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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 178, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inflammation indexes in blood routine play an essential role in evaluating the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, but the effect on early recurrence has not been clarified. The study aimed to investigate the risk factors of early recurrence (within 2 years) and recurrence-free survival after curative hepatectomy and explore the role of inflammatory indexes in predicting early recurrence. METHODS: The baseline data of 161 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. The optimal cut-off value of the inflammatory index was determined according to the Youden index. Its predictive performance was compared by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to determine the risk factors of early recurrence and recurrence-free survival. RESULTS: The area under the curve of monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) for predicting early recurrence was 0.700, which was better than systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and systemic immune-inflammatory index (SII). MLR, tumour size, tumour differentiation and BCLC stage are all risk factors for early recurrence and recurrence-free survival of HCC. Combining the above four risk factors to construct a joint index, the area under the curve for predicting early recurrence was 0.829, which was better than single MLR, tumour size, tumour differentiation and BCLC stage. Furthermore, with the increase of risk factors, the recurrence-free survival of patients is worse. CONCLUSION: The combination of MLR and clinical risk factors is helpful for clinicians to identify high-risk patients with early recurrence and carry out active postoperative adjuvant therapy to improve the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatectomia , Inflamação , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Monócitos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24640, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578585

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide with a high mortality rate. The specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have made enormous strides in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. The novel systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), a parameter that integrates lymphocytes, neutrophils, and platelets, has been found to play the vital role of a marker for predicting survival and recrudescence in various tumors.We retrospectively examined 102 patients with different EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinomas. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test. Cut-off points were identified using the receiver operating characteristic curves with the maximum log-rank values. The Cox proportional hazards regression, expressed as p value, hazards regression, and 95% confidence interval, was conducted to assess the prognostic values of variables in overall survival (OS)/ progression-free survival (PFS).Lower SII was associated with prolonged survival in patients with different EGFR mutant lung adenocarcinomas in both variable and multivariable analyses.SII before treatment was a powerful indicator for the PFS and OS of patients who received the first-generation EGFR-TKI.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Inflamação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Cancer Imaging ; 21(1): 3, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The utility of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in detecting suspected local recurrence post radical prostatectomy (RP) may be associated with PSA and Gleason grade. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the likelihood of detecting locally recurrent prostate cancer utilizing mpMRI in patients with suspected recurrence following radical prostatectomy (RP) parsed by PSA and Gleason grade. METHODS: One hundred ninety five patients with suspected local recurrence were imaged on a 1.5 T MRI with torso array and endorectal coil in this retrospective study. mpMRI interpretations were stratified by PSA and lower (Gleason < 7) vs. higher grade tumors (Gleason 8-10). Recursive partitioning was used to determine whether mpMRI interpretations could be classified as positive or negative. RESULTS: The majority of mpMRI interpretations in patients with lower Gleason grade tumors and PSA < 0.5 ng/mL were negative (68/78, 87.2%, p = 0.004). The majority of mpMRI interpretations in patients with higher Gleason grade tumors and PSA > 1.5 ng/mL were positive (8/9, 88.9%, p = 0.003). Findings were corroborated by recursive partitioning, which identified a PSA = 0.5 ng/ml in patients with lower grade tumors and a PSA = 1.5 ng/mL in patients with higher grade tumors as differentiating negative and positive mpMRIs. CONCLUSION: In the setting of suspected recurrence after RP, mpMRI results are associated with PSA and Gleason grade, both of which can help guide when mpMRI may find utility. mpMRI is likely to be low diagnostic yield and negative for recurrence (87%) in the setting of lower Gleason grade tumors and PSA < 0.5 ng/mL. mpMRI is likely to be of low diagnostic value and positive for recurrence (89%) in the setting of PSA > 1.5 ng/mL and higher grade tumors; in this case, mpMRI findings may be more useful for directing biopsy and local therapy. Between these extremes, PSA > 0.5 ng/mL and lower grade tumors or PSA < 1.5 ng/mL and higher grade tumors, mpMRI results are less predictable, suggesting greater diagnostic value for detecting recurrence post prostatectomy.


