Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48.509
Filtrar
1.
Elife ; 92020 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164751

RESUMO

Pandemic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus 19 disease (COVID-19) which presents a large spectrum of manifestations with fatal outcomes in vulnerable people over 70-years-old and with hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, COPD, and smoking status. Knowledge of the entry receptor is key to understand SARS-CoV-2 tropism, transmission and pathogenesis. Early evidence pointed to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as SARS-CoV-2 entry receptor. Here, we provide a critical summary of the current knowledge highlighting the limitations and remaining gaps that need to be addressed to fully characterize ACE2 function in SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated pathogenesis. We also discuss ACE2 expression and potential role in the context of comorbidities associated with poor COVID-19 outcomes. Finally, we discuss the potential co-receptors/attachment factors such as neuropilins, heparan sulfate and sialic acids and the putative alternative receptors, such as CD147 and GRP78.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Ligação Viral , Basigina/fisiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Heparitina Sulfato/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Neuropilina-1/fisiologia , Oligopeptídeos/fisiologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Ligação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptores Virais , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Sistema Respiratório/enzimologia , Ácidos Siálicos/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/fisiologia , Internalização do Vírus
2.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240647, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112891

RESUMO

The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 epidemic a public health emergency of international concern on March 11th, 2020, and the pandemic is rapidly spreading worldwide. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which enters human target cells via angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). We used a number of bioinformatics tools to computationally characterize ACE2 by determining its cell-specific expression in trachea, lung, and small intestine, derive its putative functions, and predict transcriptional regulation. The small intestine expressed higher levels of ACE2 mRNA than any other organ. By immunohistochemistry, duodenum, kidney and testis showed strong signals, whereas the signal was weak in the respiratory tract. Single cell RNA-Seq data from trachea indicated positive signals along the respiratory tract in key protective cell types including club, goblet, proliferating, and ciliary epithelial cells; while in lung the ratio of ACE2-expressing cells was low in all cell types (<2.6%), but was highest in vascular endothelial and goblet cells. Gene ontology analysis suggested that, besides its classical role in the renin-angiotensin system, ACE2 may be functionally associated with angiogenesis/blood vessel morphogenesis. Using a novel tool for the prediction of transcription factor binding sites we identified several putative binding sites within two tissue-specific promoters of the ACE2 gene as well as a new putative short form of ACE2. These include several interferon-stimulated response elements sites for STAT1, IRF8, and IRF9. Our results also confirmed that age and gender play no significant role in the regulation of ACE2 mRNA expression in the lung.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Biologia Computacional , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Receptores Virais/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Proteínas de Transporte/biossíntese , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Interferons/fisiologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteases/biossíntese , Metaloproteases/genética , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/biossíntese , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Receptores Virais/biossíntese , Receptores Virais/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Análise de Célula Única , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Sítio de Iniciação de Transcrição , Ligação Viral
3.
Folia Biol (Praha) ; 66(3): 104-110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069189

RESUMO

Cancer development is a highly complicated process in which tumour growth depends on the development of its vascularization system. To support their own growth, tumour cells significantly modify their microenvironment. One of such modifications inflicted by tumours is stimulation of endothelial cell migration and proliferation. There is accumulating evidence that extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by tumour cells (tumour-derived EVs, TEVs) may be regarded as "messengers" with the potential for affecting the biological activities of target cells. Interaction of TEVs with different cell types occurs in an auto- and paracrine manner and may lead to changes in the function of the latter, e.g., promoting motility, proliferation, etc. This study analysed the proangiogenic activity of EVs derived from human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (HPC-4, TEVHPC) in vitro and their effect in vivo on Matrigel matrix vascularization in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. TEVHPC enhanced proliferation of HPC-4 cells and induced their motility. Moreover, TEVHPC stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation and migration in vitro. Additionally, TEVHPC influenced secretion of proangiogenic factors (IL-8, VEGF) by HUVEC cells and supported Matrigel matrix haemoglobinization in vivo. These data show that TEVs may support tumour propagation in an autocrine manner and may support vascularization of the tumour. The presented data are in line with the theory that tumour cells themselves are able to modulate the microenvironment via TEVs to maximize their growth potential.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Animais , Comunicação Autócrina , Divisão Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quimiotaxia , Colágeno , Combinação de Medicamentos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Laminina , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia , Proteoglicanas , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Microambiente Tumoral , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239462, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956413

RESUMO

This study was performed to determine the clinical significance of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-binding protein end-binding 1 (EB1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to characterize its biochemical role in comparison with previous reports. We performed immunohistochemical staining to detect EB1 expression in tissues from 235 patients with HCC and investigated its correlations with clinicopathological features and prognosis. We also investigated the roles of EB1 in cell proliferation, migration, and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo by siRNA- and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated modulation of EB1 expression in human HCC cell lines. The results showed that EB1 expression was significantly correlated with several important factors associated with tumor malignancy, including histological differentiation, portal vein invasion status, and intrahepatic metastasis. Patients with high EB1 expression in HCC tissue had poorer overall survival and higher recurrence rates than patients with low EB1 expression. EB1 knockdown and knockout in HCC cells reduced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Further, genes encoding Dlk1, HAMP, and SLCO1B3 that were differentially expressed in association with EB1 were identified using RNA microarray analysis. In conclusion, elevated expression of EB1 promotes tumor growth and metastasis of HCC. EB1 may serve as a new biomarker for HCC, and genes coexpressed with EB1 may represent potential targets for therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/fisiologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Genes APC , Hepatite Viral Humana/complicações , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Veia Porta/patologia , Prognóstico , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Análise Serial de Tecidos
5.
mBio ; 11(5)2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913009

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is a recently emerged respiratory coronavirus that has infected >23 million people worldwide with >800,000 deaths. Few COVID-19 therapeutics are available, and the basis for severe infections is poorly understood. Here, we investigated properties of type I (ß), II (γ), and III (λ1) interferons (IFNs), potent immune cytokines that are normally produced during infection and that upregulate IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) effectors to limit virus replication. IFNs are already in clinical trials to treat COVID-19. However, recent studies highlight the potential for IFNs to enhance expression of host angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), suggesting that IFN therapy or natural coinfections could exacerbate COVID-19 by upregulating this critical virus entry receptor. Using a cell line model, we found that beta interferon (IFN-ß) strongly upregulated expression of canonical antiviral ISGs, as well as ACE2 at the mRNA and cell surface protein levels. Strikingly, IFN-λ1 upregulated antiviral ISGs, but ACE2 mRNA was only marginally elevated and did not lead to detectably increased ACE2 protein at the cell surface. IFN-γ induced the weakest ISG response but clearly enhanced surface expression of ACE2. Importantly, all IFN types inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in a dose-dependent manner, and IFN-ß and IFN-λ1 exhibited potent antiviral activity in primary human bronchial epithelial cells. Our data imply that type-specific mechanisms or kinetics shape IFN-enhanced ACE2 transcript and cell surface levels but that the antiviral action of IFNs against SARS-CoV-2 counterbalances any proviral effects of ACE2 induction. These insights should aid in evaluating the benefits of specific IFNs, particularly IFN-λ, as repurposed therapeutics.IMPORTANCE Repurposing existing, clinically approved, antiviral drugs as COVID-19 therapeutics is a rapid way to help combat the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Interferons (IFNs) usually form part of the body's natural innate immune defenses against viruses, and they have been used with partial success to treat previous new viral threats, such as HIV, hepatitis C virus, and Ebola virus. Nevertheless, IFNs can have undesirable side effects, and recent reports indicate that IFNs upregulate the expression of host ACE2 (a critical entry receptor for SARS-CoV-2), raising the possibility that IFN treatments could exacerbate COVID-19. Here, we studied the antiviral- and ACE2-inducing properties of different IFN types in both a human lung cell line model and primary human bronchial epithelial cells. We observed differences between IFNs with respect to their induction of antiviral genes and abilities to enhance the cell surface expression of ACE2. Nevertheless, all the IFNs limited SARS-CoV-2 replication, suggesting that their antiviral actions can counterbalance increased ACE2.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon Tipo I/farmacologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interferons/farmacologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Animais , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Interferon Tipo I/efeitos adversos , Interferon gama/efeitos adversos , Interferons/efeitos adversos , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/citologia , Mucosa Respiratória/virologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Vero , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2329-2338, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821971

RESUMO

Patients with the pre-leukemia bone marrow failure syndrome called severe congenital neutropenia (CN) have an approximately 15% risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML; called here CN/AML). Most CN/AML patients co-acquire CSF3R and RUNX1 mutations, which play cooperative roles in the development of AML. To establish an in vitro model of leukemogenesis, we utilized bone marrow lin- cells from transgenic C57BL/6-d715 Csf3r mice expressing a CN patient-mimicking truncated CSF3R mutation. We transduced these cells with vectors encoding RUNX1 wild type (WT) or RUNX1 mutant proteins carrying the R139G or R174L mutations. Cells transduced with these RUNX1 mutants showed diminished in vitro myeloid differentiation and elevated replating capacity, compared with those expressing WT RUNX1. mRNA expression analysis showed that cells transduced with the RUNX1 mutants exhibited hyperactivation of inflammatory signaling and innate immunity pathways, including IL-6, TLR, NF-kappaB, IFN, and TREM1 signaling. These data suggest that the expression of mutated RUNX1 in a CSF3R-mutated background may activate the pro-inflammatory cell state and inhibit myeloid differentiation.


Assuntos
Síndrome Congênita de Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Células Mieloides/patologia , Mielopoese/genética , Neutropenia/congênito , Pré-Leucemia/genética , Receptores de Fator Estimulador de Colônias/genética , Animais , Divisão Celular , Ensaio de Unidades Formadoras de Colônias , Síndrome Congênita de Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/patologia , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neutropenia/genética , Neutropenia/patologia , Pré-Leucemia/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptores de Fator Estimulador de Colônias/fisiologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos
7.
Nature ; 585(7823): 124-128, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32848247

RESUMO

Tight coupling of transcription and translation is considered a defining feature of bacterial gene expression1,2. The pioneering ribosome can both physically associate and kinetically coordinate with RNA polymerase (RNAP)3-11, forming a signal-integration hub for co-transcriptional regulation that includes translation-based attenuation12,13 and RNA quality control2. However, it remains unclear whether transcription-translation coupling-together with its broad functional consequences-is indeed a fundamental characteristic of bacteria other than Escherichia coli. Here we show that RNAPs outpace pioneering ribosomes in the Gram-positive model bacterium Bacillus subtilis, and that this 'runaway transcription' creates alternative rules for both global RNA surveillance and translational control of nascent RNA. In particular, uncoupled RNAPs in B. subtilis explain the diminished role of Rho-dependent transcription termination, as well as the prevalence of mRNA leaders that use riboswitches and RNA-binding proteins. More broadly, we identified widespread genomic signatures of runaway transcription in distinct phyla across the bacterial domain. Our results show that coupled RNAP-ribosome movement is not a general hallmark of bacteria. Instead, translation-coupled transcription and runaway transcription constitute two principal modes of gene expression that determine genome-specific regulatory mechanisms in prokaryotes.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Transcrição Genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas/genética , Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Bacteriano/biossíntese , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Fator Rho/metabolismo , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Riboswitch/genética
8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0233945, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701964

RESUMO

The survival of Listeria (L.) monocytogenes in foods and food production environments (FPE) is dependent on several genes that increase tolerance to stressors; this includes competing with intrinsic bacteria. We aimed to uncover genes that are differentially expressed (DE) in L. monocytogenes sequence type (ST) 121 strain 6179 when co-cultured with cheese rind bacteria. L. monocytogenes was cultivated in broth or on plates with either a Psychrobacter or Brevibacterium isolate from cheese rinds. RNA was extracted from co-cultures in broth after two or 12 hours and from plates after 24 and 72 hours. Broth co-cultivations with Brevibacterium or Psychrobacter yielded up to 392 and 601 DE genes, while plate co-cultivations significantly affected the expression of up to 190 and 485 L. monocytogenes genes, respectively. Notably, the transcription of virulence genes encoding the Listeria adhesion protein and Listeriolysin O were induced during plate and broth co-cultivations. The expression of several systems under the control of the global stress gene regulator, σB, increased during co-cultivation. A cobalamin-dependent gene cluster, responsible for the catabolism of ethanolamine and 1,2-propanediol, was upregulated in both broth and plate co-cultures conditions. Finally, a small non-coding (nc)RNA, Rli47, was induced after 72 hours of co-cultivation on plates and accounted for 50-90% of the total reads mapped to L. monocytogenes. A recent study has shown that Rli47 may contribute to L. monocytogenes stress survival by slowing growth during stress conditions through the suppression of branch-chained amino acid biosynthesis. We hypothesize that Rli47 may have an impactful role in the response of L. monocytogenes to co-cultivation by regulating a complex network of metabolic and virulence mechanisms.


Assuntos
Brevibacterium/metabolismo , Queijo/microbiologia , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Listeria monocytogenes/genética , Propilenoglicol/metabolismo , Psychrobacter/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Aclimatação , Ágar , Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Técnicas de Cocultura , Meios de Cultura , Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Fermentação/genética , Listeria monocytogenes/metabolismo , Listeria monocytogenes/patogenicidade , Plasmídeos , RNA Bacteriano/biossíntese , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/biossíntese , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Virulência/genética
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0233814, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726313

RESUMO

The clinical efficacy for treating of celastrol rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been well-documented, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. Here we explored through what proteins and processes celastrol may act in activated fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients. Differential expression of genes and proteins after celastrol treatment of FLS was examined using RNA sequencing, label-free relatively quantitative proteomics and molecular docking. In this paper, expression of 26,565 genes and 3,372 proteins was analyzed. Celastrol was associated with significant changes in genes that respond to oxidative stress and oxygen levels, as well as genes that stabilize or synthesize components of the extracellular matrix. These results identify several potential mechanisms through which celastrol may inhibit inflammation in RA.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica/métodos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Cromatografia Líquida , Ontologia Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Sinoviócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico
10.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234150, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614830

RESUMO

To investigate a Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) mortality event following a red tide bloom in Southwest Florida, an RNA sequencing experiment was conducted. Gene expression changes in white blood cells were assessed in manatees rescued from a red tide affected area (n = 4) and a control group (n = 7) using RNA sequencing. The genes with the largest fold changes were compared between the two groups to identify molecular pathways related to cellular and disease processes. In total, 591 genes (false discovery rate <0.05) were differentially expressed in the red tide group. Of these, 158 were upregulated and 433 were downregulated. This suggests major changes in white blood cell composition following an exposure to red tide. The most highly upregulated gene, Osteoclast associated 2C immunoglobulin-like receptor (OSCAR), was upregulated 12-fold. This gene is involved in initiating the immune response and maintaining a role in adaptive and innate immunity. The most highly downregulated gene, Piccolo presynaptic cytomatrix protein (PCLO), was downregulated by a factor of 977-fold. This gene is associated with cognitive functioning and neurotransmitter release. Downregulation of this gene in other studies was associated with neuronal loss and neuron synapse dysfunction. Among the cellular pathways that were most affected, immune response, including inflammation, wounds and injuries, cell proliferation, and apoptosis were the most predominant. The pathway with the most differentially expressed genes was the immune response pathway with 98 genes involved, many of them downregulated. Assessing the changes in gene expression associated with red tide exposure enhances our understanding of manatee immune response to the red tide toxins and will aid in the development of red tide biomarkers.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Trichechus manatus/fisiologia , Animais , Buffy Coat/citologia , Florida , Ontologia Genética , Sistema Imunitário , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Toxinas Marinhas/envenenamento , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Neurotoxinas/envenenamento , Oxocinas/envenenamento , Envenenamento/sangue , Envenenamento/reabilitação , Envenenamento/veterinária , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Transcriptoma , Trichechus manatus/sangue , Trichechus manatus/genética , Trichechus manatus/imunologia
11.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2315-2322, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728937

RESUMO

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by lower platelet count resulting from immune cells-mediated platelet clearance. Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressive agent which selectively inhibits T cell activation. Whether tacrolimus plays a role in ITP remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of tacrolimus on ITP in mice. An ITP mouse model was established by injection of rat anti-mouse integrin GPIIb/CD41 immunoglobulin and treated with tacrolimus followed by isolation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma. The mRNA expression of T-bet, GATA3, and Foxp3 was measured by RT-PCR, and level of IFN-γ, IL-12p70, IL-4, IL-13, and TGF-ß in plasma was measured by ELISA. Tacrolimus inhibited antiplatelet antibody-mediated platelet clearance in ITP mouse model. Meanwhile, tacrolimus-treated ITP mice displayed a significant decrease in the mRNA expression of T-bet and plasma level of IFN-γ and IL-12p70 compared with ITP mice but without differences when compared with normal mice. Furthermore, the expression of GATA3, Foxp3, and plasma level of IL-4 and TGF-ß were upregulated in tacrolimus-treated ITP mice without significant differences to normal mice (except TGF-ß). Tacrolimus prevents antiplatelet antibody-mediated thrombocytopenia in ITP mice possibly through regulating T cell differentiations, suggesting it might be a novel approach for preventing ITP.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Animais , Plaquetas/imunologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Isoanticorpos/sangue , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/genética , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
12.
Med Oncol ; 37(7): 59, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474861

RESUMO

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a heterogeneous disease that can be categorized into four major histological subtypes. Its etiology remains poorly understood due mainly to this heterogeneity. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) has been implicated as a risk factor in EOC and has been suggested that may influence the development of specific subtypes. In addition, FSH regulates different aspects of ovarian cancer tumorigenesis. FSH downstream target genes in EOC have not been fully identified. Progranulin (PGRN) overexpression is associated with cell proliferation, invasion, chemoresistance, and shortened overall survival in ovarian cancer. Recently, we demonstrated that PGRN expression is regulated through the PI3K signaling pathway in clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCOC) cells. In contrast, we also demonstrated that PGRN synthesis in serous ovarian cancer (SOC) cells is regulated via PKC but not by the PI3K signaling pathway. Several studies have demonstrated that FSH induces PKC and PI3K activation. Thus, this study was to investigate the effect of FSH on PGRN production in the CCOC cell line TOV-21G as compared to the SOC cell lines SKOV3 and OVCAR3. Cultured TOV-21G, SKOV3, and OVCAR3 cells were incubated with different concentrations of FSH for 48 h. PGRN mRNA and protein expression were assessed by RT-PCR and Western blotting, while PGRN secretion was measured by ELISA. PGRN mRNA and protein expression, as well as PGRN secretion, significantly increased after FSH stimulation in TOV-21G but not in SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. These data indicate that FSH induces PGRN expression and secretion only in CCOC cells. Establishing specific features for CCOC could reveal potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Progranulinas/biossíntese , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Progranulinas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia
13.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233191, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453736

RESUMO

The Ikzf1 locus encodes the lymphoid specific transcription factor Ikaros, which plays an essential role in both T and B cell differentiation, while deregulation or mutation of IKZF1/Ikzf1 is involved in leukemia. Tissue-specific and cell identity genes are usually associated with clusters of enhancers, also called super-enhancers, which are believed to ensure proper regulation of gene expression throughout cell development and differentiation. Several potential regulatory regions have been identified in close proximity of Ikzf1, however, the full extent of the regulatory landscape of the Ikzf1 locus is not yet established. In this study, we combined epigenomics and transcription factor binding along with high-throughput enhancer assay and 4C-seq to prioritize an enhancer element located 120 kb upstream of the Ikzf1 gene. We found that deletion of the E120 enhancer resulted in a significant reduction of Ikzf1 mRNA. However, the epigenetic landscape and 3D topology of the locus were only slightly affected, highlighting the complexity of the regulatory landscape regulating the Ikzf1 locus.


Assuntos
Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Loci Gênicos/fisiologia , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/biossíntese , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Epigenômica , Genes Reporter , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética
14.
Prostate ; 80(10): 731-741, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) occur in more than half of men above 50 years of age. LUTS were traditionally attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and therefore the clinical terminology often uses LUTS and BPH interchangeably. More recently, LUTS were also linked to fibrogenic and inflammatory processes. We tested whether osteopontin (OPN), a proinflammatory and profibrotic molecule, is increased in symptomatic BPH. We also tested whether prostate epithelial and stromal cells secrete OPN in response to proinflammatory stimuli and identified downstream targets of OPN in prostate stromal cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed on prostate sections obtained from the transition zone of patients who underwent surgery (Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate) to relieve LUTS (surgical BPH, S-BPH) or patients who underwent radical prostatectomy to remove low-grade prostate cancer (incidental BPH, I-BPH). Images of stained tissue sections were captured with a Nuance Multispectral Imaging System and histoscore, as a measure of OPN staining intensity, was determined with inForm software. OPN protein abundance was determined by Western blot analysis. The ability of prostate cells to secrete osteopontin in response to IL-1ß and TGF-ß1 was determined in stromal (BHPrS-1) and epithelial (NHPrE-1 and BHPrE-1) cells by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure gene expression changes in these cells in response to OPN. RESULTS: OPN immunostaining and protein levels were more abundant in S-BPH than I-BPH. Staining was distributed across all cell types with the highest levels in epithelial cells. Multiple OPN protein variants were identified in immortalized prostate stromal and epithelial cells. TGF-ß1 stimulated OPN secretion by NHPrE-1 cells and both IL-1ß and TGF-ß1 stimulated OPN secretion by BHPrS-1 cells. Interestingly, recombinant OPN increased the mRNA expression of CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL8, PTGS2, and IL6 in BHPrS-1, but not in epithelial cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: OPN is more abundant in prostates of men with S-BPH compared to men with I-BPH. OPN secretion is stimulated by proinflammatory cytokines, and OPN acts directly on stromal cells to drive the synthesis of proinflammatory mRNAs. Pharmacological manipulation of prostatic OPN may have the potential to reduce LUTS by inhibiting both inflammatory and fibrotic pathways.


Assuntos
Osteopontina/biossíntese , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Quimiocinas CXC/biossíntese , Quimiocinas CXC/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/biossíntese , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Interleucina-6/genética , Masculino , Osteopontina/genética , Hiperplasia Prostática/genética , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia
15.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 21(12): 1242-1248, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A reduced concentration of adiponectin is considered as an independent factor of the risk of inducing endometrial cancer. Cisplatin is a drug used in the therapy of this type of neoplasm. However, knowledge of the effects of cisplatin on the adiponectin level is still limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of cisplatin depending on the concentration and time of exposition of the cells to the drug on the adiponectin level in the endometrial cancer cell line. METHODS: Cells of endometrial cancer cell line Ishikawa were exposed for 12,24 and 48 hour periods to cisplatin with the following concentrations: 2.5µM, 5µM, 10µM. The changes in the expression profile of adiponectin were compared to the RtqPCR reaction and ELISA test. The STATISTICA 13.0 PL program was used for statistical analysis (p<0.05). RESULTS: In the culture without the drug, the concentration of adiponectin was statistically lower than in the cell culture incubated with the drug. Changes on the mRNA level seem to be more specific than on the protein level, although in both cases, the same trend in the expression changes was noted. DISCUSSION: The longer the time of exposition of the cells to the drug, the expression of mRNA, and the adiponectin protein increased. Changes in the expression profile were characterized statistically (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Cisplatin, in a noticeable way, changes the expression profile of adiponectin. Molecular analysis indicated that in the case of endometrial cancer therapy should be implemented with a concentration of no less than 5 µM.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/biossíntese , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Adiponectina/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Feminino , Humanos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19054, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243356

