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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26572, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232202

RESUMO

CONTEXT: There are no scientific reports unambiguously describing the efficacy of alternating magnetic field therapy in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in the early postoperative period. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of using an alternating magnetic field in the resorption of postoperative joint effusion in patients after ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Inpatients. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients were enrolled in the trial. However, the final study group consisted of 38 patients (28 men and 10 women) after ACL reconstruction who were randomly divided into an experimental group (19 patients) and a control group (19 patients). INTERVENTION: Each group received magnetic field therapy in the postoperative period, but only 1 apparatus emitted a magnetic field (the experimental group). Patients used the apparatus every day for 30 minutes for the next 11 days. The parameters in both devices were the same-3 mT and 10 Hz. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The measurement of the knee circumference and range of motion were made. The knee circumference measurement was performed before magnetic field therapy began and for 11 days after magnetic field treatment. The active knee range of motion was evaluated before and after magnetic field therapy was completed. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the reduction of post-operative joint effusion or knee joint function. CONCLUSION: In patients after ACL reconstruction, in whom an alternating magnetic field was used to treat postoperative joint effusion, there were no beneficial effects on the analyzed variables compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Campos Magnéticos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Trials ; 22(1): 439, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many therapeutic interventions are performed by physiotherapists to improve upper extremity function and/or activities of daily living (ADL) in stroke patients. Mirror therapy (MT) is a simple technique that can be self-administered by the patients with intact cognition following patient education by a skilled physiotherapist. However, the effectiveness of self-administered MT in post-stroke patients in upper extremity function remains unclear. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of MT in improving upper extremity function and recovery in acute stroke patients. METHODS: This study is a single-center, prospective, randomized, open-label, controlled trial with blinded outcome evaluation (PROBE design), in which a total of 36 eligible acute stroke patients will be randomly assigned to control (n=18) and experimental group (n=18). Participants in the control group will receive regular rehabilitation interventions whereas participants in the experimental group will receive MT education in addition to their regular interventions for 4 weeks. STUDY OUTCOME: The primary outcome measure will be upper extremity function that will be measured using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale and the Wolf Motor Function Test. The secondary outcome measure will be behaviors related to ADL as estimated using the Modified Barthel Index. Outcome measures will be assessed at baseline and at 4 weeks post-rehabilitation intervention/MT. RESULTS: A two-way repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) with time and group effects will be used to analyze between-group differences. The level of significance will be set at P < 0.05. CONCLUSION: The results of the study will provide critical information to include self-administered MT as an adjuvant to regular interventions and may facilitate recovery of the upper extremity function of stroke patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04542772 . Registered on 9 September 2020. Protocol version: Final 1.0.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Atividades Cotidianas , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
3.
Trials ; 22(1): 430, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor impairments of upper limb (UL) are common after stroke, leading to difficulty to use the UL in daily life. Even though many have sensory impairments in the UL, specific sensory training is often lacking in stroke rehabilitation. Thus, the aim of this paper is to provide a detailed description of the novel intervention "SENSory re-learning of the UPPer limb after stroke (SENSUPP)" that we have developed to improve functioning in the UL in persons with mild to moderate impairments after stroke. METHODS: The SENSUPP protocol was designed using information from literature reviews, clinical experience and through consultation of experts in the field. The protocol integrates learning principles based on current neurobiological knowledge and includes repetitive intensive practice, difficulty graded exercises, attentive exploration of a stimulus with focus on the sensory component, and task-specific training in meaningful activities that includes feedback. For reporting the SENSUPP protocol, the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist was used. RESULTS: The essential features of the SENSUPP intervention comprise four components: applying learning principles based on current neurobiological knowledge, sensory re-learning (exercises for touch discrimination, proprioception and tactile object recognition), task-specific training in meaningful activities, and home-training. The training is performed twice a week, in 2.5-h sessions for 5 weeks. CONCLUSION: Since there is close interaction between the sensory and motor systems, the SENSUPP intervention may be a promising method to improve UL functioning after stroke. The TIDieR checklist has been very useful for reporting the procedure and development of the training. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03336749 . Registered on 8 November 2017.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Lista de Checagem , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Extremidade Superior
4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 129-134, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192904

