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1.
J Mol Neurosci ; 72(3): 468-481, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580818

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain (NP) involves metabolic processes that are regulated by metabolic genes and their non-coding regulator genes such as microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we aimed at exploring the key miRNA signatures regulating metabolic genes involved in NP pathogenesis. We downloaded NP-related data from public databases and identified differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs through differential gene expression analysis. The miRNA target prediction was performed, and integration with the differentially expressed metabolic genes (DEMGs) was used for constructing the miRNA-DEMG network. Subsequently, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis were performed to explore the role of DEMGs in the regulatory network. The drug prediction was performed based on the DEMGs in the miRNA-DEMG network. A total of 8251 differentially expressed mRNAs (4193 upregulated and 4058 downregulated), and 959 differentially expressed miRNAs (455 upregulated and 504 downregulated) were identified. Moreover, after target gene prediction, a miRNA-DEMG network composed of 22 miRNAs and 113 mRNAs was constructed. The network was constituted of 135 nodes and 236 edges. We found that DEMGs in the network were mainly enriched in metabolic pathways and metabolic processes. A total of 1200 drugs were predicted as potential therapeutics for NP based on the differentially expressed genes, while 170 drugs were predicted for the DEMGs in the miRNA-DEMG network. Conclusively, our study predicted drugs that may be effective against the metabolic changes induced by miRNA dysregulation in NP. This information will help further reveal the pathological mechanism of NP and provide more treatment options for NP patients.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , Biologia Computacional , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
2.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 437-443, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642152

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of circRNA 0003353 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with dampness heat obstruction syndrome and to examine its effect on inflammatory response of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods: The PBMCs and serum samples of 55 RA patients with dampness heat obstruction syndrome and 30 healthy volunteers were collected. The expression of circRNA 0003353 and its correlation with clinical indexes were examined. The circRNA 0003353 overexpression plasmid and siRNA were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS cell line. RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of circRNA 0003353 mRNA. The expressions of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10 and IL-17 were examined by ELISA. The expressions of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), p-JAK2, signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and p-STAT3 were exmained by Western blot. CCK-8 assay was used to assess cell viability. Cell migration was assessed with Transwell migration assay. Results: 1) Compared with that of the normal group, the expression of circRNA 003353 in the PBMCs of RA patients with damp heat obstruction syndrome was significantly increased ( P<0.05). 2) Pearson correlation analysis showed that circRNA 0003353 was positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), rheumatoid factor (RF), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL) and DAS28, and circRNA 0003353 was negatively correlated with IL-10 ( P<0.05). 3) The findings on the association patterns showed that the increase in circRNA 0003353 was significantly correlated with the increase of ESR, IL-17, CRP and immunoglobulin (Ig) G. 4) Logistic regression analysis showed that circRNA 0003353 was a risk factor for RANKL, CRP and ESR. 5) RT-qPCR results showed that the expression of circRNA 003353 mRNA in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group was significantly higher than that in pcDNA3.1-NC group ( P<0.05), and that the expression of circRNA 003353 mRNA in si-circRNA 0003353 group was significantly lower than that in si-NC group ( P<0.05). 6) ELISA and Western blot results showed that, compared with those of pcDNA3.1-NC group, the expression of IL-10 in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group significantly decreased, the expression of IL-17 increased, and p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratios significantly increased ( P<0.05). Compared with those of si-NC group, the expression of IL-10 in si-circRNA 0003353 group significantly increased, the expression of IL-17 and JAK2 decreased, and p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 ratios significantly decreased ( P<0.05). 7) The results of CCK-8 and Transwell assays showed that the viability and migration of RA-FLS in pcDNA3.1-circRNA 0003353 group were higher than those in pcDNA3.1-NC group ( P<0.05). Compared with those of si-NC group, the viability and migration ability of RA-FLS in si-circRNA 0003353 group decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of circRNA 0003353 is up-regulated in RA patients with damp heat obstruction syndrome, and it is involved in the pathogenesis of RA by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and promoting the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , RNA Circular , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Sincalida/metabolismo
3.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 136, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is a common and serious complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Studies suggest that cigarette smoke can initiate pulmonary vascular remodelling by stimulating cell proliferation; however, the underlying cause, particularly the role of vasoactive prostanoids, is unclear. We hypothesize that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) can induce imbalanced vasoactive prostanoid release by differentially modulating the expression of respective synthase genes in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and endothelial cells (PAECs), thereby contributing to cell proliferation. METHODS: Aqueous CSE was prepared from 3R4F research-grade cigarettes. Human PASMCs and PAECs were treated with or without CSE. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to analyse the mRNA and protein expression of vasoactive prostanoid syhthases. Prostanoid concentration in the medium was measured using ELISA kits. Cell proliferation was assessed using the cell proliferation reagent WST-1. RESULTS: We demonstrated that CSE induced the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the rate-limiting enzyme in prostanoid synthesis, in both cell types. In PASMCs, CSE reduced the downstream prostaglandin (PG) I synthase (PGIS) mRNA and protein expression and PGI2 production, whereas in PAECs, CSE downregulated PGIS mRNA expression, but PGIS protein was undetectable and CSE had no effect on PGI2 production. CSE increased thromboxane (TX) A synthase (TXAS) mRNA expression and TXA2 production, despite undetectable TXAS protein in both cell types. CSE also reduced microsomal PGE synthase-1 (mPGES-1) protein expression and PGE2 production in PASMCs, but increased PGE2 production despite unchanged mPGES-1 protein expression in PAECs. Furthermore, CSE stimulated proliferation of both cell types, which was significantly inhibited by the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib, the PGI2 analogue beraprost and the TXA2 receptor antagonist daltroban. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide the first evidence that cigarette smoke can induce imbalanced prostanoid mediator release characterized by the reduced PGI2/TXA2 ratio and contribute to pulmonary vascular remodelling and suggest that TXA2 may represent a novel therapeutic target for pulmonary hypertension in COPD.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Prostaglandinas/metabolismo , Prostaglandinas E/metabolismo , Prostaglandinas E/farmacologia , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Tabaco , Remodelação Vascular
4.
Parasit Vectors ; 15(1): 182, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parasites interact with their host through "direct" and/or "indirect" mechanisms. Plasmodium, for example, either mediates direct physical interactions with host factors or triggers the immune system of the host indirectly, leading to changes in infectious outcomes. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in regulating biological processes, especially host-pathogen interactions. However, research on the role of host lncRNAs during Plasmodium infection is limited. METHODS: A RNA sequencing method (RNA-seq) was used to confirm the differential expression profiles of lncRNAs in Plasmodium yeolii 17XL (P.y17XL)-infected BALB/c mice. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed to elucidate the potential functions of Plasmodium-induced genes. Subsequently, the effect of specific lncRNAs on the modulation of immune-related signaling pathways in malaria was determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The data showed that in P.y17XL-infected BALB/c mice, Plasmodium upregulated the expression of 132 lncRNAs and downregulated the expression of 159 lncRNAs. Differentially expressed lncRNAs clearly associated with malaria infection were annotated, including four novel dominant lncRNAs: ENMSUSG00000111521.1, XLOC_038009, XLOC_058629 and XLOC_065676. GO and KEGG pathway analyses demonstrated that these four differentially expressed lncRNAs were associated with co-localized/co-expressed protein-coding genes that were totally enriched in malaria and with the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signaling pathway. Using the models of P.y17XL-infected BALB/c mice, data certified that the level of TGF-ß production and activation of TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway were obviously changed in malaria infection. CONCLUSIONS: These differentially expressed immune-related genes were deemed to have a role in the process of Plasmodium infection in the host via dendritic/T regulatory cells and the TGF-ß/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. The results of the present study confirmed that Plasmodium infection-induced lncRNA expression is a novel mechanism used by Plasmodium parasites to modify host immune signaling. These results further enhance current understanding of the interaction between Plasmodium and host cells.


Assuntos
Plasmodium , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Plasmodium/genética , Plasmodium/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
5.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 291, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO), a kind of bone regenerative process, is not only extremely effective, but the osteogenesis rate is far beyond ordinary bone fracture (BF) healing. Exosomes (Exo) are thought to play a part in bone regeneration and healing as key players in cell-to-cell contact. The object of this work was to determine whether exosomes derived from DO and BF serum could stimulate the Osteogenic Differentiation in these two processes, and if so, which genes could be involved. METHODS: The osteogenesis in DO-gap or BF-gap was evaluated using radiographic analysis and histological analysis. On the 14th postoperative day, DO-Exos and BF-Exos were isolated and cocultured with the jaw of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (JBMMSCs). Proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation of JBMMSCs were ascertained, after which exosomes RNA-seq was performed to identify the relevant gene. RESULTS: Radiographic and histological analyses manifested that osteogenesis was remarkably accelerated in DO-gap in comparison with BF-gap. Both of the two types of Exos were taken up by JBMMSCs, and their migration and osteogenic differentiation were also seen to improve. However, the proliferation showed no significant difference. Finally, exosome RNA-seq revealed that the lncRNA MSTRG.532277.1 and the mRNA F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 14(FBXL14) may play a key role in DO. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that exosomes from serum exert a critical effect on the rapid osteogenesis in DO. This promoting effect might have relevance with the co-expression of MSTRG.532277.1 and FBXL14. On the whole, these findings provide new insights into bone regeneration, thereby outlining possible therapeutic targets for clinical intervention.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese por Distração , RNA Longo não Codificante , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
6.
Plant Sci ; 320: 111280, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643606

RESUMO

The pan-eukaryotic protein kinase GCN2 (General Control Nonderepressible2) regulates the translation of mRNAs in response to external and metabolic conditions. Although GCN2 and its substrate, translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) α, and several partner proteins are substantially conserved in plants, this kinase has assumed novel functions in plants, including in innate immunity and retrograde signaling between the chloroplast and cytosol. How exactly some of the biochemical paradigms of the GCN2 system have diverged in the green plant lineage is only partially resolved. Specifically, conflicting data underscore and cast doubt on whether GCN2 regulates amino acid biosynthesis; also whether phosphorylation of eIF2α can in fact repress global translation or activate mRNA specific translation via upstream open reading frames; and whether GCN2 is controlled in vivo by the level of uncharged tRNA. This review examines the status of research on the eIF2α kinase, GCN2, its function in the response to xenobiotics, pathogens, and abiotic stress conditions, and its rather tenuous role in the translational control of mRNAs.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 2 em Eucariotos , Fator de Iniciação 2 em Eucariotos/genética , Fator de Iniciação 2 em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Fosforilação , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo
7.
J Anim Sci ; 100(6)2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35648126

RESUMO

Poor maternal nutrition can negatively affect fetal and placental growth and development. However, the mechanism(s) that contribute to altered placenta growth and function are not well understood. We hypothesized that poor maternal diet would impact signaling through the C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL) 12-CXCL4 axis and/or placental expression of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis. Using our established sheep model of poor maternal nutrition, we examined the effects of restricted- and over-feeding on ewe placentome gene and protein expression. Specifically, ewes were fed a control (CON; 100%), restricted (RES; 60%), or over (OVER; 140%) diet beginning at day 30.2 ± 0.02 of gestation, and samples were collected at days 45, 90, and 135 of gestation, representing periods of active placentation, peak placental growth, and near term, respectively. Placentomes were separated into cotyledon and caruncle, and samples snap frozen. Protein was determined by western blot and mRNA expression by real-time PCR. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and significance determined at P ≤ 0.05. Ewes fed a RES diet had decreased CXCL12 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α protein compared with CON ewes in caruncle at day 45 (P ≤0.05). In day 45 cotyledon, CXCR7 protein was increased and mTOR was decreased in RES relative to CON (P ≤0.05). At day 90, CXCR4 and CXCR7 were reduced in RES caruncle compared with CON, whereas VEGF was reduced and mTOR increased in cotyledon of RES ewes relative to CON (P ≤0.05). In OVER caruncle, at day 45 CXCR4 and VEGF were reduced and at day 90 CXCR4, CXCR7, and TNFα were reduced in caruncle compared with CON (P ≤0.05). There was no observed effect of OVER diet on protein abundance in the cotyledon (P > 0.05). Expression of IGF-II mRNA was increased in OVER at day 45 and IGFBP-3 was reduced in RES at day 90 in caruncle relative to CON (P ≤0.05). Maternal diet did not alter placentome diameter or weight (P > 0.05). These findings suggest that restricted- and over-feeding negatively impact protein and mRNA expression of key chemokines and growth factors implicated in proper placenta development and function.


Too little or too much food during gestation can lead to poor growth and health of the resulting offspring. The placenta is an important source of nutrient supply for the fetus and poor maternal diet can impair placenta growth and function. Although placental development and function are well studied, the mechanisms by which maternal diet can affect placental growth and fetal development are not well understood. Based on our previous findings that specific proteins are important regulators of placental growth and function, we used a sheep model of poor maternal nutrition to demonstrate that protein abundance of these factors is altered in the placenta. These findings demonstrate potential mechanism by which maternal diet can affect the placenta and thereby impact fetal growth.


Assuntos
Placentação , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Feminino , Nutrientes , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ovinos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
8.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 27(1): 47, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to vascular remodeling diseases. Recently, it has been discovered that tRNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs), a new type of noncoding RNAs, are related to the proliferation and migration of VSMCs. tsRNAs regulate target gene expression through miRNA-like functions. This study aims to explore the potential of tsRNAs in human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) proliferation. METHODS: High-throughput sequencing was performed to analyze the tsRNA expression profile of proliferative and quiescent HASMCs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to validate the sequence results and subcellular distribution of AS-tDR-001370, AS-tDR-000067, AS-tDR-009512, and AS-tDR-000076. Based on the microRNA-like functions of tsRNAs, we predicted target promoters and mRNAs and constructed tsRNA-promoter and tsRNA-mRNA interaction networks. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed to reveal the function of target genes. EdU incorporation assay, Western blot, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay were utilized to detect the effects of tsRNAs on HASMC proliferation. RESULTS: Compared with quiescent HASMCs, there were 1838 differentially expressed tsRNAs in proliferative HASMCs, including 887 with increased expression (fold change > 2, p < 0.05) and 951 with decreased expression (fold change < ½, p < 0.05). AS-tDR-001370, AS-tDR-000067, AS-tDR-009512, and AS-tDR-000076 were increased in proliferative HASMCs and were mainly located in the nucleus. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that the four tsRNAs involved a variety of GO terms and pathways related to VSMC proliferation. AS-tDR-000067 promoted HASMC proliferation by suppressing p53 transcription in a promoter-targeted manner. AS-tDR-000076 accelerated HASMC proliferation by attenuating mitofusin 2 (MFN2) levels in a 3'-untranslated region (UTR)-targeted manner. CONCLUSIONS: During HASMC proliferation, the expression levels of many tsRNAs are altered. AS-tDR-000067 and AS-tDR-000076 act as new factors promoting VSMC proliferation.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Aorta/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência/farmacologia
9.
Science ; 376(6598): eabm9129, 2022 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679405

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION The subcellular compartmentalization of eukaryotic cells requires selective transport of folded proteins and protein-nucleic acid complexes. Embedded in nuclear envelope pores, which are generated by the circumscribed fusion of the inner and outer nuclear membranes, nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are the sole bidirectional gateways for nucleocytoplasmic transport. The ~110-MDa human NPC is an ~1000-protein assembly that comprises multiple copies of ~34 different proteins, collectively termed nucleoporins. The symmetric core of the NPC is composed of an inner ring encircling the central transport channel and outer rings formed by Y­shaped coat nucleoporin complexes (CNCs) anchored atop both sides of the nuclear envelope. The outer rings are decorated with compartment­specific asymmetric nuclear basket and cytoplasmic filament nucleoporins, which establish transport directionality and provide docking sites for transport factors and the small guanosine triphosphatase Ran. The cytoplasmic filament nucleoporins also play an essential role in the irreversible remodeling of messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) as they exit the central transport channel. Unsurprisingly, the NPC's cytoplasmic face represents a hotspot for disease­associated mutations and is commonly targeted by viral virulence factors. RATIONALE Previous studies established a near-atomic composite structure of the human NPC's symmetric core by combining (i) biochemical reconstitution to elucidate the interaction network between symmetric nucleoporins, (ii) crystal and single-particle cryo-electron microscopy structure determination of nucleoporins and nucleoporin complexes to reveal their three-dimensional shape and the molecular details of their interactions, (iii) quantitative docking in cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) maps of the intact human NPC to uncover nucleoporin stoichiometry and positioning, and (iv) cell­based assays to validate the physiological relevance of the biochemical and structural findings. In this work, we extended our approach to the cytoplasmic filament nucleoporins to reveal the near-atomic architecture of the cytoplasmic face of the human NPC. RESULTS Using biochemical reconstitution, we elucidated the protein-protein and protein-RNA interaction networks of the human and Chaetomium thermophilum cytoplasmic filament nucleoporins, establishing an evolutionarily conserved heterohexameric cytoplasmic filament nucleoporin complex (CFNC) held together by a central heterotrimeric coiled­coil hub that tethers two separate mRNP­remodeling complexes. Further biochemical analysis and determination of a series of crystal structures revealed that the metazoan­specific cytoplasmic filament nucleoporin NUP358 is composed of 16 distinct domains, including an N­terminal S­shaped α­helical solenoid followed by a coiled­coil oligomerization element, numerous Ran­interacting domains, an E3 ligase domain, and a C­terminal prolyl­isomerase domain. Physiologically validated quantitative docking into cryo-ET maps of the intact human NPC revealed that pentameric NUP358 bundles, conjoined by the oligomerization element, are anchored through their N­terminal domains to the central stalk regions of the CNC, projecting flexibly attached domains as far as ~600 Å into the cytoplasm. Using cell­based assays, we demonstrated that NUP358 is dispensable for the architectural integrity of the assembled interphase NPC and RNA export but is required for efficient translation. After NUP358 assignment, the remaining 4-shaped cryo­ET density matched the dimensions of the CFNC coiled­coil hub, in close proximity to an outer-ring NUP93. Whereas the N-terminal NUP93 assembly sensor motif anchors the properly assembled related coiled­coil channel nucleoporin heterotrimer to the inner ring, biochemical reconstitution confirmed that the NUP93 assembly sensor is reused in anchoring the CFNC to the cytoplasmic face of the human NPC. By contrast, two C. thermophilum CFNCs are anchored by a divergent mechanism that involves assembly sensors located in unstructured portions of two CNC nucleoporins. Whereas unassigned cryo­ET density occupies the NUP358 and CFNC binding sites on the nuclear face, docking of the nuclear basket component ELYS established that the equivalent position on the cytoplasmic face is unoccupied, suggesting that mechanisms other than steric competition promote asymmetric distribution of nucleoporins. CONCLUSION We have substantially advanced the biochemical and structural characterization of the asymmetric nucleoporins' architecture and attachment at the cytoplasmic and nuclear faces of the NPC. Our near­atomic composite structure of the human NPC's cytoplasmic face provides a biochemical and structural framework for elucidating the molecular basis of mRNP remodeling, viral virulence factor interference with NPC function, and the underlying mechanisms of nucleoporin diseases at the cytoplasmic face of the NPC. [Figure: see text].


Assuntos
Citoplasma , Proteínas Fúngicas , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares , Poro Nuclear , Transporte de RNA , RNA Mensageiro , Chaetomium , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Citoplasma/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Humanos , Chaperonas Moleculares/química , Poro Nuclear/química , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/química , Conformação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9549, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680981

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a common bone disease of old age resulting from the imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. CircRNAs are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) involved in gene regulation and may play important roles in the development of OP. Here, we aimed to discover the OP­related circRNA-miRNA-mRNA (ceRNA) network and the potential mechanisms. Six microarray datasets were obtained from the GEO database and the OP­related differentially expressed genes (DEGs), circRNAs (DECs), and miRNAs (DEMs) were screened out from these datasets. Then, combined with the prediction of the relationships between DEGs, DEMs, and DECs, a ceRNA network containing 7 target circRNAs, 5 target miRNAs, and 38 target genes was constructed. Then the RNA-seq verification by using total RNAs isolated from the femurs of normal and ovariectomized Wistar rats indicated that MFAP5, CAMK2A, and RGS4 in the ceRNA network were closely associated with osteoporosis. Function enrichment analysis indicated that the target circRNAs, miRNAs, and genes were involved in the process of MAPK cascade, hormone stimulus, cadherin binding, rRNA methyltransferase, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and Vitamin digestion and absorption, etc. Then a circRNA-miRNA-hub gene subnetwork was constructed and the qRT-PCR analysis of human bone tissues from the femoral head was used to confirm that the transcription of hsa_circR_0028877, hsa_circR_0082916, DIRAS2, CAMK2A, and MAPK4 showed a significant correlation with osteogenic genes. Besides, the two axes of hsa_circR_0028877/hsa-miR-1273f/CAMK2A and hsa_circR_0028877/hsa-miR-1273f/DIRAS2 conformed to be closely associated with OP. Additionally, by constructing a drug-target gene network, RKI-1447, FRAX486, Hyaluronic, and Fostamatinib were identified as therapeutic options for OP. Our study revealed the potential links between circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs in OP, suggesting that the ceRNA mechanism might contribute to the occurrence of OP.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoporose , Animais , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoporose/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 304, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35689264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Gm37494 on osteoarthritis (OA) and its related molecular mechanism. METHODS: The cartilage tissues were obtained from OA patients, and an OA mouse model was induced by the destabilization of the medial meniscus, followed by measurement of Gm37494, microRNA (miR)-181a-5p, GABRA1 mRNA, and the encoded GABAARα1 protein expression. Thereafter, a cellular model was induced by interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) treatment in chondrocytes, followed by ectopic and silencing experiments. Chondrocyte proliferation was detected by CCK-8 and EdU assays, chondrocyte apoptosis by flow cytometry and western blot, and the levels of inflammatory factors by ELISA. The binding of Gm37494 to miR-181a-5p was evaluated by dual-luciferase reporter gene and RIP assays, and that of GABRA1 to miR-181a-5p by dual-luciferase reporter gene and RNA pull-down assays. RESULTS: OA patients and mice had decreased GABRA1 mRNA and GABAARα1 protein levels and elevated miR-181a-5p expression in cartilage tissues. Additionally, Gm37494 was poorly expressed in OA mice. Mechanistically, Gm37494 directly bound to and inversely modulated miR-181a-5p that negatively targeted GABRA1. In IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes, Gm37494 overexpression enhanced cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis and inflammation, whereas further miR-181a-5p up-regulation or GABRA1 silencing abolished these trends. CONCLUSIONS: Conclusively, Gm37494 elevated GABRA1 expression by binding to miR-181a-5p, thus ameliorating OA-induced chondrocyte damage.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores de GABA-A/genética , Receptores de GABA-A/metabolismo , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
12.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 2478551, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692888

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common upper gastrointestinal malignant tumors, and the incidence of the GC shows an increasing trend in the past years. Finding more sensitive markers will help to reveal the mechanism of GC progression and clinic diagnoses. This study first analyzed the mRNA expression level of FSIP1 in TCGA GC samples and the significance in predicting the prognosis. KEGG and GO analyses were used to explore the molecular mechanism of FSIP1 in GC progression. This study further retrospectively analyzed 166 clinical samples of GC from Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital and evaluated the expression level of FSIP1 by immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier and Cox multivariate analysis was used to investigate the prognostic value of FSIP1 expression in GC patients. We also identified correlations between FSIP1 and clinicopathological characteristics. This study found that the mRNA level of FSIP1 was significantly upregulated in GC compared with nontumor specimens and correlated with poor prognosis. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the results of bioinformatics analysis of the TCGA GC database. FSIP1 was associated with pTNM pathological stage, tumor location, and neural invasion. In addition, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that FSIP1, T classification, and N classification were independent posterior factors of patients and could be combined with pathological features to construct a nomogram prognostic model. Overall, our results suggest that FSIP1 is expected to be an independent prognostic indicator of GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/genética , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
13.
Anim Sci J ; 93(1): e13747, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35699681

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the effects of apple polyphenols (APPs) on antioxidant capacity, immune and inflammatory response, and barrier function in weaning piglets. Results showed that APPs improved jejunal barrier function by increasing the villus height, villus height/crypt depth, the mRNA levels of occludin, mucin-1, and mucin-4 and up-regulating the protein expression of occluding (P < 0.05). As for antioxidant capacity, APPs increased the activities of total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase and total antioxidant capacity level in jejunum (P < 0.05). Besides, APPs up-regulated the protein expressions of NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and nuclear-related factor 2 (NRF2) and down-regulated the protein expression of kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1). As regard to immune and inflammatory response, APPs increased the immunoglobulin A content in serum and decreased the mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and IL-8 in jejunum (P < 0.05). Overall, dietary APPs supplementation improves the jejunal barrier function by enhancing antioxidant capacity and suppressing the mRNA expression related to inflammation, which may be related to the NRF2 signal and TLR4/NF-κB signal.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Inflamação/veterinária , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polifenóis/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Suínos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Desmame
14.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 662, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) is among the deadliest malignancies in women and the lack of appropriate markers for early diagnosis leads to poor prognosis in most cases. Previous studies have shown that KAZN is involved in multiple biological processes during development, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, so defects or aberrant expression of KAZN might cause queer cell behaviors such as malignancy. Here we evaluated the KAZN expression and methylation levels for possible use as an early diagnosis marker for OC. METHODS: We used data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) microarrays, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) to investigate the correlations between KAZN expression and clinical characteristics of OC by comparing methylation levels of normal and OC samples. The relationships among differentially methylated sites in the KAZN gene, corresponding KAZN mRNA expression levels and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: KAZN was up-regulated in ovarian epithelial tumors and the expression of KAZN was correlated with the patients' survival time. KAZN CpG site cg17657618 was positively correlated with the expression of mRNA and the methylation levels were significantly differential between the group of stage "I and II" and the group of stage "III and IV". This study also presents a new method to classify tumor and normal tissue in OC using DNA methylation pattern in the KAZN gene body region. CONCLUSIONS: KAZN was involved in ovarian cancer pathogenesis. Our results demonstrate a new direction for ovarian cancer research and provide a potential diagnostic biomarker as well as a novel therapeutic target for clinical application.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Proteômica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
15.
Mol Vis ; 28: 70-82, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693421

