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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 393-399, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893436

RESUMO

Although the existence of the primo vasculature system has been shown in many species, including mice, rats, rabbits and humans, the biological role of this system, including expression of genes and proteins, has not yet been investigated. Especially the transcriptional action by mRNA, which is required for biological action, needs to be studied in primo vasculature biology. Differentially expressed genes in both isolated primo vessels and lymphatic vessels of rabbits were analyzed by RNA sequencing experiments. Primer efficiency and RNA purity of the primo vessels under lipopolysaccharides were confirmed prior to performing real-time qRT-PCR analysis following RNA extraction. We demonstrated that FLT4 was enriched in primo vessels and that several genes, including HSPH1 and EPHB2, were highly expressed in primo vessels compared with lymphatic vessels. Our data show that almost all genes, except HSPA4, were increased or sustained in isolated primo vessels compared with lymphatic vessels (FLT4 2.58 fold, HSPH1 1.83 fold, EPHB2 1.52 fold; whereas HSPA4 decreased 0.50 fold), suggesting primo vessels as a central regulator in diverse physiology. This implies that FLT4, HSPH1, and EPHB2 in high amounts may be involved in the functional activity of primo vessels. Our experimental data show that several genes are highly enriched in primo vessels in the lymphatic vessels of the rabbit.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Vasos Linfáticos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Animais , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP110/genética , Vasos Linfáticos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Coelhos , Receptor EphB2/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
2.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(1): 171-177, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476130

RESUMO

We tested the hypothesis that α-lactalbumin inhibits the disruption of intestinal barrier function and liver cirrhosis by restoring gut-liver axis function in thioacetamide (TAA) -treated rats. Rat diets were supplemented with α-lactalbumin replacing 50% of dietary protein. After consuming α-lactalbumin for one week, rats were intraperitoneally injected with TAA twice a week for 14 weeks. The α-lactalbumin-enriched diet significantly inhibited the elevation of plasma alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and hyaluronic acids. The supplement significantly reduced plasma lipopolysaccharide levels and increased occludin mRNA level. Hepatic fibrosis and regenerative nodules was developed and intestinal villi were shortened by TAA; α-Lactalbumin attenuated these histopathological changes. These results indicated that α-lactalbumin improved intestinal barrier function, suppressing endotoxin levels. These data also suggested that α-lactalbumin ameliorated the impairment of the gut-liver axis by TAA, inhibiting the development of liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactalbumina/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/dietoterapia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Tioacetamida/farmacologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Hialurônico/sangue , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/prevenção & controle , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tioacetamida/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/genética
3.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 14-16, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434698

RESUMO

AIMS: Untranslated regions (UTRs) play an important role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, including by modulating messenger RNA (mRNA) transport out of the nucleus, translation efficiency, subcellular localisation and stability. Any mutation in this region could alter the stability of mRNA and thereby affect protein synthesis. We analysed if a mutation located in the α complex protected region of the α1 globin gene could cause non-deletional α-thalassaemia by affecting post-transcriptional stability (mRNA stability). METHODS: A total of 14 patients without anaemia, normal or slight microcytosis and hypochromia (medium concentration haemoglobin [MCH] <27 pg) were studied. Haemoglobin subtypes were screened using capillary zone electrophoresis and ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (VARIANT II ß-Thalassaemia Short Program). The most common α-globin mutations were identified by multiplex PCR (Alpha-Globin StripAssay kit) and the molecular characterisation by automatic sequencing of alpha globin genes. RESULTS: All of them shown a novel transversion mutation in nt 778 (C>A), which is located in the 3' UTR in the α complex protected region [HBA1: c.*+46C>A]. CONCLUSIONS: This mutation is in the αRNAmin binding site, so a single nucleotide substitution in this region can decrease mRNA stability by potentially compromising the binding of α-complex protein to αRNAmin, favouring the decay of α-globin mRNA via erythroid cell-enriched endoribonuclease cleavage. In this case, it is a non-deletional α-thalassaemia. However, in silico and empirical studies predicted that it could be a silent polymorphism. Functional studies should be carried out to confirm whether it is a pathological mutation or a silent polymorphism.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Mutação , Polimorfismo Genético , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , alfa-Globinas/genética , Talassemia alfa/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Fenótipo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , alfa-Globinas/metabolismo , Talassemia alfa/sangue , Talassemia alfa/diagnóstico
4.
Yi Chuan ; 41(12): 1129-1137, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857284

