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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26359, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232170

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study was to identify the predictors of recurrence in patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) after cervical conization.Totally 415 patients with CIN ≥ II who underwent loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cold knife conization (CKC) were included in this retrospective study. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) regarding the association between postoperative recurrence and clinicopathological data.After the mean follow-up of (21.48 ±â€Š5.82) months, 90 (21.69%) out of 415 cases were subjected to recurrence after cervical conization. The influencing factors for postoperative recurrence included times of full-term birth, history of preterm birth, history of abortion, positive margin, cone length, width, depth, smoking, and history of complicating diseases (P < .05). Multivariate Cox model indicated the positive margin (HR = 2.144, 95% CI: 1.317-3.492, P < .05), history of preterm birth (HR = 4.515, 95% CI: 1.598-12.754, P < .05), history of complicating diseases (HR = 3.552, 95% CI: 1.952-6.462, P < .05) were independent risk factors for recurrence after cervical conization. The restricted cubic diagram showed that the cone depth >0.5 cm was a protective factor for postoperative recurrence.For the patients with high-grade CIN after cervical conization, positive margins, histories of preterm birth, and complicating diseases were associated with increased risk of recurrence, but cone depth (>0.5 cm) with lower risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Conização/métodos , Eletrocirurgia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26557, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232198

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Radiomics transforms the medical images into high-dimensional quantitative features and provides potential information about tumor phenotypes and heterogeneity. We conducted a retrospective analysis to explore and validate radiomics model based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) to predict recurrence of locally advanced oesophageal squamous cell cancer (SCC) within 2 years after trimodal therapy. This study collected CECT and clinical data of consecutive 220 patients with pathology-confirmed locally advanced oesophageal SCC (154 in the training cohort and 66 in the validation cohort). Univariate statistical test and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method were performed to select the optimal radiomics features. Logistic regression was conducted to build radiomics model, clinical model, and combined model of both the radiomics and clinical features. Predictive performance was judged by the area under receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC), accuracy, and F1-score in the training and validation cohorts. Ten optimal radiomics features and/or 7 clinical features were selected to build radiomics model, clinical model, and the combined model. The integrated model of radiomics and clinical features was superior to radiomics model or clinical model in predicting recurrence of locally advanced oesophageal SCC within 2 years in the training (AUC: 0.879 vs 0.815 or 0.763; accuracy: 0.844 vs 0.773 or 0.740; and F1-score: 0.886 vs 0.839 or 0.815, respectively) and validation (AUC: 0.857 vs 0.720 or 0.750; accuracy: 0.788 vs 0.700 or 0.697; and F1-score: 0.851 vs 0.800 or 0.787, respectively) cohorts. The combined model of radiomics and clinical features shows better performance than the radiomics or clinical model to predict the recurrence of locally advanced oesophageal SCC within 2 years after trimodal therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26214, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160385

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between the changes in circulating CD45RO+T lymphocyte subsets following neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.The clinicopathological data of 185 patients with rectal cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy in the General Surgery Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2015 to June 2017 were analyzed. Venous blood samples were collected 1 week before neoadjuvant therapy and 1 week before surgery, and the expression of CD45RO+T was detected by flow cytometry. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cut-off point of CD45RO+ratio. Log-rank test and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze the overall survival rate (OS) and disease-free survival rate (DFS) associated with CD45RO+ratio.Circulating CD45RO+ratio of 1.07 was determined as the optimal cut-off point and CD45RO+ratio-high was associated with lower tumor regression grade grading (P = .031), T stage (P = .001), and tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (P = .012). The 3-year DFS and OS rate in the CD45RO+ratio-high group was significantly higher than that in the CD45RO+ratio-low group (89.2% vs 60.1%, P<.001; 94.4% vs 73.2%, P<.001). The multivariate Cox analysis revealed that elevated CD45RO+ratio was an independent factor for better DFS (OR, 0.339; 95% CI, 0.153-0.752; P = .008) and OS (OR, 0.244; 95% CI,0.082-0.726; P = .011).Circulating CD45RO+ratio could predict the tumor regression grade of neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer, as well as long-term prognosis. These findings could be used to stratify patients and develop alternative strategies for adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Separação Celular , Colonoscopia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Citometria de Fluxo , Seguimentos , Humanos , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/metabolismo , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Período Pré-Operatório , Protectomia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Neoplasias Retais/sangue , Neoplasias Retais/imunologia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Reto/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/patologia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Vindesina/uso terapêutico
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26388, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160418

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Radioiodine-refractory thyroid cancers (IRTCs) are uncommon and have a poor prognosis. Treatment options for radioiodine-refractory and anaplastic tumors (ATCs) are limited. Although the genomic landscape of thyroid cancer has been studied, there is little evidence on whether next-generation sequencing (NGS) findings translate to tumor control.We analyzed all patients with IRTC and ATC who underwent commercially available NGS in 3 cancer centers.Twenty-two patients were identified, 16 patients with IRTCs and 6 patients with ATCs. Eighteen (82%) had targetable findings in NGS, nine patients were treated accordingly. Median progression-free survival for targeted treatment was 50 months [95% confidence interval (CI95%) 9.8-66.6] and2 months (CI95% 0.2-16.5) for IRTC and ATC, respectively. Of 4 patients who achieved durable responses of 7 to 50 months, 2 are ongoing. The estimated median OS of IRTC receiving targeted treatment was not reached (CI95% 89.7-111.4 months) and was 77.8 months (CI95% 52.5-114.6) for patients treated conventionally (P = .3).NGS may detect clinically significant genetic alterations and benefit patients with advanced thyroid cancers.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/antagonistas & inibidores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/farmacologia , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Tolerância a Radiação/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26450, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160440

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The guidelines recommended gefitinib as a first-line targeted treatment for stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR mutations. However, resistance to gefitinib ensues invariably and there is little evidence as for the effectiveness of subsequent salvage treatment for patients without T790m mutation. The case is to evaluate the efficacy of erlotinib, another EGFR-TKI, after failed first-line use of gefitinib. PATIENT CONCERNS: We described a 55-year-old man with good performance status (PS). DIAGNOSES: He was histopathologically diagnosed stage IV lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutations in November 2018. INTERVENTIONS: He was administrated with gefitinib daily (250 mg) for activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (exon 19 deletions,19del), and combined with platinum-based dual-drug chemotherapy. During the target treatments, the optimal efficacy evaluation was partial remission (PR) with a 12-month progression-free survival (PFS) time. Later, the intracranial progression of the patient rendered the treatment change to erlotinib. OUTCOMES: It is surprising that the tumor lesion in brain as well as lung relieved obviously. His progression-free survival (PFS)was nearly 11 months, and the overall survival (OS)was>36 months up to now. The adverse events were tolerable. LESSIONS: This case manifests that re-biopsy of advanced or recurrent NSCLC is beneficial to make a better therapeutic regimen, and erlotinib can be used as a salvage treatment after gefitinib failure.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Biópsia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/farmacologia , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Gefitinibe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26487, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190174

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of preoperative serum alpha-fetoprotein(AFP) level to total tumor volume (TTV) ratio as a prognostic marker on predicting the tumor recurrence and overall survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation.One-hundred eight patients with HCC who underwent liver transplantation in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from April 2013 to October 2017 were studied. Divided into AFP/TTV≤2 group and AFP/TTV>2 group by the best cut-off score calculated by receiver operation characteristic curve, the clinical and pathological data of the patients in two groups were compared to explore the relationship between AFP/TTV and tumor recurrence together with the prognosis of HCC patients after liver transplantation. Risk factors of early tumor recurrence and poor prognosis of HCC in patients after liver transplantation were studied by multivariate regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the tumor-free survival and overall survival between the two groups of patients.In 108 patients, 47 patients have AFP/TTV≤2 while 61 patients have AFP/TTV>2. Patients in AFP/TTV≤2 group have longer tumor-free survival time and overall survival time compared with patients in AFP/TTV>2 group. The age, total bilirubin level, serum AFP level, TTV, portal vein tumor thrombus and AFP/TTV (all P < .05) of patient with HCC are closely related to poor prognosis after liver transplantation. Multivariate regression analysis showed that have portal vein tumor thrombus (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.345, P < .05), TTV≥65.5 cm3 (HR = 2.701, P < .05) and AFP/TTV > 2 (HR = 4.624, P < .05) are independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation while TTV≥65.5 cm3 (HR = 2.451, P < .05) and AFP/TTV > 2 (HR = 4.257, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for tumor recurrence at the same time.The tumor recurrence and the prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation is affected by many factors. AFP/TTV ratio has important predictive value for the tumor recurrence and the prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation. AFP/TTV>2 is an independent risk factor for both early tumor recurrence and poor prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Veia Porta , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Porta/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral
7.
Br J Anaesth ; 127(1): 75-84, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opioids have been linked to worse oncologic outcomes in surgical patients. Studies in certain cancer types have identified associations between survival and intra-tumoural opioid receptor gene alterations, but no study has investigated whether the tumour genome interacts with opioid exposure to affect survival. We sought to determine whether intraoperative opioid exposure is associated with recurrence-specific survival and overall survival in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, and whether selected tumour genomics are associated with this relationship. Associations between ketamine and dexmedetomidine and outcomes were also studied. METHODS: Surgical patients (N=740) with pathological stage I-III lung adenocarcinoma and next-generation sequencing data were retrospectively reviewed from a prospectively maintained database. RESULTS: On multivariable analysis, ketamine administration was protective for recurrence-specific survival (hazard ratio = 0.44, 95% confidence interval 0.24-0.80; P=0.007), compared with no adjunct. Higher intraoperative oral morphine milligram equivalents were significantly associated with worse overall survival (hazard ratio=1.09/10 morphine milligram equivalents, 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.17; P=0.010). Significant interaction effects were found between morphine milligram equivalents and fraction genome altered and morphine milligram equivalents and CDKN2A, such that higher fraction genome altered or CDKN2A alterations were associated with worse overall survival at higher morphine milligram equivalents (P=0.044 and P=0.052, respectively). In contrast, alterations in the Wnt (P=0.029) and Hippo (P=0.040) oncogenic pathways were associated with improved recurrence-specific survival at higher morphine milligram equivalents, compared with unaltered pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative opioid exposure is associated with worse overall survival, whereas ketamine exposure is associated with improved recurrence-specific survival in patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. This is the first study to investigate tumour-specific genomic interactions with intraoperative opioid administration to modify survival associations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Genômica/tendências , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/tendências , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
8.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(6): 651-656, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relevance between the cut-off level of cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) level and long-term prognosis in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSCs). STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Departments of Oncology, Medeniyet University Goztepe Education and Research Hospital, and Kartal Lutfi Kirdar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, from January 2017 to June 2019. METHODOLOGY: Medical records of 230 women with HGSC were reviewed randomly from two Oncology Clinics. Descriptive analysis and CA 125 marker levels were evaluated with five years of disease-free survival rate (DFS) and overall survival rate (OS). Patients were divided into groups of high and low initial CA 125 levels (cut-off ≥385U/ml). The ability of initial serum CA 125 levels in predicting the presence of marker-recurrence of ovarian cancer were analysed using ROC (Receiver operating characteristics) curve analysis. RESULTS: Statistically significant predictive value of initial CA 125 level was calculated as 385U/ml (p=0.008). The 5-year DFS of high and low CA 125 levels for all stages in HGSC was statistically significant (p<0.001). The sub-group analysis demonstrated that the significant survival difference was especially in FIGO stage III. Patients with HGSC <385 U/ml had a significantly improved 5-year DFS and OS rates within stage III disease: 5-year DFS (p = 0.008) and 5-year OS (p = 0.004) according to the stratification of CA 125 level. CONCLUSION: Initial CA 125 level appeared to be of beneficial clinical predictive value for HGSC. Key Words: Initial CA 125, Tumor marker, High-grade serous ovarian cancer, Disease-free survival, Overall survival, Predictive value.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Antígeno Ca-125 , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia
9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(13): 1576-1583, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various prediction tools have been developed to predict biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP); however, few of the previous prediction tools used serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir after RP and maximum tumor diameter (MTD) at the same time. In this study, a nomogram incorporating MTD and PSA nadir was developed to predict BCR-free survival (BCRFS). METHODS: A total of 337 patients who underwent RP between January 2010 and March 2017 were retrospectively enrolled in this study. The maximum diameter of the index lesion was measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate independent predictors of BCR. A nomogram was subsequently developed for the prediction of BCRFS at 3 and 5 years after RP. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and decision curve analyses were performed to identify the advantage of the new nomogram in comparison with the cancer of the prostate risk assessment post-surgical (CAPRA-S) score. RESULTS: A novel nomogram was developed to predict BCR by including PSA nadir, MTD, Gleason score, surgical margin (SM), and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI), considering these variables were significantly associated with BCR in both univariate and multivariate analyses (P < 0.05). In addition, a basic model including Gleason score, SM, and SVI was developed and used as a control to assess the incremental predictive power of the new model. The concordance index of our model was slightly higher than CAPRA-S model (0.76 vs. 0.70, P = 0.02) and it was significantly higher than that of the basic model (0.76 vs. 0.66, P = 0.001). Time-dependent ROC curve and decision curve analyses also demonstrated the advantages of the new nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: PSA nadir after RP and MTD based on MRI before surgery are independent predictors of BCR. By incorporating PSA nadir and MTD into the conventional predictive model, our newly developed nomogram significantly improved the accuracy in predicting BCRFS after RP.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glândulas Seminais
10.
Turk Neurosurg ; 31(4): 574-581, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978215

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the clinical and surgical outcomes following gross total resection (GTR) and planned subtotal resection (STR) of giant intracranial epidermoid tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients who were diagnosed with and operated for giant intracranial epidermoid tumors between January 2007 and May 2016 were included. The demographics, clinical outcomes, and surgical outcomes of these patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were enrolled in this study, and multicompartmental epidermoid tumors were observed in 23% of the patients. The mean size of the tumors was 6.2 cm (range, 4.0?9.0 cm). GTR and near-total resection (NTR) were performed in 34 (71%) patients. Fourteen patients (29%) underwent STR. Most patients (89%) had Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) of 5, whereas 8% had GOS of 4. The GTR/NTR group (23.5%) had more permanent complications than the STR group (7.1%). The mean follow-up period was 5.2 years (range, eight months to nine years). In the STR group, four patients (29%) showed an increase in the residual tumor, and only one patient (7%) was symptomatic and required reoperation. CONCLUSION: STR of giant intracranial epidermoid tumors is a safe surgical strategy with good surgical outcome. The requirement for reoperation is usually late and seldom required but can be done safely. The average time to recurrence was more than seven years.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasia Residual , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nepal J Ophthalmol ; 13(25): 157-161, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33981112

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Management of orbital lymphangioma is challenging. Complete surgical excision is often impossible due to its infiltrative nature. Sclerosing agents have been used in its management with variable outcomes. We report a case of recurrent orbital lymphangioma managed with intralesional bleomycin. CASE: A 14-year-old female presented with proptosis of the right eye for two weeks. She had a similar history at five years of age for which she underwent surgical excision. We performed negative pressure aspiration using a 20-gauge angiocatheter, injected bleomycin, and left the cannula in situ for repeat aspiration to maintain cyst collapse. OBSERVATION: The lymphangioma regressed, and there was no recurrence at six months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: This report highlights the use of negative pressure aspiration and intralesional bleomycin injection by minimal intervention using angiocatheter in the successful management of orbital lymphangioma.


Assuntos
Linfangioma , Neoplasias Orbitárias , Adolescente , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Linfangioma/diagnóstico , Linfangioma/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Orbitárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Orbitárias/tratamento farmacológico
12.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 20(5): 552-554, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938701

RESUMO

Locally-advanced periocular basal cell carcinoma (BCC) pose many therapeutic challenges due to the need to preserve functionality and cosmesis of the orbit and periocular area. Surgical excision and subsequent orbital exenteration are two recognized modalities of treatment. Vismodegib is currently an FDA-approved monotherapy for locally-advanced and metastatic BCC. We present a case of the use of vismodegib as neoadjuvant therapy prior to surgical excision of a locally-advanced periocular recurrent BCC in a 75-year-old male. The patient’s tumor successfully responded to vismodegib allowing surgical excision with clear margins. The orbit was saved in a patient who otherwise would have required complete orbital exenteration. J Drugs Dermatol. 20(5):552-554. doi:10.36849/JDD.5661.


Assuntos
Anilidas/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Palpebrais/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anilidas/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Palpebrais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Palpebrais/patologia , Pálpebras/diagnóstico por imagem , Pálpebras/patologia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Surg Clin North Am ; 101(3): 415-426, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048762

RESUMO

With advancing endoscopic technology and screening protocols for Barrett disease, more patients are being diagnosed with early-stage esophageal cancer. These early-stage patients may be amendable to endoscopic therapies, such as endomucosal resection and ablation. These therapies may minimize morbidity, but the elevated risk of recurrence cannot be overlooked. This article reports outcomes and recommendations for surveillance and management of recurrent esophageal cancer following endoscopic therapies.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Esofagoscopia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
14.
Surg Clin North Am ; 101(3): 499-509, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048769

RESUMO

We describe the surveillance strategies after esophageal cancer treatment, whether local therapy, induction chemoradiation, or other definitive treatment such as trimodality therapy. We discuss the shortcomings of the different invasive and imaging studies, and the recommended stage-specific surveillance after local and organ-sparing approaches to esophageal cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Quimiorradioterapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Esofagectomia , Esofagoscopia , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual
15.
Maturitas ; 148: 18-23, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of symptomatic and asymptomatic women with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp. DESIGN: An Israel Gynecologic Oncology Group multi-center retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Of 635 patients with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2014 in one of 11 centers in Israel were divided into two groups according to the presence of bleeding symptoms. Outcome measures included recurrence-free survival, disease-specific survival and overall survival. Survival data were plotted according to the method of Kaplan and Meier and compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: There were 513 symptomatic and 122 asymptomatic women with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp. The median follow-up was 52 months (range 12-120 months). There were no differences between patients who experienced bleeding and those who did not in 5-year recurrence-free survival (85.2 % vs. 85.7 %; p=0.83, respectively), disease-specific survival (88.2 % vs. 89.2 %; p=0.71, respectively), or overall survival (80.2% vs. 78.4 %; p=0.97, respectively). CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of endometrial cancer in patients with asymptomatic endometrial polyps is not associated with improved outcomes as compared with patients with bleeding. In the absence of factors indicating a high risk of endometrial cancer, clinical and sonographic follow-up is the advised management strategy for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Pólipos/mortalidade , Idoso , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Israel , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pólipos/complicações , Pólipos/diagnóstico , Pólipos/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ultrassonografia
16.
Clin Adv Hematol Oncol ; 19(4): 246-260, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989273

RESUMO

In the vast majority of cases, cutaneous melanoma presents as localized disease and is treated with wide excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy, with shared decision making regarding completion lymph node dissection and adjuvant systemic therapy. The treatment of recurrent and in-transit disease is more complex, with further options for regional and systemic therapies and multiple variables to be factored into decisions. Rates of overall and complete response to regional therapies can be quite high in carefully chosen patients, which limits the need for systemic therapies and their inherent side effects. Ongoing trials aim to assess the efficacy of combination regional and systemic therapies and assist in deciding among these options. This review discusses the treatment of primary melanoma and regional nodal disease and offers an in-depth discussion of options for the treatment of recurrent melanoma and in-transit melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Animais , Corantes/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Interleucina-2/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Rosa Bengala/uso terapêutico , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25784, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950974

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) have been used in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). The response rate and the depth of responses induced by anti-BCMA CAR-T cells are impressive. However, despite this, remissions are not sustained, and the majority of patients eventually relapse. PATIENT CONCERNS: Two patients with multiple myeloma (MM) were selected to enroll in a phase I study involving anti-BCMA CAR-T cells (ChiCTR-OPC-16009113) because they did not have the good effect after traditional treatment. One is a 48-year-old male patient who received a diagnosis of IgG lambda MM in June 2015, he has received 4 cycles of cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (CyBorD) and obtained a complete response (CR). Approximately 11 months later, the disease progressed. Subsequent treatment included regimens incorporating liposomal doxorubicin, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (3 cycles); the response was poor, and the disease kept progressing. Another 65-year-old female patient received a diagnosis of IgG lambda MM in September 2016, she has received induction therapy with 1 cycle of bortezomib and dexamethasone (VD) and 4 cycles of lenalidomide and dexamethasone, the response was poor. DIAGNOSIS: Both patients were diagnosed with RRMM according to the International Myeloma Working Group criteria. INTERVENTIONS: Both patients received infusions of anti-BCMA CAR-T cells following an induction chemotherapy regimen of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. OUTCOMES: Both of them achieved a stringent CR at the 30th day with minimal residual disease-negative bone marrow by flow cytometry and serum monoclonal protein was undetectable at 4 and 10 months after cell transfusion. The CR has persisted in the 2 patients for >36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the anti-BCMA CAR-T cell treatment is a feasible therapeutic option for patients with RRMM. Fewer early lines of treatment may be beneficial to maintain the efficacy of CAR-T cells. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-OPC-16009113.


Assuntos
Antígeno de Maturação de Linfócitos B/antagonistas & inibidores , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Cancer Causes Control ; 32(7): 753-761, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830387

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the factors that influence the risk of metastatic relapse in women presenting with stage I-III breast cancer in New Zealand. METHODS: The study included women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer. Cumulative incidence of distant metastatic relapse was examined with the Kaplan-Meier method by cancer stage and subtype. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio of developing recurrent metastatic breast cancer by cancer stage and biomarker subtype after adjustment for other factors. RESULTS: A total of 17,543 eligible women were identified. The 5-year cumulative incidence of metastatic recurrence was 3.7% for stage I, 13.3% for stage II and 30.9% for stage III disease. The adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of stage II and stage III breast cancer developing metastatic disease were 2.07 and 4.82 compared to stage I. The adjusted risk of distant metastatic relapse was highest for luminal B HER2- cancers (adjusted HR: 1.59 compared to luminal A disease). Higher grade cancers were associated with a higher risk of metastases. After adjustment, women aged 60-69 years and Asian women had the lowest risk of distant metastatic relapse. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of women with locally invasive breast cancer differs greatly with the chance of developing metastatic disease depending on the stage of disease at diagnosis and the subtype. Grade of disease at diagnosis was also important. Maori or Pacific ethnicity did not influence the risk of developing metastatic disease, although Asian women seemed less likely to develop metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
19.
JSLS ; 25(1)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879996

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: This study was conducted to identify whether surgical stress during the peri-operative period of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy might affect biochemical recurrence in patients with positive surgical margins. Methods: Participants in the present study were 324 consecutive patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy between February 2013 and June 2018. Positive surgical margins were diagnosed in 61 of them. Patients with positive surgical margins were divided into those with (n = 19) and those without (n = 42) biochemical recurrence. Lymph node dissection, estimated blood loss, inhalation anesthetic volume, and surgical duration were evaluated as indicators of surgical stress. White blood cell count, C-reactive protein, body temperature, and usage of analgesics were postoperatively evaluated as surrogate markers of surgical stress. The associations between factors, including patients' characteristics and pathological features, and biochemical recurrence were investigated. Results: In univariate analyses, surgical duration (P = 0.004), D'Amico risk class (P = 0.002), Gleason score (P = 0.022) and the number of positive cores in prostate biopsy (P = 0.009) were statistically significantly associated with biochemical recurrence. In multivariate analyses, only surgical duration was significantly associated with biochemical recurrence (P = 0.042), at a cut-off value of surgical duration of 228.5 minutes. Conclusions: Prolonged surgical duration is associated with biochemical recurrence in patients with positive surgical margins. Thus, surgical duration should be limited as much as possible to reduce surgical stress, which might cause biochemical recurrence.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Estresse Fisiológico , Idoso , Anestésicos Inalatórios/administração & dosagem , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Duração da Cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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