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1.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 33(6): 416-418, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081655

RESUMO

COVID-19 has had a significant impact on the lives of nurses. To capture these experiences, the AANP history committee sponsored a writing contest. The stories, essays, and poems were heartfelt and ranged from personal experiences to future implications. One essay entitled "The Five Stages of COVID Grief: One Nurse Practitioner's Coronavirus Story," captured the essence of the time and is applicable to all nurses as we continue our journey and document our legacy. Using the framework of COVID Grief, this article seeks to outline the shared experience and range of emotions represented in the writing contest submissions. Through this lens, the Year of the Nurse and the toll of coronavirus can be framed by the emotions of disbelief, bitterness, guilt, fear and anxiety, and resilience.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Anedotas como Assunto , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Redação
2.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(2): 126-128, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098707

RESUMO

Wenre Jingwei(,Warp and Weft of Warm and Hot Disorders) is believed the masterpiece written by Wang Mengying, who was a famous physician in the Qing Dynasty. It represents the essence of Wang's theory in terms of Epidemic Febrile Diseases. It has been interpreted and analyzed by seven critics. However, these seven critics have not been widely known up to now. This paper introduces the life history of the critics and their medical achievements, in order to clarify their contributions to this book and enrich the content of medical history.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Médicos , Livros , China , Humanos , Redação
3.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 20(2): ar28, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938765

RESUMO

In addition to stimulating interest through experiential means, educators can support interest development through structured reflection. Our randomized controlled intervention study assessed the effectiveness of 10-minute written utility-value reflections designed to enhance the interest of introductory animal science students. During the Spring 2019 semester, we randomly assigned participating students into two blocks, utility-value reflection (n = 39) and control (n = 34), at the beginning of the course. In week 6 during the 16-week semester, students completed corresponding tasks: either written reflections on the personal value of course laboratory material or a control picture-summarization task. Results showed that the utility-value reflection intervention tended to improve situational interest and was most effective for students with low pretest individual interest. Neither the intervention nor the interest variable predicted course performance. In utility-value reflection responses, we catalogued themes aligned with a range of task-value components beyond utility-value. Our results reinforce previous work indicating that utility-value reflections support low individual interest students in developing academic motivation.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Redação , Animais , Humanos , Laboratórios , Motivação
4.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 20(2): fe4, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989010

RESUMO

The Current Insights feature is designed to introduce life science educators and researchers to current articles of interest in other social science and education journals. In this installment, I highlight three that explore how different types of stress can produce different educational outcomes, how studying by writing questions can improve performance, and how faculty beliefs about intelligence can influence students' interest in and evaluation of a course.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Docentes , Humanos , Ensino , Redação
5.
Mol Cell ; 81(10): 2057-2058, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019785

RESUMO

Cho et al. (2021) and Villa et al. (2021) demonstrate that mTORC1 stimulates m6A mRNA methylation via WTAP expression and SAM synthesis. Increased mRNA methylation in turn promotes cell growth by enhancing mRNA degradation or translation.


Assuntos
Estabilidade de RNA , Redação , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Metilação , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
6.
Codas ; 33(2): e20200042, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the empirical validity and reliability of a screener for risk of developmental dyslexia (DD) by elementary school teachers. METHODS: The scale was tested with 12 teachers who answered questions about their students (95 students total, all in the third year of elementary school); the students, in turn, performed reading and writing tasks which were used to investigate the association between screening scores and performance. The following analyses were carried out: (1) factor analysis; (2) internal consistency; (3) relationship between each scale item and the construct of interest, as measured by item response theory (IRT); (4) correlation of each scale item with external variables (reading and writing tests); and (5) the temporal stability of teachers' evaluations. RESULTS: The analyses showed: (1) one factor was extracted; (2) strong internal consistency - the items in the scale are good indicators for screening of this construct; (3) items were monotonic (IRT), i.e., item variability is associated with one construct; (4) moderate Spearman correlation (11/17 items); (5) temporal stability - the result of screening did not vary over time. CONCLUSION: This study shows evidence of validity and reliability of the proposed scale in its intended use of screening for developmental dyslexia. The percentage of children at risk for developmental dyslexia, according to the scale, was approximately 9%, which is in agreement with the international literature on the prevalence of dyslexia.


Assuntos
Dislexia , Criança , Dislexia/diagnóstico , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Leitura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Redação
7.
Sr Care Pharm ; 36(6): 273-275, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016224

RESUMO

Medical writing is a broad term for a vast 3-billion-dollar industry. The industry is large enough to accommodate all types of medical writers and health care communicators who can contribute in various ways. For example, some medical writers assist with medical education, such as continuing medical education (CME), slide-decks, textbooks, needs assessments, and patient education. Other medical writers may work in medical journalism, research documents, medical marketing, regulatory document preparation, or scientific publication and presentations. This article discusses ways for pharmacists to enter this field and is an extension of the ASCP provided webinar, which can be accessed here.


Assuntos
Escrita Médica , Humanos , Redação
8.
Codas ; 33(3): e20200129, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037162

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention proposal based on shared story reading for reading comprehension, written narrative and word reading/writing. METHODS: 44 children were divided into two groups according to their performance in a reading comprehension test - The first group, G1, consisted of children with reading comprehension difficulty, and the second, G2, consisted of children who did not have difficulties. All children were evaluated regarding reading/writing isolated words, reading comprehension of sentences, and written narrative. After this evaluation, G1 children participated in an intervention program (15 meetings) that stimulated shared story reading. After this intervention, all children were reevaluated. Intra- and intergroup data were analyzed statistically by applying appropriate statistical tests, with the level of significance set at >0.05%. RESULTS: after the intervention program, G1 children showed significant improvement in the variables evaluated. In the intergroup analysis, at the time of evaluation, G1 differed from G2 in reading/writing, reading comprehension, ability to correctly judge the verbs, and in textual coherence. At reassessment, G1 matched G2 in textual coherence and approached G2 in reading/writing isolated words and reading comprehension. CONCLUSION: shared story reading promoted the development of low and high level reading and writing skills, being more effective for high-level strategies (example: written narrative). It is suggested that a specific program for orthographic questions be associated.


Assuntos
Leitura , Redação , Criança , Compreensão , Humanos , Idioma , Narração
9.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(2): 70, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013408

RESUMO

Data production in experimental sciences depends on localised experimental systems, but the epistemic properties of data transcend the contingencies of the processes that produce them. Philosophers often believe that experimental systems instantiate but do not produce the epistemic properties of data. In this paper, we argue that experimental systems' local functioning entails intrinsic capacities to produce the epistemic properties of data. We develop this idea by applying Derrida's model of arche-writing to study a case of theory-oriented experimental practice. Derrida's model relativises or dissolves the conceptual distinction between the moment of data production and a subsequent moment of data dissemination. It thus has consequences for understanding both data production (despite being intrinsically local, data production a priori generates transferrable and modellable information) and data dissemination (when modelling information, researchers needs to refer this information to the context of its production). We study a case of data production in a non-exploratory experimental system designed to test a pre-existing hypothesis in visual neuroscience. A case of theory-oriented experimental practice should allow us to identify the autonomous functioning of experimental systems in data production more clearly, insofar as it allows us to study the limits of pre-existing theory in the activities of these systems. We suggest that pre-existing concepts, hypotheses and theories condition the relevance but not the production of experimental data.


Assuntos
Disseminação de Informação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos do Sistema Nervoso , Fala , Percepção Visual , Redação , Humanos
10.
Br J Nurs ; 30(8): 502, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876687
11.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104483, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838445

RESUMO

Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) is a non-invasive imaging method to quantitatively map the shear viscoelastic properties of soft tissues. In this study, Embedded Direct Ink Writing is used to fabricate a muscle mimicking anisotropic phantom that may serve as a standard for imaging studies of anisotropic materials. The technique allowed us to obtain a long shelf life silicone-based phantom expressing transverse isotropic mechanical properties. Another goal of the present investigation is to introduce a torsionally-polarized, radially-converging shear wave actuation method for MRE. The implemented design for this novel setup was first validated via its application to isotropic and homogeneous gelatin phantoms. Then, a comparison of the resulting complex wave images from axially- and torsionally-polarized MRE on the developed anisotropic phantom and on a skeletal muscle murine sample is presented, highlighting the value of using multiple actuation and motion encoding polarization directions when studying anisotropic materials.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Animais , Elasticidade , Tinta , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Redação
12.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101374, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of written expressive disclosure (WED) to health are documented in a variety of healthy and clinical populations. This study investigates the effect of WED on health-related outcomes in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Adults (N = 189) meeting Rome III criteria for IBS were randomly assigned to write about their: (1) deepest thoughts and feelings about the most stressful life event of the past five years (n = 67), (2) deepest thoughts and feelings about their IBS (n = 61) or (3) daily activities in an objective manner (control condition; n = 61). Participants completed four 20-min writing sessions over 2-6 weeks. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, healthcare utilization, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), pain catastrophizing, and pain self-efficacy were assessed at baseline, one month post-writing completion, and three months post-writing completion. RESULTS: A significant group (combined WED vs. control) X time interaction was detected for healthcare utilization, F(1,147) = 6.16, p = 0.014, η2 = 0.04. Specifically, number of GI-related medical appointments significantly increased from baseline to 3-month follow-up in the control group, while no significant change was observed in the combined WED group. Among the WED group, individuals assigned to write about their IBS experienced greater improvements in pain self-efficacy than those assigned to write about a life stressor, F(1,92) = 3.89, p = 0.024, η2 = 0.08. GI symptom severity, HR-QOL, and pain catastrophizing improved significantly across groups over time, with no significant between-group differences. CONCLUSION: Writing about one's deepest thoughts and feelings about IBS may increase pain self-efficacy and reduce healthcare utilization compared to control writing in adults with IBS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Adulto , Revelação , Emoções , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Redação
13.
Nature ; 593(7857): 8, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927408
14.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(1): 24-27, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794580

RESUMO

Bencao Tujing(, Illustration Classics for Materia Medica) occupies an irreplaceable academic position in the academic history of Chinese Materia Medica. It was written in the early Song Dynasty. The contents of Chinese medical books before Song Dynasty have not been revised by Song Dynasty officials, and the original appearance of earlier documents have been preserved. Domestic and foreign scholars mainly focus on the textual research of Chinese Materia medica patterns, and academic value research. The special research on the Lost ancient Chinese medical books were relatively rare. According to the names of"XX Fang"or"Someone Fang"in Bencao Tujing, about 46 kinds of Lost ancient Chinese medical books have been found. Taking Wei Zhou's Du Xing Fang, Liu Yuxi's Chuan Xin Fang, Tian Bao Dan Fang Tu (Tian Bao Dan Xing Fang) as examples, it is found that Lost ancient Chinese medical books recorded in Bencao Tujing have abundant materials and clear clues, which have further exploration space for the research and collection of Chinese medical books.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Livros , China , Redação
17.
J Psychiatr Res ; 137: 173-177, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677220

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Suicide notes are not only the last personal message from the suicide victim to the bereaved, but are also a valuable source for research in preventing suicides. However, not all suicide victims leave a suicide note and it is unclear whether note leavers are representative of the general population of suicide victims. METHODS: The aim of our study was to compare suicide victims who leave a suicide note compared to those who do not. Therefore, data from the Allgäu Suicide Study, which comprised detailed information on N = 626 suicides, were analysed using multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Of N = 612 cases with complete data, n = 255(42%) left a suicide note and n = 357 (58%) did not. Persons who wrote suicide notes before they killed themselves were more often female, less often married, found themselves more often in a financial or partnership crisis, and were more likely to suffer from a medical illness. They tended to poison themselves more often and were less likely to have a history of alcohol abuse disorder. CONCLUSION: Suicide notes are one source to better understand the motives, which lie behind suicides and therefore may help to further develop and improve suicide prevention programs. Keeping in mind that suicide has heterogeneous reasons, the group of "note writers" might be one, which might especially have benefitted from psychosocial and psychotherapeutic interventions, as interpersonal relationships obviously played an important role even shortly before suicide.


Assuntos
Suicídio , Autopsia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Motivação , Redação
18.
Ann Afr Med ; 20(1): 46-51, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727512

RESUMO

Background: Like many other academic programs, medical education is incomplete without a robust assessment plan. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of longitudinal faculty development program (FDP) on the examination item quality (EIQ) from a cohort of medical college faculty members. Methods: Item analysis (IA) of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from a cohort of medical tutors over a 3-year period (2017 [S1], 2018 [S2], and 2019 [S3]) before and following once-per-week FDP was conducted. The questions were from three randomly selected courses: man and his environment (MEV) from phase 1, central nervous system (CNS) from phase 2, and internal medicine (MED) from phase 3. Data assessed were 480 MCQs from the final exams in the courses. The parameters considered in IA were the difficulty index, index of discrimination, nonfunctional distractors (NFDs), distractor efficiency for each question item, and Cronbach's alpha (CA) for the test as a whole. Comparison over the 3 years was made using Fisher's exact test and repeated-measures ANOVA with Bonferroni test as post hoc test. Results: Overall, out of 480 MCQs, 272 had no NFD (52 [19.52%], 104 [38.24%], and 116 [42.65%] in 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively) with a significant difference between S3, S2, and S1 (P < 0.0001). The mean CA for the exams in S1, S2, and S3, respectively, were 0.51, 0.77, and 0.84, P < 0.0001. Conclusion: There was an improvement in EIQ following the implementation of longitudinal FDP. Thus, the need for active training and retraining of the faculty for a better EIQ cannot be overemphasized.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Redação/normas , Adulto , Comportamento de Escolha , Educação Médica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arábia Saudita , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
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