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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5232, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475402

RESUMO

Disseminated tumor cells often fall into a long term of dormant stage, characterized by decreased proliferation but sustained survival, in distant organs before awakening for metastatic growth. However, the regulatory mechanism of metastatic dormancy and awakening is largely unknown. Here, we show that the epithelial-like and mesenchymal-like subpopulations of breast cancer stem-like cells (BCSCs) demonstrate different levels of dormancy and tumorigenicity in lungs. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR2F1-AS1 (NAS1) is up-regulated in the dormant mesenchymal-like BCSCs, and functionally promotes tumor dissemination but reduces proliferation in lungs. Mechanistically, NAS1 binds to NR2F1 mRNA and recruits the RNA-binding protein PTBP1 to promote internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated NR2F1 translation, thus leading to suppression of ΔNp63 transcription by NR2F1. Furthermore, ΔNp63 downregulation results in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, reduced tumorigenicity and enhanced dormancy of cancer cells in lungs. Overall, the study links BCSC plasticity with metastatic dormancy, and reveals the lncRNA as an important regulator of both processes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Humanos , Sítios Internos de Entrada Ribossomal , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteína de Ligação a Regiões Ricas em Polipirimidinas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445233

RESUMO

MYC is a target of the Wnt signalling pathway and governs numerous cellular and developmental programmes hijacked in cancers. The amplification of MYC is a frequently occurring genetic alteration in cancer genomes, and this transcription factor is implicated in metabolic reprogramming, cell death, and angiogenesis in cancers. In this review, we analyse MYC gene networks in solid cancers. We investigate the interaction of MYC with long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Furthermore, we investigate the role of MYC regulatory networks in inducing changes to cellular processes, including autophagy and mitophagy. Finally, we review the interaction and mutual regulation between MYC and lncRNAs, and autophagic processes and analyse these networks as unexplored areas of targeting and manipulation for therapeutic gain in MYC-driven malignancies.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
3.
Arch Oral Biol ; 129: 105214, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dysregulated DNA methylation is common in cancers and is considered one of the most important triggers in cancer development and progression. The expression and promoter methylation status of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 play a key role in several cancers, but its role is unclear in oral cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of lncRNA H19 as a prognostic biomarker for oral cancer. DESIGNS: The transcript levels and the methylation status of lncRNA H19 in OSCC cell lines and OSCC patient tissues were investigated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Methylation ratio (%) were calculated from the intensity of the MSP in the gel image and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of OSCC patient survival was performed for patients grouped according to the lncRNA H19 promoter methylation ratio. RESULTS: lncRNA H19 was highly expressed and its promoter region was hypomethylated in OSSC cell lines as compared to normal control. Almost all OSCC patients tissues (63 out of 65, 97 %) showed hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 compared to normal oral mucosa tissues. There was a significant correlation between methylation ratio and tumor histopathologic grade. OSCC patients with hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: Hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for oral cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26762, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397721

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Reliable biomarkers are of great significance for the treatment and diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study identified potential prognostic epithelial-mesenchymal transition related lncRNAs (ERLs) by the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database and bioinformatics.The differential expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) was obtained by analyzing the lncRNA data of 370 HCC samples in TCGA. Then, Pearson correlation analysis was carried out with EMT related genes (ERGs) from molecular signatures database. Combined with the univariate Cox expression analysis of the total survival rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, the prognostic ERLs were obtained. Then use "step" function to select the optimal combination of constructing multivariate Cox expression model. The expression levels of ERLs in HCC samples were verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.Finally, we identified 5 prognostic ERLs (AC023157.3, AC099850.3, AL031985.3, AL365203.2, CYTOR). The model showed that these prognostic markers were reliable independent predictors of risk factors (P value <.0001, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.400, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.667-3.454 for OS). In the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis, this prognostic marker is a good predictor of HCC survival (area under the curve of 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years are 0.754, 0.720, 0.704, and 0.662 respectively). We analyzed the correlation of clinical characteristics of these prognostic markers, and the results show that this prognostic marker is an independent factor that can predict the prognosis of HCC more accurately. In addition, by matching with the Molecular Signatures Database, we obtained 18 ERLs, and then constructed the HCC prognosis model and clinical feature correlation analysis using 5 prognostic ERLs. The results show that these prognostic markers have reliable independent predictive value. Bioinformatics analysis showed that these prognostic markers were involved in the regulation of EMT and related functions of tumor occurrence and migration.Five prognostic types of ERLs identified in this study can be used as potential biomarkers to predict the prognosis of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico
5.
Int Heart J ; 62(4): 891-899, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334583

RESUMO

Long-chain noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is a new class of molecular regulators in heart development and disease. However, the role of specific lncRNA in cardiac fibrosis remains to be fully explored. This study aimed to investigate the role and potential mechanism of lncRNA MHRT in myocardial fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI).Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were isolated from a mouse model of MI. The expression levels of MHRT and miR-3185 in the hearts of MI and CFs mice treated with transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) were analyzed by qRT-PCR. The collagen expression was assessed using qRT-PCR and Western blot. Cell proliferation was assessed by performing MTT and EdU assays. The direct interaction between lncRNA and miRNA was analyzed by luciferase assay, RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and RNA pull-down assay.The expression levels of MHRT were raised in MI and CFs mice treated with TGF-ß1. Overexpression of MHRT promoted collagen production and CF proliferation, while silencing of MHRT showed the opposite effect. MiR-3185 was a target gene of MHRT. In addition, overexpression of MHRT reduced the expression levels of miR-3185, and siMHRT reversed the inhibitory effect of TGF-ß1 on the expression of miR-3185. Overexpression of miR-3185 inhibited the upregulation of Col I and Col III induced by TGF-ß1.MHRT promoted cardiac fibrosis after MI through miR-3185 and increased myocardial collagen deposition and promoted myocardial fibrosis.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Colágeno/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445242

RESUMO

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, and usually lethal lung disease and it has been widely accepted that fibroblast proliferation is one of the key characteristics of IPF. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in the pathogenesis of many diseases. In this study, we investigated the role of lncRNA FENDRR on fibroblast proliferation. Human lung fibroblasts stably overexpressing FENDRR showed a reduced cell proliferation compared to those expressing the control vector. On the other hand, FENDRR silencing increased fibroblast proliferation. FENDRR bound serine-arginine rich splicing factor 9 (SRSF9) and inhibited the phosphorylation of p70 ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (PS6K), a downstream protein of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. Silencing SRSF9 reduced fibroblast proliferation. FENDRR reduced ß-catenin protein, but not mRNA levels. The reduction of ß-catenin protein levels in lung fibroblasts by gene silencing or chemical inhibitor decreased fibroblast proliferation. Adenovirus-mediated FENDRR transfer to the lungs of mice reduced asbestos-induced fibrotic lesions and collagen deposition. RNA sequencing of lung tissues identified 7 cell proliferation-related genes that were up-regulated by asbestos but reversed by FENDRR. In conclusion, FENDRR inhibits fibroblast proliferation and functions as an anti-fibrotic lncRNA.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética
7.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7995-8007, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335976

RESUMO

Rationale: The conserved long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) myocardial infarction associate transcript (Miat) was identified for its multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms that are strongly associated with susceptibility to MI, but its role in cardiovascular biology remains elusive. Here we investigated whether Miat regulates cardiac response to pathological hypertrophic stimuli. Methods: Both an angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion model and a transverse aortic constriction (TAC) model were used in adult WT and Miat-null knockout (Miat-KO) mice to induce pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Heart structure and function were evaluated by echocardiography and histological assessments. Gene expression in the heart was evaluated by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blotting. Primary WT and Miat-KO mouse cardiomyocytes were isolated and used in Ca2+ transient and contractility measurements. Results: Continuous Ang II infusion for 4 weeks induced concentric hypertrophy in WT mice, but to a lesser extent in Miat-KO mice. Surgical TAC for 6 weeks resulted in decreased systolic function and heart failure in WT mice but not in Miat-KO mice. In both models, Miat-KO mice displayed reduced heart-weight to tibia-length ratio, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and cardiac interstitial fibrosis and a better-preserved capillary density, as compared to WT mice. In addition, Ang II treatment led to significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression of the Ca2+ cycling genes Sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) and ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2) and a dramatic increase in global RNA splicing events in the left ventricle (LV) of WT mice, and these changes were largely blunted in Miat-KO mice. Consistently, cardiomyocytes isolated from Miat-KO mice demonstrated more efficient Ca2+ cycling and greater contractility. Conclusions: Ablation of Miat attenuates pathological hypertrophy and heart failure, in part, by enhancing cardiomyocyte contractility.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Cardiomegalia/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Fibrose , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109622, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375656

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a frequent form of malignant glioma. Strategic therapeutic approaches to treat this type of brain tumor currently involves a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Nevertheless, survival of GBM patients remains in the 12-15 months range following diagnosis. Development of novel therapeutic approaches for this malignancy is therefore of utmost importance. Interestingly, bee venom and its components have shown promising anti-cancer activities in various types of cancer even though information pertaining to GBMs have been limited. The current work was thus undertaken to better characterize the anti-cancer properties of bee venom and its components in Hs683, T98G and U373 human glioma cells. MTT-based cell viability assays revealed IC50 values of 7.12, 15.35 and 7.60 µg/mL for cell lines Hs683, T98G and U373 treated with bee venom, respectively. Furthermore, melittin treatment of these cell lines resulted in IC50 values of 7.77, 31.53 and 12.34 µg/mL, respectively. Cell viability assessment by flow cytometry analysis confirmed signs of late apoptosis and necrosis after only 1 h of treatment with either bee venom or melittin in all three cell lines. Immunoblotting-based quantification of apoptotic markers demonstrated increased expression of Bak and Bax, while Caspsase-3 levels were significantly lower when compared to control cells. Quantification by qRT-PCR showed increased expression levels of long non-coding RNAs RP11-838N2.4 and XIST in glioma cells treated with either bee venom or melittin. Overall, this study provides preliminary insight on molecular mechanisms via which bee venom and its main components can impact viability of glioma cells and warrants further investigation of its anticancer potential in gliomas.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Meliteno/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Meliteno/toxicidade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Necrose/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfolipases A2/uso terapêutico , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico
9.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7715-7734, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335960

RESUMO

Rationale: Emerging evidence indicates that the growth of blood vessels and osteogenesis is tightly coordinated during bone development. However, the molecular regulators of intercellular communication in the bone microenvironment are not well studied. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether BMMSC-Exo promotes osteogenesis and angiogenesis via transporting lnc-H19 in the CBS- heterozygous mouse model. Methods: Using RT2 lncRNA PCR array screening, we identify a bone-specific, long noncoding RNA-H19 (lncRNA-H19/lnc-H19) in exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC-Exo) during osteogenesis. Using bioinformatics analysis, we further discovered the seed sequence of miR-106a that could bind to lnc-H19. A luciferase reporter assay was performed to demonstrate the direct binding of miR-106a to the target gene angiopoietin 1 (Angpt1). We employed an immunocompromised Nude mouse model, to evaluate the effects of BMMSC-Exo on angiogenesis in vivo. Using a micro-CT scan, we monitored microstructural changes of bone in the experimental mice. Results: BMMSC-Exo possessed exosomal characteristics including exosome size, and typical markers including CD63, CD9, and TSD101. In vitro, BMMSC-Exo significantly promoted endothelial angiogenesis and osteogenesis. Mechanistic studies have shown that exosomal lnc-H19 acts as "sponges" to absorb miR-106 and regulate the expression of angiogenic factor, Angpt1 that activates lnc-H19/Tie2-NO signaling in mesenchymal and endothelial cells. Both of these effects on osteogenesis and angiogenesis are inhibited by antagonizing Tie2 signaling. Treatment of BMMSC-Exo also restored the bone formation and mechanical quality in vivo. Conclusion: These findings provide a novel insight into how the extracellular role of exosomal lnc-H19 affects osteogenesis and angiogenesis through competing endogenous RNA networks.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Angiopoietina-1/genética , Angiopoietina-1/metabolismo , Angiopoietina-1/fisiologia , Animais , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptor TIE-2/metabolismo , Receptor TIE-2/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética
10.
Science ; 373(6555): 662-673, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353949

RESUMO

The functional role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in inherited metabolic disorders, including phenylketonuria (PKU), is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the mouse lncRNA Pair and human HULC associate with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). Pair-knockout mice exhibited excessive blood phenylalanine (Phe), musty odor, hypopigmentation, growth retardation, and progressive neurological symptoms including seizures, which faithfully models human PKU. HULC depletion led to reduced PAH enzymatic activities in human induced pluripotent stem cell-differentiated hepatocytes. Mechanistically, HULC modulated the enzymatic activities of PAH by facilitating PAH-substrate and PAH-cofactor interactions. To develop a therapeutic strategy for restoring liver lncRNAs, we designed GalNAc-tagged lncRNA mimics that exhibit liver enrichment. Treatment with GalNAc-HULC mimics reduced excessive Phe in Pair -/- and Pah R408W/R408W mice and improved the Phe tolerance of these mice.


Assuntos
Fenilalanina Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Fenilcetonúrias/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Acetilgalactosamina , Animais , Biopterina/análogos & derivados , Biopterina/metabolismo , Biopterina/uso terapêutico , Dieta , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/embriologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Fenilalanina/administração & dosagem , Fenilalanina Hidroxilase/deficiência , Fenilalanina Hidroxilase/genética , Fenilcetonúrias/tratamento farmacológico , Fenilcetonúrias/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , RNA Longo não Codificante/química , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/uso terapêutico
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360961

RESUMO

Low oxygen level is a phenomenon often occurring during the cucumber cultivation period. Genes involved in adaptations to stress can be regulated by non-coding RNA. The aim was the identification of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the response to long-term waterlogging stress in two cucumber haploid lines, i.e., DH2 (waterlogging tolerant-WL-T) and DH4 (waterlogging sensitive-WL-S). Plants, at the juvenile stage, were waterlogged for 7 days (non-primed, 1xH), and after a 14-day recovery period, plants were stressed again for another 7 days (primed, 2xH). Roots were collected for high-throughput RNA sequencing. Implementation of the bioinformatic pipeline made it possible to determine specific lncRNAs for non-primed and primed plants of both accessions, highlighting differential responses to hypoxia stress. In total, 3738 lncRNA molecules were identified. The highest number (1476) of unique lncRNAs was determined for non-primed WL-S plants. Seventy-one lncRNAs were depicted as potentially being involved in acquiring tolerance to hypoxia in cucumber. Understanding the mechanism of gene regulation under long-term waterlogging by lncRNAs and their interactions with miRNAs provides sufficient information in terms of adaptation to the oxygen deprivation in cucumber. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report concerning the role of lncRNAs in the regulation of long-term waterlogging tolerance by priming application in cucumber.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica , Cucumis sativus/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 700184, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408749

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has high incidence rates with rapid rate of transmission, is a pandemic that spread across the world, resulting in more than 3,000,000 deaths globally. Currently, several drugs have been used for the clinical treatment of COVID-19, such as antivirals (radecivir, baritinib), monoclonal antibodies (tocilizumab), and glucocorticoids (dexamethasone). Accumulating evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential regulators of virus infections and antiviral immune responses including biological processes that are involved in the regulation of COVID-19 and subsequent disease states. Upon viral infections, cellular lncRNAs directly regulate viral genes and influence viral replication and pathology through virus-mediated changes in the host transcriptome. Additionally, several host lncRNAs could help the occurrence of viral immune escape by inhibiting type I interferons (IFN-1), while others could up-regulate IFN-1 production to play an antiviral role. Consequently, understanding the expression and function of lncRNAs during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection will provide insights into the development of lncRNA-based methods. In this review, we summarized the current findings of lncRNAs in the regulation of the strong inflammatory response, immune dysfunction and thrombosis induced by SARS-CoV-2 infection, discussed the underlying mechanisms, and highlighted the therapeutic challenges of COVID-19 treatment and its future research directions.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Trombose/imunologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/análise , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/genética , Teste para COVID-19/métodos , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/efeitos dos fármacos , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/imunologia , Humanos , Evasão da Resposta Imune/genética , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , RNA Longo não Codificante/análise , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Trombose/genética , Trombose/virologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/genética , Replicação Viral/imunologia
13.
Mol Cell Biol ; 41(9): e0058020, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228494

RESUMO

Cardiac fibrosis is a hallmark of various heart diseases and ultimately leads to heart failure. Although long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG20 has been reported to play important roles in various cancers, its function in cardiac fibrosis remains unclear. The expression of SNHG20 and microRNA 335 (miR-335) in heart tissues of angiotensin II-induced mice and angiotensin II-stimulated mouse cardiomyocyte cell line HL-1 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Cell viability was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assay. The expression of galectin-3, fibrosis-related proteins (fibronectin, collagen IaI, and α-SMA), and apoptosis-related proteins [cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)] was detected by Western blotting. Bioinformatics prediction, luciferase reporter assay, and RNA pulldown assay were performed to determine the relationship between SNHG20 and miR-335 as well as miR-335 and Galectin-3. Gain- and loss-function assays were performed to determine the role of SNHG20/miR-335/Galectin-3 in cardiac fibrosis. SNHG20 was significantly upregulated and miR-335 was downregulated in heart tissues of angiotensin II-treated mice and angiotensin II-stimulated HL-1 cells. Downregulation of SNHG20 effectively enhanced cell viability and decreased cell size of HL-1 cells and the expression levels of fibrosis-related proteins (fibronectin, collagen IaI, and α-SMA) and apoptosis-related proteins (cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP), which were induced by angiotensin II treatment. Furthermore, SNHG20 elevated the expression levels of Galectin-3 by directly regulating miR-335. Our study revealed that downregulation of SNHG20 improved angiotensin II-induced cardiac fibrosis by targeting the miR-335/Galectin-3 axis, suggesting that SNHG20 is a therapeutic target for cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/genética , Galectina 3/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Miocárdio/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Angiotensina II , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Cardiotônicos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Fibrose , Galectina 3/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
14.
Cells ; 10(6)2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204705