Assuntos
Calicreínas/sangue , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Biópsia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 53, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between postoperative lymph nodes (LNs) recurrence and distinct serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: This study included PTC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (TT) with at least central neck dissection and then re-operated due to recurrence of LNs between January 2013 and June 2018. These patients were grouped by negative or positive serum Tg levels according to the American Thyroid Association guidelines. RESULTS: Of the 60 included patients, 49 underwent radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment. Maximum unstimulated Tg (uTg) ≥ 0.2 ng/mL were associated with larger diameter of recurrent LNs (P = 0.027), and higher rate of metastatic LNs (P < 0.001). Serum-stimulated Tg (off-Tg) ≥ 1 ng/mL (P = 0.047) and unstimulated Tg (on-Tg) ≥ 0.2 ng/Ml (P = 0.013) were associated with larger diameter of recurrent LNs. Number of metastatic LNs ≥ 8 was an independent predictor for postoperative maximum uTg ≥ 0.2 ng/mL (OR = 8.767; 95% CI = 1.392-55.216; P = 0.021). Ratio of metastatic LNs ≥ 25% was an independent predictor for off-Tg ≥ 1 ng/mL (OR = 20.997; 95% CI = 1.649-267.384; P = 0.019). CONCLUSION: Postoperative Tg-positive status was associated with larger size of recurrent LNs. Number of metastatic LNs ≥ 8 and ratio of metastatic LNs ≥ 25% were independent predicators for uTg-positive and off-Tg-positive status, respectively.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tireoglobulina/sangue , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/sangue , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/radioterapia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(52): e23723, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the common gastrointestinal tumors, with high recurrence and metastasis rates. Tumor marker tumor marker carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) has been used in the screening and diagnosis of gastric cancer, but whether it can be used as an indicator to monitor the prognosis of gastric cancer remains a great controversy. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the correlation between tumor marker CA72-4 and prognosis of gastric cancer patients. METHODS: A systematic search was performed by retrieving on English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (China Knowledge Network, Wanfang, Weipu (VIP Information Chinese Journal Service Platform), CBM) of clinical study on the correlation between tumor marker CA72-4 and prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The retrieval time limit was from the establishment of the database to October 2020. Two researchers independently extracted and evaluated the quality of the data in the included study. A meta-analysis was performed using Stata12.0 and RevMan5.3 software. CONCLUSIONS: This study will compare the correlation between tumor marker CA72-4 and prognosis of gastric cancer patients, so as to provide evidence-based basis for clinicians to select prognostic indicators of gastric cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also does not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval was not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated at relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI: 10.17605 / OSF.IO / B3AMN.


Assuntos
Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23418, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple negative breast cancer affects 10% to 20% of all women diagnosed with breast cancer. Due to its characteristics, treatment strategies are limited and metastatic recurrences are common in the first 5 years after treatment. However, not all patients affected by this disease develop metastases. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have shown to be reliable predictive biomarkers of treatment response and metastatic recurrences. However, we need to develop simpler and faster ways to predict response to cytotoxic treatment and the possibility of eventual cancer relapse by identifying new biomarkers. Recently, new studies are emerging, suggesting a predictive role of circulating blood cells in different types of cancer. In this study, we will assess the correlation between tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and different elements of the blood count in patients diagnosed with triple negative breast cancer. METHODS: The main objective of this study is to evaluate the correlation between the peripheral neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and the amount of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, assessed in triple negative breast cancer patients at diagnosis. Secondary objectives include evaluation of the correlation between tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes at diagnosis and the baseline absolute neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, as well as the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. The triple negative breast cancer patients will be enrolled in the PERCEPTION trial during the first year after the treatment completion. Two supplementary blood tests, at 12 months after the end of treatment and at the time of the first metastatic recurrence, will be performed. DISCUSSION: The discovery of new prognostic and predictive biomarkers is crucial for triple negative breast cancer. We set up the PERCEPTION clinical trial in order to evaluate certain blood counts as early biomarkers and to assess their correlation with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Demonstration of comparative predictive and/or prognostic capacities of peripheral blood counts and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes would allow introduction of the former as simple and cheap biomarkers in triple negative breast cancer patient management. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The PERCEPTION study has been registered in the French National Agency of Medical Security registry on the 2nd of July 2019 under the number 2019-A01861-56 and in the ClinicalTrials.org registry under the number NCT04068623.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925860, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Biomarkers predicting the efficacy of treatment for locally limited prostate cancer are greatly needed. This knowledge could improve the classification of patients for different methods of treatment and enable better recognition of groups with higher risk of biological recurrence. We prospectively assessed serial blood levels of apoptotic biomarkers and correlated them with response to treatment and clinical factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS Blood was collected from 25 patients with prostate cancer before and after surgery, 16 healthy volunteers with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and 14 patients with metastasized disease. Immunoenzymatic methods were used to determine circulating apoptotic and inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), type I receptor (TNFRI), and type II receptor (TNFRII); FAS ligand (FasL); TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRIAL); caspase 8 (Cas8); caspase 9 (Cas9); DNA methylation (metDNA); P-selectin; and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. The total circulating fragments of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) were measured directly in serum. RESULTS Peripheral serum prostate-specific antigen increased rapidly together with cfDNA. A negative correlation was noted between tumor volume and TNFRI and TNFRII. Postsurgery P-selectin level was decreased, and metDNA and TNFRII levels were increased. Three comparisons were made between patient groups: surgical vs. BPH; surgical vs. palliative; and palliative vs. BPH. TNFRI, TNFRII, metDNA, P-selectin, Cas8, and FasL were shown to have significant roles. CONCLUSIONS The study indicated significant roles for cfDNA, both TNF receptors, metDNA, and P-selectin as serum biomarkers in patients with prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Metilação de DNA , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Selectina-P/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata , Receptores Tipo II do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/sangue , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/sangue , Idoso , Apoptose , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Prostatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Medição de Risco/métodos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22803, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120800