RESUMO

Purpose: Glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1) is a key antioxidant protein that catalyzes disulfide redox reactions. In this study, we investigated the expression and protective effect of Grx1 against oxidative stress in nuclear cataracts. Methods: Human anterior capsule membrane samples were obtained from the eyes of cataract patients (experimental group) and non-cataractous (control group) donors. The levels of Grx1 protein and mRNA expression were investigated. The human lens epithelial (HLE) cell line SRA 01/04 was transfected with Grx1-containing plasmid or Grx1 small interfering RNA, and cultured under H2O2 treatment, mimicking oxidative stress conditions. Cell counts, clone formation, cell apoptosis, cell cycle, and levels of oxidized glutathione disulfide and cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were evaluated and quantified. Results: Protein and mRNA transcript levels of Grx1 were significantly lower in the human anterior capsule membrane of the age-related nuclear (ARN) cataract group than in the control group. Grx1 overexpression protected HLE cells from H2O2-induced oxidative damage, including alleviating G1 phase arrest, promoting cell proliferation, reducing cell apoptosis, and decreasing intracellular ROS generation. Furthermore, extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in the human anterior capsule membrane of ARN patients was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. Grx1 overexpression reduced the levels of oxidized glutathione disulfide and the phosphorylation of ERK. The administration of an ERK phosphorylation inhibitor, PD98059, induced antioxidant effects in Grx1-silenced cells. Conclusions: Grx1 expression is downregulated in the human anterior capsule membrane of ARN patients, accompanied by an increase in ERK phosphorylation. Thus, Grx1 can protect HLE cells against oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Catarata , Cristalino , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Catarata/genética , Catarata/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Glutarredoxinas/genética , Glutarredoxinas/metabolismo , Dissulfeto de Glutationa/metabolismo , Dissulfeto de Glutationa/farmacologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Cristalino/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 2218140, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693706

RESUMO

Background: CXCL family is a class of secreted growth factors signaling through G-protein-coupled receptors, and abnormal expression is associated with the growth and progression of many tumors. However, their prognostic value has been poorly studied in Epstein-Barr virus- (EBV-) associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC). Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the prognostic value of the CXCL family in EBVaGC. Methods: CXCL family mRNA expression was analyzed in STAD data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Kaplan-Meier Plotter was used to assess the prognostic value of the CXCL family. Transcription factors (TFs) and miRNAs associated with the CXCL family were identified by TFCheckpoint, miRWalk, and ViRBase databases. The prognostic model was evaluated using the EBVaGC patient cohort GSE51575. Results: The mRNA expression of CXCL1/3/5/6/8/9/10/11/16 was significantly upregulated, while the expression of CXCL12/14 was downregulated in EBVaGC compared with normal tissues from TCGA-STAD. The mRNA expressions of CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, and CXCL17 in EBVaGCs were higher than those in EBVnGCs, but the mRNA expressions of CXCL6, CXCL12, and CXCL17 were lower than those in EBVnGCs. The mRNA expression levels of CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11 in EBVaGCs were higher than those in EBVnGCs regardless of the tumor stage. High mRNA expression of CXCL8 was associated with better OS in patients with EBVaGC, while high expression of CXCL9 was associated with better OS in patients with EBVnGC. We obtained 10 candidate potential transcription factors (TFs) associated with CXCLs: OTOP3, NKX6-2, NKX2-2, FEV, SMYD1, TRIMSO, TBX10, CDX1, SLC26A3, and ARC. 576 miRNA-mRNA interactions were obtained. Among them, 65 miRNAs were predicted to be correlated with CXCL6, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11. Similar to the results of TCGA-STAD, the GSE51575 dataset also showed that the mRNA expression levels of CXCL1/3/9/10/11/16 were markedly enhanced in EBVaGC tissues compared with corresponding normal gastric mucosa tissues, while the mRNA expression levels of CXCL12/14 were significantly reduced. The mRNA expression levels of CXCL3/9/10/11/13/17 were increased in EBVaGC compared with EBVnGC tissues. Conclusions: The expression differences of CXCL family members are closely associated with the progression of EBVaGC. Expression of CXCL9/10/11/17 mRNA may be a promising prognostic indicator for EBVaGC patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Gástricas , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteínas com Domínio T , Fatores de Transcrição
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 897487, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693774

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification is a fundamental determinant of mRNA metabolism in eukaryotic cells and is involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. However, the specific role of m6A modification in sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) remains unknown. Here, we show that the levels of m6A RNA were significantly decreased in septic lungs and that METTL3 was the main regulator involved in the absence of m6A RNA modification. Pulmonary endothelial barrier damage is a critical process in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury during sepsis. METTL3 regulated endothelial barrier dysfunction and inflammatory responses in sepsis-induced ARDS in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, we identified tripartite motif-containing (Trim)59 as a key m6A effector and Trim59 deficiency exacerbated lung injury. Mechanistically, METTL3 inhibited endothelial injury in sepsis-induced ARDS through Trim59-associated NF-κB inactivation. Our findings revealed novel insights into epitranscriptional mechanisms in sepsis-induced ARDS via m6A modifications, which has important application value in the diagnosis, prognosis, and molecular-targeted therapy of sepsis-associated lung injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Sepse , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Sepse/complicações , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 894163, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693823

RESUMO

Epithelial-derived alarmins (IL-33, TSLP, and IL-25) play an upstream role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Basophil-derived cytokines are a pivotal component of allergic inflammation. We evaluated the in vitro effects of IL-33, TSLP, and IL-25, alone and in combination with IL-3 on purified peripheral blood human basophils (hBaso) and bone marrow-derived mouse basophils (mBaso) in modulating the production of IL-4, IL-13, CXCL8 or the mouse CXCL8 equivalents CXCL1 and CXCL2. IL-3 and IL-33, but not TSLP and IL-25, concentration-dependently induced IL-4, IL-13, and CXCL8 release from hBaso. IL-3 synergistically potentiated the release of cytokines induced by IL-33 from hBaso. In mBaso, IL-3 and IL-33 rapidly induced IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA expression and protein release. IL-33, but not IL-3, induced CXCL2 and CXCL1 from mBaso. Differently from hBaso, TSLP induced IL-4, IL-13, CXCL1 and CXCL2 mRNA expression and protein release from mBaso. IL-25 had no effect on IL-4, IL-13, and CXCL1/CXCL2 mRNA expression and protein release even in the presence of IL-3. No synergism was observed between IL-3 and either IL-25 or TSLP. IL-3 inhibited both TSLP- and IL-33-induced CXCL1 and CXCL2 release from mBaso. Our results highlight some similarities and marked differences between the effects of IL-3 and alarmins on the release of cytokines from human and mouse basophils.


Assuntos
Basófilos , Interleucina-33 , Alarminas/metabolismo , Animais , Basófilos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-3/metabolismo , Interleucina-3/farmacologia , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
19.
RNA Biol ; 19(1): 774-780, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653374

RESUMO

High-throughput RNA sequencing offers a comprehensive analysis of transcriptome complexity originated from regulatory events, such as differential gene expression, alternative polyadenylation and others, and allows the increase in diagnostic capacity and precision. For gene expression profiling applications that do not specifically require information on alternative splicing events, the mRNA 3' termini counting approach is a cost-effective alternative to whole transcriptome sequencing. Here, we report MTAS-seq (mRNA sequencing via terminator-assisted synthesis) - a novel RNA-seq library preparation method directed towards mRNA 3' termini. We demonstrate the specific enrichment for 3'-terminal regions by simple and quick single-tube protocol with built-in molecular barcoding to enable accurate estimation of transcript abundance. To achieve that, we synthesized oligonucleotide-modified dideoxynucleotides which enable the generation of cDNA libraries at the reverse transcription step. We validated the performance of MTAS-seq on well-characterized reference bulk RNA and further tested it with eukaryotic cell lysates.


Assuntos
Oligonucleotídeos , Transcriptoma , DNA Complementar/genética , Oligonucleotídeos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
20.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3345, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688806

RESUMO

A major challenge to our understanding of translational control has been deconvolving the individual impact specific regulatory factors have on the complex dynamics of mRNA translation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), for example, guide Argonaute and associated proteins to target mRNAs, where they direct gene silencing in multiple ways that are not well understood. To better deconvolve these dynamics, we have developed technology to directly visualize and quantify the impact of human Argonaute2 (Ago2) on the translation and subcellular localization of individual reporter mRNAs in living cells. We show that our combined translation and Ago2 tethering sensor reflects endogenous miRNA-mediated gene silencing. Using the sensor, we find that Ago2 association leads to progressive silencing of translation at individual mRNA. Silencing was occasionally interrupted by brief bursts of translational activity and took 3-4 times longer than a single round of translation, consistent with a gradual increase in the inhibition of translation initiation. At later time points, Ago2-tethered mRNAs cluster and coalesce with P-bodies, where a translationally silent state is maintained. These results provide a framework for exploring miRNA-mediated gene regulation in live cells at the single-molecule level. Furthermore, our tethering-based, single-molecule reporter system will likely have wide-ranging application in studying RNA-protein interactions.


Assuntos
Proteínas Argonauta , MicroRNAs , Proteínas Argonauta/genética , Proteínas Argonauta/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
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