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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481444

RESUMO

The article is devoted to an urgent medical and social problem - secondary prevention of atherothrombotic stroke and contains current evidence on the use of combined antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. In the COMPASS study, the dual-pathway thrombosis inhibition scheme using rivaroxaban in combination with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) compared with ASA monotherapy demonstrated in patients with established atherosclerotic diseases of the circulatory system, a decrease in the total risk of stroke, death from cardiovascular causes and myocardial infarction by 24%; reduced risk of recurrent stroke by 67%. The incidence of repeated ischemic stroke (IS) in the combination therapy group was 1.1% per year, in the ASA group - 3.4% per year. The total incidence of adverse outcomes included in the combined indicator «net clinical benefit¼ in the rivaroxaban group in combination with ASA was 20% lower than in the ASA group and confirms the advantages of combination therapy in the prevention of recurrent noncardioembolic IS.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(31): 5247-5258, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, which ultimately results in eradication failure, has been an emerging issue in the clinical field. Recently, to overcome this problem, an antibiotic sensitivity-based tailored therapy (TT) for H. pylori infection has received attention. AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety profiles of TT for H. pylori infection treatment compared to a non-bismuth quadruple therapy, concomitant therapy (CT) regimen. METHODS: We included patients (> 18 years) with an H. pylori infection and without a history of Helicobacter eradication who visited the Gil Medical Center between March 2016 and October 2020. After being randomly assigned to either the TT or CT treatment group in 1 to 1 manner, patient compliance, eradication success rate (ESR), and patient-reported side effects profiles were assessed and compared between the two groups. H. pylori infection was diagnosed using a rapid urease test, Giemsa stain, or dual priming oligonucleotide polymerase chain reaction (DPO-PCR). Tailored eradication strategy based through the presence of a 23S ribosomal RNA point mutation. For the TT group, a DPO-PCR test, which detected A2142G and/or A2143G point mutations, and a clarithromycin resistance test were performed. Patients in the clarithromycin-resistant group were treated with a bismuth-containing quadruple combination therapy, while those with sensitive results were treated with the standard triple regimen. RESULTS: Of the 217 patients with a treatment naive H. pylori infection, 110 patients [mean age: 58.66 ± 13.03, men, n = 55 (50%)] were treated with TT, and 107 patients [mean age: 56.67 ± 10.88, men, n = 52 (48.60%)] were treated with CT. The compliance (TT vs CT, 100% vs 98.13%, P = 0.30), and follow-up loss rates (8.18% vs 9.35%, P = 0.95) were not significantly different between the groups. The ESR after treatment was also not statistically different between the groups (TT vs CT, 82.73% vs 82.24%, P = 0.95). However, the treatment-related and patient-reported side effects were significantly lower in the TT group than in the CT group (22.77% vs 50.52%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The DPO-based TT regimen shows promising results in efficacy and safety profiles as a first-line Helicobacter eradication regimen in Korea, especially when physicians are confronted with increased antibiotic resistance rates.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Idoso , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Claritromicina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , República da Coreia
3.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 873-879, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530594

RESUMO

Objective: This analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of rivaroxaban-aspirin combination therapy in secondary prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events in Chinese patients enrolled in the COMPASS trial. Methods: COMPASS was a prospective, international multi-center and randomized controlled trial. From September 2014 to February 2017, 1 086 patients with stable coronary artery disease and peripheral artery diseases were recruited from 31 centers in China. Patients were randomly assigned to separately receive the therapy of rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice a day) plus aspirin (100 mg once a day,) group (n=366), rivaroxaban (5 mg twice a day) alone group (n=365), and aspirin (100 mg once a day) alone group (n=355). Baseline information such as age, sex, etc. of all three groups was collected. Finally, 1 081 patients were followed up successfully, with the follow-up rate 99.5% and the average follow-up time was 19 months. The primary efficacy endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction and stroke. The primary safety endpoint was major bleeding evaluated by modified International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis criteria. Results: Age of patients was (64.2±8.3) years and there were 293 male in rivaroxaban plus aspirin group. Age of patients was (63.8±9.0) years, and there were 301 male patients in rivaroxaban alone group. Age of patients was (63.6±8.8) years, and there were 282 male patients in the aspirin alone group. The incidences of primary efficacy endpoint occurred in 9 cases (1.5%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 21 cases (3.7%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 14 cases (2.5%) in aspirin alone group. Meanwhile, the incidences of primary safety endpoint occurred in 6 cases (1.0%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 9 cases (1.6%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 7 cases (1.2%) in aspirin alone group. The net clinical benefit events were 10 cases (1.7%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 22 cases (3.9%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 15 cases (2.7%) in aspirin alone group (P>0.5%). Conclusions: The combination of rivaroxaban with aspirin can be safe and effectively used for the secondary prevention in Chinese patients with stable coronary artery disease and peripheral artery diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Rivaroxabana , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária
4.
Rev Med Liege ; 76(9): 677-682, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477339

RESUMO

Current guidelines increasingly consider some dual antiretroviral therapies as bona fide alternatives to triple therapy as these regimens are proven to be safe and efficacious. These drug sparing regimens have many advantages such as a reduction of drug burden and subsequent toxicity, preservation of future treatment options, cost reduction and avoidance of drug-drug interactions. In the past, some dual therapies were associated with a higher risk of selecting resistance mutations. Nevertheless, current and future dual regimens based on powerful drugs with a high genetic barrier are non-inferior to triple therapies and could become the future gold standard for HIV treatment.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , HIV , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
5.
West Afr J Med ; 38(8): 756-761, 2021 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of fixed dose combination oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in the therapeutic management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients is becoming popular among clinicians. Reduced pill burden with fixed combination OADs is generally perceived to improve adherence and efficacy. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, tolerability and side effects (SEs) profile of vildagliptin-metformin (VM) combination with metformin-glibenclamide (MG) combination in type 2 DM patients at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH). METHODS: A descriptive prospective open-labeled comparative out-patient study of type 2 DM patients spanning over three months with 60 Patients assigned to two treatment groups - VM (Group 1) and MG (Group 2) of 30 patients each. Parameters measured at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks of study included demographic and anthropometric data; fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level; 2-hour post-prandial (2-hrPPG) glucose; liver function tests (LFTs); Electrolyte, Urea and Creatinine (EUCr); and fasting plasma lipids. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured at baseline and at 12 weeks of the study. A p-value of <0.05 was considered to be significant. RESULTS: There was improvement in FPG, 2hr PPG, HbA1c in all subjects in both groups at the end of the study (6.44±0.79mmol/ l, 8.80±1.16mmol/l and 7.22±1.20% respectively in group 1(VM); and 6.40±0.83mmol/l, 9.29±1.39 and 7.25±0.96% respectively for group 2(MG). There was a significant improvement in body mass index (BMI) of subjects in group 1 (30.02±4.16 at baseline, 29.71±4.12 at study end) compared to those in group 2 (31.98±6.32 at baseline, 32.62±6.30 at study end), p=0.04. At the end of the study, the efficacy of VM (HbA1C-7.22±1.20%) was comparable to that of MG (HbA1c-7.25±0.96), P=0.92. The tolerability of MG (attrition rate 6.7%) was better than that of VM (attrition rate 13%), although this difference was not statistically significant P=0.16. The subjects on VM experienced more gastrointestinal (GIT) side effects compared to those on MG. The major SEs experienced by those on MG were hypoglycaemia and weight gain. VM was less tolerated and had more GIT side effects than MG. CONCLUSION: The use of single pill combination oral antidiabetic medications is associated with improved efficacy.


Assuntos
Adamantano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Adamantano/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Nigéria , Nitrilas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirrolidinas/efeitos adversos , Vildagliptina/uso terapêutico
6.
N Engl J Med ; 385(10): 885-895, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenia is a rare autoimmune disorder with associated bleeding risk and fatigue. Recommended first-line treatment for immune thrombocytopenia is high-dose glucocorticoids, but side effects, variable responses, and high relapse rates are serious drawbacks. METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial conducted in the United Kingdom, we assigned adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia, in a 1:1 ratio, to first-line treatment with a glucocorticoid only (standard care) or combined glucocorticoid and mycophenolate mofetil. The primary efficacy outcome was treatment failure, defined as a platelet count of less than 30×109 per liter and initiation of a second-line treatment, assessed in a time-to-event analysis. Secondary outcomes were response rates, side effects, occurrence of bleeding, patient-reported quality-of-life measures, and serious adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with immune thrombocytopenia underwent randomization (52.4% male; mean age, 54 years [range 17 to 87]; mean platelet level, 7×109 per liter) and were followed for up to 2 years after beginning trial treatment. The mycophenolate mofetil group had fewer treatment failures than the glucocorticoid-only group (22% [13 of 59 patients] vs. 44% [27 of 61 patients]; hazard ratio, 0.41; range, 0.21 to 0.80; P = 0.008) and greater response (91.5% of patients having platelet counts greater than 100×109 per liter vs. 63.9%; P<0.001). We found no evidence of a difference between the groups in the occurrence of bleeding, rescue treatments, or treatment side effects, including infection. However, patients in the mycophenolate mofetil group reported worse quality-of-life outcomes regarding physical function and fatigue than those in the glucocorticoid-only group. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of mycophenolate mofetil to a glucocorticoid for first-line treatment of immune thrombocytopenia resulted in greater response and a lower risk of refractory or relapsed immune thrombocytopenia, but with somewhat decreased quality of life. (Funded by the U.K. National Institute for Health Research; FLIGHT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03156452; EudraCT number, 2017-001171-23.).


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Fadiga/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Contagem de Plaquetas , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445417

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the neuro-regenerative properties of co-ultramicronized PEALut (Glialia®), composed of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and the flavonoid luteolin (Lut), in an in vivo model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and patients affected by moderate TBI. An increase in neurogenesis was seen in the mice at 72 h and 7 d after TBI. The co-ultra PEALut treatment helped the neuronal reconstitution process to restore the basal level of both novel and mature neurons; moreover, it induced a significant upregulation of the neurotrophic factors, which ultimately led to progress in terms of memory recall during behavioral testing. Moreover, our preliminary findings in a clinical trial suggested that Glialia® treatment facilitated neural recovery on working memory. Thus, co-ultra PEALut (Glialia®) could represent a valuable therapeutic agent for intensifying the endogenous repair response in order to better treat TBI.


Assuntos
Amidas/administração & dosagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Etanolaminas/administração & dosagem , Luteolina/administração & dosagem , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Palmíticos/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Amidas/farmacologia , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Quimioterapia Combinada , Etanolaminas/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Luteolina/farmacologia , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Teste do Labirinto Aquático de Morris/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Palmíticos/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Aprendizagem Espacial/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 679-684, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371539

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir-based regimen for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 infection in Hainan Island. Methods: Fifty-three cases with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 infection who were initially treated with a sofosbuvir (SOF)-based regimen [sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) for 12 weeks or sofosbuvir combined with ribavirin (SOF+RBV) for 24 weeks], followed by 24 weeks of follow-up after discontinuation of the drug from January 2018 to March 2020 were selected. The primary outcome measures were incidence of sustained virological response at 12 weeks (SVR12) after the drug withdrawal. The secondary outcome measures were adverse drug events with sustained virological response at the end of treatment and 24 weeks after the end of treatment. The occurrence of adverse events was observed during the treatment. An intragroup comparison was performed by t-test. Intention-to-treat and modified intention-to-treat analysis was used for sustained virological respons. Results: The subtype distribution of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 in 53 cases of chronic hepatitis C infection were as follows: 22 cases of type 6a, 5 cases of type 6w, 5 cases of type 6xa, 3 cases of type 6v, 2 cases of type 6e, 2 cases of type 6r, 1 case of type 6xh, and 13 cases of special virus strains with undetermined genotype. The overall sustained virological response rate at 12 weeks after the drug withdrawal was 100%. Furthermore, HCV RNA was undetectable during the treatment period (4 weeks), at the end of treatment and after the treatment (24 weeks). There were seven cases of adverse events, mainly including fatigue, anorexia, and mild anemia; however, no serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir-based regimen combined with ribavirin or velpatasvir cannot only achieve high response rate to HCV subtype 6a, but also obtain a good sustained virological response to the rare prevalent sub-genotypes and special virus strains of HCV genotype 6, with mild adverse reactions and acceptable safety profile.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 490-493, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a common medical condition in older ages. A devastating result of osteoporosis may be a hip fracture with up to 30% mortality rate in one year. The compliance rate of osteoporotic medication following a hip fracture is 20% in the western world. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the fracture liaison service (FLS) model in the orthopedic department on patient compliance following hip fracture. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients with hip fracture who were involved with FLS. We collected data regarding kidney function, calcium levels, parathyroid hormone levels, and vitamin D levels at admission. We educated the patient and family, started vitamin D and calcium supplementation and recommended osteoporotic medical treatment. We phoned the patient 6-12 weeks following the fracture to ensure treatment initiation. RESULTS: From June 2018 to June 2019 we identified 166 patients with hip fracture who completed at least one year of follow-up. Over 75% of the patients had low vitamin D levels and 22% had low calcium levels at admission. Nine patients (5%) died at median of 109 days. Following our intervention, 161 patients (96%) were discharged with a specific osteoporotic treatment recommendation; 121 (73%) received medication for osteoporosis on average of < 3 months after surgery. We recommended on injectable medications; however, 51 (42%) were treated with oral biphsophonate. CONCLUSIONS: FLS improved the compliance rate of osteoporotic medical treatment and should be a clinical routine in every medical center.


Assuntos
Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Período Pós-Operatório , Prevenção Secundária , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/classificação , Suplementos Nutricionais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/prevenção & controle , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Mortalidade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteoporose/sangue , Osteoporose/complicações , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/mortalidade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/organização & administração , Vitamina D/sangue
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441009

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection impairs quality of life. However, whether eradication therapy ameliorates gastrointestinal symptoms remains questionable. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of H. pylori eradication therapy on gastrointestinal symptoms. Materials and Methods: A total of 140 patients, 59 women and 81 men, with a mean age of 61 and suffering from H. pylori infection in the University Hospital of Split, Croatia, were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to either concomitant or hybrid therapies. The Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) questionnaire was completed by patients prior to and after the eradication therapy. Results: In both groups, the total GSRS score improved significantly after therapy. In the concomitant group, the abdominal pain score, reflux symptoms score and indigestion score decreased significantly after therapy. In the group with hybrid therapy, all five groups of symptoms (abdominal pain, reflux symptoms, indigestion, diarrhea and constipation) significantly decreased after therapy. Patients with adverse events had significantly higher total GSRS scores after eradication therapy. Conclusions: H. pylori eradication therapy could alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms regardless of the treatment used, but the favorable effect seemed to be more pronounced after hybrid therapy.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida
12.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(10): 145, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410542

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antiplatelet therapy remains the standard of care in secondary stroke prevention for non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. We aim to examine the use of antiplatelet agents in secondary prevention through highlighting relevant clinical trials and meta-analyses as well as providing commentary regarding our practice. RECENT FINDINGS: In the POINT and CHANCE trials, dual antiplatelet therapy reduced recurrent stroke compared to aspirin monotherapy. Sub-analyses of these trials suggest that genetic polymorphisms could play a role in diminishing the effectiveness of clopidogrel. Similarly, THALES demonstrated better outcomes with ticagrelor-aspirin combination therapy over aspirin monotherapy. Combination antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and the P2Y12 inhibitors, clopidogrel and ticagrelor, reduced stroke recurrence in those presenting with mild ischemic stroke or high risk TIA. Genetic polymorphisms may play a role in determining the appropriate regimen. Questions remain regarding the optimal duration of combination antiplatelet therapy for various stroke etiologies.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
13.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444956

RESUMO

Curcumin, a curcuminoid known as the main bioactive compound of turmeric, is used in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. Amlodipine is a general antihypertensive drug used in combination with various other antihypertensive agents. To date, no studies have examined the effects of the co-administration of amlodipine with curcumin. In this study, the vasodilatory effects of curcumin, amlodipine, and the co-administration of curcumin with amlodipine on isolated rat aortic rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine were evaluated, and the hypotensive effects were evaluated using the tail cuff method. To measure blood pressure, male spontaneously hypertensive rats were divided into four groups, each containing six rats, as follows: amlodipine 1 mg/kg alone treated, amlodipine 1 mg/kg with curcumin 30 mg/kg treated, amlodipine 1 mg/kg with curcumin 100 mg/kg treated, and amlodipine 1 mg/kg with curcumin 300 mg/kg treated groups. Amlodipine and curcumin were intraperitoneally injected, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured at 1, 2, 4, and 8 h after administration. The combined administration of curcumin and amlodipine induced a stronger vasorelaxant effect than amlodipine alone. However, co-administration did not significantly lower SBP and DBP compared to the single administration of amlodipine. The results of this study suggest that hypertensive patients taking amlodipine can consume curcumin or turmeric for food or other medical purposes without inhibiting the blood pressure-lowering effect of amlodipine.


Assuntos
Anlodipino/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Curcumina/administração & dosagem , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 220, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This post hoc analysis assessed clinical and functional responses to tofacitinib monotherapy, tofacitinib + methotrexate (MTX), and adalimumab + MTX, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis enrolled in the ORAL Strategy study, including evaluation of patient-level data using cumulative probability plots. METHODS: In the 12-month, phase IIIb/IV ORAL Strategy study, patients with rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response to MTX were randomized to receive tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily (BID), tofacitinib 5 mg BID + MTX, or adalimumab 40 mg every other week + MTX. In this post hoc analysis, cumulative probability plots were generated for mean percent change from baseline (%∆) in the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI; clinical response) and mean change from baseline (∆) in the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI; functional response) at month 12. Median C-reactive protein (CRP) levels by time period were summarized by CDAI remission (≤ 2.8) status at months 6 and 12. RESULTS: Data for 1146 patients were analyzed. At month 12, cumulative probability plots for %∆CDAI and ∆HAQ-DI were similar across treatments in patients with greater response. At lower levels of response, patients receiving tofacitinib monotherapy did not respond as well as those receiving combination therapies. With tofacitinib + MTX, numerically higher baseline CRP levels and numerically larger post-baseline CRP reductions were seen in patients achieving CDAI remission at months 6 and 12 vs those who did not. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that patients with a greater response did well, irrespective of which therapy they received. Patients with lesser response had better outcomes with combination therapies vs tofacitinib monotherapy, suggesting they benefitted from MTX. High pre-treatment CRP levels may be associated with better response to tofacitinib + MTX. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02187055. Registered on 08 July 2014.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Metotrexato , Adalimumab , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Piperidinas , Pirimidinas , Pirróis , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 59(9): 7-11, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459676

RESUMO

Approximately 30% of people treated for a major depressive episode will not achieve remission after two or more treatment trials of first-line antidepressants and are considered to have treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Because the odds of remission decrease with every subsequent medication trial, it is important for clinicians to understand the characteristics and risk factors for TRD, subtypes of major depressive disorder that are more likely to be less responsive to first-line anti-depressants, and the available treatment options. In the current article, we review the approved treatments for TRD, including esketamine, and the evidence for psilocybin and pramipexole. Although limited in specificity, guidelines to help prescribers identify person-centered treatments for TRD are available. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 59(9), 7-11.].


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos
17.
Am J Nurs ; 121(9): 56, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438430

RESUMO

According to this study: In patients with moderate to severe asthma, triple therapy was significantly associated with fewer severe asthma exacerbations and modest improvements in asthma control compared with dual therapy.No significant differences were found in quality of life or mortality between triple and dual therapy.


Assuntos
Asma , Qualidade de Vida , Administração por Inalação , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos
18.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371883

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the overall biohumoral and metabolic effects of a 12-week add-on therapy consisting of a new nutraceutical formulation (BHC) based on berberine, hesperidin, and chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) patients with suboptimal glycemic compensation receiving metformin. After 12 weeks, participants in the group receiving metformin plus BHC, compared to the group receiving metformin only, saw a significant improvement in their glucose profile, in terms of both glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose (FBG). Their FBG dropped from 145 ± 20 mg/dL to 128 ± 23 mg/dL (p < 0.01), a decrease of 11.7% compared with the baseline. This decrease differed significantly from the situation in the control arm (p < 0.05). HbA1c decreased by 7.5% from the baseline, from 53.5 ± 4.3 mmol/mol to 49.5 ± 5.1 mmol/mol (p < 0.01), in the group given BHC, while no difference was seen in the control group. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were found to be significantly reduced (p < 0.01) only in the BHC group, from 9.34 ± 7.61 µg/mL to 6.75 ± 6.13 µg/mL, and from 1.7 ± 0.15 µmol/L to 1.4 ± 0.25 µmol/L, respectively. In patients with T2D taking metformin with suboptimal glycemic compensation, adding BHC for 3 months significantly improved glucose control in terms of FBG and HbA1c, and had a positive effect on the lipid peroxidation profile, as indicated by a decrease in AGEs and MDA.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Controle Glicêmico/métodos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Metformina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371884

RESUMO

The dietary supplement, trans-resveratrol and hesperetin combination (tRES-HESP), induces expression of glyoxalase 1, countering the accumulation of reactive dicarbonyl glycating agent, methylglyoxal (MG), in overweight and obese subjects. tRES-HESP produced reversal of insulin resistance, improving dysglycemia and low-grade inflammation in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. Herein, we report further analysis of study variables. MG metabolism-related variables correlated with BMI, dysglycemia, vascular inflammation, blood pressure, and dyslipidemia. With tRES-HESP treatment, plasma MG correlated negatively with endothelial independent arterial dilatation (r = -0.48, p < 0.05) and negatively with peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) quinone reductase activity (r = -0.68, p < 0.05)-a marker of the activation status of transcription factor Nrf2. For change from baseline of PBMC gene expression with tRES-HESP treatment, Glo1 expression correlated negatively with change in the oral glucose tolerance test area-under-the-curve plasma glucose (ΔAUGg) (r = -0.56, p < 0.05) and thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) correlated positively with ΔAUGg (r = 0.59, p < 0.05). Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) correlated positively with change in fasting plasma glucose (r = 0.70, p < 0.001) and negatively with change in insulin sensitivity (r = -0.68, p < 0.01). These correlations were not present with placebo. tRES-HESP decreased low-grade inflammation, characterized by decreased expression of CCL2, COX-2, IL-8, and RAGE. Changes in CCL2, IL-8, and RAGE were intercorrelated and all correlated positively with changes in MLXIP, MAFF, MAFG, NCF1, and FTH1, and negatively with changes in HMOX1 and TKT; changes in IL-8 also correlated positively with change in COX-2. Total urinary excretion of tRES and HESP metabolites were strongly correlated. These findings suggest tRES-HESP counters MG accumulation and protein glycation, decreasing activation of the unfolded protein response and expression of TXNIP and TNFα, producing reversal of insulin resistance. tRES-HESP is suitable for further evaluation for treatment of insulin resistance and related disorders.


Assuntos
Hesperidina/administração & dosagem , Resistência à Insulina , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Resveratrol/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Cross-Over , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/terapia , Feminino , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/sangue , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/terapia , Glicosilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Obesidade/sangue , Sobrepeso/sangue , Aldeído Pirúvico/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26622, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluated the efficacy of metformin combined with simvastatin in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet the results of the researches are not consistent. It is necessary to conduct a meta-analysis to explore the efficacy and safety of metformin combined with simvastatin in the treatment of PCOS, to provide evidence supports for the treatment of PCOS. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and Chinese biomedical literature databases online to identify the RCTs evaluating the efficacy of metformin combined with simvastatin in the treatment of PCOS. Standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated to evaluate the synthesized effects. RESULTS: Nine RCTs with a total of 746 PCOS patients were included. The synthesized results indicated that the combined use of metformin and simvastatin are more beneficial to reduce the total cholesterol (SMD -2.66, 95% CI -3.65 to -1.66), triglycerides (SMD -1.25, 95% CI -2.02 to -0.49), low density lipoprotein (SMD -2.91, 95% CI -3.98 to -1.84), testosterone (SMD -0.64, 95% CI -1.13 to -0.15), fasting insulin (SMD -1.17, 95% CI -2.09 to -0.26) than metformin alone treatment in PCOS patients (all P < .001), and there was no significant difference in the high density lipoprotein (SMD -0.05, 95% CI -0.56-0.46), luteinizing hormone (SMD -0.58, 95% CI -1.66 to -0.50), follicle stimulating hormone (SMD 0.41, 95% CI -0.78-1.59), prolactin (SMD -1.38, 95% CI -2.93-0.17), fasting blood sugar (SMD 0.23, 95% CI -0.52-0.97), and insulin sensitivity index (SMD -0.17, 95% CI -0.48-0.15) between experimental and control groups (all P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Metformin combined with simvastatin is superior to metformin alone in the treatment of PCOS patients with more advantages in improving the levels of sex hormones, blood lipids, and blood sugar. However, the safety of this therapy still needs to be further explored in clinical studies with high-quality and large samples.


Assuntos
Metformina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico , Glicemia/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sinvastatina/efeitos adversos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
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