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1.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 855-864, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028053

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examines the difference in the oral microbiome during pregnancy and the postpartum period of a Chinese population, with the focus on P. gingivalis, P. intermedia and P. nigrescens and their shift during pregnancy, in order to understand the host-microbe relationship in maintaining homeostasis during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a total of 117 women who underwent prenatal or regular examinations at four public hospitals, including 84 pregnant and 33 postpartum women. Women in the postpartum group were examined within 0.5-1 year after delivery, while the pregnant group was divided into early pregnancy (0-13 weeks), middle pregnancy (14-27 weeks), and late pregnancy (28-39 weeks) according to gestational age. Sociodemographic parameters were self-reported by recruited women. The study required evaluations of probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and plaque index (PlI). Unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected for the detection of P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, and P. nigrescens. Bacterial populations were evaluated using 16S rRNA-based polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: P. nigrescens exhibited higher prevalence in the pregnant group compared to the postpartum group (45.67% vs 12.10%, p < 0.01). P. nigrescens was more frequently detected in late than in early pregnancy (57.7% vs 48.3%, p < 0.05) and middle pregnancy (57.7% vs 31.0%, p < 0.01). Initially high prevalence of P. gingivalis in early pregnancy wanes in middle and late pregnancy (69.0%, 44.8%, 38.5%). However, the prevalence of P. gingivalis in the postpartum group (81.8%) exceeds all of the pregnant groups (p < 0.01). The change in the prevalence of P. intermedia among different groups was not statistically significant. The percentages of bleeding on probing (BOP%) sites and PD ≥4 mm sites in the postpartum group were statistically significantly higher when compared with each of the pregnant groups (p < 0.01). During pregnancy, women experienced elevated PlI, BI, PD, and BOP% (p < 0.05). The proportions of subjects in the pregnant group who agreed with the statements 'Gingival bleeding is normal', 'Can't brush teeth within 1st month postpartum', 'It's unnecessary to see a dentist if not uncomfortable' were 39.3%, 28.6%, and 35.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: P. nigrescens is more related than P. gingivalis to pregnancy status. The periodontal status of Chinese women progressively deteriorates during pregnancy and persists into the postpartum period, which may result from lack of dental care knowledge.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Doenças Periodontais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040503

RESUMO

Objective:To compare the nasal microbiota diversity between chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp(CRSwNP) patients and controls, postoperative recurrent with non-recurrent CRSwNP, in order to provide new sight in CRSwNP treatment and prognosis. Method:Forty-eight patients with CRSwNP were recruited as the experimental group, and 33 patients who underwent FESS and had no sinus inflammatory disease, including nasal septum deviation,inverted papilloma, pituitary adenomas, chronic dacryocystitis,or optical canal fractures, were recruited as control group. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA was used to detect the bacterial communities in the nasal secretion which was collected from middle meatus during the operation. The difference of the microbiota diversity between CRSwNP and controls was compared. Patients with CRSwNP were followed up for 1 year after surgery to observe whether they had relapsed or not, and nasal secretions were collected again for bacterial microbiota detection. The difference between postoperative and preoperative microbiota of the non-recurrent CRSwNP were compared, and the difference between postoperative and preoperative microbiota of the recurrent CRSwNP were compared. Result:One year after surgery, 12 cases of CRSwNP recurred(recurrent rate 25%). The clinical history of the recurrent group was longer than that of the non-recurrent group(P=0.018), and the preoperative CT score(P=0.001), nasal polyp size score(P=0.004) and the severity of postnasal drip symptom(P=0.032) in the recurrent group were significantly higher than non-recurrent group. Comparing the preoperative nasal microbiota of CRSwNP with control, there was no significant difference about the richness, α diversity and ß diversity, but the relative abundance of Actinobacteria(FDR P=0.004) and Corynebacterium(FDR P=0.005) of CRSwNP were significantly lower than that of control. After operation, the relative abundance of Actinobacteria(FDR P=0.012) and Corynebacterium(FDR P=0.003) increased, while the Bacteroidetes(FDR P=0.040) decreased in the non-recurrent CRSwNP; However, there was no change in the nasal bacterial microbiota in the recurrent group. Conclusion:CRSwNP was associated with nasal bacterial dysbiosis, and the postoperative improvement of dysbiosis was correlated with the prognosis of CRSwNP.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Pólipos Nasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Humanos , Pólipos Nasais/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sinusite/cirurgia
3.
Zootaxa ; 4779(3): zootaxa.4779.3.2, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055776

