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1.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(11): 1549-1554, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135438

RESUMO

AIMS: The impact of tobacco use on readmission and medical and surgical complications has been documented in hip and knee arthroplasty. However, there remains little information about the effect of smoking on the outcome after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). We hypothesized that active smokers are at an increased risk of poor medical and surgial outcomes after TSA. METHODS: Data for patients who underwent arthroplasty of the shoulder in the USA between January 2011 and December 2015 were obtained from the National Readmission Database, and 90-day readmissions and complications were documented using validated coding methods. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to quantify the risk of smoking on the outcome after TSA, while controlling for patient demographics, comorbidities, and hospital-level confounding factors. RESULTS: A total of 196,325 non-smokers (93.1%) and 14,461 smokers (6.9%) underwent TSA during the five-year study period. Smokers had significantly increased rates of 30- and 90-day readmission (p = 0.025 and 0.001, respectively), revision within 90 days (p < 0.001), infection (p < 0.001), wound complications (p < 0.001), and instability of the prosthesis (p < 0.001). They were also at significantly greater risk of suffering from pneumonia (p < 0.001), sepsis (p = 0.001), and myocardial infarction (p < 0.001), postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Smokers have an increased risk of readmission and medical and surgical complications after TSA. These risks are similar to those found for smokers after hip and knee arthroplasty. Many surgeons choose to avoid these elective procedures in patients who smoke. The increased risks should be considered when counselling patients who smoke before undertaking TSA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(11):1549-1554.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Ombro/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(45): 1695-1699, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180754

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a complex clinical illness with potential complications that might require ongoing clinical care (1-3). Few studies have investigated discharge patterns and hospital readmissions among large groups of patients after an initial COVID-19 hospitalization (4-7). Using electronic health record and administrative data from the Premier Healthcare Database,* CDC assessed patterns of hospital discharge, readmission, and demographic and clinical characteristics associated with hospital readmission after a patient's initial COVID-19 hospitalization (index hospitalization). Among 126,137 unique patients with an index COVID-19 admission during March-July 2020, 15% died during the index hospitalization. Among the 106,543 (85%) surviving patients, 9% (9,504) were readmitted to the same hospital within 2 months of discharge through August 2020. More than a single readmission occurred among 1.6% of patients discharged after the index hospitalization. Readmissions occurred more often among patients discharged to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) (15%) or those needing home health care (12%) than among patients discharged to home or self-care (7%). The odds of hospital readmission increased with age among persons aged ≥65 years, presence of certain chronic conditions, hospitalization within the 3 months preceding the index hospitalization, and if discharge from the index hospitalization was to a SNF or to home with health care assistance. These results support recent analyses that found chronic conditions to be significantly associated with hospital readmission (6,7) and could be explained by the complications of underlying conditions in the presence of COVID-19 (8), COVID-19 sequelae (3), or indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic (9). Understanding the frequency of, and risk factors for, readmission can inform clinical practice, discharge disposition decisions, and public health priorities such as health care planning to ensure availability of resources needed for acute and follow-up care of COVID-19 patients. With the recent increases in cases nationwide, hospital planning can account for these increasing numbers along with the potential for at least 9% of patients to be readmitted, requiring additional beds and resources.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22195, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been reported related to the impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on outcomes after transcatheter mitral valve repair with MitraClip (MC) implantation. In this study, we assessed the prognosis of MC-treated patients according to the presence of pre-existing AF. METHODS: Randomized and observational studies reporting outcomes of pre-existing AF or sinus rhythm in patients undergoing MC treatment were identified with an electronic search. Outcomes of interest were short-and long-term mortality, stroke, bleeding, rehospitalization, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiogenic shock, acute procedure success, the hospital stay, and the number of Clips implanted. RESULTS: Eight studies (8466 individuals) were eligible. Compared to sinus rhythm, long-term mortality, the risk of bleeding, rehospitalization, and longer hospital stay were significantly higher in AF groups, whereas similar correlations were found in the analysis of other outcomes. CONCLUSION: AF may be related with worse outcomes in patients undergoing MC implantation, including long-term mortality, major bleeding, and rehospitalization. AF should be taken into account when referring a patient for MC treatment.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 847-851, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120447

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the prognosis factors for readmission after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients in the Chinese population. Methods: A total of 1 129 AAA patients who underwent EVAR at Department of Vascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, from January 2010 to December 2017 were enrolled. There were 948 males and 181 females, with an age of (71.2±9.6) years (range: 18 to 93 years). Comorbidities included primary hypertension found in 630 patients, diabetes mellitus in 129 patients and coronary heart disease in 163 patients. A total of 214 patients had a history of smoking, and 11 patients had a history of previous aortic intervention.Clinical data including baseline information, laboratory examinations and follow-up data before December 31, 2019 were retrospectively collected. The primary end point was readmission. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the prognosis factors for the end point. Results: All patients completed at least one follow-up with a follow-up time of 22.7(42.6) months (range: 1 to 120 months). The readmission rate of 1 year post-operation was 4.52% (51/1 129). The overall readmission rate was 11.34% (128/1 129) during the whole follow-up duration. The main reasons of readmission included endoleak in 60 patients with readmission, iliac limb occlusion in 25 patients and distal iliac aneurysm in 12 patients. Age (HR=0.972, 95%CI: 0.956 to 0.987, P<0.01) and elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.213, 95%CI: 1.185 to 4.134, P=0.013) were found to be the prognosis factors for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in univariate Cox regression analysis. Elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.542, 95%CI: 1.353 to 4.776, P=0.004) was found to be the prognosis factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in multivariate Cox regression analysis. Conclusions: The most common reason for readmission was endoleak, followed by iliac limb occlusion and distal iliac aneurysm. Elevated pre-operative fibri nogen level was the risk factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission, though further researches were warranted for exploring the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/etiologia , Artéria Ilíaca , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 159(2): 691-702.e5, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify whether chronic opioid users are at increased risk for complications or hospital readmission following lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database was queried to identify patients older than age 65 years who received a lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Chronic opioid users were identified through Medicare Part D records and were defined as those with >120 cumulative days of opioid supply for the year before surgery. A systematic 1:2 propensity matching was performed among chronic opioid users. RESULTS: Six thousand four hundred thirty-seven patients were identified, among whom 3627 (56%) were opioid naïve, 1866 (29%) were intermittent opioid users, and 944 (15%) were chronic opioid users. After propensity matching, 30-day mortality and 90-day mortality were nearly 2-fold higher among chronic opioid users compared with nonchronic users. In addition, length of stay and hospital charges were increased among chronic opioid users (median, 6 vs 7 days and mean increase, $12,526, respectively). Multivariable analysis revealed that intermittent opioid users and chronic opioid users were associated with an increased risk of 90-day hospital readmission compared with opioid-naïve patients (odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.71 and odds ratio, 1.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-2.12, respectively), predominantly burdened by infectious, renal, and pulmonary causes. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who chronically use opioids before lobectomy represent high-risk patients. The risk of 30- and 90-day mortality, length of stay, hospital charges, and 90-day readmission after lobectomy among chronic opioid users are substantially elevated.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/complicações , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 537-539, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unplanned readmission within 30 days is currently being used in high-income countries (HICs) for measuring the quality of surgical care. Surgical site infection (SSI), abdominal complaints and pain are the most common causes for such readmission. The correlation between readmission rates and mortality, increased patient volumes and complexity of surgery remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors for unplanned readmission in the surgical population in a low- and middle-income country setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of unplanned 30-day readmissions from January 2014 to December 2017 in the Department of General Surgery, Worcester Hospital, South Africa (SA). Basic patient demographics, reasons for readmission, operative urgency and severity, wound class, length of stay and final outcomes were used to compare the inpatient cohort and identify predictors for unplanned readmission. RESULTS: A total of 9 649 patients were admitted to the general surgery department at Worcester Hospital - 2.87% (n=270) were unplanned readmissions within 30 days. The mean age of this cohort was 42 (standard deviation (SD) 22) years, with 61% male patients. SSI (60.37%; n=163), gastrointestinal complications (24.44%; n=66) and blood transfusion (7.03%; n=19) were the most common causes for readmission. Median initial length of stay (LOS) was 4 days; after readmission it was 5 days. Readmissions were responsible for 1 914 additional patient days. Operative Portsmouth-POSSUM (P-POSSUM) (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity) score (p<0.001), increase in operative wound classification (p=0.001) and emergency surgical procedures (p=0.001) were significant risk factors for readmission within 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: The Department of General Surgery, Worcester Hospital, had a readmission rate comparable with that in HICs. Readmission rate is an indicator of advanced surgical pathology requiring an operative intervention of greater magnitude, often presenting as an emergency. Our results can be used to improve postoperative surveillance and ultimately improve outcomes in high-risk surgical populations. This study provides a benchmark for other regional hospitals in SA and has implications for quality-improvement programmes.


Assuntos
Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Adulto , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul
7.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 859-862, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970008

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to delineate optimal age to perform unilateral or bilateral cleft lip repair in premature patients. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric data set was queried for unilateral and bilateral cleft lip repairs performed between 2012 and 2017. Complications, readmissions, and reoperations were analyzed in the context of prematurity with appropriate statistics. Degree of prematurity was significantly associated with adverse events (p = 0.001, rs = 0.44). Premature patients with unilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 150 days of age [OR, 18.1; p = 0.004; before cutoff, n = 10 of 140 (7.1 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 112 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. Premature patients with bilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 175 days of age (OR, 16.1; p = 0.010; before cutoff, n = 7 of 33 (21.2 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 28 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Risk, II.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
8.
J Frailty Aging ; 9(4): 226-231, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 90-day mortality and rehospitalizations are important hospital quality metrics. Biomarkers that predict these outcomes among malnourished hospitalized patients could identify those at risk and help direct care plans. OBJECTIVES: To identify biomarkers that predict 90-day (primary) and 30-day (secondary) mortality or nonelective rehospitalization. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: An analysis of the ability of biomarkers to predict 90- and 30-day mortality and rehospitalization among malnourished hospitalized patients. SETTING: 52 blood biomarkers were measured in 193 participants in NOURISH, a randomized trial that determined the effects of a nutritional supplement on 90-day readmission and death in patients >65 years. Composite outcomes were defined as readmission or death over 90-days or 30-days. Univariate Cox Proportional Hazards models were used to select best predictors of outcomes. Markers with the strongest association were included in multivariate stepwise regression. Final model of hospital readmission or death was derived using stepwise selection. MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional, inflammatory, hormonal and muscle biomarkers. RESULTS: Mean age was 76 years, 51% were men. In univariate models, 10 biomarkers were significantly associated with 90-day outcomes and 4 biomarkers with 30-day outcomes. In multivariate stepwise selection, glutamate, hydroxyproline, tau-methylhistidine levels, and sex were associated with death and readmission within 90-days. In stepwise selection, age-adjusted model that included sex and these 3 amino-acids demonstrated moderate discriminating ability over 90-days (C-statistic 0.68 (95%CI 0.61, 0.75); age-adjusted model that included sex, hydroxyproline and Charlson Comorbidity Index was predictive of 30-day outcomes (C-statistic 0.76 (95%CI 0.68, 0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Baseline glutamate, hydroxyproline, and tau-methylhistidine levels, along with sex and age, predict risk of 90-day mortality and nonelective readmission in malnourished hospitalized older patients. This biomarker set should be further validated in prospective studies and could be useful in prognostication of malnourished hospitalized patients and guiding in-hospital care.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Desnutrição/mortalidade , Desnutrição/terapia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Ann Emerg Med ; 76(3S): S37-S45, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928460

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine the association between use of specific cephalosporins and macrolides and hospital length of stay in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) who are admitted with acute chest syndrome, and determine treatment risk factors for acute chest syndrome-related 30-day readmission. METHODS: Patients admitted to 48 US hospitals within the Pediatric Health Information System between January 2008 and December 2016 with associated International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) or ICD-10 diagnoses of SCD and acute chest syndrome were included. Primary outcomes were hospital length of stay and acute chest syndrome-related and all-cause 30-day readmission. Data were analyzed with t tests, ANOVA, and bivariable and multivariable linear and logistic regressions. RESULTS: In 21,126 visits (representing 8,856 patients), median age was 11.2 years (interquartile range 6.1 to 16.5 years), 53.5% were male patients, and 77.2% had hemoglobin SS genotype. Median length of stay was 4 days (interquartile range 2 to 6 days; mean 4.76 days [SD 4.62 days]). Ceftriaxone alone (length of stay 4.75 days [SD 4.66 days]; P<.001) or the combination of ceftriaxone and azithromycin (length of stay 4.84 days [SD 4.74 days]; P<.001) was associated with the shortest length of stay and a reduced risk of acute chest syndrome-related readmission (ceftriaxone odds ratio [OR] 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.27 to 0.35; ceftriaxone+azithromycin OR 0.20; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.24). Albuterol (OR 0.97; 95% CI 0.96 to 0.98) and RBC transfusion (OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.83) were also associated with decreased rates of acute chest syndrome-related 30-day readmission. All-cause 30-day readmission rate was 16.7% (95% CI 16.2% to 17.3%). CONCLUSION: Guideline-compliant therapy for acute chest syndrome could preferentially include ceftriaxone and azithromycin. All-cause 30-day readmission for acute chest syndrome is lower than that reported for all-cause readmissions for SCD and more consistent with rates of readmission for pneumonia in the general population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Torácica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Torácica Aguda/etiologia , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Cefalosporinas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238118, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903282

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: New financial incentives, such as reduced Medicare reimbursements, have led hospitals to closely monitor their readmission rates and initiate efforts aimed at reducing them. In this context, many surgical departments participate in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), which collects detailed demographic, laboratory, clinical, procedure and perioperative occurrence data. The availability of such data enables the development of data science methods which predict readmissions and, as done in this paper, offer specific recommendations aimed at preventing readmissions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study leverages NSQIP data for 722,101 surgeries to develop predictive and prescriptive models, predicting readmissions and offering real-time, personalized treatment recommendations for surgical patients during their hospital stay, aimed at reducing the risk of a 30-day readmission. We applied a variety of classification methods to predict 30-day readmissions and developed two prescriptive methods to recommend pre-operative blood transfusions to increase the patient's hematocrit with the objective of preventing readmissions. The effect of these interventions was evaluated using several predictive models. RESULTS: Predictions of 30-day readmissions based on the entire collection of NSQIP variables achieve an out-of-sample accuracy of 87% (Area Under the Curve-AUC). Predictions based only on pre-operative variables have an accuracy of 74% AUC, out-of-sample. Personalized interventions, in the form of pre-operative blood transfusions identified by the prescriptive methods, reduce readmissions by 12%, on average, for patients considered as candidates for pre-operative transfusion (pre-operative hematoctic <30). The prediction accuracy of the proposed models exceeds results in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: This study is among the first to develop a methodology for making specific, data-driven, personalized treatment recommendations to reduce the 30-day readmission rate. The reported predicted reduction in readmissions can lead to more than $20 million in savings in the U.S. annually.


Assuntos
Modelos Estatísticos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Transfusão de Sangue , Bases de Dados Factuais , Hematócrito , Humanos , Medição de Risco
11.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238853, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is increasing in incidence; this not-to-miss diagnosis can cause significant morbidity and mortality, particularly if diagnoses are delayed. While some risk factors for SEA and subsequent mortality have been identified, the SEA patient population is clinically heterogeneous and sub-populations have not yet been characterized in the literature. The primary objective of this project was to identify characteristics of subgroups of patients with SEA. The secondary objective was to identify associations between subgroups and three clinical outcomes: new onset paralysis, in-hospital mortality, and 180-day readmission. METHODS: Demographics and comorbid diagnoses were collected for patients diagnosed with SEA at an academic health center between 2015 and 2019. Latent class analysis was used to identify clinical subgroups. Chi-squared tests were used to compare identified subgroups with clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We identified two subgroups of patients in our analysis. Group 1 had a high rate of medical comorbidities causing immunosuppression, requiring vascular access, or both. Group 2 was characterized by a high proportion of people with substance use disorders. Patients in Group 2 were more likely to be readmitted within 6 months than patients in Group 1 (p = 0.03). There was no difference between groups in new paralysis or mortality. DISCUSSION: While prior studies have examined the SEA patient population as a whole, our research indicates that there are at least two distinct subgroups of patients with SEA. Patients who are younger, with substance use disorder diagnoses, may have longer hospital courses and are at higher risk of readmission within six months. Future research should explore how to best support patients in both groups, and additional implications for subgroup classification on health outcomes, including engagement in care.


Assuntos
Abscesso Epidural/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Paralisia/mortalidade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Comorbidade , Abscesso Epidural/complicações , Abscesso Epidural/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806775

RESUMO

In South Korea, 4.5% patients of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were readmitted to hospitals after discharge. However, there is insufficient research on risk factors for readmission and management of patients after discharge is poor. In this study, 7590 confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients were defined as a target for analysis using nationwide medical claims data. The demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, and the use of medical resources were used to examine the association with readmission through the chi-square test and then logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze factors affecting readmission. Of the 7590 subjects analyzed, 328 patients were readmitted. The readmission rates of men, older age and patients with medical benefits showed a high risk of readmission. The Charlson Comorbidity Index score was also related to COVID-19 readmission. Concerning requiring medical attention, there was a higher risk of readmission for the patients with chest radiographs, computed tomography scans taken and lopinavir/ritonavir at the time of their first admission. Considering the risk factors presented in this study, classifying patients with a high risk of readmission and managing patients before and after discharge based on priority can make patient management and medical resource utilization more efficient. This study also indicates the importance of lifestyle management after discharge.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Coronavirus , Feminino , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pediatrics ; 146(3)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have increasingly challenged the traditional management of acute pancreatitis (AP) with bowel rest. However, these studies used a low-fat diet or transgastric feeding and only included adults. Aiming to generate higher-quality prospective pediatric data, we compared the traditional approach of fasting and intravenous fluids and early enteral feeding with standard diet or formula. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of children (2-18 years) with mild-moderate AP. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to initial fasting and intravenous fluids or an immediate, unrestricted diet. Pain scores, blood measures, and cross-sectional imaging were recorded throughout admission and follow-up. The primary outcome was time to discharge, and secondary outcomes were clinical and biochemical resolution and local and systemic complication rates. RESULTS: Of 33 patients (17 [52%] boys, mean age of 11.5 [±4.8] years), 18 (55%) were randomly assigned to early feeding and 15 (45%) were randomly assigned to initial fasting. We recorded the median (interquartile range [IQR]) time to discharge (2.6 [IQR 2.0 to 4.0] vs 2.9 [IQR 1.8 to 5.6]; P = .95), reduction in serum lipase levels by day 2 (58% [IQR 2% to 85%] vs 48% [IQR 3% to 71%]; P = .65), and readmission rates (1 of 18 [6%] vs 2 of 15 [13%]; P = .22) between the early feeding and fasting cohorts, respectively. Immediate or delayed complication rates did not differ. Patients randomly assigned to early feeding had weight gain of 1.3 kg (IQR 0.29 to 3.6) at follow-up, compared with weight loss of 0.8 kg (IQR -2.1 to 0.7) in fasted patients (P = .028). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled trial in pediatric AP. There was no difference between early commencement of a standard oral diet and initial fast in any of the major outcome measures.


Assuntos
Dieta/normas , Nutrição Enteral , Jejum , Hidratação/métodos , Fórmulas Infantis , Pancreatite/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Amilases/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lipase/sangue , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pancreatite/sangue , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ganho de Peso
14.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(16): 671-677, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) are performed more commonly than total ankle arthroplasty (TAA), so patients and the orthopaedic community are more familiar with the likelihood of complications after THA and TKA than after TAA. The present study places early complication rates after TAA in the context of those after THA and TKA. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAA, THA, or TKA during 2006 to 2016 as part of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were identified. Multivariate regression was used to compare procedures with adjustment for baseline and anesthesia characteristics. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight thousand three hundred twenty-five patients underwent THA, 223,587 TKA, and 839 TAA. The total complication rate was lower for TAA (2.98%) compared with THA (4.92%, P = 0.011) and TKA (4.56%, P = 0.049). Similarly, the rate of blood transfusion was lower for TAA (0.48%) compared with THA (9.66%) and TKA (6.44%, P < 0.001 for each). The rate of additional surgery was lower for TAA compared with THA (0.48% versus 1.79%, P = 0.007). Finally, the rate of readmission was lower for TAA (1.45%) compared with THA (3.66%, P = 0.002) and TKA (3.40%, P = 0.005). DISCUSSION: Patients can be counseled that relative to THA and TKA, TAA is safer in the perioperative period, with lower rates of adverse events, blood transfusion, additional surgery, and hospital readmission.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança
15.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(16): 678-683, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769723

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of geriatric ankle fractures is rising. With the substantial variation in the physiologic and functional status within this age group, our null hypothesis was that mortality and complications of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) between patients who are aged 65 to 79 are equivalent to ORIF in patients who are aged 80 to 89. METHODS: Patients with ankle fracture were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. Patients treated with ORIF were identified using the Current Procedural Terminology codes. Patients were divided into two age cohorts: 65 to 79 years of age and 80 to 89 years of age. The primary outcome studied was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included 30-day readmission, revision surgery, surgical site infection, sepsis, wound dehiscence, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, blood transfusion, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, stroke, myocardial infarction, renal insufficiency or failure, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Our cohort included 2,353 ankle fractures: 1,877 were among 65 to 79 years of age and 476 were among 80 or older. Thirty-day mortality was 3.2-fold higher in the 80 to 89 years of age group compared with the 65 to 79 years of age group (1.47% versus 0.48%, P = 0.019). However, after controlling for the ASA class, 80 to 89 years of age patients no longer had a significantly higher mortality (P = 0.0647). Similarly, revision surgery rate (3.36% versus 1.81%, P = 0.036), transfusion requirement (2.94% versus 1.49%, P = 0.033), urinary tract infection (1.89% versus 0.75%, P = 0.023), and hospital length of stay (4.9 versus 2.9 days, P < 0.0001) were all significantly higher in the 80 to 90 years of age group compared with the 65 to 79 years old group. However, after controlling for the ASA class, 80 to 89 years old patients no longer had a rate of complications in comparison to the 65 to 79 years old age group. DISCUSSION: After controlling for comorbidities (ie, the ASA class), no increased risk is observed for the 30-day mortality or complication rate between geriatric ankle fracture in the 65 to 79 years old and the 80 to 99 years old age groups. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic level III, retrospective study.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/mortalidade , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/mortalidade , Redução Aberta/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237698, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842139

RESUMO

With brief psychiatric hospitalizations, the extent to which symptoms change is rarely characterized. We sought to understand symptomatic changes across Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) dimensions, and the extent to which such improvement might be associated with risk for readmission. We identified 3,634 individuals with 4,713 hospital admissions to the psychiatric inpatient unit of a large academic medical center between 2010 and 2015. We applied a natural language processing tool to extract estimates of the five RDoC domains to the admission note and discharge summary and calculated the change in each domain. We examined the extent to which symptom domains changed during admission, and their relationship to baseline clinical and sociodemographic features, using linear regression. Symptomatic worsening was rare in the negative valence (0.4%) and positive valence (5.1%) domains, but more common in cognition (25.8%). Most diagnoses exhibited improvement in negative valence, which was associated with significant reduction in readmission risk. Despite generally brief hospital stays, we detected reduction across multiple symptom domains, with greatest improvement in negative symptoms, and greatest probability of worsening in cognitive symptoms. This approach should facilitate investigations of other features or interventions which may influence pace of clinical improvement.


Assuntos
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Sumários de Alta do Paciente Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 509-517, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a volume-outcome relationship exists for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery conducted within the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: This was an analysis of administrative data. Data were extracted from the Hospital Episodes Statistics database for England from April 2011 to March 2019 for all adult admissions for elective infrarenal AAA surgery. Data were extracted for the NHS trust and surgeon undertaking the procedure, the surgical technique used (open or endovascular), the financial year of admission, length of hospital and critical care stay during the procedure and subsequent emergency re-admissions (primary outcome) and deaths within 30 days. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for hierarchy and confounding. RESULTS: A dataset of 31 829 procedures (8867 open, 22 962 endovascular) was extracted. For open surgery, lower trust annual volume was associated with higher 30 day emergency re-admission rates and higher 30 day mortality. For open surgery, lower surgeon annual volume was associated with higher 30 day mortality and length of hospital stay greater than the median. For endovascular surgery, lower surgeon annual volume was associated with not having an overnight stay in critical care. None of the other volume-outcome relationships investigated was significant. CONCLUSION: For elective infrarenal AAA surgery in the UK NHS, there was strong evidence of a volume-outcome relationship for open surgery. However, evidence for a volume-outcome relationship is dependent on the specific procedure undertaken and the outcome of interest.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous predictive models in the literature stratify patients by risk of mortality and readmission. Few prediction models have been developed to optimize impact while sustaining sufficient performance. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to derive models for hospital mortality, 180-day mortality and 30-day readmission, implement these models within our electronic health record and prospectively validate these models for use across an entire health system. MATERIALS & METHODS: We developed, integrated into our electronic health record and prospectively validated three predictive models using logistic regression from data collected from patients 18 to 99 years old who had an inpatient or observation admission at NorthShore University HealthSystem, a four-hospital integrated system in the United States, from January 2012 to September 2018. We analyzed the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for model performance. RESULTS: Models were derived and validated at three time points: retrospective, prospective at discharge, and prospective at 4 hours after presentation. AUCs of hospital mortality were 0.91, 0.89 and 0.77, respectively. AUCs for 30-day readmission were 0.71, 0.71 and 0.69, respectively. 180-day mortality models were only retrospectively validated with an AUC of 0.85. DISCUSSION: We were able to retain good model performance while optimizing potential model impact by also valuing model derivation efficiency, usability, sensitivity, generalizability and ability to prescribe timely interventions to reduce underlying risk. Measuring model impact by tying prediction models to interventions that are then rapidly tested will establish a path for meaningful clinical improvement and implementation.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Modelos Estatísticos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição de Risco
19.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 611-615, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735121

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is the standard surgical treatment for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in patients for who long-term pharmacotherapy is intolerable or ineffective. Advances in anaesthesia and minimally invasive surgery have led to day case treatment being adopted by some centres. The objective of this study is to describe our day case pathway and peri- and postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single centre, retrospective case series review of a prospectively collected database from October 2014 to August 2019 performed in a tertiary centre for upper gastrointestinal surgery. Data collected included demographics, comorbidities, indications, complications, length of stay and readmission. RESULTS: A total of 362 patients underwent laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery with or without hiatus hernia repair of up to 10cm, with day case rates of 59%. Unplanned admission following day surgery was 5.1% (13/225) and 30-day readmission was 2.2% (8/362); 90.6% of patients remained in hospital for less than 24 hours. There was one intraoperative complication and one patient required revisional surgery within 30 days. The rate of all postoperative complications was 1.38% (5/362) with one postoperative mortality. DISCUSSION: The inclusion of larger hernias is unusual, as most studies limit size to 5cm or less. Our results show the safety and feasibility of the procedure even when applied to hiatus hernias up to 10cm. Success was multifactorial and based on standardisation of procedures and support from dedicated specialist nursing staff. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery can be performed safely as a day case procedure even in larger hiatus hernias, with a dedicated care pathway and specialist nurse practitioners to support it.


Assuntos
Hérnia Hiatal/epidemiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Redução de Custos/estatística & dados numéricos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/complicações , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/economia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
20.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 31(3): 298-302, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800446

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rock climbing and mountaineering may result in injury requiring hospital admission. Readmission frequency after climbing-related injury is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess readmission frequency, morbidity, and mortality after admission for climbing-related injury. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the 2012 to 2014 national readmission database, a nationally representative sample of all hospitalized patients. Rock climbing, mountain climbing, and wall climbing injuries were identified using International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification codes (E004.0). Outcomes evaluated included readmission frequency, morbidity, mortality, inpatient admission, and costs. Adjusted analyses accounting for survey methodology were performed. Data are presented as mean±SD. RESULTS: A weighted-estimate 1324 inpatient admissions were associated with a climbing-related injury. Most patients were aged 18 to 44 y (64%), and 68% (n=896) were male. Isolated extremity injures were more common than other injuries (49%, n=645). Sixty-five percent (n=856) underwent a major operative procedure. Less than 1% of all climbing-related visits resulted in death. Within 6 mo of the index hospitalization, 2% (n=23) of the patients had at least 1 readmission, with a time to readmission of 9.9±6.6 (95% CI 4.5-15.4) d. Only female sex was associated with increased odds of readmission (odds ratio=5.5; 95% CI 1.5-20.1; P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There is a very low frequency of readmissions after being admitted to the hospital for climbing-related injury. A considerable opportunity to describe the long-term burden of climbing-related injury exists, and further research should be done to assess injury burden treated in the outpatient setting.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Montanhismo/lesões , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Traumatismos em Atletas/classificação , Traumatismos em Atletas/etiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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