RESUMO

Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a highly conserved metallopeptidase that functions in the catabolism of bioactive peptides. In our previous study, we identified a putative circular transcript in that chicken insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) gene through analyzing a high throughput sequencing result. Here we set to confirm the circular transcript of IDE (circIDE) and explore its expression regularity in normal barred Plymouth chicken. The circIDE was confirmed by PCR amplification and sequencing. The circular structure of circIDE was determined by RNase R processing and reverse transcription experiments. Then we analyzed the spatiotemporal expression pattern of circIDE and IDE mRNA and compared the differential expression of circIDE and IDE mRNA in the normal barred Plymouth chicken and the dwarf ones. The results showed that the full length of chicken circIDE was 1332 nt, divided form exon 2-11 of the IDE gene. RNase R tolerance analysis showed that chicken circIDE had the general characteristics of circular molecule, and was highly resistant to RNase R. The random primers had higher transcription efficiency than the oligo-d(T)18 primers, confirming that circIDE is a circular structured molecule without poly(A). circIDE was highly expressed in the liver and heart tissues but less in the muscle tissues of leg and breast in normal chickens at the age of 1 and 12 weeks. The expression profile of circIDE in liver tissue showed that circIDE level was lower in1 to 6 weeks and then became higher after 8 weeks of age. The expression of circIDE in liver tissue was significantly higher in normal chicken than that in dwarf barred Plymouth chicken (P<0.05). This study confirmed a circIDE strucutre in chicken IDE gene and uncovered its expression regularity. We demonstrated that the expression level of circIDE in the liver tissue was higher in normal barred Plymouth chicken compared to dwarf species. This study paves the way for further understanding the biological function of chicken circIDE, including its roles in regulating chicken growth and development.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Clonagem Molecular , Insulisina , Animais , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Insulisina/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética
5.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 609-614, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699190

