Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.933
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4520, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908154

RESUMO

Tumor extracellular matrix has been associated with drug resistance and immune suppression. Here, proteomic and RNA profiling reveal increased collagen levels in lung tumors resistant to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. Additionally, elevated collagen correlates with decreased total CD8+ T cells and increased exhausted CD8+ T cell subpopulations in murine and human lung tumors. Collagen-induced T cell exhaustion occurs through the receptor LAIR1, which is upregulated following CD18 interaction with collagen, and induces T cell exhaustion through SHP-1. Reduction in tumor collagen deposition through LOXL2 suppression increases T cell infiltration, diminishes exhausted T cells, and abrogates resistance to anti-PD-L1. Abrogating LAIR1 immunosuppression through LAIR2 overexpression or SHP-1 inhibition sensitizes resistant lung tumors to anti-PD-1. Clinically, increased collagen, LAIR1, and TIM-3 expression in melanoma patients treated with PD-1 blockade predict poorer survival and response. Our study identifies collagen and LAIR1 as potential markers for immunotherapy resistance and validates multiple promising therapeutic combinations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/genética , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/imunologia , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 6/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , RNA-Seq , Receptores Imunológicos/genética
2.
Nat Immunol ; 21(9): 1107-1118, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788748

RESUMO

In coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the relationship between disease severity and the host immune response is not fully understood. Here we performed single-cell RNA sequencing in peripheral blood samples of 5 healthy donors and 13 patients with COVID-19, including moderate, severe and convalescent cases. Through determining the transcriptional profiles of immune cells, coupled with assembled T cell receptor and B cell receptor sequences, we analyzed the functional properties of immune cells. Most cell types in patients with COVID-19 showed a strong interferon-α response and an overall acute inflammatory response. Moreover, intensive expansion of highly cytotoxic effector T cell subsets, such as CD4+ effector-GNLY (granulysin), CD8+ effector-GNLY and NKT CD160, was associated with convalescence in moderate patients. In severe patients, the immune landscape featured a deranged interferon response, profound immune exhaustion with skewed T cell receptor repertoire and broad T cell expansion. These findings illustrate the dynamic nature of immune responses during disease progression.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA-Seq , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Célula Única
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4112, 2020 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807784

RESUMO

Macropinocytosis is essential for myeloid cells to survey their environment and for growth of RAS-transformed cancer cells. Several growth factors and inflammatory stimuli are known to induce macropinocytosis, but its endogenous inhibitors have remained elusive. Stimulation of Roundabout receptors by Slit ligands inhibits directional migration of many cell types, including immune cells and cancer cells. We report that SLIT2 inhibits macropinocytosis in vitro and in vivo by inducing cytoskeletal changes in macrophages. In mice, SLIT2 attenuates the uptake of muramyl dipeptide, thereby preventing NOD2-dependent activation of NF-κB and consequent secretion of pro-inflammatory chemokine, CXCL1. Conversely, blocking the action of endogenous SLIT2 enhances CXCL1 secretion. SLIT2 also inhibits macropinocytosis in RAS-transformed cancer cells, thereby decreasing their survival in nutrient-deficient conditions which resemble tumor microenvironment. Our results identify SLIT2 as a physiological inhibitor of macropinocytosis and challenge the conventional notion that signals that enhance macropinocytosis negatively regulate cell migration, and vice versa.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Animais , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Fagócitos/metabolismo , Pinocitose/genética , Pinocitose/fisiologia , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238070, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853219

RESUMO

Factors regulating self-antigen directed immune-responses in autoimmunity are poorly understood. Signal regulatory protein gamma (SIRPγ) is a human T-cell specific protein with genetic variants associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D). SIRPγ's function in the immune system remains unclear. We show that T1D and relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) subjects have significantly greater frequency of rs2281808 T genetic variant, that correlates with reduced SIRPγ-expression in T-cells. Importantly, reduced SIRPγ-expression in RRMS and T1D subjects was not restricted to T variant, suggesting SIRPγ-expression is also regulated by disease specific factors in autoimmunity. Interestingly, increased frequencies of SIRPγlow T-cells in RRMS and T1D positively correlated with proinflammatory molecules from T-cells. Finally, we show that SIRPγlow T-cells have enhanced pathogenecity in vivo in a GVHD model. These findings suggest that decreased-SIRPγ expression, either determined by genetic variants or through peripherally acquired processes, may have a mechanistic link to autoimmunity through induction of hyperactive T-cells.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto , Alelos , Animais , Autoimunidade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Recidiva , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS Genet ; 16(7): e1008785, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628676