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a global pandemic, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) facilitates ACE2-mediated virus entry. Moreover, the expression of ACE2 in the testes of infertile men is higher than normal, which indicates that infertile men may be susceptible to be infected and SARS-CoV-2 may cause reproductive disorder through the pathway induced by ACE2 and TMPRSS2. Little is known about the pathway regulation of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression in male reproductive disorder. Since the regulation of gene expression is mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) at the post-transcriptional level, the aim of this study was to analyze the dysregulated miRNA-lncRNA interactions of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in male reproductive disorder. Using bioinformatics analysis, we speculate that the predicted miRNAs including miR-125a-5p, miR-125b-5p, miR-574-5p, and miR-936 as regulators of ACE2 and miR-204-5p as a modulator of TMPRSS2 are associated with male infertility. The lncRNAs with a tissue-specific expression for testis including GRM7-AS3, ARHGAP26-AS1, BSN-AS1, KRBOX1-AS1, CACNA1C-IT3, AC012361.1, FGF14-IT1, AC012494.1, and GS1-24F4.2 were predicted. The identified miRNAs and lncRNAs are proposed as potential biomarkers to study the possible association between COVID-19 and male infertility. This study encourages further studies of miRNA-lncRNA interactions to explain the molecular mechanisms of male infertility in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Infertilidade Masculina/virologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/fisiologia , COVID-19/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Serina Endopeptidases/fisiologia , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia , Testículo/virologia , Internalização do Vírus
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205766

RESUMO

Due to the high rate of spontaneous abortion (SAB) in porcine pregnancy, there is a major interest and concern on commercial pig farming worldwide. Whereas the perturbed immune response at the maternal-fetal interface is an important mechanism associated with the spontaneous embryo loss in the early stages of implantation in porcine, data on the specific regulatory mechanism of the SAB at the end stage of the implantation remains scant. Therefore, we used high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics tools to analyze the healthy and arresting endometrium on day 28 of pregnancy. We identified 639 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) and 2357 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) at the end stage of implantation, and qRT-PCR was used to verify the sequencing data. Gene set variation analysis (GSVA), gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), and immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated weaker immune response activities in the arresting endometrium compared to the healthy one. Using the lasso regression analysis, we screened the DELs and constructed an immunological competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network related to SAB, including 4 lncRNAs, 11 miRNAs, and 13 genes. In addition, Blast analysis showed the applicability of the constructed ceRNA network in different species, and subsequently determined HOXA-AS2 in pigs. Our study, for the first time, demonstrated that the SAB events at the end stages of implantation is associated with the regulation of immunobiological processes, and a specific molecular regulatory network was obtained. These novel findings may provide new insight into the possibility of increasing the litter size of sows, making pig breeding better and thus improving the efficiency of animal husbandry production.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Suínos/fisiologia , Animais , Implantação do Embrião/imunologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma , Gravidez , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
16.
DNA Cell Biol ; 40(7): 979-987, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227845

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) has been identified as a crucial regulator in neurodegenerative disorders. However, the role and mechanism of XIST in ischemic stroke remain elusive. In our study, we found that XIST expression was upregulated in both mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-treated neurons. Functional assays disclosed that the interference of XIST accelerated viability, and suppressed apoptosis and caspase-3 activity in OGD-treated neurons. Moreover, XIST interacted with miR-98, and miR-98 targeted BTB-to-CNC homology 1 (BACH1). miR-98 silencing or BACH1 overexpression counteracted XIST knockdown-mediated effects on cell viability and apoptosis in OGD-treated neurons. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that XIST facilitated the progression of ischemic stroke through regulating the miR-98/BACH1 axis. These findings might provide a novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke treatment.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , AVC Isquêmico/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , China , Glucose/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4075, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210972

