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1.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(41): 1492-1493, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056952

RESUMO

On June 16, 2020, a recreational ice hockey game was played at an ice rink in the Tampa Bay, Florida, metropolitan area. Teams A and B, each consisting of 11 players (typically six on the ice and five on the bench at any given time), included men aged 19-53 years. During the 5 days after the game, 15 persons (14 of the 22 players and a rink staff member) experienced signs and symptoms compatible with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)*; 13 of the 15 ill persons had positive laboratory test results indicating infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Widespread transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been documented at a choir practice (1) and at meat processing plants (2,3); however, apart from an outbreak involving 57 infected dancers that has been linked to high-intensity fitness dance classes in South Korea (4) and a cluster of five infected persons at a squash facility in Slovenia (5), few published reports are available regarding transmission associated with specific sports games or practices. In addition, outbreaks of COVID-19 infections among amateur hockey players in the United States have recently been reported in the news.†.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Hóquei , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Recreação , Adulto , Florida/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1376, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hearing loss and tinnitus are global concerns that can be reduced through hearing protection behaviors (e.g., earplug use). Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions to increase hearing protection use in recreational domains. For the first time we review systematically the effectiveness of such interventions. METHODS: Systematic searches of nine databases, as well as grey literature and hand-searching, were conducted. Any study design was included if it assessed quantitatively a purposeful attempt to increase hearing protection in recreational settings. Studies were excluded if they assessed noise exposure from occupational sources and headphones/earphones, as these have been reviewed elsewhere. PROSPERO protocol: CRD42018098573. RESULTS: Eight studies were retrieved following the screening of 1908 articles. Two pretest-posttest studies detected a small to medium effect (d ≥ 0·3 ≤ 0·5), one a small effect (d ~ =0·2) and two no real effect. Three posttest experimental studies detected small to medium effects (d ≥ 0·3 ≤ 0·5). Studies were rated as "poor quality" and 17 out of a possible 93 behavior change techniques were coded, with the majority targeting the intervention function 'education'. CONCLUSIONS: Hearing loss and tinnitus due to recreational noise exposure are major public health concerns yet very few studies have examined preventive interventions. The present systematic review sets the agenda for the future development and testing of evidence-based interventions designed to prevent future hearing loss and tinnitus caused by noise in recreational settings, by recommending systematic approaches to intervention design, and implementation of intervention functions beyond education, such as incentivization, enablement and modeling.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Proteção das Orelhas , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/prevenção & controle , Audição , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Recreação , Zumbido/prevenção & controle , Humanos
3.
J Environ Manage ; 263: 110418, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883482

RESUMO

Social media data are increasingly utilised as a low-cost alternative to visitor surveys in characterising nature-based recreation. However, the information available on individual users is limited and typically does not include provenance, restricting the potential applications and impact of the data. Here we investigate a methodology to estimate social media visitors' home locations at various spatial scales and apply it to the entire network of national parks in Germany. We compare predicted visitor provenance to representative onsite survey data and explore group-specific spatial and temporal patterns of recreation as characterised by users' geotagged photographs. Results show that photograph metadata can be used to assign home locations with accuracies between 62 and 89% depending on spatial scale implemented. Said social media-based predictions are reasonably well representative of the surveyed visitor structure in German national parks with Flickr visitor-days composed of 19% local, 62% non-local German and 19% international visits.


Assuntos
Parques Recreativos , Mídias Sociais , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Alemanha , Recreação , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Environ Manage ; 271: 111055, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778324

RESUMO

The popularity of angling on a global scale reflects the individual needs of people from different social groups in many countries. The socio-economic background and intensity of needs are variable over time and can be modified. These arguments support the development and need to update research among anglers. A new insight into angling research is to link the hierarchy of needs with socio-economic factors concerning and the preferences of anglers in handling fish. These relationships were analyzed using ordinal probit regression and graphically interpreted in an ordination space. The endogenous need for communing with nature is constant in its intensity, regardless of any external factors. Other needs weaken with increasing income, education levels and years engaged in angling. The majority of anglers support releasing fish (66%) and say that the possibility of keeping the fish is not important (62%). It is crucial to identify those anglers for whom the possibility of keeping fish is important and who do not feel extremely negative about releasing fish. The study found that they represent about 25% of the angling population. These findings help to explain the variation in the invasive impact of the identified motivational-preferential profiles of anglers. Cooperation between the associated angling communities and water managers is crucial. By gathering anglers around their own fishing places, they can implement their own educational and organizational solutions.


Assuntos
Pesqueiros , Recreação , Animais , Peixes , Motivação
5.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236047, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673375

RESUMO

Providing runners with footwear that match their functional needs has the potential to improve footwear comfort, enhance running performance and reduce the risk of overuse injuries. It is currently not known how footwear experts make decisions about different shoe features and their properties for runners of different levels. We performed a Delphi study in order to understand: 1) definitions of different runner levels, 2) which footwear features are considered important and 3) how these features should be prescribed for runners of different levels. Experienced academics, journalists, coaches, bloggers and physicians that examine the effects of footwear on running were recruited to participate in three rounds of a Delphi study. Three runner level definitions were refined throughout this study based on expert feedback. Experts were also provided a list of 20 different footwear features. They were asked which features were important and what the properties of those features should be. Twenty-four experts, most with 10+ years of experience, completed all three rounds of this study. These experts came to a consensus for the characteristics of three different running levels. They indicated that 12 of the 20 footwear features initially proposed were important for footwear design. Of these 12 features, experts came to a consensus on how to apply five footwear feature properties for all three different running levels. These features were: upper breathability, forefoot bending stiffness, heel-to-toe drop, torsional bending stiffness and crash pad. Interestingly, the experts were not able to come to a consensus on one of the most researched footwear features, rearfoot midsole hardness. These recommendations can provide a starting point for further biomechanical studies, especially for features that are considered as important, but have not yet been examined experimentally.


Assuntos
Técnica Delfos , Corrida/fisiologia , Sapatos , Adulto , Desempenho Atlético , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recreação , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645844

RESUMO

Increasing global urbanization limits interaction between people and natural environments, which may negatively impact population health and wellbeing. Urban residents who live near parks report better mental health. Physical activity (PA) reduces depression and improves quality of life. Despite PA's protective effects on mental health, the added benefit of urban park use for PA is unclear. Thus, we examined whether park-based PA mediated associations between park proximity and mental distress among 3652 New York City residents (61.4% 45 + years, 58.9% female, 56.3% non-white) who completed the 2010-2011 Physical Activity and Transit (PAT) random-digit-dial survey. Measures included number of poor mental health days in the previous month (outcome), self-reported time to walk to the nearest park from home (exposure), and frequency of park use for sports, exercise or PA (mediator). We used multiple regression with bootstrap-generated 95% bias-corrected confidence intervals (BC CIs) to test for mediation by park-based PA and moderation by gender, dog ownership, PA with others, and perceived park crime. Park proximity was indirectly associated with fewer days of poor mental health via park-based PA, but only among those not concerned about park crime (index of moderated mediation = 0.04; SE = 0.02; 95% BC CI = 0.01, 0.10). Investment in park safety and park-based PA promotion in urban neighborhoods may help to maximize the mental health benefits of nearby parks.


Assuntos
Planejamento Ambiental , Exercício Físico , Saúde Mental , Parques Recreativos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Características de Residência , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Recreação , População Urbana
7.
Edumecentro ; 12(2): 110-127, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090021

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: la promoción de salud es importante para la calidad de vida y debe ser aplicada de manera consciente por todos los profesionales, incluyendo los de cultura física y deporte por su incidencia en el rendimiento de los estudiantes atletas, pero requiere perfeccionarse desde el accionar educativo. Objetivo: valorar el resultado de la aplicación de actividades de recreación física educativa para elevar la calidad de vida de los estudiantes atletas desde una perspectiva de extensión universitaria. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en la Eide Provincial "Héctor Ruiz Pérez" en Santa Clara, Villa Clara, durante los cursos 2017-2018 y 2018-2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético e inductivo-deductivo; y empíricos: observación, análisis documental, el prexperimento, la técnica participativa tormenta de ideas y el criterio de especialistas para la valoración de las actividades. Resultados: el diagnóstico demostró predominio de valoraciones regular y mal en cuanto a las actividades de recreación física realizadas, su orientación, dominio por los docentes, interés por incluirlas en los diferentes procesos y poca preparación para promocionar salud a través de ellas. Fueron diseñadas otras con fines educativos en las que, después de aplicadas, prevalecieron valoraciones de bien en su mayoría y pocas de regular, lo cual demostró su efectividad. Conclusiones: se valoró como adecuada la aplicación de las actividades de recreación física educativa, al favorecer el conocimiento de contenidos relacionados con la promoción de salud, lo cual influye en el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de los estudiantes atletas, desde una perspectiva de extensión universitaria.


ABSTRACT Background: health promotion is important for life quality, it must be consciously applied by all professionals, including those of physical culture and sport because of its impact on the performance of student athletes, but it needs to be perfected by the educational action Objective: to assess the result of the implementation of educational physical recreation activities to raise life quality of student athletes from a university extension perspective. Methods: a development investigation was carried out in"Héctor Ruiz Pérez" Sports school in Villa Clara province, during the 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 academic years. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive; and empirical ones: observation, documentary analysis, pre-experiment, brainstorming participatory technique and the criteria of specialists for the evaluation of activities. Results: the diagnosis showed a predominance of so-so and poor marks regarding the activities carried out, their orientation, mastery by teachers, interest in including them in the different processes and little preparation to promote health through them. After their implementation, the assessment instrument showed that most of the activities got good marks and few of them got so-so, which proved its effectiveness. Conclusions: the application of educational physical recreation activities was valued as adequate, by favoring the knowledge of contents related to health promotion, which influences the improvement of life quality of student athletes, from a university extension perspective.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Recreação , Promoção da Saúde
8.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(25): 781-783, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584799

RESUMO

Outbreaks associated with fresh or marine (i.e., untreated) recreational water can be caused by pathogens or chemicals, including toxins. Voluntary reporting of these outbreaks to CDC's National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) began in 2009. NORS data for 2009-2017 are finalized, and data for 2018-2019 are provisional. During 2009-2019 (as of May 13, 2020), public health officials from 31 states voluntarily reported 119 untreated recreational water-associated outbreaks, resulting at least 5,240 cases; 103 of the outbreaks (87%) started during June-August. Among the 119 outbreaks, 88 (74%) had confirmed etiologies. The leading etiologies were enteric pathogens: norovirus (19 [22%] outbreaks; 1,858 cases); Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) (19 [22%]; 240), Cryptosporidium (17 [19%]; 237), and Shigella (14 [16%]; 713). This report highlights three examples of outbreaks that occurred during 2018-2019, were caused by leading etiologies (Shigella, norovirus, or STEC), and demonstrate the wide geographic distribution of such outbreaks across the United States. Detection and investigation of untreated recreational water-associated outbreaks are challenging, and the sources of these outbreaks often are not identified. Tools for controlling and preventing transmission of enteric pathogens through untreated recreational water include epidemiologic investigations, regular monitoring of water quality (i.e., testing for fecal indicator bacteria), microbial source tracking, and health policy and communications (e.g., observing beach closure signs and not swimming while ill with diarrhea).


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Recreação , Microbiologia da Água , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , California/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Maine/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Purificação da Água , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Environ Manage ; 269: 110779, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32560998

RESUMO

The purpose of this research is to apply visitor employed photography (VEP) to recreation management to develop indicators of the wildlife viewing experience. VEP and semi-structured interviews were used at a popular polar bear viewing destination in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (Arctic Refuge). Visitors to the Arctic Refuge who participated in an on-site semi-structured interview were asked to participate in a VEP procedure after their visit. A sample of 24 semi-structured interviews, and 17 VEP responses were collected and compared to test the utility of VEP to develop indicators of the wildlife viewing experience. Results indicate that VEP offers additional and unique types of information from semi-structured interviews for identifying indicators of the wildlife viewing experience. Potential indicators that emerged from VEP include 'time spent on the water viewing polar bears', and the 'number of vessels in view.' Indicators emerged exclusively from the VEP procedure, demonstrating the utility of VEP for recreation management and scientific inquiry.


Assuntos
Ursidae , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Regiões Árticas , Fotografação , Recreação
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 740: 140122, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540743

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the respiratory illness caused by the novel virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has lead to high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, has been causing major public health concerns since first detected in late 2019. Following identification of novel pathogens, questions in relation to dissemination of the pathogen and transmission routes begin to emerge. This rapidly spreading SARS-CoV-2 virus has been detected in both faecal and wastewater samples across the globe, highlighting the potential for faecal-oral transmission of the virus. As a result, concerns regarding the transmission of the virus in the environment and the risk associated with contracting the virus in recreational waters, particularly where inadequately treated wastewater is discharged, have been emerging in recent weeks. This paper highlights the need for further research to be carried out to investigate the presence, infectivity and viability of this newly identified SARS-CoV-2 virus in wastewater effluent and receiving recreational waters.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Recreação , Microbiologia da Água , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531937

RESUMO

Connectedness to nature and nature contact can provide many benefits to humans, like stress reduction, recovery from illness, and increased positive emotions. Likewise, recreational horseback riding is a widespread sports activity with the potential to enhance physical and psychological health. Yet, the influence of connectedness to nature on the wellbeing of older aged recreational horseback riders has not been investigated so far. The aim of the present study therefore was to explore the relationship between nature relatedness and physical, psychological and social wellbeing and happiness. The study sample was composed of Austrian recreational horseback riders aged 45 years and older, who were compared with dog owners and people without pets (n = 178). We found significantly higher nature relatedness, significantly higher overall wellbeing and a significantly better mood rating in recreational horseback riders compared to people without pets and similar scores compared to dog owners. Physical wellbeing is correlated with overall nature relatedness in horseback riders and dog owners, but no correlation was found in people without pets. A structural equation model shows a direct relationship between nature relatedness and mood in horseback riders and an indirect relationship through pet attachment in dog owners. The results suggest the activity with horses and dogs in nature environments is a source of wellbeing, enjoyment, self-confidence and social contacts.


Assuntos
Afeto , Cavalos , Recreação , Animais , Áustria , Terapia Assistida por Cavalos , Família , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Natureza , Animais de Estimação
13.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 46: 101728, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531668

RESUMO

A search was undertaken of the Forensic Science South Australia, Australia, autopsy database over a 25-year period from 1995 to 2019 with the aim of understanding more about the role that recreational horse use not involving racing may have in mortality. Eight cases were found with an age range of 8-73 years (mean 47 years) and a male:female ratio of 5:3. The major category was a fall while riding (N = 7) with the remaining case (N = 1) sustaining a lethal kicking. Blunt craniocerebral trauma was responsible for death in 4 cases with injuries following falls including acute subdural and subarachnoid haemorrhage, cerebral contusions and lacerations with associated significant cerebral edema. Skeletal injuries occurred in 2 cases with falls that had caused fractures of cervical vertebrae 2 and 4, with contusion of the underlying spinal cord (N = 1), and fracture of the pelvis with significant retroperitoneal hemorrhage from associated vascular injuries (N = 1). Lethal abdominal and chest injuries occurred in 2 cases, both with lacerated livers and multiple rib fractures. In the final case of an 8-year-old girl who was kicked by a horse there was a lacerated liver with a hematoperitoneum, and fractures of the ribs on the right side with contusion of the underlying lung. The size, strength and temperament of horses make them potentially dangerous during leisure time activities such as grooming and riding. Lethal head injuries often follow falls and kicks. Traumatic lesions identified at autopsy include fractures and blunt craniocerebral, thoracic and abdominal trauma.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal , Traumatismos Cranianos Fechados/etiologia , Cavalos , Recreação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Concussão Encefálica/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/etiologia , Criança , Feminino , Traumatismos Cranianos Fechados/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 62, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-305923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to novel coronavirus infection emergency, restricting measures have been imposed in Italy. As well as adults, also children are limited in their daily routine. MAIN TEXT: As the lockdown period is expected to end on 3rd May 2020, we discuss the opportunity for children to practice safely recreational or physical activity outdoor. CONCLUSION: The Italian Paediatric Society recommends specific recreational and physical activities according to the age of the children and respecting social distancing.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Quarentena , Recreação , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Itália , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
15.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 62, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to novel coronavirus infection emergency, restricting measures have been imposed in Italy. As well as adults, also children are limited in their daily routine. MAIN TEXT: As the lockdown period is expected to end on 3rd May 2020, we discuss the opportunity for children to practice safely recreational or physical activity outdoor. CONCLUSION: The Italian Paediatric Society recommends specific recreational and physical activities according to the age of the children and respecting social distancing.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Quarentena , Recreação , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Itália , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
16.
J Environ Manage ; 267: 110546, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421663

RESUMO

Mountain protected areas provide a range of ecosystem services including conserving biodiversity, while often providing recreation and tourism opportunities. Unfortunately, tourists and pack animals used to transport equipment can damage sensitive alpine vegetation particularly when they leave trails. This study assessed the impacts of disturbance from off trail use on alpine vegetation in a popular park in the Andes. The effect of different levels of disturbance as well as abiotic factors on alpine steppe vegetation was assessed using generalized linear models and ordinations in 91 plots (20 m2) in the popular Horcones Valley that is used to access remote areas in Aconcagua Provincial Park in Argentina. Disturbance off trails resulted in declines in the cover of native plants, including the endemic shrub Adesmia aegiceras but increases in the cover of herbs including the non-native Convolvulus arvensis. Increased disturbance was associated with shifts from stress tolerant species to ruderal plants characterized by more acquisitive traits, including shorter plants with greater Specific Leaf Area. The research demonstrates the severity of impacts from off trail trampling including how trampling favours some species with specific traits over others and why it is important to limit off track use in areas of high conservation value.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Animais , Argentina , Biodiversidade , Recreação
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(20): e19894, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443291

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pyopneumopericardium related to bungee jumping is a rare occurrence in the current antibiotic era. We present a case of esophagus-seeded Streptococcus sanguinis pyopneumopericardium in a young man with tuberculosis who had just completed bungee jumping. PATIENT CONCERN: A 27-year-old man was hospitalized with a 1-day history of fever, chest tightness, and intermittent sharp chest pain after bungee jumping for the first time. DIAGNOSES: Clinical examinations, thoracentesis, and pericardiocentesis revealed pyopneumopericardium, pyopneumomediastinum, and suppurative pleurisy secondary to bungee-jumping-related traumas. Pericardial fluid cultures were positive for S sanguinis, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex genetic test was positive in both sputum and pleural effusion. INTERVENTIONS: The patient improved with drainage and comprehensive antimicrobial therapy. OUTCOMES: The patient developed constrictive pericarditis and underwent pericardiectomy after 6 months of anti-tuberculosis treatment. During the 6-month follow-up after surgery, he recovered uneventfully. LESSONS: This case adds to the long list of bungee-jumping complications. Early diagnosis to initiate appropriate therapy is critical for pyopneumopericardium patients to achieve good outcomes.


Assuntos
Pneumopericárdio/microbiologia , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumopericárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Recreação
18.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0232289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353007

RESUMO

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria represent an emerging global health problem and are frequently detected in riverine environments. Analyzing the occurrence of corresponding antibiotic-resistant genes in rivers is of public interest as it contributes towards understanding the origin and dissemination of these emerging microbial contaminants via surface water. This is critical for devising strategies to mitigate the spread of resistances in the environment. Concentrations of blaCTX-M antibiotic resistance genes were quantified weekly over a 12-month period in Lahn River surface water at two sampling sites using quantitative real-time PCR. Gene abundances were statistically assessed with regard to previously determined concentrations of fecal indicator organisms Escherichia coli, intestinal enterococci and somatic coliphages, as well as influential environmental factors. Similar seasonal patterns and strong positive correlations between fecal indicators and blaCTX-M genes indicated identical sources. Accordingly, linear regression analyses showed that blaCTX-M concentrations could largely be explained by fecal pollution. E. coli provided the best estimates (75% explained variance) at the upstream site, where proportions of blaCTX-M genes in relation to fecal indicator organisms were highest. At this site, rainfall proved to be more influential, hinting at surface runoff as an emission source. The level of agricultural impact increased from downstream to upstream, linking increasing blaCTX-M concentrations after rainfall events to the degree of agricultural land use. Exposure assessment revealed that even participants in non-swimming recreational activities were at risk of incidentally ingesting blaCTX-M genes and thus potentially antibiotic resistant bacteria. Considering that blaCTX-M genes are ubiquitous in Lahn River and participants in bathing and non-bathing water sports are at risk of exposure, results highlight the importance of microbial water quality monitoring with an emphasis on antibiotic resistance not only in designated bathing waters. Moreover, E. coli might serve as a suitable estimate for the presence of respective antibiotic resistant strains.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Fezes/microbiologia , Rios/microbiologia , beta-Lactamases/genética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colífagos/genética , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Água Doce/microbiologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Prevalência , Recreação , Estações do Ano , Microbiologia da Água , Qualidade da Água
19.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 44(3): 240-244, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sporting facilities owned or managed by local governments (LGs) can promote health by selling healthy food and drinks. This study assessed the policies, attitudes and practices of LGs in Victoria, Australia, relating to obesity prevention and the provision of healthy food in their sporting facilities. METHODS: An online survey was e-mailed to all Victorian LGs (n=79) in July 2018. Questions assessed LGs' healthy food policies relating to sport and recreation facilities and the priority LGs give to obesity prevention. RESULTS: Forty-nine LGs (62%) completed the survey from July to November 2018. Obesity prevention and promotion of healthy food and drink were a moderate to high priority for councils. The priority LGs give to healthy food promotion was reported to have increased over the previous year in 55% of LGs. Those LGs in areas of higher socioeconomic position and located in major cities had made more healthy changes at their facilities. CONCLUSION: Obesity prevention is a priority for LGs, and they are making changes to improve the food environments in their sporting facilities. Greater support may be required for smaller LGs and those in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas to create healthier food environments. Implications for public health: Monitoring changes to healthy eating policies within council facilities is essential to understand how local government actions are contributing to obesity prevention.


Assuntos
Serviços de Alimentação/normas , Política de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Governo Local , Política Nutricional , Financiamento Governamental , Humanos , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Recreação , Esportes , Vitória
20.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231863, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352978

RESUMO

We introduce and validate the use of commercially available human mobility datasets based on cell phone locations to estimate visitation to natural areas. By combining this data with on-the-ground observations of visitation to water recreation areas in New England, we fit a model to estimate daily visitation for four months to more than 500 sites. The results show the potential for this new big data source of human mobility to overcome limitations in traditional methods of estimating visitation and to provide consistent information at policy-relevant scales. However, the data providers' opaque and rapidly developing methods for processing locational information required a calibration and validation against data collected by traditional means to confidently reproduce the desired estimates of visitation. We found that with this calibration, the high-resolution information in both space and time provided by cell phone location-derived data creates opportunities for developing next-generation models of human interactions with the natural environment.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Dados , Recreação , Calibragem , Humanos , New England
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