RESUMO

To efficiently transform genetic associations into drug targets requires evidence that a particular gene, and its encoded protein, contribute causally to a disease. To achieve this, we employ a three-step proteome-by-phenome Mendelian Randomization (MR) approach. In step one, 154 protein quantitative trait loci (pQTLs) were identified and independently replicated. From these pQTLs, 64 replicated locally-acting variants were used as instrumental variables for proteome-by-phenome MR across 846 traits (step two). When its assumptions are met, proteome-by-phenome MR, is equivalent to simultaneously running many randomized controlled trials. Step 2 yielded 38 proteins that significantly predicted variation in traits and diseases in 509 instances. Step 3 revealed that amongst the 271 instances from GeneAtlas (UK Biobank), 77 showed little evidence of pleiotropy (HEIDI), and 92 evidence of colocalization (eCAVIAR). Results were wide ranging: including, for example, new evidence for a causal role of tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type substrate 1 (SHPS1; SIRPA) in schizophrenia, and a new finding that intestinal fatty acid binding protein (FABP2) abundance contributes to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. We also demonstrated confirmatory evidence for the causal role of four further proteins (FGF5, IL6R, LPL, LTA) in cardiovascular disease risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Proteoma/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Feminino , Fator 5 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Humanos , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Linfotoxina-alfa/genética , Masculino , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-6/genética , Esquizofrenia/patologia
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3763, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724132

RESUMO

In both animals and plants, the perception of bacterial flagella by immune receptors elicits the activation of defence responses. Most plants are able to perceive the highly conserved epitope flg22 from flagellin, the main flagellar protein, from most bacterial species. However, flagellin from Ralstonia solanacearum, the causal agent of the bacterial wilt disease, presents a polymorphic flg22 sequence (flg22Rso) that avoids perception by all plants studied to date. In this work, we show that soybean has developed polymorphic versions of the flg22 receptors that are able to perceive flg22Rso. Furthermore, we identify key residues responsible for both the evasion of perception by flg22Rso in Arabidopsis and the gain of perception by the soybean receptors. Heterologous expression of the soybean flg22 receptors in susceptible plant species, such as tomato, enhances resistance to bacterial wilt disease, demonstrating the potential of these receptors to enhance disease resistance in crop plants.


Assuntos
Flagelina/imunologia , Imunidade Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Soja/imunologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/imunologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença/genética , Resistência à Doença/imunologia , Epitopos/imunologia , Flagelina/genética , Flagelina/metabolismo , Evasão da Resposta Imune/genética , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Polimorfismo Genético/imunologia , Ralstonia solanacearum/imunologia , Ralstonia solanacearum/patogenicidade , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Soja/genética , Soja/metabolismo , Soja/microbiologia
7.
Prostate ; 80(13): 1045-1057, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop novel therapies which could be beneficial to patients with prostate cancer (CaP) including those who are predisposed to poor outcome, such as African-Americans. This study investigates the role of ROBO1-pathway in predicting outcome and race-based disparity in patients with CaP. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aided by RNA sequencing-based DECIPHER-testing and immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of tumors we show that ROBO1 is lost during the progressive stages of CaP, a prevalent feature in African-Americans. We show that the loss of ROBO1 predicts high-risk of recurrence, metastasis and poor outcome of androgen-deprivation therapy in radical prostatectomy-treated patients. These data identified an aggressive ROBO1deficient /DOCK1+ve sub-class of CaP. Combined genetic and IHC data showed that ROBO1 loss is accompanied by DOCK1/Rac1 elevation in grade-III/IV primary-tumors and Mets. We observed that the hypermethylation of ROBO1-promoter contributes to loss of expression that is highly prevalent in African-Americans. Because of limitations in restoring ROBO1 function, we asked if targeting the DOCK1 could be an ideal strategy to inhibit progression or treat ROBO1deficient metastatic-CaP. We tested the pharmacological efficacy of CPYPP, a selective inhibitor of DOCK1 under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Using ROBO1-ve and ROBO1+ve CaP models, we determined the median effective concentration of CPYPP for growth. DOCK1-inhibitor treatment significantly decreased the (a) Rac1-GTP/ß-catenin activity, (b) transmigration of ROBO1deficient cells across endothelial lining, and (c) metastatic spread of ROBO1deficient cells through the vasculature of transgenicfl Zebrafish model. CONCLUSION: We suggest that ROBO1 status forms as predictive biomarker of outcome in high-risk populations such as African-Americans and DOCK1-targeting therapy has a clinical potential for treating metastatic-CaP.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Proteínas rac de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metilação de DNA , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/biossíntese , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/deficiência , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Receptores Imunológicos/biossíntese , Receptores Imunológicos/deficiência , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas rac de Ligação ao GTP/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas rac de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
8.
Mol Immunol ; 125: 83-94, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652363

RESUMO

Leukocyte immune-type receptors (LITRs) are a multigene family of teleost immunoregulatory proteins that share structural, phylogenetic, and likely functional relationships with several innate immune receptor proteins in other vertebrates, including mammals. Originally discovered in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), representative IpLITR-types have been shown to regulate diverse innate immune cell effector responses including phagocytosis, degranulation, and cytokine secretion. To date, IpLITRs have been primarily characterized using mammalian cell line expression systems, therefore many unanswered questions remain regarding their actual regulatory roles in fish immunity. In the present study, we report on the preliminary molecular characterization of five goldfish (Carassius auratus) CaLITR-types and the identification of several putative splice variants of these receptors cloned from various goldfish tissues and primary myeloid cell cultures. In general, CaLITR mRNA transcripts were detected in all goldfish tissues tested, and also in primary kidney macrophage and neutrophil cultures. Specifically, CaLITR1 is a functionally ambiguous receptor with no charged amino acids in its transmembrane (TM) segment and is devoid of tyrosine-based signaling motifs in its short cytoplasmic tail (CYT) region. CaLITR2 is a putative activating receptor-type that contains immunotyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) within its long CYT region, and CaLITR3 has a positively charged TM segment, suggesting that it may recruit intracellular stimulatory adaptor signaling molecules. CaLITR4 and CaLITR5 appear to have diverse signaling capabilities since they contain various immunoregulatory signaling motifs within their CYT regions including putative Nck and STAT recruitment motifs as well as ITAM-like and ITIM sequences. We also identified putative CaLITR splice variants with altered extracellular Ig-like domain compositions and variable CYT regions. Interestingly, this suggests that alternative splicing-mediated diversification of CaLITRs can generate receptor forms with possible variable binding and/or intracellular signaling abilities. Overall, these findings reveal new information about the teleost LITRs and sets the stage for exploring how alternative splicing leads to the functional diversification of this complex multigene immunoregulatory receptor family.


Assuntos
Carpa Dourada/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Leucócitos/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Carpa Dourada/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética
9.
Science ; 368(6495): 1122-1127, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381589

RESUMO

Immunological memory specific to previously encountered antigens is a cardinal feature of adaptive lymphoid cells. However, it is unknown whether innate myeloid cells retain memory of prior antigenic stimulation and respond to it more vigorously on subsequent encounters. In this work, we show that murine monocytes and macrophages acquire memory specific to major histocompatibility complex I (MHC-I) antigens, and we identify A-type paired immunoglobulin-like receptors (PIR-As) as the MHC-I receptors necessary for the memory response. We demonstrate that deleting PIR-A in the recipient or blocking PIR-A binding to donor MHC-I molecules blocks memory and attenuates kidney and heart allograft rejection. Thus, innate myeloid cells acquire alloantigen-specific memory that can be targeted to improve transplant outcomes.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Memória Imunológica , Macrófagos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/fisiologia , Animais , Deleção de Genes , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Transplante de Coração , Transplante de Rim , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Mutantes , Receptores Imunológicos/genética
10.
Mol Cell ; 78(3): 477-492.e8, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386542

RESUMO

Myelofibrosis is a severe myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by increased numbers of abnormal bone marrow megakaryocytes that induce fibrosis, destroying the hematopoietic microenvironment. To determine the cellular and molecular basis for aberrant megakaryopoiesis in myelofibrosis, we performed single-cell transcriptome profiling of 135,929 CD34+ lineage- hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), single-cell proteomics, genomics, and functional assays. We identified a bias toward megakaryocyte differentiation apparent from early multipotent stem cells in myelofibrosis and associated aberrant molecular signatures. A sub-fraction of myelofibrosis megakaryocyte progenitors (MkPs) are transcriptionally similar to healthy-donor MkPs, but the majority are disease specific, with distinct populations expressing fibrosis- and proliferation-associated genes. Mutant-clone HSPCs have increased expression of megakaryocyte-associated genes compared to wild-type HSPCs, and we provide early validation of G6B as a potential immunotherapy target. Our study paves the way for selective targeting of the myelofibrosis clone and illustrates the power of single-cell multi-omics to discover tumor-specific therapeutic targets and mediators of tissue fibrosis.


Assuntos
Hematopoese/fisiologia , Megacariócitos/patologia , Mielofibrose Primária/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hematopoese/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Megacariócitos/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Análise de Célula Única/métodos
11.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 69(10): 1989-1999, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393998

RESUMO

Despite recent advances in colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, a large proportion of patients show limited responses to therapies, especially in advanced stages. There is an urgent need to identify prognostic biomarkers and/or therapeutic targets in advanced stages, aiming to improve the efficacy of current treatments. We aimed to determine prognostic biomarkers in tumor tissue and circulation of CRC patients, with a special focus on T cell exhaustion markers. We found that mRNA levels of PD-1, TIM-3, CTLA-4, TIGIT, CD160, CD244, KLRG1, TOX2, TOX3, Ki-67, and PRDM1 were elevated in CRC tumor tissues. We also investigated differences in gene expression between early and advanced disease stages. We found that TOX and potentially TIM-3, CTLA-4, VISTA, TIGIT, KLRG1, TOX2, SIRT1, Ki-67, and Helios mRNA levels in tumor tissue were elevated in advanced disease stages, suggesting their potential roles in CRC progression. In contrast, PD-1 and CD160 levels in tumor tissue were downregulated in advanced stages. In the circulation of CRC patients, mRNA levels of PD-1, VISTA and LAG-3 were higher than those of healthy individuals. Moreover, in circulation, PD-1, CTLA-4 and TIGIT mRNA levels were reduced in advanced stages. Interestingly, levels of PD-1 in both tumor tissue and circulation were reduced in advanced stages, suggesting that targeting PD-1 in patients with advanced stages could be less effective. Altogether, these findings suggest some potential T cell exhaustion markers that could be utilized as prognostic biomarkers and/or therapeutic targets for CRC. However, further investigations and validations in larger cohorts are required to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno CTLA-4/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/sangue , Receptores Imunológicos/sangue , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Antígeno CTLA-4/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cancer Sci ; 111(7): 2608-2619, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342603

RESUMO

The interaction between CD47 and signal-regulatory protein-α (SIRPα) inhibits phagocytosis, thus affecting the clinical outcomes of neoplastic diseases. Although CD47 upregulation is associated with poor prognosis in several malignancies, the effect of SIRPα expression and its coexpression with CD47 remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic effect of CD47 and SIRPα expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Immunostaining of 120 biopsy samples showed that CD47 is primarily expressed in tumor cells, whereas SIRPα is expressed in nonneoplastic stromal cells, mostly macrophages. CD47high cases showed higher MYC protein expression and lower MYC translocation. The SIRPαhigh cases presented significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than SIRPαlow cases in the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype of DLBCL (P = .04 and P = .02, respectively). Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh presented significantly shorter OS and PFS than other cases among all DLBCL patients (P = .01 and P = .004, respectively), and the ABC type (P = .04 and P = .008, respectively) but not the germinal center B-cell type. Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh yielded a constant independent prognostic value for OS and PFS in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 2.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-7.43; P = .02; and HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.42-5.85; P = .003, respectively). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report that combinatorial CD47 and SIRPα expression is a potential independent prognostic factor for DLBCL. Evaluation of CD47 and SIRPα expression could be useful before CD47 blockade therapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/metabolismo , Antígeno CD47/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Antígeno CD47/genética , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina
13.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0226661, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240171

RESUMO

CD47 is an immune checkpoint protein that downregulates both the innate and adaptive anti-tumor immune response via its counter receptor SIRPα. Biologics, including humanized CD47 monoclonal antibodies and decoy SIRPα receptors, that block the SIRPα-CD47 interaction, are currently being developed as cancer immunotherapy agents. However, adverse side effects and limited penetration of tumor tissue associated with their structure and large size may impede their clinical application. We recently developed a quantitative high throughput screening assay platform to identify small molecules that disrupt the binding of SIRPα and CD47 as an alternative approach to these protein-based therapeutics. Here, we report on the development and optimization of a cell-based binding assay to validate active small molecules from our biochemical screening effort. This assay has a low volume, high capacity homogenous format that relies on laser scanning cytometry (LSC) and associated techniques to enhance signal to noise measurement of cell surface binding. The LSC assay is specific, concentration dependent, and validated for the two major human SIRPα variants (V1 and V2), with results that parallel those of our biochemical data as well as published studies. We also utilized the LSC assay to confirm published studies showing that the inhibition of amino-terminal pyroglutamate formation on CD47 using the glutaminyl cyclase inhibitor SEN177 disrupts SIRPα binding. The SIRPα-CD47 interaction could be quantitatively measured in live and fixed tumor cells. Use of fixed cells reduces the burden of cell maintenance and provides stable cell standards to control for inter- and intra-assay variations. We also demonstrate the utility of the assay to characterize the activity of the first reported small molecule antagonists of the SIRPα-CD47 interaction. This assay will support the screening of thousands of compounds to identify or validate active small molecules as hits, develop structure activity relationships and assist in the optimization of hits to leads by a typical iterative medicinal chemistry campaign.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Antígeno CD47/genética , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Aminoaciltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Aminoaciltransferases/química , Antígenos de Diferenciação/química , Antígeno CD47/química , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Células Jurkat , Citometria de Varredura a Laser , Ligantes , Oncologia/tendências , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(12): 6651-6662, 2020 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152116

RESUMO

A role for microglia in neuropsychiatric diseases, including major depressive disorder (MDD), has been postulated. Regulation of microglial phenotype by immune receptors has become a central topic in many neurological conditions. We explored preclinical and clinical evidence for the role of the CD300f immune receptor in the fine regulation of microglial phenotype and its contribution to MDD. We found that a prevalent nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism (C/T, rs2034310) of the human CD300f receptor cytoplasmic tail inhibits the protein kinase C phosphorylation of a threonine and is associated with protection against MDD, mainly in women. Interestingly, CD300f-/- mice displayed several characteristic MDD traits such as augmented microglial numbers, increased interleukin 6 and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist messenger RNA, alterations in synaptic strength, and noradrenaline-dependent and persistent depressive-like and anhedonic behaviors in females. This behavioral phenotype could be potentiated inducing the lipopolysaccharide depression model. RNA sequencing and biochemical studies revealed an association with impaired microglial metabolic fitness. In conclusion, we report a clear association that links the function of the CD300f immune receptor with MDD in humans, depressive-like and anhedonic behaviors in female mice, and altered microglial metabolic reprogramming.


Assuntos
Anedonia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/patologia , Inflamação/etiologia , Microglia/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/fisiologia , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Estudos de Coortes , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Microglia/metabolismo , Sinapses
15.
Neuron ; 106(5): 727-742.e6, 2020 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199103

RESUMO

Evidence suggests interplay among the three major risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD): age, APOE genotype, and sex. Here, we present comprehensive datasets and analyses of brain transcriptomes and blood metabolomes from human apoE2-, apoE3-, and apoE4-targeted replacement mice across young, middle, and old ages with both sexes. We found that age had the greatest impact on brain transcriptomes highlighted by an immune module led by Trem2 and Tyrobp, whereas APOE4 was associated with upregulation of multiple Serpina3 genes. Importantly, these networks and gene expression changes were mostly conserved in human brains. Finally, we observed a significant interaction between age, APOE genotype, and sex on unfolded protein response pathway. In the periphery, APOE2 drove distinct blood metabolome profile highlighted by the upregulation of lipid metabolites. Our work identifies unique and interactive molecular pathways underlying AD risk factors providing valuable resources for discovery and validation research in model systems and humans.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Serpinas/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/imunologia , Fatores Etários , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Apolipoproteína E2/genética , Apolipoproteína E3/genética , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Metaboloma , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fatores de Proteção , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/genética
16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 56-62, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and significance of B and T lymphocyte weakening factor (BTLA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). METHODS: Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA in 11 patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and 11 normal donors. Flow cytometry was used to detect expression of BTLA and its HVEM on the cell surface of peripheral blood T lymphocytes and γδ T cells. RESULTS: The median values of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA expression in peripheral blood of patients with CMML were 0.009% and 559.4%, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of normal controls (0.053% and 1031%)(P<0.001). The expression level of BTLA and HVEM on cell surface of peripheral lymphocytes was not significantly different from that in normal controls (P=0.3031 and 0.2576), however, the proportion of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in patients with CMML (median: 37.73%) was significantly lower than that in controls (median 69.23%)(P=0.0005). The expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in peripheral blood of patients with CMML (median: 23.26%) was significantly lower than that of the controls (median: 52.64%) (P<0.05), and there was no significant abnormality in HVEM expression (P=0.2791). CONCLUSION: The expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM, the proportion of T lymphocytes and the expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in patients with CMML are reduced. The effects of these abnormalities on T cell function and prognosis and efficacy of patients need to be further observed.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/genética , Ligantes , Linfócitos T
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18921, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that the potential functional polymorphism R47H in triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is associated with several neurodegenerative diseases, however, the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between TREM2 R47H and the risk for 3 typical neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: A literature review was carried out using PubMed, Medline, and Embase. Data analysis was conducted using Stata 15.0 software. The pooled odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 35 articles were identified as eligible: 22 on AD, 3 on ALS, 7 on PD, 2 on AD and ALS, and 1 on ALS and PD. The AD set included 23,092 cases and 30,920 controls, the ALS set included 7391 cases and 12,442 controls, and the PD set included 8498 patients and 9161 controls. We found that R47H was associated with an increased risk of AD in the total pooled population (P < .001, OR = 4.02, 95% CI = 3.15-5.13). However, this significant difference existed for Caucasian people (OR = 4.16, 95% CI = 3.24-5.33) but not for Asian or African people. Moreover, we did not find any significant differences in minor allele frequency distribution between the PD and control groups or between the ALS and control groups, not only for the total pooled population but also for the subgroups of different ethnicities. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that R47H in the TREM2 gene leads to an increased risk for developing AD, but not for ALS and PD, which adds evidence to the notion that diverse pathogenesis may be involved in different neurogenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 987, 2020 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080190

RESUMO

Longevity is influenced by genetic and environmental factors, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we functionally characterise a Drosophila small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA), named jouvence whose loss of function reduces lifespan. The genomic region of jouvence rescues the longevity in mutant, while its overexpression in wild-type increases lifespan. Jouvence is required in enterocytes. In mutant, the epithelium of the gut presents more hyperplasia, while the overexpression of jouvence prevents it. Molecularly, the mutant lack pseudouridylation on 18S and 28S-rRNA, a function rescued by targeted expression of jouvence in the gut. A transcriptomic analysis performed from the gut reveals that several genes are either up- or down-regulated, while restoring the mRNA level of two genes (ninaD or CG6296) rescue the longevity. Since snoRNAs are structurally and functionally well conserved throughout evolution, we identified putative jouvence orthologue in mammals including humans, suggesting that its function in longevity could be conserved.


Assuntos
Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Longevidade/genética , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/genética , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Sequência Conservada , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Enterócitos/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma de Inseto , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mutação com Perda de Função , Masculino , Camundongos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/química , RNA Nucleolar Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/genética
19.
J Neuroimmunol ; 341: 577185, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045774

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common dementia type affecting nearly 44 million people worldwide. Recent findings point to microglia as a significant contributor to neural development, neuroinflammation, and degeneration. Dysregulated immunoactivity in AD has been broadly studied, and current research on animal models enabled us to identify a new cluster of microglia (disease-associated microglia) alongside previously detected glial populations (e.g., plaque-associated microglia, dark microglia, Human Alzheimer's microglia) associated with neuroinflammation and with macrophagic activity. These distinct populations of glia show a spatial distribution within plaques with unique imaging features and distinct gene expression profile. Novel genetic approaches using single-nuclei RNA sequencing (sn-RNA seq) allowed researchers to identify gene expression profiles from fixed human samples. Recent studies, exposing transcriptomic clusters of disease-related cells and analyzing sequenced RNA from sorted myeloid cells, seem to confirm the hypothesis of the central role of glia in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. These discoveries may shed light on the effects of microglial activation and differences in gene expression profiles, furthering research towards the development of a cell-specific therapy. In this review, we examine recent studies that guide us towards recognizing the role of diverse populations of glial cells and their possible heterogeneous functional states in the pathogenesis of AD in humans.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/imunologia , Microglia/imunologia , Degeneração Neural/imunologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/deficiência , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas do Olho/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Camundongos , Microglia/classificação , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Degeneração Neural/patologia , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/fisiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Placa Amiloide/imunologia , Placa Amiloide/patologia , Receptores Imunológicos/deficiência , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/fisiologia , Serpinas/fisiologia , Transcriptoma
20.
Am J Pathol ; 190(3): 642-659, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972158

RESUMO

Ischemia due to hypoperfusion is one of the most common forms of acute kidney injury. We hypothesized that kidney hypoxia initiates the up-regulation of miR-218 expression in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to guide endocapillary repair. Murine renal artery-derived EPCs (CD34+/CD105-) showed down-regulation of mmu-Mir218-5p/U6 RNA ratio after ischemic injury, while in human renal arteries, MIR218-5p expression was up-regulated after ischemic injury. MIR218 expression was clarified in cell culture experiments in which increases in both SLIT3 and MIR218-2-5p expressions were observed after 5 minutes of hypoxia. ROBO1 transcript, a downstream target of MIR218-2-5p, showed inverse expression to MIR218-2-5p. EPCs transfected with a MIR218-5p inhibitor in three-dimensional normoxic culture showed premature capillary formation. Organized progenitor cell movement was reconstituted when cells were co-transfected with Dicer siRNA and low-dose Mir218-5p mimic. A Mir218-2 knockout was generated to assess the significance of miR-218-2 in a mammalian model. Mir218-2-5p expression was decreased in Mir218-2-/- embryos at E16.5. Mir218-2-/- decreased CD34+ angioblasts in the ureteric bud at E16.5 and were nonviable. Mir218-2+/- decreased peritubular capillary density at postnatal day 14 and increased serum creatinine after ischemia in adult mice. Systemic injection of miR-218-5p decreased serum creatinine after injury. These experiments demonstrate that miR-218 expression can be triggered by hypoxia and modulates EPC migration in the kidney.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Ribonuclease III
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA