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1.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 150: 109887, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489040

RESUMO

Lignocellulose is a prominent source of carbohydrates to be used in biorefineries. One of the main challenges associated with its use is the low yields obtained during enzymatic hydrolysis, as well as the high cost associate with enzyme acquisition. Despite the great attention in using the fraction composed by hexoses, nowadays, there is a growing interest in enzymatic blends to deconstruct the pentose-rich fraction. Among the organisms studied as a source of enzymes to lignocellulose deconstruction, the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum stands out. Most of the remarkable performance of C. thermocellum in degrading cellulose is related to its capacity to assemble enzymes into well-organized enzymatic complexes, cellulosomes. A mini-version of a cellulosome was designed in the present study, using the xylanase XynA and the N-terminus portion of scaffolding protein, mCipA, harboring one CBM3 and two cohesin I domains. The formed mini-xylanosome displayed maximum activity between 60 and 70 °C in a pH range from 6 to 8. Although biochemical properties of complexed/non-complexed enzymes were similar, the formed xylanosome displayed higher hydrolysis at 60 and 70 °C for alkali-treated sugarcane bagasse. Lignocellulose deconstruction using fungal secretome and the mini-xylanosome resulted in higher d-glucose yield, and the addition of the mCipA scaffolding protein enhanced cellulose deconstruction when coupled with fungal enzymes. Results obtained in this study demonstrated that the assembling of xylanases into mini-xylanosomes could improve sugarcane deconstruction, and the mCipA protein can work as a cellulose degradation enhancer.


Assuntos
Celulossomas , Clostridium thermocellum , Composição de Bases , Clostridium thermocellum/genética , Lignina , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(10): 3804-3810, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468853

RESUMO

During our studies focused on the microorganism diversity and community structure of Populus euphratica at Ebinur lake wetland nature reserve in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, PR China, a Gram-positive, aerobic, short rod-shaped bacterium without flagellum, designated as MD2T, was isolated from a piece of resina on Populus euphratica. The isolate grew at temperature of 10-45 °C (optimum 37 °C), pH of 7.0-12.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and NaCl concentration of 1-18% (optimum 3%, w/v). Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences and the phylogenetic analysis, the strain shared the highest sequence similarities to Nesterenkonia alkaliphila JCM 19766T (96.3%), Nesterenkonia populi KCTC 29119T (95.9%), Nesterenkonia alba CCTCC AB 207011T (95.5%), and was placed within the radiation of Nesterenkonia species in the phylogenetic trees. The draft genome of the isolate was sequenced, which comprised 3,739,891 bp with G + C content of 63 mol%, and was annotated to contain 3614 protein-coding genes, 44 tRNA genes and 5 rRNA genes. Chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the main respiratory quinones were MK-8 and MK-9, the predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C17:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0, the major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol andphosphatidylinositol. According to the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic features, strain MD2T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Nesterenkonia ebinurensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MD2T (= KCTC 52999T = MCCC 1K03343T).


Assuntos
Populus , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Micrococcaceae , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247701, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468529

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is an important foodborne pathogen associated to food intoxication and other multiple infections in human being. Its presence in salted food is a serious issue due to its salt tolerance potential. A study was conducted to analyze the presence of enterotoxins producing drug resistance S. aureus in salted sea fish from Gwadar. Freshly persevered samples (n=50) of salted fish were subjected to analyze the presence of S. aureus using 16S rRNA and Nuc genes primers. The isolates were then evaluated for drug resistance and enterotoxins producing potential using specific primers for MecA (methicillin resistance gene), (SEA) staphylococcal enterotoxin A and (SEB) staphylococcal enterotoxin B genes. Total 13/50 (26%) of the samples were found positive for the presence of S. aureus, preliminary confirmed with biochemical profiling and finally with the help of target genes presence. The isolates were found showing 100% resistant to methicillin, which were molecularly confirmed by the presence of MecA gene present in genome. The isolates 5/13 (38%) were positive for SEA and 3/13 (23%) for SEB genes, whereas 2/13 (15%) were confirmed having both SEA and SEB genes in its genome. It was also confirmed that all the isolates were capable to form biofilm over the glass surfaces. It was concluded that the study confirmed the presence of enterotoxigenic methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aurous (MRSA) in salted fish product, that poses gross food safety concern. Preventive and control measures are necessary to handle this serious food safety concern.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Animais , Produtos Pesqueiros , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248153, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468532

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the phylogenetic similarities among the muntjac (Muntiacus spp.). The phylogenetic similarities among seven major muntjac species were studied by comparing the nucleotide sequence of 16s rRNA and cytochrome b genome. Nucleotide sequences, retrieved from NCBI databases were aligned by using DNASTAR software. A phylogenetic tree was created for the selected species of muntjac by using the maximum likelihood method on MEGA7 software. The results of nucleotide sequences (16s rRNA) showed phylogenetic similarities between, the M. truongsonensis and M. rooseveltorum had the highest (99.2%) while the lowest similarities (96.8%) found between M. crinifrons and M. putaoensi. While the results of nucleotide sequences (Cty b) showed the highest similarity (100%) between M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis and the lowest s (91.5%) among M. putaoensis and M. crinifrons. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species (16s rRNA gene) shows the main two clusters, the one including M. putaoensis, M. truongsonensis, M. rooseveltorum, and M. muntjak, and the second one including M. crinifrons and M. vuquangensis. The M. reevesi exists separately in the phylogenetic tree. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species using cytochrome b genes shows that the M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis are clustered in the same group.


Assuntos
Citocromos b , Cervo Muntjac , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Citocromos b/genética , Cervo Muntjac/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
5.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 333, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cenotes are flooded caves in Mexico's Yucatan peninsula. Many cenotes are interconnected in an underground network of pools and streams forming a vast belowground aquifer across most of the peninsula. Many plants in the peninsula grow roots that reach the cenotes water and live submerged in conditions similar to hydroponics. Our objective was to study the microbial community associated with these submerged roots of the Sac Actun cenote. We accomplished this objective by profiling the root prokaryotic community using 16S rRNA gene amplification and sequencing. RESULTS: We identified plant species by DNA barcoding the total genomic DNA of each root. We found a distinctive composition of the root and water bacterial and archaeal communities. Prokaryotic diversity was higher in all plant roots than in the surrounding freshwater, suggesting that plants in the cenotes may attract and select microorganisms from soil and freshwater, and may also harbor vertically transmitted lineages. The reported data are of interest for studies targeting biodiversity in general and root-microbial ecological interactions specifically.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rizosfera , México , Microbiota/genética , Raízes de Plantas , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494946

RESUMO

Six yeast isolates were obtained from rotting wood samples in Brazil and frass of a cerambycid beetle larva in French Guiana. Sequence analysis of the ITS-5.8S region and the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene showed that the isolates represent a novel species of Cyberlindnera. This novel species is related to Cyberlindnera japonica, Cyberlindnera xylosilytica, Candida easanensis and Candida maesa. It is heterothallic and produces asci with two or four hat-shaped ascospores. The name Cyberlindnera dasilvae sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate the novel species. The holotype of Cy. dasilvae is CBS 16129T and the designated paratype is CBS 16584. The MycoBank number is 838252. All isolates of Cy. dasilvae were able to convert xylose into xylitol with maximum xylitol production within 60 and 72 h. The isolates produced xylitol with values ranging from 12.61 to 31.79 g l-1 in yeast extract-peptone-xylose medium with 5% xylose. When the isolates were tested in sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate containing around 35-38 g l-1d-xylose, isolate UFMG-CM-Y519 showed maximum xylitol production.


Assuntos
Madeira , Xilitol , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico , Ácidos Graxos/química , Larva , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Saccharomycetales , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494947

RESUMO

Three Gram-positive bacterial strains, BML-BC004, BML-BC017 and BML-BC059, isolated from blood samples from three inpatients in Japan, were identified as members of Bacillus cereus using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of these three strains were more than 97.1 % similar to 18 type strains belonging to the B. cereus group. Whole-genome comparisons, using average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH), confirmed that the three strains represented three individual distinct species belonging to the B. cereus group. A phylogenetic tree showed that BML-BC004, BML-BC017 and BML-BC059 were located close to B. luti, B. mobilis and B. paramycoides, respectively. Based on these phylogenetic and phenotypic data, including values below the threshold for ANI and dDDH, the three strains should be classified as representing three different novel species of the B. cereus group: Bacillus sanguinis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC004T (=DSM 111102T=JCM 34122T), Bacillus paramobilis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC017T (=DSM 111100T=JCM 34124T) and Bacillus hominis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC059T (=DSM 111101T=JCM 34125T).


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus cereus/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 30(4): e009721, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495043

RESUMO

Hemoplasmas are epierythrocytic bacteria that infect mammals. 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemoalbiventris' was detected in white-eared opossums (Didelphis albiventris) from southern and central-western Brazil. The present study aimed at: i) screening opossums for tick-borne (TBP) pathogens (Piroplasmida and Anaplasmataceae) and ii) detecting and characterizing hemoplasma species infecting opossums from Curitiba and Foz do Iguaçu cities in the Paraná State, southern Brazil. Thirty blood samples from white-eared opossums were evaluated by PCR assays. Animals were not infested by ectoparasites. The mammalian endogenous gapdh gene was consistently amplified in all samples. All opossums tested negative for Theileria/Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. by PCR based on 18S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes, respectively. A genus-specific PCR assay based on the 16S rRNA gene of hemoplasmas showed that three/13 (23.08%; CI 95%: 8.18-50.26%) opossums from Foz do Iguaçu were positive for hemotropic Mycoplasma sp. All opossums from Curitiba tested negative for hemoplasmas. Sequencing of both the 16S and 23S rRNA genes revealed that the animals were infected by 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris'. Although 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris' is prevalent in opossums in Brazil, clinical signs associated with its infection and its putative vectors remain unknown.


Assuntos
Didelphis , Infecções por Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma , Carrapatos , Animais , Brasil , Cidades , Mycoplasma/genética , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
9.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242536, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495143

RESUMO

Chromium (VI) a highly toxic metal, a major constituent of industrial waste. It is continuously release in soil and water, causes environmental and health related issues, which is increasing public concern in developing countries like Pakistan. The basic aim of this study was isolation and screening of chromium resistant bacteria from industrial waste collected from Korangi and Lyari, Karachi (24˚52'46.0"N 66˚59'25.7"E and 24˚48'37.5"N 67˚06'52.6"E). Among total of 53 isolated strains, seven bacterial strains were selected through selective enrichment and identified on the basis of morphological and biochemical characteristics. These strains were designated as S11, S13, S17, S18, S30, S35 and S48, resistance was determined against varying concentrations of chromium (100-1500 mg/l). Two bacterial strains S35 and S48 showed maximum resistance to chromium (1600 mg/l). Bacterial strains S35 and S48 were identified through 16S rRNA sequence and showed 99% similarity to Bacillus paranthracis and Bacillus paramycoides. Furthermore, growth condition including temperature and pH were optimized for both bacterial strains, showed maximum growth at temperature 30ºC and at optimum pH 7.5 and 6.5 respectively. It is concluded that indigenous bacterial strains isolated from metal contaminated industrial effluent use their innate ability to transform toxic heavy metals to less or nontoxic form and can offer an effective tool for monitoring heavy metal contamination in the environment.


Assuntos
Cromo , Metais Pesados , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
10.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246038, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495150

RESUMO

Isla Arena is located in the coordinate 20° 70´ N - 90° 45´ W, from Campeche, Mexico. In these estuaries, the ocean mixes with fresh water, and ecosystems are concentrated where petenes and pink flamingos proliferate. Crustaceans and mollusks abound in the sea. Despite its enormous marine wealth, there are no studies carried out on which halophilic microorganisms are present in these waters. In this work, the diversity and structure of the microbial community was investigated through a metagenomics approach and corroborated for sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. It was found that the phylum Fimicutes predominates with more than 50%, in almost the same proportion of the class Bacilli and with almost 41% of relative abundance of the order Bacillales. The sequencing results showed that one of the samples presented a high percentage of similarity (99.75%) using the Nucleotide BLAST program with a peculiar microorganism: Bacillus subtilis. This microorganism is one of the best characterized bacteria among the gram-positive ones. Our results demonstrate that B. subtilis can be an efficient source of proteases, lipases and cellulases, from halophilic microbial communities located in poorly explored areas.


Assuntos
Archaea , Microbiota , Bactérias/genética , México , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
11.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e245585, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495157

RESUMO

Many soil microorganisms' i.e., bacteria and fungi produce secondary metabolites called antibiotics. These are used for the treatment of some of the bacterial, fungal and protozoal diseases of humans. There is a need for isolation of a broad spectrum of antibiotics from microorganisms due to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In the present study two antibiotic producing bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bacillus cereus were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry of Hattar, Haripur Pakistan. Total 10 waste samples were collected from different industries (Marble, Ghee, Soap, Mineral, Steel, Poultry Feed, Pharmaceutical, Qarshi, Cosmetic and Glass). Thirty-three bacterial strains were isolated from industrial wastes of these ten different industries. Fourteen out of thirty-three bacterial strains exhibited antimicrobial activities against at least one of the test microbes considered in this study including Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The bacteria were isolated by standard serial dilution spread plate technique. Morphological characterization of the isolates was done by Gram staining. Nine bacterial isolates out of fourteen were initially identified as B. cereus and five as K. pneumoniae through biochemical characterization. The antibacterial activities were tested by well diffusion method. Maximum number of antibiotic producing bacteria were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry based on the results of primary screening, the most potential isolates S9, S19, S20, S22 and S23 were selected for secondary screening. The maximum activity against E. coli and S. aureus was recorded by bacterial isolate S19 i.e zones of inhibition of 6.5mm and 9mm while S20 showed 7.5mm and 6mm zones respectively. Molecular identification was carried out on the basis of 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Finally, the isolates were identified as B. cereus accession number LC538271and K. pneumoniae accession number MT078679. Analysis of bacterial extract S20 through GC-MS indicated the presence of 8 compounds of diverse nature and structure. Present study suggests that wastes of pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry may have antibiotic producing bacteria. These bacteria could be utilized for the production of antibiotics. B. cereus and K. pneumoniae isolated from wastes of poultry feed and pharmaceutical industries have the potential to produce antibiotics and could be used to control the microbial growth.


Assuntos
Resíduos Industriais , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais , RNA Ribossômico 16S
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495823

RESUMO

The novel, anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strain, ResAG-91T, was isolated from a faecal sample of a male human volunteer. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain ResAG-91T showed high similarity to the type strains of Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. equolifaciens and Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. celatus. Analysis of the whole draft genome sequences, i.e. digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI), of strain ResAG-91T and the type strains of Adlercreutzia species revealed that strain ResAG-91T represents a novel species of the genus Adlercreutzia. The genome size of strain ResAG-91T is 2.8 Mbp and the G+C content is 63.3 mol%. The major respiratory quinone of strain ResAG-91T was MMK-5 (methylmenaquinone). Major cellular fatty acids were C15 : 0 anteiso, C14 : 0 iso and C14 : 0 2-OH. Galactose and ribose were detected as major whole cell sugars. Furthermore, the peptidoglycan type of strain ResAG-91T was A1γ with meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified lipid, three unidentified phospholipids and five unidentified glycolipids. Strain ResAG-91T was able to metabolize the stilbene resveratrol into dihydroresveratrol. On the basis of this polyphasic approach, including phenotypical, molecular (16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequencing) and biochemical (fatty acids, quinones, polar lipids, peptidoglycan, whole cell sugars, Rapid ID32A and API20A) analyses, we propose the novel species Adlercreutzia rubneri sp. nov. with the type and only strain ResAG-91T (=DSM 111416T=JCM 34176T=LMG 31897T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Resveratrol , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
13.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 167-175, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the subgingival microbiota of Stage I/II periodontitis, gingivitis with different degrees of severity, and periodontal health in subjects in a Chinese young adult population. METHODS: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from 15 Stage I/II periodontitis patients, 38 gingivitis patients and 15 periodontally healthy individuals, all aged from 18 to 21 years. Gingivitis patients were divided into two subgroups according to the Bleeding Index (BI) of their sampled teeth: gingivitis with above median BI (G-HBI) and below median BI (G-LBI). The subgingival plaque samples were collected from teeth 16, 26, 36, 46, 11 and 31 according to FDI notation. The V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene of all the samples was sequenced and analysed. RESULTS: The Stage I/II periodontitis, gingivitis and periodontal health groups showed distinct subgingival microbiota profiles. When the gingivitis patients were stratified into two subgroups, the community structure of G-HBI showed no significant difference from early-stage periodontitis, but differed from G-LBI and the healthy group. Most periodontitis-related taxa were most abundant in Stage I/II periodontitis, followed by G-HBI, G-LBI and the periodontally healthy group. Porphyromonas gingivalis, Filifactor alocis, Tannerella forsythia, Saccharibacteria TM7 G-5 356, Lachnospiraceae G-8 500, Peptostreptococcaceae spp. and Syntrophomonadaceae VIIIG-1 435 were associated with Stage I/II periodontitis. Porphyromonas 275, Leptotrichia 417 and Saccharibacteria TM7 G-2 350 were associated with gingivitis. Porphyromonas gingivalis was significantly more abundant in G-HBI than in G-LBI. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this preliminary study, gingivitis and early-stage periodontitis were associated with an increased degree of dysbiosis in the subgingival microbiota in a Chinese young adult population.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Periodontite , China , Clostridiales , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491893

RESUMO

Cells of bacterial strains G9T and 7MK23T, isolated from forest soil samples collected from the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China, were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. Strain G9T was motile with single polar flagellum and grew at 12-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 4.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0-3.5 % NaCl (optimum, 1.5%, w/v); while strain 7MK23T was non-motile and grew at 12-42 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C), pH 2.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 4.5-6.5) and NaCl levels of 0-1.0 % (optimum, 0-0.5 %, w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that both isolates fell within the cluster of the genus Dyella. The closely related species (with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity >98.65%) of strain G9T were Dyella terrae JS14-6T (99.0 %), D. kyungheensis THG-B117T (98.8 %) and D. amyloliquefaciens DHC06T (98.7 %) while that of strain 7MK23T were D. mobilis DHON07T (99.2 %) and D. flava DHOC52T (99.1 %), but the average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strains G9T, 7MK23T and the closely related Dyella species listed above were in the ranges of 77.5-83.8 % and 22.0-27.0 %, much lower than the species demarcation lines of 95.5 and 70 %, respectively. Phylogenomic analyses using UBCG and Phylophlan also supported that these two strains represent two novel species of Dyella. The major fatty acids of strain G9T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and iso-C17 : 0 while that of strain 7MK23T were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Ubiquinone-8 was the only respiratory quinone detected in both strains. The polar lipids of strain G9T consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unknown phospholipids, aminophospholipids, aminolipids and lipid while strain 7MK23T contained phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine and several unknown phospholipids and aminophospholipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains G9T and 7MK23T were 64.7 and 63.4 mol%, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses as well as phenotypic data obtained, we propose that strains G9T and 7MK23T represent two novel species of the genus Dyella, for which the names Dyella telluris sp. nov. (type strain G9T=KACC 21725T=GDMCC 1.2132T) and Dyella acidiphila sp. nov. (type strain 7MK23T=KCTC 62739T=GDMCC 1.1446T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Florestas , Gammaproteobacteria , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501634

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains a global health issue for several reasons, such as the low vaccination rates and a lack of developed herd immunity to the evolution of SARS-CoV-2, as well as its potential inclination to elude neutralizing antibodies. It should be noted that the severity of the COVID-19 disease is significantly affected by the presence of co-infections. Comorbid conditions are caused not only by pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms but also by some representatives of the environmental microbiome. The presence of patients with moderate and severe forms of the disease in hospitals indicates the need for epidemiological monitoring of (1) bacterial pathogens circulating in hospitals, especially the ESKAPE group pathogens, and (2) the microbiome of various surfaces in hospitals. In our study, we used combined methods based on PCR and NGS sequencing, which are widely used for epidemiological monitoring. Through this approach, we identified the DNA of pathogenic bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, CoNS, and Achromobacter spp.) on various surfaces. We also estimated the microbiome diversity of surfaces and identified the potential reservoirs of infections using 16S rRNA profiling. Although we did not assess the viability of identified microorganisms, our results indicate the possible risks of insufficient regular disinfection of surfaces, regardless of department, at the Infectious Diseases Hospital. Controlling the transmission of nosocomial diseases is critical to the successful treatment of COVID-19 patients, the rational use of antimicrobial drugs, and timely decontamination measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bactérias/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Hospitais , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499595

RESUMO

A novel cellulase-producing actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-H7T, was isolated from coconut palm rhizosphere soil collected from Wenchang City, Hainan Province, PR China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was carried out to establish the status of this strain. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain NEAU-H7T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes, with highest similarity to Actinoplanes hulinensis NEAU-M9T (99.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The diagnostic sugars in cell hydrolysates were determined to be ribose, galactose and mannose. The major fatty acids (>10%) were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 0. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and two phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The amino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan was determined to be meso-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content was 71.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain NEAU-H7T formed a stable phyletic line with A. hulinensis NEAU-M9T. However, whole-genome phylogeny showed strain NEAU-H7T formed a stable phyletic line with A. hulinensis NEAU-M9T (99.2%), Actinoplanes campanulatus DSM 43148T (98.6%), Actinoplanes capillaceus DSM 44859T (98.3%) and Actinoplanes lobatus DSM 43150T (97.6%). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) results between them were 53.6 (50.9-56.2), 54.1 (51.3-56.9), 53.1 (50.3-55.9) and 52.9 % (50.1-55.6 %), and whole-genome average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between them were 93.7, 93.6, 93.5 and 93.5 %. The low dDDH and ANI values demonstrated that strain NEAU-H7T could be distinguished from its reference strains. Moreover, genomic analysis indicated that the strain NEAU-H7T had the potential to decompose cellulose and produce bioactive compounds. On the basis of morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain NEAU-H7T is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, with the name Actinoplanes flavus sp. nov. The type strain is NEAU-H7T (=CCTCC AA 2020034T=DSM 112042T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinoplanes , Celulase , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cocos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499596

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, coccus-shaped, obligately anaerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming bacterium, designated strain JN500902T, was isolated from the mud in a fermentation cellar used continuously over 30 years for Chinese strong-flavour baijiu production. Colonies were white, circular, convex and smooth-edged. Growth was observed at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 5.0-10 (optimum, pH 7.5), with 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl and with 0-4 % (v/v) ethanol. The Biolog assay demonstrated positive reactions of strain JN500902T in the metabolism of l-fucose and pyruvate. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %) consisted of C16 : 0 and C14 : 0. The major end metabolites of strain JN500902T were acetic acid and ethanol when incubated anaerobically in liquid reinforced clostridial medium. Acetate was the major organic acid end product. The complete genome size of strain JN500902T was 3 420 321 bp with 3327 identified genes. The G+C content was 43.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences affiliated strain JN500902T with the family Lachnospiraceae, having low sequence similarity (92.8 %) to the nearest type strain, Syntrophococcus sucromutans DSM 3224T and forming a clearly distinct branch. Core genome phylogenetic analysis of the isolate and 134 strains belonging to the family Lachnospiraceae also revealed that strain JN500902T was well-separated from other genera of this family as a monophyletic clade. The average nucleotide identity and amino acid identity values between strain JN500902T and 134 Lachnospiraceae strains were less than 74 and 65 %, respectively. Considering its polyphasic characteristics, strain JN500902T represents a novel genus and species within the family Lachnospiraceae, for which the name Novisyntrophococcus fermenticellae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JN500902T (=CICC 24502T=JCM 33939T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Clostridiales , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fermentação , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499597

