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1.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(9): 1736-1749, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559755

RESUMO

The development of orally administrated heparin drugs requires a systematic understanding of the interaction between heparin and gut flora. The in vivo distribution of fluorescein-labeled heparin that is orally administrated by mice was observed using fluorescein microscopy. In addition, the stability of heparin in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids, as well as the in vitro degradation of heparin by gut flora were detected by HPLC. The results show that orally administrated heparin was mainly distributed in the gastrointestinal tract of mice, and exerted structural stability under the condition of simulated gastric and intestinal fluids in vitro. However, heparin could be degraded by intestinal flora cultured in medium containing heparin. In order to further study the effect of orally administrated heparin on intestinal flora in mice, the fecal microbiota 16S rRNA fragment of C57BL/6J mice was tested by the Illumina Mi-Seq high-throughput sequencing technology. Compared with the gut flora of mice that orally administrated by saline, the biodiversity of gut flora in mice with orally administrated heparin was decreased. The difference of microflora structure was not significant at the phylum level, and the relative abundance of Alistipes, Parasutterella and Akkermansia was increased at the genus level, and the relative abundance of Bilophila, Enterorhabdus, Ruminiclostridium, Prevotellaceae_UCG_001, Ruminiclostridium-9, Bacteroides, Lachnoclostridium, Candidatus, Saccharimonas, Intestinimonas and Dubosiella was reduced. These findings indicate that heparin could influence the gut flora of mice. In addition, no obvious toxic and side effects were found in mice that orally administrated heparin, suggesting the safety of orally administrated heparin.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Heparina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Ribossômico 16S
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(9): 2735-2738, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483242

RESUMO

Early characterization of strains designated into the genera Entomoplasma and Mesoplasma was based upon biological and chemical characteristics. With the advent of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as an added taxonomic character, it became clear that the two genera did not form distinct and separate monophyletic clusters. A genome-level analysis of all 17 validly published species within the family Entomoplasmataceae has recently been performed. Phylogenetic analyses, comparisons of gene content, and the lack of genus-specific genes supported that species from the two genera are intermixed and should not be taxonomically separated. This level of analysis clearly reveals the necessity to revise the taxonomy of this family by merging the two genera into one, Entomoplasma. Additionally, it was definitively determined that the strain originally designated as Acholeplasma multilocale resides in this cluster and should be formally renamed as Entomoplasma multilocale. Merging Mesoplasma and Entomoplasma yields a paraphyletic genus, but is supported by cell morphology and ecology to be distinguished from the genera Spiroplasma and Mycoplasma.


Assuntos
Entomoplasmataceae/classificação , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122021, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514121

RESUMO

The intrinsic reason determining digestion performance of 100-160 °C preheated food waste after recovering floatable oil (FO-recovered FW) was investigated using two-dimensional correlated infrared spectroscopy, three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy and high-throughput 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. The results indicated that thermal temperature significantly affected CH4 production of FO-recovered FW due to different structural alteration degree of starch, protein, cellulose and lipid components. Fragmentation of starch mainly occurred at 100 °C. The hydrolytic and acidogenic rate of starch was promoted and accordingly induced rapid growth of carbohydrate-fermenting bacteria, which resulted in severe acidification. Protein hydrolysis and cellulose H-bonds cleavage occurring at 120-160 °C accelerated the accessible sites interacting with microbial hydrolytic enzymes, and growth of Cloacimonetes and Syntrophomonas enhanced CH4 production. Non-degradable humic acid-like organics remarkably formed at 160 °C caused a carbon loss and digestion inhibiting/deteriorating. Pretreatment at 120 °C was feasible for promoted methane production based on energy assessment.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Metano , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Temperatura Ambiente
4.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 68-79, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400786

