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1.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(9): 1923-1936, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387679

RESUMO

Injectable hydrogels possess huge potential as localized drug carriers in breast cancer chemotherapy, owing to several advantages, including easy target administration, enhanced therapeutic efficiency, and less systemic side effects. Herein, we describe an injectable, near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive click cross-linked azobenzene hydrogel (AzoGel) that displays NIR irradiation-mediated smart drug release. The hydrogel can be formed in situ via click cross-linking by mixing two kinds of gelatin derivatives functioned with dibenzylcyclooctyne (DBCO) and azidated azobenzene (N3-Azo) respectively. The polyacrylic acid (PAA)-coated upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP@PAA)-encapsulated AzoGel has NIR light-responsive characteristics owing to the photoisomerization of azobenzene in the networks. The amount of an anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX), released from the hydrogel can be efficiently controlled by tuning the exposure time and intensity of 980 nm NIR light. Results of the in vivo study using DOX and UCNP@PAA-loaded AzoGel controlled by NIR light in the 4T1 breast cancer xenograft mouse model demonstrated an enhanced anti-cancer effect. To conclude, the injectable, NIR light-responsive, click cross-linked AzoGel exhibits a high potential as a localized drug delivery platform for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Animais , Compostos Azo , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4931-4947, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371941

RESUMO

Background: Phototherapy, including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), is a promising noninvasive strategy in the treatment of cancers due to its highly localized specificity to tumors and minimal side effects to normal tissues. However, single phototherapy often causes tumor recurrence which hinders its clinical applications. Therefore, developing a NIR-guided dendritic nanoplatform for improving the phototherapy effect and reducing the recurrence of tumors by synergistic chemotherapy and phototherapy is essential. Methods: A fluorescent targeting ligand, insisting of ICG derivative cypate and a tumor penetration peptide iRGD (CRGDKGPDC), was covalently combined with PAMAM dendrimer to prepare a single agent-based dendritic theranostic nanoplatform iRGD-cypate-PAMAM-DTX (RCPD). Results: Compared with free cypate, the resulted RCPD could generate enhanced singlet oxygen species while maintaining its fluorescence intensity and heat generation ability when subjected to NIR irradiation. Furthermore, our in vitro and in vivo therapeutic studies demonstrated that compared with phototherapy or chemotherapy alone, the combinatorial chemo-photo treatment of RCPD with the local exposure of NIR light can significantly improve anti-tumor efficiency and reduce the risk of recurrence of tumors. Conclusion: The multifunctional theranostic platform (RCPD) could be used as a promising method for NIR fluorescence image-guided combinatorial treatment of tumor cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Dendrímeros/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Oligopeptídeos/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Propionatos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5369-5379, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409993

RESUMO

Purpose: Photothermal therapy (PTT) exploits the light-absorbing properties of nanomaterials such as silica-gold nanoshells (NS) to inflict tumor death through local hyperthermia. However, in in vivo studies of PTT, the heat distribution is often found to be heterogeneous throughout the tumor volume, which leaves parts of the tumor untreated and impairs the overall treatment outcome. As this challenges PTT as a one-dose therapy, this study here investigates if giving the treatment repeatedly, ie, fractionated PTT, increases the efficacy in mice bearing subcutaneous tumors. Methods: The NS heating properties were first optimized in vitro and in vivo. Two fractionated PTT protocols, consisting of two and four laser treatments, respectively, were developed and applied in a murine subcutaneous colorectal tumor model. The efficacy of the two fractionated protocols was evaluated both by longitudinal monitoring of tumor growth and, at an early time point, by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of 18F-labeled glucose analog 18F-FDG. Results: Overall, there were no significant differences in tumor growth and survival between groups of mice receiving single-dose PTT and fractionated PTT in our study. Nonetheless, some animals did experience inhibited tumor growth or even complete tumor disappearance due to fractionated PTT, and these animals also showed a significant decrease in tumor uptake of 18F-FDG after therapy. Conclusion: This study only found an effect of giving PTT to tumors in fractions compared to a single-dose approach in a few animals. However, many factors can affect the outcome of PTT, and reliable tools for optimization of treatment protocol are needed. Despite the modest treatment effect, our results indicate that 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can be useful to guide the number of treatment sessions necessary.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Fototerapia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Feminino , Glicerol/química , Ouro/química , Temperatura Alta , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanoconchas/química , Nanoconchas/ultraestrutura , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Dióxido de Silício/química , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(66): 9833-9836, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363722

RESUMO

Herein, through using electropolymerized pyrrole (PPy) to coat near-infrared upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) on an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode, the as-prepared PPy/UCNPs photoelectrode could generate an interfacial electric field, release rare earth ions and induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in PC12 cells under NIR irradiation, which could realize wireless neurite development and outgrowth.


Assuntos
Estimulação Elétrica , Crescimento Neuronal , Tecnologia sem Fio , Animais , Raios Infravermelhos , Células PC12 , Polimerização , Pirróis/química , Ratos , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16882, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and distressing symptom associated with cancer treatment that breast cancer survivors (BCS) experience. We previously found that laser moxibustion may be efficacious for CRF. The primary aim of this study is to determine the specific efficacy of 10.6 µm infrared laser moxibustion on CRF. The secondary aim is to evaluate the effect of infrared laser moxibustion on co-existing symptoms that BCS experience. METHODS: We will conduct a randomized, sham-controlled, three-arm trial of infrared laser moxibustion (ILM) against sham ILM (SILM) and waitlist control (WLC) among BCS with moderate to severe fatigue. The two intervention groups will receive either real or sham infrared laser moxibustion on four acupoints (i.e., ST36 [bilateral], CV4, and CV6) for 20 minutes each session for 6 weeks (twice per week). The primary endpoint is the change in fatigue score from Baseline to Week 6 as measured by the Chinese version of the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI-C). Our secondary aim is to compare the severity of co-morbidities (e.g., depression, insomnia, and pain) among the 3 groups. DISCUSSION: The results of our trial will establish evidence for the efficacy of infrared laser moxibustion for CRF, a very common and challenging symptom. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03553355.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Fadiga/terapia , Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Moxibustão/métodos , China , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(15): 4185-4191, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295998

RESUMO

The treatment of massive bone defects is still a significant challenge for orthopedists. Here we have engineered synthetic porous AuPd alloy nanoparticles (pAuPds) as a hyperthermia agent for in situ bone regeneration through photothermal therapy (PTT). After being swallowed by cells, pAuPds produced a mild localized heat (MLH) (40-43 °C) under the irradiation of a near-infrared laser, which can greatly accelerate cell proliferation and bone regeneration. Almost 97% of the cranial defect area (8 mm in diameter) was covered by the newly formed bone after 6 weeks of PTT. RNA sequencing analysis was used to obtain insight into the molecular mechanism of the MLH on cell proliferation and bone formation. These results demonstrated that the Wnt signaling pathway was involved in the MLH. This Letter provides a unique strategy with mild heat stimulation and high efficiency for in situ bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Ligas/química , Regeneração Óssea , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Paládio/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Fototerapia , Porosidade , Ratos , Crânio/patologia
7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(15): 4374-4381, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313926

RESUMO

Voltage imaging allows mapping of the membrane potential in living cells. Yet, current intensity-based imaging approaches are limited to relative membrane potential changes, missing important information conveyed by the absolute value of the membrane voltage. This challenge arises from various factors affecting the signal intensity, such as concentration, illumination intensity, and photobleaching. Here, we demonstrate electronic preresonance hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering (EPR-hSRS) for spectroscopic detection of the membrane voltage using a near-infrared-absorbing microbial rhodopsin expressed in E. coli. This newly developed near-infrared active microbial rhodopsin enables electronic preresonance SRS imaging at high sensitivity. By spectral profiling, we identified voltage-sensitive SRS peaks in the fingerprint region in single E. coli cells. These spectral signatures offer a new approach for quantitation of the absolute membrane voltage in living cells.


Assuntos
Rodopsinas Microbianas/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Raios Infravermelhos , Potenciais da Membrana , Mutação , Rodopsinas Microbianas/genética , Rodopsinas Microbianas/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4319-4331, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354263

RESUMO

Objective: The study aimed to synthesize superparamagnetic NaYF4:Yb,Er@PE3@Fe3O4 upconversion nanoprobes and to study their photothermal effects for the treatment of malignant melanoma. Methods: Morphological characteristics of the synthesized nanoprobes were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Their biocompatibility and biodistribution profiles were assessed through blood routine/biochemistry tests and the inductively coupled plasma/optical emission spectrometry-based analysis of tissue metal elements. Their photothermal conversion efficiency and their potential as contrast agents for upconversion luminescence (UCL)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) dual-modal imaging were tested. Efficacy in photothermal therapy, which was achieved by combining nanoprobes with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, was evaluated in both A375 cell line and BALB/c mice models. The underlying mechanisms were interrogated by molecular approaches including the MTT assay, flow cytometry, semiquantitative PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Results: 1) Our synthesized NaYF4:Yb,Er@PE3@Fe3O4 nanoprobes exhibited a uniform cubic morphology with a diameter of ~50 nm. Subcutaneous administration led to no severe, long-lasting adverse effects in mice, possibly due to complete removal of these nanomaterials within one month. 2) Our nanoprobes possessed superior photothermal conversion efficiency and strong contrasting effects during UCL/MRI dual-modal imaging, corroborating their applications in imaging-guided photothermal therapy. 3) Combinatorial treatment of these nanoprobes with NIR irradiation induced profound apoptosis/necrosis in A375 cells. Similarly, the same treatment modality led to strong therapeutic effects in BALB/c mice implanted with A375 tumor xenografts. Mechanistic studies suggested an involvement of heat shock protein 70 in mediating the observed antitumor effects of our nanoprobes. Conclusion: Our study describes a convenient method to synthesize a new type of superparamagnetic upconversion nanoprobes, which possess high biocompatibility and can be used in imaging-guided photothermal therapy for the treatment of malignant melanoma. Importantly, our findings will promote clinical applications of NaYF4:Yb,Er@PE3@Fe3O4 as novel theranostic agents in treating melanoma and many other tumors.


Assuntos
Érbio/química , Fluoretos/química , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/terapia , Fototerapia , Ítrio/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Melanoma/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Distribuição Tecidual , Carga Tumoral
10.
Soft Matter ; 15(27): 5375-5379, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259985

RESUMO

Herein, a novel photothermal agent based on polyoxometalate clusters and food-borne antioxidant peptides was exploited to overcome the inherent problems of poor photothermal stability of polyoxometalate photothermal materials, which commonly appear in the current stage of development, and the inevitable simultaneous inflammatory responses during the therapeutic process.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Nanopartículas/química , Oligopeptídeos/química , Compostos de Tungstênio/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Fototerapia/métodos , Temperatura Ambiente
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9108-9111, 2019 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298230

RESUMO

Inhibition of myostatin is an attractive treatment for muscular dystrophy and other amyotrophic diseases. A myostatin-binding peptide was functionalized by equipped with an on/off switchable photo-oxygenation catalyst. This peptide induces a selective oxygenation of myostatin under near-infrared light, resulting in inactivation of myostatin. This peptide shows several orders of magnitude greater inhibitory effect than the original peptide.


Assuntos
Miostatina/efeitos dos fármacos , Miostatina/efeitos da radiação , Oxigênio/química , Oxigênio/efeitos da radiação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Processos Fotoquímicos/efeitos da radiação , Catálise/efeitos dos fármacos , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Miostatina/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química
13.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111534, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279897

RESUMO

In the search for developing a biomedicine based nanomaterial for therapeutic applications, here we described a new benign development of Photo-triggered Gold nanodots capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles Au@MSNs loaded with capsaicin (Cap) for photothermal therapy of cancer cells. Electron microscopic techniques (SEM and TEM) studies depict the anisotropic shape of Cap-Au@MSNs with mean size ≈110 nm. The successful amine functionalization and covalent interaction of Au nanodots on the mesoporous silica surface were confirmed from the results of FTIR, XPS and UV-vis spectral analyses, which directly indicates the composition of synthesized mesoporous silica surface. Additionally, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) revealed that synthesized cap-AuMSNs were stable with highly negatively charged. Cap-AuMSNs exhibited extraordinary in vitro antitumor activity against the tested twp thyroid cancer cell lines (i.e., FTC-133 and B-CPAP). 3-(4, 5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay determined that capsaicin and Cap-AuMSNs conferred strong cytotoxicity against the FTC-133 and B-CPAP cell lines. Further, evaluation of the mechanism showed that anticancer activity was achieved by inducing apoptosis in thyroid cancer cells. In addition, we found that such compounds exhibited promising antimetastatic activity and reduced the invasiveness of cancer cells. Hence, we suggesting that these Cap-Au@MSNs can be used as promising candidates for cancer therapy and deserve further investigation.


Assuntos
Capsaicina/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Capsaicina/uso terapêutico , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Fotoquimioterapia , Porosidade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 9039-9042, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292589
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(64): 9471-9474, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328205

RESUMO

A hydrogel drug cargo based on 2D tungsten nitride nanosheets was fabricated. It exhibits stable NIR-II responsive photothermal properties and drug release behaviour. Moreover, this hydrogel shows excellent tumour ablation efficiency in vivo via NIR-II triggered multiple chemo/photothermal therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Hidrogéis , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanoestruturas/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Tungstênio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos
17.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 78, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The construction of a multifunctional drug delivery system with a variety of advantageous features, including targeted delivery, controlled release and combined therapy, is highly attractive but remains a challenge. RESULTS: In this study, we developed a MoS2-based hyaluronic acid (HA)-functionalized nanoplatform capable of achieving targeted delivery of camptothecin (CPT) and dual-stimuli-responsive drug release. HA was connected to MoS2 via a disulfide linkage, forming a sheddable HA shell on the surface of MoS2. This unique design not only effectively prevented the encapsulated CPT from randomly leaking during blood circulation but also significantly accelerated the drug release in response to tumor-associated glutathione (GSH). Moreover, the MoS2-based generated heat upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation could further increase the drug release rate as well as induce photothermal ablation of cancer cells. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that MoS2-SS-HA-CPT effectively suppressed cell proliferation and inhibited tumor growth in lung cancer cell-bearing mice under NIR irradiation via synergetic chemo-photothermal therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The as-prepared MoS2-SS-HA-CPT with high targeting ability, dual-stimuli-responsive drug release, and synergistic chemo-photothermal therapy may provide a new strategy for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Dissulfetos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Molibdênio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Oxirredução , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos
18.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 83, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macrophages with tumor-tropic migratory properties can serve as a cellular carrier to enhance the efficacy of anti neoplastic agents. However, limited drug loading (DL) and insufficient drug release at the tumor site remain the main obstacles in developing macrophage-based delivery systems. In this study, we constructed a biomimetic delivery system (BDS) by loading doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded reduced graphene oxide (rGO) into a mouse macrophage-like cell line (RAW264.7), hoping that the newly constructed BDS could perfectly combine the tumor-tropic ability of macrophages and the photothermal property of rGO. RESULTS: At the same DOX concentration, the macrophages could absorb more DOX/PEG-BPEI-rGO than free DOX. The tumor-tropic capacity of RAW264.7 cells towards RM-1 mouse prostate cancer cells did not undergo significant change after drug loading in vitro and in vivo. PEG-BPEI-rGO encapsulated in the macrophages could effectively convert the absorbed near-infrared light into heat energy, causing rapid release of DOX. The BDS showed excellent anti-tumor efficacy in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: The BDS that we developed in this study had the following characteristic features: active targeting of tumor cells, stimuli-release triggered by near-infrared laser (NIR), and effective combination of chemotherapy and photothermotherapy. Using the photothermal effect produced by PEG-BPEI-rGO and DOX released from the macrophages upon NIR irradiation, MAs-DOX/PEG-BPEI-rGO exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on tumor growth.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Grafite/química , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida , Raios Infravermelhos , Lasers , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polietilenoimina/análogos & derivados , Polietilenoimina/química , Distribuição Tecidual
19.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 43(3): 217-219, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184083

RESUMO

This article summarizes the common problems in registration and supervision testing of infrared therapy equipment, combines YY 0306-2008 Particular requirements for the safety of heat radiation therapy equipment, GB 9706.1-2007 Medical electrical equipment-Part 1:General requirements for safety, Registration technical review guidelines for infrared treatment equipment, etc. This paper analyzes and discusses the following aspects, including classification and applicable standards, performance indicators and overtemperature protection. Some suggestions and solutions are given to provide some guidance for medical equipment manufacturers in design, research and development and registration, in order to avoid the problem effectively and improve the passing rate of testing.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento , Segurança de Equipamentos , Eletricidade , Raios Infravermelhos
20.
Talanta ; 202: 469-478, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171209

RESUMO

Over the last decade, the growth of the global pharmaceutical market has led to an overall increase of substandard and falsified drugs especially on the African market (or emerging countries). Recently, several methods using handheld/portable vibrational spectroscopy have been developed for rapid and on-field drug analysis. The objective of this work was to evaluate the performances of various NIR and Raman handheld spectrophotometers in specific brand identification of medicines through their primary packaging. Three groups of drug samples (artemether-lumefantrine, paracetamol and ibuprofen) were used in tablet or capsule forms. In order to perform a critical comparison, the analytical performances of the two analytical systems were compared statistically using three methods: hierarchical clustering algorithm (HCA), data-driven soft independent modelling of class analogy (DD-SIMCA) and hit quality index (HQI). The overall results show good detection abilities for NIR systems compared to Raman systems based on Matthews's correlation coefficients, generally close to one. Raman systems are less sensitive to the physical state of the samples than the NIR systems, it also suffers of the auto-fluorescence phenomenon and the signal of highly dosed active pharmaceutical ingredient (e.g. paracetamol or lumefantrine) may mask the signal of low-dosed and weaker Raman active compounds (e.g. artemether). Hence, Raman systems are less effective for specific product identification purposes but are interesting in the context of falsification because they allow a visual interpretation of the spectral signature (presence or absence of API).


Assuntos
Medicamentos Falsificados/análise , Algoritmos , Raios Infravermelhos , Análise Espectral Raman
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