Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.109
Filtrar
1.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 73(1): 53-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808611

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bystander assistance is decisive to enhance the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Despite an increasing number of basic life support (BLS) training methods, the most effective formula remains undefined. To identify a gold standard, we performed a systematic review describing reported BLS training methods for laypeople and analyzed their effectiveness. METHODS: We reviewed the MEDLINE database from January 2006 to July 2018 using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, considering all studies training adult laypeople in BLS and performing practical skill assessment. Two reviewers independently extracted data and evaluated the quality of the studies using the MERSQI (Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument) scale. RESULTS: Of the 1263 studies identified, 27 were included. Most of them were nonrandomized controlled trials and the mean quality score was 13 out of 18, with substantial agreement between reviewers. The wide heterogeneity of contents, methods and assessment tools precluded pooling of data. Nevertheless, there was an apparent advantage of instructor-led methods, with feedback-supported hands-on practice, and retraining seemed to enhance retention. Training also improved attitudinal aspects. CONCLUSIONS: While there were insufficiently consistent data to establish a gold standard, instructor-led formulas, hands-on training with feedback devices and frequent retraining seemed to yield better results. Further research on adult BLS training may need to seek standardized quality criteria and validated evaluation instruments to ensure consistency.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Adulto , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18201, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leadership and teamwork are important contributory factors in determining cardiac resuscitation performance and clinical outcome. We aimed to determine whether fixed positioning of the resuscitation team leader (RTL) relative to the patient influences leadership qualities during cardiac resuscitation using simulation. METHODS: A cross-sectional randomized intervention study over 12 months' duration was conducted in university hospital simulation lab. ACLS-certified medical doctors were assigned to run 2 standardized simulated resuscitation code as RTL from a head-end position (HEP) and leg-end position (LEP). They were evaluated on leadership qualities including situational attentiveness (SA), errors detection (ED), and decision making (DM) using a standardized validated resuscitation-code-checklist (RCC). Performance was assessed live by 2 independent raters and was simultaneously recorded. RTL self-perceived performance was compared to measured performance. RESULTS: Thirty-four participants completed the study. Mean marks for SA were 3.74 (SD ±â€Š0.96) at HEP and 3.54 (SD ±â€Š0.92) at LEP, P = .48. Mean marks for ED were 2.43 (SD ±â€Š1.24) at HEP and 2.21 (SD ±â€Š1.14) at LEP, P = .40. Mean marks for DM were 4.53 (SD ±â€Š0.98) at HEP and 4.47 (SD ±â€Š0.73) at LEP, P = .70. The mean total marks were 10.69 (SD ±â€Š1.82) versus 10.22 (SD ±â€Š1.93) at HEP and LEP respectively, P = .29 which shows no significance difference in all parameters. Twenty-four participants (71%) preferred LEP for the following reasons, better visualization (75% of participants); more room for movement (12.5% of participants); and better communication (12.5% of participants). RTL's perceived performance did not correlate with actual performance CONCLUSION:: The physical position either HEP or LEP appears to have no influence on performance of RTL in simulated cardiac resuscitation. RTL should be aware of the advantages and limitations of each position.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Liderança , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Postura , Melhoria de Qualidade , Adulto , Lista de Checagem , Estudos Transversais , Tomada de Decisões , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Treinamento por Simulação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação em Vídeo
3.
Orv Hetil ; 160(46): 1816-1820, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707819

RESUMO

Basic life support (BLS) teaching by peer-educators to school-age students was studied by evaluating their effectiveness. BLS resuscitation was taught by the internationally accepted four-stage skill teaching approach. The effectiveness of the training was followed by sociological measuring instruments (n = 91). Compared to the students' previous knowledge and attitudes about resuscitation, an increased willingness to adapt to an unexpected situation can be observed besides acquiring a reproducible method of CPR. The findings did not show significant age differences. Sensitivity and technical training in lay resuscitation is a successful educational process. The applied peer-education model is suitable for transferring resuscitation knowledge and skills. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(46): 1816-1820.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Instituições Acadêmicas
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(10): 1300-1307, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the efficiency of a new method of training laypeople on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). 2) To assess previous knowledge of the participants. METHODS: Instructors were trained according to the 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines, with emphasis on CPR. Dummies made with PET bottles were used, and a questionnaire was applied to the participants before and after training. Statistical analysis was performed in the R commander program. Participants with incomplete documents were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Out of 101 participants, 96 were included: 69 lay people, 17 health professionals, and ten health students. There was an improvement in the overall performance after training (mean pre: 62.7%, mean post: 75.8%, p <0.01), also present in the following main concepts: "mouth-to-mouth breathing is not necessary" (p <0.01), "risk of contamination" (p <0.01), "compression technique" (p <0.01). The concepts "recognition of severity" and "what is chest compression" did not improve, but had good pre-test means, 96.8% and 81.2%. There was no statistical difference in the knowledge between the groups (laypeople vs. health professionals and students, pre=0,06 e post=0,33). CONCLUSION: The tools used in training were efficient. However, further studies are necessary to assess the long-term impact of this intervention.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Escolaridade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17752, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689831

RESUMO

Dispatcher assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DACPR) by Emergency medical services has been shown to improve rates of early out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) recognition and early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for OHCA. This study measures the impact of introducing DACPR on OHCA recognition, CPR rates and on patient outcomes in a pilot region in Kuwait.EMS treated OHCA data over 10 months period (February 21-December 31, 2017) before and after the intervention was prospectively collected and analyzed.Comprehensive DACPR in the form of: a standardized dispatch protocol, 1-day training package and quality assurance and improvement measures were applied to Kuwait EMS central Dispatch unit only for pilot region. Primary outcomes: OHCA recognition rate, CPR instruction rate, and Bystander CPR rate. Secondary outcome: survival to hospital discharge.A total of 332 OHCA cases from the EMS archived data were extracted and after exclusion 176 total OHCA cases remain. After DACPR implementation OHCA recognition rate increased from 2% to 12.9% (P = .037), CPR instruction rate increased from 0% to 10.4% (P = .022); however, no significant change was noted for bystander CPR rates or prehospital return of spontaneous circulation. Also, survival to hospital discharge rate did not change significantly (0% before, and 0.8% after, P = .53)In summary, DACPR implementation had positive impacts on Kuwait EMS system operational outcomes; early OHCA recognition and CPR instruction rates in a pilot region of Kuwait. Expanding this initiative to other regions in Kuwait and coupling it with other OHCA system of care interventions are needed to improve OHCA survival rates.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Operador de Emergência Médica/educação , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Idoso , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Kuweit , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 43(6): 346-351, ago.-sept. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183253

RESUMO

Objetivo: Comparar en un maniquí de lactante la calidad de las compresiones torácicas según el método tradicional (MT) o según la nueva técnica de 2pulgares con puños cerrados (NM). Diseño: Estudio controlado, aleatorizado y cruzado en profesionales. Ámbito: Hospital Universitario con UCI Pediátrica del norte de España. Participantes: Residentes y enfermeros de Pediatría, habiendo superado un curso de RCP básica y avanzada pediátrica. Intervenciones: Análisis cuantitativo de calidad de compresiones torácicas en escenario de RCP en lactante durante 2 min, mediante el sistema SimPad(R) con SkillReporter(TM) de Laerdal. Variables de interés principales: Frecuencia media y porcentaje de compresiones en rango recomendada, profundidad media y porcentaje de compresiones en rango recomendado, porcentaje de compresiones con descompresión adecuada y porcentaje de compresiones realizadas con los dedos en el centro del tórax. Resultados: La calidad global de las compresiones (NM: 84,2±23,7% vs. MT: 80,1±25,4% [p=0,25; no sig.]), el porcentaje de compresiones con profundidad correcta (NM: 59,9±35,8% vs. MT: 59,5±35,7% [p=0,76; no sig.]), la profundidad media alcanzada (NM: 37,3±3,8mm vs. MT: 36±5,3mm [p=0,06; no sig.]), el porcentaje de reexpansión completa de la caja torácica (NM: 94,4±9,3% vs. MT: 92,4±18,3% [p=0,58; no sig.]) y el porcentaje de compresiones con la frecuencia recomendada (NM: 62,2±34,6% vs. MT: 51±37,2% [p=0,13; no sig.]) fueron similares con los 2métodos. Conclusiones: La calidad de compresiones torácicas con el nuevo método (pulgares con los puños cerrados) es similar a la obtenida con el método tradicional


Objective: To compare the quality of chest compressions performed according to the classical technique (MT) versus a new technique (NM) (compression with 2thumbs with closed fists) in an infant manikin. Design: A controlled, randomized cross-over study was carried out in professionals assisting pediatric patients. Setting: A University Hospital with a Pediatric ICU in the north of Spain. Participants: Residents and nurses in Pediatrics who had completed a basic and an advanced pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation course. Interventions: Quantitative analysis of the variables referred to chest compression quality in a 2-minute cardiopulmonary resuscitation scenario in infants. Laerdal's SimPad(R) with SkillReporter(TM) system was used. Main variables of interest: Mean rate and percentage of compressions in the recommended rate range, mean depth and percentage of compressions within the depth range of recommendations, percentage of compressions with adequate decompression, and percentage of compressions performed with the fingers in the center of the chest. Results: Global quality of the compressions (NM: 84.2±23.7% vs. MT: 80.1±25.4% [p=0.25; p=ns]), percentage of compressions with correct depth (NM: 59.9±35.8% vs. MT: 59.5±35.7% [p=0.76; p=ns]), mean depth reached (NM: 37.3±3.8mm vs. MT: 36±5.3mm [p=0.06; p=ns]), percentage of complete re-expansion of the chest (NM: 94.4±9.3% vs. MT: 92.4±18.3% [p=0.58; p=ns]), and percentage of compressions with the recommended rate (NM: 62.2±34.6% vs. MT: 51±37.2% [p=0.13; p=ns]) proved similar with both methods. Conclusions: The quality of chest compressions with the new method (thumbs with closed fists) is similar to that afforded by the traditional method


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Simulação de Paciente , Manequins , Massagem Cardíaca/métodos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Internato e Residência , Análise Quantitativa , Massagem Cardíaca/instrumentação , Massagem Cardíaca/enfermagem , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405209

RESUMO

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) mortality remains high. The best survival rates are achieved when trained people provide OHCA victims with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); however, it is estimated that only 25% of victims receive CPR. This community health study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a training programme in basic CPR and in the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED) on knowledge and skills for lay people, and its social impact. The training courses were based on Catalan Council of Resuscitation guidelines. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, evaluation of knowledge and practical skills at baseline and at the end of the training courses, and also on the social impact of the programme. A total of 36 training courses with 482 participants were carried out, and most participants achieved a qualification of suitable. The mean score in knowledge was 3.1 ± 1.1 at baseline and 3.8 ± 1.2 (p = 0.001) at the end of the programme. Participants rated the training courses as very satisfactory, considered the training useful, and felt more qualified to respond to an emergency. This study shows that a high percentage of participants acquired skills in basic CPR and use of an AED, which confirms the usefulness and effectiveness of training courses and its important social impact.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Participação da Comunidade , Desfibriladores , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Mudança Social
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1394972, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392207

RESUMO

Introduction: Resuscitation training increases bystander's ability to perform basic life support (BLS) with an automated external defibrillator (AED) immediately after training. However, several studies indicate that resuscitation skills decay rapidly. Methods: This study evaluates retention of BLS/AED skills three months after an initial study comparing acquisition of BLS/AED skills among laypersons immediately after training with a two-stage versus four-stage teaching technique. Results: There was no difference in retention of BLS/AED skills (pass rate 10.8% versus 10.9%, respectively, p=1) three months after training. Total average number of skills adequately performed (of 17) was 13.3 versus 13.7 among laypersons trained with a two-stage and a four-stage technique, respectively. No difference was found in quality of chest compressions and rescue breaths between the two groups. Conclusion: Three months after training, this study found no difference in retention of BLS/AED skills among laypersons taught using a two-stage compared to a four-stage teaching technique.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Desfibriladores , Avaliação Educacional , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(14)2019 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337029

RESUMO

This study investigated to what extent multimodal data can be used to detect mistakes during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training. We complemented the Laerdal QCPR ResusciAnne manikin with the Multimodal Tutor for CPR, a multi-sensor system consisting of a Microsoft Kinect for tracking body position and a Myo armband for collecting electromyogram information. We collected multimodal data from 11 medical students, each of them performing two sessions of two-minute chest compressions (CCs). We gathered in total 5254 CCs that were all labelled according to five performance indicators, corresponding to common CPR training mistakes. Three out of five indicators, CC rate, CC depth and CC release, were assessed automatically by the ReusciAnne manikin. The remaining two, related to arms and body position, were annotated manually by the research team. We trained five neural networks for classifying each of the five indicators. The results of the experiment show that multimodal data can provide accurate mistake detection as compared to the ResusciAnne manikin baseline. We also show that the Multimodal Tutor for CPR can detect additional CPR training mistakes such as the correct use of arms and body weight. Thus far, these mistakes were identified only by human instructors. Finally, to investigate user feedback in the future implementations of the Multimodal Tutor for CPR, we conducted a questionnaire to collect valuable feedback aspects of CPR training.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Peso Corporal , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Instrução por Computador/instrumentação , Curadoria de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Educação Médica/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Manequins , Postura , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tórax
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e15995, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International resuscitation guidelines emphasize the importance of high quality chest compressions, including correct chest compression depth and rate and complete chest recoil. The aim of the study was to assess the role of the TrueCPR device in the process of teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation in nursing students. METHODS: A prospective randomized experimental study was performed among 94 first year students of nursing. On the next day, the participants were divided into 2 groups-the control group practiced chest compressions without the use of any device for half an hour, and the experimental group practiced with the use of TrueCPR. Further measurement of chest compressions was performed after a month. RESULTS: The chest compression rate achieved the value of 113 versus 126 (P < .001), adequate chest compression rate (%) was 86 versus 68 (P < .001), full chest release (%) 92 versus 69 (P = .001), and correct hand placement (%) 99 versus 99 (P, not significant) in TrueCPR and standard BLS groups, respectively. As for the assessment of the confidence of chest compression quality, 1 month after the training, the evaluation in the experimental group was statistically significantly higher (91 vs 71; P < .001) than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training with the use of the TrueCPR device is associated with better resuscitation skills 1 month after the training. The participants using TrueCPR during the training achieved a better chest compression rate and depth with in international recommendations and better full chest release percentage and self-assessed confidence of chest compression quality comparing with standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation training.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Massagem Cardíaca/instrumentação , Massagem Cardíaca/normas , Humanos , Manequins , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudantes de Enfermagem
12.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 957-961, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005813

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento dos acadêmicos da escola da saúde de uma universidade privada sobre o atendimento de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar no suporte básico de vida. Método: Estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em uma universidade privada com 276 estudantes dos cursos de enfermagem, educação física, fisioterapia e nutrição que responderam a um questionário sobre o tema. Resultados: Constatou-se que os alunos entrevistados, em geral, obtiveram desempenho razoável sobre o conhecimento de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar. Destacaram-se os alunos do curso de enfermagem que apresentaram melhor correlação positiva de 0,8658, bem próximo do indicador 1, que representa uma correlação forte, seguidos dos alunos de fisioterapia com 0,2406. Conclusão: Foi possível identificar que apenas os alunos de dois cursos obtiveram desempenho significativo, tendo em vista que esse é um conhecimento essencial em suas profissões


Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of the academics of the health school of a private university about the care of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in basic life support. Method: Descriptive study, with a quantitative approach, carried out in a private university with 276 students from the nursing, physical education, physiotherapy and nutrition courses who answered a questionnaire on the subject. Results: It was found that the interviewed students, in general, obtained a reasonable performance on the knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Nursing students with a better positive correlation of 0.8658, close to indicator 1, showed a strong correlation, followed by physical therapy students with 0.2406. Conclusion: It was possible to identify that only the students of two courses obtained significant performance, considering that this is an essential knowledge in their professions


Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los académicos de la escuela de salud de una universidad privada sobre la atención de la resucitación cardiopulmonar en el soporte básico de la vida. Método: Estudio descriptivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en una universidad privada con 276 estudiantes de los cursos de enfermería, educación física, fisioterapia y nutrición que respondieron a un cuestionario sobre el tema. Resultados: Se constató que los alumnos entrevistados, en general, obtuvieron desempeño razonable sobre el conocimiento de la resucitación cardiopulmonar. Se destacaron los alumnos del curso de enfermería que presentaron mejor correlación positiva de 0,8658, muy cerca del indicador 1, que representa una correlación fuerte, seguidos de los alumnos de fisioterapia con 0,2406. Conclusión: Fue posible identificar que sólo los alumnos de dos cursos obtuvieron desempeño significativo, teniendo en cuenta que ese es un conocimiento esencial en sus profesiones


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Fisioterapia/educação , Educação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Nutrição em Saúde Pública/educação
13.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 38: 40-44, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176242

RESUMO

Education and training about Basic Life Support is necessary for different medical groups such as nurses. Different teaching methods have been developed to preserve essential medical information, knowledge and skills. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of concept map-based and lecture-based teaching methods on the level of nursing students' learning in Basic Life Support. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2015 on 57 nursing students from a nursing school in Tehran. Students were selected by census and then divided into lecture (n = 29) and concept map groups (n = 28) by random allocation. The effect of education on knowledge (before, immediately after, one week after and one month after session) and practice (before and immediately after session) was studied. No significant differences were found between the mean scores of knowledge and practice before intervention (P > 0.05). After intervention the mean scores of knowledge were not statistically significant between the two groups (P > 0.05) but mean scores of practice were significantly higher in the concept map group (P = 0.03). In achieving skill and practice goals, it seems that the concept map-based teaching method was more effective than the lecture method.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Ensino/normas , Análise de Variância , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino/psicologia , Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Allied Health ; 48(2): e53-e59, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is most effective when delivered as an experiential continuum. When to initiate IPE to undergraduate college students is unclear. This pilot project developed, implemented, and evaluated an IPE modular project introducing Interprofessional Communication and Teams and Teamwork IPE competencies to first-year allied health professions undergraduate students. METHODS: Students (n=127) were divided into two groups such that five different health science majors were represented in each. One group participated in an experiential 4-part IPE modular program, and one did not. Module components consisted of: a) an online IPE component; b) structured in-class IPE activities and discussion; c) an IPE CPR training course emphasizing communication, conflict resolution, and collaborative practice techniques; and d) an IPE CPR simulation with reflective debriefing session. Both groups' self-efficacy and confidence regarding targeted Interprofessional Communication and Teams and Teamwork IPE competencies were assessed at the same timepoints pre- and post-module using standardized Likert scale surveys. RESULTS: Results indicated a positive impact on modular group students' perception of changes in their interprofessional knowledge and skills compared with non-modular group students such that post-module students' self-efficacy and confidence ratings were both significantly higher. CONCLUSIONS: First-year allied health professions undergraduates benefit from experiential IPE targeting foundational communication and teamwork skills.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Relações Interprofissionais , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/organização & administração , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Autoeficácia , Fatores de Tempo
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 180, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Performance of sufficient cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by medical personnel is critical to improve outcomes during cardiac arrest. It has however been shown that even health care professionals possess a lack of knowledge and skills in CPR performance. The optimal method for teaching CPR remains unclear, and data that compares traditional CPR instructional methods with newer modalities of CPR instruction are needed. We therefore conducted a single blinded, randomised study involving medical students in order to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of a classical CPR education compared with a bilateral approach to CPR training, consisting of problem-based learning (PBL) plus high fidelity simulation. METHODS: One hundred twelve medical students were randomized during a curricular anaesthesiology course to a control (n = 54) and an intervention (n = 58) group. All participants were blinded to group assignment and partook in a 30-min-lecture on CPR basics. Subsequently, the control group participated in a 90-min tutor-guided CPR hands-on-training. The intervention group took part in a 45-min theoretical PBL module followed by 45 min of high fidelity simulated CPR training. The rate of participants recognizing clinical cardiac arrest followed by sufficiently performed CPR was the primary outcome parameter of this study. CPR performance was evaluated after the intervention. In addition, a follow-up evaluation was conducted after 6 months. RESULTS: 51.9% of the intervention group met the criteria of sufficiently performed CPR as compared to only 12.5% in the control group on the day of the intervention (p = 0.007). Hands-off-time as a marker for CPR continuity was significantly less in the intervention group (24.0%) as compared to the control group (28.3%, p = 0.007, Hedges' g = 1.55). At the six-month follow-up, hands-off-time was still significantly lower in the intervention group (23.7% vs. control group: 31.0%, p = 0.006, Hedges' g = 1.88) but no significant difference in sufficiently performed CPR was detected (intervention group: 71.4% vs. control group: 54.5%, p = 0.55). CONCLUSION: PBL combined with high fidelity simulation training leads to a measurable short-term increase in initiating sufficient CPR by medical students immediately after training as compared to classical education. At six month post instruction, these differences remained only partially.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Treinamento com Simulação de Alta Fidelidade/métodos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Competência Clínica , Educação Médica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
16.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(3): 300-305, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246511

RESUMO

Basic life support (BLS) knowledge is a necessity for nursing students, as they have to deal with cardiac arrest events during their professional career. Existing studies indicate poor BLS knowledge among health science students, including nursing students. Learning BLS requires an understanding of basic sciences, such as anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, subjects perceived to be difficult, resulting in misconceptions. Hence, a multimedia-aided instruction on BLS, supplemented with cooperating learning groups, was developed to assist nursing students in gaining correct BLS knowledge. A pretest-posttest designed for single cooperating groups was employed to evaluate students' achievements. Sixty-five undergraduate nursing students took the pretest and posttest that consisted of 10 open-ended questions, each designed to evaluate an aspect of their BLS knowledge. The results show significantly more students (60 vs. 20%) answered more questions correctly on the posttest compared with the pretest (P value <0.05, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Thus the multimedia-aided instruction package enhanced undergraduate nursing students' understanding of BLS and also assisted to generate a positive perception of multimedia-aided instructions, supplemented with a cooperating learning group.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Multimídia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos
17.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(3): 185-188, jun. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182729

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar la formación en soporte vital básico (SVB), en horario escolar, de alumnos de primero de la enseñanza secundaria obligatoria (ESO) por sus propios profesores y su resultado a los seis meses. Método: Estudio observacional prospectivo, con análisis pre y postintervención a los seis meses. Se impartieron cursos de SVB según las recomendaciones del European Resuscitation Council a los profesores y estos a sus alumnos. Los exámenes teóricos y prácticos fueron realizados por los profesores. Resultados: Se formaron 62 profesores que instruyeron a 1.043 alumnos. Hubo un aumento significativo de los conocimientos teóricos [de 4,42 (DE 1,64) a 7,28 (1,85), p < 0,001] aunque descendió a los seis meses [5,15 (3,16), p < 0,001]. Las habilidades prácticas también se mantuvieron a los seis meses, aunque con mayor dificultad las relacionadas con la vía aérea. Conclusiones: La formación en SVB de escolares de primero de la ESO realizada por sus propios profesores en horario modificó la actitud de los escolares ante una posible parada cardiaca y logró un aprendizaje de las técnicas que desciende a los 6 meses


Objective: To assess first-year secondary-school students' knowledge and performance of basic life support (BLS) 6 months after training given by their regular teachers during school hours. Method: Prospective observational study comparing pre-intervention and 6-months post-intervention knowledge and performance. The teachers gave BLS classes according to the guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council and also supervised the tests of BLS knowledge and performance. Results: Sixty-two teachers were trained in BLS instruction. They then instructed 1043 students. The students' knowledge increased significantly from mean (SD) scores of 4.42 (1.64) to 7.28 (1.85) (P< .001) and was maintained at 6 months (mean score, 5.15 [3.16]; P<.001). Performance skills were also maintained at 6 months, although the students had greater difficulty attaining ventilation targets. Conclusions: Teachers' training of their own first-year secondary students during regular school hours led to changes in the students' attitudes toward the possibility of cardiac arrest and to the learning of BLS techniques


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Sistemas de Manutenção da Vida , Educação/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Parada Cardíaca/reabilitação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Estudos Prospectivos , Medicina de Emergência/educação
18.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(3): 189-194, jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182730

RESUMO

Se analiza la experiencia de un proyecto educativo de reanimación cardiopulmonar básica (RCPB) en un centro escolar valorando si es viable, efectivo y perdurable en el tiempo. Se trata de un proyecto desarrollado en un centro de enseñanza concertada de educación infantil (EI), primaria (EP) y secundaria (ESO), ubicado en un concejo muy poblado de Asturias, de más de 80.000 habitantes, en tres fases: 1) formación de maestros por personal sanitario y diseño conjunto del proyecto; 2) formación de escolares por personal sanitario, y 3) formación de niños por sus profesores. Se incluyeron todos los alumnos matriculados en el colegio en EI y EP (3 a 12 años). La formación impartida siguió las recomendaciones ILCOR (International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation) 2005, vigentes en aquel momento. En la fase 1 (año 2006) 19 profesores (79,2% de la plantilla) recibieron formación en RCPB y diseñaron con el personal sanitario los objetivos y material a emplear para cada curso. En la fase 2 (2006-2011) el personal sanitario formó a 646 escolares de EI y EP, y acreditó a 13 maestros (54,2% de la plantilla) para utilizar un DEA y como monitores de RCPB. En la fase 3 (2012-2014) 7 maestros formaron a 703 alumnos de EI, EP y ESO; 17 profesores (70,8% de la plantilla) recibieron cursos de monitor de RCPB y reciclajes DEA. En total recibieron formación en RCPB 1.349 niños entre 3 y 15 años. Desde el año 2011, el colegio cuenta con un DEA. Los profesores han mejorado el proyecto incorporando nuevos materiales, adelantado objetivos y extendiéndolo a los alumnos de ESO. La implantación de un proyecto educativo en RCPB en un colegio de enseñanza concertada de EI, EP y ESO de Asturias fue viable y ha perdurado. El profesorado ha mejorado el proyecto y lo ha extendido a los alumnos de secundaria, difundiendo la RCPB en medios de comunicación locales y en su página web, creando una cultura de la RCPB y acercándola a toda la comunidad


This project analyzed the feasibility, effectiveness, and sustainability of an educational project to teach cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This project has been carried out in a publicly subsidized school in a town in Asturias, Spain (population, over 80 000 inhabitants). The enrollment included students in preschool and both primary and secondary education classes. The project had 3 phases: 1) health care experts trained the teachers in CPR and they designed the educational project together; 2) health care experts taught CPR to schoolchildren, and 3) teachers taught CPR to the children. All the children enrolled in preschool and primary school (aged 3 to 12 years) initially participated in the study. Training followed the 2005 guidelines of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) in effect at the time of the study. In the first phase (2006), 19 teachers (79.2% of the faculty) were trained in basic CPR and collaborated with the health care professionals in designing the course, including setting its objectives and developing materials. In the second phase (2006-2011), the health care professionals trained 646 preschool and primary school children and accredited 13 teachers (54.2% of the faculty) in the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) and to serve as CPR instructional monitors. In the third phase (2012-2014), 7 teachers trained 703 preschool and primary and secondary school students, and 17 teachers (70.8% of the faculty) received training to become CPR monitors and/or to update their knowledge of AED use. A total of 1349 students between the ages of 3 and 15 years received instruction in CPR. The school has had an AED on its premises since 2011. The teachers have made further improvements in the courses, incorporating new teaching materials, updating the objectives, and extending instruction to secondary school students. The implementation of an educational program to teach CPR in a school that enrolls preschool through secondary school students was feasible and sustainable. Teachers have improved the program, extended it to secondary school students, and made the project known in the local media and on the school's web site, thus contributing to the creation of a CPR culture that reached out to the community


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Projetos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Parada Cardíaca/reabilitação , Capacitação de Professores , Educação/métodos , Primeiros Socorros/métodos
19.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(3): 155-169, mayo-jun. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182904

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer el fenómeno de la reanimación cardiopulmonar captando los significados que los profesionales le dan a la conducta de reanimar y su relación con la teoría social cognitiva. Método: Investigación cualitativa de enfoque fenomenológico, centrada en el trabajo de campo con un grupo focal de profesionales de Madrid (médicos, enfermeras y técnicos), así como los resultados de un estudio anterior. Tras la transcripción de los datos, se codificaron, se formaron categorías y se agruparon en dimensiones, interpretándolos de acuerdo con la teoría social cognitiva. Se contó con datos de otras fuentes, experiencia de profesionales y familiares que han presenciado una reanimación cardiopulmonar, hasta llegar a la saturación de los datos. Resultados: Se exploraron de forma holística los fenómenos que afectan a las personas implicadas en una reanimación cardiopulmonar. Se identificaron los aspectos relevantes para sentirse capaces de realizar una reanimación cardiopulmonar, así como aquellos que pueden obstaculizar la conducta. Se encontraron 2dimensiones, factores personales y situacionales, así como varias categorías en cada dimensión que están en relación con la teoría de la autoeficacia de Bandura. Conclusiones: La autoeficacia del profesional en una reanimación cardiopulmonar no depende solo de las competencias técnicas adquiridas. Los factores personales y situacionales influyen cognitiva y emocionalmente en el profesional, pudiendo variar su conducta. En la práctica clínica y docente, permite mejorar las competencias de reanimación cardiopulmonar y diseñar programas de formación individualizados


Aim: To gain a deeper knowledge of the phenomenon of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by capturing the meanings that professionals attach to the behaviour of reanimation and its relationship with Social Cognitive Theory. Method: Qualitative research from a phenomenological approach focussing on field work with a focus group of professionals from Madrid (doctors, nurses and technicians), as well as a previous study. After the transcription of the data, it was coded, categories were formed and it was grouped into dimensions, interpreting the data according to the Social Cognitive Theory. Data was collected from other sources, experience of professionals and family members who had witnessed a cardiopulmonary resuscitation, until the saturation of the data. Results: The phenomena that affect the people involved in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation were explored holistically. The relevant aspects to feel able to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, as well as those that may hinder the behaviour were identified. Two dimensions were found, personal and situational factors, as well as several categories in each dimension related to Bandura's theory of self-efficacy. Conclusions: Professionals' self-efficacy in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation does not always depend on the technical skills acquired. Personal and situational factors influence the professional being able to vary their behaviour cognitively and emotionally. This knowledge enables cardiopulmonary resuscitation competencies in a clinical situation to be improved and individualized training programmes to be designed in teaching practice


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Competência Clínica , Autoeficácia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Médicos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Técnica Delfos , Emoções , Conhecimento , Pensamento
20.
R I Med J (2013) ; 102(4): 23-29, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a device-assisted out- of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resuscitation approach on provider performance during simulated transport. METHODS: BLS and ALS providers were randomized into control and experimental teams. Subjects were fitted with wireless heart rate (HR) monitors. Control teams simulated with standard protocols and equipment; experimental teams with resuscitation-automating devices and goal-directed protocols. Chest compression quality, pulmonary ventilation, defibrillation, and medication administration tasks were monitored; subjects' HR's were continuously recorded. RESULTS: Ten control and ten experimental teams completed the study (20 EMT-B's; 1 EMT-I, 8 EMT-C's, 11 EMT-P's) with similar resting HR's and age-predicted maximal HR's (mHR). All exhibited suboptimal in-transit resuscitation quality during initial simulations; HR did not differ significantly between the groups. Experimental teams exhibited improved chest compression and ventilation quality during transport along with lower subject HR. CONCLUSION: OHCA resuscitation automation improved the in-simulation quality of critical in-transit tasks and reduced provider exertion.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Frequência Cardíaca , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Esforço Físico , Treinamento por Simulação , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Auxiliares de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA