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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18606, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876763

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to examine the association between vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) rs11941492 C/T polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk in an eastern Chinese Han population. We examined VEGFR2 rs11941492 C/T polymorphism in 615 RA patients and 839 controls in an East Chinese Han population. The power analysis was used for evaluating the reliability of the results. Genotyping was performed using a custom-by-design 48-Plex single nucleotide polymorphism scan Kit. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression.Our results indicated that VEGFR2 rs11941492 C/T polymorphism (TT vs CC, P = .012, OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.41-0.89; TT vs CT + CC, P = .017, OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.43-0.92) was associated with a significantly decreased risk of RA. The power analysis showed that this study had a power of 98.5% to detect the effect of rs11941492 C/T polymorphism on RA susceptibility, assuming an OR of 0.61. After stratification analysis, a decreased risk of RA was associated with VEGFR2 rs11941492 TT genotype (TT vs CC) among female patients (TT vs CC, P = .007, OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.33-0.84), older patients (Yr ≥55) (TT vs CC, P = .039, OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.35-0.97), C-reactive protein-positive patients, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody-negative patients, rheumatoid factor-positive patients (TT vs CT + CC, P = .015, OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.39-0.90), functional class III + IV patients, patients with a DAS28 of ≥3.20, and those with an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of <25. However, our results were obtained from only a moderate-sized sample. Studies with larger sample sizes in other ethnic populations are needed to confirm these results. The VEGFR2 rs11941492 genotype is associated with decreased susceptibility to RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances
2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5496197, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583245

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors (VEGFR1 and VEGFR2) bind VEGF-A with high affinity. This study sought to determine the relative contributions of these two receptors to receptor-mediated endocytosis of VEGF-A and to clarify their endocytic itineraries in rat liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). Methods: Isolated LSECs and radiolabeled VEGF-A were used to examine surface binding and receptor-mediated endocytosis. Quantitative real time RT-PCR (Q-RT-PCR) and Western blotting were applied to demonstrate receptor expression. Results: Q-RT-PCR analysis showed that VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 mRNA were expressed in LSECs. Ligand saturation analysis at 4°C indicated two different classes of [125I]-VEGFA binding sites on LSECs with apparent dissociation constants of 8 and 210 pM. At 37°C, LSECs efficiently took up and degraded [125I]-VEGF-A for at least 2 hours. Uptake of [125I]-VEGF-A by LSECs was blocked by dynasore that inhibits dynamin-dependent internalization, whereas inhibition of cysteine proteases by leupeptin inhibited degradation without affecting the uptake of [125I]-VEGF-A, suggesting that it is degraded following transport to lysosomes. Incubation of LSECs in the continued presence of a saturating concentration of unlabeled VEGF-A at 37°C was associated with a loss of as much as 75% of the total VEGFR2 within 30 min as shown by Western blot analysis, whereas there was no appreciable decrease in protein levels for VEGFR1 after 120 min incubation, suggesting that VEGF-A stimulation downregulates VEGFR2, but not VEGFR1, in LSECs. This possibility was supported by the observation that a hexapeptide that specifically blocks VEGF-A binding to VEGFR1 caused a marked reduction in the uptake of [125I]-VEGF-A, whereas a control peptide had no effect. Finally, live cell imaging studies using a fluorescently labeled anti-VEGFR2 antibody showed that VEGFR2 was transported via early and late endosomes to reach endolysosomes where degradation of the VEGFR2 takes place. Conclusion: Our studies suggest that, subsequent to VEGF-A binding and internalization, the unoccupied VEGFR1 may recycle to the cell surface allowing its reutilization, whereas the majority of the internalized VEGFR2 is targeted for degradation.