RESUMO

Chlorpyrifos is a pesticide frequently detected in food and has been reported to disturb endocrine and gut health, which was regulated by gut microbiota and enteroendocrine cells. In this study, newly weaned (3 week) and adult (8 week) male rats fed a normal- or high- fat diet were chronically exposed to 0.3 mg chlorpyrifos/kg bodyweight/day. The effects of chlorpyrifos exposure on serum hormone levels, proinflammatory cytokines and gut microbiota were evaluated. Chronic exposure to chlorpyrifos significantly decreased the concentrations of luteinizing hormone, follicule stimulating hormone and testosterone, which was found only in the normal-fat diet. The counteracted effect of high-fat diet was also found in gut hormones and proinflammatory cytokines. Significantly higher concentrations of glucagon-like peptide-1, pancreatic polypeptide, peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY), ghrelin, gastric inhibitory poly-peptide, IL-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and TNF-α were found in rats exposed to chlorpyrifos beginning at newly weaned, whereas only the PYY, ghrelin and IL-6 concentrations increased significantly in rats exposed in adulthood. Furthermore, a decrease in epinephrine induced by chlorpyrifos exposure was found in rats exposed to chlorpyrifos beginning at newly weaned, regardless of their diet. Chlorpyrifos-induced disturbances in the microbiome community structure were more apparent in rats fed a high-fat diet and exposed beginning at newly weaned. The affected bacteria included short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria (Romboutsia, Turicibacter, Clostridium sensu stricto 1, norank_f_Coriobacteriaceae, Faecalibaculum, Parasutterella and norank_f__Erysipelotrichaceae), testosterone-related genus (Turicibacter, Brevibacterium), pathogenic bacteria (Streptococcus), and inflammation-related bacteria (unclassified_f__Ruminococcaceae, Ruminococcaceae_UCG-009, Parasutterella, Oscillibacter), which regulated the endocrine system via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, as well as the immune response and gut barrier. Early exposure accelerated the endocrine-disturbing effect and immune responses of chlorpyrifos, although these effects can be eased or recovered by a high-fat diet. This study helped clarify the relationship between disrupted endocrine function and gut microbiota dysbiosis induced by food contaminants such as pesticides.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Animais , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
5.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 67: 37-48, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419763

RESUMO

Previous studies have begun to characterize the microbial community dynamics of the skin, soil, gut, and oral cavities of decomposing remains. One area that has yet to be explored in great detail is the microbiome of the fly larval mass, the community of immature flies that plays a significant role in decomposition. The current study aimed to characterize the microbiology and chemistry of larval masses established on pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) carcasses and to determine if these characteristics have potential as temporal evidence. Carcasses (n = 3) were decomposed on the soil surface of a tropical habitat on Oahu, Hawaii, USA and sampled over three days at 74 h, 80 h, 98 h, 104 h, 122 h, and 128 h (∼85-142 Accumulated Degree Days) postmortem. Larval masses were analyzed via high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing and in situ chemical measurements (pH, temperature, oxidation-reduction potential). A trend was observed that resulted in three distinct microbial communities (pre-98 h, 98 h, and post-98 h). The oxidation-reduction potential (Eh) of larval masses apparently regulated microbial community structure with the most negative Eh being associated with the least rich and diverse microbial communities. Overall, a significant interaction between time and taxa was observed, particularly with bacterial phyla Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. The current results provide new insight into the microbial community and chemical parameters of larval masses and indicate a temporal shift that could be further studied as a PMI estimator.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Larva/química , Larva/microbiologia , Microbiota , Mudanças Depois da Morte , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Entomologia , Patologia Legal , Hawaii , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Animais , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Suínos
6.
J Microbiol ; 57(9): 759-768, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376108

RESUMO

The cultivation of microbial species remains a primary challenge in microbiology and obtaining pure cultures is essential for the study of microbial physiology and function. When isolating microorganisms from aquaculture environments, Vibrio are the most dominate isolates on the media that are commonly used. In order to expand our ability to study microbial species, an easy-operation and low-cost medium that can reduce the interference of Vibrio strains and increase the cultivability of other bacteria is urgently needed. We compared viable cell counts on conventional media (CM; including Marine Agar 2216 and LB media) and diluted media (DM; including 1/10-Marine Agar 2216, 1/10-LB). We also assessed the diversity of cultivable microorganisms under high and low nutrient conditions by a plate-wash strategy coupled with high-throughput sequencing of the V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene. The results show that microbial communities from DM, especially 1/10-Marine Agar 2216, are more diverse than those obtained from CM. Vibrio isolates were reduced on DM. PICRUSt analysis revealed that nutrient composition is a significant contributor to the diversity and function of the cultivable microbial communities. Bacteria grown on CM possess more pathogenic characteristics, whereas DM favors the growth of bacteria that have multiple metabolic functions. Collectively, our data provide strong evidence that dilution of CM influences the cultivability of bacteria from aquaculture seawater. It also supports that DM can expand the range of microbial species that can be cultivated. This study also provides insights for media design in microbial cultivation from aquaculture systems.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Vibrio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Meios de Cultura/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação , Vibrio/metabolismo
7.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(9): 132, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432260

RESUMO

This paper aims to characterize halophilic bacteria inhabiting Algerian Saline Ecosystems (Sebkha and Chott) located in arid and semi-arid ecoclimate zones (Northeastern Algeria). In addition, screening of enzymatic activities, heavy metal tolerance and antagonistic potential against phytopathogenic fungi were tested. A total of 74 bacterial isolates were screened and phylogenetically characterized using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The results showed a heterogeneous group of microorganisms falling within two major phyla, 52 strains belonging to Firmicutes (70.2%) and 22 strains (30.8%) of γ-Proteobacteria. In terms of main genera present, the isolates were belonging to Bacillus, Halobacillus, Lentibacillus, Oceanobacillus, Paraliobacillus, Planomicrobium, Salicola, Terribacillus, Thalassobacillus, Salibacterium, Salinicoccus, Virgibacillus, Halomonas, Halovibrio, and Idiomarina. Most of the enzymes producers were related to Bacillus, Halobacillus, and Virgibacillus genera and mainly active at 10% of growing salt concentrations. Furthermore, amylase, esterase, gelatinase, and nuclease activities ranked in the first place within the common hydrolytic enzymes. Overall, the isolates showed high minimal inhibitory concentration values (MIC) for Ni2+ and Cu2+ (0.625 to 5 mM) compared to Cd2+ (0.1 to 2 mM) and Zn2+ (0.156 to 2 mM). Moreover, ten isolated strains belonging to Bacillus, Virgibacillus and Halomonas genera, displayed high activity against the pathogenic fungi (Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxyporum, F. verticillioides and Phytophthora capsici). This study on halophilic bacteria of unexplored saline niches provides potential sources of biocatalysts and novel bioactive metabolites as well as promising candidates of biocontrol agents and eco-friendly tools for heavy metal bioremediation.


Assuntos
Antibiose , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biota , Microbiologia Ambiental , Salinidade , Argélia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hidrolases/análise , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(7): 2345-2351, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418238

RESUMO

Clubroot, caused by the soil-borne obligate pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae, is one of the most severe disease in cruciferous crops. Previous studies showed that when oilseed rape was planted after soybean (namely soybean-oilseed rotation), the incidence and severity of clubroot of oilseed rape could be significantly reduced, compared with that with oilseed rape-oilseed rape conti-nuous cropping. Therefore, the soybean-oilseed rape rotation is a good way to suppress clubroot of oilseed rape. In this study, we compared the rhizosphere microbiome of soybean and oilseed rape rhizosphere soil collected from the field by 16S rRNA (for identification of prokaryotes) and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) (for identification of fungi) sequencing. The results showed that both soybean and oilseed rape rhizosphere soils had Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Ascomycota, Zygomycota, Basidiomycota and Chytridiomycota. Many microbial genera (e.g., Flavobacterium, Sphingomonas, Bacillus, Streptomyces, Pseudomonas, Trichoderma and Coniothyrium) with activities of biological control and plant growth promotion were more abundant in soybean rhizosphere soil than in the oilseed rape rhizosphere soil. The abundance of plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi was higher in the oilseed rape rhizosphere soil than in the soybean rhizosphere soil. Moreover, the soybean rhizosphere soil was enriched with Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium (both for nitrogen fixation), and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus). These results indicated that soybean rhizosphere soil could promote the growth and proliferation of beneficial microorga-nisms, but inhibit that of plant pathogens. Our results provide evidence for explanation of the effectiveness of soybean-oilseed rape rotation to control clubroot of oilseed rape and provide potential bio-control resources for clubroot prevention.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Brassica rapa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brassica rapa/microbiologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Soja/microbiologia
9.
Vet Parasitol ; 273: 71-79, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446256

RESUMO

Tick-borne diseases (TBD) constitute an important group of illness affecting animals and humans worldwide. In Brazil, carthorses are frequently exposed to ticks and tick-borne pathogens, leading to impairment of horse performance and imposing restrictions by the international veterinary authorities for the importation of horses. Accordingly, this study has aimed to i) determine the prevalence of the TBD agents Theileria equi, Babesia caballi, Ehrlichia spp., and hemotropic mycoplasmas in carthorses, ii) identify the tick species parasitizing the animals, and iii) determine factors associated with exposure/infection in Foz do Iguaçu City, Parana state, southern Brazil. A total of 103 carthorses were screened for anti-T. equi and anti-Ehrlichia spp. antibodies by indirect fluorescent antibody assays (IFA). Samples were also tested by PCR assays targeting the 18S rRNA gene of T. equi and B. caballi, and 16S rRNA gene of hemoplasmas. Additionally, PCR assays targeting the 16S rRNA, disulfide bond formation protein (dsb) and tandem repeat proteins 36 (trp36) genes of Ehrlichia spp. were also performed. Antibodies to T. equi and Ehrlichia spp. were detected in 43/103 (41.75%; 95% CI: 32.10-51.88%) and 5/103 (4.85%; 95% CI: 1.59-10.97%) horses by IFA, respectively. DNA of T. equi and B. caballi were found in 25/103 (24.27%; 95% CI: 16.36-33.71%) and 10/103 (9.71%; 95% CI: 4.75-17.13%) carthorses, respectively, and all tested negative for Ehrlichia spp. and hemoplasmas. All sequences showed ≥99% identity with multiple T. equi and B. caballi 18S rRNA gene sequences deposited in GenBank. Overall, 191 Dermacentor nitens ticks were collected from 25/103 (24.27%) animals. Carthorses older than 5 years were more likely to be positive for T. equi (p < 0.05). In conclusion, equine piroplasmosis agents are highly prevalent in carthorses from Foz do Iguaçu City. The low prevalence of Ehrlichia spp. found may be due to the absence of Amblyomma ticks infesting animals, which should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Cavalos/microbiologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/parasitologia , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Carrapatos/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Cavalos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Theileria/genética , Infestações por Carrapato/microbiologia , Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/microbiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/parasitologia
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3128-3134, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364963

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive actinobacterial strain, designated C9-28T, was isolated from soil sampled in a natural cave on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Strain C9-28T morphologically exhibited a rod-coccus life cycle and grew at 10-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 7) and 0-3 % (optimum, absence of NaCl). In the maximum-likelihood tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain C9-28T formed a sublineage between a Rhodococcus equi-Rhodococcus soli-Rhodococcus agglutinans clade and the type strain of Rhodococcus defluvii. The closest relatives of strain C9-28T were the type strains of R. defluvii (98.88 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), R. equi (98.88 %) and R. soli (98.60 %). The phylogenomic tree based on whole genome sequences supported the distinct position of the novel strain within the genus Rhodococcus. The following chemotaxonomic characteristics also supported the assignment to the genus: meso-diaminopimelic acid; arabinose and galactose in whole-cell hydrolysates; the predominant menaquinone of MK-8(H2); and polar lipids including diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, three unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C18 : 1ω9c and C14 : 0. Based on the values of average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization from whole genome sequences, and in vitro DNA-DNA hybridization between the isolate and the closest relatives, strain C9-28T (=KACC 19823T=DSM 107559T) represents a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcussubtropicus sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodococcus/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodococcus/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3041-3048, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395120