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming rod, aerobic, motile bacterium, designated SJY3T, was isolated from soil samples collected from a Pu-erh tea cellar in Bolian Pu-erh tea estate Co. Ltd. in Pu'er city, Yunnan, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Massilia. The closest phylogenetic relative was Massilia arenae CICC 24458T (99.5 %), followed by M. timonae CCUG45783T (97.9 %), M. oculi CCUG43427AT (97.8 %), and M. aurea DSM 18055T (97.8 %). The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 5.97 M bp and a G+C content of 65.4 mol%. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values were all below the threshold. Although the 16S rRNA gene similarity of stain SJY3T and Massilia arenae CICC 24458T was more than 99 %, the gANI, dDDH values and genomic tree clearly indicated that they were not of the same species. In summary, strain SJY3T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Massilia puerhi sp. nov. with the type strain SJY3T (=CGMCC 1.17158T=KCTC 82193T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Chá
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499598

RESUMO

A novel species within the genus Eikenella is described, based on the phenotypical, biochemical and genetic characterization of a strain of a facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium. Strain S3360T was isolated from the throat swab of a patient sampled during routine care at a hospital. Phylogenetic analyses (full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences) placed the strain in the genus Eikenella, separate from all recognized species but with the closest relationship to Eikenella longinqua (NML 02-A-017T). Eikenella is one of the genera in the HACEK group known to be responsible for rare cases of endocarditis in humans. Until the recent descriptions of Eikenella exigua, Eikenella halliae and Eikenella longinqua, Eikenella corrodens had been the only validly published species in this genus since its description as Bacteroides corrodens in 1958. Unlike these species, strain S3360T is able to metabolize carbohydrates (glucose). The average nucleotide identities of strain S3360T with E. longinqua (NML 02-A-017T) and E. corrodens (NCTC 10596T), the type species of the genus, were 90.5 and 84.7 %, respectively, and the corresponding genome-to-genome distance values were 41.3 and 29.0 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain S3360T was 58.4 mol%. Based on the phenotypical, biochemical and genetic findings, strain S3360T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Eikenella, for which the name Eikenella glucosivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S3360T (DSM 110714T=CCOS 1935T=CCUG 74293T). In addition, an emendation of the genus Eikenella is proposed to include species which are saccharolytic.


Assuntos
Eikenella , Faringe , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(10): 3782-3790, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410465

RESUMO

The bacterial strain 42Xb2 T was isolated from a female adult krill Nyctiphanes simplex infected with the apostome parasitoid ciliate Pseudocollinia brintoni in January 2007 in the Gulf of California. The strain has the morphological, phenotypic, and molecular characteristics of the bacteria of the family Vibrionaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence has a similarity of 97.7% with Enterovibrio pacificus SW014 T and 96.1% similarity with Enterovibrio norvegicus LMG 19839 T. A phylogenomic and a multilocus sequence analyses placed this strain close to the genera Enterovibrio, Grimontia, and Salinivibrio, but clearly forming a separate branch from these bacterial genera. Genomic analyses presented further support this result. A novel genus Veronia gen. nov. and a species Veronia nyctiphanis sp. nov. is here described with CAIM 600 T (= DSM 24592 T = CECT 7578 T) as the type strain. Morphological, physiological, and genetic evidence presented here support the unification of Enterovibrio pacificus and Veronia nyctiphanis in the new genus Veronia. Enterovibrio pacificus is reclassified as Veronia pacifica. V. pacifica is assigned as the type species of the new genus Veronia.Genome Sequencing Data The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession numbers for the genome sequence of Veronia nyctiphanis CAIM 600 T is PEIB01 and of Enterovibrio pacificus CAIM 1920 T is LYBM01. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of V. nyctiphanis CAIM 600 T is JX129353.


Assuntos
Euphausiacea , Vibrionaceae , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Feminino , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Estômago , Vibrionaceae/genética
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