RESUMO

AIMS: Improvements in functional results and long-term survival are variable following conversion of hip fusion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and complications are high. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and functional results in patients who underwent conversion of hip fusion to THA using a consistent technique and uncemented implants. METHODS: A total of 39 hip fusion conversions to THA were undertaken in 38 patients by a single surgeon employing a consistent surgical technique and uncemented implants. Parameters assessed included Harris Hip Score (HHS) for function, range of motion (ROM), leg length discrepancy (LLD), satisfaction, and use of walking aid. Radiographs were reviewed for loosening, subsidence, and heterotopic ossification (HO). Postoperative complications and implant survival were assessed. RESULTS: At mean 12.2 years (2 to 24) follow-up, HHS improved from mean 34.2 (20.8 to 60.5) to 75 (53.6 to 94.0; p < 0.001). Mean postoperative ROM was flexion 77° (50° to 95°), abduction 30° (10° to 40°), adduction 20° (5° to 25°), internal rotation 18° (2° to 30°), and external rotation 17° (5° to 30°). LLD improved from mean -3.36 cm (0 to 8) to postoperative mean -1.14 cm (0 to 4; p < 0.001). Postoperatively, 26 patients (68.4%) required the use of a walking aid. Complications included one (2.5%) dislocation, two (5.1%) partial sciatic nerve injuries, one (2.5%) deep periprosthetic joint infection, two instances of (5.1%) acetabular component aseptic loosening, two (5.1%) periprosthetic fractures, and ten instances of HO (40%), of which three (7.7%) were functionally limiting and required excision. Kaplan-Meier Survival was 97.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 91.4% to 100%) at ten years and 88.2% (95% CI 70.96 to 100) at 15 years with implant revision for aseptic loosening as endpoint and 81.7% (95% CI 70.9% to 98.0%) at ten years and 74.2% (95% CI 55.6 to 92.8) at 15 years follow-up with implant revision for all cause failure as endpoint. CONCLUSION: The use of an optimal and consistent surgical technique and cementless implants can result in significant functional improvement, low complication rates, long-term implant survival, and high patient satisfaction following conversion of hip fusion to THA. The possibility of requiring a walking aid should be discussed with the patient before surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):129-134.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/epidemiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 25-32, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192905

RESUMO

AIMS: Adverse local tissue reactions associated with abnormal wear considerably slowed down the general use of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), now limited to a few specialized centres. In this study, we provide the clinical results of 400 consecutive MoM HRAs implanted more than 20 years ago in one such centre. METHODS: A total of 355 patients (400 hips) were treated with Conserve Plus HRA between November 1996 and November 2000. There were 96 female (27%) and 259 male patients (73%). Their mean age was 48.2 years (SD 10.9). The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) hip scores and 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12) quality of life scores were reported. Survivorship was assessed using Kaplan-Meier analyses. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 16.5 years (0.1 to 24.0), including 34 patients (37 hips) who died. The mean UCLA hip scores were 9.3 (2 to 10), 9.1 (3 to 10), 9.0 (3 to 10), and 6.9 (2 to 10) for pain, walking, function, and activity, respectively. The mean SF-12 scores were 48.4 (16.0 to 62.1) for the physical component and 48.5 (10.5 to 66.5) for the mental component, and did not differ from those of the general population of the USA. A total of 60 hips in 55 patients were revised. Using revision for any indication as the endpoint, the Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 83.5% at 20 years. A diagnosis of developmental dysplasia (hazard ratio (HR) 2.199 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.140 to 4.239); p = 0.019) and a low BMI (HR 0.931 (95% CI 0.873 to 0.994); p = 0.032) were risk factors for revision. Female sex was a risk factor only because of hip dysplasia and small component size. There were no cases of metal sensitivity associated with revision surgery. Radiological analysis showed persistent fixation in all but one hip. CONCLUSION: The 83.5% 20-year survivorship of this initial series surpasses that of total hip arthroplasties in use 20 years ago in these young patients, suggesting satisfactory lifelong durability of the device for almost all of the remaining patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):25-32.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal/efeitos adversos , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208996

RESUMO

A large number of stroke survivors suffer from a significant decrease in upper extremity (UE) function, requiring rehabilitation therapy to boost recovery of UE motion. Assessing the efficacy of treatment strategies is a challenging problem in this context, and is typically accomplished by observing the performance of patients during their execution of daily activities. A more detailed assessment of UE impairment can be undertaken with a clinical bedside test, the UE Fugl-Meyer Assessment, but it fails to examine compensatory movements of functioning body segments that are used to bypass impairment. In this work, we use a graph learning method to build a visualization tool tailored to support the analysis of stroke patients. Called NE-Motion, or Network Environment for Motion Capture Data Analysis, the proposed analytic tool handles a set of time series captured by motion sensors worn by patients so as to enable visual analytic resources to identify abnormalities in movement patterns. Developed in close collaboration with domain experts, NE-Motion is capable of uncovering important phenomena, such as compensation while revealing differences between stroke patients and healthy individuals. The effectiveness of NE-Motion is shown in two case studies designed to analyze particular patients and to compare groups of subjects.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Movimento , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Extremidade Superior
7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6900-6908, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system injury (CNSI) comprises a series of common diseases that severely affect patients' motor function and quality of life and is associated with high disability and mortality rates. Previous studies have shown that contralateral lumbosacral nerve root transfer significantly improved the function of the paralyzed limb in rat models of CNSI. These studies showed that severing the sacral 1 nerve root (S1) did not damage the function of the ipsilateral lower extremity. Thus, we speculate that contralateral S1 nerve root transfer can improve the recovery of a paralyzed limb. Because no associated rigorously designed randomized controlled trial has evaluated the effectiveness of contralateral S1 nerve transfer thus far, we designed this clinical trial to compare the effects of this new treatment approach with those of traditional treatments in paralyzed patients after chronic CNSI. METHODS: This is a single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. Forty patients, who meet the inclusion criteria and have hemiplegia caused by chronic CNSI, will be randomly divided into the surgical or non-surgical group. The treatment effect in the 2 groups will be assessed before and 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after intervention by using numerous scales and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The primary outcome will be the Fugl-Meyer score for the lower limbs 24 months after treatment. The secondary outcomes include the modified Ashworth spasm scale, the modified Barthel scale, 10-m walking speed measurement results, three-dimensional gait analysis, muscle strength testing, electromyography, and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging findings. Safety outcomes and adverse events will be observed simultaneously. DISCUSSION: We expect that the surgery will improve the sensorimotor functions of the paralyzed limb, and the results of this trial will provide high-quality clinical evidence for a new efficient treatment strategy for disability after CNSI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR1800014414, registration date: 12 January 2018.


Assuntos
Transferência de Nervo , Animais , Sistema Nervoso Central , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ratos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1254-1260, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192925

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether non-fatal postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) within six months of surgery influences the knee-specific functional outcome (Oxford Knee Score (OKS)) one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Secondary aims were to assess whether non-fatal postoperative VTE influences generic health and patient satisfaction at this time. METHODS: A study of 2,393 TKAs was performed in 2,393 patients. Patient demographics, comorbidities, OKS, EuroQol five-dimension score (EQ-5D), and Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) were collected preoperatively and one year postoperatively. Overall patient satisfaction with their TKA was assessed at one year. Patients with VTE within six months of surgery were identified retrospectively and compared with those without. RESULTS: A total of 37 patients (1.5%) suffered a VTE and were significantly more likely to have associated comorbidities of stroke (p = 0.026), vascular disease (p = 0.026), and kidney disease (p = 0.026), but less likely to have diabetes (p = 0.046). In an unadjusted analysis, patients suffering a VTE had a significantly worse postoperative OKS (difference in mean (DIM) 4.8 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6 to 8.0); p = 0.004) and EQ-5D (DIM 0.146 (95% CI 0.059 to 0.233); p = 0.001) compared with patients without a VTE. After adjusting for confounding variables VTE remained a significant independent predictor associated with a worse postoperative OKS (DIM -5.4 (95% CI -8.4 to -2.4); p < 0.001), and EQ-5D score (DIM-0.169 (95% CI -0.251 to -0.087); p < 0.001). VTE was not independently associated with overall satisfaction after TKA (odds ratio 0.89 (95% CI 0.35 to 2.07); p = 0.717). CONCLUSION: Patients who had a VTE within six months of their TKA had clinically significantly worse knee-specific outcome (OKS) and general health (EQ-5D) scores one year postoperatively, but the overall satisfaction with their TKA was similar to those patients who did not have a VTE. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1254-1260.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1284-1291, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192926

RESUMO

AIMS: Acute distal biceps tendon repair reduces fatigue-related pain and minimizes loss of supination of the forearm and strength of flexion of the elbow. We report the short- and long-term outcome following repair using fixation with a cortical button techqniue. METHODS: Between October 2010 and July 2018, 102 patients with a mean age of 43 years (19 to 67), including 101 males, underwent distal biceps tendon repair less than six weeks after the injury, using cortical button fixation. The primary short-term outcome measure was the rate of complications. The primary long-term outcome measure was the abbreviated Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) score. Secondary outcomes included the Oxford Elbow Score (OES), EuroQol five-dimension three-level score (EQ-5D-3L), satisfaction, and return to function. RESULTS: Eight patients (7.8%) had a major complication and 34 (33.3%) had a minor complication. Major complications included re-rupture (n = 3; 2.9%), unrecovered nerve injury (n = 4; 3.9%), and surgery for heterotopic ossification (n = 1; 1.0%). Three patients (2.9%) overall required further surgery for a complication. Minor complications included neurapraxia (n = 27; 26.5%) and superficial infection (n = 7; 6.9%). A total of 33 nerve injuries occurred in 31 patients (30.4%). At a mean follow-up of five years (1 to 9.8) outcomes were available for 86 patients (84.3%). The median QuickDASH, OES, EQ-5D-3L, and satisfaction scores were 1.2 (IQR 0 to 5.1), 48 (IQR 46 to 48), 0.80 (IQR 0.72 to 1.0), and 100/100 (IQR 90 to 100), respectively. Most patients were able to return to work (81/83, 97.6%) and sport (51/62,82.3%). Unrecovered nerve injury was associated with an inferior outcome according to the QuickDASH (p = 0.005), OES (p = 0.004), EQ-5D-3L (p = 0.010), and satisfaction (p = 0.024). Multiple linear regression analysis identified an unrecovered nerve injury to be strongly associated with an inferior outcome according to the QuickDASH score (p < 0.001), along with infection (p < 0.001), although re-rupture (p = 0.440) and further surgery (p = 0.652) were not. CONCLUSION: Acute distal biceps tendon repair using cortical button fixation was found to result in excellent patient-reported outcomes and health-related quality of life. Although rare, unrecovered nerve injury adversely affects outcome. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1284-1291.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Braço/cirurgia , Âncoras de Sutura , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1270-1276, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192928

RESUMO

AIMS: This is a multicentre, non-inventor, prospective observational study of 503 INFINITY fixed bearing total ankle arthroplasties (TAAs). We report our early experience, complications, and radiological and functional outcomes. METHODS: Patients were recruited from 11 specialist centres between June 2016 and November 2019. Demographic, radiological, and functional outcome data (Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale, Manchester Oxford Questionnaire, and EuroQol five-dimension five-level score) were collected preoperatively, at six months, one year, and two years. The Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (COFAS) grading system was used to stratify deformity. Early and late complications and reoperations were recorded as adverse events. Radiographs were assessed for lucencies, cysts, and/or subsidence. RESULTS: In all, 500 patients reached six-month follow-up, 420 reached one-year follow-up, and 188 reached two-year follow-up. The mean age was 67.8 years (23.9 to 88.5). A total of 38 patients (7.5%) presented with inflammatory arthritis. A total of 101 (20.0%) of implantations used patient-specific instrumentation; 167 patients (33.1%) underwent an additional procedure at the time of surgery. A total of seven patients died of unrelated causes, two withdrew, and one was lost to follow-up. The mean follow-up was 16.2 months (6 to 36). There was a significant improvement from baseline across all functional outcome scores at six months, one, and two years. There was no significant difference in outcomes with the use of patient-specific instrumentation, type of arthritis, or COFAS type. Five (1.0%) implants were revised. The overall complication rate was 8.8%. The non-revision reoperation rate was 1.4%. The 30-day readmission rate was 1.2% and the one-year mortality 0.74%. CONCLUSION: The early experience and complications reported in this study support the current use of the INFINITY TAA as a safe and effective implant in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1270-1276.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo/métodos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
11.
BMJ ; 374: n1506, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess function, quality of life, resource use, and complications in adults treated with plaster cast immobilisation versus a removable brace for ankle fracture. DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 20 trauma units in the UK National Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: 669 adults aged 18 years and older with an acute ankle fracture suitable for cast immobilisation: 334 were randomised to a plaster cast and 335 to a removable brace. INTERVENTIONS: A below the knee cast was applied and ankle range of movement exercises started on cast removal. The removable brace was fitted, and ankle range of movement exercises were started immediately. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was the Olerud Molander ankle score at 16 weeks, analysed by intention to treat. Secondary outcomes were Manchester-Oxford foot questionnaire, disability rating index, quality of life, and complications at 6, 10, and 16 weeks. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 46 years (SD 17 years) and 381 (57%) were women. 502 (75%) participants completed the study. No statistically significant difference was found in the Olerud Molander ankle score between the cast and removable brace groups at 16 weeks (favours brace: 1.8, 95% confidence interval -2.0 to 5.6). No clinically significant differences were found in the Olerud Molander ankle scores at other time points, in the secondary unadjusted, imputed, or per protocol analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Traditional plaster casting was not found to be superior to functional bracing in adults with an ankle fracture. No statistically difference was found in the Olerud Molander ankle score between the trial arms at 16 weeks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry ISRCTN15537280.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/terapia , Braquetes , Moldes Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 309, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178227

RESUMO

Introduction: obstetrical brachial plexus palsy is a relatively rare condition that has not disappeared although important progress has been made in obstetrics. The purpose of this study is to analyze the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary features of this disorder in our context. Methods: we conducted a retrospective study of the medical records of newborns with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy treated at the Bouaké University Hospital over a period of two years. Children treated after the age of 3 months weren´t included. The variables studied were the epidemiological, therapeutic and evolutionary features. Results: the study included 60 patients, reflecting a rate of 28.5%. There were 31 (52%) girls. The average age of patients was 8 days (D0 and D35]. Multiparous mothers accounted for 94% of cases. Birth took place in a health center in 97% of cases. All children were born at term, 57 (95%) in cephalic presentation. Delivery was normal in 74% of cases. Average birthweight was 3604g [2150g and 4500g]. Forty seven cases (78%) had C5-C5-C6 palsies . Immobilization elbow off body associated with rehabilitation was performed in 51 children (85%). Rehabilitation was performed immediately in 9 children (15%). Functional recovery of the injured limb was complete in 50 children (83%) after a follow-up period of 6 months. Conclusion: obstetrical brachial plexus palsy is a current obstetric disorder. Conservative treatment, that is the only alternative in our context, gives good results.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Paralisia do Plexo Braquial Neonatal/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Peso ao Nascer , Costa do Marfim , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Paralisia do Plexo Braquial Neonatal/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26515, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reablement is 1 approach to conduct rehabilitation in the community (ie, home environment), which aims to enhance an individual's functional ability to perform everyday activities that individuals perceive as important. We investigated the effects of a home-reablement program on different rehabilitation outcomes in people with stroke. METHODS: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted. Twenty-six people with stroke were randomly assigned to the home-reablement group or control group. For 6 weeks, participants in the home-reablement group received training for activities of daily living (ADL) that they perceived as important but difficult to perform. Participants in the control group received conventional rehabilitation in the hospital. Outcome measures included the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the upper-extremity (FMA-UE) and the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS 3.0) subscales. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were noticed in the FMA-UE and the SIS 3.0 subscales (P = .226-1.000). Small effect size (success rate difference = 0.12-0.25) were noticed in the FMA-UE and the 5 SIS 3.0 subscales. The home-reablement group exhibited a greater proportion of participants with scores greater than the minimal detectable change in the FMA-UE and the 6 SIS 3.0 subscales (ie, strength, ADL/instrumental ADL, mobility, emotion, memory, and participation). CONCLUSIONS: People with stroke that underwent the 6-week home-reablement program showed potential for improving their motor function, ADL/instrumental ADL, emotion, memory, and activity participation.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Eficiência Organizacional , Feminino , Estado Funcional , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/organização & administração , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Projetos Piloto , Método Simples-Cego , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26564, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190196

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Post-acute care (PAC) is a type of transitional care for poststroke patients after the acute medical stage; it offers a relatively intensive rehabilitative program. Under Taiwan's National Health Insurance guidelines, the only patients who can transfer to PAC institutions are those who have had an acute stroke in the previous month, are in a relatively stable medical condition, and have the potential for improvement after aggressive rehabilitation. Poststroke patients receive physical, occupational, and speech therapy in PAC facility. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of PAC in poststroke patients since PAC's initiation in Taiwan. Thus, this study aims to investigate whether the length of stay in a PAC institution correlates with patients' improvements.This retrospective and single-center study in Taiwan enrolled 193 poststroke patients who had received acute care at Chi-Mei Medical Center, Taiwan, at any period between 2014 and 2017. Data on their length of stay in the PAC institution were collected. Poststroke patients' functional ability-such as activities of daily living (ADL) function and swallowing ability-as well as their corresponding scales were assessed on the first and last day of PAC stay. Statistical analysis was conducted by SPSS version 21.0 .The average duration of PAC stay was 35.01 ±â€Š16.373 days. Duration of PAC stay was significantly positively correlated with the Barthel index (P < .001), Berg balance test score (P < .001), gait speed (P = .002), and upper sensory function and upper motor function within the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (both P < .001).Poststroke patients with longer stay in a PAC institution had superior ADL function, balance and coordination, walking speed, and upper-limb dexterity and sensory function.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Cuidados Semi-Intensivos , Idoso , Deglutição , Duração da Terapia , Feminino , Estado Funcional , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Cuidados Semi-Intensivos/métodos , Cuidados Semi-Intensivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26566, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190198

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of AO miniplate screw internal fixation and Kirschner wire (KW) in the treatment of metacarpal fractures.We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 590 metacarpal fracture patients admitted to our hospital from March 2016 to March 2019. Among them, 290 patients were treated with KWs; 300 were treated with AO microplate internal fixation. The clinical, radiological results, time of surgery, and complications were observed and compared between the 2 groups.The imaging characteristics and preoperative fracture types of the 2 groups were similar and comparable (P > .05). The operation time, length of hospital stay, and fracture healing time of AO group were shorter than those of KW group, and the differences were statistically significant (41.22 ±â€Š7.23 vs 25.64 ±â€Š6.29; 7.13 ±â€Š2.38 vs 5.26 ±â€Š1.71; 67.43 ±â€Š22.01 vs 52.57 ±â€Š17.46, P < .05). In addition, the incidence of postoperative complications in AO group was lower than that in KW group (8.3% vs 15.2%, P < .05). In terms of surgical knuckle extension, flexion, and total mobility (compared with the uninjured hand), patients in the AO plate group were significantly improved compared with patients in the KW group, and the difference was statistically significant (4 vs 10 degree; 19 vs 10 degree; 14 vs 29 degree, P < .05); The average degree of finger rotation deformity in AO plate group was significantly lower than that in KW group (1 vs 6 degree, P < .05). In terms of grip strength (compared with the healthy hand), the average grip strength of AO plate group was significantly higher than that of KW group (93% vs 83%, P < .05). Patients in the OA plate group had a lower Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (P < .05).Compared with KW fixation, AO mini-plate and screw fixation for the metacarpal fracture has a better effect, which can effectively shorten the operation time and reduce the trauma to patients. It can provide patients with better stability and realize the early movement of the palm, promote fracture healing and joint function recovery; it can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, which has certain safety. In addition, it can effectively reduce the risk of poor finger rotation.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Deformidades da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/lesões , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Deformidades da Mão/etiologia , Deformidades da Mão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(23): e26254, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, with the development of medical technology and the increase of inter-disciplinary cooperation technology, new methods in the field of artificial intelligence medicine emerge in an endless stream. Brain-computer interface (BCI), as a frontier technology of multidisciplinary integration, has been widely used in various fields. Studies have shown that BCI-assisted training can improve upper limb function in stroke patients, but its effect is still controversial and lacks evidence-based evidence, which requires further exploration and confirmation. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to systematically evaluate the efficacy of different BCI-assisted training on upper limb function recovery in stroke patients, to provide a reference for the application of BCI-assisted technology in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang Data, Weipu Electronics, and other databases (from the establishment to February 2021) for full text in Chinese and English. Randomized controlled trials were collected to examine the effect of BCI-assisted training on upper limb functional recovery in stroke patients. We will consider inclusion, select high-quality articles for data extraction and analysis, and summarize the intervention effect of BCI-assisted training on the upper limb function of stroke patients. Two reviewers will screen titles, abstracts, and full texts independently according to inclusion criteria; Data extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed in the included studies. We will use a hierarchy of recommended assessment, development, and assessment methods to assess the overall certainty of the evidence and report findings accordingly. Endnote X8 will be applied in selecting the study, Review Manager 5.3 will be applied in analyzing and synthesizing. RESULTS: The results will provide evidence for judging whether BCI is effective and safe in improving upper limb function in patients with stroke. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide reliable evidence for the effect of BCI technology on the improvement of upper limb function in stroke patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021250378.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador/normas , Protocolos Clínicos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/normas , Extremidade Superior/fisiopatologia , Interfaces Cérebro-Computador/psicologia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
18.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e933446, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092779

RESUMO

During 2020, increasing numbers of case reports, case series, and small observational studies reported long-term complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients who had recovered from acute infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Long COVID has a prevalence of between 10-30% in patients with a recent history of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Pulmonary, hematologic, cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, renal, endocrine, gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary, and dermatologic involvement, and chronic multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) highlights the requirement for a multidisciplinary approach to the management of patients with long COVID. This Editorial aims to present the current status of long COVID, or post-COVID syndrome, and its global impact on health and the provision of health care.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/terapia , Convalescença , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
19.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 17(1): e1-e4, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104329

RESUMO

Patients with symptomatic stage D heart failure who require left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support and suffer concomitant severe mitral regurgitation are often difficult to manage. One reason is due to cardiac anatomic constraints that limit optimization of the mechanical assist device. Typically, these patients are not candidates for repeat sternotomy with surgical mitral valve repair, and heart transplantation may not be feasible or timely. This case describes two patients with LVAD support who received transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair for severe, symptomatic mitral regurgitation. We believe this procedure may be a therapeutic option in stable patients with severe mitral regurgitation who require mechanical support.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Coração Auxiliar , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Acta Oncol ; 60(8): 1025-1031, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation is the process of increasing functional capacity (FC) before surgery. Poor glycemic control is associated with worse outcomes in patients undergoing surgery. Therefore, prediabetic patients could particularly benefit from prehabilitation. METHODS: This is a pooled analysis of individual patient data from three multimodal prehabilitation trials in colorectal cancer surgery. Following a baseline assessment using the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), subjects were randomized to multimodal prehabilitation or to a control group. Participants were reassessed 24 h before surgery and 4 weeks after surgery. Prediabetes (PreDM) was defined as HbA1c 5.7%-6.4%. Multivariable logistic regression was used to adjust for potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: Participation in a prehabilitation program was the most important predictive factor of clinical improvement in FC prior to surgery (Adjusted OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.18, 4.94); prediabetes was not a statistically significant predictor of improvement in FC after adjustments for covariates. Prehabilitation attenuated the loss of FC in unadjusted analyses after surgery in prediabetic patients (PreDM Control: median change -6 m [IQR -50-20] vs PreDM Prehab: median change +25 m [IQR -20-53], p = 0.045). Adjusted analyses also suggested the protective effect against loss of FC after surgery was stronger in prediabetic patients (PreDM Prehab vs PreDM Control: OR 5.5, 95% CI: 1.2-25.8; Normo Prehab vs Normo Control: OR 1.5, 95% CI: 0.53-4.52). CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal prehabilitation favored clinical recovery of FC after surgery in CRC patients, especially prediabetic patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Estado Pré-Diabético , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
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