RESUMO

Objective To detect the methylation status of SALL3 gene promoter region in normal cervical tissues,cervical cancer tissues,and cervical cancer cell lines and thus explore the relationship between methylation status and the expression of SALL3 gene.Methods The DNA methylation statuses of SALL3 gene in normal cervical,cervical cancer tissues and cervical cancer cell lines were analyzed by methylation-specific PCR(MS-PCR).The expressions of SALL3 mRNA in cervical cancer cell lines,cervical cancer tissues,and normal cervical tissues were detected by RT-PCR.Results In cervical cancer and matched peri-carcinomatous samples,the methylation levels of SALL3 were up-regulated(CCa vs.CCap:P=0.046;CCa vs.NC P=0.039)and the protein expressions were down-regulated(CCa vs.CCap:P=0.012;CCa vs.NC P=0.000)when compared with normal cervix samples.The mRNA levels of SALL3 in HeLa and SiHa cells treated with 5-Azacytidine were elevated in a dose-dependent manner(HeLa:P=0.001;SiHa:P=0.002).The methylation level of SALL3 was higher in high risk human papillomavirus(HPV)-positive cervical samples than in HPV-negative cervical samples(P=0.014),which also resulted in a descending SALL3 expression in HPV-positive samples(P=0.021).Conclusions The hypermethylation of SALL3 in promoter regions inhibits the expression of SALL3 in cervical cancer tissue samples.Infection with high-risk HPV serotypes may increase the methylation of SALL3 promoter region,silence its expression,and thus promote the development of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5943-5951, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the function of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA expression levels of PRAME were analyzed in resected esophageal tissues of 150 ESCC patients and correlated with clinicopathological parameters. We also investigated the potential function of PRAME by analyzing coordinately expressed genes in 13 ESCC cell lines. RESULTS: RT-qPCR analysis of clinical samples revealed aberrantly high PRAME expression in tumors compared with normal esophageal tissues. High PRAME expression was significantly associated with shorter disease-specific survival and hematogenous recurrence, but not with overall recurrence. The cumulative incidence of hematogenous recurrence was significantly greater for patients with high compared to those with low PRAME expression. In vitro, PCR array analysis revealed that PRAME was coordinately expressed with EGFR, ITGB, and TCF3. CONCLUSION: PRAME is overexpressed in ESCC tissues and may serve as a novel biomarker for predicting hematogenous recurrence.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(3): 347-354, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of sirtuins as a pathogenetic element of some mental disorders is becoming increasingly more common. They participate in many cellular processes, such as ageing, transcription, apoptosis, inflammatory processes, post-translational modification of proteins, gene transcription silencing, activation of DNA repair mechanisms, and regulation of many metabolic processes. The aim of this paper is to verify the statistical hypothesis assuming the difference in expression at the level of mRNA in genes for sirtuins 1-7 between patients with recurrent depressive disorders (rDD) and patients from the control group, and the hypothesis assuming the relation between the expression at the level of mRNA for these genes and clinical variables in the course of recurrent depressive disorders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 198 individuals took part in the study (rDD gropup, N=99; control group, N=99). RESULTS: SIR-1 and SIR-6 expression at the mRNA level was significantly higher among the people with rDD as compared to the subjects from the control group. A reversed relationship was observed for SIR-2, SIR-3, SIR-4 and SIR-5. Statistically significant correlations were observed only in the case of SIR-1 and the number of depression episodes (negative relationship), as well as SIR-5 and the severity of depression measured by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (positive relationship). CONCLUSIONS: Expression at the mRNA level for selected sirtuins is a factor that significantly differentiates people with depressive episodes from healthy ones. SIR-1 and SIR-6 expression at the mRNA level was significantly higher among the people with depression as compared to the subjects from the control group. A reversed relationship (also statistically significant) was observed for SIR-2, SIR-3, SIR-4 and SIR-5.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Sirtuínas/genética , Doença Crônica , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/genética
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5361-5367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The mechanism responsible for B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) down-regulation in breast carcinoma remains unknown. We examined the BTG1 expression status in breast carcinoma cells and investigated the mechanism underlying the observed alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four breast carcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7), and one normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) were analyzed. BTG1 expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. Methylation status of the BTG1 promoter was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To investigate the effect of methylation on BTG1, the cells were treated with a demethylating agent. RESULTS: The carcinoma cells expressed significantly lower levels of BTG1 mRNA and protein than normal cells. The BTG1 promoter was highly methylated in the carcinoma cells. 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine significantly restored BTG1 expression. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of BTG1 expression through epigenetic repression is involved in mammary carcinogenesis. BTG1 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5715-5720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The PRKCI gene encodes Protein kinase C iota. The overexpression of protein kinase C iota is associated with poor outcomes in patients with gastric and other cancers, but the role of the PRKCI gene in gastric cancer is not fully understood. Thus, we evaluated the clinical significance of PRKCI gene expression in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRKCI mRNA expression levels in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 398 patients with gastric cancer were measured. Relationships between PRKCI gene expression and clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Overall survival was lower in patients with a high expression of PRKCI than in those with low expression (p=0.016). No other relationships were observed. A high PRKCI expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor (p=0.036, HR=1.44, 95%CI=1.02-2.02). CONCLUSION: PRKCI gene expression in cancerous tissue might be a useful prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica/genética , Isoenzimas/genética , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
10.
J Microbiol ; 57(10): 910-917, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571126

RESUMO

Studies have shown that many enzymes involved in glycolysis are upregulated in Escherichia coli endoribonuclease G (rng) null mutants. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the RNase G-associated regulation of glycolysis have not been characterized. Here, we show that RNase G cleaves the 5' untranslated region of triosephosphate isomerase A (tpiA) mRNA, leading to destabilization of the mRNA in E. coli. Nucleotide substitutions within the RNase G cleavage site in the genome resulted in altered tpiA mRNA stability, indicating that RNase G activity influences tpiA mRNA abundance. In addition, we observed that tpiA expression was enhanced, whereas that of RNase G was decreased, in E. coli cells grown anaerobically. Our findings suggest that RNase G negatively regulates tpiA mRNA abundance in response to oxygen availability in E. coli.


Assuntos
Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Triose-Fosfato Isomerase/genética , Endorribonucleases/genética , Escherichia coli/química , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/química , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Triose-Fosfato Isomerase/metabolismo
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(35): 2761-2767, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550799

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mechanisms of lncRNA on the occurrence and development of NOA by constructing ceRNA regulation network of lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA. Methods: Samples of adult human testis were obtained from NOA patients and OA patients with normal spermatogenesis (controls), recruited from the Reproductive Medicine Center of Nanfang Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in testicular tissues from patients with NOA were identified by microarray analysis in previous association study. In this study, differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNA were used to construct the ceRNA regulatory network in NOA and clarify the interaction relationship among lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA. GeneMANIA database was used to construct Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) of the mRNAs in ceRNA regulatory network. WebGestalt toolkit was employed to perform gene function and pathway enrichment analyses of those coding genes. Finally, qRT-PCR and dual luciferase reporter system were employed for further experimental validation. Results: The ceRNA regulatory network of lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA consists of 21 nodes and 26 edges, of which 4 lncRNAs, 13 miRNAs and 4 mRNAs. 19 proteins were found to interact with the mRNA coding proteins in ceRNA regulatory network by PPI analysis. Gene oncology and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses indicate these coding genes were significantly enriched in pentose metabolic process and pentose phosphate pathway. Furthermore, lncRNA ANXA2P3 was found binding with miR-613 and miR-206 to inhibit mRNA TKT expression. Conclusion: lncRNAs exert an important role in the occurrence and development of NOA via ceRNA regulatory network, which could be used as new biomarkers for NOA treatment.


Assuntos
Azoospermia/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
12.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(11): 2713-2723, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the development of tumors, tumors "educate" platelets causing changes in their mRNAs expression profiles and phenotypes, thereby, tumor-educated platelet (TEP) mRNA profile has the potential to diagnose lung cancer. The current study aimed to examine whether TEPs might be a potential biomarker for lung cancer diagnostics. METHODS: Platelet precipitation was obtained by low-speed centrifugation and subjected to Trizol for total RNA extraction. Platelet MAX, MTURN, and HLA-B mRNA were selected by microarray, validated by qPCR, and analyzed combined with related clinical factors. RESULTS: Our results showed that a three-platelet mRNA set: MAX, MTURN, and HLA-B was significantly up-regulated in lung cancer patients as well as in early-stage lung cancer patients compared with those from healthy donors, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.734, 0.787, respectively, among which platelet MTURN mRNA processed a dramatically high diagnostic efficiency in female patients with lung cancer, its AUC for female was 0.825. More importantly, the three-platelet mRNA set: MAX, MTURN, and HLA-B was associated with chemotherapeutic effect, low mRNA expression of this three-platelet set was correlated with "favorable" first chemotherapy response. CONCLUSIONS: A three-platelet mRNA set: MAX, MTURN and HLA-B enables blood-based lung cancer diagnosis and chemotherapy response prediction.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Antígenos HLA-B/sangue , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/sangue , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética
13.
Med Oncol ; 36(11): 91, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560089

RESUMO

The vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor-1(VIPR1) has prominent growth effects on a number of common neoplasms. However, there were contradictions in the effect cross different cancers. We aimed to explore the effect of VIPR1 overexpression on a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line H1299. GEO dataset was used to screen differentially expressed genes in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. The expression of VIPR1 mRNA was determined in the cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to determine VIPR1 protein expression in lung adenocarcinoma and corresponding adjacent tissues (n = 22). Fluorescence real-time quantitative PCR detected the expression of VIPR1 in human normal lung epithelial cell line BEAS-2B and lung adenocarcinoma cell line H1299. Overexpression strategies were employed to assess functions of VIPR1 expression on several malignant phenotypes in H1299. The expression of VIPR1 was lower in lung adenocarcinoma tissues than that in adjacent tissues. Compared with the normal lung epithelial cells BEAS-2B, VIPR1 was down-regulated in lung cancer cells H1299 (P < 0.05). After the overexpression of VIPR1, we found that VIPR1 significantly inhibited growth, migration, and invasion of H1299 cells (P < 0.05). Our findings point out the tumor suppressor roles of VIPR1 in human LUAD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Receptores Tipo I de Polipeptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptores Tipo I de Polipeptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/biossíntese , Regulação para Cima
14.
Aquat Toxicol ; 215: 105286, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479757

RESUMO

Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an environmental pollutant with increasing importance due to its high toxicity to fish and aquatic animals. In the present study, we divided 120 common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) into two groups including control group and CPF group, CPF group was exposed to 14.5 µg/L CPF for 30 d. 17 miRNAs were differentially expressed in CPF group head kidney tissues according to the results of miRNAome analysis. In addition, histopathological examination and electron microscopy proved that CPF exposure could lead to damage of head kidney and obvious apoptosis characteristics. The possible target genes of miRNA were predicted using online target gene prediction websites, miRNAome sequencing, GO and KEGG enrichment. miRNAome results showed that expression of miR-731 and miR-2188-3p in CPF group was 0.48 time and 0.45 time as control group, respectively. qRT-PCR results proved the reality of miRNAome. During CPF exposure, mRNA expression of TLR pathway genes and its downstream genes involved in autophagy and apoptosis pathway including TLR1, TLR2, TLR7, TLR9, MyD88, IRAK1, IRAK4, IRF7, PI3K, AKT, mTOR, Caspase3, Caspase8 and Bax were differentially increased under CPF exposure, along with ATG13 and Bcl2 decreased at the same time. Western blot results indicated that apoptosis related protein Caspase3 and Caspase8 were differentially up-regulated in the CPF group. In summary, CPF exposure could induce apoptosis while inhibited autophagy in head kidney of common carp via the regulation of miR-2188-3p and miR-731 by targeting TLR pathway. These results provide new insights for unveiling the biological effects of CPF and miRNAs in common carp.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Carpas/genética , Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Rim Cefálico/lesões , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ontologia Genética , Rim Cefálico/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim Cefálico/metabolismo , Rim Cefálico/ultraestrutura , MicroRNAs/química , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
15.
Microbiol Res ; 229: 126319, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479952

RESUMO

Methionine is critical for variety of metabolic processes in biological organisms, acting as a precursor or intermediate for many final products. The last step for the synthesis of methionine is the methylation of homocysteine, which is catalyzed by MetE. Here, we use Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 to study the regulation of the metE+ gene by an anaerobically induced small non-coding RNA-FnrS, the expression of which is strictly dependent on the anaerobic regulator-FNR. The MetE-HA protein was expressed at an increased level in the fnrS- and hfq- deficient strains under anaerobic conditions. The Hfq protein is predicted to stabilize the binding between small RNA(s) and their target mRNA(s). A transcriptional (op) and translational (pr) metE::lacZ fusion gene were separately constructed, with the metE+-promoter fused to a lacZ reporter gene. In an anaerobic environment, the metE::lacZ (pr) fusion gene and reverse transcription-PCR identified that FnrS and/or FNR negatively regulate metE+ mRNA levels in the rich media. Analysis of FnrS revealed a sequence complementary to the 5' mRNA translational initiation region (TIR) of the metE+ gene. Mutation(s) predicted to disrupt base pairing between FnrS and metE+ TIR were constructed in fnrS, and most of those resulted in the loss of repressive activity. When compensatory mutation(s) were made in metE+ 5' TIR to restore base pairing with FnrS, the repressive regulation was completely restored. Therefore, in this study, we identified that in anaerobic phase, there is a repression of metE+ gene expression by FnrS and that base-paring, between both expressive transcripts, plays an important role for this negative regulation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Metiltransferases/genética , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Salmonella typhimurium/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Pareamento de Bases , Sequência de Bases , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Metiltransferases/química , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/química , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/química , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Salmonella typhimurium/genética , Salmonella typhimurium/metabolismo
16.
Gene ; 721: 144100, 2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BRCA) is the most prevalent cancer that threatens female health. A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the non-negligible effects of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) on biological processes involved in cancers; however, there is no definite conclusion regarding the role of mRNAs in predicting the prognosis of BRCA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically screened the mRNA expression landscape and clinical data of samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Univariate Cox analysis and robust likelihood-based survival analysis were conducted to identify key mRNAs associated with BRCA. Furthermore, risk scores based on multivariate Cox analysis divided the training set into high-risk and low-risk groups. ROC analysis determined the optimal cut-off point for patient classification of risk levels. The prognostic model was additionally validated in the testing set and complete dataset. Finally, we plotted the survival curves for the mRNAs used in our model. RESULTS: We obtained the original expression data of 13,617 mRNAs from a total of 1088 samples. After comprehensive survival analysis, the four-mRNA (ACSL1, OTUD3, PKD1L2, and WISP1) prognosis risk assessment model was constructed. Furthermore, the area under cure (AUC) was 0.834, indicating that the model was meaningful and reasonable. In each dataset, analysis based on the four-mRNA signature risk score indicated that the survival status of the group with high risk score was worse than that of the group with low risk scores. Patients with strong mRNA expression of OTUD3, PKD1L2, and WISP1 tended to have good prognosis, whereas patients with high ACSL1 expression tended to have poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: In summary, we constructed a four-mRNA prognosis risk assessment model for BRCA. The newly developed model offers more possibilities for assessing prognosis and guiding the selection of better treatment strategies for BRCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Modelos Biológicos , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular CCN/biossíntese , Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular CCN/genética , Coenzima A Ligases/biossíntese , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/biossíntese , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/biossíntese , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/genética
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 6371-6385, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496692

RESUMO

Background: The phenylboronic acid-functionalized polyamidoamine (PP) was employed as a gene carrier for Dz13 delivery, inducing an obvious anticancer response. Materials and methods: The Dz13 condensation ability of PP was evaluated through gel retardation assay. The cellular uptake mechanism of PP/Dz13 nanoparticles was studied using confocal laser scanning microscope and flow cytometer. The inhibition ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion was investigated through MTT assay, flow cytometry, wound healing and Transwell migration assays, using hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2 as a model. Finally, Western blotting analysis was used to detect the signaling pathway associated with the inhibition of cell apoptosis and migration induced by Dz13 delivery. Results: The carrier PP could efficiently condense Dz13 into stable nanoparticles at mass ratios of >1.5. The hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential of PP/Dz13 nanoparticles were measured to be 204.77 nm and +22.00 mV at a mass ratio of 10.0, respectively. The nanoparticles could realize an efficient cellular uptake in sialic acid-dependent endocytosis manner. Moreover, the nanoparticles exhibited an obvious antiproliferation effect through the induction of cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest due to the cleavage of c-Jun mRNA. Besides, the suppression of cell migration and invasion could be achieved after the PP/Dz13 transfection, attributing to the decreased expression level of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Conclusion: The PP provided a potential delivery system to achieve the tumor-targeting gene therapy.


Assuntos
Ácidos Borônicos/química , Movimento Celular , DNA Catalítico/administração & dosagem , DNA Catalítico/farmacologia , Poliaminas/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Endossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Endossomos/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
18.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(22): 4569-4580, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486848

RESUMO

Hippocalcin (HPCA) is a neuron-specific calcium-binding protein predominantly expressed in the nervous system. In the present study, we demonstrate that HPCA regulates neuronal differentiation in SH-SY5Y cells. We observed that the expression level of HPCA was increased during neuronal differentiation. Depletion of HPCA inhibited both neurite outgrowth and synaptophysin (SYP) expression, whereas overexpression of HPCA enhanced neuronal differentiation. Interestingly, we also found that the expression of HPCA mRNA was modulated by miR-24-3p. Using a dual-luciferase assay, we showed that co-transfection of a plasmid containing the miR-24-3p binding site from the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the HPCA gene and an miR-24-3p mimic effectively reduced luminescence activity. This effect was abolished when miR-24-3p seed sequences in the 3'UTR of the HPCA gene were mutated. miR-24-3p expression was decreased during differentiation, suggesting that the decreased expression level of miR-24-3p might have upregulated mRNA expression of HPCA. As expected, upregulation of miR-24-3p by an miRNA mimic led to reduced HPCA expression, accompanied by diminished neuronal differentiation. In contrast, downregulation of miR-24-3p by an antisense inhibitor promoted neurite outgrowth as well as levels of SYP expression. Taken together, these results suggest that miR-24-3p is an important miRNA that regulates neuronal differentiation by controlling HPCA expression.


Assuntos
Hipocalcina/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neurônios/fisiologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Crescimento Neuronal/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
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