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to regulate DNA damage response (DDR) and genome stability in proliferative cells. However, it remains unknown whether lncRNAs are involved in these vital biological processes in post-mitotic neurons. Here, we report and characterize a lncRNA, termed Brain Specific DNA-damage Related lncRNA1 (BS-DRL1), in the central nervous system. BS-DRL1 is a brain-specific lncRNA and depletion of BS-DRL1 in neurons leads to impaired DDR upon etoposide treatment in vitro. Mechanistically, BS-DRL1 interacts with HMGB1, a chromatin protein that is important for genome stability, and is essential for the assembly of HMGB1 on chromatin. BS-DRL1 mediated DDR exhibits cell-type specificity in the cortex and cerebellum in gamma-irradiated mice and BS-DRL1 knockout mice show impaired motor function and concomitant purkinje cell degeneration. Our study extends the understanding of lncRNAs in DDR and genome stability and implies a protective role of lncRNA against neurodegeneration.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Instabilidade Genômica , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Oxirredutases do Álcool/genética , Animais , Fenômenos Biológicos , Cerebelo , Cromatina , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201896

RESUMO

miR-29b2 and miR-29c play a suppressive role in breast cancer progression. C1orf132 (also named MIR29B2CHG) is the host gene for generating both microRNAs. However, the region also expresses longer transcripts with unknown functions. We employed bioinformatics and experimental approaches to decipher C1orf132 expression and function in breast cancer tissues. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to excise a predicted C1orf132 distal promoter and followed the behavior of the edited cells by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, migration assay, and RNA-seq techniques. We observed that C1orf132 long transcript is significantly downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer. We also identified a promoter for the longer transcripts of C1orf132 whose functionality was demonstrated by transfecting MCF7 cells with a C1orf132 promoter-GFP construct. Knocking-out the promoter by means of CRISPR/Cas9 revealed no alterations in the expression of the neighboring genes CD46 and CD34, while the expression of miR-29c was reduced by half. Furthermore, the promoter knockout elevated the migration ability of the edited cells. RNA sequencing revealed many up- and downregulated genes involved in various cellular pathways, including epithelial to mesenchymal transition and mammary gland development pathways. Altogether, we are reporting here the existence of an additional/distal promoter with an enhancer effect on miR-29 generation and an inhibitory effect on cell migration.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198485

RESUMO

Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) constitute the structural and functional basis for the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and play essential roles in bacterial meningitis. Although the BBB integrity regulation has been under extensive investigation, there is little knowledge regarding the roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in this event. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of one potential lncRNA, lncRSPH9-4, in meningitic E. coli infection of BMECs. LncRSPH9-4 was cytoplasm located and significantly up-regulated in meningitic E. coli-infected hBMECs. Electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) measurement and Western blot assay demonstrated lncRSPH9-4 overexpression in hBMECs mediated the BBB integrity disruption. By RNA-sequencing analysis, 639 mRNAs and 299 miRNAs were significantly differentiated in response to lncRSPH9-4 overexpression. We further found lncRSPH9-4 regulated the permeability in hBMECs by competitively sponging miR-17-5p, thereby increasing MMP3 expression, which targeted the intercellular tight junctions. Here we reported the infection-induced lncRSPH9-4 aggravated disruption of the tight junctions in hBMECs, probably through the miR-17-5p/MMP3 axis. This finding provides new insights into the function of lncRNAs in BBB integrity during meningitic E. coli infection and provides the novel nucleic acid targets for future treatment of bacterial meningitis.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Meningites Bacterianas/genética , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Microvasos/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Permeabilidade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
20.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203457

RESUMO

The extraordinary cellular diversity and the complex connections established within different cells types render the nervous system of vertebrates one of the most sophisticated tissues found in living organisms. Such complexity is ensured by numerous regulatory mechanisms that provide tight spatiotemporal control, robustness and reliability. While the unusual abundance of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in nervous tissues was traditionally puzzling, it is becoming clear that these molecules have genuine regulatory functions in the brain and they are essential for neuronal physiology. The canonical view of RNA as predominantly a 'coding molecule' has been largely surpassed, together with the conception that lncRNAs only represent 'waste material' produced by cells as a side effect of pervasive transcription. Here we review a growing body of evidence showing that lncRNAs play key roles in several regulatory mechanisms of neurons and other brain cells. In particular, neuronal lncRNAs are crucial for orchestrating neurogenesis, for tuning neuronal differentiation and for the exact calibration of neuronal excitability. Moreover, their diversity and the association to neurodegenerative diseases render them particularly interesting as putative biomarkers for brain disease. Overall, we foresee that in the future a more systematic scrutiny of lncRNA functions will be instrumental for an exhaustive understanding of neuronal pathophysiology.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Neurônios/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/fisiopatologia , Neurônios/patologia
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