RESUMO

Routine postoperative surveillance is recommended for the patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to clarify the conditions indicate initial suspicion of CRC recurrence in different preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level groups, including positive physical signs/symptoms, elevated CEA level, positive radiologic studies results, and other elevated tumor markers.A total of 2268 patients with recurrence after curative surgery for CRC were enrolled in this study. The patients were classified into 3 groups according to preoperative serum CEA level (low, <2 ng/mL; intermediate, ≥2 and <5 ng/mL; and high, ≥5 ng/mL).Up to 63.6% of recurrence was suspected based on elevated CEA level in the high preoperative serum CEA level group. Patients in the low preoperative serum CEA level group had a higher rate of initial suspicion of recurrence based on positive physical signs or symptoms (36.7% vs 26.9% vs 20.4%, P < .001) and positive radiologic findings (51.4% vs 40.7% vs 29.5%, P < .001) than those in the intermediate and high preoperative serum CEA groups.Conditions indicate initial suspicion of recurrence varied in the different preoperative serum CEA level groups. In patients with low preoperative serum CEA level, the detection of recurrence depend on abnormal CEA level is less sensitive than intermediate and high preoperative serum CEA groups. We suggest that the strategy for CRC surveillance should not depend on serum CEA level alone. The signs or symptoms of patients, changes in postoperative serial CEA level, and ongoing radiologic or imaging findings must be cautiously monitored.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6417-6428, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Silencing mediator of retinoid and thyroid receptors (SMRT) is a nuclear corepressor in thyroid and estrogen hormones pathways. The aim was to evaluate SMRT expression in relation to thyroid hormone levels and prognostic markers in breast cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum and tumor tissues were obtained from 36 patients with benign breast disease (BBD) and 79 BC patients. SMRT expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Free-triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were measured in serum. RESULTS: Higher FT4, lower FT3/FT4 ratio and higher expression of SMRT were found in BC compared to BBD (for all p<0.001). In BC, increased SMRT expression was associated with lower FT3 (p=0.028), higher tumor grade (p=0.031), increased KI67 proliferation index (p=0.015), higher risk of recurrence (p=0.014) and shorter disease-free survival (p=0.006). In multivariate analysis, SMRT overexpression and below-median levels of TSH were independent prognostic factors in BC. CONCLUSION: Elevated FT4 and decreased FT3/FT4 in BC patients suggest a role for thyroid hormones in malignant transformation. SMRT tumor overexpression is associated with lower FT3 levels, tumor proliferative activity and an aggressive clinical course.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Correpressor 2 de Receptor Nuclear/genética , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Correpressor 2 de Receptor Nuclear/sangue , Prognóstico , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/genética
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5715-5725, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The platelet distribution width (PDW) and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are known to be predictive of prognosis in various malignancies. Our aim was to determine whether combining PDW and serum CRP levels produces a prognostic indicator for esophageal cancer (EC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 168 EC patients who underwent neoadjuvant therapy prior to esophagectomy were included in this study. RESULTS: We defined a combined PDW and CRP (CPC) score as follows: patients with both low pretherapeutic PDW (≤12.4 fl) and high postoperative serum CRP levels (≥0.5 mg/dl) were assigned a score of 2, while patients with one or neither of those were assigned a score of 1 or 0. A multivariable analysis showed that the CPC score was a significant risk factor for overall (p=0.006) and recurrence-free (p=0.004) survival. CONCLUSION: The CPC score is a strong prognostic indicator in EC patients.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Prognóstico , Idoso , Plaquetas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fatores de Risco
11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 896-903, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927515

RESUMO

Objective: At present, the modified NIH classification commonly used in clinical practice is still insufficient for assessing the risk of postoperative recurrence in some patients with intermediate-high risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Through exploring risk factors for recurrence of intermediate-high risk GIST, this study establishes a predictive model for recurrence with more convenience and more precision in order to guide adjuvant therapy for intermediate-high risk GIST patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was carried out. Clinical and pathological data of 432 GIST patients who did not receive preoperative targeted treatment, underwent complete resection in the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2005 to June 2018, and were diagnosed as intermediate- or high-risk based on modified NIH classification by postopertive pathology, were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression model was used to idenitify independent risk factors of recurrence, and a recurrence risk scoring model was established. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve), consistency index (C-index) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the accuracy of the scoring model in predicting the recurrence of moderate-risk and high-risk GIST patients. Results: Among 432 GIST patients, 332 were diagnosed as high-risk and 100 as moderate-risk; 237 were males and 195 females with average age of (57.4±12.4) years. Of 432 patients, 211 cases (48.8%) had fibrinogen (FIB) >3.5 g/L; 85 cases (19.7%) had platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR)>272.5; 122 cases (28.2%) had neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) > 4.2; 102 cases (23.6%) had systemic inflammatory reaction index (SIRI)> 2.7; 198 cases (45.8%) had tumor long diameter >8 cm and 108 cases (25.0%) had mitotic counts > 8/50 HPF. Cox multivariable analysis showed that FIB (HR=1.789, 95% CI: 1.058-3.027, P=0.030), PLR (HR=1.862, 95% CI: 1.067-3.249, P=0.029), SIRI (HR=1.790, 95% CI: 1.039-3.084, P=0.036), tumor long diameter (HR=1.970, 95% CI: 1.105-2.925, P=0.017) and mitotic counts (HR=2.187, 95% CI:1.211-3.950, P=0.009) were independent risk factors for recurrence in patients with middle-risk and high-risk GIST. These 5 factors were included in the risk scoring model, which was given a weight score of 58 points, 62 points, 58 points, 63 points, and 78 points, respectively. Patients with a total score of ≤ 78 points were classified as moderate-risk recurrence (group I), those of 78 to 136 points as high-risk recurrence (group II) and those of >136 points as very high-risk recurrence (group III). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the scoring model was 0.730 and the C-index was 0.724 (95% CI:0.687-0.787). The calibration curves and the Kaplan-Meier curves of patients in the three groups revealed that this model had a good predictive accuracy. Conclusions: For intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST patients, the preoperative FIB >3.5 g/L, PLR > 272.5 and SIRI > 2.7 are independent risk factors of recurrence after surgery. The recurrence risk scoring model established by combining tumor long diameter, mitotic counts, FIB, PLR and SIRI can effectively predict the risk of postoperative recurrence and metastasis in moderate-risk and high-risk GIST patients.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/análise , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/sangue , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4881, 2020 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985506

RESUMO

Thymoma is the most common tumor of the anterior mediastinum. Routine imaging methods such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging often lead to misdiagnosis between thymoma and other thymic abnormalities. Therefore, urgently needed is to develop a new diagnostic strategy. Here we identify interleukin-8 (IL-8) as a biomarker for auxiliary diagnosis of thymoma. We find that IL-8 levels in naïve T cells are markedly elevated in patients with thymoma compared to those with other thymic tumors. IL-8 levels in naive T cells are significantly decreased after surgical resection in thymoma patients, and rise again when thymoma recurs. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis shows that IL-8 evaluation performs well in thymoma identification, with high specificities and sensitivities. We also observe significant clinical relevance between IL-8 levels in naïve T cells and clinicopathological features. In conclusion, our study suggests that IL-8 is a biomarker for thymoma identification and recurrence surveillance.


Assuntos
Interleucina-8/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Timoma/sangue , Neoplasias do Timo/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-8/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Timoma/genética , Timoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Timo/genética , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(9): 628-635, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stereotactic body radiation treatment represents an intriguing therapeutic option for patients with early-stage prostate cancer. In this phase II study, stereotactic body radiation treatment was delivered by volumetric modulated arc therapy with flattening filter free beams and was gated using real-time electromagnetic transponder system to maximize precision of radiotherapy and, potentially, to reduce toxicities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients affected by histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) intermediate class of risk were enrolled in this phase II study. Beacon transponders were positioned transrectally within the prostate parenchyma 7 to 10 days before simulation computed tomography scan. The radiotherapy schedule was 38 Gy in 4 fractions delivered every other day. Toxicity assessment was performed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), v4.0. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients were enrolled in this study. Median initial prostate-specific antigen was 7.0 ng/mL (range: 2.3 to 14.0 ng/mL). Median nadir-prostate-specific antigen after treatment was 0.2 ng/mL (range: 0.006 to 4.8 ng/mL). A genitourinary acute toxicity was observed in 21 patients (dysuria grade [G] 1: 41.7%, G2: 16.7%). Gastrointestinal acute toxicity was found in 9 patients (proctitis G1: 19.4%, G2: 5.6%). Late toxicity was mild (genitourinary toxicity G1: 30.6%; G2: 8.3%; gastrointestinal toxicity G1: 13.9%; G2: 19.4%). At a median follow-up time of 41 months, 3 biochemical recurrences were observed (2 local recurrences, 1 distant metastasis). Three-year biochemical recurrence-free survival was 89.8% (International Society of Urologic Pathology Grade Group 2: 100%, Grade Group 3: 77.1%, P=0.042). CONCLUSION: Ultrahypofractionated radiotherapy, delivered with flattening filter free-volumetric modulated arc therapy and gated by electromagnetic transponders, is a valid option for intermediate-risk prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Idoso , Diarreia/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Disuria/etiologia , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noctúria/etiologia , Proctite/etiologia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236569, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inflammatory biomarkers, YKL-40 and interleukin-6 (IL-6), are elevated in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. We examined their associations with relapse-free survival and overall survival in combination with serum C-reactive protein (CRP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in patients with colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: Altogether 441 consecutive patients undergoing liver resection at Helsinki University Hospital between 1998 and 2013 were included in the study. Pre- and postoperative YKL-40 and IL-6 were determined from serum samples with commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, and CRP, CEA, and CA19-9 by routine methods. Associations between these biomarkers and relapse-free and overall survival were examined using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with 2-5 elevated biomarkers were at an increased risk of relapse compared to those with 0-1 elevated biomarkers, preoperatively (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.1-1.72) or postoperatively (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.23-1.92). Patients with 2-5 elevated biomarkers were also at an increased risk of death compared to those with 0-1 elevated biomarkers, preoperatively (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.39-2.24) or postoperatively (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.44-2.33). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that a protein panel of the inflammatory biomarkers YKL-40, IL-6, and CRP, and the cancer biomarkers CEA and CA19-9 might identify patients that benefit from more aggressive treatment and surveillance, although the additional value of IL-6 and CRP in this aspect is limited.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
15.
Actas urol. esp ; 44(6): 437-443, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199421

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El objetivo del trabajo fue valorar la utilidad de la PET/TC con 18F-colina en pacientes con cáncer de próstata tratados con braquiterapia en recidiva bioquímica, así como valorar los cambios en el manejo terapéutico derivados de su resultado. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron 20 pacientes entre 51 y 78 años, con antecedente de adenocarcinoma de próstata que habían sido tratados con braquiterapia, que presentaban recidiva bioquímica (PSA 3,1-12ng/ml) y estudio de extensión (TC y gammagrafía ósea) sin alteraciones. Los hallazgos visualizados en la PET/TC con 18F-colina fueron correlacionados con la histopatología y/o la evolución del PSA tras la terapia. RESULTADOS: En 15 pacientes la PET/TC con 18F-colina detectó únicamente recidiva local. En 4 pacientes recidiva local y linfática y en un1 paciente afectación local y ósea. La recidiva local detectada en la PET se confirmó anatomopatológicamente en el 85% de los casos. En un paciente los hallazgos visualizados en la PET resultaron ser una prostatitis y en otro paciente no se pudo confirmar. De los pacientes con recidiva local y linfática se confirmó histológicamente la recidiva local en 3 de 4. En el 25% de los pacientes la PET/TC con 18F-colina cambió el manejo terapéutico, desestimando la cirugía de rescate inicialmente prevista en 3 casos, en uno radioterapia y en otro la braquiterapia. CONCLUSIÓN: La PET/TC con 18F-colina podría ser una técnica útil en el grupo de pacientes tratados con braquiterapia con recidiva bioquímica, permitiendo localizar la afectación locorregional y a distancia no detectada con imágenes convencionales, determinando así un manejo terapéutico más adecuado


OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of 18F-choline PET/CT in biochemically recurrent prostate cancer patients treated with brachytherapy, as well as to assess the changes in therapeutic management derived from its outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 20 patients between 51 and 78 years old, with a history of prostate adenocarcinoma that had been treated with brachytherapy and presented biochemical recurrence (PSA 3.1-12 ng/ml) and staging tests (CT and bone scan) without alterations, were included. The findings visualized in the PET/CT scan with 18F-choline were correlated with the histopathology and/or the evolution of the PSA after therapy. RESULTS: 18F-choline PET/CT scan only detected local recurrence in 15 patients. Local and regional recurrences were seen in 4 patients, and 1 patient presented local and bone recurrence. Local recurrence detected in PET was confirmed by anatomopathological studies in 85% of the cases. In one patient, these findings (PET scan) turned out to be prostatitis, and it could not be confirmed in another patient. Of the cases with local and regional recurrence, local recurrence was histologically confirmed in 3 out of 4 patients. 18F-choline PET/CT changed the therapeutic management in 25% of the patients, discarding the initially planned salvage surgery in 3 cases, 1 radiotherapy and 1 brachytherapy. CONCLUSION: 18F-choline PET/CT could be a useful technique in the group of patients with biochemical recurrence after brachytherapy, providing locoregional and distant involvement findings which had not been detected with conventional imaging tests, thus determining a more adequate therapeutic management


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Braquiterapia , Colina/análogos & derivados , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(3): 624-629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719278

RESUMO

Objective: Thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) are detected in thyroid cancer patients up to 25%. We investigated the prognostic value of TgAb positivity in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) after initial therapy. Patients and Methods: A database of 109 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and therapeutic lateral neck dissection followed by remnant ablation for PTC between January 1989 and December 2014 was reviewed We recorded the patients' all serum Tg and TgAb levels over time to establish changing trends. Patients were classified as either positive or negative according to serum TgAb levels. The recurrence or persistence rates in both groups were compared. Results: Of the 109 patients enrolled 14 patients had TgAb positivity. Thirty-two (29.3%) showed disease recurrence or persistent disease during 101 months of follow-up. Twenty-seven of 95 patients (28.4%) with negative TgAb had persistent or recurrent disease, whereas 5 of 14 patients (35.7%) with positive TgAb had persistence or recurrence (P = 0.57). No significant difference in disease-free survival (115.3 ± 10.8 vs. 224.1 ± 16.6 months, P = 0.78) and overall survival (P = 0.59) was observed between TgAb positive and TgAb negative patients. Conclusions: TgAb status is not useful as a prognostic and predictive factor for clinical outcomes in patients with PTC in our experience.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Carcinoma Papilar/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Tireoglobulina/imunologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Papilar/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 46, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been scanty data regarding the clinical significance of tumor conspicuity in pancreatic cancer. In this study, we attempted to investigate the prognostic significance of pancreatic tumor conspicuity and determine prognostic factors for postoperative recurrence in patients with surgically resected pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Between January 2011 and September 2019, 62 patients who underwent preoperative computed tomography (CT) for pancreatic cancer were retrospectively included. Two reviewers evaluated various clinical, imaging, and pathologic variables and reviewed all available medical records to determine patient outcomes after surgery. Tumor conspicuity was defined as the attenuation ratio between normal parenchyma and tumor lesions on dynamic-enhanced CT images and represented the conspicuity score. Recurrence-free survival and overall survival were investigated using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Patient mean age was 65.9 (±11.6) years, and 56.5% were male. The median follow-up period was 11 months (range 2-138). Forty patients (64.5%) experienced postoperative recurrence, and the median time to recurrence was 6 months (range 1-101). Tumor conspicuity scores were positively correlated with both radiologic and pathologic tumor sizes (r = 0.252, 0.321, p < 0.01). Conspicuity score ≥ 2 (HR 3.8, 95% CI 1.73-8.47), elevated preoperative (HR 1.15, 95% CI; 1.02-1.28) and postoperative CA19-9 (HR 1.11, 95% CI 1.01-1.23), pathologic tumor size (HR 1.61, 95% CI 1.06-2.45), and lymphatic invasion (HR 2.76, 95% CI 1.22-6.21) were significant factors for recurrence-free survival in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Over half of the patients with pancreatic cancer experienced postoperative recurrence (64.5%). Increased tumor conspicuity correlated with larger tumor size and postoperative recurrence.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia
18.
J Urol ; 204(5): 950-955, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602770

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Men in whom external beam radiotherapy fails are usually placed on delayed hormone therapy. Some of these men have localized recurrence that might be suitable for further local therapy. We describe patterns of recurrence and suitability for focal ablative therapy in those undergoing transperineal template prostate mapping biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 145 consecutive patients (December 2007 to May 2014) referred with suspicion of recurrence due to rising prostate specific antigen after external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy who underwent transperineal template prostate mapping biopsies. Suitability for focal ablative therapy required the cancer to be unifocal or unilateral, or bilateral/multifocal with 1 dominant index lesion and secondary lesions with Gleason score 3+3=6 with no more than 3 mm cancer core involvement. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 70.7 (SD 5.8) years. Median prostate specific antigen at time of transperineal template prostate mapping biopsy was 4.5 ng/ml (IQR 2.5-7.7). Overall 75.9% (110) were suitable for a form of focal salvage treatment, 40.7% (59) were suitable for quadrant ablation, 14.5% (21) hemiablation, 14.5% (21) bilateral focal ablation and 6.2% (9) for index lesion ablation. CONCLUSIONS: Three-quarters of patients who have localized radiorecurrent prostate cancer may be suitable for focal ablative therapy to the prostate based on transperineal template prostate mapping biopsies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Calicreínas/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Medição de Risco , Terapia de Salvação/efeitos adversos
19.
J Urol ; 204(5): 909-917, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698712

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the prognostic impact of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate in patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis statement. We searched PubMed®, Web of Science™, the Cochrane Library and Scopus® up to October 2019. The end points were biochemical recurrence-free, cancer specific and overall survival. RESULTS: We identified 32 studies with 179,766 patients. A total of 31 studies containing 179,721 patients with localized and advanced prostate cancer were eligible for meta-analysis. In localized prostate cancer intraductal disease was associated with adverse outcomes including lower biochemical recurrence-free survival (pooled HR 2.09, 95% CI 1.75-2.50) and cancer specific survival (pooled HR 2.93, 95% CI 2.25-3.81). In advanced prostate cancer overall survival was lower in patients with vs without intraductal disease (pooled HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.43-2.14). Subgroup analysis by specimen type revealed that intraductal carcinoma of the prostate is a significant negative prognostic factor in both biopsies and prostatectomy specimens. Moreover, subgroup analyses based on the histopathological definitions of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate indicated that intraductal disease was significantly associated with lower biochemical recurrence-free, cancer specific and overall survival for almost all definitions. CONCLUSIONS: Intraductal disease is a histopathological feature of biologically and clinically aggressive prostate cancer. It confers worse oncologic outcomes in both localized and advanced prostate cancer, whether assessed in biopsy or prostatectomy specimen. The pathologist should assess for and report on the presence of intraductal disease in all prostate specimens. The urologist and radiation oncologist should consider this adverse feature in their clinical decision making.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Biópsia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/sangue , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/terapia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Calicreínas/sangue , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia
20.
Oncology ; 98(10): 714-718, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the clinical usefulness of serum tumor markers for early detection of distant breast cancer recurrence using FDG-PET/CT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 561 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for invasive primary breast cancer and had increased tumor markers (CA 15-3 and CEA) after completion of locoregional therapy. FDG-PET/CT data were reviewed for all cases. CA 15-3 and CEA were evaluated both in a continuous and in a quartile (Q) distribution. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test and logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between increased tumor marker values and the presence (and type) of distant metastases. RESULTS: The median value of CA 15-3 was 35.0 U/mL (IQR, 29.5-43.0) in cases where no distant metastases were detected, and it was 58.9 U/mL (IQR, 40.0-108.0) in cases where metastases were detected (p < 0.001). The median value of CEA was 6.6 U/mL (IQR, 4.4-10.0) in cases of no metastases and 12.4 U/mL (IQR, 6.9-30.0) in cases of metastases (p < 0.001). Increased levels of both tumor markers (Q3 and Q4) were strongly associated with the presence of distant metastases. The association between CA 15-3 and bone/liver metastases was stronger compared with other types of metastases (p heterogeneity between odds ratios [ORs] = 0.03 for Q3 and <0.001 for Q4), while no relevant heterogeneity between ORs emerged for CEA. CONCLUSION: Increased tumor marker levels detected in asymptomatic breast cancer patients during adjuvant therapies and follow-up are significantly predictive of distant metastases identified on FDG-PET/CT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Mucina-1/sangue , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos
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