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), a form of lung cancer, is reported to cause first and second-order cancer morbidity to men and women in China, respectively. We assessed the mRNA expression of GJB2 in LUAD patients in our study, based on data acquired from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and so as to increase further knowledge into the biological pathways involved in LUAD pathogenesis related to GJB2.Information on gene expression and comparing clinical data were recognized and downloaded from TCGA. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) created an arranged list of all genes is indicated by their connection with GJB2 expression.Our study cohort included 265 (54.5%) female and 221 (36.0%) male patients. The scatter plot and paired plot showed the difference of GJB2 expression between normal and tumor samples (P < .01). Overall survival (OS) analysis demonstrated that LUAD with GJB2 -high had a more terrible prognosis than that with GJB2 -low (P < .01). Multivariate analysis with the cox proportional hazards model indicated that the expression of Cx26 (HR: 1.00; 95%CI: 1.00-1.01; P = .041) and stage (HR: 1.95; 95%CI: 1.23-3.09; P = .003) were independent prognostic factors for patients with LUAD. The GSEA results showed that cytosolic DNA sensing pathway, apoptosis, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, toll-like receptor signaling pathway, small cell lung cancer and pathways in cancer are differentially enriched in GJB2 high expression phenotype.Our study confirmed the significantly high levels of Cx26 expression in LUAD patients with several observed clinical features. GJB2 may be a potentially useful prognostic molecular biomarker of bad survival in LUAD, while further experimental ought to be performed to demonstrate the biologic effect of GJB2.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Conexinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/fisiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 21(11): 1119-1128, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Semaphorin 3F (SEMA3F) plays a substantial role in carcinogenesis, because of its role in inducing angiogenesis, and creating a microenvironment for the developing tumor. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to assess the impact of cisplatin, depending on the concentration and exposure time on the expression pattern of SEMA3F in an endometrial cancer cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cultures of the Ishikawa endometrial cancer cells were incubated with cisplatin with the following concentrations: 2.5µM; 5µM; and 10µM and for the following periods of time: 12; 24; and 48 hours. Cells not incubated with the drug constituted the control in the experiment. To determine the effect of cisplatin on the expression of SEMA3F, the real-time quantitative reverse transcription reaction (RtqPCR; mRNA) was used, as well as the ELISA assay (protein). The statistical analysis was done with the admission of p<0.05. RESULTS: The silencing of SEMA3F expression on the transcriptome and proteome levels in a culture unexposed to the effects of cisplatin in comparison to endometrial cancer cells under the influence of cisplatin (p<0.05) were noted. Along with an increase in the concentration of the drug used, the number of copies of the gene transcript, during the shortest incubation period had a gradual increase. Only for the highest concentration of the drug, substantial statistical differences in the expression of the SEMA3F protein between 24 and 48 hour incubation periods (p<0.05) were determined. CONCLUSION: Using cisplatin in an endometrial cancer cell culture results in an increased expression of SEMA3F, which advantageously affects the normalization of the neoplastic angiogenic process and lowers the proliferation of the cells making up the mass of the tumor.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Cancer Res ; 80(11): 2230-2242, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213542

RESUMO

Endocrine therapy is standard treatment for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, yet long-term treatment often causes acquired resistance, which results in recurrence and metastasis. Recent studies have revealed that RNA-binding proteins (RBP) are involved in tumorigenesis. Here, we demonstrate that PSF/SFPQ is an RBP that potentially predicts poor prognosis of patients with ER-positive breast cancer by posttranscriptionally regulating ERα (ESR1) mRNA expression. Strong PSF immunoreactivity correlated with shorter overall survival in patients with ER-positive breast cancer. PSF was predominantly expressed in a model of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells, and depletion of PSF attenuated proliferation of cultured cells and xenografted tumors. PSF expression was significantly associated with estrogen signaling. PSF siRNA downregulated ESR1 mRNA by inhibiting nuclear export of the RNA. Integrative analyses of microarray and RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing also identified SCFD2, TRA2B, and ASPM as targets of PSF. Among the PSF targets, SCFD2 was a poor prognostic indicator of breast cancer and SCFD2 knockdown significantly suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation. Collectively, this study shows that PSF plays a pathophysiologic role in ER-positive breast cancer by posttranscriptionally regulating expression of its target genes such as ESR1 and SCFD2. Overall, PSF and SCFD2 could be potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets for primary and hormone-refractory breast cancers. SIGNIFICANCE: This study defines oncogenic roles of RNA-binding protein PSF, which exhibits posttranscriptional regulation in ER-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Fator de Processamento Associado a PTB/genética , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fator de Processamento Associado a PTB/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia
20.
Nature ; 579(7799): 409-414, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188942

RESUMO

Plants are essential for life and are extremely diverse organisms with unique molecular capabilities1. Here we present a quantitative atlas of the transcriptomes, proteomes and phosphoproteomes of 30 tissues of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Our analysis provides initial answers to how many genes exist as proteins (more than 18,000), where they are expressed, in which approximate quantities (a dynamic range of more than six orders of magnitude) and to what extent they are phosphorylated (over 43,000 sites). We present examples of how the data may be used, such as to discover proteins that are translated from short open-reading frames, to uncover sequence motifs that are involved in the regulation of protein production, and to identify tissue-specific protein complexes or phosphorylation-mediated signalling events. Interactive access to this resource for the plant community is provided by the ProteomicsDB and ATHENA databases, which include powerful bioinformatics tools to explore and characterize Arabidopsis proteins, their modifications and interactions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/análise , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/química , Arabidopsis/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteoma/análise , Proteoma/química , Proteômica , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/anatomia & histologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/biossíntese , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Especificidade de Órgãos , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Fosfoproteínas/química , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosforilação , Proteoma/biossíntese , Proteoma/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transcriptoma
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA