Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.532.728
Filtrar
1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1024-1034, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is a significant increase of high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) in plasma levels of patients with pulmonary hypertension, but the biological significance is still unclear. Anti-proliferative protein 1 (prohibitin 1, PHB1) is an important protein that maintains the homeostasis of vascular cells. This study aimed to investigate the effect of HMGB1 on pulmonary artery endothelial cells and the role of PHB1. METHODS: In vivo experiment: A rat model of pulmonary hypertension induced by monocrotaline (MCT) was constructed. The right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and the weight ratio of right ventricle to left ventricle plus ventricular septum were used to evaluate the success of model. ELISA was used to detect the level of HMGB1 in rat's plasma. Western blotting was used to detect the level of PHB1 in rat's lung tissues. CD31 immunofluorescence was used to detect the integrity of pulmonary vascular endothelium. In vitro experiments: Pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) was incubated with HMGB1 to observe the effect of HMGB1 on PAEC injury. Overexpression and knockdown of PHB1 were conducted, and the role of PHB1 was investigated by detecting the levels of reative oxygen species and cytochrome c (cyto-c), and the activation of caspase-3. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the level of HMGB1 in the plasma of rats with pulmonary hypertension was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression of PHB1 in the lung tissue was decreased accompanied with endothelial dysfunction (P<0.05); HMGB1 incubation damaged the pulmonary artery endothelium and down-regulated PHB1 expression (P<0.05), while overexpression of PHB1 reduced the PAEC damage and oxidative stress induced by HMGB1 (P<0.05). Meanwhile, PHB1 reduced HMGB1-induced cyto-c expression and caspase-3 cleavage by inhibiting oxidative stress (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The down-regulation of PHB1 expression mediates HMGB1-induced PAEC injury, which is related to the induction of oxidative stress, the increase of cyto-c release, and the promotion of caspase-3 cleavage.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Proteínas Repressoras , Animais , Células Endoteliais , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 640-644, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025933

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this research was to survey the effect of low-level laser irradiation time on socket healing in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized nonblinded animal study was done on 24 male rats that were divided into four groups. First maxillary molars of rats were extracted through general anesthesia, and laser was used in all four groups: first group with zero radiation time, second group with 3 minutes, third group with 5 minutes, and fourth group with 10 minutes of radiation by the diode laser (power: 100 mW, wavelength: 980 nm). Half of the rats (three rats) were sacrificed on the 3rd day and another half of rats were sacrificed on the 7th day. Then, the presence of angiogenesis, bone trabeculae, fibroblasts, neutrophil cells, macrophage cells, and lymphocyte cells was assessed. Data were analyzed by SPSS (version 21) using parametric tests. RESULTS: Among 24 rats, on the 3rd day, the percentage of macrophage and bone trabecula increased significantly in the 5 minute group (p = 0.041 and p < 0.01, respectively). Other changes in days 3 and 7 were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-level laser radiation can accelerate the process of tooth socket healing, which was particularly noticeable in the 5 minute radiation over 3 days. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Using a low-level laser can be helpful in accelerating the healing of the tooth socket and reduce the complications after tooth extraction.


Assuntos
Lasers Semicondutores , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Animais , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Ratos , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental , Cicatrização
3.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 120(8. Vyp. 2): 45-48, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study neurological status and structural changes in the tracheal lymphoid tissue in rats with different resistance to emotional stress in experimental hemorrhagic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of neurological deficit on the Menzies scale and a histological study of structural features of tracheal lymphoid tissue were performed on days 1, 3 and 7 of experimental hemorrhagic stroke in 98 Wistar male rats with different resistance to emotional stress. Stroke simulation was preceded by animal testing to determine individual stress resistance. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Neurological disorders are more pronounced in non-stress-resistant animals during all periods of observation. Lymphoid nodules of the tracheal wall of rats react with destruction of lymphoid cells and depletion of small lymphocytes observed in stress-resistant rats already on the 1st day of a stroke. On the 3rd day, the neurological deficit and changes in the cellular composition of the lymphoid formations of the trachea are most pronounced in both groups of rats. By the 7th day, a positive trend towards the restoration of the structure of tracheal lymphoid tissue and normal neurological status is detected only in rats resistant to emotional stress.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Traqueia , Animais , Tecido Linfoide , Masculino , Angústia Psicológica , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Estresse Psicológico/complicações
4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 250-256, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043340

