Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 268.950
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250936, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345557

RESUMO

Abstract This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Glutamine, as a dipeptide or a free amino acid form, on the progression of burn injuries in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were burned with a comb metal plate heated in boiling water (98 °C) for three minutes, creating four rectangular full-thickness burn areas separated by three unburned interspaces (zone of stasis) in both dorsum sides. The animals were randomized into three groups (n=10): saline solution (G1-Control) and treated groups that orally received Glutamine as dipeptide (G2-Dip) or free amino acid (G3-FreeAA). Two and seven days after burn injury, lesions were photographed for unburned interspaces necrosis evolution assessment. Seven days after injury, glutathione seric was measured and histopathological analysis was performed. By photographs, there was a significant reduction in necrosis progression in G3-Free-AA between days two and seven. Histopathological analysis at day 7 showed a significantly higher stasis zone without necrosis and a higher number of fibroblasts in G2-Dip and G3-FreeAA compared with G1-Control. Also, glutathione serum dosage was higher in G2-Dip. The plasmatic glutathione levels were higher in the G2-Dip than the G1-Control, and there was a trend to higher levels in G3-FreeAA. The reduction in histological lesions, greater production of fibroblasts, and greater amounts of glutathione may have benefited the evolution of burn necrosis, which showed greater preservation of interspaces.


Resumo Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar o efeito da Glutamina, como um dipeptídeo ou forma de aminoácido livre, na progressão de queimaduras em ratos. Trinta ratos Wistar machos foram queimados com um pente de metal aquecido em água fervente (98 °C) por três minutos, criando quatro áreas retangulares queimadas separadas por três interesespaços não queimados (zona de estase) em ambos os lados do dorso. Os animais foram randomizados em três grupos (n = 10): solução salina (G1-Controle) e grupos tratados que receberam glutamina via oral como dipeptídeo (G2-Dip) ou aminoácido livre (G3-FreeAA). Dois e sete dias após a queimadura, as lesões foram fotografadas para avaliação da evolução da necrose entre os espaços não queimados. Sete dias após a lesão, foi dosada a glutationa sérica e realizada análise histopatológica. Pelas fotografias, houve uma redução significativa na progressão da necrose no G3-Free-AA entre os dias dois e sete. A análise histopatológica no dia 7 mostrou uma zona de estase significativamente maior sem necrose e número mais elevado de fibroblastos em G2-Dip e G3-FreeAA em comparação com G1-Controle. Os níveis plasmáticos de glutationa foram maiores no G2-Dip em relação ao G1-Controle, e houve tendência a níveis mais elevados no G3-FreeAA. A redução das lesões histológicas, maior produção de fibroblastos, maior quantidade de glutationa podem ter beneficiado a evolução da necrose da queimadura, que mostrou maior preservação dos interespaços.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Glutamina , Ratos Wistar , Dipeptídeos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Aminoácidos
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Alpinia/química , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Brasil , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Músculos/patologia
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e237412, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355854

RESUMO

Abstract Only few studies have focus on animals that received Pilocarpine (Pilo) and did not develop behavioral status epilepticus (SE) and, whether they may become epileptic in the model's chronic phase. Previews works observed mossy fiber sprouting in the hippocampus of Non-SE (NSE) rats, while others observed spontaneous and recurrent seizures (SRS) 6 - 8 months after animals received Pilo. It is known that neuronal excitability is influenced by female hormones, as well as, the occurrence of SE in castrated and non-castrated female rats. However, it is not known whether females that received Pilo and did not show SE, may have SRS. The aim of this work was to investigate whether castrated and non-castrated female rats that did not show behavioral SE after Pilo, will develop SRS in the following one-year. For that, animals received 360 mg/kg of Pilo and were video monitored for 12 months. SE females from castrated and non-castrated groups became epileptic since the first month after drug injection. Epileptic behaviors were identified watching video monitoring recordings in the fast speed. Castrated and Non-castrated NSE animals showed behaviors resembling seizures described by Racine Scale stages 1 - 3. Motor alterations showed by NSE groups could be observed only when recordings were analyzed in slow speed. In addition, behavioral manifestations as, rhythmic head movements, sudden head movements, whole body movements and immobility were also observed in both, SE and NSE groups. We concluded that NSE female rats may have become epileptic. Adding to it, slow speed analysis of motor alterations was essential for the observation of NSE findings, which suggests that possibly many motor alterations have been underestimated in epilepsy experimental research.


