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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e020, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236317

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to assess the effects of different pretreatments used to adapt glass-fiber posts cemented to root canals with different resin cements, regarding porosity percentage and bond strength. Twelve bovine incisor roots were prepared with Largo drills. After post space preparation, the specimens were randomized into two types of pretreatment groups (n = 3): water-wet bonding and ethanol-wet bonding. After the post were cemented, the roots were stored in 100% humidity at room temperature for 7 days. The samples were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Images were reconstructed by NRecon software, and CTAn software was used to analyze the porosity percentage (%) at the luting interface. Evaluation of the push-out bond strength was performed by serially cutting the roots, and submitting the slices to testing. Additionally, the resin cement post-gel shrinkage values (%) were measured using the strain-gauge method (n = 10). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t test (a = 0.05). The roots prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ U200 had significantly lower porosity in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). The group prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ ARC presented better bond strength results in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). RelyX™ ARC (0.97%) produced a higher post-gel shrinkage value than RelyX™ U200 (0.77%). Canals pretreated with ethanol-wet bonding presented better outcomes in regard to porosity percentage and push-out bond strength.


Assuntos
Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Etanol/farmacologia , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Cavidade Pulpar , Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Porosidade , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X
2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104619, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological and chemical effect of in-office and at-home desensitising agents containing sodium fluoride (NaF) on eroded root dentine in vitro. METHODS: Fifty bovine dentine samples were pre-eroded and randomised into five groups (n = 10): G1 (Control) - milli-Q water; G2 - fluoride varnish containing NaF 22,500 ppm; G3 - desensitising cream containing NaF 9,000 ppm associated with 20% nanohydroxyapatite; G4 - toothpaste with NaF 5,000 ppm associated to tricalcium phosphate; G5 - toothpaste containing NaF 900 ppm and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride (CPP-ACPF). The specimens were submitted to erosive challenge for three days. The analyses were performed using non-contact profilometry for volumetric (Sa) and linear roughness (Ra) followed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS). The data were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of Ra and Sa for the eroded samples from the G2 and G5 (p < 0.05) after an erosive challenge. The dentine surface topography pattern showed partially or totally occluded dentinal tubules after treatments, except in the control group. The control, G4 and G3 groups showed a reduction in the dentine inorganic content percentage of Ca (Calcium) and P (Phosphorus) minerals. CONCLUSION: The fluoride varnish and CPP-ACPF toothpaste were able to prevent morphological changes and were the only materials that showed the Ca and P content increased after treatment. These materials may be promising alternatives in the clinical control of dentin erosion.


Assuntos
Dentina , Fluoreto de Sódio , Erosão Dentária , Raiz Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Erosão Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Cremes Dentais
3.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(4): 375-380, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833180

RESUMO

The aim was to assess the effects of 1% peracetic acid (PAA) as a single endodontic irrigant on microhardness, roughness, and erosion of root canal dentin, compared with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and with 2.5% NaOCl combined with 17% EDTA. Forty human, single-rooted tooth hemisections were submitted to Knoop microhardness test, before and after the following irrigation protocols: PAA = 1% PAA; NaOCl = 2.5% NaOCl; NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl = 2.5% NaOCl +17% EDTA +2.5% NaOCl; and SS = saline. Another 40 roots were instrumented, irrigated with the same protocols, and sectioned longitudinally. The roughness analysis was performed on the mesial section using a confocal laser scanning microscope, whereas erosion was analyzed on each third of the distal section, using a scanning electron microscope. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey post-tests, and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-tests (α = .05). The PAA and NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl groups showed no significant differences (p > .05); both promoted reduction in microhardness and increase in roughness, compared with the NaOCl and SS groups (p < .05). NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl promoted higher erosion in the cervical and middle thirds than the other groups (p < .05); there was no difference among PAA, NaOCl, and SS (p > .05). There was also no difference among the groups regarding the apical third (p > .05). PAA used as a single endodontic irrigant caused reduction in root canal dentin microhardness and increase in roughness in a similar way to NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl; however, PAA caused less erosion than NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Dentina/patologia , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Erosão Dentária , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180693, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the sealing ability and biocompatibility of Biodentine with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as root-end filling materials. METHODOLOGY: The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to compare the cytotoxicity of MTA and Biodentine. Twenty-one extracted teeth with a single canal were immersed in an acidic silver nitrate solution after root-end filling. Then, the volume and depth of silver nitrate that infiltrated the apical portion of the teeth were analyzed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Seventy-two roots from 3 female beagle dogs were randomly distributed into 3 groups and apical surgery was performed. After six months, the volume of the bone defect surrounding these roots was analyzed using micro-CT. RESULTS: Based on the results of the CCK-8 assay, MTA and Biodentine did not show statistically significant differences in cytotoxicity (P>0.05). The volume and the depth of the infiltrated nitrate solution were greater in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group (P<0.05). The volume of the bone defect was larger in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group. However, the difference was not significant (P>0.05). The volumes of the bone defects in the MTA and Biodentine groups were smaller than the group without any filling materials (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MTA and Biodentine exhibited comparable cellular biocompatibility. Biodentine showed a superior sealing ability to MTA in root-end filling. Both Biodentine and MTA promoted periradicular bone healing in beagle dog periradicular surgery models.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Tecido Periapical/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Silicatos/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Células , Células Cultivadas , Cães , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Periapical/citologia , Tecido Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev. ADM ; 76(5): 278-281, sept.-oct. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053117

RESUMO

La instrumentación mecánica durante el tratamiento periodontal trae consigo la formación de escombros microcristalinos que inhiben la adhesión tisular a la superfi cie radicular y favorece la proliferación bacteriana, lo cual perjudica los resultados del tratamiento periodontal a corto y largo plazo. Hoy en día el acondicionamiento radicular con el uso de biomodifi cadores es una opción de tratamiento adicional en el tratamiento de la periodontitis y el tratamiento de cobertura radicular. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura acerca de las aplicaciones y del acondicionamiento radicular con ácido cítrico, tetraciclina, EDTA y láser en el tratamiento periodontal no quirúrgico y quirúrgico (AU)


Mechanical instrumentation during periodontal treatment brings the formation of microcrystalline debris that inhibits tissue adhesion to the root surface and favors bacterial proliferation, which harms the results of the short and long term periodontal treatment. Nowadays, root conditioning with the use of biomodifi cators is an additional treatment option in the treatment of periodontitis and root coverage therapy. The aim of the present study is to conduct a literature review about the applications and the root conditioning with citric acid, tetracycline, EDTA and laser in the non surgical and surgical periodontal treatment (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/cirurgia , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetraciclinas , Raspagem Dentária , Aplainamento Radicular , Ácido Edético , Ácido Cítrico , Terapia a Laser
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 174, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the antibacterial efficiency and ability of propolis to promote regeneration of immature permanent non-vital dogs' teeth. METHODS: Ninety six immature permanent premolars teeth in 6 mongrel dogs were divided randomly into: experimental teeth (N = 72) and control teeth (N = 24). Periapical pathosis was induced in all experimental and positive control teeth. Experimental teeth were classified according to the used intra-canal medication into: group I (N = 36), propolis paste was used and group II (N = 36), triple antibiotic paste (TAP) was used. Bacteriologic samplings were collected before and after exposure to intra-canal medicaments. After the disinfection period (3 weeks), revascularization was induced in all experimental teeth. Each group was subdivided according to the root canal orifice plug into: subgroup A (N = 18), propolis paste was used and subgroup B (N = 18), mineral trioxide aggregates (MTA) was used. Each subgroup was further subdivided according to the evaluation period into 3 subdivisions (6 teeth each): subdivision 1; after 2 weeks, subdivision 2; after one month and subdivision 3; after 2 months. Positive control group had 12 teeth with induced untreated periapical pathosis. Negative control group had 12 untouched sound teeth. All teeth were evaluated with radiography and histology. The bacteriologic and radiographic data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey tests. The histologic data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni's adjustment and Chi-square test. The significance level was set at P ≤ .05. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the antibacterial effectiveness between TAP and propolis groups (P > .05). In all subdivisions, there was no significant difference between the experimental groups in terms of increase in root length and dentin thickness, decrease in apical closure, new hard tissue formation, vital tissue formation inside the pulp canal and apical closure scores (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Propolis can be comparable with TAP as a disinfection treatment option in regenerative endodontic. As a root canal orifice plug after revascularization of necrotic immature permanent teeth in dogs, propolis induces a progressive increase in root length and dentin thickness and a decrease in apical diameter similar to those of MTA.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Própole/administração & dosagem , Endodontia Regenerativa/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Polpa Dentária/irrigação sanguínea , Polpa Dentária/fisiologia , Dentina/irrigação sanguínea , Dentina/fisiologia , Cães , Tecido Periapical/irrigação sanguínea , Tecido Periapical/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Periapical/fisiologia , Própole/uso terapêutico , Distribuição Aleatória , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Ápice Dentário/patologia , Raiz Dentária/irrigação sanguínea , Raiz Dentária/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 214-218, jul.-ago 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023643

