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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772685

RESUMO

Conducting spinal anaesthesia in patients with elevated body mass index is commonly difficult, yet there are no guidelines to direct best practice. Landmark techniques are sometimes insufficient, leading to increased failure rates and suboptimal patient outcomes. Although ultrasound-guided techniques are now considered standard care for central venous access and regional anaesthesia, there has been relatively sparse uptake of this widely available resource for central neuraxial block, despite evidence of its efficacy.This article outlines a successful case of ultrasound-assisted spinal anaesthesia, after landmark techniques failed, in conjunction with a combined spinal-epidural kit. This unique combination of techniques has not been published as an amalgamated rescue strategy for difficult spinal anaesthesia. This article adds to current evidence by highlighting the potential benefits of combining these techniques into a novel approach either when difficulties are expected or as a rescue technique after failed landmark-based attempts.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução , Anestesia Epidural , Raquianestesia , Espaço Epidural/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ultrassonografia
2.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 82(10): 1-2, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726949

RESUMO

With the wish to reduce aerosol generation and the shorter time to anaesthetic readiness, this article discusses why rapid sequence spinal anaesthesia could be used in preference to general anaesthesia, for the benefit of both patients and staff during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , COVID-19 , Anestesia Geral , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
3.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 492, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subdural hematoma is a rare, potentially devastating, yet curable complication of spinal anesthesia. Differentiation between post-dural puncture headache and subdural hematoma can be difficult, resulting in a delay in diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 28-year-old Ethiopian female patient who underwent elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia and returned to the emergency department after 1 month with a worsening headache. Brain computed tomography revealed a chronic subdural hematoma with a significant midline shift. The patient recovered completely after surgical evacuation. CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion and close attention to the pattern and characteristics of the headache, coupled with a meticulous neurologic examination and neuroimaging, can help to achieve timely diagnosis of this serious entity. Investigation with head computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is vital.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Hematoma Subdural Crônico , Hematoma Subdural Intracraniano , Adulto , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Cesárea , Feminino , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/etiologia , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/cirurgia , Hematoma Subdural Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Intracraniano/etiologia , Hematoma Subdural Intracraniano/cirurgia , Humanos , Gravidez
5.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 19(2): 402-407, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The postoperative analgesic efficacy of trans-muscular quadratus lumborum block in abdominal surgeries is well established; however, its intraoperative safety and efficacy as an anesthetic is still being explored. This retrospective case review was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of combined quadaratus lumburoum block and low-dose subarachnoid block for anesthesia in complex abdominal operations. METHODS: Perioperative data of 29 patients, who underwent abdominal operations during the period of June/2019 to October/2019 under the combined technique, was analyzed. The primary outcome was intra and postoperative pain scores with the conox as qnox and numeric rating scale respectively at different time points. The secondary outcomes were intraoperative sedation scores with conox as qcon and perioperative dosage of fentanyl, changes in mean arterial pressure and the incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: The mean qnox scores at incision, viscera dissection, closure and before transport to the post anesthesia care unit were between 44.66 and 55.79. The mean numeric rating scale scores before bed on the operation day, at 8 am on the first postoperative day, before bed on the first postoperative day and at 8 am on the second postoperative day were between 3.41 and 3.86. The mean qcon scores during the operations were between 61.31 and 65.82 while it was 85.66 following the stoppage of all sedations. The mean total perioperative consumption of fentanyl was 38.7mcg. The proportion of patients having MAP changes of less than 20% from baseline was 85.72%. The incidence of peri-operative adverse events was low. CONCLUSIONS: For complex abdominal operations, a combination of ultrasound-guided QLB-TM and low dose spinal anesthesia achieves adequate analgesia and is a safe technique.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Anestésicos Locais , Humanos , Nepal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
6.
A A Pract ; 15(10): e01538, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695036

RESUMO

Cesarean deliveries are often performed with a neuraxial anesthetic technique. Fracture of needles used for local anesthetic infiltration is rare. During subcutaneous infiltration of local anesthetic for a combined spinal epidural (CSE) anesthetic technique performed for elective cesarean delivery, a fragment from a fractured 27-gauge local anesthetic needle was retained in the lumbar subcutaneous tissue. CSE anesthesia was then successfully performed at a different spinal interspace, and the patient had an uneventful cesarean delivery. The patient had the needle fragment removed on the first postoperative day by an interventional radiologist who used fluoroscopy to identify the needle location.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Raquianestesia , Anestésicos Locais , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Agulhas , Gravidez
7.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684088

RESUMO

Factures in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients tend to occur due to the absence of motion between vertebrae, poor bone quality, and a long lever arm that generates extension force. However, most patients have a history of at least minor trauma. The aim of this report was that a vertebral fracture in a patient with AS can be caused not only by minor trauma, but also by position changes or maintenance of position for examination due to structural weakness. A 75-year-old woman with AS visited her local hospital on foot for back pain. She usually had back pain. However, she had increased back pain after falling over three weeks prior. In plain radiographs, no fracture was apparent. The doctor tried to perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further evaluation. However, several attempts of MRI failed due to continuous movement arising from pain. As a result, MRI was performed under spinal anesthesia for pain control. However, complete paraplegia developed during the MRI examination. MRI showed extension-type vertebral fracture with displacement and the patient was transferred to our hospital. We performed emergency posterior fusion, but neurological symptoms did not improve. This case suggests the need for careful positioning, sedation, or anesthesia when performing an examination or surgery in AS patients. We recommend that all patients with AS should be carefully positioned at all times during testing or surgery.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Fraturas Espontâneas , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilite Anquilosante , Idoso , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(42): e27534, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has become an important treatment modality for benign prostate hypertrophy. The aim of the present study was to compare regional anesthesia methods for HoLEP operation and to determine the optimal technique. METHODS: Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists scores of I-III were randomly allocated into 3 groups. Patients in group E received an epidural block with 75 mg of bupivacaine plus 50 µg of fentanyl. In group S, 15 mg of bupivacaine and 50 µg fentanyl were used for spinal anesthesia. In group SA, patients received saddle block with 15 mg of bupivacaine and 50 µg of fentanyl. RESULTS: Time to T10 dermatome block and to maximal level block were longest in group E (P < .05), and maximal sensorial block level was higher in group E than group SA (P < .05). There was a significant difference in postoperative motor block, but no difference in systolic blood pressure and heart rate. CONCLUSION: Among 3 techniques, saddle block might be preferable in HoLEP because an adequate sensorial level was achieved with lower motor block and stable hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Raquianestesia/métodos , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Prostatectomia/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Adjuvantes Anestésicos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Índice de Massa Corporal , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 38(10): 1077-1084, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies comparing phenylephrine and norepinephrine for the treatment of postspinal hypotension in pre-eclamptic patients are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare bolus doses of phenylephrine and norepinephrine for treating hypotension in pre-eclamptic mothers undergoing caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. It was hypothesised that norepinephrine and phenylephrine use would be associated with similar neonatal outcome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled study. SETTING: Single centre, tertiary care, university teaching hospital, from December 2018 to March 2020. PATIENTS: A total of 86 women with pre-eclampsia and a singleton pregnancy who developed postspinal hypotension during caesarean section. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received intravenous phenylephrine (50 µg) or norepinephrine (4 µg) for treatment of hypotension, defined as a fall in baseline systolic BP by ≥ 20% or an absolute value < 100 mmHg. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was umbilical artery pH. Secondary outcomes included Apgar scores, the number of hypotensive episodes, vasopressor requirements, the incidence of tachycardia/bradycardia/arrhythmias/hypertension and maternal complications. RESULTS: Umbilical artery pH was not different between the phenylephrine and norepinephrine groups (7.26 ±â€Š0.06 and 7.27 ±â€Š0.06, respectively; P = 0.903). The median [IQR] number of hypotensive episodes was higher in the norepinephrine than the phenylephrine group: 2 [1 to 3] vs 1 [1 to 2], respectively; P = 0.014. Apgar scores, total number of vasopressor boluses required, systolic BP trends and the incidence of maternal complications were comparable in the two groups. Heart rate (HR) values were lower in phenylephrine group (P = 0.026), and one patient in phenylephrine group and none in the norepinephrine group developed bradycardia (HR < 50 bpm), P = 1.000. CONCLUSIONS: In women with pre-eclampsia undergoing caesarean section, bolus doses of phenylephrine (50 µg) and norepinephrine (4 µg) used to treat hypotension after spinal anaesthesia are equally effective with similar neonatal and maternal outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CTRI/2018/11/016478.


Assuntos
Anestesia Obstétrica , Raquianestesia , Hipotensão , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Anestesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/tratamento farmacológico , Recém-Nascido , Infusões Intravenosas , Norepinefrina , Fenilefrina , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/tratamento farmacológico , Gravidez , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
10.
Acta Clin Croat ; 60(1): 68-74, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588724

RESUMO

Spinal anesthesia is widely used in different patient positions to create efficient and rapid anesthesia induction in surgical interventions. Early and late complications of spinal anesthesia may vary according to the type of needle, drug dose and concentration, patient weight and height, puncture technique, and position of the patient. This study aimed to prospectively compare early complications of spinal anesthesia between patients in sitting and lateral decubitus positions with motor block onset time and sensory block time to T10 level. Spinal anesthesia was performed in 100 ASA I-II patients aged 18-65 years (group S=48; and group L=52) undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery. Hemodynamic data, early complications, sensory and motor block onset times were recorded. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures were significantly lower in lateral decubitus position as compared to sitting position after spinal anesthesia induction. Arterial blood pressure values decreased significantly in lateral decubitus position as compared with sitting position. Motor block onset time and sensory block onset time were shorter in lateral decubitus position than in sitting position. Accordingly, sitting position could be suggested during induction of spinal anesthesia because it was associated with less pronounced decrease in blood pressures.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Anestesia Geral , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Locais , Artroscopia , Bupivacaína , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Postura
11.
Paediatr Anaesth ; 31(11): 1179-1186, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510633

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spinal anesthesia is utilized as an alternative to general anesthesia in infants for some surgeries. After spinal anesthesia, infants often become less conscious without administration of sedative medications. The aim of this study was to assess electroencephalographic (EEG) correlates after spinal anesthesia in a cohort of infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This pilot study included 12 infants who underwent spinal anesthesia. Unprocessed electroencephalography was recorded. The electroencephalogram was interpreted by four neurologists. Processed analyses compared electroencephalogram changes 30 min after spinal anesthesia to baseline. RESULTS: Following spinal anesthesia, all 12 infants became sedated. Electroencephalography in all 12 demonstrated Stage 2 sleep with the appearance of sleep spindles (12-14 Hz) in the frontal and central leads in 8/12 (67%) of subjects. The median time to onset of sleep spindles was 24.7 interquartile range (21.2, 29.9) min. The duration of sleep spindles was 25.1 interquartile range (5.8, 99.8) min. Voltage attenuation and background slowing were the most common initial changes. Compared to baseline, the electroencephalogram 30 min after spinal anesthesia showed significantly increased absolute delta power (p = 0.02) and gamma power (p < 0.0001); decreases in beta (p = 0.0006) and higher beta (p < 0.0001) were also observed. The Fast Fourier Transform power ratio difference for delta/beta was increased (p = 0.03). Increased coherence was noted in the delta (p = 0.02) and theta (p = 0.04) bandwidths. DISCUSSION: Spinal anesthesia in infants is associated with increased electroencephalographic slow wave activity and decreased beta activity compared to the awake state, with appearance of sleep spindles suggestive of normal sleep. The etiology and significance of the observed voltage attenuation and background slowing remains unclear. CONCLUSIONS: The EEG signature of infant spinal anesthesia is distinct from that seen with general anesthesia and is consistent with normal sleep. Further investigation is required to better understand the etiology of these findings. Our preliminary findings contribute to the understanding of the brain effects of spinal anesthesia in early development.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Encéfalo , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Lactente , Projetos Piloto , Sono
12.
Ann Ital Chir ; 92: 406-411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative awareness is a serious adverse event under general anesthesia. Midazolam has a good anterograde amnesia-inducing effect, can prevent and reduce the occurrence of intraoperative awareness. However, if the dosage of midazolam is improperly controlled, it may not produce forgetting effect, or bring obvious adverse side effects, such as respiratory depression, and delay of recovery. However, the half maximal effective dose (ED50 ) of midazolam for amnesia, the duration of amnesia and the factors affecting the duration of amnesia are still inconclusive. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to observe and determine the dose, duration and influencing factors of amnesia induced by midazolam METHODS: A total of 106 patients who underwent ASA grades I-II elective operation under spinal-epidural anesthesia were intravenously injected with different doses of midazolam at 10 minutes after spinal-epidural anesthesia, every 5 minutes, the patient was presented with pictures or sounds as memory content, and heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), blood oxygen saturation (SpO2), bispectral index (BIS), OAA/S and adverse events were recorded. The patient's forgetfulness was followed up in the early morning after operation. RESULTS: ED50 (the dose for amnesia in half of the subjects) was 0.031 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.027-0.036 mg/kg); ED95 (the dose for amnesia in 95% of the subjects) was 0.044 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.038-0.071 mg/kg). After the patients were injected intravenously with 0.04 mg/kg of midazolam, the respiratory and circulatory systems were basically stable, no serious adverse events occurred, and the forgetting rate was 88.5%. ET50 (the time for half of the subjects in a state of forgetfulness) was 23.77 minutes (95% CI: 20.18-27.07 min), and the corresponding BIS was 83.22; ET05 (the time for 5% of the subjects in a state of forgetfulness) was 53.90 minutes (95% CI: 48.54-61.47 min) and the corresponding BIS was 91.38. The amnesia-inducing effect of midazolam was correlated to sedation grade, BIS and age, and was not correlated to visual memory or auditory memory. CONCLUSION: In this study, the ED50 , ED95 and maintenance time of the forgetting effect of intravenous midazolam were preliminarily determined. KEY WORDS: Amnesia, Duration of amnesia, ED50, Midazolam.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Midazolam , Amnésia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Midazolam/efeitos adversos
13.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 71(5): 489-497, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia is commonly employed during inguinal hernial surgeries. Its short duration may, however, be considered a limitation, especially for bilateral hernial repair. The aim of this research is to investigate the analgesic and hemodynamic effects of intravenous infusion of both MgSO4 and dexmedetomidine on patients undergoing bilateral inguinal hernia surgeries under spinal anesthesia. METHODS: This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blinded controlled trail. It included 60 male patients who had been scheduled for bilateral elective inguinal hernia surgery under spinal anesthesia at Kasr Al-Aini hospital. Patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups (n = 20 each) to receive 50 mL of 0.9% saline intravenous infusion of either dexmedetomidine 0.5 µg.kg-1. h-1 (Group D) or magnesium sulphate 15 mg.kg-1. h-1 (Group M) or normal saline (Group S). The primary outcome of this study was set as the total duration of analgesia. Secondary outcomes were set as the onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade, perioperative hemodynamics, and the total 24-hour postoperative morphine consumption. RESULTS: Durations of sensory and motor blockades as well as durations of analgesia were all significantly longer among patients in Group D (mean 2.2, 3.5, 5.8 hours respectively) and Group M (mean 2.2, 3.3, 5.2 hours respectively), in comparison to Group S (mean 1.5, 2.7, 3.9 hours respectively). No significant differences were found in systolic or diastolic arterial blood pressure, heart rate oxygen saturation, cardiac output, or stroke volume among the study groups. Seven patients in Group D and four patients in Groups M and S developed hypotension. CONCLUSION: Intravenous infusion of either dexmedetomidine or MgSO4 with spinal anesthesia effectively improves the quality of spinal anesthesia and prolongs the duration of postoperative analgesia and decreases the 24-hour postoperative morphine consumption. Results also demonstrated that the use of dexmedetomidine resulted in a slightly longer duration of analgesia, whilst the use of MgSO4 resulted in slightly better hemodynamic stability.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Dexmedetomidina , Hérnia Inguinal , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Hemodinâmica , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Sulfato de Magnésio/farmacologia , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e400, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280181

RESUMO

Abstract Several findings paved the way to the use of the spinal approach for anesthesia. Information about the originators and dates of their discoveries is controversial. According to personal communications, doctors Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, in Medellín, and Lisandro Leyva, in Bogotá, in 1904 and 1905 respectively, would appear to be the pioneers of spinal anesthesia in Colombia. Pioneering cases of this procedure carried out in 1901 by doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique and which continued to be performed by his colleagues and assistants of the medical community at the time are documented in the Corporis Fabrica dissertation collection of the National University of Colombia.


Resumen Son varios los hallazgos que contribuyeron al abordaje de la columna vertebral como vía para la administración de anestesia. Los autores y las fechas de tales descubrimientos han sido controvertidos. En Colombia, según fuentes orales, los doctores Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, en Medellín, y Lisandro Leyva, en Bogotá, en 1904 y 1905 respectivamente, serían los pioneros de la anestesia raquídea en Colombia. En las tesis de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional, Colección Corporis Fabrica, se documentan los casos pioneros de este procedimiento realizados en 1901, por el doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique y continuados enseguida por sus colegas y ayudantes de la comunidad médica de ese entonces.


Assuntos
Humanos , Anestesia , Raquianestesia/história , Anestésicos Locais , Faculdades de Medicina , Coluna Vertebral , Métodos
15.
J Arthroplasty ; 36(11): 3676-3680, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mepivacaine spinal anesthetic may facilitate more rapid postoperative recovery in joint arthroplasty than bupivacaine. This study compared recovery, pain, and complications between the 2 anesthetics in anterior-approach total hip arthroplasty (THA) at a free-standing ambulatory surgery center (ASC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of 282 consecutive patients with mean age 55.7 ± 8.8 years and body mass index 30.6 ± 5.3 who underwent THA at an ASC from November 2018 to July 2020 compares mepivacaine (n = 141) vs bupivacaine (n = 141) spinal anesthesia, a transition made in March 2019. The main outcomes were length of stay in the postoperative unit (post acute care unit) prior to same-day discharge (SDD), time to controlled void, and ambulation. Secondarily, postoperative pain scores (0-10) with morphine equivalents were required and any postoperative complications were compared. RESULTS: Mepivacaine decreased mean post acute care unit stay (4.0 vs 5.7 hours, P < .001), time to void (3.1 vs 4.9 hours, P < .001), and ambulation (3.2 vs 4.5 hours, P < .001). No patients needed urinary catheterization or overnight stay. Two patients in the bupivacaine group had transient neurologic symptoms, consisting of foot drop and spinal headache, compared to none with mepivacaine (P = .498). Mepivacaine patients had increased postoperative pain at 2 hours (1.7 vs 0.9, P < .001), at discharge (1.1 vs 0.5, P = .004), and morphine equivalent doses received (7.8 vs 3.7 mg, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Mepivacaine spinal anesthesia for anterior-approach THA safely facilitated more rapid SDD from the ASC through decreased times to controlled void and ambulation with only minor increase in pain when compared to bupivacaine. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III - Retrospective comparative cohort study.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Locais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Bupivacaína , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Mepivacaína , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362756

RESUMO

We present a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with subarachnoid block (SAB) in an opioid-tolerant patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A 64-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain of biliary colic. Surgery was delayed in favour of conservative management given that she was considered high risk for general anaesthesia. Due to refractory pain, she successfully proceeded to have laparoscopic cholecystectomy with SAB. This case is a timely reminder that SAB is feasible and safe in patients with severe COPD, with the added benefit of increased analgesic effects, fewer postoperative pulmonary complications and quick recovery time.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Anestésicos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Analgésicos Opioides , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
A A Pract ; 15(8): e01511, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415243

RESUMO

It remains unclear how epidural pneumatosis affects the efficacy of neuraxial anesthesia. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (Hamman syndrome) with epidural pneumatosis is rare. Regardless of its etiology, general anesthesia with positive pressure ventilation in patients with pneumomediastinum carries the risk of pneumothorax. We present a 19-year-old patient with Hamman syndrome and epidural pneumatosis who required emergency laparotomy. Effective analgesia was obtained using neuraxial anesthesia with a combined spinal-epidural anesthesia technique.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural , Raquianestesia , Enfisema Mediastínico , Adulto , Colectomia , Espaço Epidural/cirurgia , Humanos , Enfisema Mediastínico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
19.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; 40(5): 100934, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400388

RESUMO

The incidence of acute pain during caesarean section varies between studies, with a reported rate ranging between 0.5%-17% for spinal anaesthesia and 1.7%-20% for epidural anaesthesia. Leaders from the French Club anesthésie-réanimation en obstétrique (CARO) convened to provide a clinical framework and practice bulletin to prevent, recognise and treat acute pain during caesarean section. First, a steering group agreed on 5 themes guiding quality of anaesthesia care for caesarean section: (1) appropriate neuraxial anaesthesia and testing of the surgical block prior to incision (PREVENTION); (2) appropriate organisation around decision to delivery time (COMMUNICATION); 3) appropriate management of pain before and/or after skin incision (RECOGNITION & RESPONSE); (4) appropriate prevention, identification and management of post-traumatic stress disorder (SCREENING, PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF COMPLICATIONS); (5) management of medico-legal issues (MITIGATION). Then, an interdisciplinary multi-professional taskforce composed of obstetric anaesthesiologists, obstetricians, neonatologists, psychiatrists, midwifes, nurse anaesthetists, lawyers and patients, developed 23 statements that contribute to optimise care for caesarean section under neuraxial anaesthesia, of which 10 were deemed key recommendations. A decision-tree was built to optimise prevention, communication, recognition, response and management. The aim of this practice bulletin, which was endorsed by 6 societies, is to raise awareness on the risks associated with severe acute pain during caesarean section and to provide best clinical practices; pain during caesarean is not acceptable and should be prevented and managed by all stakeholders.


Assuntos
Dor Aguda , Anestesia Epidural , Anestesia Obstétrica , Raquianestesia , Dor Aguda/diagnóstico , Dor Aguda/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
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