Resumo Poucos são os estudos com foco em animais que receberam Pilocarpina (Pilo) e não desenvolveram status epilepticus (SE) comportamental e, se os mesmos se tornarão epilépticos na fase crônica do modelo. Autores observaram o brotamento das fibras musgosas no hipocampo de ratos Não-SE (NSE), enquanto outros observaram crises espontâneas e recorrentes (CER) 6 - 8 meses após receberam a droga. A excitabilidade neuronal é influenciada pelos hormônios femininos e, da mesma forma, a ocorrência de SE em ratas castradas e não-castradas. Entretanto, não é sabido se as fêmeas que não apresentam SE terão CER. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar se fêmeas castradas e não castradas que não tiveram SE comportamental após a injeção de Pilo desenvolverão CER dentro de um ano. Para isto, os animais receberam 360 mg/kg de Pilo e foram videomonitorados por 12 meses. As fêmeas SE castradas e não-castradas se tornaram epilépticas desde o primeiro mês pós Pilo. O comportamento epiléptico foi identificado assistindo as gravações na velocidade rápida. As fêmeas NSE castradas e não-castradas apresentaram comportamentos similares aos estágios 1 - 3 da Escala de Racine. As alterações motoras nestes grupos (NSE) foram observadas apenas quando as videomonitoração foi analisada na velocidade lenta. Além destas, manifestações comportamentais como movimentos rítmicos da cabeça, movimentos súbitos da cabeça, movimentos de todo o corpo e imobilidade também foram observadas em ambos grupos, SE e NSE. Concluímos que as fêmeas NE podem ter se tornado epilépticas. Adicionado a isto, a análise das alterações motoras na velocidade lenta foi essencial para a observação dos achados das fêmeas NSE, o que sugere que possivelmente muitas alterações motoras têm sido subestimados na pesquisa em epilepsia experimental.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Pilocarpina/toxicidade , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Estado Epiléptico/induzido quimicamente , Ratos Wistar , Agonistas Muscarínicos/toxicidade , Modelos Teóricos
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251198, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339350

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract on different tissues in terms of DNA damage, biochemical and antioxidant parameter values in rats with high-calorie diets. With this aim, Wistar albino male rats were divided into 4 groups containing 6 rats each and the study was completed over 12 weeks duration. At the end of the implementation process over the 12 weeks, rats were sacrificed and blood and tissue samples were obtained. Analyses were performed on blood and tissue samples. According to results for DNA damage (8-OHdG), in brain tissue the OG2 group was significantly reduced compared to the NC group. For MDA results in liver tissue, OG1 and OG2 groups were determined to increase by a significant degree compared to the control group, while the OG2 group was also increased significantly compared to the obese group. In terms of the other parameters, comparison between the groups linked to consumption of a high calorie diet (HCD) and administration of Gundelia tournefortii L. in terms of antioxidant activities and serum samples obtained statistically significant results. Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extracts had effects that may be counted as positive on antioxidant parameter activity and were especially identified to improve DNA damage and MDA levels in brain tissues. Additionally, consumption of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract in the diet may have antiobesity effects; thus, it should be evaluated for use as an effective weight-loss method and as a new therapeutic agent targeting obesity.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para investigar os efeitos do extrato da planta Gundelia tournefortii L. em diferentes tecidos em termos de danos ao DNA, valores de parâmetros bioquímicos e antioxidantes em ratos com dietas hipercalóricas. Com esse objetivo, ratos Wistar albinos machos foram divididos em 4 grupos contendo 6 ratos cada e o estudo foi concluído ao longo de 12 semanas de duração. No final desse processo de implementação, os ratos foram sacrificados e amostras de sangue e tecido foram obtidas. As análises foram realizadas em amostras de sangue e tecido. De acordo com os resultados para danos ao DNA (8-OHdG), no tecido cerebral o grupo OG2 foi significativamente reduzido em comparação com o grupo NC. Para os resultados de MDA no tecido hepático, os grupos OG1 e OG2 aumentaram significativamente em comparação ao grupo controle, enquanto o grupo OG2 também aumentou significativamente em comparação ao grupo obeso. Quanto aos demais parâmetros, a comparação entre os grupos ligados ao consumo de dieta hipercalórica (DC) e à administração de Gundelia tournefortii L. em termos de atividades antioxidantes e amostras de soro obteve resultados estatisticamente significativos. Os extratos de plantas de Gundelia tournefortii L. tiveram efeitos que podem ser considerados positivos na atividade dos parâmetros antioxidantes e foram especialmente identificados para melhorar os danos ao DNA e os níveis de MDA nos tecidos cerebrais. Além disso, o consumo de extrato vegetal de Gundelia tournefortii L. na dieta pode ter efeitos antiobesidade; portanto, deve ser avaliado para uso como um método eficaz de perda de peso e como um novo agente terapêutico voltado para a obesidade.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Asteraceae , Antioxidantes , Dano ao DNA , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico
5.
J Neurotrauma ; 39(1-2): 181-195, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626966

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a critical public health problem around the world. To date, there are no accurate therapeutic approaches for the management of cardiovascular impairments induce by TBI. In this regard, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel gasotransmitter, has been proposed as a neuro- and cardioprotective molecule. This study was designed to determine the effect of subchronic management with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) on hemodynamic, vasopressor sympathetic outflow and sensorimotor alterations produced by TBI. Animals underwent a lateral fluid percussion injury, and changes in hemodynamic variables were measured by pletismographic methods. In addition, vasopressor sympathetic outflow was assessed by a pithed rat model. Last, sensorimotor impairments were evaluated by neuroscore test and beam-walking test. At seven, 14, 21, and 28 days after moderate-severe TBI, the animals showed: (1) a decrease on sensorimotor function in the neuroscore test and beam-walking test; (2) an increase in heart rate, systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure; (3) progressive sympathetic hyperactivity; and (4) a decrease in vasopressor responses induced by noradrenaline (α1/2-adrenoceptors agonist) and UK 14,304 (selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist). Interestingly, intraperitoneal daily injections of NaHS, an H2S donor (3.1 and 5.6 mg/kg), during seven days after TBI prevented the development of the impairments in hemodynamic variables, which were similar to those obtained in sham animals. Moreover, NaHS treatment prevented the sympathetic hyperactivity and decreased noradrenaline-induced vasopressor responses. No effects on sensorimotor dysfunction were observed, however. Taken together, our results suggest that H2S ameliorates the hemodynamic and sympathetic system impairments observed after TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Hipertensão , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Vasoconstritores/farmacologia
6.
J Chem Neuroanat ; 119: 102043, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808256

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to highlight the possible effects on the hippocampus of the electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by mobile phones, and to investigate whether these potential effects can be reduced using various antioxidant substances. Twenty-seven female Wistar albino rats were divided into nine equal groups, each containing three pregnant rats aged 8-10 weeks and weighing 200-250 gr. The EMF groups were exposed to 900 Megahertz (MHz) EMF for 1 h (hr) a day for 21 days. No EMF exposure was applied to the Cont and also the groups given only Garcinia kola (GK), Momordica charantia (MC), and thymoquinone (TQ). The Sham group was kept in the polycarbonate EMF exposure system, but was not exposed to EMF. Four weeks after birth, rat pups were subjected to behavioural tests. Brain tissue samples were evaluated using histological, stereological, functional, and immunohistochemical methods. The numbers of pyramidal neurons in the rat cornu ammonis (CA) were determined using the optical fractionator method. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in the blood samples were also evaluated. The analysis data indicated that total pyramidal neuron numbers were decreased significantly in the CA of the EMF (1 hr) group (p < 0.01). Our results also showed that the protective effect of MC was more potent than that of the other antioxidant substances (p < 0.01). A 900 MHz EMF can cause deleterious changes in the brain. It can also be suggested that GK, MC and TQ are capable of reducing these adverse effects.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Animais , Campos Eletromagnéticos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hipocampo/patologia , Gravidez , Células Piramidais , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
7.
J Bras Nefrol ; 44(1): 9-18, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289007

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aminoglycoside-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a pathology closely linked to oxidative and inflammatory reactions. Taking into account the previous reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of D-005, a lipid extract obtained from Cuban palm Acrocomia crispa (Arecaceae) fruits, this work aimed to evaluate the effects of D-005 on kanamycin-induced AKI. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into 7 groups: negative control (vehicle, Tween 65/H2O) and six groups treated with kanamycin to induce AKI: positive control (vehicle), D-005 (25, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) and grape seed extract (GSE, 200 mg/kg). D-005, vehicle, and GSE oral treatments were administered once daily for seven days, 1 h before kanamycin (500 mg/kg, i.p.). Serum uric acid and urea concentrations, renal histopathology, and oxidative markers (malondialdehyde (MDA), sulfhydryl (SH) groups, and catalase (CAT) activity) were assessed. RESULTS: D-005 significantly reduced uric acid and urea levels, starting from D-005 100 mg/kg. Histopathologically, D-005, at all the tested doses, protected renal parenchyma structures (glomeruli, proximal tubules, and interstitium). These findings were accompanied by a significant reduction of MDA and SH group concentrations as well as restoration of CAT activity. The highest percentages of inhibition were obtained with the dose of 400 mg/kg. GSE, the reference substance, also prevented kanamycin-induced biochemical and histopathological changes, as well as reduced MDA and SH groups and restored CAT activity. CONCLUSION: The administration of repeated oral doses of D-005 significantly protected against kanamycin-induced AKI, which could be associated with the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of this extract.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Arecaceae , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Frutas , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Úrico
8.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 138, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutaraldehyde (GA)-fixed autologous tissues, including the pericardium, are widely used as patches and valve substitutes in cardiovascular surgery. However, GA treatment causes tissue calcification. No rapid anticalcification method has been established for use during surgery. Here, we aimed to establish a rapid anticalcification method using ethanol, as has already been demonstrated for bioprosthetic valves. METHODS: Thoracic aorta tissues were first fixed with GA for 3 min and then treated with ethanol for 0 (group 2), 10 (group 3), 20 (group 4), and 30 (group 5) min; untreated tissues (group 1) served as the control. The treated tissues were subdermally implanted into 3-week-old male Wistar rats and kept in place for 28 days. The calcification in each explant was semiquantitatively evaluated by annotating and measuring the area using virtual slides, and the data obtained were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Semiquantitative analysis revealed that calcification of the implants from the untreated group (group 1; P = 0.0014) and groups 4 (P = 0.0014) and 5 (P = 0.0031) was significantly lower than that of implants from group 2. Moreover, implants from group 3 showed a tendency toward decreased calcification, although it was not significant (P = 0.0503). CONCLUSIONS: A rapid ethanol treatment prevents calcification of GA-fixed tissues in a rat model of subdermal implantation. This method may facilitate effective and rapid anticalcification of autologous tissues for use during cardiovascular surgery.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Calcinose , Animais , Calcinose/prevenção & controle , Etanol/farmacologia , Etanol/uso terapêutico , Glutaral/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
9.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 35(2): 457-464, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642400

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injuries are commonly encountered within clinical settings because of accidental trauma. This study aimed to examine the therapeutic effect of bee honey on peripheral nerve crush injury through a histological and physiological perspective. In this study, forty Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Rats were subjected to surgical operations to expose the sciatic nerve. Animals of the first group were operated without inducing any lesion to the nerve. The other three groups were subjected to induction of nerve crush injury. Two groups of them were treated with honey solution locally and intraperitoneally respectively. The other group served as injured nontreated group. Two physiological tests were performed to examine the living animals' nerve functions. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were sacrificed, and samples from the sciatic nerve and gastrocnemius muscle were obtained for histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examination. Physiological indicators and structural investigations demonstrated considerable amelioration of the function and structure of nerves and muscles in the two treated groups compared with the injured nontreated group. The findings indicate that the bee honey has a curative effect on the peripheral nerve crush injury in the rat model.


Assuntos
Lesões por Esmagamento , Mel , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Animais , Abelhas , Lesões por Esmagamento/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões por Esmagamento/patologia , Modelos Teóricos , Regeneração Nervosa , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Nervo Isquiático
10.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 35(2): 501-506, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642406

RESUMO

In this study, fertility enhancing effect of ethanol extract of aerial parts of Fagonia arabica was evaluated. 24 female and 12 male virgin Wistar rats (Average wt 150-250g) were selected. Dose was given daily for 23 days in 4 groups of animal. After 23 days, they were cohabitated for mating. Then dosing was continued for further 5 days. On 5th day of mating, sperm counting was done by observing vaginal smear under the microscope which showed fertility enhancement in male. Female were kept separately until delivery. The number of pubs born provided female fertility enhancement as compared to control. Average sperm count in 1 cm2 were counted in group A, B, C and control as 14.000±1.732, 12.000±1.000, 23.333±1.528 and 11.000±1.000 respectively. Number of pubs were counted in Group A, B, C and D as 8.667±2.082, 7.333±1.528, 7.333±1.528 10.000±2.000 and 5.333±0.577 respectively and fertility index was calculated for Group A, B and C as 62.516%, 37.502% and 87.512% respectively. Result showed that the orally administered dose of Fagonia arabica possess highly significant fertility enhancing activity in male and female rats after observing improvement in the sperm count and number of pubs as compared to control.


Assuntos
Fármacos para a Fertilidade , Zygophyllaceae , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade , Fármacos para a Fertilidade/farmacologia , Masculino , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 23(1): 40, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study evaluates the free gallic acid (GA) and GA-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) antidepressant efficacy in a rat model of depression caused by reserpine. METHODS: By using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential, MSNs and GA-loaded MSNs were characterized. The efficiency of encapsulation and the release of GA-loaded MSNs were also investigated. The effect of GA, either in its free form or loaded on (MSNs) on oxidative stress biomarkers and monoamine neurotransmitters levels (serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NEP), and dopamine (DA)), were evaluated in these areas (cortex, hippocampus, striatum, and hypothalamus) of control, a depression model of rat, a depression model of rat treated with either free GA, MSNs or GA loaded MSNs. The forced swimming test (FST) also the open field test (OFT) were carried out to evaluate the behavioral changes in all groups. RESULTS: Reserpine caused a decrease in the time spent in motor and swimming activity besides increasing the time of immobility, as demonstrated by OFT and FST. Significantly reductions in 5-HT, NEP, and DA were obtained in the cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, and striatum of reserpine-treated rats. Free GA was more effective in increasing the serotonin level in the cortex, hippocampus, and hypothalamus, while GA-loaded MSNs were more effective in increasing it in the striatum. GA-loaded MSNs also increased the level of NEP in the four studied brain areas. Free GA increased dopamine levels in the cortex and striatum, whereas GA-loaded MSNs increased DA levels in the hippocampus and hypothalamus compared with the depressed untreated group. CONCLUSIONS: MSNs can be used as a drug delivery system to target GA selectively to specific brain areas.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Reserpina , Animais , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Dopamina , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Norepinefrina , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Serotonina , Dióxido de Silício
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9549, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680981

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a common bone disease of old age resulting from the imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. CircRNAs are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) involved in gene regulation and may play important roles in the development of OP. Here, we aimed to discover the OP­related circRNA-miRNA-mRNA (ceRNA) network and the potential mechanisms. Six microarray datasets were obtained from the GEO database and the OP­related differentially expressed genes (DEGs), circRNAs (DECs), and miRNAs (DEMs) were screened out from these datasets. Then, combined with the prediction of the relationships between DEGs, DEMs, and DECs, a ceRNA network containing 7 target circRNAs, 5 target miRNAs, and 38 target genes was constructed. Then the RNA-seq verification by using total RNAs isolated from the femurs of normal and ovariectomized Wistar rats indicated that MFAP5, CAMK2A, and RGS4 in the ceRNA network were closely associated with osteoporosis. Function enrichment analysis indicated that the target circRNAs, miRNAs, and genes were involved in the process of MAPK cascade, hormone stimulus, cadherin binding, rRNA methyltransferase, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and Vitamin digestion and absorption, etc. Then a circRNA-miRNA-hub gene subnetwork was constructed and the qRT-PCR analysis of human bone tissues from the femoral head was used to confirm that the transcription of hsa_circR_0028877, hsa_circR_0082916, DIRAS2, CAMK2A, and MAPK4 showed a significant correlation with osteogenic genes. Besides, the two axes of hsa_circR_0028877/hsa-miR-1273f/CAMK2A and hsa_circR_0028877/hsa-miR-1273f/DIRAS2 conformed to be closely associated with OP. Additionally, by constructing a drug-target gene network, RKI-1447, FRAX486, Hyaluronic, and Fostamatinib were identified as therapeutic options for OP. Our study revealed the potential links between circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs in OP, suggesting that the ceRNA mechanism might contribute to the occurrence of OP.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoporose , Animais , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoporose/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700375

RESUMO

The combination of traditional basic pharmacotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and physiotherapeutic methods can reduce the activity of the disease and accelerate the onset of remission, and therefore the development of new non-drug methods for the treatment of RA is relevant. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Study of the effect of natural mineral water « Tib-1¼ on the lipid peroxidation system in an experiment with a model adjuvant-induced RA in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The object of the study were Wistar rats, divided into three groups: negative control (solvents), positive control (model of adjuvant-induced RA by subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant) and experimental (correction of RA with mineral water « Tib-1¼, diluted in a ratio of 1:3 during the first 2 weeks from the moment the model was formed in the ad libitum mode). On the 3rd and 7th weeks in the blood of the animals were determined: the total number of leukocytes, the content of hydroperoxides according to Gavrilov, the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase activity. Pathological changes in the hip and knee joints were recorded using radiography. RESULTS: The inflammatory process in the positive control group by the 3rd week was characterized by an increase in the number of leukocytes by 66% (p<0.01) and was accompanied by an increase in MDA by 60% (p<0.001). By the 7th week, despite a relative increase in catalase activity (16%), the MDA level continued to be elevated compared to the negative control by 67% (p<0.001). Against the background of exposure to mineral water, inflammation decreased (the number of leukocytes in the "model/experiment" groups turned out to be reduced by 41%; p<0.01) and an increase in compensatory-adaptive reactions in the form of catalase activation was noted (by 8%; p<0.01), which was accompanied by a persistent (weeks 3 and 7) decrease in MDA output (by 20%; p<0.01). Using the method of radiation diagnostics, positive changes in the articular apparatus of experimental animals were revealed, consisting in the relief of signs of subchondral sclerosis of the bone heads, which were noted for animals of the model group. CONCLUSION: The use of natural mineral water «Tib-1¼ helps to reduce the acute inflammatory response during the formation of adjuvant-induced RA in Wistar rats, initiates the normalization of the balance of pro- and antioxidant processes in the body, and minimizes the intensity of degenerative-inflammatory joint lesions.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Águas Minerais , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Bicarbonatos/efeitos adversos , Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Catalase/uso terapêutico , Inflamação , Águas Minerais/uso terapêutico , Minerais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sódio/efeitos adversos
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9864, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701526

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the chemical composition and the hepatoprotective activities of Plumbago indica L. and P. auriculata Lam. LC-MS/MS analyses for the hydroalcoholic extracts of the aerial parts of the two Plumbago species allowed the tentative identification of thirty and twenty-five compounds from P. indica and P. auriculata, respectively. The biochemical and histopathological alterations associated with thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis in rats were evaluated in vivo where rats received the two extracts at three different dose levels (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg p.o, daily) for 15 consecutive days with induction of hepatotoxicity by TAA (200 mg/kg/day, i.p.) at 14th and 15th days. Results of the present study showed a significant restoration in liver function biomarkers viz. alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase and total bilirubin. The liver homogenates exhibited increased levels of antioxidant biomarkers: reduced glutathione (GSH) and catalase (CAT), accompanied with decline in malondialdehyde (MDA). Furthermore, treated groups exhibited a significant suppression in liver inflammatory cytokines: tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interlukin-6 (IL-6), and fibrotic biomarker: alpha smooth muscle relaxant. Histopathological examination of the liver showed normality of hepatocytes. Noteworthy, P. indica extract showed better hepatoprotective activity than P. auriculata, particularly at 200 mg/kg. To sum up, all these results indicated the hepatoprotective properties of both extracts, as well as their antifibrotic effect was evidenced by reduction in hepatic collagen deposition. However, additional experiments are required to isolate their individual secondary metabolites, assess the toxicity of the extracts and explore the involved mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Plumbaginaceae , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plumbaginaceae/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tioacetamida/toxicidade
16.
Behav Brain Res ; 430: 113937, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644273

RESUMO

Conspicuous experimental evidence indicates that anesthetic doses of the non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine disrupt memory abilities in rodents. BNN27 is a synthetic analogue of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) with potent antioxidant properties and its involvement in cognition has recently been shown. It is not yet clarified whether BNN27 can attenuate the cognition deficits induced by anesthetic ketamine. The present study was designed to elucidate this issue in the rat. For this purpose, the object recognition and the object location tests which are behavioral procedures evaluating non-spatial and spatial recognition memory respectively in rodents were used. The effects of compounds on motility were also tested utilizing a motor activity cage. Post-training administration of BNN27 (3 and 6 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) counteracted anesthetic ketamine (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally)-induced non-spatial and spatial recognition memory deficits. Further, these effects cannot be attributed to changes to locomotor activity. Our findings clearly show the protective role of BNN27, on recognition memory impairment induced by anesthetic ketamine, indicating a functional interaction following co-administration of synthetic microneurotrophins and ketamine.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Ketamina , Animais , Desidroepiandrosterona/farmacologia , Ketamina/efeitos adversos , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10095, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710575

RESUMO

Women with cardiovascular disease may be more susceptible to concomitant mental health problems, such as depression and cognitive decline. Exercise training has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system as well as on mental functions. Aim of the present study was to study the effects of exercise training on heart, brain and behavior in the isoproterenol (ISO) model in middle-aged female rats. Twelve months old female Wistar rats were submitted to ISO injections (70 mg/kg s.c., on two consecutive days) or received saline. One week later, rats were assigned to either exercise training (treadmill running) or control handling for five weeks. During the last 7 days, tests were performed regarding depressive-like behavior and cognitive function. Then, rats were sacrificed and heart and brains were dissected for (immuno)histochemistry. ISO-induced cardiac effects were eminent from cardiac fibrosis and declined cardiac function. Exercise training reversed cardiac damage and partly restored ISO-induced cardiac dysfunction. However, ISO treatment could not be associated with neuroinflammation, nor impaired hippocampal neurogenesis or neuronal function. Accordingly, no cognitive impairment or depressive-like behavior were observed. Actually, hippocampal microglia hyper-ramification was observed after ISO. Exercise left neuroinflammation and behavior merely unaltered, and even reduced neuronal function. Our data indicated that the cardiac damage after ISO in middle-aged female rats, and the subsequent beneficial effects of five weeks exercise training on the heart, were not reflected in changes in the brain nor in altered behavior.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Miocárdio , Animais , Encéfalo , Feminino , Humanos , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(6): 641-6, 2022 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Buyi Pishen acupuncture (acupuncture for invigorating spleen and kidney) on inflammatory factor and synovial cartilage matrix in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 60 clean male Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablet (TWP) group and an acupuncture group, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group received intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) at right hind foot pad to induce the AA model. TWP suspension of 8 mg/kg was given by gavage in the TWP group. Acupuncture was applied at "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Pishu" (BL 20) and right "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the acupuncture group, 15 min a time, once a day. The intervention was given 15 days in both TWP group and acupuncture group. The foot-pad swelling degree before modeling, before and after intervention and the arthritis index (AI) score before and after intervention were calculated; the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-4, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method; the ultrastructure and histomorphological changes of synovium issue were observed by transmission electron microscope and HE staining; the positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue was detected by immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS: Before intervention, foot-pad swelling degree of the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group was increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, foot-pad swelling degree and AI score were increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01), foot-pad swelling degree and AI scores in the TWP group and the acupuncture group were lower than the model group (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were decreased compared with the TWP group (P<0.05). The model group exhibited unclear nuclear membrane of synovial cells, chromatin pyknosis, massive inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue; the TWP group and the acupuncture group exhibited clear and smooth nuclear membrane of synovial cells, inapparent chromatin pyknosis, less inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue, the acupuncture group exhibited less matrix destruction as well. Compared with the normal group, serum levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were increased (P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, serum levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the TWP group and the acupuncture group; compared with the TWP group, serum level of TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group. CONCLUSION: Buyi Pishen acupuncture can effectively improve the injury of articular cartilage in AA rats, its mechanism maybe related to reducing the inflammatory reaction in synovium and inhibiting the degradation of articular cartilage matrix.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Artrite Experimental , Cartilagem Articular , Animais , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Experimental/terapia , Cromatina , Hiperplasia , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-4 , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 5769784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693697

RESUMO

Preterm birth disrupts cerebellar development, which may be mediated by systemic oxidative stress that damages neuronal developmental stages. Impaired cerebellar neurogenesis affects several downstream targets important for cognition, emotion, and speech. In this study, we demonstrate that oxidative stress induced with high oxygen (80%) for three or five postnatal days (P3/P5) could significantly damage neurogenesis and proliferative capacity of granular cell precursor and Purkinje cells in rat pups. Reversal of cellular neuronal damage after recovery to room air (P15) was augmented by treatment with caffeine. However, downstream transcripts important for migration and differentiation of postmitotic granular cells were irreversibly reduced by hyperoxia, without rescue by caffeine. Protective effects of caffeine in the cerebellum were limited to neuronal survival but failed to restore important transcript signatures.


Assuntos
Hiperóxia , Nascimento Prematuro , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Cafeína/farmacologia , Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Cerebelo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Neurogênese , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
20.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0264797, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687598

RESUMO

Extinction learning is central to exposure-based behavioral therapies for reducing fear and anxiety in humans. However, patients with fear and anxiety disorders are often resistant to extinction. Moreover, trauma and stress-related disorders are highly prone to relapse and are twice as likely to occur in females compared to males, suggesting that females may be more susceptible to extinction deficits and fear relapse phenomena. In this report, we tested this hypothesis by examining sex differences in a stress-induced extinction learning impairment, the immediate extinction deficit (IED), and renewal, a common form of fear relapse. In contrast to our hypothesis, there were no sex differences in the magnitude of the immediate extinction deficit in two different rat strains (Long-Evans and Wistar). However, we did observe a sex difference in the renewal of fear when the extinguished conditioned stimulus was presented outside the extinction context. Male Wistar rats exhibited significantly greater renewal than female rats, a sex difference that has previously been reported after appetitive extinction. Collectively, these data reveal that stress-induced extinction impairments are similar in male and female rats, though the context-dependence of extinction is more pronounced in males.


Assuntos
Extinção Psicológica , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Long-Evans , Ratos Wistar , Recidiva
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...