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1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 906-913, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116095

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity both in developed and developing countries. The body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR) and waist height ratio (WHtR) are some of the clinical tools enabling clinicians to assess obesity. Although for decades there have been controversy regarding the relationship between obesity and CAD; it has been assumed that high BMI is a risk factor for CAD. However, the findings of some recent studies were paradoxical. The aim of this study was to identify the best tool among BMI, WHtR and WHR to evaluate angiographically severe CAD in myocardial infarction patients. This was a cross-sectional analytical study carried out in the Department of Cardiology, Chattogram Medical College and Hospital (CMCH), Chattogram, Bangladesh from January 2017 to December 2017. Three hundred and thirty two consecutive MI patients undergoing CAG during the study period were included in the study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Severity of CAD was calculated by using Gensini score. Patients were categorized and compared according to anthropometric indices and CAD severity. The mean±SD of the age of study population was 53.62±10.36 years (range 25-92) and 276(83.1%) were male. Regarding cardiovascular risk factors, 113(34%) patients had diabetes mellitus, 108(32.5%) had dyslipidaemia, 137(41.3%) had hypertension, 205(61.7%) were current or ex-smokers and 59(17.8%) had a family history of CAD. The mean±SD of the patients' BMI was 24.05±3.24kg/m² (range 16.14-32.72), mean±SD of their WHR was 0.964±0.052 (range 0.823-1.125) and mean±SD of their WHtR was 0.546±0.059 (range 0.389-0.748). The mean±SD of the severity of CAD according to the Gensini score was 41.11±28.66 (ranged from 2 to 244). Study findings showed a positive correlation between the severity of CAD with WHtR and WHR but not with BMI, according to Gensini scores (p=0.004, p=0.023 and p=0.43 respectively). Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve analysis revealed that waist height ratio had the highest area under the curve (AUC) among the three anthropometric parameters for predicting presence of severe CAD. Study showed the superiority of WHtR over WHR and BMI for predicting angiographic severity of CAD in patients with MI. WHtR should therefore be considered as a screening tool.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Relação Cintura-Quadril
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e20176, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791656

RESUMO

There may be differences in optimal anthropometric cut-offs for diagnosing obesity among different regions of China. However, there has been little studies about choosing effective obesity indicators in Han People of low-income Chinese adults in southwest China. The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the associations between different obesity indicators and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDRF) and choose the optimal cut-off values.A cross-sectional study was carried out in southwest of China, with multi-stage sampling enrolling 2112 subjects aged 20 to 80 years old. Anthropometric measurements included Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), Hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We measured the percentage of body fat (PBF) by bioelectrical impedance analyzer to assess the body composition. The validity of different obesity indicators in assessing CVDRF risk were assessed through comparison area under curve of different indicators in assessing CVDRF risk in different gender. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the obesity indicators and CVDRF.When both male and female were considered, the optimal indicators were WHtR and percentage of body fat PBF for hypertension, WHR and WHtR for dyslipidemia. Both WC and WHtR were optimal indicators in assessing metabolic syndrome risk for both genders. When both disease and gender were considered, WHtR was the best associated indicators with various CVDRF. The cut-off of BMI and WC were consistent to the definition of obesity in Working Group of China. The WHtR positively correlated with the CVDRF. The cut-off of WHtR to do what was approximately 0.50 for adults in both genders in southwest of China.WHtR may be the best associated indicators for obesity-related CVDRF among the others (BMI, WC, Hip circumference, PBF, and WHR) in southwest of China. The cut-off of WHtR was approximately 0.50 for adults in both genders in southwest of China.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237917, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32834003

RESUMO

Metabolic disturbances and systemic pro-inflammatory changes have been reported in children with obesity. However, it is unclear the time-sequence of metabolic or inflammatory modifications during children obesity evolution. Our study aimed to quantify simultaneously metabolomic and inflammatory biomarkers in serum from children with different levels of adiposity. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study was used to perform targeted metabolomics and inflammatory cytokines measurements. Serum samples from children between six to ten years old were analyzed using either body mass index (BMI) or waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) classifications. One hundred and sixty-eight school-aged children were included. BMI classification in children with overweight or obesity showed altered concentrations of glucose and amino acids (glycine and tyrosine). Children classified by WHtR exhibited imbalances in amino acids (glycine, valine, and tyrosine) and lipids (triacyl glycerides and low-density lipoprotein) compared to control group. No differences in systemic inflammation biomarkers or in the prevalence of other results were found in these children. Abnormal arterial blood pressure was found in 32% of children with increased adiposity. In conclusion, obesity in school-aged children is characterized by significant metabolic modifications that are not accompanied by major disturbances in circulating concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Inflamação/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Pressão Sanguínea , Criança , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metaboloma , Análise Multivariada , Instituições Acadêmicas
4.
Rev Med Chil ; 148(1): 69-77, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The functional fitness of older people may be associated with their nutritional status. AIM: To assess the association between of anthropometric measures with functional fitness in older people. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in 75 participants aged 65 to 89 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass (FM) and skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) were calculated from anthropometric measures. The functional fitness was determined using the Senior Fitness Test battery. RESULTS: BMI and FM indicated obesity, and WHtR indicated cardiometabolic risk in 49%, 55% and 83% of participants, respectively. SMI indicated a low muscle mass in 91% of females. Performance standards of chair stand, arm curl, 2-min step test and 8-foot up-and-go tests were met in 1%, 8%, 1% and 89% of participants, respectively. Significant negative correlations were found between 2-min step test and BMI, WHtR and FM (r = -0.26, -0.31 and -0.48 respectively). Back scratch had a negative correlation with BMI (r = -0.23) and SMI (rho = -0.28). Significant positive correlations were found between 8-foot up-and-go, WHtR (rho = 0.28) and FM (rho = 0.23), and between 2-min step test and SMI (rho = 0.28). The coefficient of determination (R2) between 2-min step test with BMI, WHtR and FM were 0.05, 0.08 and 0.22, respectively, while the R2 between back scratch and BMI was 0.04. Multiple regression models indicated that FM affected the 2-min step test independently of BMI and WHtR (adjusted R2 = 0.22), however age and sex negatively influenced these associations. CONCLUSIONS: Functional fitness of older adults is influenced by nutritional anthropometric measures, particularly BMI, WHtR and FM for aerobic capacity, and BMI for upper limb flexibility.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Circunferência da Cintura
5.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1092, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a public health problem in Micronesia. The objective of the study was to assess obesity, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) among adults, and determine the appropriate BMI cut-points in Kiribati. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 483 adults randomly selected from South Tarawa (ST) and Butaritari (BT). Weight, height, BF% and physical activity level (PAL) was measured using standard methods. Linear and quadratic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between BF% and BMI whilst controlling for age and gender. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analyses were used to assess whether for the Kiribati population alternative BMI cut-off points for obesity are needed. RESULTS: Approximately 75% of participants were obese using standard BMI and BF% cut-offs, with the highest prevalence observed in South Tarawa. BF% was significantly (p < 0.001) and positively associated with age (males, r = 0.78; females, r = 0.67; p < 0.001) and BMI. Based on ROC-curve analyses the BMI cut-offs for predicting high BF% among I-Kiribati people were 24.5 kg/m2 for males and 32.9 kg/m2 for females. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the majority of adults in Kiribati were either obese or overweight and had high BF%. We suggest that ethnic-specific BMI cut-points to define obesity for the population of Kiribati may be more appropriate than the currently used international cut-points.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício Físico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Micronésia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Saúde Pública , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Análise de Regressão , Razão Cintura-Estatura
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575484

RESUMO

Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a health problem the prevalence of which has increased in young populations. Overweight and obesity in early ages have been directly related to its development. Due to the impact of HBP, it is necessary to provide tools that facilitate its early diagnosis, with useful anthropometric variables being those that assess obesity. The objective of this paper was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of anthropometric variables to detect HBP. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 265 students aged 6-16. The diagnosis of HBP was made following the criteria proposed by the Spanish Association of Pediatrics. Through different statistical methods, the association between anthropometric variables of general obesity with HBP was analyzed. Results: Waist circumference (WC) showed the best diagnostic capacity (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.729), with a sensitivity and specificity of 72.2% and 76%, respectively, for a cut-off point of 73.5 cm. In the adjusted multivariate analysis, an association was found between HBP and anthropometric variables: WC (odds ratio (OR) = 10.7), body mass index (OR = 7.5), waist-to-height ratio (OR = 5.5) and body fat percentage (OR = 5.3) (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The anthropometric variables studied showed a moderate predictive capacity for HBP, highlighting WC, which showed the strongest association with HBP in the infant and child population.


Assuntos
Antropometria , Hipertensão , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
7.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become a worldwide epidemy as the result of a high prevalence of obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. This study was aimed to determine the predictive capacity of some anthropometric indexes on the metabolic syndrome MetS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 636 workers with an overall prevalence of MetS of 14.3%. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves have been carried out to determine the cut-off values. Diagnostic accuracy was determined from the sensitivity and specificity, predictive values, validity index, and Youden index. RESULTS: Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) and Body Round Index (BRI) were the variables with the highest area under the curve (AUC) both with 0.89 CI 95% (0.858-0.927), followed by Waist Circumference with 0.87 CI 95% (0.83-0.909). The most outstanding cut-off values were: WtHR (0.54), with a sensitivity of 90.1% and a specificity of 76.1% and BRI (4.15) achieved a sensitivity and specificity of 90.1% and 76.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: WHtR and BRI are the anthropometric indicators that best discriminate the incidence and prevalence of MetS on the working population. In addition, they show a significant discriminatory capability of abdominal obesity.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Regras de Decisão Clínica , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espanha/epidemiologia
8.
J Physiol Anthropol ; 39(1): 14, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) is the most studied obesity-related gene up to date. We aimed to assess anthropometric indices in carriers of FTO rs9939609 polymorphism with overweight across Iranian population (Shiraz) to find out the associations of this polymorphism with obesity indices. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 198 overweight healthy adults aged 20-45 years old. We assessed the body composition of the participants using bioelectrical impedance analyzer. In addition, we measured the waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC). Waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were also calculated by equations. The participants' genotype was determined by ARMS-PCR. Also, data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 20 and R software version 3.6.2. RESULTS: The mean values of body mass index (BMI) and age of the participants were 26.93 ± 1.13 kg/m2 and 33.33 ± 6.35 years old, respectively. Homozygous carriers of A-allele had significantly higher values for BMI (0.60 kg/m2, p = 0.026), WHR (0.04 unit, p = 0.003), and WHtR (0.02 unit, p = 0.030) than the homozygous carriers of T-allele. Individuals with AA genotype had greater WC (2.66 cm, p = 0.042, and 4.03 cm, p = 0.002), fat mass (2.24 kg, p = 0.004, and 3.02 kg, p = 0.001), and trunk fat (1.53 kg, p = 0.001, and 2.08 kg, p = 0.001) compared to those with AT and TT genotypes, respectively. Interestingly, after adjustment of the confounders, significant associations were observed among rs9939609 polymorphism and BMI, Wt, WC, trunk fat percentage, WHR, and WHtR. CONCLUSIONS: A-allele of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism was indicated to be associated with greater general and central obesity in adult population of Shiraz, Iran.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética , Composição Corporal , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Adiposidade/genética , Adulto , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/metabolismo , Composição Corporal/genética , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Circunferência da Cintura/genética , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ann Hum Biol ; 47(2): 199-207, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429756