RESUMO

Introducción: El uso de agentes químicos en la superficie radicular durante la fase higiénica periodontal tiene como ventajas eliminar factores irritantes, prevenir la acumulación bacteriana y fomentar la cicatrización de la herida. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la superficie radicular de órganos dentales con periodontitis crónica avanzada, tratados mediante terapia periodontal no quirúrgica con EDTA y láser CO2. Material y métodos: Se evaluaron 40 órganos dentarios de pacientes con periodontitis crónica avanzada indicados para extracción, a los cuales se les realizó raspado y alisado radicular, con el uso de EDTA al 24%, láser CO2 a energía de 1, 1.5 y 2 Watt, para posteriormente evaluar la superficie radicular mediante un microscopio electrónico de barrido. Resultados: El tratamiento de raspado y alisado radicular mostró una superficie regular, pero con marcas de estrías con una cubierta de escombro dentinario, las muestras tratadas con EDTA al 24% muestran apertura de los túbulos dentinarios, con bordes definidos y un diámetro aparentemente amplio y los órganos dentarios tratados con láser CO2 con diferentes poderes de energía mostraron múltiples cambios en su superficie, con una apertura de túbulos dentinarios en su mayoría. Conclusión: La apertura de los túbulos dentinarios se presentó en los grupos experimentales tratados con biomodificador radicular (AU)


Introduction: The use of chemical agents in the root surface during the periodontal hygienic phase has the advantages of eliminating irritating factors, preventing bacterial accumulation and promoting wound healing. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the radicular surface of dental organs with advanced chronic periodontitis treated by non-surgical periodontal therapy with EDTA and CO2 laser. Material and methods: Forty dental organs of patients with advanced chronic periodontitis indicated for extraction were evaluated, which were performed scraping and root planing, with the use of 24% EDTA, CO2 laser with energy of 1, 1.5 and 2 Watt, to later evaluate the radicular surface by means of a scanning electron microscope. Results: The treatment of scaling and root planing showed a regular surface, but with marks of striae with a covering of dentine rubble, the samples treated with 24% EDTA show opening of the dentinal tubules, with defined edges and a seemingly wide diameter and, the dental organs treated with CO2 laser with different power powers showed multiple changes in their surface, with an opening of dentinal tubules in their majority. Conclusion: The opening of the dentinal tubules was presented in the experimental groups treated with a root biomodifier (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Periodontite/terapia , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raspagem Dentária , Ácido Edético , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Lasers de Gás
9.
Orthod Fr ; 90(1): 55-63, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994449

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent observations performed in the orthodontic department of La Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris reported an increase of non-familial eruption defects of permanent molars. Our recent data have evidenced the involvement of osteoclasts (OC) in both the eruption and the dental retention processes through the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway. These facts are at the origin of the hypothesis of the existence of an environmental etiology for those eruption defects that would correspond to the perturbation of cellular autocrine/paracrine signaling pathways as the RANKL/ RANK/OPG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were submitted to repeated injections with anti-RANKL neutralizing antibody during the nine days following birth. A phenotypic comparison with transgenic mice overexpressing RANK was performed for the functional characterization of the RANKL/RANK/OPG pathway. The dento-alveolar complex was analyzed using micro-CT for bone density and Masson's trichrome staining for histological examination. RESULTS: The RANKL transient invalidation of RANKL stopped the molar root development and tooth eruption contrary to transgenic mice overexpressing RANK. The recruitment and the OC activity were strongly impacted. DISCUSSION: This research is of direct clinical interest in understanding the pathology of eruption as indirect in establishing orthodontic treatment protocols for particular cases.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Dente Molar/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligante RANK/imunologia , Erupção Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Injeções Subcutâneas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ligante RANK/antagonistas & inibidores , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microtomografia por Raio-X
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(4)2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791530

