-rutinosides of quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin, isolated from Calotropis procera (Ait.) (Gentianales: Asclepiadaceae). A nutritional study with treated flour discs at sub-lethal concentrations indicated that the tested natural products negatively affected the feeding behavior of the lesser grain borer, causing high feeding deterrent indices. Our results assure that Probit, Logit and Clog-log model the feeding deterrent indices with high goodness of fit. The models aim to support the management of the test insect when fed grains treated with sub-lethal doses of the tested phytochemicals in order to develop a viable, precise and long-term strategy to minimize the excessive reliance on the chemical pesticides currently in use.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Calotropis/química , Besouros/efeitos dos fármacos , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/farmacologia , Animais , Besouros/fisiologia , Grão Comestível/parasitologia , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/fisiologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Triticum/parasitologia
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9649-9652, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339160

RESUMO

Intracellular delivery of bioactive polyphenols is currently evaluated as a protective strategy for cells under pharmaceutical stress. To this end, the 20mer R5 peptide from the marine diatom C. fusiformis was N-terminally modified with a quercetin derivative. This polyphenol-peptide conjugate was used to generate homogeneous silica particles under biomimetic conditions that are efficiently taken up by eukaryotic cells without being cytotoxic. However, not only was accumulation in the cytoplasm of living cells observed via electron and fluorescence microscopy but also translocation into the nucleus. The latter was only seen when the quercetin-peptide conjugate was present within the silica particles and provides a novel targeting option for silica particles to nuclei.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacocinética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/farmacocinética , Dióxido de Silício/farmacocinética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Biomimética , Diatomáceas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células HT29 , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/síntese química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Quercetina/síntese química , Quercetina/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade
14.
Phytochemistry ; 166: 112066, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325613

RESUMO

Taxifolin (3,5,7,3,4-pentahydroxy flavanone or dihydroquercetin) is a flavonoid commonly found in onion, milk thistle, French maritime pine bark and Douglas fir bark. It is also used in various commercial preparations like Legalon™, Pycnogenol®, and Venoruton®. This review focuses on taxifolin's biological activities and related molecular mechanisms. Published literatures were gathered from the scientific databases like PubMed, SciFinder, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, Google Scholar, and Web of Science up to January 2019. Taxifolin showed promising pharmacological activities in the management of inflammation, tumors, microbial infections, oxidative stress, cardiovascular, and liver disorders. The anti-cancer activity was more prominent than other activities evaluated using different in vitro and in vivo models. Further research on the pharmacokinetics, in-depth molecular mechanisms, and safety profile using well-designed randomized clinical studies are suggested to develop a drug for human use.


Assuntos
Saúde , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Humanos , Quercetina/farmacologia
15.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 277, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Asia lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) is an ornamental aquatic plant with high economic value. Flower colour is an important ornamental trait, with much of N. nucifera breeding focusing on its yellow flowers. To explore the yellow flower colouration mechanism in N. nucifera, we analysed its pigment constituents and content, as well as gene expression in the flavonoid pathway, in two N. nucifera cultivars. RESULTS: We performed metabolomic and gene expression analyses in two N. nucifera cultivars with yellow and white flowers, Molinqiuse (MLQS) and Yeguangbei (YGB), respectively, at five stages of flower colouration. Based on phenotypic observation and metabolite analyses, the later stages of flower colouration (S3-S5) were determined to be key periods for differences between MLQS and YGB, with dihydroflavonols and flavonols differing significantly between cultivars. Dihydroquercetin, dihydrokaempferol, and isorhamnetin were significantly higher in MLQS than in YGB, whereas kaempferol was significantly higher in YGB. Most of the key homologous structural genes in the flavonoid pathway were significantly more active in MLQS than in YGB at stages S1-S4. CONCLUSION: In this study, we performed the first analyses of primary and secondary N. nucifera metabolites during flower colouration, and found that isorhamnetin and kaempferol shunting resulted in petal colour differences between MLQS and YGB. Based on our data integration analyses of key enzyme expression in the putative flavonoid pathways of the two N. nucifera cultivars, NnFLS gene substrate specificity and differential expression of NnOMTs may be related to petal colour differences between MLQS and YGB. These results will contribute to determining the mechanism of yellow flower colouration in N. nucifera, and will improve yellow petal colour breeding in lotus species.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Nelumbo/metabolismo , Pigmentação/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas , Quempferóis/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Metiltransferases/genética , Nelumbo/enzimologia , Nelumbo/genética , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/metabolismo , Especificidade da Espécie
16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 218: 343-354, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221339

RESUMO

Taxifolin possesses gastroprotective property but is characterized by low water solubility, is instabile in alkaline medium, and is degraded by the intestinal bacteria flora. The purpose of the work was therefore to produce a gastroadhesive formulation to prolong taxifolin residence time and release in the stomach. We first demonstrated that taxifolin is stable in simulated gastric fluid with or without pepsin and mucus, and is able to cross pig gastric mucus layer and stomach mucosa. Next, gastromucoadhesive microparticles composed of Syloid® AL-1 mesoporous silica, chitosan and HPMC were produced using spray-drying. Microparticles were characterized by a spherical shape and a mean volume-equivalent diameter around 12 µm. The optimized microparticles were able to release taxifolin and to adhere to pig stomach mucosa for 5 h.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/química , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Adesividade , Animais , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Excipientes/química , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Microtecnologia , Mimusops/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Permeabilidade , Quercetina/química , Sementes/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Suínos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(11)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159151

RESUMO

Quercetin is an abundant flavonoid in nature and is used in several dietary supplements. Although quercetin is extensively metabolized by human enzymes and the colonic microflora, we have only few data regarding the pharmacokinetic interactions of its metabolites. Therefore, we investigated the interaction of human and microbial metabolites of quercetin with the xanthine oxidase enzyme. Inhibitory effects of five conjugates and 23 microbial metabolites were examined with 6-mercaptopurine and xanthine substrates (both at 5 µM), employing allopurinol as a positive control. Quercetin-3'-sulfate, isorhamnetin, tamarixetin, and pyrogallol proved to be strong inhibitors of xanthine oxidase. Sulfate and methyl conjugates were similarly strong inhibitors of both 6-mercaptopurine and xanthine oxidations (IC50 = 0.2-0.7 µM); however, pyrogallol inhibited xanthine oxidation (IC50 = 1.8 µM) with higher potency vs. 6-MP oxidation (IC50 = 10.1 µM). Sulfate and methyl conjugates were approximately ten-fold stronger inhibitors (IC50 = 0.2-0.6 µM) of 6-mercaptopurine oxidation than allopurinol (IC50 = 7.0 µM), and induced more potent inhibition compared to quercetin (IC50 = 1.4 µM). These observations highlight that some quercetin metabolites can exert similar or even a stronger inhibitory effect on xanthine oxidase than the parent compound, which may lead to the development of quercetin-drug interactions (e.g., with 6-mercaptopurin or azathioprine).


Assuntos
Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/farmacologia , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Alopurinol/química , Alopurinol/farmacologia , Catálise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Ligação Proteica , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Xantina/química , Xantina/farmacologia
18.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104191, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163200

RESUMO

8,2'-Diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether, a natural product with prominent anti-breast cancer activity, is the main active constituent of Sinopodophylli Fructus. A high-performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector coupled with electrospray ionization ion trap time-of-flight multistage mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MSn) method was established and applied to profile and identify the metabolites of 8,2'-diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether as well as study their distribution in rat organs for the first time. A total of 100 new metabolites were tentatively identified in rats. The metabolic reactions of 8,2'-diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether in rats in vivo were hydroxylation, methylation, glucuronidation, dehydrogenation, sulfation, polymerization and cysteine conjugation as well as the specific reactions of leucine/isoleucine, proline, and vitamin C conjugation. The detected metabolites included 77 in faeces, 50 in urine, 11 in plasma, 50 in the small intestine, 32 in the stomach, 23 in the liver, 9 in the lungs, 9 in the spleen, 8 in the heart, and 6 in the kidneys. The results indicated that the small intestine, stomach, and liver were the major organs for the distribution of 8,2'-diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether metabolites. Furthermore, 27 metabolites showed various bioactivities predicted by the analysis of "PharmMapper", among which 9 metabolites showed anti-cancer activity. These results are very useful for understanding the metabolism and pharmacological actions as well as the effective forms and toxic actions of 8,2'-diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether in vivo; moreover, they will lay the foundation for further studies on the metabolism of prenylflavonoid compounds.


Assuntos
Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Berberidaceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Quercetina/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Distribuição Tecidual
19.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(4): e201900404, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066786

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the effect of taxifolin on I/R induced gastric injury in rats using biochemical and histopatholohical methods. METHODS: Eighteen albino Wistar male rats equally grouped as; gastric I/R (I/R), 50 mg/kg taxifolin + gastric I/R (TAX+ I/R) and sham operation applied (SHAM). Ischemia induced for 1 hour, and reperfusion induced for 3 hours. RESULTS: Oxidant parameters like, Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Hydroxyguanine (8-OHdG) were higher, whereas total glutathione (tGSH) was lower in the I/R group according to SHAM group, histopathological findings such as marked destruction, edema, and proliferated dilated congested blood vessels were observed severely in the I/R group, whereas there was not any pathological finding except mild dilated congested blood vessels in the TAX+ I/R group. CONCLUSION: The taxifolin can be clinically beneficial in the treatment of gastric injury due to I/R procedure.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Mucosa Gástrica/lesões , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Artéria Celíaca/cirurgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ligadura , Masculino , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
20.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 189(2): 647-660, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093908

RESUMO

Based on the various pharmacological activities of tamarixetin, the present study investigated the cytotoxicity property of tamarixetin in human liver cancer cells including PLC/PRF/5 and HepG2 cells, and their xenografted tumor nude mice. In cells, tamarixetin incubation resulted in the suppression on cell viability; enhanced cell apoptosis rate, LDH release, caspase-3 activation, and reactive oxygen species accumulation; and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential in a dose-dependent manner. Tamarixetin inhibited the growth of PLC/PRF/5- and HepG2-xenografted tumors in BALB/c nude mice after 14-day administration without influencing their bodyweights and organ functions including liver and spleen. Tamarixetin enhanced the expression levels of pro-apoptotic proteins including Bax and cleaved caspase-3 and inhibited the expression levels of anti-apoptotic proteins including Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL in liver cancer cells and their xenografted tumor tissues. Furthermore, tamarixetin significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of ERKs and AKT in both PLC/PRF/5 and HepG2 cells, and tumor tissues. All present data suggest that tamarixetin displays pro-apoptotic properties in liver cancer cells related to the mitochondria apoptotic pathway via regulating the ERKs and AKT signaling.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Dissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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