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the mechanical properties of 3D-printed titanium meshes and pre-shaped titanium meshes, and to evaluate the effects of 3D-printed titanium meshes on cell proliferation and differentiation. METHODS: 3D- printed titanium meshes were produced and prepared with laser printing machine. The mechanical properties were analyzed by static tension and compression load test. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were extracted from 4-week-old male SD rats. BMSCs were co-cultured with 3D-printed titanium meshes of different apertures. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay was used to test ALP activity. The expression of related osteogenic genes was tested by real-time PCR. The adhesion and growth of BMSCs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and living / dead cell staining. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the results. RESULTS: The results of 3D-printing Ti-meshes tension and compression loading experiment were excellent. The 3D-printing Ti-meshes showed no inhibitory effects on cell proliferation, survival and adhesion, but had a positive effect on osteogenesis of BMSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanical properties of 3D-printed Ti-meshes are excellent. The 3D-printed Ti-meshes have good biocompatibility.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Titânio , Animais , Masculino , Impressão Tridimensional , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Telas Cirúrgicas
5.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1207-1212, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999199

RESUMO

T-type calcium channels are low-threshold voltage-gated calcium channel and characterized by unique electrophysiological properties such as fast inactivation and slow deactivation kinetics. All subtypes of T-type calcium channel (Cav3.1, 3.2 and 3.3) are widely expressed in the central nerve system, and they have an important role in homeostasis of sleep, pain response, and development of epilepsy. Recently, several reports suggest that T-type calcium channels may mediate neuronal plasticity in the mouse brain. We succeeded to develop T-type calcium channel enhancer ethyl 8'-methyl-2',4-dioxo-2-(piperidin-1-yl)-2'H-spiro[cyclopentane-1,3'-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine]-2-ene-3-carboxylate (SAK3) which enhances Cav3.1 and 3.3 currents in each-channel expressed neuro2A cells. SAK3 can promote acetylcholine (ACh) release in the mouse hippocampus via enhancing T-type calcium channel. In this review, we have introduced the role of T-type calcium channel, especially Cav3.1 channel in the mouse hippocampus based on our previous data using SAK3 and Cav3.1 knockout mice.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/efeitos dos fármacos , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/fisiologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/genética , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Epilepsia/etiologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Homeostase , Camundongos , Plasticidade Neuronal , Dor/etiologia , Ratos , Sono/fisiologia
6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 821-827, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sub-acute oral effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles on the oxidation/antioxidation biomarkers and inflammatory cytokines in blood, liver, intestine, and colon in rats. METHODS: Twenty four 4-week-old clean-grade Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly devided into 4 groups by body weight (n=6, control, low, middle, and high), in which the rats were orally exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles at doses of 0, 2, 10 and 50 mg/kg body weight/day for 28 consecutive days separately. Food intake, body weight and abnormal behaviors during the experiment were recorded. The rats were euthanized on the 29th day. The blood was collected via abdominal aortic method and centrifuged to collect the serum. Tissues from liver, intestine and colon were collected and homogenated. Then enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and microwell plate methods were used to detect oxidation/antioxidation biomarkers including superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), total mercapto (T-SH), glutathione disulfide (GSSG), malomdialdehvde (MDA) and inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the serum, liver, intestine and colon in the rats. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, no significant differences in body weight, food intake and organ coefficients were observed in all the three groups after TiO2 gavage. No significant changes in GSH, GSH-Px, T-SH, and IL-6 were observed. Compared with the control group, significant increase of SOD activity in serum in high dose group, signi-ficant increase of GSSG concentration in intestine in middle and high dose group and significant increase of MDA concentration in liver in low and high dose group were observed. Compared with the control group, a significant increase of TNF-α in liver in middle and high dose group was observed. CONCLUSION: TiO2 nanoparticle can increase antioxidant enzymes activities in blood, increase oxidative biomarkers in liver and intestine, increase inflammatory cytokines in liver in rats after a 28-day sub-acute orally administration. Among blood, liver, intestine, and colon, liver is most sensitive to the toxicity induced by TiO2 nanoparticles, followed by intestine, blood, and colon in sequence.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Nanopartículas , Animais , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Titânio
7.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1655-1658, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To follow-up nitric oxide content values in rat serum at the development of Staphylococcus aureus infected radiation skin injuries and their photodynamic therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Eighty WAG male rats were studied in an experiment. Four groups were identified for evaluation. Group 1 included unaffected intact rats (n=20). Group 2 involved rats (n=20) with a modeled radiation-induced ulcer of the skin. The rats (n=20) with a modeled radiation-induced skin ulcer followed by infecting with Staphylococcus aureus were referred to group 3. Group 4 included rats (n=20) with Staphylococcus aureus infected radiation skin ulcer exposed to photodynamic therapy. Rats of groups 1-4 were sampled for biochemical blood examination on days 7, 14, 21, 30 and 45. Total nitric oxide metabolites (nitrites and nitrates) were measured according to V.A. Metelskaya et al. method. RESULTS: Results: Infectious agent (Staphylococcus aureus) present in skin ulcer impairs nitric oxide metabolism in rat blood serum that manifested in decreased total nitric oxide metabolites content on day 7, followed by its increase within days 14 to 45. While photodynamic therapy exposed on the Staphylococcus aureus infected radiation skin ulcer, total nitric oxide metabolites in blood serum had increased by day 7, but days 14 to 45 level was compliant with physiological norm. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Infecting radiation skin ulcers with Staphylococcus aureus causes impaired nitric oxide metabolism, while photodynamic therapy helps to normalize the metabolism of the above-mentioned chemical compound that can improve healing of radiation skin ulcers.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico , Ratos , Pele , Staphylococcus aureus , Cicatrização
8.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1690-1695, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to observe the influence of dense bean extract on the intensity of apoptotic processes in the liver cells and pancreas of rats on a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus on obesity's background. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The main method was to model type 2 diabetes mellitus on the background of obesity in organism of mature six-month-old male rats of the Wistar population (n = 21), weighing 150-170 g. The modelling was carried out by intraperitoneal low dose administration of streptozotocin (30 mg / kg, in citrate buffer pH = 4, 5) inside after three months period of keeping animals on a combined diet. Apoptosis in DNA samples of liver and pancreas cells was identified in duplicates using electrophoresis in a 1% agarose gel with using a 1kb DNA SibEnzyme apoptosis marker (from 10,000 to 250 nucleotides). RESULTS: Results: Only in two of the seven studied DNA samples of the pancreas of a group of rats, treated with a dense bean extract, were observed the traces of necrosis without detectable manifestations of the apoptotic process. It situates at the level of indicators of the animals' intact control group and indicates the distinct effect's presence which includes maintaining pancreas cells survival (in both endocrine and exocrine parts) if imbalance of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism take place in organism. CONCLUSION: Conclusion: Dense bean extract showed a more distinct effect than the comparison drug metformin in relation to the risk of premature loss of pancreatic cell function and the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. A dense bean extract is promising for further pharmacological studies, with the aim of creating phytopreparations - «Glyphasonorm¼ tablets and «Glyfasolin¼ capsules for the correction of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Animais , Apoptose , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
9.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1712-1716, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Study of the patterns of structural changes in the left ventricular myocardial capillaries of rats with arterial hypertension with combined pharmacotherapy with Bisoprolol and Thiotriazolinum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Experiments were conducted on 30 line rats with congenital stress-induced arterial hypertension: 10 animals without treatment and 10 animals with treatment. Pharmacological correction of spontaneous arterial hypertension was performed with 20 mg / kg of Bisoprolol and 50 mg / kg of Thiotriazolinum per os once a day. Pharmacotherapy began at 5 months of age, that is, at a time when compensated heart failure was formed in rats with arterial hypertension. Animals were withdrawn from the experiment 100 days after the start of the correction. Control was provided by intact animals (10 rats) of the corresponding age. While extracted from the experiment rats of all experimental groups had their arterial pressure measured using a plethysmograph, electron microscopic examination of the left ventricular myocardium and morphometric study of volumetric and quantitative densities, cross-section area and form factor of micropinocytotic vesicles were conducted. RESULTS: Results: In rats with arterial hypertension after application of Bisoprolol and Thiotriazolinum, arterial pressure significantly decreases in experimental rats compared to animals without correction. The number of capillaries in the myocardium after pharmacotherapy increases up to control values, which shows their reparation. In most endothelial cells, organelles retain their integrity and presence that are characteristic of intact rats. The well-expressed processes of transcytosis are shown by the statistical similarity of the quantitative density and the size of the micropinocytotic vesicles in the endothelial cells of the myocardium capillaries of compared experimental animals. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: In rats with arterial hypertension, the combination of Bisoprolol and Thiotriazolinum prevents the decrease in the number of capillaries in the myocardium of the left ventricle, promotes the preservation of the ultrastructure of their endothelial cells and maintains the processes of transedothelial transfer of substances at the level of intact animals.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Hipertensão , Animais , Bisoprolol/uso terapêutico , Coração , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio , Ratos
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1298-1304, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063497

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect and potential mechanism of glycyrrhizin (GL) by inhibiting high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on glial scar formation after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Methods: Seventy-two female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group ( n=12), SCI model group (SCI group, n=36), GL intervention group (SCI+GL group, n=12), and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) inhibitor [pynolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC)] intervention group (SCI+PDTC group, n=12). The SCI models of SCI group, SCI+GL group, and SCI+PDTC group were made by modified Allen's method, the sham group was only exposed the spinal cord without any injury. First of all, Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score of hind limbs and slope test were performed in SCI group at 1, 2, and 3 weeks after operation; Western blot was used to detect the expressions of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and HMGB1 proteins. Compared with the sham group, the most significant time point in the SCI group was selected for subsequent experiment, in which the most significant glial scar was formed. Then, behavioral tests (BBB score of hind limbs and slope test), histological observation of spinal cord tissue structure, Western blot detection of HMGB1, GFAP, and NF-κB proteins, and immunohistochemical staining observation of GFAP and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) were used to explore the effect of GL on the formation of glial scar after SCI and its potential mechanism. Results: The BBB score and slope angle of the SCI group increased gradually with time, which were significantly lower than those of the sham group at each time point ( P<0.05). Western blot detection showed that the relative expressions of HMGB1 and GFAP proteins in the SCI group at 1, 2, and 3 weeks after operation were significantly higher than those in sham group ( P<0.05). The change was most obvious at 3 weeks after SCI, therefore the spinal cord tissue was selected for subsequent experiments at this time point. At 3 weeks after operation, compared with the SCI group, BBB score and slope angle of SCI+GL group significantly increased ( P<0.05); the relative expressions of HMGB1, GFAP, and NF-κB proteins detected by Western blot and the expressions of GFAP and CSPG proteins detected by immunohistochemical staining significantly decreased ( P<0.05); the disorder of spinal cord tissue by HE staining improved, inflammatory cell infiltration reduced, and glial scar formation decreased. At 3 weeks after operation, the expressions of NF-κB, GFAP, and CSPG proteins of the SCI+PDTC group significantly reduced when compared with the SCI group ( P<0.05); and the expression of NF-κB protein significantly decreased and the expressions of GFAP and CSPG proteins significantly increased when compared with the SCI+GL group ( P<0.05). Conclusion: After SCI in rats, the application of GL to inhibit the expression of HMGB1 can reduce the expression of GFAP and CSPG in the injured spinal cord, then reduce the formation of glial scars and promote the recovery of motor function of the hind limbs, and GL may play a role in inhibiting glial scar through HMGB1/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Ácido Glicirrízico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirrízico/uso terapêutico , Neuroglia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1305-1312, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063498

RESUMO

Objective: To explored the effect of stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) on promoting the migration ability of rat adipose derived stem cells (rADSCs) by constructed the rADSCs overexpression SDF-1α via adenovirus transfection. Methods: rADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue of 6-week-old SPF Sprague Dawley rats. Morphological observation, multi-directional differentiations (osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic inductions), and flow cytometry identification were performed. Transwell cell migration experiment was used to observe and screen the optimal concentration of exogenous SDF-1α to optimize the migration ability of rADSCs; the optimal multiplicity of infection (MOI) of rADSCs was screened by observing the cell status and fluorescence expression after transfection. Then the third generation of rADSCs were divided into 4 groups: group A was pure rADSCs; group B was rADSCs co-cultured with SDF-1α at the best concentration; group C was rADSCs infected with recombinant adenovirus-mediated green fluorescent protein (Adv-GFP) with the best MOI; group D was rADSCs infected with Adv-GFP-SDF-1α overexpression adenovirus with the best MOI. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and Transwell cell migration experiment were preformed to detect and compare the effect of exogenous SDF-1α and SDF-1α overexpression on the proliferation and migration ability of rADSCs. Results: The cell morphology, multi-directional differentiations, and flow cytometry identification showed that the cultured cells were rADSCs. After screening, the optimal stimulating concentration of exogenous SDF-1α was 12.5 nmol/L; the optimal MOI of Adv-GFP adenovirus was 200; the optimal MOI of Adv-GFP-SDF-1α overexpression adenovirus was 400. CCK-8 method and Transwell cell migration experiment showed that compared with groups A and C, groups B and D could significantly improve the proliferation and migration of rADSCs ( P<0.05); the effect of group D on enhancing the migration of rADSCs was weaker than that of group B, but the effect of promoting the proliferation of rADSCs was stronger than that of group D ( P<0.05). Conclusion: SDF-1α overexpression modification on rADSCs can significantly promote the proliferation and migration ability, which may be a potential method to optimize the application of ADSCs in tissue regeneration and wound repair.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células-Tronco , Células Estromais
12.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(3): 37-43, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063750

RESUMO

Critical ischaemia of lower limbs is a cause of death and invalidity in the whole world. Stem cells and products of their secretion find wide application in treatment of vascular diseases, including critical ischaemia of the lower limbs. Erythropoietin promotes an increase in the angiogenic potential of stem cells. The authors examined the therapeutic potential of a biomedical cellular product (mesenchymal stem cells and products of their secretion) and mesenchymal stem cells with erythropoietin on the processes of restoration of vessels in the hind legs of Wistar male rats following induction of lower limb critical ischaemia. Mesenchymal stem cells were derived from the bone marrow of male Wistar rats. Critical ischaemia of hind legs was modulated by transaction of the femoral artery. The parameters of microcirculation in the foot were assessed with the help of laser Doppler flowmetry. In the blood serum and crural muscles by means of solid-phase enzyme immunoassay we examined the levels of cytokines, growth factors, and persistent metabolites of nitrogen oxide - nitrites. Muscles morphology and the number of blood vessels were assessed by the findings of histological examination. It was shown that the biomedical cellular product alone and in combination with erythropoietin stimulated angiogenesis. The results of Doppler flowmetry revealed restoration of the parameters of microcirculation in the lower limb by 35-75% of the baseline values. Besides, we observed a decrease of muscle necrosis, connective tissue proliferation, and an increase in the number of the vessels supplying the muscles in the experimental groups. It was also determined that the biomedical cellular product influenced the levels of cytokines in blood serum and crural muscles. Hence, the obtained findings proved the therapeutic potential of the biomedical cellular product in critical ischaemia of lower limbs.


Assuntos
Isquemia , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3707-3712, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893562

RESUMO

Curcumin was used to interfere with acute pancreatitis model rats to explore its possible mechanism. One hundred and twenty rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, model+curcumin group, model+mock+curcumin group, model+antagonist+curcumin group and model+curcumin+LY294002 group, with 20 rats in each group. The wet/dry weight ratio of pancreatic tissue was measured and the pathological changes of pancreas were observed by HE staining. The apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining; the levels of serum amylase, lipase, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by ELISA, and the levels of PI3 K, Akt and p-Akt in pancreatic tissue were measured by Western blot. HE staining showed that curcumin could improve the pathological changes of pancreas and reduce the pathological score of pancreas, while ELISA results showed that curcumin could decrease the levels of amylase, lipase and Bax in peripheral serum and increase the concentration of Bcl-2. Western blot results showed that the expression levels of PI3 K and p-Akt in pancreatic tissue of model rats were up-regulated after the intervention of curcumin, and the apoptosis rate of pancreatic cells decreased in TUNEL staining. The above effects could be weakened by miR-198 antagonist and PI3 K-Akt signal pathway inhibitor LY294002. In conclusion, curcumin has an ideal effect on acute pancreatitis, and its mechanism may be mediated by miR-198-PI3 K-Akt axis.


Assuntos
Curcumina , MicroRNAs , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Animais , Apoptose , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3713-3718, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893563

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of Dingkun Dan on endometrial receptivity in rats with multiple lesions. Forty SD female rats with regular sexual cycle were randomly divided into 5 groups, control group, model group, progynova group, Dingkun Dan group and combination group. The thin endometrium model of kidney-yang deficiency was established in all the other rats except normal control group. The rats in normal control group were free to drink and eat; the rats in the model group were administered with distilled water; the rats in the progynova group were treated with progynova; rats in Dingkun Dan group were treated with Dingkun Dan, and the rats in combination group were treated with Dingkun Dan and progynova. After 15 days, serum levels of OPN, VEGF and MMP-9 were measured by ELISA. HE staining, immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR were used to analyze endome-trial morphology, endometrial thickness and the treatment mechanism of Dingkun Dan. As compared with the control group, the serum levels of OPN, VEGF and MMP-9 in the model group were significantly increased(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the serum levels of OPN and MMP-9 were decreased in Dingkun Dan group(P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the control group, endometrial stromal cells were fewer, the endometrium glands and blood vessels were sparse, and the endometrium was thinner significantly in the model group(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, there were more endometrial glands, rich intimal vessels, and dense stromal cells in various treatment groups, and the endometrium were thickened significantly in the treatment groups(P<0.01). As compared with the control group, the expression area of CK19 in the model group was decreased significantly(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the expression area of CK19 in each treatment group was increased significantly(P<0.05). As compared with the control group, endometrial ß-catenin and MMP-9 mRNA expression levels were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.05), while VEGF mRNA expression was decreased(P<0.05). As compared with the model group, MMP-9 mRNA expression was decreased significantly in the progynova group and the combination group(P<0.05). Dingkun Dan combined with progynova can improve endometrial receptivity by up-regulating expression of ß-catenin, VEGF mRNA and down-regulating the expression of MMP-9 mRNA in the injury rats.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , beta Catenina , Animais , Endométrio , Feminino , RNA Mensageiro , Ratos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3719-3725, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893564

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of Schizonepetae Herba and Saposhnikoviae Radix(wind medicine) on the expression of AQP4 and AQP8 in colonic mucosa in rats with ulcerative colitis(UC). A total of 35 healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into normal group(gavaged with normal saline), DSS model group, as well as low, middle, and high dose wind medicine groups(Schizonepeta and Saposhnikovia 1∶1, gavaged at dosages of 6, 12, and 24 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with 7 in each group. UC rat model was established by free drinking of 3% dextran sulphate sodium(DSS) solution for 10 days. At the end of the 10 th day after the treatment, mice were put to death to collect colonic mucosa. The length of colon was measured; the colonic mucosal injury index(CMDI) and pathological changes of colon were observed. ELISA method was used for measuring the content of serum IL-1, IL-8, and immunohistochemical method was used to measure AQP4, AQP8 protein expressions in colon mucosa. The expressions of AQP4, AQP8 mRNA were measured by Real-time PCR. As compared with the normal group, the length of colon tissue was significantly reduced(P<0.01), CMDI scores and pathological scores were significantly increased(P<0.01), the levels of serum IL-1 and IL-8 were significantly increased(P<0.05) in model group; the immunohistochemical results showed that the protein expressions of AQP4, AQP8 were lower; the color was light yellow or brown; AQP4, AQP8 mRNA expressions in colon mucosa were significantly decreased in model group(P<0.01). CMDI scores, pathological scores, and the levels of serum IL-1, IL-8 in high, middle, low dose wind medicine groups were obvious lower than those in the model group(P<0.01 or P<0.05); the protein expressions of AQP4, AQP8 were higher; the color was chocolate brown or dark brown; the length of colon tissue, and the expressions of AQP4, AQP8 mRNA were obvious higher in wind medicine groups(P<0.01 or P<0.05). Schizonepetae Herba and Saposhnikoviae Radix could significantly improve the symptoms and histopathology of UC model rats and accelerate the intestinal mucosal healing. The mechanism may be related with up-regulating the expression level of AQP4 and AQP8 in colonic mucosa.


Assuntos
Apiaceae , Colite Ulcerativa , Animais , Aquaporina 4 , Colo , Mucosa Intestinal , Masculino , Camundongos , Raízes de Plantas , Ratos
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3852-3856, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893580