RESUMO

Elachistocleis is a Neotropical genus of microhylid frogs with 18 species, most of which occur east of the Andes in South America. Here, we present a new phylogeny of Gastrophryninae and describe and name a new species of Elachistocleis from southern Ecuador-the first to be found west of the Andes and also the first from Ecuador. Our phylogeny is based on DNA sequences of the mitochondrial genes 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, COI, and the nuclear genes BDNF, cmyc2, H3A, 28S, SIA1, and Tyr. Elachistocleis araios sp. n., is the sister species of all other Elachistocleis. The finding of this taxon highlights the probability of the existence of more Elachistocleis species west of the Andes.


Assuntos
Anuros , Animais , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 703, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057929

RESUMO

Humans can be infected by pathogenic Leptospira through contact with infected animals or contaminated environments. Recreational exposure has been associated with human leptospirosis; however, there is a lack of information on the distribution of Leptospira spp. in recreational areas. Thus, we conducted this study to detect and describe the distributions of Leptospira spp. and to determine the prevalence of pathogenic leptospires at recreational areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Soil and water samples were randomly collected from 33 recreational areas in Peninsular Malaysia from December 2018 to April 2019. Each culture was examined under dark-field microscopy prior to genus confirmation by polymerase chain reaction using primers for the 16S rRNA gene. A total of 390 water and soil samples were collected, and 131 cultures were positive for Leptospira under dark-field microscope examination. Leptospira was identified in most of the recreational areas sampled, and at least one pathogenic Leptospira species was isolated from 17 recreational areas. The prevalence of saprophytic, intermediate, and pathogenic Leptospira spp. was 19.7%, 5.6%, and 8.2%, respectively. The dominant pathogenic species found in the samples was Leptospira kmetyi. This study provides important data on the distribution and prevalence of Leptospira spp. from soil and water, as well as the dominant pathogenic species, at recreational areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Therefore, preventive measures should be taken to ensure the safety of visitors.


Assuntos
Leptospira , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Leptospira/genética , Malásia/epidemiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
5.
J Environ Qual ; 49(1): 210-219, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016351

RESUMO

Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) is an invasive, cool-season grass commonly dominating wetlands with high nutrient loads. Its impact on nitrogen removal via denitrification in wetlands is unknown. Most studies of denitrification in treatment wetlands have focused on the effects of physical or chemical variables and not on the effects of plant roots on the soil environment. The purpose of this study was to measure effects of plant type on denitrification rates in typical wetland soils of the midwestern United States by comparing wet prairie mix, switchgrass-dominated, and reed canary grass plant communities. Nitrate (NO3 - ) removal and other parameters were measured in miniature wetlands, or mesocosms, containing each plant community transplanted from a small agricultural treatment wetland in southern Minnesota. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to quantify the total bacteria population (measured with 16S rRNA genes) and denitrifying gene abundance (measured with nosZ genes) from the rhizosphere of each plant community. The wet prairie mix mesocosms on average removed the most NO3 - in each test (p = .01 and .08). Whereas the wet prairie mix removed the most NO3 - from the surface water (p < .01), reed canary grass removed more from the subsurface (p < .01). Ratios of denitrifying to total bacteria were higher in the wet prairie mix than in the other communities' root zones (p < .05). Results suggest that reed canary grass invasion could reduce denitrification in wetlands, especially during the spring and fall when it is growing but other plants are dormant.


Assuntos
Bactérias/genética , Áreas Alagadas , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos , Minnesota , RNA Ribossômico 16S
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4982, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020474

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with obesity but also found in non-obese individuals. Gut microbiome profiles of 171 Asians with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 31 non-NAFLD controls are analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing; an independent Western cohort is used for external validation. Subjects are classified into three subgroups according to histological spectra of NAFLD or fibrosis severity. Significant alterations in microbiome diversity are observed according to fibrosis severity in non-obese, but not obese, subjects. Ruminococcaceae and Veillonellaceae are the main microbiota associated with fibrosis severity in non-obese subjects. Furthermore, stool bile acids and propionate are elevated, especially in non-obese subjects with significant fibrosis. Fibrosis-related Ruminococcaceae and Veillonellaceae species undergo metagenome sequencing, and four representative species are administered in three mouse NAFLD models to evaluate their effects on liver damage. This study provides the evidence for the role of the microbiome in the liver fibrosis pathogenesis, especially in non-obese subjects.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/análise , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Fezes/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Fibrose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/microbiologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Camundongos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/microbiologia , Obesidade/patologia , Propionatos/análise , Propionatos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Zootaxa ; 4809(3): zootaxa.4809.3.8, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055928

RESUMO

Considerable effort has been devoted to elucidating the phylogenetic relationships of tetrigides. However, there is still no commonly accepted phylogenetic hypothesis. Therefore, the phylogenetic relationships among some subfamilies remain unclear; e.g., Cladonotinae is a controversial group, in which the phylogenetic relationships between genera and the boundaries of some of the included genera are unclear, causing some of the taxa to be difficult to identify. Therefore, an in-depth phylogenetic analysis of Cladonotinae is urgently needed. In this study, a robust phylogenetic framework for the tetrigides was reconstructed based on the combined mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA), and nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) gene sequences of 25 species belonging to 16 genera of Tetrigoidea from China, which included 13 species from 8 genera of Cladonotinae. Phylogenetic inferences were performed using the combined dataset and Bayesian inference (BI) and Maximum Parsimony (MP) methods, and the phylogenetic tree of Cladonotinae was reconstructed. All inferences based on the results of the present study supported the Cladonotinae subfamily as a polyphyletic group; within the Cladonotinae subfamily, Tetradinodula, and Tuberfemurus were closely related to Tetriginae, while Austrohancockia and Gibbotettix showed a close relationship to the Scelimenidae subfamily. Additionally, a new genus and new species of the Cladonotinae subfamily are described and illustrated: Hainantettix Deng, gen. nov. and Hainantettix strictivertex Deng, sp. nov.


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , China , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
8.
Zootaxa ; 4767(1): zootaxa.4767.1.7, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056577

RESUMO

The taxonomic status of the widely distributed Indo-Pacific undulated moray eel, Gymnothorax undulatus, is revised using morphological and genetics features. Ninety-seven specimens previously identified as G. undulatus were examined and their mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA genes were analysed. The multivariate analysis of eight morphometric characters resulted in separation with little to no overlap among some geographic regions. These groupings explained more than 90% of the total variation, with 86.6% overall classification. Two color morphs were identified, and the South African population was described as new species, Gymnothorax elaineheemstrae n. sp., distinct from G. undulatus in having mottled and faintly reticulated color pattern, 134-136 total vertebrae and further confirmed by the genetic analysis of COI and 16S rRNA with > 0.1 genetic distance. The morphological and genetics results indicate that G. undulatus, previously treated as a single species, consists of more than one species.


Assuntos
Enguias , Animais , Oceano Índico , RNA Ribossômico 16S
9.
Zootaxa ; 4845(2): zootaxa.4845.2.6, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056774

RESUMO

A second species of the recently established genus Madangella Frolová Duris is described from New Caledonia. Although the single available specimen lacks both second pereiopods, the new species distinctly differs from the only other representative of the genus, M. altirostris Frolová Duris, 2018 from Papua New Guinea, and can be easily distinguished from the latter by the more elongate and distally tapering rostrum, two subterminal ventral rostral teeth, the carpus of the first pereiopod being subequal to the merus length, and the sixth pleomere being short and stout, distinctly less than 2 times longer than deep. The examined specimen was confirmed as representative of a species separate from M. altirostris also by molecular comparisons of the 16S rRNA and COI mtDNA gene markers. The genus Madangella thus currently consists of two southwestern Pacific species.


Assuntos
Palaemonidae , Animais , DNA Mitocondrial , Nova Caledônia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
10.
Zootaxa ; 4819(2): zootaxa.4819.2.4, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055660

RESUMO

The heteronemertean Cerebratulus orochi sp. nov. is described based on material collected intertidally at a muddy beach in Akkeshi, northern Japan. For the last 80 years, the species has been confused with Cerebratulus marginatus Renier, 1804; the latter was originally described from the Adriatic and once believed to occur in many places in the northern hemisphere including Japan. Cerebratulus orochi sp. nov. is morphologically different from all the congeners including C. marginatus by the following combination of characters: several layers of diagonal-muscle meshwork coated with connective tissue, proximo-distally distributed in cross section from the distal portion of the body-wall outer longitudinal muscle layer to the cutis-gland zone throughout the anterior portion of the body from the precerebral to the foregut regions; the cephalic vascular system consisting of lateral and mid-dorsal vessels; and the sub-rhynchocoelic vessel possessing a pair of antero-lateral diverticula before the former forks posteriorly into a pair of lower lateral vessels in the post-cerebral, pre-oral region. Previous records of C. marginatus from Japanese waters are no longer considered to be substantiated. Multi-locus phylogenetic analyses based on the mitochondrial 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), as well as the nuclear 18S rRNA, 28S rRNA, and histone H3 genes among heteronemerteans comprising the "Cerebratulus clade" indicated that C. orochi sp. nov. was closely related to C. cf. marginatus from the US Pacific coast. A MegaBLAST search at the NCBI website with the 16S rRNA gene sequence from C. orochi sp. nov. followed by a couple of species delimitation analyses suggests that larvae of the species are also distributed in Vostok Bay, Far East Russia.


Assuntos
Invertebrados , Animais , Japão , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4915, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004811

RESUMO

A phenotype of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, resistant to piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) but susceptible to carbapenems and 3rd generation cephalosporins, has emerged. The resistance mechanism associated with this phenotype has been identified as hyperproduction of the ß-lactamase TEM. However, the mechanism of hyperproduction due to gene amplification is not well understood. Here, we report a mechanism of gene amplification due to a translocatable unit (TU) excising from an IS26-flanked pseudo-compound transposon, PTn6762, which harbours blaTEM-1B. The TU re-inserts into the chromosome adjacent to IS26 and forms a tandem array of TUs, which increases the copy number of blaTEM-1B, leading to TEM-1B hyperproduction and TZP resistance. Despite a significant increase in blaTEM-1B copy number, the TZP-resistant isolate does not incur a fitness cost compared to the TZP-susceptible ancestor. This mechanism of amplification of blaTEM-1B is an important consideration when using genomic data to predict susceptibility to TZP.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Infecções por Escherichia coli/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , Elementos de DNA Transponíveis/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Amplificação de Genes , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Piperacilina/farmacologia , Piperacilina/uso terapêutico , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Tazobactam/farmacologia , Tazobactam/uso terapêutico , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
12.
Zootaxa ; 4816(1): zootaxa.4816.1.2, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055712

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Urocaridella Borradaile, 1915, Urocaridella arabianensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on fifty-five specimens collected from the reef regions of Agatti Island, Lakshadweep, Arabian Sea. Urocaridella arabianensis n. sp. is morphologically close to U. pulchella Yokes Galil, 2006, reported from the Mediterranean Sea. However, the present specimen is clearly distinguished with its rostrum length, which is 1.7 to 2.1 times as long as carapace, 10 ventral rostral teeth, carpus of 1st pereopod is 2.5 times long as palm, carpus of 2nd pereopod is 1.8 times as long as palm, presence of a spine in latero-middle of the fourth and fifth abdomens and the sixth abdominal segment is 2.3 times long as the fifth segment. Partial segment of the mitochondrial COI, 16S rRNA and nuclear gene 18S rRNA and H3 indicates that the new species is sister to a clade comprising of U. pulchella, U. antonbruunii and U. degravei. The pair wise genetic distance of COI showed great distance with the closest congeneric species.


Assuntos
Palaemonidae , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Índia , Ilhas , RNA Ribossômico 16S
13.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(7): 1272-1284, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079708

RESUMO

The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process holds great promise for treating nitrogen-contaminated water; stable nitrite-nitrogen (NO2--N) production is significant to anammox performance. In this study, partial hydrogenotrophic denitrification (PHD) was used to stably and efficiently produce NO2--N from nitrate-nitrogen (NO3--N). An investigation of the effects of initial pH on the PHD process revealed that a high NO2--N production efficiency (77.9%) could be ensured by setting an initial pH of 10.5. A combined PHD-anammox process was run for more than three months with maximal ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N), NO3--N, and total dissolved inorganic nitrogen removal efficiencies of 93.4, 98.0, and 86.9%, respectively. The NO2--N to NH4+-N and NO3--N to NH4+-N ratios indicated that various bioprocesses were involved in nitrogen removal during the anammox stage, and a 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing was performed to further clarify the composition of microbial communities and mechanisms involved in the nitrogen removal process.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio , Reatores Biológicos , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
Zootaxa ; 4816(4): zootaxa.4816.4.4, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055685

RESUMO

A new species of Leptobrachella, Leptobrachella wulingensis sp. nov. is described based on specimens collected from the Wuling mountains in Hunan Province, China. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of having a SVL body size range of 24.5-32.8 mm in four adult males and 29.9-38.5 mm in three adult females; dorsal surface brown to reddish brown with indistinct markings; ventral surface creamy white, often with pale brown speckling on chest and margins; flanks with small to moderate black spots; skin on dorsum shagreened with sparse large warts, sometimes with short longitudinal ridges; toes with rudimentary webbing and narrow lateral fringes; dermal ridges under toes interrupted at the articulations; and iris bicolored with a bright orange or golden upper half, fading to silver in the lower half. Uncorrected sequence divergence between L. wulingensis sp. nov. and homologous 16S rRNA sequences available for all known species in the genus are ≥ 2.3%-2.9%.


Assuntos
Anuros , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Feminino , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S
15.
Zootaxa ; 4860(4): zootaxa.4860.4.3, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055879

RESUMO

The so far monotypic genus Sibogella Billard, 1911 is revised based on literature data. Its type species, S. erecta Billard, 1911, is thoroughly redescribed and illustrated, and accounts on two new congeners, S. flabellata sp. nov. from shallow waters of Indonesia and S. spissa sp. nov. from deep waters of New Caledonia, are provided. Single- (16S rRNA) and multi-locus (concatenated 16S, 18S, and 28S rRNA) phylogenetic assessments of the Plumulariidae, including newly-sequenced Sibogella material, supplement the alpha-taxonomical study.


Assuntos
Hidrozoários , Animais , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 672, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium jacuzzii (M. jacuzzii) was first isolated in 2003 by insertion of breast implants in Tel Aviv, Israel. In this case report, we describe our experience in detection of M. jacuzzii using phenotypic and genotypic test of wrist synovial sample. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old woman complained of pain and swelling in the right wrist for 4 months. Her body temperature was 37-38 °C, and symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and some movement limitation, were reported. Clinical laboratory parameters showed an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cells (WBC) count. The sequences of hsp65, rpoB, 16S rDNA, and sodA genes indicated very high homology to M. jacuzzii. CONCLUSION: We report a case of synovial infection caused by M. jacuzzii in a patient with severe wrist pain in Iran, who was treated with amikacin, levofloxacin, and ethambutol. The outcomes of treatment after 8 months were positive, and no recurrence of infection was reported in the patient.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Mycobacterium/genética , Membrana Sinovial/microbiologia , Idoso , Amicacina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Contagem de Leucócitos , Mycobacterium/classificação , Mycobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Mycobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/microbiologia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/classificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Punho/microbiologia
17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4822, 2020 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973149

RESUMO

Abiraterone acetate (AA) is an inhibitor of androgen biosynthesis, though this cannot fully explain its efficacy against androgen-independent prostate cancer. Here, we demonstrate that androgen deprivation therapy depletes androgen-utilizing Corynebacterium spp. in prostate cancer patients and that oral AA further enriches for the health-associated commensal, Akkermansia muciniphila. Functional inferencing elucidates a coinciding increase in bacterial biosynthesis of vitamin K2 (an inhibitor of androgen dependent and independent tumor growth). These results are highly reproducible in a host-free gut model, excluding the possibility of immune involvement. Further investigation reveals that AA is metabolized by bacteria in vitro and that breakdown components selectively impact growth. We conclude that A. muciniphila is a key regulator of AA-mediated restructuring of microbial communities, and that this species may affect treatment response in castrate-resistant cohorts. Ongoing initiatives aimed at modulating the colonic microbiota of cancer patients may consider targeted delivery of poorly absorbed selective bacterial growth agents.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Verrucomicrobia/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetato de Abiraterona/metabolismo , Acetato de Abiraterona/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacologia , Androgênios/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fezes/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Verrucomicrobia/genética , Verrucomicrobia/metabolismo , Vitamina K 2/metabolismo , Vitamina K 2/farmacologia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22298, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991434

RESUMO

RATIONALE: There are many treatments for chronic hemorrhagic radiation colorectal inflammation, but only a few treatments are supported by high-quality research evidence. Studies have shown that the occurrence and development of radiation proctitis are closely associated with the intestinal flora. Animal studies have indicated that faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) can improve radiation enteropathy in a mouse model. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old female patient suffered from recurrent hematochezia and diarrhea for half a year after radiotherapy and underwent recurrent transfusion treatments. Colonoscopy showed obvious congestion of the sigmoid colon and rectal mucosa, a smooth surface, and bleeding that was easily induced by touch, which are consistent with radiation proctitis. The pathological findings revealed chronic mucosal inflammation. The magnetic resonance imaging examination of the pelvic cavity with a plain scan and enhancement showed changes after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and no obvious tumor recurrence or metastasis was found. The laboratory examinations excluded pathogen infection. DIAGNOSES: Based on the history and examinations, the final diagnosis of this patient was chronic hemorrhagic radiation proctitis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with a total of 4 individual courses of FMT. OUTCOMES: After the six-month follow-up, her hematochezia, abdominal pain and diarrhea were relieved. Furthermore, 16S rRNA sequencing of the feces showed that the intestinal bacterial composition of the patient obviously changed after FMT and became similar to that of the donors. LESSONS: This case report shows that FMT can relieve the symptoms of hematochezia and diarrhea by changing the bacterial community structure in patients with chronic hemorrhagic radiation proctitis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Proctite/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/complicações , Assistência ao Convalescente , Doença Crônica , Colonoscopia/métodos , Diarreia/etiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proctite/diagnóstico , Proctite/patologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although the airway microbiota is a highly dynamic ecology, the role of longitudinal changes in airway microbiota during early childhood in asthma development is unclear. We aimed to investigate the association of longitudinal changes in early nasal microbiota with the risk of developing asthma. METHODS: In this prospective, population-based birth cohort study, we followed children from birth to age 7 years. The nasal microbiota was tested by using 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing at ages 2, 13, and 24 months. We applied an unsupervised machine learning approach to identify longitudinal nasal microbiota profiles during age 2 to 13 months (the primary exposure) and during age 2 to 24 months (the secondary exposure) and examined the association of these profiles with the risk of physician-diagnosed asthma at age 7 years. RESULTS: Of the analytic cohort of 704 children, 57 (8%) later developed asthma. We identified 4 distinct longitudinal nasal microbiota profiles during age 2 to 13 months. In the multivariable analysis, compared with the persistent Moraxella dominance profile during age 2 to 13 months, the persistent Moraxella sparsity profile was associated with a significantly higher risk of asthma (adjusted odds ratio, 2.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-6.27). Similar associations were observed between the longitudinal changes in nasal microbiota during age 2 to 24 months and risk of asthma. CONCLUSIONS: Children with an altered longitudinal pattern in the nasal microbiota during early childhood had a high risk of developing asthma. Our data guide the development of primary prevention strategies (eg, early identification of children at high risk and modification of microbiota) for childhood asthma. These observations present a new avenue for risk modification for asthma (eg, microbiota modification).


Assuntos
Asma/etiologia , Microbiota , Nariz/microbiologia , Aerococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fatores Etários , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/microbiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Finlândia , Seguimentos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Haemophilus/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Microbiota/genética , Moraxella/isolamento & purificação , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Infecções Respiratórias/complicações , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/microbiologia , Risco , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 687, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vogesella species are common aquatic, Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria, originally described in 1997. Vogesella perlucida was first isolated from spring water in 2008. Furthermore, bacterial pathogenicity of Vogesella perlucida has never been reported. Here, we report the first case of rare Vogesella perlucida-induced bacteremia in an advanced-age patient with many basic diseases and history of dexamethasone abuse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old female was admitted with inflamed upper and lower limbs, rubefaction, pain and fever (about 40 °C). She had been injured in a fall at a vegetable market and then touched river snails with her injury hands. A few days later, soft tissue infection of the patient developed and worsened. Non-pigmented colonies were isolated from blood cultures of the patient. Initially, Vogesella perlucida was wrongly identified as Sphingomonas paucimobilis by Vitek-2 system with GN card. Besides, we failed to obtain an acceptable identification by the MALDI-TOF analysis. Finally, the isolated strain was identified as Vogesella perlucida by 16S rRNA gene sequences. In addition, the patient recovered well after a continuous treatment of levofloxacin for 12 days. CONCLUSION: Traditional microbiological testing system may be inadequate in the diagnosis of rare pathogenic bacteria. Applications of molecular diagnostics techniques have great advantages in clinical microbiology laboratory. By using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, we report the the first case of rare Vogesella perlucida-induced bacteremia.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Betaproteobacteria/patogenicidade , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/microbiologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Levofloxacino/uso terapêutico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico
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