RESUMO

Background: Weight can be adjusted for height using the Benn parameter (kg/mB), where B is the power that minimises the correlation with height.Aim: To investigate how the Benn parameter changes across age (10-65 years) and time (1956-2015) and differs between sexes.Subjects and methods: The sample comprised 49,717 individuals born in 1946, 1958, 1970 or 2001. Cross-sectional estimates of the Benn parameter were produced and cohort differences at ages 10/11 and 42/43 years were examined using linear regression. Multilevel modelling was used to develop trajectories showing how the Benn parameter changed over age from childhood to mid-adulthood in the three older cohorts.Results: The Benn parameter was closest to 2 in childhood but consistently lower across adulthood, particularly in females and the most recent cohort. At ages 10/11 years, the Benn parameter was greater than 3 in both sexes in the 2001 cohort but between 2.2 and 2.7 in the three older cohorts. This difference was estimated to be +0.67 (0.53, 0.81) in males and +0.53 (0.38, 0.68) in females, compared to the 1946 cohort, and was driven by a much higher weight SD in the 2001 cohort. Conversely, at ages 42/43 years, the Benn parameter was lowest in the 1970 cohort due to a slightly lower weight-height correlation. This difference was estimated to be -0.12 (-0.34, 0.10) in males and -0.15 (-0.42, 0.13) in females, compared to the 1946 cohort.Conclusions: Changes over time in the obesogenic environment appear to have firstly reduced the Benn parameter due to a lowering of the weight-height correlation but secondly and more drastically increased the Benn parameter due to increasing weight variation.


Assuntos
Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Parto , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32235688

RESUMO

The Daily Mile is a promising initiative aimed at removing some of the barriers to physical activity in the school setting. This quasi-experimental study investigated the dose-effect of The Daily Mile on cardiorespiratory fitness, waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index (BMI) after a period of 3- and 6-months. A total of 279 students (mean age = 9 ± 1 years) participated in The Daily Mile while 269 students (mean age = 9 ± 1 years) did not (control group). A posteriori, the classes performing The Daily Mile on average two times per week were included in the 2_times subgroup, while those performing the activity on average three times per week in the 3_times subgroup. A significant difference was observed in favor of the experimental compared to the control group in the 6 Minute Run Test (F = 13.932, p = 0.008). Moreover, the improvement of the 6-minute run test was more pronounced for 3_times (effect size = 0.51) rather than for the 2_times subgroup (effect size = 0.29). No differences were observed in waist-to-height ratio and BMI scores. In conclusion, teachers are strongly recommended to implement The Daily Mile at least three times a week to see appreciable effects on cardiorespiratory fitness.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Razão Cintura-Estatura
11.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(2): 293-298, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190593

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: el SNP 3'UTR C/T (rs10401670) del gen RETN es un polimorfismo que se ha asociado con la presencia de diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 en un único trabajo en la literatura. OBJETIVO: el objetivo de diseñar este estudio fue evaluar la influencia del SNP rs10401670 del gen de la resistina sobre los niveles séricos de resistina, así como sobre la presencia de diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 en sujetos con obesidad y la resistencia a la insulina. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: se analizó una población caucásica de 653 sujetos adultos con obesidad. A todos se les realizó una evaluación antropométrica (peso, circunferencia cintura, masa grasa), una evaluación de la ingesta nutricional y un análisis bioquímico (glucosa, insulina, proteína C-reactiva, perfil lipídico, insulina, HOMA-IR). La evaluación del genotipo rs10401670 se determinó en presencia de diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 (DM2). Se realizó un análisis univariante y posteriormente un análisis de regresión logística con la variable dependiente dicotómica "DM2 = Sí/No" (SPSS, 17.0, IL EUA). RESULTADOS: la distribución del genotipo fue la siguiente: CC, 212 (32,4 %); CT, 340 (52,0 %), y TT, 101 (15,6 %). No se hallaron diferencias significativas entre ambos genotipos en cuanto a perfil lipídico, glucosa basal, proteína C-reactiva, parámetros antropométricos, ingesta nutricional y tensión arterial, pero sí en los niveles de resistina (delta: 1,0 ± 0,2 ng/ml; p = 0,02), insulina (delta: 1,3 ± 0,1 ng/ml; p = 0,02) y HOMA-IR (delta: 1,2 ± 0,2 ng/ml; p = 0,01), que fueron superiores en los pacientes portadores del alelo mutado T. La prevalencia global de la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 (DM2) en la muestra fue del 21,8 %. Con respecto al SNP rs10401670, entre los sujetos con CC un 17,9 % tenían DM2 y entre los portadores del alelo T, el 23,8 % tenían DM2. En el análisis de regresión logística, al analizar el efecto del alelo T ajustado según la edad, el sexo, los niveles de resistina circulante y el peso corporal, continuó mostrándose como variable independiente la presencia del alelo T del SNP rs10401670 sobre la presencia de DM2: OR: 2,27 (IC 95 %: 1,26-4,09). CONCLUSIONES: el alelo T de la variante genética rs10401670 se asocia con mayores niveles de resistina, insulina basal, resistencia a la insulina y prevalencia de la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 en los sujetos obesos


BACKGROUND: the SNP 3'UTR C/T (rs10401670) of the RETN gene is a polymorphism that has been associated with the presence of type-2 diabetes mellitus in a single work in the literature. OBJECTIVE: the objective of our study was to evaluate the influence of this resistin gene SNP (rs10401670) on the serum levels of resistin, as well as on the presence of type-2 diabetes mellitus in obese subjects and on insulin resistance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a Caucasian population of 653 obese subjects was analyzed. All subjects underwent an anthropometric evaluation (weight, waist circumference, fat mass), an evaluation of their nutritional intake, a biochemical profile (glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein, lipid profile, insulin, HOMA-IR), and an assessment of the rs10401670 genotype. Determinations were made in the presence of type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). A univariate analysis was carried out and a logistic regression was performed with a dichotomy parameter (DM2: yes/no) (SPSS, 17.0, IL, EUA). RESULTS: genotype distribution was as follows: CC, 212 subjects (32.4 %); CT, 340 subjects (52.0 %); and TT, 101 subjects (15.6 %). There were no significant differences between both genotypes in lipid profile, basal glucose, C-reactive protein, anthropometric parameters, nutritional intake, and blood pressure levels. Serum resistin levels (delta: 1.0 ± 0.2 ng/mL; p = 0.02), insulin levels (delta: 1.3 ± 0.1 ng/mL; p = 0.02), and HOMA-IR (delta: 1.2 ± 0.2 ng/mL; p = 0.01) were higher in T-allele carriers than non-T-allele carriers. The overall prevalence of type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in the sample was 21.8 %. With respect to the rs10401670 polymorphism, 17.9 % of subjects with the CC genotype had DM2, and 23.8 % of T-allele carriers had DM2. In the logistic regression analysis the T-allele of the SNP rs10401670, adjusted by age, sex, resistin levels, and body weight showed an association with DM2 -OR: 2.27 (95 % CI: 1.26-4.09). CONCLUSIONS: the T-allele of the rs10401670 genetic variant is associated with higher levels of resistin, basal insulin, and insulin resistance, and a higher prevalence of type-2 diabetes mellitus, in obese subjects


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resistina/genética , Resistência à Insulina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Resistina/sangue , Antropometria , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Avaliação Nutricional , Modelos Logísticos , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Inquéritos Nutricionais
12.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1110): 20190874, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: MRI is established for measurement of body fat mass (FM) and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometric measurements and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) have been proposed as surrogates to estimation by MRI. Aim of this work is to assess the predictive value of these methods for FM and VAT measured by MRI. METHODS: Patients were selected from cohort study PPS-Diab (prediction, prevention and subclassification of Type 2 diabetes). Total FM and VAT were quantified by MRI and BIA together with clinical variables like age, waist and hip circumference and height. Least-angle regressions were utilized to select anthropometric and BIA parameters for their use in multivariable linear regression models to predict total FM and VAT. Bland-Altman plots, Pearson correlation coefficients, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests and univariate linear regression models were applied. RESULTS: 116 females with 35 ± 3 years and a body mass index of 25.1 ± 5.3 kg/m2 were included into the analysis. A multivariable model revealed weight (ß = 0.516, p < 0.001), height (ß = -0.223, p < 0.001) and hip circumference (ß = 0.156, p = 0.003) as significantly associated with total FM measured by MRI. A additional multivariable model also showed a significant predictive value of FMBIA (ß = 0.583, p < 0.001) for FM. In addition, waist circumference (ß = 0.054, p < 0.001), weight (ß = 0.016, p = 0.031) in one model and FMBIA (ß = 0.026, p = 0.018) in another model were significantly associated with VAT quantified by MRI. However, deviations reached more than 5 kg for total FM and more than 1 kg for VAT. CONCLUSION: Anthropometric measurements and BIA show significant association with total FM and VAT. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: As these measurements show significant deviations from the absolute measured values determined by MRI, MRI should be considered the gold-standard for quantification.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/anatomia & histologia , Impedância Elétrica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/anatomia & histologia , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Relação Cintura-Quadril
13.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 388, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early-life hormonal and nutritional factors can greatly influence the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Adult height is a simple marker for these factors. This study aimed to investigate the association between adult height and NAFLD. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 35,994 participants aged 25 years or over with measured height at baseline. NAFLD was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound and self-reported history of alcohol intake. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were conducted to assess the gender-specific association between height and the risk of NAFLD. RESULTS: During a follow-up period of 5.5 years, 6245 of 35,994 subjects developed NAFLD. The adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) of NAFLD for increasing quintiles of height were 1.00 (reference), 0.82 (0.73, 0.92), 0.84 (0.73, 0.97), 0.72 (0.61, 0.85) and 0.63 (0.50, 0.79) (P for trend < 0.0001) in males, and 1.00 (reference), 1.00 (reference), 0.80 (0.69, 0.91), 0.72 (0.61, 0.85), 0.60 (0.49, 0.74) and 0.45 (0.35, 0.59) (P for trend < 0.0001) in females, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A higher adult height was associated with lower risk of NAFLD among males and females in Tianjin, China.


Assuntos
Estatura , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura
14.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 241, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about changes in overweight/obesity and central obesity status among schoolchildren from preadolescence to adolescence in Japan, where waist circumference (WC) is generally not measured in annual health examinations at elementary and junior high schools. This study examined changes of overweight/obesity and central obesity status among schoolboys and schoolgirls from preadolescence to adolescence in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were fourth-grade school children (9 or 10 years of age) from all four of Ina town's elementary schools in Japan. Measurement of each participant's height, weight, and WC were made at baseline and 3 years later. Childhood overweight/obesity was determined according to the age- and sex-specific body mass index cut-off points proposed by the International Obesity Task Force. Central obesity was defined as waist-to-height ratio ≥ 0.5. Kappa (κ) statistic was calculated to examine the tracking of overweight/obesity and central obesity. RESULTS: Data from 1436 participants (boys: n = 720, girls: n = 716) were analyzed. Overweight/obesity status tracked substantially from fourth grade to seventh grade in both boys (κ = 0.614, P value < 0.001) and girls (κ = 0.619, P value < 0.001). Among participants who were overweight/obese in fourth grade, 55.2% of boys and 63.2% of girls were still overweight/obese in seventh grade. Tracking of central obesity from fourth graders to seventh graders was substantial in boys (κ = 0.651, P value < 0.001) and moderate in girls (κ = 0.544, P value < 0.001). Among participants who had central obesity in fourth grade, 54.1% of boys and 52.6% of girls still had central obesity in seventh grade. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that the tracking of overweight/obesity from preadolescence to adolescence was substantial in boys and girls. Moreover, more than half of those who had central obesity in preadolescence had central obesity in adolescence. This study suggests that it is important to implement a primary prevention program for overweight/obesity and central obesity in elementary schools before fourth grade.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Obesidade Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/fisiopatologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013115

RESUMO

Background: Being overweight at a young age is a predictor of developing obesity and related complications later in adulthood, posing a high risk to public health. Various ethnic subgroups have been identified as having a higher prevalence of overweight or obese. Saudi Arabia is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, where the expatriate population comprises 33% of its total population. The objective of this study was to investigate differences in body composition indices, sitting time associated with media use, and physical activity pattern among a sample of local and expatriate school students in Saudi Arabia. Methods: 500 students (aged 8-18 years) from various schools were invited to participate in this study. Body weight, waist circumference (WC) and height were measured using a portable digital metric scale, standard measuring tape and wall mounted tape respectively. Participants and their parents were jointly asked to report the average time that the participant spent sitting using media (watching TV, playing video games, and using the internet and other screen-based devices etc.) per day. The pattern of physical activity among participants was measured using a short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Basal metabolic rate (BMR) and total daily energy expenditure (TEE) were estimated from body weight, height, age, sex and physical activity, according to the Harris-Benedict equation. Results: Data from 450 (90%) of the participants were used for analysis. The mean age of the participants was 14.55 ± 1.74 years. Body mass index (BMI), WC, waist to height ratio (WHtR), BMR and TEE differed significantly among the participants. Physical fitness score negatively correlated with BMI and WC, while sitting time associated with media use positively correlated with BMI, WC, WHtR and physical fitness score, among both Saudi and expatriate participants. Conclusions: Body composition indices and sitting time associated with media use were higher among Saudi boys and expatriate girls. Expatriate boys and girls were reported to be physically more active than their Saudi counterparts. BMR and TEE were higher among expatriate boys and Saudi girls. Although this study provides useful information about the association of body composition indices, sitting time associated with media use, and physical activity pattern among local and expatriate school students in SA, similar studies involving a larger study sample, with equal gender representation, are further required to determine various factors associated with this link.


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Aptidão Física , Postura Sentada , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Jogos de Vídeo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 120-125, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056408

RESUMO

En el mundo la obesidad es considerada una pandemia que provoca grandes cambios metabólicos, responsables de las llamadas enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT), las cuales presentan un 60 % de mortalidad, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (2016). En Chile el 75 % de la población adulta y el 50,9 % de la población estudiantil, muestran índices de masa corporal de sobrepeso y obesidad, con un nivel de sedentarismo general de 66,2 %. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron determinar los perfiles antropométricos, riesgo metabólico y niveles de actividad física en profesores de enseñanza básica en un colegio particular subvencionado de Arica-Chile. El total de los profesores, 12 varones y 29 mujeres, fueron evaluados según: peso, talla, perímetro de cintura, índice cintura-talla (ICT), índice de masa corporal (IMC), masa grasa (MG), masa grasa visceral (MGV) y masa muscular (MM). A todos ellos se les calculó el riesgo metabólico según protocolos de Ashwell & Gibson (2016) y el IMC según fórmula de Quetelet. Para determinar los porcentajes de MG, MM y MGV, se utilizó instrumento de bioimpedancia eléctrica, Omron HBF-514C. Posteriormente se les aplicó una encuesta sobre nivel de actividad física (IPAQ). Los datos fueron analizados en estadístico IBM SPSS para tendencia central, dispersión, conteos y porcentajes. Para correlación se usó test de Pearson (r>0,5). Los resultados muestran que un 68,3 % de los profesores presenta sobrepeso y obesidad. El IMC y porcentaje de MGV son significativamente más alto en varones que en mujeres (30,6 ±7,0 / 26,9±4,6 y 11,2±5,6 / 7,6±2,5 respectivamente). El riesgo metabólico general de la población en estudio fue de 58,5 % (75 % y 51,7 % varones y mujeres respectivamente). Se observa una alta correlación entre IMC-MGV (0,84), IMC-ICT (0,84) y MM-MG (0,85). Respecto al nivel de actividad física, solo el 19,5 % de los profesores muestra un nivel de actividad física alto. Se concluye que los profesores presentan valores antropométricos alterados que indican altos índices de riesgos metabólicos y con bajos niveles de actividad física. Independientemente, las mujeres presentan mejores índices morfométricos en todos los parámetros en estudio respecto a los profesores varones. Existe una alta correlación (r) entre el índice de masa corporal y los porcentajes de masa de grasa visceral y el índice de de cintura talla. Se sugiere enfocar las intervenciones educativas según sello de vida saludable, incentivando la actividad física y mejorar los hábitos alimenticios en los profesores.


Obesity is considered a global pandemic that causes major metabolic changes. It is responsible for the so-called noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs), which report a 60 % mortality rate (WHO, 2017). In Chile, 63 % of the population shows body mass indexes (BMI) of overweight and obesity, with a sedentary level of 86.7 %. The objectives of this work were to determine the anthropometric profiles, metabolic risk, and physical activity levels in primary school teachers, in a subsidized school in Arica, Chile. The teachers (n=41), 12 men, and 29 women were evaluated according to weight, height, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height index (WHI), BMI, Fat Mass (FM), Visceral Fat Mass (VFM) and Muscle Mass (MM). All of them were calculated for metabolic risk, according to Ashwell & Gibson protocols and BMI according to Quetelet's formula. To determine the percentages of FM, MM, and VFM, an electric bioimpedance instrument, Omron HBF-514C, was used. Subsequently, a survey of physical activity level (IPAQ) was applied. The data were analyzed in the IBM SPSS statistic for central tendency, dispersion, counts, and percentages. For correlation, Pearson's test (r> 0.5) was used. The results show that 68.3 % of teachers are overweight and obese. BMI and percentage of VFM are significantly higher in men than in women (30.6 ± 7.0 / 26.9 ± 4.6 and 11.2 ± 5.6 / 7.6 ± 2.5 respectively). The overall metabolic risk of the study population was 58.5 % (75 % and 51.7 % men and women, respectively). There is a high correlation between BMIVFM (0.84), BMI-WHI (0.84), MM-FM (0.85). Regarding the level of physical activity, only 19.5 % of teachers show a high level of physical activity. It is concluded that teachers have altered anthropometric values that indicate high rates of metabolic risks and low levels of physical activity. Regardless, women have better morphometric indexes in all parameters under study, compared to male teachers. There is a high correlation (r) between body mass index and percentages of visceral fat mass and waist height index. It is suggested to focus on educational interventions according to the healthy life seal, promoting physical activity, and improving eating habits in teachers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Medição de Risco , Professores Escolares , Doenças Metabólicas/diagnóstico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Chile , Tecido Adiposo , Razão Cintura-Estatura
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936772

RESUMO

Aims: In this study, we aimed to estimate cross-sectional associations of fish or shellfish consumption with diabetes and glycemia in three South Asian mega-cities. Methods: We analyzed baseline data from 2010-2011 of a cohort (n = 16,287) representing the population ≥20 years old that was neither pregnant nor on bedrest from Karachi (unweighted n = 4017), Delhi (unweighted n = 5364), and Chennai (unweighted n = 6906). Diabetes was defined as self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes, fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L), or glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol). We estimated adjusted and unadjusted odds ratios for diabetes using survey estimation logistic regression for each city, and differences in glucose and HbA1c using survey estimation linear regression for each city. Adjusted models controlled for age, gender, body mass index, waist-height ratio, sedentary lifestyle, educational attainment, tobacco use, an unhealthy diet index score, income, self-reported physician diagnosis of high blood pressure, and self-reported physician diagnosis of high cholesterol. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 26.7% (95% confidence interval: 24.8, 28.6) in Chennai, 36.7% (32.9, 40.5) in Delhi, and 24.3% (22.0, 26.6) in Karachi. Fish and shellfish were consumed more frequently in Chennai than in the other two cities. In Chennai, the adjusted odds ratio for diabetes, comparing more than weekly vs. less than weekly fish consumption, was 0.81 (0.61, 1.08); in Delhi, it was 1.18 (0.87, 1.58), and, in Karachi, it was 1.30 (0.94, 1.80). In Chennai, the adjusted odds ratio of prevalent diabetes among persons consuming shellfish more than weekly versus less than weekly was 1.08 (95% CI: 0.90, 1.30); in Delhi, it was 1.35 (0.90, 2.01), and, in Karachi, it was 1.68 (0.98, 2.86). Conclusions: Both the direction and the magnitude of association between seafood consumption and glycemia may vary by city. Further investigation into specific locally consumed seafoods and their prospective associations with incident diabetes and related pathophysiology are warranted.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Alimentos Marinhos , Adulto , Ásia/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 20(1): 2, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that normal weight with central obesity (NWCO) is associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes. However, the relationship between NWCO and hyperuricemia has not been studied in detail. METHODS: We investigated the association between NWCO and hyperuricemia among Japanese adults aged 40-64 years who had undergone periodic health examinations between April 2013 and March 2014. Obesity was defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 and central obesity was determined as a waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) ≥0.5. We classified the participants into the following groups based according to having obesity and central obesity: normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) without (NW; WHtR < 0.5) and with (NWCO) central obesity, and obesity without (OB) and with (OBCO) central obesity. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid > 7.0 and ≥ 6.0 mg/dL in men and women, respectively, or under medical treatment for hyperuricemia. Alcohol intake was classified as yes (daily and occasional consumption) and none (no alcohol consumption). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for hyperuricemia were calculated using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: We analyzed data derived from 96,863 participants (69,241 men and 27,622 women). The prevalences of hyperuricemia in men and women were respectively, 21.4 and 11.0%, and of participants with NWCO respectively 15.6 and 30.0%. The adjusted OR for hyperuricemia was significantly increased in OBCO compared with NW, regardless of sex (men: OR, 2.12; 95%CI; 2.03-2.21; women: OR, 3.54; 95%CI, 3.21-3.90) and were statistically significant in NWCO compared with NW (men: OR, 1.44; 95%CI, 1.36-1.52; women: OR, 1.41; 95%CI, 1.27-1.57). The results were similar regardless of alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: We found that NWCO and OBCO were associated with hyperuricemia in middle-aged Japanese men and women. Middle-aged Japanese adults with normal weight but having central obesity should be screened using a combination of BMI and WHtR and educated about how to prevent hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/etiologia , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
19.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 5(3): 295-305, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The estimated worldwide prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults is 25%; however, prevalence in young adults remains unclear. We aimed to identify the prevalence of steatosis and fibrosis in young adults in a sample of participants recruited through the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), based on transient elastography and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) score. METHODS: In this population-based study, we invited active participants of the ALSPAC cohort to our Focus@24+ clinic at the University of Bristol (Bristol, UK) between June 5, 2015, and Oct 31, 2017, for assessment by transient elastography with FibroScan, to determine the prevalence of steatosis and fibrosis. FibroScan data were collected on histologically equivalent fibrosis stage (F0-F4) and steatosis grade (S0-S3); results with an IQR to median ratio of 30% or greater were excluded for median fibrosis results greater than 7·1 kPa, and CAP scores for steatosis were excluded if less than ten valid readings could be obtained. Results were collated with data on serology (including alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyl transferase) and exposures of interest: alcohol consumption (via the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test for Consumption [AUDIT-C] and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 criteria for alcohol use disorder), body-mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio, socioeconomic status (based on predefined ALSPAC markers), and sex. We used logistic regression models to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for the effect of exposures of interest on risk of steatosis and fibrosis, after dichotomising the prevalences of fibrosis and steatosis and adjusting for covariates (excessive alcohol intake [hazardous drinking, AUDIT-C score ≥5; or harmful drinking, evidence of alcohol use disorder], social class, smoking, and BMI). FINDINGS: 10 018 active ALSPAC participants were invited to our Focus@24+ clinic, and 4021 attended (1507 men and 2514 women), with a mean age of 24·0 years (IQR 23·0-25·0). 3768 CAP scores were eligible for analysis. 780 (20·7% [95% CI 19·4-22·0]) participants had suspected steatosis (S1-S3; ≥248 dB/m), with 377 (10·0%) presenting with S3 (severe) steatosis (≥280 dB/m). A BMI in the overweight or obese range was positively associated with steatosis when adjusted for excessive alcohol consumption, social class, and smoking (overweight BMI: OR 5·17 [95% CI 4·11-6·50], p<0·0001; obese BMI: 27·27 [20·54-36·19], p<0·0001). 3600 participants had valid transient elastography results for fibrosis analysis. 96 participants (2·7% [95% CI 2·2-3·2]) had transient elastography values equivalent to suspected fibrosis (F2-F4; ≥7·9 kPa), nine of whom had values equivalent to F4 fibrosis (≥11·7 kPa). Individuals with alcohol use disorder and steatosis had an increased risk of fibrosis when adjusted for smoking and social class (4·02 [1·24-13·02]; p=0·02). INTERPRETATION: One in five young people had steatosis and one in 40 had fibrosis around the age of 24 years. The risk of fibrosis appears to be greatest in young adults who have harmful drinking patterns and steatosis. A holistic approach to the UK obesity epidemic and excessive drinking patterns is required to prevent an increasing health-care burden of adults with advanced liver disease in later life. FUNDING: Medical Research Council UK, Alcohol Change UK, David Telling Charitable Trust.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Fígado Gorduroso/classificação , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/classificação , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Classe Social , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto Jovem , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(1): 69-77, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094208

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: The functional fitness of older people may be associated with their nutritional status. Aim: To assess the association between of anthropometric measures with functional fitness in older people. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in 75 participants aged 65 to 89 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass (FM) and skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) were calculated from anthropometric measures. The functional fitness was determined using the Senior Fitness Test battery. Results: BMI and FM indicated obesity, and WHtR indicated cardiometabolic risk in 49%, 55% and 83% of participants, respectively. SMI indicated a low muscle mass in 91% of females. Performance standards of chair stand, arm curl, 2-min step test and 8-foot up-and-go tests were met in 1%, 8%, 1% and 89% of participants, respectively. Significant negative correlations were found between 2-min step test and BMI, WHtR and FM (r = −0.26, −0.31 and −0.48 respectively). Back scratch had a negative correlation with BMI (r = −0.23) and SMI (rho = −0.28). Significant positive correlations were found between 8-foot up-and-go, WHtR (rho = 0.28) and FM (rho = 0.23), and between 2-min step test and SMI (rho = 0.28). The coefficient of determination (R2) between 2-min step test with BMI, WHtR and FM were 0.05, 0.08 and 0.22, respectively, while the R2 between back scratch and BMI was 0.04. Multiple regression models indicated that FM affected the 2-min step test independently of BMI and WHtR (adjusted R2 = 0.22), however age and sex negatively influenced these associations. Conclusions: Functional fitness of older adults is influenced by nutritional anthropometric measures, particularly BMI, WHtR and FM for aerobic capacity, and BMI for upper limb flexibility.


Introducción: El estado nutricional y la condición física funcional (CFF) pueden estar relacionados en adultos mayores. Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de medidas antropométricas nutricionales sobre CFF. Material y Método: Estudio transversal realizado en 75 adultos de 65 a 89 años. Las variables antropométricas fueron índice de masa corporal (IMC), razón cintura-talla (RCT), masa adiposa (MA) e índice de masa muscular esquelética (IMME). La evaluación de CFF se efectuó con la batería Senior Fitness Test. Resultados: El IMC y MA indicaron obesidad, y RCT indicó riesgo cardiometabólico en 49%, 55% y 83% de los participantes, respectivamente. IMME indicó una baja masa muscular en 91% de las mujeres. El estándar de rendimiento para las pruebas sentarse-levantarse, flexión-codo, paso-2-minutos y levantarse-caminar-sentarse se logró en 1%, 8%, 1% y 89% de los participantes, respectivamente. Se encontraron correlaciones significativas negativas entre paso-2-minutos con IMC, RCT y MA (r = −0.26,-0.31 y-0.48 respectivamente. La misma asociación se observó entre juntar-manos-espalda con IMC (r = −0.23) e IMME (rho = −0.28). Se encontraron correlaciones significativas positivas entre levantarse-caminar-sentarse con RCT (rho=0.28) y MA (rho = 0.23), y entre paso-2-minutos con IMME (rho = 0.28). Los R2 entre paso-2-minutos e IMC, RCT y MA fueron 0.05, 0.08 y 0.22, respectivamente, mientras que el R2 entre juntar-manos-espalda e IMC fue 0.04. Los modelos de regresión múltiple indicaron que MA afectó la prueba paso-2-minutos independientemente de IMC y RCT (R2 ajustado = 0.22), aunque la edad y sexo afectaron negativamente estas asociaciones. Conclusiones: La CFF de adultos mayores es influenciada por alteraciones evidenciadas por medidas antropométricas nutricionales, particularmente IMC, RCT y MA sobre la capacidad aeróbica, e IMC sobre la flexibilidad de extremidad superior.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Nutricional , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais Seriados , Circunferência da Cintura , Obesidade
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