RESUMO

The mineral content of dental hard tissues has traditionally been measured by destructive tests such as transverse microradiography. Microfocus X-ray computed tomography (micro CT) has enabled non-destructive 3D assessment of tooth demineralization. This study compared the preventive effects of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) and potassium iodide (KI) in comparison with fluoride varnish. SDF has been known to arrest caries but darkens the tooth. KI creates a precipitate with SDF that reduces the discoloration, but its effects on SDF efficacy in terms of preventing demineralization of at-risk root dentin surfaces is unknown. Bovine root dentin blocks were randomly distributed into four groups and subjected to a pretreatment in each group (n = 8); Control: deionized water (DIW); F-Varnish: 5% sodium fluoride varnish: 38% Saforide; SDF+KI: SDF followed by saturated solution of KI in DIW. The treated dentin was subjected to 8 cycles of demineralization (pH 5) for 14 h and remineralization in artificial saliva (pH 7) for 10 h. Specimens were then scanned for 12 min using micro CT at 73 KV and 1012 µA with 8.3 µm resolution. The 3D images were analyzed in Amira software to calculate lesion depth (LD), surface layer mineral density (SL) and mineral loss (ΔZ) for each specimen. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni posthoc showed that there was a statistically significant difference between Control and all three other groups for all parameters (P < 0.001), however, there was no statistical difference among F-Varnish, SDF and SDF+KI (P > 0.05). Single application of F-Varnish, SDF and SDF+KI showed comparable preventive effects against root dentin demineralization. Application of KI did not affect anti-demineralization properties of SDF in this study. Micro CT is a quick and effective method for objective and high-resolution characterization of dentin caries lesions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Iodeto de Potássio/administração & dosagem , Cárie Radicular/prevenção & controle , Animais , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/patologia , Humanos , Cárie Radicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Radicular/patologia , Desmineralização do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Desmineralização do Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/patologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e005, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758405

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to assess the influence of chlorhexidine (liquid and gel) and zinc oxide in calcium hydroxide (CH) pastes on root pH in simulated external resorption. One hundred human anterior teeth with a single root canal were selected. After decoronation and root canal instrumentation, the specimens were divided into 4 experimental groups and 1 control group (without intracanal paste): CH + saline (CH+S), CH + 2% chlorhexidine liquid (CH+ CHX), CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel (CH+ CHXg), and CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel + zinc oxide (CH+ CHXg+ZnO). pH was measured using a microelectrode at 3 and 24 h, and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after inserting intracanal pastes. Data were analyzed statistically using an ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The CH+CHXg+ZnO group had the highest pH values throughout (p<0.05). The CH+S and CH+ CHX groups had the highest pH values after 1 week and the CH+ CHXg group after 2 weeks. CH+ CHXg maintained the highest pH until the fourth week compared with CH+ CHX (p < 0.05). The control group remained at a neutral pH at all evaluated times. It can be concluded that chlorhexidine solution or gel maintained the alkaline pH of CH, and chlorhexidine gel allowed a slower decrease in pH over time. CH+ CHXg+ZnO showed the highest pH values and was an effective intracanal medication for maintaining alkaline root pH in the area of resorption.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido de Zinco/química , Análise de Variância , Géis , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Teste de Materiais , Pomadas , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reabsorção da Raiz/tratamento farmacológico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(1): 101-107, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666027

RESUMO

Aim: This study evaluated the effect of different irrigation protocols on elastic modulus and biomechanics of single-rooted premolar tooth using with nano-indentation and finite element analysis (FEA). Materials and Methods: Root canals of single-rooted human teeth were prepared, divided into eight groups, and irrigated with (1) 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA; (2) 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA + 2.5% NaOCl; (3) 2.5% NaOCl + SmearClear; (4) 2.5% NaOCl + 2% chlorhexidine; (5) 1.3% NaOCl + MTAD; (6) 5.25% NaOCl; (7) 17% EDTA; and (8) saline. The roots were vertically sectioned, and elastic modulus of the root dentine was measured using nano-indenter device at coronal, middle, and apical third. Data were recorded as megapascal and statistically analyzed (one-way analysis of variance, Tukey tests). Three-dimensional FEA model of a premolar tooth was created, and the inner root dentine was modified to simulate the effect of irrigation protocols on root dentine. The elastic properties of inner root dentine layer in the FEA models were modified for each group according to the data obtained with nano-indentation. A 300-N load was applied at the buccal cusp and central fossa of the models with a 45° angle. The stresses were calculated using von Mises stress criteria. Results: All irrigation protocols affected the elastic modulus of root dentine. Groups 2 and 3 showed similar elastic modulus values (P > 0.05), whereas the lowest values were obtained in group 7 (P < 0.05). No statistically significant differences were found between groups 4, 5, and 8 (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Despite the effect of different clinically used irrigation protocols on elastic modulus of the inner dentine, this does not affect the biomechanics of the roots.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente Pré-Molar , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos
13.
Int Endod J ; 52(3): 385-392, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220093

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the penetration of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) gel or NaOCl solutions with surfactants, and the effect of passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) on penetration into dentinal tubules. METHODOLOGY: Bovine incisor root canals were instrumented, the roots sectioned and the dentine blocks obtained were stained with crystal violet. Dentine blocks (n = 10 per group) were exposed to 3% NaOCl gel or 3% NaOCl solution for 10 and 20 min. Other dentine blocks (n = 10 per group) were exposed to Chlor-Extra (6% NaOCl + surfactant), 6% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl with 0.2% cetrimide and 2.5% NaOCl for 10 and 20 min. The penetration depth of irrigants into dentinal tubules was measured in micrometres by viewing the bleached crystal violet under a stereomicroscope. Additionally, bovine incisor root canals, instrumented and stained with crystal violet, were distributed into two groups (n = 10) and irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl with PUI or conventional syringe irrigation (CSI). The penetration depth of irrigants into dentinal tubules was assessed 3 and 7 mm from the apex. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was significantly greater penetration of 3% NaOCl solution into dentinal tubules compared with the gel form (P < 0.05). There was no difference (P > 0.05) between 6% NaOCl and Chlor-Extra, and between 2.5% NaOCl and 2.5% NaOCl + cetrimide. PUI significantly increased the penetration depth of NaOCl into dentinal tubules when compared with CSI (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In extracted bovine incisors, NaOCl gel penetrated less into dentinal tubules than NaOCl solution. The addition of surfactants did not increase the penetration depth. The use of PUI significantly increased NaOCl penetration into dentinal tubules.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacocinética , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacocinética , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Géis , Técnicas In Vitro , Soluções , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Ultrassom/métodos
14.
Lasers Med Sci ; 34(1): 47-54, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984399

RESUMO

Root-filled teeth that received fiber posts most frequently fail at the adhesive interface between resin cement and dentin. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of Er:YAG laser and/or sodium ascorbate (SA) on bond strength, microhardness of dentin, and penetration depth of cement into dentinal tubules. Forty-eight bovine incisor roots were endodontically treated, post spaces were prepared and equally divided into four groups (n = 12): G1-distilled water (control); G2-10% SA (10 min); G3-Er:YAG laser (150 mJ/4 Hz/40 s), and G4-Er:YAG laser + 10% SA. Glass fiber posts were cemented and roots sectioned into slices. In the first slice, the push-out bond strength (MPa) and failures were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). The second slice was subjected to microhardness test (KHN) and CLSM to assess the cement penetration. ANOVA and Tukey test were used for bond strength and microhardness data and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests for the cement penetration (α = .05). The SA-treated samples had higher bond strength (10.02 ± 5.45a), similar to Er:YAG laser (9.91 ± 4.62a) and Er:YAG laser + SA (8.09 ± 4.07a). The least values (P < .05) were found on control (4.02 ± 2.39b). Significant differences were observed on root thirds (P < .05): cervical > middle > apical. There was a predominance of adhesive failures. The microhardness test revealed no differences between groups (P > .05). The experimental groups (G2, G3, and G4) had highest penetration into dentinal tubules when compared to the control (G1). Dentin pretreatments with Er:YAG laser or SA improved bond strength of cement-post-dentin interfaces; however, no synergistic effect of both treatments combined was observed.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Vidro/química , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Animais , Bovinos , Cimentos Dentários/farmacologia , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação
15.
Int Endod J ; 52(2): 237-243, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030844

RESUMO

AIM: To compare solutions of di- and tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and 1-hydroxyethane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (HEDP) regarding their ability to solubilize calcium from dentine and remove smear layer. METHODOLOGY: Solutions with a molarity corresponding to that of 17% Na2 EDTA (pH adjusted to 8.5) were prepared by dissolving Na2 and Na4 salts of HEDP (etidronate), or Na4 EDTA in deionized water. Standardized root dentine discs covered by a smear layer were prepared from human third molars. These discs (n = 10 per group) were immersed in test solutions or phosphate-buffered saline for 1 min. The dissolved Ca2+ was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy, apparently opened dentinal tubules by laser scanning microscopy and automated image analysis. Ca2+ values were compared between groups by parametric, tubular areas by nonparametric methods, α = 0.05. RESULTS: Solutions prepared from the tetrasodium salts were alkaline (pH 11.3-11.4), whilst counterparts made from the disodium salts were acidic. The EDTA solutions dissolved more calcium than the HEDP counterparts (P < 0.05); solutions prepared with the disodium salts dissolved more calcium than those made from the tetrasodium salts (P < 0.05). There was a high correlation between dissolved calcium and the apparently opened tubular areas (Spearman's ρ = 0.81). Differences between groups regarding opened tubules were similar to those observed regarding the Ca2+ values, with a slightly reduced discerning power due to high variance. CONCLUSION: Calcium chelation and thus smear layer removal by EDTA and HEDP are influenced by pH.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/uso terapêutico , Ácido Etidrônico/uso terapêutico , Camada de Esfregaço/terapia , Cálcio/análise , Quelantes , Dentina/patologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microscopia Confocal , Dente Serotino , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Dent Mater J ; 38(1): 143-149, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381632

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the effect of application of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on discoloration of demineralized dentin over time. Dentin specimens were divided into four groups according to time of dentin demineralization. A 38% SDF solution was then applied to the dentin surfaces. Half of the specimens were placed in light-proof boxes while the remainder were exposed to light. Both groups were maintained at 37˚C. Color change was determined using a spectrophotometer at different time intervals. SEM/EDS analysis were also undertaken. The 13 h EDTA demineralized group showed the highest values for color change among different time intervals, with the control being the lowest. The light exposed groups showed more color change compared to the unexposed groups. We concluded that the degree of dentin demineralization leads to a significant increase of the rate of dentin color change after application of SDF.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Compostos de Prata/química , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Fluoretos Tópicos/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Espectrometria por Raios X , Propriedades de Superfície , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Desmineralização do Dente
17.
Lasers Med Sci ; 34(5): 893-900, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374705

RESUMO

This in vitro study evaluated the influence of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not to desensitizing agents, in the prevention of acid erosion in bovine root dentin. Eighty dentin specimens were selected and divided into eight groups (n = 10): G1: negative control; G2: positive control (5% fluoride varnish-FV); G3: Er,Cr:YSGG laser; G4: FV + laser; G5: 3% potassium oxalate; G6: 3% potassium oxalate + laser; G7: biphasic calcium silicate/phosphate gel (gel); G8: gel + laser. Laser parameters: 0.5 W, 6.25 J/cm2 at 1-mm distance. The erosive drink used was a cola soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4 °C), lasting 5 min, twice a day, with 6-h intervals between the challenges, during 14 days. Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene's tests were satisfied. The surface roughness data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests. For the wear profile, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post hoc tests were used. Afterwards, the Spearman correlation test was performed. All statistical tests assumed a significance level of 5% (α = 0.05). G1 presented the highest surface roughness value after the erosive challenge (3.586 µm2 ± 0.205 µm2) and the G7 presented the lowest surface roughness value after the erosive challenge (1.071 µm2 ± 0.180 µm2). For the lost volume, G4 presented the lowest percentage (9.7% ± 0.9%), while G1 had the highest percentage (41.8% ± 2.5%), both with p < 0.05. There was a weak correlation between the response variables (ρ = 0.33). All groups presented lower values of surface roughness and loss of volume when compared to the negative control group. For the surface roughness, the biphasic calcium silicate/phosphate gel presented the best result. For volume loss, the 5% fluoride varnish + Er,Cr:YSGG laser showed the best results compared to the other groups.


Assuntos
Ácidos/efeitos adversos , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180693, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1040226

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare the sealing ability and biocompatibility of Biodentine with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as root-end filling materials. Methodology: The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to compare the cytotoxicity of MTA and Biodentine. Twenty-one extracted teeth with a single canal were immersed in an acidic silver nitrate solution after root-end filling. Then, the volume and depth of silver nitrate that infiltrated the apical portion of the teeth were analyzed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Seventy-two roots from 3 female beagle dogs were randomly distributed into 3 groups and apical surgery was performed. After six months, the volume of the bone defect surrounding these roots was analyzed using micro-CT. Results: Based on the results of the CCK-8 assay, MTA and Biodentine did not show statistically significant differences in cytotoxicity (P>0.05). The volume and the depth of the infiltrated nitrate solution were greater in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group (P<0.05). The volume of the bone defect was larger in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group. However, the difference was not significant (P>0.05). The volumes of the bone defects in the MTA and Biodentine groups were smaller than the group without any filling materials (P<0.05). Conclusions: MTA and Biodentine exhibited comparable cellular biocompatibility. Biodentine showed a superior sealing ability to MTA in root-end filling. Both Biodentine and MTA promoted periradicular bone healing in beagle dog periradicular surgery models.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Adolescente , Cães , Óxidos/farmacologia , Tecido Periapical/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Silicatos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Periapical/citologia , Tecido Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Contagem de Células , Células Cultivadas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Combinação de Medicamentos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e121, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517430

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of radiation therapy on root canal sealer push-out bond strength (BS) to dentin and the sealer/dentin interface after different final irrigation solutions (NaOCl, EDTA, and chitosan). Sixty-four maxillary canines were distributed into two groups (n=30): non-irradiated and irradiated with 60 Gy. Canals were prepared with Reciproc-R50 and subdivided (n=10) for final irrigation (NaOCl, EDTA, chitosan) and filled. Three dentin slices were obtained from each root third. The first slice of each third was selected for BS evaluation, and the failure mode was determined by stereomicroscopy. SEM analysis of the sealer-dentin interface was performed in the remaining slices. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05) were used. Lower BS (P<0.0001) was obtained after irradiation (2.07±0.79 MPa), regardless of the final irrigation solution used. The NaOCl group (P<0.001) had the lowest BS in the irradiated (1.68±0.72) and non-irradiated (2.39±0.89) groups, whereas the EDTA (irradiated: 2.14±0.77 and non-irradiated: 3.92±1.54) and chitosan (irradiated: 2.37±0.73 and non-irradiated: 3.51±1.47) groups demonstrated a higher BS (P<0.05). The highest values were observed in the coronal third (3.17±1.38) when compared to the middle (2.74±1.36) and apical ones (2.09±0.97)(P<0.0001). There were more cohesive failures and more gaps in irradiated specimens, regardless of the final solution. The present study showed that radiation was associated with a decrease in BS, regardless of the final solution used, whereas chitosan increased BS in teeth subjected to radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Resinas Epóxi/efeitos da radiação , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/efeitos da radiação , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/efeitos da radiação , Análise de Variância , Quitosana/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Ácido Edético/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos da radiação , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos da radiação
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(50): e13175, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557967

RESUMO

RATIONALE: In this report, a combination of socket-shield technique (SST) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) technique was used for immediate implant placement on a fractured central incisor. During the follow-up visit, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and clinical observation were used to evaluate the preservation outcome of peri-implant bone and gingiva. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 28-year-old healthy female patient who desired her fractured 21 to be replaced with an implant-supported single crown; the fractured 21 comprised a post-core crown with insufficient residual bone at the labial site. DIAGNOSIS: The root of 21 exhibited a complex root fracture; the labial portion of the alveolar ridge was thin (<1 mm) and partial ankylosis of the residual root was observed. INTERVENTIONS: Modified SST was applied to the labial portion of the residual root. The implant was placed immediately at the lingual site of the retained socket-shield root fragment; PRF was the placed in the gap between the root fragment and the implant. Final prosthodontic treatment was performed at 24 weeks after implant placement. OUTCOMES: Clinical examination and CBCT scanning at various follow-up visits time showed that the periodontal tissue was well- preserved. At 6 months after surgery, the average horizontal and vertical peri-implant bone resorption was 0.4 mm; a follow-up visit at 18 months post-loading indicated that peri-implant tissue was well preserved by the shield-technique and no significant peri-implant tissue resorption was displayed. LESSON SUBSECTIONS: In cases of anterior teeth with intact but insufficient residual alveolar ridge, the SST with PRF may be effective for preservation and maintenance of stable peri-implant tissue.


Assuntos
Incisivo/efeitos dos fármacos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Coroas , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Preservação de Tecido/instrumentação , Preservação de Tecido/métodos , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
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