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1.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 54, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IcarisideII (ICAII) could promote the differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to Schwann cells (SCs), leading to improvement of erectile function (EF) and providing a realistic therapeutic option for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of ADSCs and ICAII in this process remain largely unclear. METHODS: ADSCs were treated with different concentrations of ICAII. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to detect expressions of SCs markers, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), and microRNA-let-7i (let-7i). Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the regulatory relationship between let-7i and STAT3. The detection of intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and the ratio of ICP/mean arterial pressure (MAP) were used to evaluate the EF in bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) rat models. RESULTS: ICAII promoted cell proliferation of ADSCs in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein levels of SCs markers were increased by ICAII treatment in a dose-dependent manner in ADSCs. Moreover, let-7i was significantly decreased in ICAII-treated ADSCs and upregulation of let-7i attenuated ICAII-induced promotion of SCs markers. In addition, STAT3 was a direct target of let-7i and upregulated in ICAII-treated ADSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of STAT3 abated the let-7i-mediated inhibition effect on differentiation of ADSCs to SCs and rescued the ICAII-mediated promotion effect on it. Besides, combination treatment of ADSCs and ICAII preserved the EF of BCNI rat models, which was undermined by let-7i overexpression. CONCLUSION: ICAII was effective for preserving EF by promoting the differentiation of ADSCs to SCs via modulating let-7i/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção
2.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 50, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ureteral obstruction causes injury of the renal tissues and can irreversibly progress to renal fibrosis, with atrophy and apoptosis of tubular cells. The goal of the current study was to examine the effects of rhein on the apoptosis o renal tubular cells as well as renal fibrosis using a rodent model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). METHODS: UUO was induced through ureteral ligation, then animals received treatments with rhein or vehicle. The control rats only received sham operation. The renal tissue was harvested 1 week after surgery for assessment of kidney fibrosis. RESULTS: The expressions of collagen I and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), as well as the severity of renal tubular apoptosis and fibrosis were time-dependently increased following UUO. Treatments with rhein partially inhibited such responses. Renal interstitial fibrosis was associated with STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) phosphorylation as well as altered expressions of Bax and Bcl2, both apoptosis-related proteins. Treatment with rhein also partly blocked these responses. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrated that rhein mitigated apoptosis of renal tubular cell as well as renal fibrosis in a UUO rodent model. This curative effect is likely mediated via suppression of STAT3 phosphorylation.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/administração & dosagem , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Obstrução Ureteral/prevenção & controle , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Fibrose/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia
3.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 393-395, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532144

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To explore the relationship between the electrical conductivity (EC) and biochemical indicators of rat cerebrum tissues and postmortem intervals (PMIs) and discuss the mechanism of applying EC to infer PMI. Methods Forty healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed and stored in an environment of about 25 ℃. The whole cerebrum tissues of rats were removed respectively at different PMIs of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 d, and then made into homogenized impregnation solution. The EC and related biochemical indicators (potassium, sodium, chloride, calcium, inorganic phosphorus, magnesium, uric acid, urea nitrogen and creatinine) in cerebrum tissue impregnation solution were determined, and the relationships among EC in impregnation solution, related biochemical indicators and PMI were analyzed. Results The EC in cerebrum tissues increased gradually with the extension of PMI, and the content of uric acid, urea nitrogen and inorganic phosphorus in its impregnation solution also increased gradually with the extension of PMI. The correlation of EC, uric acid, urea nitrogen, and inorganic phosphorus with PMI was relatively good (R2 was 0.95-0.99), and there was a linear correlation between the content change of uric acid, urea nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus and EC (R2 was 0.97-0.99). The changes of the other 6 kinds of biochemical indicators with the extension of PMI within 7 d after the rats' death were non-significant (P>0.05). Conclusion The correlation between EC in cerebrum tissues, uric acid, urea nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus and PMI were relatively good, and combining various indicators can also improve the accuracy of PMI estimation.


Assuntos
Cérebro/patologia , Condutividade Elétrica , Mudanças Depois da Morte , Animais , Patologia Legal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Chem Biol Interact ; 312: 108817, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499053

RESUMO

Aconitine might have reproductive toxicity and the effects of aconitine on androgen synthesis in Leydig cells remain unclear. Here, we explore how aconitine affects androgen synthesis and metabolism in rat immature Leydig cells in vitro. Immature Leydig cells were isolated from 35-day-old male Sprague Dawley rats and cultured with 0-50 µM aconitine for 3 h in combination with LH, 8Br-cAMP, 22R-hydroxycholesterol, pregnenolone, progesterone, androstenedione, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone, respectively. Medium androgens were measured. The levels of Leydig cell mRNAs, Lhcgr, Scarb1, Star, Cyp11a1, Hsd3b1, Cyp17a1, Hsd17b3, Srd5a1, and Akr1c14, were measured by qPCR. ROS and apoptosis were determined after 24-h aconitine treatment. Aconitine inhibited basal androgen production in Leydig cells at 0.05 µM and the higher concentrations. Aconitine blocked pregnenolone, progesterone, and androstenedione mediated androgen outputs without affecting 22R-hydroxycholesterol-mediated androgen production at 5 µM. Aconitine also inhibited LH and 8Br-cAMP stimulated androgen outputs at 5 µM. Further investigation showed that aconitine blocked androgen synthesis via down-regulating the expression of Scarb1, Hsd3b1, Cyp17a1, and Hsd17b3. At 50 µM, aconitine also induced ROS generation and increased apoptotic rate of Leydig cells. Aconitine lowered serum testosterone levels at 1.5 mg/kg after 7 days of oral exposure from postnatal day 35. In conclusion, aconitine inhibits androgen synthesis.


Assuntos
Aconitina/farmacologia , Androgênios/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/citologia , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptores do LH/genética , Receptores do LH/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/genética , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/metabolismo , Testosterona/sangue , Testosterona/farmacologia
5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 547-53, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with rehabilitation training on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and angiogenesis in rats with acute cerebral ischemia (ACI), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of ACI. METHODS: A total of 135 male SD rats were divided into 5 groups: sham-operation (sham), model, EA, rehabilitation training and EA+rehabilitation training (combined treatment) groups (n=27 rats in each group). The ACI model was established by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery with thread embolus. EA (2 Hz/20 Hz, 3-5 V) was applied to "Baihui" (GV20), "Shuigou" (GV26) and bilateral "Neiguan" (PC6) for 20 min, once daily for 14 days. The rehabilitation training including hair-brushing in an enriched environment (10 min), round wooden-stick turning (10 min), grid-board climbing (10 min), and treadmill running (30 min/d) was condacted once daily for 14 days. The rCBF was measured by Doppler ultrasound. The cerebral infarct volume (CIV) was measured after 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The expression of CD34+ in the ischemic penumbra region of brain tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expressions of angiogenesis-related factors as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) proteins in the ischemic brain tissue were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Following modeling, the rCBF levels at the 5 min, 3rd, 7th and 14th day were significantly decreased in the model group relevant to the sham group (P<0.01). After the intervention, the rCBF levels were significantly increased on day 3, 7 and 14 in the combined treatment group and on day 7 and 14 in both the EA and rehabilitation training groups in comparison with the model group (P<0.01). The CIV was obvious in the model group in comparison with the sham group (P<0.01), but was markedly smaller in the EA, rehabilitation training and combined treatment groups on day 3,7 and 14 than in the model group (P<0.01). The number of CD34+ positive cells, and the expression levels of VEGF, VEGFR2, and bFGF proteins in ischemic brain tissues were significantly higher on day 3, 7 and 14 in the model group than in the sham group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and were further up-regulated considerably at the 3 time-points in the 3 treatment groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of EA+rehabilitation training was significantly superior to that of simple EA and simple rehabilitation training in up-regulating rCBF, CD34+ positive cell number, and expression levels of VEGF, VEGFR2 and bFGF, and in down-regulating the CIV on day 3,7 and 14 (P<0.05, P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the EA and rehabilitation groups in the above-mentioned 6 indexes (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA combined with rehabilitation training can reduce the infarct volume and increase rCBF in ACI rats, which is probably associated with its effects in promoting the expression of angiogenesis-related factors of ischemic brain tissues. The effect of EA combined with rehabilitation training is markedly better than that of EA and rehabilitation training alone.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Eletroacupuntura , Indutores da Angiogênese , Animais , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
6.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 554-9, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of auricular electroacupuncture (EA) on intracellular Raf/ extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK)/ cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signal pathway in the hippocampus of depression model rats, so as to explore its anti-depressive mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, auricular EA, PD98059(ERK inhibitor), DMSO (Dimethylsulfoxide), PD98059+EA groups (n=10 in each group). The rats in the control group were fed with normal diet without any treatment. The depression model was induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for consecutive 21 days. EA (20 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to bilateral auricular "Xin"(Heart) and "Shenmen" for 30 min, once daily for 28 days. Rats of the PD98059, DMSO and PD98059+EA groups received intracerebroventricular injection of PD98059(100 µmol/L), DMSO and PD98059 (dissolved by DMSO) solutions (5 µL/d), respectively, once daily for 28 days. Sucrose preference test (sucrose consumption) was conducted at the baseline, before and after the intervention. The expression of hippocampal Raf, phosphorylated (p)-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB and p-CREB proteins were detected by Western blot after EA intervention. RESULTS: Following modeling, the sucrose consumption volume, and the expression levels of hippocampal Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB proteins were significantly lower in the model group than those in the control group (P<0.01). Following the treatment, the sucrose consumption and the expression levels of Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB in the auricular EA group and those of p-Raf, ERK and CREB in the PD98059+EA group were obviously increased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), the expression level of p-ERK in the PD98059 group was obviously decreased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of depression after auricular EA. Compared with auricular EA group, the expression level of p-ERK, p-CREB and RSK in the PD98059+EA group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of auricular "Xin" and "Shenmen" is able to improve depression in depression rats, which is probably related to its effect in promoting activities of hippocampal Raf/ERK/RSK/CREB signaling.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico , Depressão , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular , Hipocampo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 560-5, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at five Back-Shu points on sleep, hippocampal peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) expression and hypothalamic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-1ß contents in insomnia rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of insomnia. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, EA and medication (Diazepam) groups (n=10 rats in each group). The insomnia model was established by intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) of para-Chlorophenylalanine (PCPA, 300 mg/kg) once daily for 2 days. EA (60 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral five Back-Shu points, i.e., Feishu (BL13), Xinshu (BL15), Ganshu (BL18), Pishu (BL20) and Shenshu (BL23) for 10 min, once daily for 6 days. Rats of the medication group were treated by gavage of Diazepam (0.92 mg/kg) once daily for 6 days. The sleep duration was recorded after i.p. of Pentobarbital Sodium (45 mg/kg). Histopathological changes of the hippocampus were displayed by H.E. staining. The contents of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, TNF-α and IL-1ß in the hypothalamus were assessed by using ELISA. The expression levels of PBR mRNA and protein in the hippocampus were detected by quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: Following modeling, the sleep duration was considerably shortened in rats of the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the sleep duration was significantly increased in both EA and medication groups relevant to the model group (P<0.05). After modeling, the hippocampal neurons were obviously decreased in number, and disordered in the arrangement, the levels of hypothalamic 5-HT, 5-HIAA, TNF-α, and IL-1ß were significantly down-regulated (P<0.05), and the expression of PBR mRNA and protein in hippocampus was obviously increased relevant to the control group (P<0.05). Following the treatment, the hippocampal neurons were increased in number and arranged regularly, and the contents of hypothalamic 5-HT, 5-HIAA, TNF-α, and IL-1ß were considerably increased (P<0.05), and the expression of PBR mRNA and protein in hippocampus was significantly decreased in both EA and medication groups relevant to the model group (P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of EA was comparable to that of medication in increasing sleep duration, body weight, 5-HT and 5-HIAA contents (P>0.05), and significantly superior to that of the medication in increasing TNF-α and IL-1ß levels (P<0.05), and considerably superior to that of medication in down-regulating PBR mRNA and protein expression (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA at five Back-Shu-points of the five Zang-organs can significantly improve the sleep in insomnia rats, which is closely associated with its effects in reducing the expression of PBR in hippocampus and up-regulating the levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, TNF-α and IL-1ß in hypothalamus.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Hipocampo , Ácido Hidroxi-Indolacético , Hipotálamo , Interleucina-1beta , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de GABA-A , Serotonina , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 566-70, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on anti-oxidant function of Leydig cells in aged rats with low testosterone, so as to reveal its underlying mechanism of anti-aging of male reproduction. METHODS: Eighteen 20 months old SD rats were divided into aged control, medication and EA groups(n=6 in each group), and other 6 young male SD rats (2 months of age) were used as the youth control group. The rats of the youth and the aged control groups received subcutaneous injection of 0.9% normal saline (7 mg·kg-1·3 d-1) for 8 weeks, and those of the medication group received abdominal subcutaneous injection of Testosterone Propionate (7 mg·kg-1·3 d-1) for 8 weeks. EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral "Shenshu" (BL23) and "Guanyuan" (CV4) for 15 min, once daily for 8 weeks except the weekends. The levels of serum total testosterone (TT) and free testosterone (FT) were determined by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), the immunoactivity of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (p-ERK) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of ERK, p-ERK, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins in the testis tissues were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: Before and after the treatment, the levels of serum TT and FT in the aged control group were significantly lower than those of the youth control group (P<0.01). After the treatment, the serum TT and FT contents in the EA and medication groups were obviously higher than those in the aged control group (P<0.01). Compared with the youth control group, the expression levels of ERK, p-ERK, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins were significantly down-regulated in the aged control group (P<0.01), while in comparison with the aged control group, the expression levels of ERK, p-ERK, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins were significantly up-regulated in the medication and EA groups (P<0.01). The therapeutic effect of EA was notably superior to that of medication in up-regulating the immunoactivity of p-ERK, and the expression levels of ERK, p-ERK, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins (P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the EA and medication groups in the increased levels of serum TT and FT after the intervention (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA intervention may increase testosterone level of the aged rats, which may be related to its effects in triggering ERK /Nrf2 /HO-1 signaling (anti-oxidative stress signal pathway) in the testis.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante) , Células Intersticiais do Testículo , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Testosterona
9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 571-6, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of different frequencies (2 Hz, 100 Hz) of electroacupuncture (EA) on limb locomotion and the expression of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α in sciatic nerve, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in lumber(L)4-L5of spinal cord in rats with sciatic nerve injury (SNI), so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of SNI. METHODS: A total of 48 SD rats (half male and half female) were equally divided into blank control, model, low frequency (2 Hz) EA and high frequency (100 Hz) EA groups. The SNI model was established by clamping the spinal nerve. EA intervention (2 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 mA), starting on the 8th day after modeling, was applied to "Huantiao" (GB30) on the injured side for 15 min, once daily for 14 consecutive days. The sciatic function index (SFI) was calculated to assess the injured hindlimb recovery with reference to BAIN's and colleagues' methods. Histopathological changes of the sciatic nerve were displayed by H.E. staining. The expressions of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in the sciatic nerve tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression of NF-κB in the spinal cord was detected by using Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling, the SFI level on day 8 was significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01), and no significant differences were found among the model, low frequency EA and high frequency EA groups before the EA intervention (P>0.05). Following the treatment (at the 22nd day), the SFI values of both low frequency EA and high frequency EA groups were significantly increased (P<0.01), suggesting an improvement of the limb motor function, and the SFI of the low frequency EA group was notably higher than that of the high frequency EA group (P<0.01). In comparison with the blank control group, the expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α in the sciatic nerve and NF-κB protein in the spinal cord were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Following EA intervention, the increased expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and NF-κB proteins were significantly down-regulated in both low frequency EA and high frequency EA groups (P<0.05), and the therapeutic effect of low frequency EA was markedly superior to that of high frequency EA in down-regulating the expression levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and NF-κB protein (P<0.05). H.E. staining showed increase of Schwann cells in number, cellular swelling, and disintegration of the axons and myelin sheath, and appearance of vacuolar degeneration in the model group, which was relatively milder in both low frequency EA and high frequency EA groups, particularly in the low frequency EA group. CONCLUSION: EA of GB30 at 2 Hz and 100 Hz can promote the recovery of hindlimb motor function in SNI rats, which is probably related to its function in inhibiting the inflammatory response, and facilitating the repair of the damaged sciatic nerve. 2 Hz EA is better than 100 Hz EA in the therapeutic effect.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Neuropatia Ciática , Animais , Feminino , Locomoção , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático
10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 583-8, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of moxa-stick moxibustion and joss-stick moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV4) on the activity of mast cells in the small intestine tissue in rats. METHODS: Twelve male SD rats were randomly divided into control, joss-stick moxibustion and moxa-stick moxibustion groups (n=4 rats in each group). Joss-stick or moxa-stick moxibustion was applied to CV4 for 10 min. After moxibustion, the skin temperature of the CV4 region was measured immediately with a thermometer. The mast cells and nerve fibers in the small intestine tissue were displayed by immunofluorescence histochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the skin temperature of the CV4 region in both the joss-stick and the moxa-stick groups were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the skin temperature of the moxa-stick group was significantly higher than that in the joss-stick group (P<0.05). There were a large number of tryptase-positive mast cells in the small intestine of rats, some of which were co-expressed with lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1, displaying an activated state. The average numbers of mast cells in the control, joss-stick and moxa-stick groups were 9.2±3.6, 10.8±5.3 and 17.1±6.3, respectively, being significantly higher in the moxa-stick group than in the control and joss-stick groups (P<0.05). In addition, calcitonin gene-related peptide(CGRP) and neuropeptide Y(NPY) positive nerve fibers were found around the mast cells in the small intestinal tissues. CONCLUSION: Moxa-stick moxibustion gives rise a higher temperature at CV4 to activate mast cells surrounded by CGRP and NPY positive nerve fibers in the small intestine tissue in rats, suggesting an involvement of the sensory and sympathetic nervous system in the activation of intestinal mast cells possibly by way of somatic sympathetic reflex.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Animais , Intestino Delgado , Masculino , Mastócitos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Temperatura Cutânea
11.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 628-629, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474050

RESUMO

In the process of establishing Sprague Dawley rat skin grafting model, to prevent rats from biting and scratching the wounds is the key factor for determining success or failure. To solve this problem, the author designed a restraint material, which consists of neck film ring and limb dressing. It plays a good role in preventing rats from biting and scratching the wounds, and is worthy of popularization and application.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Imobilização/instrumentação , Transplante de Pele , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 917-922, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of zinc-fingers and homeoboxes 2 (ZHX2) in regulating µ-opioid receptor expression in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in mice with peripheral nerve injury-induced pain hypersensitivity. METHODS: Forty-eight male adult C57BL6J mice were randomized into 4 groups and subjected to chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve or sham operation followed by microinjection of a specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ZHX2 or a negative control siRNA sequence (siNC) into the DRG. Seven days later, the mice were examined for changes in the hind paw withdrawal frequency (PWF), after which the DRG tissue was collected for detecting the expressions of µ-opioid receptor at the mRNA and protein levels using RT-qPCR and Western blotting. In another experiment, the DRG tissues were collected from 6 mice (21-day-old) for primary culture of the DRG neurons, which were transfected with ZHX2 siRNA or the siNC to observe the changes in the expressions of ZHX2 and µ-pioid receptor. RESULTS: Microinjection of ZHX2 siRNA into the ipsilateral L3 and L4 DRGs significantly reversed CCI-induced µ-pioid receptor downregulation in the injured DRG and alleviated CCI-induced mechanical allodynia in the mice. In the cell experiment, ZHX2 knockdown obviously upregulated the mRNA and protein expressions of opioid receptor in the primary cultured DRG neurons. CONCLUSIONS: ZHX2 knockdown in the DRG reverses CCI-induced down-regulation of µ opioid receptor to alleviate periphery nerve injury-induced pain hypersensitivity in mice.


Assuntos
Gânglios Espinais , Neuralgia , Animais , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Hiperalgesia , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Opioides mu
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 944-949, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (Dex) alleviates renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in diabetic rats by increasing the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). METHODS: A rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus was established by high-fat diet and streptozotocin injection. The rats were subjected to daily intragastric administration of 0.05 mg/kg digoxin for 7 consecutive days and intraperitoneal injection of Dex 2 h before renal IR injury induced by ligation of the bilateral renal arteries for 60 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. After reperfusion, blood samples were taken for detection of serum creatinine (Scr) and urea nitrogen (BUN) levels. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of HIF-1α, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax in the renal tissues; the expression of the HIF-1α, p-eNOS, and eNOS were detected using ELISA. The percentage of apoptotic glomerular cells was assessed using TUNEL assay. RESULTS: The levels of Scr, BUN, HIF-1α, p-eNOS, and eNOS and the percentage of apoptotic cells in both normal and diabetic rats increased significantly after renal IR injury (P < 0.05). The expressions of Scr, BUN, p-eNOS, and eNOS decreased while HIF-1α expression increased significantly in Dex-treated rats with renal IR injury (P < 0.05). Compared with the non-diabetic rats, the diabetic rats showed more obvious increase in the expressions of Scr, BUN, p-eNOS, and eNOS following renal IR injury. In the diabetic rats with renal IR injury, Dex treatment prior to the injury significantly lowered the expressions of Scr, BUN, p-eNOS, eNOS, cleaved caspase-3, and Bax, decreased the percentage of apoptotic cells, and increased the levels of HIF-1a and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05). Digoxin treatment significantly antagonized the effects of Dex in the diabetic rats with renal IR injury by increasing the expressions of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax, promoting glomerular cell apoptosis, and decreasing renal expressions of HIF-1 and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Dex alleviates renal IR injury in diabetic rats probably by inhibiting renal expression of HIF-1α and glomerular cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Dexmedetomidina , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Rim , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 950-956, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different doses of propofol on myelin basic protein (MBP) synthesis and myelination of oligodendrocytes in neonatal SD rats. METHODS: A total of 57 neonatal SD rats (7 days old) were randomly divided into control group (n=13), vehicle (fat emulsion) group (n=5), and 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg propofol groups (n=13 in each group). Eight hours after a single intraperitoneal injection of propofol or the vehicle, the rats were examined for expressions of mbp mRNA, caspase-3 mRNA, cleaved caspase-3 and MBP in the brain tissues using qPCR and Western blotting. Immunofluorescence assay was used to detect the apoptosis of the oligodendrocytes at 8 h after the injection and the myelination of the corpus callosum and internal capsule at 24 h. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the neonatal rats with propofol injections showed significantly down-regulated expressions of mbp mRNA and MBP protein in the brain tissue (P < 0.05). Propofol dose-dependently increased the transcription level of caspase-3 and the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3 at 8 h after the injection (P < 0.05). Propofol injection significantly increased the apoptosis of the oligodendrocytes, and the effect was significantly stronger in 50 and 100 mg/kg groups than in 25 mg/kg group (P < 0.05). At 24 h after propofol injection, myelin formation was significantly decreased in the corpus callosum of the neonatal rats in 100 mg/kg propofol group and in the internal capsule in 50 and 100 mg/kg groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In neonatal SD rats, propofol can dose-dependently promote oligodendrocyte apoptosis, decrease MBP expressions in the brain, and suppress myelin formation in the corpus callosum and the internal capsule.


Assuntos
Oligodendroglia , Animais , Proteína Básica da Mielina , Propofol , RNA Mensageiro , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 980-986, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the signaling pathways that mediate the protective effects of dexmedetomidine on lung tissue against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Forty adult SD rats were randomized into 5 groups, namely I/R group (group A), dexmedetomidine group (group B), sham-operated group (group C), oxypenicillin group (group D), and oxypenicillin + dexmedetomidine group (group E). The arterial blood gas, lung tissue apoptosis rate, protein kinase (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-AKT), caspase-3 and caspase-9 were compared among the 5 groups. RESULTS: In groups A, B, D and E, the heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and oxygenation index (OI) measured before CPB, at opening of the left hilar and at the end of experiment decreased gradually while the respiratory index (RI) increased at the 3 time points. At the end of experiment, HR, MAP, and OI in group B were significantly higher and RI was significantly lower than those in groups A, D and E (P < 0.05). In groups A-E, the pathological scores of the lung tissue at the end of the experiment were 4.89, 1.89, 0, 6.01 and 5.76, respectively, and the cell apoptosis rates in the lung tissue were 6.25%, 3.69%, 1.06%, 8.06% and 7.79%, respectively (P < 0.001). Western blotting showed that the expressions of Akt and p-AKT were the highest and those of caspase-3 and caspase-9 were the lowest in group B among the 5 groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine can effectively alleviate lung injury in rats during CPB possibly by targeting caspase-3 and caspase-9 proteins that are related to PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Dexmedetomidina , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 987-992, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of risedronate on bone marrow adipogenesis and the expression of the receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) in adipocytes in the bone marrow micro-environment. METHODS: Primary cultured rat mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with or without adipogenic induction for 14 days were treated with 1, 5, 10, and 25 µmol/L risedronate. The droplets of the differentiated adipocytes were analyzed, and Western blotting was performed to detect the expression level of RANKL. Female SD rats (24-week-old) were randomly divided into sham-operated group and ovariectomy (OVX) group, and 12 weeks after the operation, the OVX rats were further divided into control group and risedronate group (2.4 µg/kg, injected subcutaneously for 3 times a week). Eight weeks later, the bone mineral density (BMD) of the rats and bone marrow histopathology of the femurs was examined to evaluate the effect of risedronate on the fat fraction in the bone marrow. RESULTS: Risdronate significantly inhibited adipogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs and suppressed RANKL expression in the adipocytes derived from the BMSCs in a concentration-dependent manner. In OVX rats, risdronate treatment significantly increased the BMD and decreased the fat content in the bone marrow. CONCLUSIONS: Risdronate can effectively inhibit the adipogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs, decrease fat content in the bone marrow, and suppress the generation and function of osteoclasts by down-regulating the expression of RANKL, which can be an important mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of risedronate against osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Adipogenia , Adipócitos , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Medula Óssea , Feminino , Ovariectomia , Ligante RANK , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Risedrônico
17.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 303-309, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation of phosphorylated ribosomal S6 protein (P-S6) content in blood and brain tissue in mice and rats with seizure. METHODS: Seizure models were induced by intraperitoric injection of kainic acid (KA) in C57BL/mice and SD rats. Flow cytometry was used to detect the content of P-S6 in blood; Western blot was used to detect the expression of P-S6 in brain tissues. The correlation between P-S6 expression in blood and in brain tissue was examine by Pearson analysis, and the correlation between P-S6 expression in blood and the severity of seizure was also observed. RESULTS: Western blotting analysis showed that the expression of P-S6 was significantly increased in peripheral blood and brain tissue in mice 1 h after KA-induced seizure,and the expression levels increased to (1.49±0.45) times (P<0.05) and (2.55±0.66) times (P <0.01) of the control group, respectively. Flow cytometry showed that the positive percentage and average fluorescence intensity of P-S6 in the blood of mice increased significantly 1 h after KA-induced seizures (P<0.01), which was consistent with the expression of P-S6 in brain tissue (r=0.8474, P<0.01). Flow cytometry showed that the average fluorescence intensity of P-S6 in blood increased from 14.89±9.75 to 52.35±21.72 (P<0.01) in rats with seizure, which was consistent with the change of P-S6 in brain tissue (r=0.9385, P<0.01). Rats with higher levels of seizure were of higher levels of P-S6 in peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent correlation of P-S6 expression is demonstrated in peripheral blood and in brain tissue after KA-induced seizure, suggesting that the expression of P-S6 in blood can accurately reflect the changes of mTOR signaling pathway in brain tissue.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ácido Caínico , Convulsões , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Convulsões/sangue , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/fisiopatologia
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20190068, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508664

RESUMO

To investigate the mechanism of different exercise patterns on neurological function after focal cerebral ischaemia in rats. Rats with focal cerebral cerebral ischaemia were randomly divided into an aerobic exercise group, an exhaustive exercise group and a control group, with 8 rats in each group. A score for nerve function in each group was calculated, and the ultrastructure of nerve cells was observed. Levels of NO and NOS in the brain motor area of the ​​rats were measured in each group. The aerobic exercise group had lower nerve function scores than the exhaustive exercise group and higher scores than the control group (P<0.05). Under transmission electron microscopy, irregular shapes and organs were observed in nerve cells in the control group, while regular cell shapes and organs were observed in the aerobic exercise group. The aerobic exercise group and exhaustive exercise group had higher measures of NO content, NOS activity and eNOS, nNOS and iNOS gene expression than the control group, but eNOS expression in the aerobic exercise group and iNOS expression in the exhaustive exercise group were clearly higher according to RT-PCR (P<0.05). Aerobic exercise can promote the expression of NOS, mainly in eNOS, which can promote nerve repair.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Óxido Nítrico/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/métodos , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
Gene ; 720: 144096, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476405

RESUMO

Biologically active materials and polymeric materials used in tissue engineering have been one of the most attractive research areas in the past decades, especially the use of easily accessible materials from the patients that reduces or eliminates any patient's immune response. In this study, electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated by using polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA), chitosan and hydroxyapatite (HA) polymers and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as a bioactive substance isolated from human blood. Fabricated scaffold's structure and cytotoxicity were evaluated using scanning electron microscope and MTT assays. Scaffolds osteoinductivity was investigated by osteogenic differentiation of the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) at the in vitro level and then its osteoconductivity was examined by implanting at the critical-sized rat calvarial defect. The in vitro results showed that scaffolds have a good structure and good biocompatibility. Alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium content and gene expression assays were also demonstrated that their highest amount was detected in MSCs-seeded PVA-chitosan-HA(PRP) scaffold. For this reason, this scaffold alone and along with the MSCs was implanted to the animal defects. The in vivo results demonstrated that in the animals implanted with PVA-chitosan-HA(PRP), the defect was repaired to a good extent, but in those animals that received MSCs-seeded PVA-chitosan-HA(PRP), the defects was almost filled. It can be concluded that, PVA-chitosan-HA(PRP) alone or when stem cells cultured on them, has a great potential to use as an effective bone implant.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Nanofibras/química , Osteogênese , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/química , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Crânio/cirurgia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Quitosana/química , Durapatita/química , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e086, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483052

RESUMO

Treatment of patients with bisphosphonate usage is a significant concern for oral surgeons because it interferes with jaw bone turnover and regeneration. In case of adverse effects manifesting related to bisphosphonate use, oral surgeons are usually treating and keep the patient's symptoms under control. In this study, we aimed to investigate a new treatment protocol for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). This treatment protocol consisted of administering human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) loaded chitosan microspheres which were prepared by ionotropic gelation method or/and the prepared microspheres were suspended in a poloxamer gel. After in-vitro optimization studies, the efficacy of the chosen formulations was evaluated in-vivo studies. Zoledronic acid was administered daily to forty-eight adult female Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into four experimental groups, at a daily concentration of 0.11 mg/kg over three weeks to induce the MRONJ model. At the end of this period, maxillary left molar teeth were extracted. In the first group, the subjects received no treatment. In the negative control group, poloxamer hydrogel containing empty microspheres were immediately applied to the soft tissues surrounding the extraction socket. The treatment group-1 was treated with local injections of poloxamer hydrogel containing hPTH. The treatment group-2 was treated with a single local injection of poloxamer hydrogel containing hPTH-loaded chitosan microspheres. Both treatment groups received a total of 7 µg of hPTH at the end of the treatment protocol. Our study demonstrates successful attenuation of MRONJ through a local drug delivery system combined with hPTH, as opposed to previously attempted treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Maxila/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/farmacologia , Animais , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/tratamento farmacológico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Feminino , Humanos , Maxila/patologia , Microesferas , Modelos Animais , Hormônio Paratireóideo/uso terapêutico , Poloxâmero/administração & dosagem , Poloxâmero/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
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