RESUMO

The components of traditional Chinese medicine(TCMCs) are the basic unit of raw materials for Chinese medicines, and their physical and chemical properties directly affect the choice of dosage forms and the optimization of prescriptions. However, most of TCMCs are multi-component complex systems, and the characterization of their overall properties is still in the exploration stage. On the basis of biological activity, the representative components are determined, and then the individual characteristics are fitted with the weight coefficient of efficacy contribution rate, which may provide reference for characterizing the overall properties of TCMCs. In this study, with the pharmacological effects of isoproterenol(ISO)-induced myocardial ischemia in rats as the indicators, the pharmacodynamic contribution rates of three representative components of chishao terpene glucoside components(CSTGCs) were evaluated by the normalization weighting method. The contribution rates of paeoniflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin were 54.87%, 32.46% and 12.67%, respectively. The oil-water partition coefficients of paeoniflorin, albiflorin, benzoylpaeoniflorin in water and buffer solutions with different pH values were measured, and the oil-water partition coefficients of CSTGCs were characterized by the weight of their pharmacodynamics contribution rate. The results showed that the apparent oil-water partition coefficient(log P) of CSTGCs in the phosphate buffer system such as n-octanol-water(pH 2.0, 2.5, 5.0, 5.8, 6.8) were 0.18-0.22, indicating that CSTGCs have common absorption and low permeability, providing basis for the preparation of CSTGCs.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Isquemia Miocárdica , Animais , Glucosídeos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Ratos , Terpenos , Água
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3922-3930, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893590

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of salvianolic acid B(Sal B) on high-glucose induced renal tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) in rats, and to explore its possible mechanisms of prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. The rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52 E cells were cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into control group, high glucose group, high glucose+10 µmol·L~(-1)Sal B group(Sal B), the above 3 groups were set at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h for dynamic observation; high glucose+Sal B different concentration(1, 5, 10 µmol·L~(-1)) groups, high glucose+5.0 µmol·L~(-1) pioglitazone group, high glucose+10 µmol·L~(-1)Sal B+5 µmol·L~(-1)GW9662 group. The protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN, α-SMA, E-cadherin and PI3 K/Akt signaling molecules were determined by Western blot. The mRNA expression of PPARγ and PTEN were detected by Real-time PCR. The viabi-lity of NRK52 E cells was determined by MTT assay. The results showed that as compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN in high glucose group gradually reduced, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))gradually increased, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually reduced(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, when increases in Sal B doses, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ, PTEN in high glucose + different concentrations of Sal B groups gradually increased, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308)) gradually reduced, and the protein expression of E-cadherin gradually increased(P<0.05), however, the effect of 1 µmol·L~(-1)concentration of Sal B on the expression of PPARγ mRNA and protein and PTEN mRNA was not significantly different. As compared with high glucose group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PPARγ mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6 h), PTEN mRNA(except 6 h) and protein(except 6, 12 h) kept increasing, the protein expression levels of α-SMA and p-Akt~((Thr308))(except 6 h) continued to reduce, the protein expression of E-cadherin kept increasing in high glucose+10 µmol·L~(-1) Sal B dynamic observation group(P<0.05). As compared with high glucose group, Sal B and the pioglitazone(PIO) can greatly enhance the expression of PPARγ, PTEN at mRNA and protein levels, enhance the expression of E-cadherin at protein levels, and reduce the expression of α-SMA, p-Akt~((Thr308))protein level(P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups. However, the expression levels of PPARγ and PTEN mRNA and protein, E-cadherin, α-SMA and p-Akt(Thr308) protein in the Sal B+GW9662 control group were not statistically significant compared with the high glucose group. The effect of Sal B was blocked by the PPARγ antagonist GW9662. It can be concluded that Sal B can suppress the NRK52 E cells induced by high-glucose EMT. The mechanism may be related to the activation of PPARγ with Sal B, and the up-regulation of PTEN expression, and thereby inhibiting the fibrosis effect of PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Benzofuranos , Células Epiteliais , Glucose , Ratos
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3931-3937, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893591

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of ligustilide, the main active ingredient in Ligusticum wallichii, on mitochondria fission after PC12 cell injury induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R). In the experiment, an OGD/R model was established in vitro, and PC12 cells were pre-treated with ligustilide for 3 h, and then the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 method. The effect of different concentrations of ligustilide on the morphology of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury was observed under an inverted microscope. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the mitochondrial fission of PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. DCFH-DA immunofluorescence staining method was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) changes. Changes in mitochondria membrane potential(MMP) were detected by flow cytometry. Hochest 33258 was used to observe the apoptosis of PC12 cells. Western blot was used to detect changes in cytochrome C(Cyt C) content in mitochondria and cytoplasm, and mitochondrial fission-related proteins Drp 1 and Fis 1. All results showed that compared with the model group, ligustilide significantly increased the survival rate of PC12 cells and the number of cells. Further experiments showed that ligustilide inhibited the release of ROS and decline of mitochondrial membrane potential in PC12 cells after OGD/R injury. Moreover, ligustilide reduced the release of Cyt C and promoted the expressions of Drp1 and Fis1 in mitochondrial fission proteins. Verification experiments showed that mitochondrial fission inhibitor mdivi-1 decreased cell survival rate and inhibited fission. The results indicated that ligustilide exerted neuro-protective effects by promoting mitochondrial fission and reducing cell damage. It preliminary proves that the mechanism of ligustilide on ischemic brain injury may be related to the promotion of mitochondrial fission and the maintenance of cell homeostasis.


Assuntos
Glucose , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Apoptose , Sobrevivência Celular , Mitocôndrias , Oxigênio , Células PC12 , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3952-3960, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893594

RESUMO

A method of ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole/electrostatic field Obitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Exactive MS) was established to comprehensively identify the metabolites of carnosic acid in rats. After oral gavage of carnosic acid CMC-Na suspension in rats, urine, plasma and feces samples were collected and pretreated by solid phase extraction(SPE). Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18 )column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used with 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as the mobile phase for the gradient elution. Biological samples were analyzed by quadrupole/electrostatic field Obitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry in positive and negative ion mode. Based on the accurate molecular mass, fragment ion information, and related literature reports, a total of 28 compounds(including carnosic acid) were finally identified in rat samples. As a result, the main metabolic pathways of carnosic acid in rats are oxidation, hydroxylation, methylation, glucuronide conjugation, sulfate conjugation, S-cysteine conjugation, glutathione conjugation, demethylation, decarbonylation and their composite reactions. The study showed that the metabolism of carnosic acid in rats could be efficiently and comprehensively clarified by using UHPLC-Q-Exactive MS, providing a reference for clarifying the material basis and metabolic mechanism of carnosic acid.


Assuntos
Abietanos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(35): 2779-2784, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972060

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigated whether berberine could ameliorate septic cardiomyopathy in a rat model of sepsis and it's mechanisms. Methods: SD rats were divided into 3 groups: sepsis group (LPS group), rats were intraperitoneal injected of LPS (10 mg/kg); Berberine intervention group (Ber group), Ber (50 mg/kg, one time per day) was gavage fed 3 days before intraperitoneally injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS); control group (Con group), rats were gavage fed with double distilled water (2 ml/100 g, one time per day) 3 days before intraperitoneal injection of normal saline (1 ml/100 g). LPS group and the Ber group was further divided into 3 subgroups (n=6), and the follow-up experiments were conducted at 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after LPS injection (of which 48 h subgroup rats were gavage fed with Ber/saline at 24 h). Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and the maximum rate of change of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were monitored, the level of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß was detected by ELISA method, HE staining of myocardial tissues was done to observe myocardial injury; Western blotting method was used to detect the expression of toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) protein in rat myocardial tissue, the level of myocardial cell nucleus protein p65 was detected to reflects the degree of NF-κB activation. The correlation of factors was analyzed with Pearson correlation analysis. Results: Pre-treatment with berberine stabilized cardiac hemodynamics and improved the systolic function and diastolic function in the heart of LPS-induced rats, as evidenced by the partial recovery of the reduced±dp/dtmax and LVSP, as well as the decreased LVEDP. Compared with the LPS group, the Ber group showed improved myocardial injury, as demonstrated by decreased cTnT at each time point. HE staining results showed that berberine decreased inflammatory cell infiltration and LPS-induced cell swelling. These effects were observed early at 6 hours, severe at 24 hours, and become more serious at 48 hours after LPS injection. Further, TLR4 and NF-κB p65 subunits, which were the two key factors of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling, were upregulated in the LPS group and attenuated in the Ber group. Consistently, the expression levels of the downstream cytokines TNF-α and IL-1ß were lower in the Ber group than those in the LPS group (all P<0.05). Myocardial injury markers were positively correlated with the markers of TLR4/NF-κB signals and the downstream host inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Berberine can improve myocardial injury and cardiac function in sepsis rats, the mechanism is considered to be related to that it can inhibit the activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway induced by LPS and further reducing the production of TNF-α and IL-1ß.


Assuntos
Berberina/uso terapêutico , Sepse , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA