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1.
J Environ Manage ; 256: 109955, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989981

RESUMO

Understanding how values interact is fundamental to planning the conservation and use of natural resources. However, practitioners who apply value classifications use a diversity of approaches. Does this matter? In answering this question, we propose that well-constructed classifications contribute to planning by: clarifying definitions and underlying concepts; providing a basis for assessing synergies and trade-offs; explaining some ethical constraints, including aspects of governance and power; and providing a framework for cross-cultural analysis. To test these propositions we develop complementary value classifications for end state values and principles together with supporting theory, assumptions, and criteria. The proposed classifications are then compared with alternatives including those based on 'needs', 'capabilities', and total economic value. We find that the alternatives fail against key criteria and this hampers their capacity to fulfil the four roles proposed above. Therefore, we conclude that although value classifications are important and may vary depending on purpose, they need to be well-constructed - that is, supporting theory, assumptions, and criteria should be explicit.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Recursos Naturais , Humanos
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 952-958, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047681

RESUMO

Análise do documentário Saúde! Velho Chico, de Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido e Eduardo Vilela Thielen, tomando-o como registro, a um só tempo, dos padrões históricos de interação com o Rio São Francisco e de alternativas capazes de construir uma relação mais sinérgica e sustentável com as águas fluviais. O filme contrapõe as metanarrativas do desenvolvimento ­ legitimadoras de intervenções como hidrelétricas, barragens, projetos de irrigação para a agricultura industrial e o controverso projeto de sua transposição ­ a formas de relação estabelecidas pelas diversas populações ribeirinhas, das quais a vida, o corpo e as culturas são construídos em estreita simbiose com o rio.


This review analyzes the documentary Saúde! Velho Chico, scripted and directed by Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido and Eduardo Vilela Thielen, taking it as a record of the historical patterns of interaction with the Rio São Francisco (São Francisco River) and at the same time of alternatives based on the building of more synergistic and sustainable relationships with river waters. In this sense, the film contrasts the metanarratives of development ­ which legitimize interventions such as hydroelectric dams, irrigation projects for industrial agriculture as well as the controversial transfer of the São Francisco River project ­ with relationships established by the riverside populations, who have a close symbiosis between their life, body and cultures and the river.


Análisis del documental Saúde! Velho Chico, con guión y dirección de Stella Oswaldo Cruz Penido y Eduardo Vilela Thielen, entendido como un registro, al mismo tiempo, de los patrones históricos de interacción con el Rio São Francisco (río San Francisco) y de alternativas capaces de construir una relación más sinérgica y sostenible con las aguas de los ríos. La película contrasta las metanarrativas del desarrollo ­ que legitiman intervenciones como represas hidroeléctricas, proyectos de riego para la agricultura industrial y el controvertido proyecto de transposición del río ­ con formas de relación establecidas por las diversas poblaciones ribereñas, que tienen la vida, el cuerpo y las culturas en estrecha simbiosis con el río.


Assuntos
Humanos , Tecnologia, Indústria e Agricultura , Documentários Cinematográficos , Rios , Meio Ambiente , Agricultura Sustentável , População , Brasil , Saúde Ambiental , Saúde , Ecossistema , Recursos Naturais , Conservação dos Recursos Hídricos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4095-4100, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872682

RESUMO

The study is aimed to effectively obtain the planting area of traditional Chinese medicine resources. The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are mostly planted in natural environment suitable mountainous areas. The UAV low altitude remote sensing data were used as the samples and the GF-2 remote sensing images were applied for the data source to extract the planting area of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Artemisia argyi in Luoning county combined with field investigation. Remote sensing satellite data of standard processing obtain specific remote sensing data coverage. The UAV data were pre-processed to visually interpret the species and distribution of traditional Chinese medicine resources in the sample quadrat. Support vector machine( SVM) was used to classify and estimate the area of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Luoning county,confusion matrix was used to determine the accuracy of spatial distribution of traditional Chinese medicine resources. The result showed that the application of UAV of low altitude remote sensing technology and remote sensing image of satellite in the extraction of S. miltiorrhiza and other varieties planting area was feasible,it also provides a scientific reference for poverty alleviation policies of the traditional Chinese medicine Industry in local areas.Meanwhile,research on remote sensing classification of Chinese medicinal materials based on multi-source and multi-phase high-resolution remote sensing images is actively carried out to explore more effective methods for information extraction of Chinese medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Altitude , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Recursos Naturais , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
4.
J Environ Manage ; 250: 109506, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499468

RESUMO

Community-based ecotourism (CBET) is considered an efficient mechanism for alleviating conflicts between conservation and development. It is particularly important in the conservation of the giant panda population, which faces the primary threat of habitat fragmentation. Although studies have assessed livelihood changes of households participating in CBET, research on ecological effects is lacking. To address the gaps in the literature, we conducted propensity score matching on data from households at different altitudes in giant panda habitats in Sichuan Province, China. The results show that CBET has achieved desirable social outcomes, significantly increasing local households' income and well-being, especially for those at high altitudes. With respect to ecological impacts, CBET has significantly raised households' conservation attitudes, but has also increased natural resource extraction, especially at high altitudes. Overall, CBET in the giant panda habitat has not led to a win-win situation between social and ecological outcomes, especially at high altitudes. Our results indicate that the ecological impact of CBET is significant, and policies aimed at promoting the conservation of natural resources should account for this effect.


Assuntos
Ursidae , Animais , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Recursos Naturais
5.
J Therm Biol ; 84: 469-478, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466788

RESUMO

One of the main threats to freshwater turtle populations is habitat destruction, which occurs as a result of human activities such as infrastructure development, forestry, aggregate extraction, and agriculture. However, the impacts of these activities on thermoregulatory opportunities for turtles are not well understood. We examined the impacts of forestry and aggregate extraction on thermal characteristics of wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) habitat in the Sudbury District, Ontario, by measuring the differences in absolute temperature, thermal landscape structure, and habitat thermal quality among relatively undisturbed sites (N = 2), harvested forestry sites (N = 2), and aggregate pits (N = 2) in 2015. We also tested the potential use of the thermal landscape concept as a predictor of habitat thermal quality. Undisturbed habitats were of higher thermal quality than impacted sites in terms of temperatures experienced in situ by wild wood turtles in their natural home ranges, and never reached temperatures that would be injurious to turtles (i.e., below CTMIN or above CTMAX). The undisturbed sites were of lower quality in terms of optimal temperatures (i.e., Tset), and were generally cooler and their temperatures less variable than those in impacted habitats. The thermal landscape concept provided a useful predictor of habitat thermal quality when the influence of time of day was factored into the predictive model. Our data are important to the conservation and management of wood turtles because they provide a preliminary quantification of the thermal impacts of natural resource extraction on the habitat of an endangered species, and can guide the development of mitigation and rehabilitation plans by providing measures of, and targets for, thermal habitat quality.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Temperatura Ambiente , Tartarugas , Animais , Agricultura Florestal , Recursos Naturais
6.
J Environ Manage ; 249: 109432, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454638

RESUMO

Ecological civilization construction in China is in its critical period and the natural resources assets are audited to the administration. However, the natural resources accounting is still in its infancy, especially the atmospheric environmental resources accounting, which refers to the ability of the atmospheric environment to accommodate and purify certain pollutants. This paper established a methodology to calculate the atmospheric resources assets with the index of SO2, a convenient method to calculate the physical accounts for atmospheric environmental resources based on the capacity of SO2 and an accessible way to estimate the monetary accounts with market-based price. Based on the methodology, a calculation was conducted on the assets and liabilities of SO2 capacity resources for 31 provinces of China in 2015. Empirical results showed that the physical accounts for SO2 capacity resources quantify the environmental pollution status in each region, and the monetary accounts reflect whether the industry and energy structures in one region are sound and sustainable. The findings provide specific profit or loss in terms of physical and monetary accounts for each region, which enable to quantify the government's occupancy and affordability of SO2 capacity resources, and contribute to the establishment of natural resource balance sheet and ecological compensation mechanism.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Recursos Naturais , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Indústrias
7.
J Environ Manage ; 249: 109392, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446123

RESUMO

A key reason for undertaking transdisciplinary processes such as knowledge co-production in natural resource management is to access and apply different knowledge systems to complex issues. However, the value of co-production is predominantly framed by academics. They have focused on research design and outcomes in the form of 'science informing policy'. In this paper we build a more inclusive and holistic framing of knowledge co-production incorporating values of non-academic participants, and values related to the participatory process. Specifically, we examine how knowledge is communicated and deliberated upon and the requirements for this to be done effectively. We draw upon empirical data from interviews with natural resource managers who participated in two case studies of knowledge co-production in Australia and South Africa. Their perspectives are captured in eight evaluation principles that build upon existing evaluation frameworks for public participation. Critically, decision-makers valued science-based outputs not just as salient knowledge sources, but to give legitimacy to their decisions. This need for legitimacy necessitates transparency, fairness and inclusivity in knowledge selection, participation and dialogue within knowledge co-production processes. The practice-based knowledge of decision-makers was important for contextualizing and applying science to specific decision contexts. Another key finding is that communicative competence is central to the process of knowledge co-production because it enables participants to critically explore and understand the knowledge claims of others.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Recursos Naturais , Austrália , Conhecimento , África do Sul
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(supp 3): e20190236, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365610

RESUMO

To understand the increasingly tenuous relationship between ourselves and the finite resource base upon which we depend for all sustenance, an exploration of recent history and basic human behavior is warranted. An attempt is made to shed light on how short-term economic demands have come to take priority over nearly all other long-term aspects of our existence. Without full recognition of our historical and cultural trajectories in relation to the modern mass mentality of materialism, consumerism and wealth, there is little possibility to develop or implement truly functional strategies that can be utilized indefinitely.


Assuntos
Saúde Ambiental , Internacionalidade , Recursos Naturais , Valores Sociais , Humanos
9.
J Environ Manage ; 248: 109232, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319197

RESUMO

One of the top priorities of the Chinese government's oversight is to address the conflicts between economic growth and resource consumption and between economic development and ecological damage. In this regard, the advocacy and compilation of the natural resources balance sheet can boost the efficiency of the government's oversight and improve the quality of resource management. However, China's natural resources balance sheet is still at an exploratory stage, lacking the theoretical framework of balance sheet preparation, preparatory ideas, and a reporting system, which must be established urgently. First, the study states the purpose of compiling the natural resources balance sheet, and, subsequently, analyzes the theoretical basis, framework system, preparatory ideas, and sample sheet format, thereby offering theoretical and methodological support for its preparation. Moreover, the development, functions, deficits, and future development of the balance sheet are analyzed in the context of the Chinese system, which provides theoretical and methodological support for the preparation of the natural resources balance sheet and government oversight.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Declarações Financeiras , China , Governo , Recursos Naturais
10.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(7): 422, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177407

RESUMO

Modeling spatial-temporal dynamic of land use change is of great necessity for understanding the status of the past, causes of the change, and prediction of the future. This study aims to objectify three topics which include identifying the past land use changes, modeling the future changes, and subsequently considering their driving forces. The change detection analysis has shown that about 12,081.8 ha of the study area has changed since 1984 to 2014. Moreover, the models of cellular automata (CA) and Markov chain were applied in order to predict the land use changes of 2024 and 2034. The simulated transition matrix showed that about 6780 ha and 10,835 ha would change during the periods of 2014-2024 and 2014-2034, respectively. Furthermore, the results of the logistic regression model showed that the human driving forces of distance to roads, distance to wells, distance to streams, and distance to residential areas have had a negative effect on the process land use changes. Additionally, a questionnaire was used to obtain information considering the management factors of preventing land use changes, the perception of the natural resources' experts and in turn finding some socioeconomic and policy forces on land use changes. The Friedman's test analysis indicates that the factors of the official rules of government, economy, weakness of regulatory systems, and development activities, e.g., infrastructure and industrial projects, were identified as the leading causes of converting natural ecosystems to other land uses, particularly to cropland. Therefore, the decision-makers and managers should be assigned comprehensive planning for the protection, restoration, and development of natural resources, especially in this region.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Política Ambiental/tendências , Modelos Teóricos , Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Cadeias de Markov , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215286, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039156

RESUMO

The state of Mato Grosso is Brazil's agribusiness powerhouse with a cattle herd of 30.2 million head in 2017. With land use patterns heavily influenced by beef production, which requires substantial land inputs, the state is a key target for environmental conservation. Yet the spatial and temporal dynamics of slaughterhouses in Mato Grosso remain largely unknown due to data limitations. Here, we provide a novel method to map slaughterhouse expansion and contraction. We analyzed the opening and closing of 133 plants between 1967 and 2016 in Mato Grosso and estimated the geographic locations and slaughter volumes. This was achieved by triangulating across multiple data sources including a registry of 21 million companies, government records of three million slaughter transactions (Portuguese acronym GTA), and high resolution satellite imagery. Our study is the first to include longitudinal information and both inspected (for food quality) and uninspected slaughterhouses. The results show that 72 plants operated in 2016 through 52 holding companies. By measuring geographic distances between active plants and pasture areas, we documented a 29% increase in the density of plants during 2000-2016, showing an expansion of the cattle slaughter infrastructure. We identified three periods of expansion: 1967-1995, with 15.1% of the plant openings; 1996-2003, with 24.6%; and 2004-2016, with 60.3%. While closings likely occurred throughout the period studied, no data were available prior to 2002. We estimated a minimum value for the volume of uninspected slaughter as 2-3% for 2013-2016. We conclude by discussing potential applications of the data, a deidentified version of which is made available through an online repository. The method developed here can be replicated for the whole country, which would increase our understanding of the dynamics of cattle slaughter and their impact on land use.


Assuntos
Matadouros , Matadouros/história , Matadouros/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Brasil , Bovinos , Fazendeiros/história , Indústria Alimentícia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Recursos Naturais , Carne Vermelha/história
13.
Environ Manage ; 64(1): 52-63, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079170

RESUMO

Management of conservation conflicts is a challenge of growing relevance for the effectiveness of protected areas worldwide, particularly in the case of socially inclusive areas such as biosphere reserves. For a successful management of the protected area, is critical to consider the social use of natural resources carried out by local populations linked to reserves, especially in socio-ecological contexts facing potential conservation conflicts (i.e., conflicts that have not yet arisen). We addressed the importance of an early detection of potential conflicts through the study of artisanal charcoal production by Yucatec Mayan communities located in the zone of influence of a biosphere reserve in Northwest Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Through semi-structured interviews with charcoal producers and in-depth interviews with environmental authorities linked to the reserve, we discuss the advantages associated to early detection of potential conservation conflicts for biosphere reserves' management.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecologia , México , Recursos Naturais
14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(15): 15527-15534, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937742

RESUMO

Globalization is increasingly a driving force behind vibrant economies around the world. This paper discusses the impact of globalization and natural resources on economic growth from 1970 to 2014 in Pakistan. Based on an auto-regressive distributive lag (ARDL) model, the paper infers that globalization promotes economic growth in Pakistan. Natural resources also contribute to economic growth, as the causality results suggest bi-directional causality between globalization and use of natural resources. Policy implications are that countries should emphasize security, increase exports, encourage technological strength, and increase its intellectual management capacity.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico/tendências , Recursos Naturais/provisão & distribução , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Paquistão
15.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 37: 1-8, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002889

RESUMO

It has been suggested that climate change is the biggest threat to public health for the 21st Century; increased demand on health services will impact on already overstretched resources and systems will need to be able to respond. However limited attention is given to climate change and sustainability in nursing education; there is no clear guidance on curricula content for nurses or recommendations regarding the skills and competencies that will be required. Literature published in Dutch, English, German, and Spanish was searched and 32 papers met the inclusion criteria for the review. Results suggests that holistic/systems thinking is relevant to healthcare so bringing a 'sustainability lens' to nursing curricula could be seen as being consistent with wider determinants of health. The literature review has identified the educational approaches necessary to provide a broad based curriculum and a cross-disciplinary approach. The findings suggest that topics such as the use of resources, food, health promotion, globalism, disease management, and the environmental impact of delivering healthcare, if embedded in nursing education could support the nursing profession's response for this new and important aspect of healthcare.


Assuntos
Currículo , Assistência à Saúde , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Saúde Ambiental , Mudança Climática , Humanos , Recursos Naturais/provisão & distribução , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
16.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(7): 1047-1056, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937989

RESUMO

Surghar mountain belt has comparatively less natural resources of floral diversity because it is composed of minerals of different kinds making it less favorable for the growth of different vegetation. The pollen morphology of some selected plants from Surghar belt Mainwali has been evaluated. The pollen grains were measured and demonstrated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The examined plant specimens have a difference in size, shape, polarity, and their exine ornamentation. The pollen taxa show a huge variation in size and sculpture. Pollen fertility has also been estimated, shows that the selected plants are well-known in the Surghar belt. The need of the hour is to conserve these plants having a higher fertility rate to cope with the deforestation in an area. The conclusion does not favor theories in which deforestation results in fast growth in population. It shows that the irrational management and unlawful cutting down of woods neglected by the forest department are the main causes of deforestation in the mountain belt of Mianwali. The findings show the importance of morphological characteristics in the identification of natural resource species in the area.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Recursos Naturais , Plantas/classificação , Pólen/ultraestrutura , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Fertilidade , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Paquistão , Pólen/classificação
17.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0214823, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947305

RESUMO

REDD+ projects primarily focus on reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. These projects are regularly evaluated against their core objective of conserving carbon stocks, but their contribution to biodiversity conservation has rarely been assessed. To assess the conservation value of the area and the relative performance of a REDD+ land use plan in Yaeda Valley, a semi-arid savannah ecosystem in northern Tanzania, we implemented an annual wildlife monitoring scheme. Based on direct sightings and indirect signs of wildlife, obtained from stratified walking transects conducted annually from 2015-2018, we estimated annual trends of mammal species richness and wildlife densities in three REDD+ and three non-REDD+ land-use strata. Our surveys document a near complete mammal community in the area. Species accumulation curves, and subsequent statistical comparisons, indicated highest mammal species richness in the woodland habitats (both REDD+ and non REDD+ strata) as compared to more human and livestock impacted areas, and suggested constant species richness from 2015-2018. To estimate stratum- and year-specific livestock and wildlife densities (cattle, donkey, goat and sheep combined, Thomson's gazelle, Kirk's dik-dik) and wildlife sign densities (aardvark, bushbuck, bushpig, Kirk's dik dik, eland, elephant, Maasai giraffe, greater kudu, hyena, impala, lesser kudu, warthog, wildebeest, Plains zebra), we fitted species-specific detection functions in a distance sampling framework. Species-specific densities varied between 2015 and 2018 and showed substantial increases and occasional declines in other species-stratum combinations. However, population growth rates were not systematically associated with specific land-use strata. Although our results do not explicitly provide evidence that REDD+ land-use plans directly co-benefit wildlife conservation, they show that REDD+ areas have the potential to maintain intact wildlife assemblages. To ensure effective long-term conservation outcomes, we advocate for a more formal integration of wildlife conservation goals in the REDD+ scheme.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Animais , Biodiversidade , Carbono , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Florestas , Humanos , Gado , Mamíferos , Recursos Naturais , Dinâmica Populacional , Especificidade da Espécie , Tanzânia
18.
Ecol Appl ; 29(4): e01888, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916821

RESUMO

Protected areas are one of the most effective means by which biodiversity is conserved, but are often criticized for either neglecting the importance of local communities or sacrificing conservation objectives for political expedience. In the United States, federal protected areas can be designated via a democratic legislation process or via executive action, which allows for comparison of the ecological and sociopolitical context of these top-down and bottom-up processes. We compared protected areas resulting from congressional designation vs. presidential designation with respect to their ecological context (using measures of biodiversity and climate refugial potential) and sociopolitical context (using measures of local support for conservation and reliance on natural resource-based industries). We found minimal differences between these designation modes for both ecological and sociopolitical variables. These results suggest that presidentially designated protected areas tend to be no more burdensome to local communities and no less valuable for ecological conservation than more widely accepted federal protected areas such as national parks, and they provide new evidence to inform the current debate over national monuments.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecologia , Biodiversidade , Recursos Naturais , Parques Recreativos , Estados Unidos
19.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(4): 229, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888531

RESUMO

The Qaroun Lake, Wadi El-Rayyan, and Wadi El-Hitan are some of the most promising ecotourism destinations in Egypt due to their natural mineral resources, wildlife, and biodiversity in addition to their historic heritage that dates back to the age of The Pharos. These natural resources should be managed and maintained without affecting the needs of future generations. Land use/land cover change is the most important factor in causing biodiversity loss. Accordingly, the objectives of this study are to identify, quantify, and model future land cover changes using remote sensing and GIS techniques. To fulfill the objectives of the study, a hybrid image classification is employed using the combination of unsupervised and supervised classification methods to detect land cover types. Post-classification comparison is used to map changes in land cover between 2000 and 2017. Markov model is applied to analyze, predict, and simulate future land cover changes from 2017 to 2050. This is in order to safeguard against the adverse effects and negative consequences of land cover changes, preserve the natural resources, and consequently achieve goals of sustainable development. The outcome of this study can provide policy makers and urban planners with the required information regarding the status of the environment and subsequently reduce pressure on natural resources in order to facilitate conservation planning and sustainable development.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Lagos/química , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Agricultura , Biodiversidade , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Egito , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Recursos Naturais
20.
J Environ Manage ; 239: 57-65, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884290

RESUMO

While conservation of natural resources on agricultural landscapes has been a priority for public agencies for more than 80 years, the ability of conservation planners to place conservation practices for enhanced environmental benefits remains elusive. To increase both adoption of conservation practices and efficient use of conservation funding, conservation planners are turning to decision support tools (DSTs), such as the Agricultural Conservation Planning Framework (ACPF). However, less is known about how DSTs facilitate a whole-landscape approach to conservation planning, and the strategies that are employed by conservation planners to engage with producers using new GIS-enabled planning technologies. With the goal of contributing to both the policy and practice of precision conservation, we present findings from semi-structured in-depth interviews conducted with 21 conservation professionals in six watersheds in the US Midwest. Results suggest that the ACPF encourages conservation professionals to think at a watershed scale, supports their approach to conservation planning, and helps them in watershed planning and stakeholder engagement. Results also highlight the importance of conservation professionals employing a suite of strategies, such as being mindful of the scale of producer engagement (i.e., single farm vs community based) and accounting for producers' personalities, to create 'enabling conditions' for producer engagement when adopting a precision approach to conservation. Policy recommendations for precision conservation technologies include the need to streamline and expedite the process of conservation delivery, and that DSTs are a means to an end, but not a universal remedy, because conservation planning is most effective when localized interactions of rural landscapes and social dynamics are considered in an adaptive approach.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Recursos Naturais
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