Assuntos
Fígado/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Animais , Membrana Celular/genética , Endocitose/genética , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
3.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(10): e8324, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596310

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of kinase-insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) in intrauterine adhesions (IUA) and its mechanism. The Case group consisted of 92 patients diagnosed with IUA, and the Control group included 86 patients with uterine septum who had normal endometrium verified with an uteroscope. In addition, 50 rats were randomly assigned into Control, Sham, Model, NC-siRNA, and KDR-siRNA groups. Rats in the Model, NC-siRNA, and KDR-siRNA groups were induced by uterine curettage and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment to establish the IUA model. Then, immunohistochemistry was applied for detection of VEGF and KDR expression, HE staining was used for observation of the endometrial morphology and gland counting, Masson staining for measurement of the degree of endometrial fibrosis, and qRT-PCR and western blot for the expression of KDR, VEGF, MMP-9, as well as TGF-ß1/Smads pathway-related proteins. Compared with the Control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of KDR were significantly higher in IUA endometrial tissues, and the expression of KDR was positively correlated to the severity of IUA. In addition, the injection of si-KDR increased the number of endometrial glands, reduced the area of fibrosis, inhibited mRNA and protein expression of KDR and VEGF, up-regulated the expression of MMP-9 and Smad7, and decreased the expression level of TGF-ß1, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, and Smad4 in rats with IUA. Highly-expressed KDR was related to patients' severity of IUA, and silencing KDR may prevent the occurrence and development of IUA via TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway and up-regulating the expression of MMP-9.


Assuntos
Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Aderências Teciduais/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Doenças Uterinas/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Western Blotting , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Proteínas Smad/genética , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Doenças Uterinas/patologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto Jovem
4.
Mol Biotechnol ; 61(11): 860-872, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531759

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is a biological process finely tuned by a plethora of pro- and anti-angiogenic molecules, among which vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs). Their biological activity is expressed through the interaction with three cognate receptor tyrosine kinases, VEGFR1, 2, and 3. VEGFR2 is the primary regulator of angiogenesis. Ligand-induced VEGFR2 dimerization and activation depend on direct ligand binding to extracellular domains 2 and 3 of receptor and in the establishment of interactions between proximal membrane domains. VEGFR2 domain 7 has been shown to play a crucial role in receptor dimerization and regulation, therefore, representing a convenient target for the allosteric modulation of VEGFR2 activity. The ability to prepare a functional VEGFR2D7 domain represents the starting point to the development of novel VEGFR2 binders acting as allosteric inhibitors of receptor activity. Here, we describe a robust and efficient procedure for the preparation in E. coli of the VEGFR2 domain 7. The protein was obtained with a good yield and was properly folded. It was investigated in a biochemical and structural study, providing information on its conformational arrangement and in solution properties.


Assuntos
Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/biossíntese , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Regulação Alostérica , Dicroísmo Circular , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Espalhamento de Radiação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/isolamento & purificação
5.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(3): 1078-1090, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524227

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the possible mechanisms by which hypertonic saline (HS) effectively ameliorates cerebral oedema via the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2)­mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway of endothelial cells in rats. A middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in Sprague­Dawley rats and an oxygen­glucose deprivation (OGD) model in cells were used in the present study. Evans blue (EB) staining and a horseradish peroxidase flux assay were performed to evaluate the protective effect of 10% HS on the blood­brain barrier (BBB). The expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGFR2, zonula occludens 1 (ZO1) and occludin were quantified. The results demonstrated that 10% HS effectively reduced EB extravasation in the peri­ischaemic brain tissue. At 24 h after MCAO, the protein expression levels of VEGF and VEGFR2 in the peri­ischaemic brain tissue were downregulated following treatment with 10% HS. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the permeability of a monolayer endothelial cell barrier was decreased significantly following HS treatment. In addition, VEGF and VEGFR2 protein expression levels were increased in endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions, but that effect was suppressed by HS treatment. Furthermore, HS inhibited the downregulation of ZO1 and occludin effectively, possibly through the VEGFR2/phospholipase C γ1 (PLCγ1)/eNOS signalling pathway. In conclusion, 10% HS may alleviate cerebral oedema through reducing ischaemia­induced BBB permeability, as a consequence of inhibiting VEGFR2/PLCγ1/eNOS­mediated downregulation of ZO1 and occludin.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Solução Salina Hipertônica/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Permeabilidade , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111695, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541868

RESUMO

As for complex brain diseases involved with multiple pathogenic factors, it is extremely difficult to achieve curative effect by acting on a single target. Multi-approach drugs provide a promising prospect in the treatment of complex brain diseases and have been attracting more and more interest. Enlightened by synergetic effect of combination in traditional herb medicines, forty-two novel cinnamic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized by introducing capsaicin and/or ligustrazine moieties to enhance biological activities in both neurological function and neurovascular protection. Elevated levels of cell viability on human brain microvascular endothelium cell line (HBMEC-2) and human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) against free radical injury were observed in most of compounds. Among them, compound 14a exhibited the most potent activities with a significant EC50 value of 3.26 ±â€¯0.16 µM (HBMEC-2) and 2.41 ±â€¯0.10 µM (SH-SY5Y). Subsequently, the results of morphological staining and flow cytometry analysis experiments on both cell lines showed that 14a had the potential to block apoptosis, maintain cell morphological integrity and protect physiological function of mitochondria. Moreover, 14a displayed specific angiogenesis effect in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay; and the results of RT-PCR suggested that the mechanism for angiogenesis effect was associated with the enhancement of the expressions of VEGFR2 mRNA in chick embryo. Preliminary structure-activity relationship was analyzed. The above evidences suggested that conjunctures gained by combining active ingredients in traditional herb medicines deserved further study and might provide references in discovering dual-effective lead compounds for brain diseases.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Indutores da Angiogênese/síntese química , Indutores da Angiogênese/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Capsaicina/química , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/síntese química , Cinamatos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirazinas/química , Pirazinas/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
7.
Tumour Biol ; 41(9): 1010428319872092, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486713

RESUMO

Angiogenesis, induced by the vascular endothelial growth factor A through its ligation to the vascular endothelial growth receptor 2, has been described as a crucial point in high-grade glioma development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of VEGFA-2578C/A, -2489C/T, -1154G/A, -634G/C, and -460C/T, and KDR-604T/C, -271G/A, +1192G/A, and +1719A/T single-nucleotide polymorphisms on risk and clinicopathological aspects of high-grade glioma. This case-control study enrolled 205 high-grade glioma patients and 205 controls. Individuals with VEGFA-2578 CC or CA, VEGFA-1154 GG, VEGFA-634 GC or CC, and VEGFA-460 CT or TT genotypes were under 2.56, 1.53, 1.54, and 1.84 increased risks of high-grade glioma, compared to others, respectively. And 1.61, 2.66, 2.52, 2.53, and 2.02 increased risks of high-grade glioma were seen in individuals with VEGFA-2578 CC plus VEGFA-1154 GG, VEGFA-2578 CC or CA plus VEGFA-634 GC or CC, VEGFA-2578 CC or CA plus VEGFA-460 CT or TT, VEGFA-1154 GG or GA plus VEGFA-634 GC or CC, and VEGFA 634 GC or CC plus VEGFA-460 CT or TT combined genotypes, respectively, when compared to others. The "CAGT" haplotype of KDR single-nucleotide polymorphisms was more common in patients with grade IV than in those with grade III tumors, and individuals carrying this haplotype were at 1.76 increased risk of developing grade IV tumors than others. We present, for the first time, preliminary evidence that VEGFA-2578C/A and VEGFA-1154G/A single-nucleotide polymorphisms increases high-grade glioma risk, and "CAGT" haplotype of the KDR gene alters high-grade glioma aggressiveness and risk of grade IV tumors in Brazil.


Assuntos
Glioma/genética , Haplótipos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370204

RESUMO

Some polyphenols have been shown to inhibit, at physiological levels, the VEGF-induced VEGF receptor-2 signaling that causes angiogenesis, allegedly by direct interaction with VEGF and reducing the binding to its receptor VEGFR2. Surface plasmon resonance was used to measure the parameters of binding between VEGF and polyphenols as well as the nature of the interactions by assessing the effect of physico-chemical changes in the solution. CD spectrometry was used to determine any change in the secondary structure of the protein upon binding. The kinetic parameters (ka, kd, and KD) that characterise the binding to VEGF were measured for both inhibitor and non-inhibitor polyphenolic molecules. The effect of changes in the physico-chemical conditions of the solution where the binding occurred indicated that the nature of the interactions between VEGF and EGCG was predominantly of a hydrophobic nature. CD studies suggested that a change in the secondary structure of the protein occurred upon binding. Direct interaction and binding between VEGF and polyphenol molecules acting as inhibitors of the signaling of VEGFR2 has been measured for the first time. The binding between VEGF and EGCG seemed to be based on hydrophobic interactions and caused a change in the secondary structure of the protein.


Assuntos
Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Polifenóis/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/química , Catequina/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicroísmo Circular , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
9.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(4): 1366-1376, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432097

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) are associated with coronary artery disease, hypertension and myocardial infarction. However, their association with atherosclerosis remains to be fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether SNPs are involved in atherogenesis, by analyzing their impact on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under laminar and non­uniform shear stress in a well­established in vitro model that simulates shear stress­induced proatherogenic processes at vessel bifurcations. All experiments were performed using freshly isolated HUVECs. Three SNPs in the VEGFR2 gene (rs1870377 T>A, rs2071559 A>G and rs2305948 C>T) were genotyped and the expression levels of VEGFR2 were semi­quantitatively determined using western blotting. Subsequently, the HUVECs were seeded in bifurcating flow­through cell culture slides and flow (9.6 ml/min) was applied for 19 h, including tumor necrosis factor­α stimulation during the final 2 h of flow. The protein expression levels of VCAM­1, E­selectin and VEGFR2 and the adhesion of THP­1 cells were analyzed in laminar and non­uniform shear stress regions. Data were analyzed for associations with the respective SNPs. The total expression of VEGFR2 was significantly lower under non­uniform shear stress than under laminar shear stress conditions, independent of the genotype. The expression of VEGFR2 between the different shear stress patterns was not significantly altered by the different SNPs. The expression levels of VCAM­1 and E­selectin were lower in the A/A genotype compared with those in other genotypes in rs1870377 T>A and rs2071559 A>G. In conclusion, the results suggested that SNPs within the VEGFR2 gene have a significant impact on shear stress­related endothelial activation.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Alelos , Biomarcadores , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/genética , Adesão Celular , Células Cultivadas , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
10.
Future Oncol ; 15(22): 2571-2576, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407939

RESUMO

Fruquintinib is a potent, highly selective and orally active inhibitor of VEGFR1, 2, 3 tyrosine kinases. It inhibits VEGF-induced VEGFR2 phosphorylation, endothelial cell proliferation and tubule formation. Currently, it has been approved for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer in patients who have failed at least two prior systemic antineoplastic therapies in China. However, it is not approved outside China, and there is another similar small molecular VEGFR multitarget drug approved in China, USA, Europe, etc. Here, we summarize the mechanism characteristics and clinical development of fruquintinib supporting its use in the treatment of metastastic colorectal cancer as well as explorations in other tumor types.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , China , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
11.
Gene ; 717: 144047, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathways play important roles in the formation of the blood vascular system and nervous system across animal phyla. We have earlier reported VEGF and FGF from Hydra vulgaris Ind-Pune, a cnidarian with a defined body axis, an organized nervous system and a remarkable ability of regeneration. We have now identified three more components of VEGF and FGF signaling pathways from hydra. These include FGF-1, FGF receptor 1 (FGFR-1) and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) with a view to deciphering their possible roles in regeneration. METHODS: In silico analysis of proteins was performed using Clustal omega, Swiss model, MEGA 7.0, etc. Gene expression was studied by whole mount in situ hybridization. VEGF and FGF signaling was inhibited using specific pharmacological inhibitors and their effects on head regeneration were studied. RESULTS: Expression patterns of the genes indicate a possible interaction between FGF-1 and FGFR-1 and also VEGF and VEGFR-2. Upon treatment of decapitated hydra with pharmacological inhibitor of FGFR-1 or VEGFR-2 for 48 h, head regeneration was delayed in treated as compared to untreated, control regenerates. When we studied the expression of head specific genes HyBra1 and HyKs1 and tentacle specific gene HyAlx in control and treated regenerates using whole mount in situ hybridization, expression of all the three genes was found to be adversely affected in treated regenerates. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that VEGF and FGF signaling play important roles in regeneration of hypostome and tentacles in hydra.


Assuntos
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Cabeça/fisiologia , Hydra/fisiologia , Regeneração/fisiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/química , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hydra/efeitos dos fármacos , Indóis/farmacologia , Domínios Proteicos , Pirróis/farmacologia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/química , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Homologia Estrutural de Proteína , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
12.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(3): 199-203, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression and relationship of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) in local skin tissues of pressure injury and investigate the possible mechanism of stage 3 pressure injury refractory wound. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, compressed 3 d, 5 d, 7 d, and 9 d groups. Stage 3 pressure injury animal model were established by magnet compression. The morphology of skin was observed by HE staining. The expression of VEGF was detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGF and KDR protein in skin tissue were detected by Western blot. One-way analysis of variance and LSD test were performed on the data. RESULTS: ①The HE results showed that compared with the normal control group, the epidermis of the compressed group was gradually thickened, the number of blood vessels was decreased, the collagen arrangement disordered and inflammatory cells infiltration were increased. ②Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of VEGF protein in the 3 d group was significantly higher than that in the normal control group (P<0.01). The expression of VEGF protein in the skin tissue of 5 d, 7 d and 9 d groups was lower than that in normal control group (P<0.05). WB results were consistent with immunohistochemistry results. ③WB results showed that the expression of HIF-1α in the skin tissues of the rats in 3 d, 5 d and 7 d groups was higher than that in the normal control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The expression of KDR protein was lower than that of the normal control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: HIF-1α mediated reduction of VEGF and KDR protein expression and decreased tissue angiogenesis may be one of the important causes of chronic dysfunction of stage 3 pressure injury.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Pressão/efeitos adversos , Pele/lesões , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
13.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(10): 860-865, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some previous studies explored associations between vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) polymorphisms and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), with conflicting findings. HYPOTHESIS: We thought that VEGFR2 polymorphisms may influence susceptibility to ASCVD. Here, we aimed to better analyze the relationship between VEGFR2 polymorphisms and ASCVD in a larger combined population by performing a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science for related articles. We calculated odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to estimate whether there are genetic associations between VEGFR2 polymorphisms and ASCVD. RESULTS: Ten studies were included for this meta-analysis (5474 cases and 8584 controls). VEGFR2 rs1870377 (dominant comparison: 0.81 (0.73-0.89), I2 = 56%; recessive comparison: 1.40 (1.25-1.57), I2 = 34%; allele comparison: 0.81 (0.76-0.87), I2 = 0%), rs2071559 (dominant comparison: 0.83 (0.76-0.91), I2 = 0%; recessive comparison: 1.22 (1.07-1.38), I2 = 0%; allele comparison: 0.86 (0.81-0.92), I2 = 0%) and rs2305948 (dominant comparison: 0.79 (0.72-0.87), I2 = 25%; recessive comparison: 1.44 (1.08-1.92), I2 = 60%; allele comparison: 0.79 (0.68-0.92), I2 = 73%) polymorphisms were all found to be significantly associated with susceptibility to ASCVD in general population. Subgroup analyses by type of disease revealed similar significant findings for rs1870377, rs2071559, and rs2305948 polymorphisms in coronary artery disease (CAD) subgroup. Besides, positive results were also found for rs1870377 polymorphism in ischemic stroke (IS) subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this meta-analysis proved that these VEGFR2 polymorphisms could be used to identify individual with elevated susceptibility to ASCVD.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Humanos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8855-8867, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343893

RESUMO

Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) is a precious seafood in the market. It has been reported that biological active substances derived from abalone have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-thrombosis potential. However, there were few studies to assess whether they have anti-cancer potential. In this study, we evaluated the anti-metastasis and anti-pro-angiogenic factors and mechanism of action of boiled abalone byproduct peptide (BABP, EMDEAQDPSEW) in human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The results demonstrated that BABP treatment significantly lowers migration and the invasion of HT1080 cells and HUVECs. BABP inhibits phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and activity by blocking mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and NF-κB signaling and hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α accumulation through suppressing the AKT/mTOR signal pathway. BABP treatment inhibits VEGF-induced VEGFR-2 expression and tube formation in HUVECs. The effect of BABP on anti-metastatic and anti-vascular activity in HT1080 cells and HUVECs revealed that BABP may be a potential pharmacophore for tumor therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Resíduos/análise , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Frutos do Mar/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
15.
Life Sci ; 233: 116685, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348947

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of laser irradiation on the growth factors and cell apoptosis of in vitro cultured infant hemangioma endothelial cells. MAIN METHODS: Endothelial cells of infant hemangioma were cultured in vitro and irradiated using a variable pulse width 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser and intense pulsed light (IPL), the expression of VEGF, VEGFR-2, bFGF and their mRNAs before and after irradiation were measured by ELISA, western blot, RT-PCR and flow cytometry, and changes in the apoptotic rate of endothelial cells in hemangioma were monitored. KEY FINDINGS: The mRNA and protein expressions of VEGF, VEGFR-2, bFGF in hemangioma endothelial cells were inhibited by both Nd:YAG laser and ILP compared to the control cells. The apoptotic rates of hemangioma endothelial cells were also decreased after both laser irradiation treatments in comparison to the blank group. The differences were statistically significant. SIGNIFICANCE: Laser irradiation treats hemangioma not only through a selective photothermal mechanism, but also through cytokine signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Células Endoteliais/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Hemangioma/metabolismo , Hemangioma/patologia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Hemangioma/radioterapia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Lactente , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
16.
Aquat Toxicol ; 214: 105224, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255847

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are distributed throughout the environment. Despite a moratorium on their use, concentrations of PBDEs in the atmosphere and in residential environments remain high due to their persistence. The environmental health risks remain concerning and one of the major adverse effects is neurodevelopmental toxicity. However, the early response and effects of PBDEs exposure on the developing brain remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the impacts of 2,2',4,4',5-pentabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-99) on vascular growth and vascular barrier function with an emphasis on cerebral blood vessels, in the early life stages, using a zebrafish model. No general toxicity was observed in exposing zebrafish larvae to 0-0.5 µM BDE-99 at 72 hpf. BDE-99 exposure resulted in neither general toxicity nor pronounced developmental impairment in somatic blood vessels, including intersegmental vessels (ISV) and common cardinal veins (CCV). Meanwhile, both 0.05 µM and 0.5 µM of BDE-99 reduced cerebrovascular density as well as down-regulation of VEGFA and VEGFR2 in the head. In addition, BDE-99 exposure increased vascular leakage, both in cerebral and truncal vasculature at 72 hpf. The accentuated vascular permeability was observed in the head. The mRNA levels of genes encoding tight junction molecules decreased in the BDE-99-exposed larvae, and more robust reductions in Cldn5, Zo1 and Jam were detected in the head than in the trunk. Moreover, proinflammatory factors including TNF-α, IL-1ß and ICAM-1 were induced, and the expression of neurodevelopment-related genes was suppressed in the head following BDE-99 exposure. Taken together, these results reveal that developmental exposure to BDE-99 impedes cerebrovascular growth and disturbs vascular barrier formation. The cerebral vasculature in developing zebrafish, a more sensitive target for BDE-99, may be a promising tool for the assessment of the early neurodevelopmental effects due to PBDEs exposure.


Assuntos
Vasos Sanguíneos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Ambiental , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/efeitos dos fármacos , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/genética
17.
Nutrients ; 11(5)2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121870

RESUMO

Gene-environment (G × E) interactions involving job stress and mental health on risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are minimally explored. This study examined the association and G × E interaction effects of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) gene polymorphisms (rs1870377, rs2071559) on cardiometabolic risk in Chinese Malaysian adults. Questionnaires: Job Stress Scale (JSS); Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21); and Rhode Island Stress and Coping Inventory (RISCI) were used to measure job stress, mental health, and coping with perceived stress. Cardiometabolic risk parameters were evaluated in plasma and genotyping analysis was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The subjects were 127 Chinese Malaysian adults. The allele frequencies for rs1870377 (A allele and T allele) and rs2071557 (A allele and T allele) polymorphisms were 0.48 and 0.52, and 0.37 and 0.63, respectively. Significant correlations include scores from JSS dimensions with blood glucose (BG) (p = 0.025-0.045), DASS-21 dimensions with blood pressure, BMI, and uric acid (p = 0.029-0.047), and RISCI with blood pressure and BG (p = 0.016-0.049). Significant G × E interactions were obtained for: rs1870377 with stress on total cholesterol (p = 0.035), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.019), and apolipoprotein B100 (p = 0.004); and rs2071559 with anxiety on blood pressure (p = 0.006-0.045). The significant G × E interactions prompt actions for managing stress and anxiety for the prevention of CVD.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estresse Psicológico/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
18.
Oncol Rep ; 42(1): 443-452, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115562

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of microRNA­497 (miR­497) in non­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and cell lines, and to investigate possible mechanisms associated with its regulatory role on cell behaviors. The expression level of miR­497 was evaluated in 15 cases of NSCLC tissues and 8 adjacent normal tissues, and in 8 NSCLC cell lines, including H1975, A549, H358, H1650, H460, Calu­1, H1299 and H292, by reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Effects of miR­497 overexpression on cell proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and radiosensitivity were examined with a Cell Counting Kit­8 assay, Matrigel assay, flow cytometry and a clone formation assay in vitro, respectively, and in an in vivo ectopic tumor nude mice model. A dual luciferase reporter assay was employed for interaction between miR­497 and its target gene kinase insert domain receptor (KDR). A significantly decreased level of miR­497 was determined in NSCLC tissues, compared with adjacent normal tissues, and Calu­1 and H1975 exhibited the lowest miR­497 expression among the 8 NSCLC cell lines. miR­497 overexpression could inhibit cell proliferation and invasion, promote cancer cell apoptosis and decrease cell clone formation following radiation treatment in vitro, and decrease tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, a dual luciferase reporter assay revealed that KDR as the target gene for miR­497. It was demonstrated that miR­497 was downregulated in NSCLC specimens. Additionally, miR­497 directly targeted and downregulated KDR expression, and inhibited malignant behaviors of NSCLC cells. These data indicated that miR­497 could serve as a tumor suppressor gene involved in NSCLC pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Células A549 , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Neoplasias
19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 173, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer angiogenesis is key for metastasis and predicts a poor prognosis. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), as a member of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), was reported to restrain the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through inhibiting angiogenesis. However, the relationship between ACE2 and breast cancer angiogenesis remains unclear. METHODS: The prognosis and relative gene selection were analysed using the GEPIA, GEO, TCGA and STRING databases. ACE2 expression in breast cancer tissue was estimated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Breast cancer cell migration, proliferation and angiogenesis were assessed by Transwell migration, proliferation, tube formation, and wound healing assays. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFa) was detected by qPCR and Western blotting. The phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2), and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) was examined by Western blotting. Breast cancer metastasis and angiogenesis in vivo were measured using a zebrafish model. RESULTS: ACE2 was downregulated in breast cancer patients. Patients with higher ACE2 expression had longer relapse-free survival (RFS). In vitro, ACE2 inhibited breast cancer migration. Meanwhile, ACE2 in breast cancer cells inhibited human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, tube formation and migration. In the zebrafish model, ACE2 inhibited breast cancer cell metastasis, as demonstrated by analyses of the number of disseminated foci and the metastatic distance. Neo-angiogenesis was also decreased by ACE2. ACE2 downregulated the expression of VEGFa in breast cancer cells. Furthermore, ACE2 in breast cancer cells inactivated the phosphorylation of VEGFR2, MEK1/2, and ERK1/2 in HUVECs. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ACE2, as a potential resister to breast cancer, might inhibit breast cancer angiogenesis through the VEGFa/VEGFR2/ERK pathway. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Animais , Mama/metabolismo , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Células MCF-7 , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fosforilação , Peixe-Zebra
20.
Mol Biotechnol ; 61(7): 513-520, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025286

RESUMO

VEGF-A/VEGFR2 complex is the major signaling pathway involved in angiogenesis and the inhibition of this axis retards tumor growth and inflammatory disorders progression, reducing vessel sprouting. Signaling by VEGFR2 requires receptor dimerization and a well-defined orientation of monomers in the active dimer. The extracellular portion of receptor is composed of seven Ig-like domains, of which D2-3 are the ligand binding domains, while D4 and D7, establishing homotypic contacts, allosterically regulate receptor activity. The allosteric targeting of VEGFR2 represents a promising alternative to study neovascular disorders overcoming drawbacks related to competition with VEGF. In this work, we expressed in bacterial host domain 4 of VEGFR2 (VEGFR2D4). After protein refolding, we characterized the purified domain and administered it in mice for monoclonal antibodies production. One of them, mAbD4, was tested in ELISA assays, showing a nanomolar affinity for VEGFR2D4. Finally, the methodology here described could contribute to the development of antibodies which can allosterically bind VEGFR2 and therefore to be used for imaging purposes or to modulate receptor signaling.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia , Regulação Alostérica , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Camundongos , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
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