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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1437-1449, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-995170

RESUMO

A pesquisa Diálogos com o Feminino aborda a trajetória de mulheres na psicologia brasileira, buscando evidenciar as especificidades do saber psi que se dedicou às questões do feminino e produziu uma intervenção específica de psicologia feita por mulheres e para mulheres. Esta comunicação apresenta dados da primeira fase da pesquisa, constituindo uma análise de abordagem qualitativa, natureza aplicada, com objetivo exploratório e procedimento de análise documental sobre a contribuição da jornalista e mestre em psicologia social Irede Cardoso para a psicologia articulada ao movimento feminista brasileiro. O estudo parte da experiência do programa de rádio Elas por Elas, compreendendo-o como uma original intervenção sobre a questão da mulher, tanto pelo diálogo que propunha com a psicologia, quanto pela utilização de instrumentos de comunicação via rádio e telefone, assim como pela colocação de questões específicas da mulher de forma coletivizada. Em seguida, são discutidos elementos da biografia de Irede Cardoso, abordando sua trajetória e produção acadêmica. Os resultados demonstram que o saber psi estudado na pesquisa formou esforços para a coletivização da pauta feminista.(AU)


The Dialogues with Feminine research addresses the trajectory of women in Brazilian psychology, seeking to highlight the specificities of psychological knowledge that has been dedicated to feminine issues and has produced a specific intervention of psychology by women and for women. This communication presents data from the first phase of the research, constituting an analysis of qualitative approach, applied nature, with an exploratory objective and documental analysis procedure about the contribution of the journalist and master in social psychology Irede Cardoso for the psychology articulated to the Brazilian feminist movement. The study begins with the experience of the radio program "Elas por Elas", understanding it as an original intervention on the issue of women, both for the dialogue it proposed with psychology, and for the use of radio and telephone, as well as by placing specific questions of the woman collectively. Then, elements of the biography of Irede Cardoso are discussed, detailing their trajectory and academic production. The results demonstrate that the psychological knowledge studied in the research has made efforts for the collectivization of the feminist agenda.(AU)


La investigación Diálogos con lo Femenino aborda la trayectoria de mujeres en la psicología brasileña, buscando evidenciar las especificidades del saber psi que se dedicó a las cuestiones de lo femenino y produjo una intervención específica de psicología hecha por mujeres y para mujeres. Esta comunicación presenta datos de la primera fase de la investigación, constituyendo un análisis de abordaje cualitativo, de naturaleza aplicada, con objetivo exploratorio y procedimiento de análisis documental sobre la contribución de la periodista y magíster en psicología social Irede Cardoso para la psicología articulada al movimiento feminista brasileño. El estudio se inició con la experiencia del programa de radio Ellas por Ellas, comprendiéndolo como una intervención original sobre la cuestión de la mujer, tanto por el diálogo que proponía con la psicología, como por la utilización de instrumentos de comunicación vía radio y teléfono, así como por la colocación de cuestiones específicas de la mujer de forma colectiva. A continuación, se discuten elementos de la biografía de Irede Cardoso, detallando su trayectoria y producción académica. Los resultados demuestran que el saber psi estudiado en la investigación significó un esfuerzo para la colectivización de la pauta feminista.(AU)


Assuntos
Psicologia/história , Mulheres , Feminismo , Rádio
2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46822

RESUMO

Programa de Rádio da UFSCAR chamado Voz indígena, disponibilizando seus podcasts e programas com programas dedicados aos saberes e cultura dos povos indígenas.


Assuntos
Rádio , Cultura Indígena
3.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; 31(6): 559-571, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470732

RESUMO

A small, local-level communication initiative aimed to bring about social change and development in communities affected by sustained conflict in Mindanao, Philippines. A realist evaluation involved a secondary analysis of existing data sets that revealed previously undetected mechanisms and 13 outcomes for improving dialogue, livelihood, and participatory communication. This article describes the method developed for the realist evaluation and constructs Context-Mechanism-Outcome configurations from the existing data sets. The realist evaluation represents what took place in a context characterized by conflict, disadvantage and disempowerment through 2 key mechanisms, community-centered radio and community radio volunteers. Both mechanisms became voices for the voiceless. The community-centered radio program supported community volunteers to mobilize communities to participate in radio segments, offering opportunities for their voices to be heard on local issues resulting in discussion, provision of services not previously offered, community leaders more responsive to community needs, and coordinated community action that resolved needs.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Rádio , Planejamento Social , Conflitos Armados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Filipinas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Mudança Social , Voluntários/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 21: 1-8, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395226

RESUMO

Although HIV awareness is an important prerequisite for successful HIV prevention, the rate of HIV testing and knowledge about HIV remains critically low among adolescents in Uganda. Using Uganda's 2016 Demographic and Health Surveys, this paper investigates the linkage between mass media exposure and HIV awareness among adolescents aged between 15 and 19 years old. We perform multivariate regressions to estimate the effect of mass media (print media, radio and TV) exposure on adolescents' awareness focusing on HIV testing and HIV-related knowledge. Results suggest that the frequency of exposure to mass media increases both adolescents' likelihood to get tested for HIV and their HIV-related knowledge score. These findings imply that health educators and HIV programme planners in Uganda should take advantage of traditional mass media and deliver more HIV-related messages through television, radio, and print media in order to enhance the levels of HIV testing and HIV-related knowledge among adolescents.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Estatísticos , Jornais como Assunto , Rádio , Televisão , Uganda , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311142

RESUMO

Humanitarian radio has been used in humanitarian aid efforts and after natural disasters over the last 15 years. However, the effects have barely been evaluated, and there are few scientific reports on the impact of radio as a disaster health response intervention. Therefore, this study aimed to provide an overview of the use and impact of humanitarian radio in natural disasters from a health perspective. A literature review of 13 scientific papers and grey literature resources was conducted. The results show that humanitarian radio could be used to promote both physical and psychosocial wellbeing by providing health-related information, advice and psychosocial support in natural disasters. Community resilience can be enhanced by the promotion of community engagement and can strengthen self-efficacy and community efficacy. Radio also has the potential to cost-effectively reach a large number of affected people in areas with severely damaged infrastructure. Radio could, therefore, contribute to health recovery and wellbeing from both individual and community perspectives. As such, health professionals; crises communication professionals, including radio journalists; and disaster-managing stakeholders should be prepared and trained to use humanitarian radio as an integrated part of the disaster health response in natural disasters.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Desastres Naturais , Rádio , Socorro em Desastres , Resiliência Psicológica , Altruísmo , Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Apoio Social
8.
Environ Res ; 175: 148-155, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA) is used for radiocommunications among the British police forces. OBJECTIVES: To investigate association of personal radio use and sickness absence among police officers and staff from the Airwave Health Monitoring Study. METHODS: Participant-level sickness absence records for 26 forces were linked with personal radio use for 32,102 participants. We used multivariable logistic regression to analyse TETRA usage in year prior to enrolment and sickness absence (lasting more than 7 or 28 consecutive days) in the following year and a zero-inflated negative binomial model for analyses of number of sickness absence episodes of any duration ('spells') over the same period. In secondary analyses, we looked at an extended period of observation among a sub-cohort with linked data over time, using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Median personal radio use (year prior to enrolment) was 29.7 min per month (interquartile range 7.5, 64.7) among users. In the year following enrolment there were 25,655 sickness absence spells among 15,248 participants. There were similar risks of sickness absence lasting more than seven days among users and non-users, although among users risk was higher with greater use, odds ratio = 1.04 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 1.06) per doubling of radio use. There was no association for sickness absence of more than 28 days. For sickness absence spells, risk was lower among users than non-users (incidence rate ratio = 0.91; 95% CI 0.75 to 1.11), again with higher risk among users for greater radio use. There was no association between radio use and sickness absence in secondary analyses. DISCUSSION: There were similar or lower risks of sickness absence in TETRA radio users compared with non-users. Among users, the higher risk of sickness absence with greater radio use may reflect working pattern differences among police personnel rather than effects of radiofrequency exposure.


Assuntos
Polícia , Rádio , Licença Médica , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Polícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Rádio/estatística & dados numéricos , Ondas de Rádio/efeitos adversos , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
J Med Syst ; 43(4): 98, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874906

RESUMO

In order to study the application of digital radio mondiale (DRM) broadcasting system in medical signal transmission, taking sinusoidal signal as an example, the transmission format is designed, and the data transmission function of the system channel is verified and applied to the transmission of medical information. Taking the traditional electrocardiogram signal and magnetic resonance image as examples, the two kinds of medical information are successfully transmitted according to the appropriate transmission format. As the simplest and easiest to deploy communication mode, the system will provide the fastest and timeliest information and emergency communication function for disaster relief and rescue, which is a practical and valuable application.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Rádio/instrumentação , Humanos
12.
Pensar prát. (Impr.) ; 22: 1-13, jan.-dez.2019. Ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-997522

RESUMO

Esse ensaio tem como objetivo analisar a trajetória de oito anos do Óbvio Ululante, programa sobre futebol veiculado na Rádio UFMG Educativa. Apresentamos, primeiramente, nosso entendimento acerca dos princípios que devem nortear a atuação de uma rádio universitária, que balizam também a produção do programa em questão, seguidos de uma descrição sobre a presença do futebol na mídia radiofônica. Analisamos, então, a experiência do Óbvio Ululante, dando ênfase àsmudanças, explicadas a partir das reflexões e posicionamentos que as motivaram. Destaca-se a maior atenção dada aos "infames do futebol", aqueles clubes, grupos e agentes do futebol com menor espaço na agenda midiática das grandes redes de comunicação.


This text aims to analyze the trajectory of Óbvio Ululante, a soccer program running at Radio UFMG Educativa. We present first, our understanding of the principles that guides the actions of a university radio, which also guides the production of the program in question, followed by a description about the presence of football over the radio. We then analyze the experience of Óbvio Ululante, emphasizing the changes, explained from the reflections and positions that motivated them. There is a greater attention given to the "infamous of soccer", those clubs, groups and agents of soccer with less space in the media agenda of large communication networks.


Este ensayo pretende analizar la trayectoria de los ocho años de Óbvio Ululante, programa sobre fútbol que se ejecutan en la Radio UFMG Educativa. En primer lugar, presentamos nuestra comprensión de los principios que deben guiar las acciones de una radio universitaria, que guían la producción del programa en cuestión, seguida por una descripción acerca de lapresencia del fútbol en los medios de comunicación por radio. Tenemos, entonces, la experiencia de Óbvio Ululante, haciendo énfasis en los cambios, explicados por las reflexiones y posiciones que los motivaron. Hay una mayor atención à cuestión de los "infames del fútbol", los clubes, grupos y agentes de fútbol con menos espacio en la agenda de los medios de grandes redes de comunicación.


Assuntos
Humanos , Rádio , Futebol
13.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0205771, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785879

RESUMO

Communication technologies, from printing to social media, affect our historical records by changing the way ideas are spread and recorded. Yet, finding statistical evidence of this fact has been challenging. Here we combine a common causal inference technique (instrumental variable estimation) with a dataset on nearly forty thousand biographies from Wikipedia (Pantheon 2.0), to study the effect of the introduction of printing in European cities on Wikipedia's digital biographical records. By using a city's distance to Mainz as an instrument for the adoption of the movable type press, we show that European cities that adopted printing earlier were more likely to become the birthplace of a famous scientist or artist during the years following the invention of printing. We bring these findings to recent communication technologies by showing that the number of radios and televisions in a country correlates with the number of globally famous performing artists and sports players born in that country, even after controlling for GDP, population, and including country and year fixed effects. These findings support the hypothesis that the introduction of communication technologies can bias historical records in the direction of the content that is best suited for each technology.


Assuntos
Arte , Disseminação de Informação , Impressão , Ciência , Europa (Continente) , Internet , Música , Política , Rádio , Pesquisadores , Canto , Televisão
14.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210310, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682038

RESUMO

The increasing demand for network applications, such as teleconferencing, multimedia messaging and mobile TV, which have diverse requirements, has resulted in the introduction of Long Term Evolution (LTE) by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). LTE networks implement resource allocation algorithms to distribute radio resource to satisfy the bandwidth and delay requirements of users. However, the scheduling algorithm problem of distributing radio resources to users is not well defined in the LTE standard and thus considerably affects transmission order. Furthermore, the existing radio resource algorithm suffers from performance degradation under prioritised conditions because of the minimum data rate used to determine the transmission order. In this work, a novel downlink resource allocation algorithm that uses quality of service (QoS) requirements and channel conditions to address performance degradation is proposed. The new algorithm is formulated as an optimisation problem where network resources are allocated according to users' priority, whereas the scheduling algorithm decides on the basis of users' channel status to satisfy the demands of QoS. Simulation is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, and results demonstrate that it performs better than do all other algorithms according to the measured metrics.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Meios de Comunicação/normas , Rádio/normas , Meios de Comunicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Multimídia , Rádio/estatística & dados numéricos , Alocação de Recursos , Tecnologia sem Fio
16.
Perspect Public Health ; 139(1): 34-43, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29877122

RESUMO

AIM:: Taking into account that a key determinant in public approval of vaccinations is how the media constructs and frames messages about vaccination programmes, our aim is to review communication studies exploring media coverage of vaccines within traditional media venues. METHODS:: Using a registered protocol (PROSPERO: 42017072849), a systematic review was conducted that searched in three international electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and the International Bibliography of Social Science) for articles published between 2007 and 2017 following content-analysis methods. The characteristics and outcomes were systematically identified and described. The search yielded 24 eligible studies that were further analysed in the review. RESULTS:: Media coverage of vaccines has been largely studied during the last decade. Findings revealed that 62% ( n = 15) of studies analysed the human papillomavirus vaccine, 87% ( n = 21) examined newspapers, and 62% ( n = 15) examined North American media. In relation to media content analyses, 75% found negative messages on vaccines and 83% identified a lack of accurate information. CONCLUSIONS:: This systematic review suggests an agenda for further research. There is a significant need to analyse other types of traditional media beyond newspapers. Future studies should focus on other geographical areas such as low-income countries and on analysing visual materials and digital media. We found that negative messages and inaccurate information are common in media coverage on vaccines; therefore, further research focusing on these topics is needed. Officials in public health organizations should develop a close collaboration with the media to improve public communication on vaccines.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Vacinação , Humanos , Jornais como Assunto , Rádio , Televisão
17.
J Homosex ; 66(7): 896-913, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29893651

RESUMO

This analytic autoethnography explores identity negotiation in on-air media personalities in West Texas by augmenting the author's personal experience with the lived experiences of five other gay radio/television on-air personalities. Employing the communication of identity theory, results indicate conflicts between the personal and communal frames, the relational and communal frames, and the enactment frame with all other frames. Strategies used to help navigate these conflicts include employment of hegemonic masculinity norms, self-monitoring, and assimilation.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina , Rádio , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Televisão , Adulto , Comunicação , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Negociação , Autorrevelação , Texas , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Voice ; 33(2): 255.e9-255.e17, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29287684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to profile speaking F0 and its variations in newsreaders on varied emotional texts. STUDY DESIGN: This study has a prospective, case-control study design. METHODS: Fifteen professional newsreaders and 15 non-newsreaders were the participants. The participants read the news bulletin that conveyed different emotions (shock, neutral, happy, and sad) in a habitual and "newsreading" voice. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and F0 variations were extracted from 1620 tokens using Praat software (version 5.2.32) on the opening lines, headlines, news stories, and closing lines of each news item. Paired t test, independent t test, and Friedman test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Both male and female newsreaders had significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher SFFs and standard deviations (SDs) of SFF in newsreading voice than speaking voice. Female non-newsreaders demonstrated significantly higher SFF and SD of SFF in newsreading voice, whereas no significant differences were noticed in the frequency parameters for male non-newsreaders. No significant difference was noted in the frequency parameters of speaking and newsreading voice between male newsreaders and male non-newsreaders. A significant difference in the SD of SFF was noticed between female newsreaders and female non-newsreaders in newsreading voice. Female newsreaders had a higher frequency range in both speaking voice and newsreading voice when compared with non-newsreaders. CONCLUSIONS: F0 characteristics and frequency range determine the amount of frequency changes exercised by newsreaders while reading bulletins. This information is highly pedagogic for training voices in this profession.


Assuntos
Emoções , Linguagem , Ocupações , Leitura , Acústica da Fala , Qualidade da Voz , Acústica , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Descrição de Cargo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Rádio , Espectrografia do Som , Medida da Produção da Fala , Televisão
19.
J Natl Med Assoc ; 111(3): 270-280, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471774

RESUMO

For nearly every category of chronic disease, blacks with African American ancestry (AAs) bear a disproportionate disease burden in comparison to their non-Hispanic white (NHW) counterparts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of a radio-based health communication strategy, geared towards AA adults and the medically underserved. The radio broadcast, titled "Closing the Gap in Healthcare, Inc. (CGHI)," is delivered by a well-known AA male physician in South Carolina. The mission of CGHI is to decrease health disparities in a four-county area of the South Carolina coastal region, defined as the "Lowcountry," by providing evidence-based health information to a broad community audience via radio broadcast messaging. To evaluate the impact of the CGHI, investigators conducted 12 focus groups (FGs) with community members from the broadcast coverage area to evaluate responses to FG questions based on 11 attributes of effective health communication. Potential FG participants were identified/recruited via a South Carolina-based marketing firm. The FGs conducted in the Sea Islands were culturally and racially homogenous. The investigators developed a FG interview guide. Before each FG started, the informed consent process was administered to each participant. Each two-hour FG was digitally recorded.


Assuntos
Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Área Carente de Assistência Médica , Rádio , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/educação , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , South Carolina
20.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 13: [1-9], 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1046586

RESUMO

Objetivo: apreender as representações sociais de jovens escolares acerca do papilomavírus humano por meio de uma web rádio. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, exploratório-descritivo, realizado por meio de registros documentais do programa "Em sintonia com a saúde", da web rádio Ajir, de uma universidade, com 215 jovens de escolas públicas. Organizaram-se os dados pelo software Iramuteq, analisando-os com base na Teoria de Representações Sociais e na literatura relacionada. Apresentaram-se os resultados em forma de figuras. Resultados: evidenciou-se o conhecimento dos jovens acerca da temática e dos fatores de proteção e de risco. Conclusão: verificam-se percepções diferenciadas a respeito da doença, carregadas de inúmeras dúvidas, configurando a necessidade de diálogo com os jovens, sendo a web rádio uma ferramenta de importante alcance na educação em saúde.(AU)


Objective: to understand the social representations of schoolchildren about human papillomavirus through a web radio. Method: this is a quantitative, exploratory-descriptive study carried out through documentary records of the program "In harmony with health", from the web radio Ajir, of a university, with 215 young people from public schools. Data was organized by Iramuteq software, analyzing them based on Social Representation Theory and related literature. The results were presented in the form of figures. Results: the knowledge of young people about the theme and the protection and risk factors was evidenced. Conclusion: there are different perceptions about the disease, loaded with numerous doubts, configuring the need for dialogue with young people, and the radio web is an important tool in health education.(AU)


Objetivo: aprehender las representaciones sociales de jóvenes escolares acerca del papiloma virus humano a través de una web radio. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, realizado por medio de registros documentales del programa "En sintonía con la salud", de la web radio Ajir, de una universidad, con 215 jóvenes de escuelas públicas. Se organizaron los datos por el software Iramuteq, analizándolos con base en la Teoría de Representaciones Sociales y en la literatura relacionada. Se presentaron los resultados en forma de figuras. Resultados: se evidenció el conocimiento de los jóvenes acerca de la temática y de los factores de protección y de riesgo. Conclusión: se observan percepciones diferenciadas respecto de la enfermedad, cargadas de innumerables dudas, configurando la necesidad de diálogo con los jóvenes, siendo la web radio una herramienta de importante alcance en la educación en salud. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Papillomaviridae , Rádio , Educação em Saúde , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Tecnologia da Informação , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Epidemiologia Descritiva
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