RESUMO

A novel irregularly shaped and slightly curved rod bacterial strain, GLDI4/2T, showing activity of fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase was isolated from a faecal sample of an adult gelada baboon (Theropithecus gelada). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes as well as multilocus sequences (representing fusA, gyrB and xfp genes) and the core genome revealed that GLDI4/2T exhibited phylogenetic relatedness to Alloscardovia omnicolens DSM 21503T and to Alloscardovia macacae DSM 24762T. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed the phylogenetic results showing the highest gene sequence identity with strain A. omnicolens DSM 21503T (96.0 %). Activities of α- and ß-gluco(galacto)sidases were detected in strain GLDI4/2T, which is characteristic for almost all members of the family Bifidobacteriaceae. Compared to other Alloscardovia species its DNA G+C content (43.8 mol%) was very low. Phylogenetic studies and the evaluation of phenotypic characteristics, including the results of biochemical, physiological and chemotaxonomic analyses, confirmed the novel species status for strain GLDI4/2T, for which the name Alloscardoviatheropitheci sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GLDI4/2T (=DSM 106019T=JCM 32430T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Theropithecus/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Aldeído Liases , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Itália , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 2966-2971, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418670

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated LHW52908T, was isolated from a marine sponge, Leucettachagosensis, collected in the South China Sea. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LHW52908T was member of the family Geodermatophilaceae, with highest similarities to Geodermatophilus obscurus DSM 43160T (97.7 %), Geodermatophilus siccatus CF6T (97.6 %) and Geodermatophiluschilensis B12T (97.5 %). Multilocus sequence analysis confirmed that the strain should be a member of genus Geodermatophilus. Chemotaxonomic characteristics confirmed the genus-level affiliation of strain LHW52908T. Based on phylogenetic data, average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization results, strain LHW52908T could be distinguished from its closest neighbours, representing a novel species of the genus Geodermatophilus, for which the name Geodermatophilusmarinus sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain LHW52908T (=DSM 106570T=CCTCC AA 2018014T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Poríferos/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 677, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, the association between high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection and the vaginal microbiome in pregnant women was evaluated in Chinese cohorts. METHODS: The vaginal bacterial composition of four groups, 38 hrHPV-infected pregnant women (PHR, n = 38), pregnant women without HPV infection (PN, n = 48), nonpregnant women with hrHPV infection (NPHR, n = 19) and nonpregnant women without HPV infection (NPN, n = 30), was characterized by deep sequencing of barcoded 16S rRNA gene fragments (V3-4) using Illumina MiSeq. RESULTS: The results revealed that both pregnancy and HPV infection can increase vaginal bacterial microbial richness and diversity, with the bacterial composition being most influenced by pregnancy. Lactobacillus was the most dominant genus among all samples. NPN samples were dominated by CST (community state type) III, mainly composed of Lactobacillus iners. Both pregnancy and hrHPV infection were accompanied by an increased proportion of CST I (dominated by Lactobacillus crispatus), as opposed to CST III. Bifidobacterium, Bacillus, Megasphaera, Sneathia, Prevotella, Gardnerella, Fastidiosipila and Dialister were found to be biomarkers for hrHPV-infected women, though different genera (Bifidobacterium, Megasphaera, Bacillus, Acidovorax, Oceanobacillus and Lactococcus) were associated with hrHPV-infected pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: This work uncovered a probable synergistic effect of hrHPV infection and pregnancy on the vaginal microbial composition. HPV infection in pregnant women was associated with a more complex and diverse microbial environment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Infecções por Papillomavirus/microbiologia , Vagina/microbiologia , Vagina/virologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3022-3030, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364965

RESUMO

Two novel strains, designated YLB-02T and YLB-04T, were isolated from the deep-sea sediments of Yap Trench located in the Pacific Ocean. Cells of the strains were Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YLB-02T belonged to the genus Oceanobacillus and strain YLB-04T belonged to the genus Bacillus. Strain YLB-02T showed similarities of 96.9 % with Ornithinibacillus contaminans CCUG 53201T, 96.3 % with Oceanobacillus profundus CL-MP28T, 96.1 % with Oceanobacillus halophilus J8BT and 95.7 % with Oceanobacillus bengalensis Ma-21T. Strain YLB-04T showed the highest sequence similarity of 97.4 % with Bacillus notoginsengisoli SYP-B691T. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the DNA-DNA hybridisation (DDH) estimate values for strain YLB-02T and YLB-04T with their related type strains were below the respective threshold for species differentiation. The G+C contents of strains YLB-02T and YLB-04T were 37.3 and 45.4 mol%. The predominant (>10 %) cellular fatty acids of strain YLB-02T were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c alcohol, and those of strain YLB-04T were C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 0. Their predominant ubiquinone was MK-7. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain YLB-02T contained glutamic acid, alanine, aspartic acid, lysine and ornithine, but no meso-diaminopimelic acid, while strain YLB-04T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, aspartic acid, lysine and ornithine. In addition to diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG), the polar lipids of strain YLB-02T also consisted of an unidentified glycolipid (GL), two unidentified polar lipids (L1 and L2) and two unidentified phospholipids (PL1 and PL2), and those of strain YLB-04T also consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and an unidentified phospholipid (PL). Based on phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, two novel species are proposed, Oceanobacillus piezotolerans sp. nov. with YLB-02T (=MCCC 1A12699T=JCM 32870T) and Bacillus piezotolerans sp. nov. with YLB-04T (=MCCC 1A12711T=JCM 32872T) as the type strains.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Bacillus/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3293-3298, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385783

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and strictly aerobic bacterium, designated ZQ420T, was isolated from marine sediment sampled on Zhoushan Island located in the East China Sea. Strain ZQ420T was able to grow at 10-45 °C, 0-12.0 % (w/v) NaCl and pH 5.5-9.0. Catalase and oxidase activities, nitrate reduction, H2S production, hydrolysis of starch, casein, Tween 20, 40 and 80 were positive. Indole, methyl red, Voges-Proskauer test, hydrolysis of gelatin and Tween 60 were negative. The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c. Ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) was the only detected respiratory quinone. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 64.8 mol%. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain ZQ420T shared 97.9, 96.3 and 96.3 % similarities to the following species with validated names Pararhodobacteraggregans D1-19T, Pseudo rhodobacter psychrotolerans PAMC27389T and Pseudo rhodobacter collinsensis 4-T-34T, respectively. While sharing lower sequence similarities (<96.0 %) to other type species. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain ZQ420T and P. aggregans D1-19T formed an independent cluster in the phylogenetic trees. The average nucleotide identity value between strain ZQ420T and P. aggregans D1-19T was 79.1 %. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridization analysis revealed that strain ZQ420T shared 21.5 % DNA relatedness with P. aggregans D1-19T. On the basis of its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, strain ZQ420T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Pararhodobacter, for which the name Pararhodobactermarinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZQ420T (=KCTC 62579T=MCCC 1K03530T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3148-3154, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385778

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, obligate aerobic, motile, rod-shaped, and flagellated bacterium, designated S11R28T, was isolated from the intestinal tract of a Korean shiner, Coreoleuciscus splendidus. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain S11R28T was identified as member of the genus Undibacterium in class Betaproteobacteria, and was closely related to Undibacterium parvum DSM 23061T (98.49 %). The isolate grew at 4-25 °C, pH 6-9, with 0 % (w/v) NaCl, and grew optimally at 20 °C, pH 8, in the absence of NaCl. The main cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed features 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The strain possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine as predominant polar lipids, and ubiquinone Q-8 as a respiratory quinone. The polyamine profile composed of 2-hydroxyputrescine, spermidine, putrescine, and benzoic acid. A genomic DNA G+C content was 51.4 mol%. The average nucleotide identity between strains S11R28T and U. parvum DSM 23061T was 78.66 %. Thus, Undibacterium piscinae can be considered a novel species within the genus Undibacterium with the type strain S11R28T (=KCTC 62668T=JCM 33224T).


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/microbiologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Poliaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3299-3304, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395107

RESUMO

A halophilic archaeaon, strain LT12T, was isolated from saline soil sampled at the Tarim Basin, PR China. The novel strain stained Gram-negative, cells were rod-shaped, and formed light red-pigmented colonies on agar plate. Strain LT12T grew optimally at 3.1 M NaCl, 0.05 M MgCl2, 37 °C and pH 7.5. The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 1.4 M. Based on the results of phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes, strain LT12T was most closely related to Halostella salina CBA1114T(94.4-95.9  and 93.6 % similarities, respectively). The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain LT12T and H. salina CBA1114T were 81.0 and 24.3 %, respectively. The major polar lipids of strain LT12T were phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and three unidentified glycolipids. The DNA G+C content was 67.2 mol % (genome). Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain LT12T represents a novel species of the genus Halostella for which the name Halostellalimicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LT12T (=CGMCC 1.14941T=JCM 30667T).


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Glicolipídeos/química , Halobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3170-3177, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395108

RESUMO

Ten strains of an Actinobacillus-like organism were isolated from alpaca (Vicugna pacos) in the UK over a period of 5 years, with no known epidemiological linkages. The isolates are distinct, based on both phenotype and genotype, from any previously described Actinobacillus species. Molecular analysis, based on 16S rRNA, rpoB and infB gene sequences, placed the isolates as a novel, early branching, lineage within the currently recognised Actinobacillus sensu stricto. In agreement with the results of the single-gene analysis, average nucleotide identity values, based on whole genome sequences, showed very similar identities to a number of members of the Actinobacillus sensu stricto notably Actinobacillus equuli, Actinobacillus suis and Actinobacillus ureae. At least two phenotypic characteristics differentiate the alpaca isolates from other Actinobacillus sensu stricto species, and from taxa likely falling within this group but awaiting formal species description, with Actinobacillus anseriformium and A. equulisubsp. haemolyticus being the most closely related phenotypically. The alpaca isolates can be differentiated from A. anseriformium by production of ß-galactosidase (ONPG) and acid from raffinose, and from A. equulisubsp. haemolyticus by production of acid from d-sorbitol and failure to produce acid from d-xylose. Isolates were obtained from multiple sites in alpaca including respiratory tract, alimentary tract and internal organs although further evidence is required to understand any pathogenic significance. Based on the results of characterization described here, it is proposed that the isolates constitute a novel species, Actinobacillus vicugnae sp. nov. The type strain is W1618T (LMG30745T NCTC14090T) isolated in the UK in 2012 from oesophageal ulceration in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos).


Assuntos
Actinobacillus/classificação , Camelídeos Americanos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Genes Bacterianos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Reino Unido
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3305-3309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418672

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, beige-coloured, motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated as E84T, was isolated from sediment sampled from a marine solar saltern in Wendeng, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that Rhodosalinus sediminis WDN1C137T was the closest phylogenetic relationship, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.9 %. Optimal growth occurred at 33-37 °C (range, 20-40 °C), at pH 7.5 (pH 7.0-8.5) and with 6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (0.5-20.0 %). The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and cyclo C19 : 0ω8c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain E84T was 69.8 mol%. Based on the results of physiological, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses, we concluded that strain E84T represents a novel species of the genus Rhodosalinus, for which the name Rhodosalinus halophilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E84T (=KCTC 52697T=MCCC 1H00231T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Water Sci Technol ; 79(12): 2310-2317, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411585

RESUMO

In wastewater treatment plants the antagonistic activities of actinomycetes could be contributing significantly in microbe-removing mechanisms, which are a combination of different factors. For this purpose, out of 58 actinomycetes isolates from a wastewater treatment plant in Al-Fayoum Governorate, Egypt, only 36 different morphological isolates were selected for further studies. Although 35 isolates (97.23%) were active against one or more of tested bacteria, WD5 isolate had broad-spectrum antagonistic activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive tested bacteria. WD5 ethyl acetate extract recorded the highest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 96 (23 mm) and the lowest antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2453 (11 mm). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of extract using available NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) library data identified seven bioactive compounds: 2-methylbutyl acetate, 3',5'-dinitrobenzoic acid, 1-octadecene, tetradecane, dodecane, docosane, and methylamine,N,N-bis(N.-decyl). Many earlier studies mentioned the antibacterial activity of all above seven compounds. The 16S rRNA sequence of WD5 was recorded in GenBank under the accession number MK491056 and confirmed by comparing it with the known 16S rRNA sequences in GenBank as Streptomyces sp. These results indicated antagonistic activity of actinomycetes in the removal of wastewater-associated bacteria.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Actinomyces , Antibacterianos , Egito , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
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