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2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4287, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855419

RESUMO

Warsaw Breakage Syndrome (WABS) is a rare disorder related to cohesinopathies and Fanconi anemia, caused by bi-allelic mutations in DDX11. Here, we report multiple compound heterozygous WABS cases, each displaying destabilized DDX11 protein and residual DDX11 function at the cellular level. Patient-derived cell lines exhibit sensitivity to topoisomerase and PARP inhibitors, defective sister chromatid cohesion and reduced DNA replication fork speed. Deleting DDX11 in RPE1-TERT cells inhibits proliferation and survival in a TP53-dependent manner and causes chromosome breaks and cohesion defects, independent of the expressed pseudogene DDX12p. Importantly, G-quadruplex (G4) stabilizing compounds induce chromosome breaks and cohesion defects which are strongly aggravated by inactivation of DDX11 but not FANCJ. The DNA helicase domain of DDX11 is essential for sister chromatid cohesion and resistance to G4 stabilizers. We propose that DDX11 is a DNA helicase protecting against G4 induced double-stranded breaks and concomitant loss of cohesion, possibly at DNA replication forks.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/etiologia , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Troca de Cromátide Irmã , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/química , DNA Helicases/química , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Estabilidade Proteica , Pseudogenes , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Rad51 Recombinase/genética , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolismo , Síndrome , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
3.
Mol Cell ; 79(4): 645-659.e9, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692974

RESUMO

Stress granules (SGs) are membrane-less ribonucleoprotein condensates that form in response to various stress stimuli via phase separation. SGs act as a protective mechanism to cope with acute stress, but persistent SGs have cytotoxic effects that are associated with several age-related diseases. Here, we demonstrate that the testis-specific protein, MAGE-B2, increases cellular stress tolerance by suppressing SG formation through translational inhibition of the key SG nucleator G3BP. MAGE-B2 reduces G3BP protein levels below the critical concentration for phase separation and suppresses SG initiation. Knockout of the MAGE-B2 mouse ortholog or overexpression of G3BP1 confers hypersensitivity of the male germline to heat stress in vivo. Thus, MAGE-B2 provides cytoprotection to maintain mammalian spermatogenesis, a highly thermosensitive process that must be preserved throughout reproductive life. These results demonstrate a mechanism that allows for tissue-specific resistance against stress and could aid in the development of male fertility therapies.


Assuntos
Grânulos Citoplasmáticos/genética , DNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Grânulos Citoplasmáticos/metabolismo , Grânulos Citoplasmáticos/patologia , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/metabolismo , Espermatogônias/citologia , Espermatogônias/patologia , Testículo/citologia , Testículo/metabolismo
4.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 1418-1428, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-595042

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, is now causing a tremendous global health concern. Since its first appearance in December 2019, the outbreak has already caused over 5.8 million infections worldwide (till 29 May 2020), with more than 0.35 million deaths. Early virus-mediated immune suppression is believed to be one of the unique characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection and contributes at least partially to the viral pathogenesis. In this study, we identified the key viral interferon antagonists of SARS-CoV-2 and compared them with two well-characterized SARS-CoV interferon antagonists, PLpro and orf6. Here we demonstrated that the SARS-CoV-2 nsp13, nsp14, nsp15 and orf6, but not the unique orf8, could potently suppress primary interferon production and interferon signalling. Although SARS-CoV PLpro has been well-characterized for its potent interferon-antagonizing, deubiquitinase and protease activities, SARS-CoV-2 PLpro, despite sharing high amino acid sequence similarity with SARS-CoV, loses both interferon-antagonising and deubiquitinase activities. Among the 27 viral proteins, SARS-CoV-2 orf6 demonstrated the strongest suppression on both primary interferon production and interferon signalling. Orf6-deleted SARS-CoV-2 may be considered for the development of intranasal live-but-attenuated vaccine against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Exorribonucleases/metabolismo , Interferons/antagonistas & inibidores , Interferons/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/genética , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Endorribonucleases/genética , Exorribonucleases/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interferons/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética
5.
PLoS Genet ; 16(6): e1008740, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542039

RESUMO

FANCJ/BRIP1 is an iron-sulfur (FeS) cluster-binding DNA helicase involved in DNA inter-strand cross-link (ICL) repair and G-quadruplex (G4) metabolism. Mutations in FANCJ are associated with Fanconi anemia and an increased risk for developing breast and ovarian cancer. Several cancer-associated mutations are located in the FeS domain of FANCJ, but how they affect FeS cluster binding and/or FANCJ activity has remained mostly unclear. Here we show that the FeS cluster is indispensable for FANCJ's ability to unwind DNA substrates in vitro and to provide cellular resistance to agents that induce ICLs. Moreover, we find that FANCJ requires an intact FeS cluster for its ability to unfold G4 structures on the DNA template in a primer extension assay with the lagging-strand DNA polymerase delta. Surprisingly, however, FANCJ variants that are unable to bind an FeS cluster and to unwind DNA in vitro can partially suppress the formation of replisome-associated G4 structures that we observe in a FANCJ knock-out cell line. This may suggest a partially retained cellular activity of FANCJ variants with alterations in the FeS domain. On the other hand, FANCJ knock-out cells expressing FeS cluster-deficient variants display a similar-enhanced-sensitivity towards pyridostatin (PDS) and CX-5461, two agents that stabilise G4 structures, as FANCJ knock-out cells. Mutations in FANCJ that abolish FeS cluster binding may hence be predictive of an increased cellular sensitivity towards G4-stabilising agents.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Quadruplex G , Mutação , RNA Helicases/genética , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/química , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , RNA Helicases/química , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Células Sf9 , Spodoptera
6.
Plant Mol Biol ; 104(1-2): 39-53, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564178

RESUMO

Plants are exposed to various environmental cues that lead to reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. ROS production and detoxification are tightly regulated to maintain balance. Although studies of glucose (Glc) are always accompanied by ROS in animals, the role of Glc in respect of ROS in plants is unclear. We isolated gsm2 (Glc-hypersensitive mutant 2), a mutant with a notably chlorotic-cotyledon phenotype. The chloroplast-localized GSM2 was characterized as a transaldolase in the pentose phosphate pathway. With 3% Glc treatment, fewer or no thylakoids were observed in gsm2 cotyledon chloroplasts than in wild-type cotyledon chloroplasts, suggesting that GSM2 is required for chloroplast protection under stress. gsm2 also showed evaluated accumulation of ROS with 3% Glc treatment and was more sensitive to exogenous H2O2 than the wild type. Gene expression analysis of the antioxidant enzymes in gsm2 revealed that chloroplast damage to gsm2 cotyledons results from the accumulation of excessive ROS in response to Glc. Moreover, the addition of diphenyleneiodonium chloride or phenylalanine can rescue Glc-induced chlorosis in gsm2 cotyledons. This work suggests that GSM2 functions to maintain ROS balance in response to Glc during early seedling growth and sheds light on the relationship between Glc, the pentose phosphate pathway and ROS.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Homeostase , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transaldolase/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Clorofila/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/genética , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Cotilédone/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Germinação , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Via de Pentose Fosfato/genética , Via de Pentose Fosfato/fisiologia , Fenótipo , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA de Plantas/genética , RNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Plântula/genética , Plântula/metabolismo , Transaldolase/genética
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(27): 15778-15788, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571931

RESUMO

RIG-I, MDA5, and LGP2 comprise the RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs). RIG-I and MDA5 are essential pathogen recognition receptors sensing viral infections while LGP2 has been described as both RLR cofactor and negative regulator. After sensing and binding to viral RNA, including double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), RIG-I and MDA5 undergo cytosol-to-membrane relocalization to bind and signal through the MAVS adaptor protein on intracellular membranes, thus directing downstream activation of IRF3 and innate immunity. Here, we report examination of the dynamic subcellular localization of all three RLRs within the intracellular response to dsRNA and RNA virus infection. Observations from high resolution biochemical fractionation and electron microscopy, coupled with analysis of protein interactions and IRF3 activation, show that, in resting cells, microsome but not mitochondrial fractions harbor the central components to initiate innate immune signaling. LGP2 interacts with MAVS in microsomes, blocking the RIG-I/MAVS interaction. Remarkably, in response to dsRNA treatment or RNA virus infection, LGP2 is rapidly released from MAVS and redistributed to mitochondria, temporally correlating with IRF3 activation. We reveal that IRF3 activation does not take place on mitochondria but instead occurs at endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived membranes. Our observations suggest ER-derived membranes as key RLR signaling platforms controlled through inhibitory actions of LGP2 binding to MAVS wherein LGP2 translocation to mitochondria releases MAVS inhibition to facilitate RLR-mediated signaling of innate immunity.


Assuntos
Proteína DEAD-box 58/genética , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Viroses/imunologia , Proteína DEAD-box 58/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/genética , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/imunologia , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/imunologia , RNA Helicases/imunologia , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Viroses/genética , Viroses/virologia
8.
Virol Sin ; 35(3): 321-329, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500504

RESUMO

The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global public health emergency. SARS-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative pathogen of COVID-19, is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae. For RNA viruses, virus-encoded RNA helicases have long been recognized to play pivotal roles during viral life cycles by facilitating the correct folding and replication of viral RNAs. Here, our studies show that SARS-CoV-2-encoded nonstructural protein 13 (nsp13) possesses the nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (NTPase) and RNA helicase activities that can hydrolyze all types of NTPs and unwind RNA helices dependently of the presence of NTP, and further characterize the biochemical characteristics of these two enzymatic activities associated with SARS-CoV-2 nsp13. Moreover, we found that some bismuth salts could effectively inhibit both the NTPase and RNA helicase activities of SARS-CoV-2 nsp13 in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, our findings demonstrate the NTPase and helicase activities of SARS-CoV-2 nsp13, which may play an important role in SARS-CoV-2 replication and serve as a target for antivirals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Bismuto/farmacologia , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Helicases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sais/farmacologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/efeitos dos fármacos , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/enzimologia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Metiltransferases/genética , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/genética , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Replicação Viral
9.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 1418-1428, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529952

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, is now causing a tremendous global health concern. Since its first appearance in December 2019, the outbreak has already caused over 5.8 million infections worldwide (till 29 May 2020), with more than 0.35 million deaths. Early virus-mediated immune suppression is believed to be one of the unique characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection and contributes at least partially to the viral pathogenesis. In this study, we identified the key viral interferon antagonists of SARS-CoV-2 and compared them with two well-characterized SARS-CoV interferon antagonists, PLpro and orf6. Here we demonstrated that the SARS-CoV-2 nsp13, nsp14, nsp15 and orf6, but not the unique orf8, could potently suppress primary interferon production and interferon signalling. Although SARS-CoV PLpro has been well-characterized for its potent interferon-antagonizing, deubiquitinase and protease activities, SARS-CoV-2 PLpro, despite sharing high amino acid sequence similarity with SARS-CoV, loses both interferon-antagonising and deubiquitinase activities. Among the 27 viral proteins, SARS-CoV-2 orf6 demonstrated the strongest suppression on both primary interferon production and interferon signalling. Orf6-deleted SARS-CoV-2 may be considered for the development of intranasal live-but-attenuated vaccine against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Exorribonucleases/metabolismo , Interferons/antagonistas & inibidores , Interferons/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/genética , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Endorribonucleases/genética , Exorribonucleases/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interferons/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética
10.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(7): 466-472, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536663

RESUMO

The patient was a 29-year-old male. He took his first steps at two-and-a-half years old, but his physical strength deteriorated and he became non-ambulatory at 12 years old. He had respiratory failure at the age of 20, and finally underwent tracheostomy with invasive positive-pressure ventilation (TPPV). He showed distal dominant muscle weakness and atrophy, including the face. Spinal scoliosis was recognized. He had peripheral predominance of sensory disorders. Nerve conduction studies showed a decrease of compound muscle action potential and a reduction of motor nerve conduction velocity. Sensory nerve action potential was not evoked. In genetic analysis, c.23 C> T (p. T8M) heterozygous mutation was found in the senataxin gene (SETX). Although SETX is a causative gene of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 4 (ALS4), this case suggests that SETX mutation can also cause motor and sensory polyneuropathy.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/genética , Heterozigoto , Enzimas Multifuncionais/genética , Mutação , Polineuropatias/etiologia , Polineuropatias/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/genética , Adulto , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino , Neurônios Motores , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais
11.
Nat Struct Mol Biol ; 27(5): 424-437, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398827

RESUMO

Oncogene activation during tumorigenesis generates DNA replication stress, a known driver of genome rearrangements. In response to replication stress, certain loci, such as common fragile sites and telomeres, remain under-replicated during interphase and subsequently complete locus duplication in mitosis in a process known as 'MiDAS'. Here, we demonstrate that RTEL1 (regulator of telomere elongation helicase 1) has a genome-wide role in MiDAS at loci prone to form G-quadruplex-associated R-loops, in a process that is dependent on its helicase function. We reveal that SLX4 is required for the timely recruitment of RTEL1 to the affected loci, which in turn facilitates recruitment of other proteins required for MiDAS, including RAD52 and POLD3. Our findings demonstrate that RTEL1 is required for MiDAS and suggest that RTEL1 maintains genome stability by resolving conflicts that can arise between the replication and transcription machineries.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Genoma Humano/genética , Mitose , Animais , Linhagem Celular , DNA Helicases/química , DNA Polimerase III/genética , DNA Polimerase III/metabolismo , Instabilidade Genômica , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Camundongos , Enzimas Multifuncionais/genética , Enzimas Multifuncionais/metabolismo , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteína Rad52 de Recombinação e Reparo de DNA/genética , Proteína Rad52 de Recombinação e Reparo de DNA/metabolismo , Recombinases/genética , Recombinases/metabolismo , Ribonuclease H/genética , Ribonuclease H/metabolismo
12.
Gene ; 753: 144810, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470506

RESUMO

Meiotic entry and progression require dynamic regulation of germline gene expression. m6A on mRNAs and recognition by YTHDC2 has been known as post-transcriptional regulatory complex, but the roles of this regulator remain unclear for meiotic initiation and progression in female germ cells (FGCs). This study showed that m6A modification occurred mainly in FGCs rather than ovarian somatic cells (SOMAs), and m6A levels in FGCs increased significantly with meiotic initiation. m6A inhibition suppressed expression of the meiotic markers and affected the percent of FGCs at zygotene, pachytene and diplotene stage respectively. YTHDC2 expression also increased in the same pattern with m6A. Ythdc2 knockdown decreased the percent of STRA8-positive FGCs and altered the percent of FGCs at zygotene and pachytene stage respectively. Taken together, these results suggest that mRNA m6A modification and YTHDC2 expression are essential for meiotic initiation and progression in FGCs.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Meiose/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Adenosina/genética , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Meiose/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Ovário/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética
13.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(9): 998-1006, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401390

RESUMO

The roles of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MACC1-AS1 have been revealed in various tumors. This work aims to explore the roles of lncRNA MACC1-AS1 in the stemness of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and the underlying mechanism. We showed that overexpression of MACC1-AS1 enhanced the stemness of NSCLC cells, which is evident as the increased expression of cancer stem cell transcription factors, ALDH1 activity, and sphere-formation capacity, while knockdown of MACC1-AS1 decreased it. RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that the Hippo pathway was mostly enriched in NSCLC cell with MACC1-AS1 overexpression. Further mRNA and western blot analysis showed that ectopic expression of MACC1-AS1 regulated the expression LATS1/2, the critical regulator of Hippo pathway. Additionally, it was found that MACC1-AS1 interacted with up-frameshift 1 (UPF1) to modulate mRNA decay of LATS1/2. Overexpression of LAST1/2 attenuated the promoting effects of MACC1-AS1 overexpression on the stemness of NSCLC cells. Therefore, our results demonstrate the effects of the novel MACC1-AS1/UPF1/LATS1/2 axis in NSCLC cell stemness.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , RNA Helicases/genética
14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(12): 6855-6873, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406909

RESUMO

Cells limit energy-consuming mRNA translation during stress to maintain metabolic homeostasis. Sequestration of mRNAs by RNA binding proteins (RBPs) into RNA granules reduces their translation, but it remains unclear whether RBPs also function in partitioning of specific transcripts to polysomes (PSs) to guide selective translation and stress adaptation in cancer. To study transcript partitioning under cell stress, we catalogued mRNAs enriched in prostate carcinoma PC-3 cell PSs, as defined by polysome fractionation and RNA sequencing (RNAseq), and compared them to mRNAs complexed with the known SG-nucleator protein, G3BP1, as defined by spatially-restricted enzymatic tagging and RNAseq. By comparing these compartments before and after short-term arsenite-induced oxidative stress, we identified three major categories of transcripts, namely those that were G3BP1-associated and PS-depleted, G3BP1-dissociated and PS-enriched, and G3BP1-associated but also PS-enriched. Oxidative stress profoundly altered the partitioning of transcripts between these compartments. Under arsenite stress, G3BP1-associated and PS-depleted transcripts correlated with reduced expression of encoded mitochondrial proteins, PS-enriched transcripts that disassociated from G3BP1 encoded cell cycle and cytoprotective proteins whose expression increased, while transcripts that were both G3BP1-associated and PS-enriched encoded proteins involved in diverse stress response pathways. Therefore, G3BP1 guides transcript partitioning to reprogram mRNA translation and support stress adaptation.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Arsenitos/toxicidade , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Grânulos Citoplasmáticos/genética , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(12): 6839-6854, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449937

RESUMO

SERRATE/ARS2 is a conserved RNA effector protein involved in transcription, processing and export of different types of RNAs. In Arabidopsis, the best-studied function of SERRATE (SE) is to promote miRNA processing. Here, we report that SE interacts with the nuclear exosome targeting (NEXT) complex, comprising the RNA helicase HEN2, the RNA binding protein RBM7 and one of the two zinc-knuckle proteins ZCCHC8A/ZCCHC8B. The identification of common targets of SE and HEN2 by RNA-seq supports the idea that SE cooperates with NEXT for RNA surveillance by the nuclear exosome. Among the RNA targets accumulating in absence of SE or NEXT are miRNA precursors. Loss of NEXT components results in the accumulation of pri-miRNAs without affecting levels of miRNAs, indicating that NEXT is, unlike SE, not required for miRNA processing. As compared to se-2, se-2 hen2-2 double mutants showed increased accumulation of pri-miRNAs, but partially restored levels of mature miRNAs and attenuated developmental defects. We propose that the slow degradation of pri-miRNAs caused by loss of HEN2 compensates for the poor miRNA processing efficiency in se-2 mutants, and that SE regulates miRNA biogenesis through its double contribution in promoting miRNA processing but also pri-miRNA degradation through the recruitment of the NEXT complex.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Núcleo Celular/genética , Exossomos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Mutação/genética , Precursores de RNA/genética , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , Ribonuclease III/genética
16.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(12): 6943-6953, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463452

RESUMO

ARS2 is a conserved protein centrally involved in both nuclear RNA productive and destructive processes. To map features of ARS2 promoting RNA decay, we utilized two different RNA reporters, one of which depends on direct ARS2 tethering for its degradation. In both cases, ARS2 triggers a degradation phenotype aided by its interaction with the poly(A) tail exosome targeting (PAXT) connection. Interestingly, C-terminal amino acids of ARS2, responsible for binding the RNA 5'cap binding complex (CBC), become dispensable when ARS2 is directly tethered to the reporter RNA. In contrast, the Zinc-finger (ZnF) domain of ARS2 is essential for the decay of both reporters and consistently co-immunoprecipitation analyses reveal a necessity of this domain for the interaction of ARS2 with the PAXT-associated RNA helicase MTR4. Taken together, our results map the domains of ARS2 underlying two essential properties of the protein: its RNP targeting ability and its capacity to recruit the RNA decay machinery.


Assuntos
Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Complexo Multienzimático de Ribonucleases do Exossomo/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Complexo Proteico Nuclear de Ligação ao Cap/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/química , Domínios Proteicos/genética , RNA Helicases/química , RNA Mensageiro/química , RNA Nuclear/química , RNA Nuclear/genética
17.
PLoS Genet ; 16(4): e1008701, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251466

RESUMO

FANCJ helicase mutations are known to cause hereditary breast and ovarian cancers as well as bone marrow failure syndrome Fanconi anemia. FANCJ plays an important role in the repair of DNA inter-strand crosslinks and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination (HR). Nonetheless, the molecular mechanism by which FANCJ controls HR mediated DSB repair is obscure. Here, we show that FANCJ promotes DNA end resection by recruiting CtIP to the sites of DSBs. This recruitment of CtIP is dependent on FANCJ K1249 acetylation. Notably, FANCJ acetylation is dependent on FANCJ S990 phosphorylation by CDK. The CDK mediated phosphorylation of FANCJ independently facilitates its interaction with BRCA1 at damaged DNA sites and promotes DNA end resection by CtIP recruitment. Strikingly, mutational studies reveal that ATP binding competent but hydrolysis deficient FANCJ partially supports end resection, indicating that in addition to the scaffolding role of FANCJ in CtIP recruitment, its helicase activity is important for promoting end resection. Together, these data unravel a novel function of FANCJ helicase in DNA end resection and provide mechanistic insights into its role in repairing DSBs by HR and in genome maintenance.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Endodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Grupos de Complementação da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Humanos , RNA Helicases/genética
18.
Mol Cell ; 78(4): 670-682.e8, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343944

RESUMO

Biomolecular condensates play a key role in organizing RNAs and proteins into membraneless organelles. Bacterial RNP-bodies (BR-bodies) are a biomolecular condensate containing the RNA degradosome mRNA decay machinery, but the biochemical function of such organization remains poorly defined. Here, we define the RNA substrates of BR-bodies through enrichment of the bodies followed by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). We find that long, poorly translated mRNAs, small RNAs, and antisense RNAs are the main substrates, while rRNA, tRNA, and other conserved non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are excluded from these bodies. BR-bodies stimulate the mRNA decay rate of enriched mRNAs, helping to reshape the cellular mRNA pool. We also observe that BR-body formation promotes complete mRNA decay, avoiding the buildup of toxic endo-cleaved mRNA decay intermediates. The combined selective permeability of BR-bodies for both enzymes and substrates together with the stimulation of the sub-steps of mRNA decay provide an effective organization strategy for bacterial mRNA decay.


Assuntos
Caulobacter crescentus/metabolismo , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Organelas/metabolismo , Polirribonucleotídeo Nucleotidiltransferase/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Caulobacter crescentus/genética , Caulobacter crescentus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Endorribonucleases/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Humanos , Complexos Multienzimáticos/genética , Organelas/genética , Polirribonucleotídeo Nucleotidiltransferase/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Antissenso/genética , RNA Antissenso/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA Ribossômico/metabolismo , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/genética , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo
19.
PLoS Genet ; 16(3): e1008317, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187185

RESUMO

RNA Polymerase II (RNAPII) transcription termination is regulated by the phosphorylation status of the C-terminal domain (CTD). The phosphatase Rtr1 has been shown to regulate serine 5 phosphorylation on the CTD; however, its role in the regulation of RNAPII termination has not been explored. As a consequence of RTR1 deletion, interactions within the termination machinery and between the termination machinery and RNAPII were altered as quantified by Disruption-Compensation (DisCo) network analysis. Of note, interactions between RNAPII and the cleavage factor IA (CF1A) subunit Pcf11 were reduced in rtr1Δ, whereas interactions with the CTD and RNA-binding termination factor Nrd1 were increased. Globally, rtr1Δ leads to decreases in numerous noncoding RNAs that are linked to the Nrd1, Nab3 and Sen1 (NNS) -dependent RNAPII termination pathway. Genome-wide analysis of RNAPII and Nrd1 occupancy suggests that loss of RTR1 leads to increased termination at noncoding genes. Additionally, premature RNAPII termination increases globally at protein-coding genes with a decrease in RNAPII occupancy occurring just after the peak of Nrd1 recruitment during early elongation. The effects of rtr1Δ on RNA expression levels were lost following deletion of the exosome subunit Rrp6, which works with the NNS complex to rapidly degrade a number of noncoding RNAs following termination. Overall, these data suggest that Rtr1 restricts the NNS-dependent termination pathway in WT cells to prevent premature termination of mRNAs and ncRNAs. Rtr1 facilitates low-level elongation of noncoding transcripts that impact RNAPII interference thereby shaping the transcriptome.


Assuntos
Códon de Terminação/genética , RNA Polimerase II/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , DNA Helicases/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/genética , Fosforilação/genética , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
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