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1.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 98-112, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417001

RESUMO

The two poets, an American Sylvia Plath and a Hungarian, Attila József were separated by a quarter of century of time, they lived and worked in different spaces, cultures, but both created in their poetry a radically new style of self-expression, called confessional poetry. The "Belated Lament" of Attila József was written in 1936, and in the following year its author - after repeated earlier attempts - committed suicide. The "Daddy" of Sylvia Plath was written in 1962. She, again, after several attempts, killed herself the following year. They both talk about the powerful effect of the disruptive effect of unresolved Oedipal memories, both are deeply concerned with mourning of the Oedipal other a father and a mother (who died several decades before), and they also construct the death of their own. They both present themselves as an unsuccessful Oedipus and articulate a disturbing and disruptive arrival to Kolonos.


Assuntos
Ego , Pessoas Famosas , Poesia como Assunto/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Complexo de Édipo , Suicídio/história , Estados Unidos , Redação/história
2.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 160-171, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417005

RESUMO

In this early study, written in 1985, I examined six of the most important personality traits of Sylvia Plath, the poet and writer (1). Sylvia oscillated between positions of dependency and independence; she was characterised by sexual inhibition and promiscuity, writer's block and an explosion of writing, achievement con- straint and liberation from the constraint, emotional dependence and independence. Paradoxically, she committed suicide when far more things (children, productive creative period, publication of her novel) tied her to life than was the case before her first suicide attempt (2). Her life was spent in the perspective of death; death was her main point of reference, and at the same time was a constantly present alternative solution (3). Her neurasthenic, sometimes bipolar mode of existence determined her everyday behaviour: fatigue, irritability, a low ability to tolerate failure, a tendency to somatisation, anxious attitude, low self-esteem (4). She lived between extremes: insensitivity and over-sensitivity, bad and good moods, ego systole and ego diastole, ambivalence towards close family members (father, mother, Ted), relationship fluctuating between adoration and hate (5). Her poetry persona was characterised by object phobia: in her poems objects become hooks, loops, traps (6). She was ambivalent towards both women and men: she hated women, while her effective therapist was a woman; she was jealous of men, she was not capable of a symmetrical partner relationship, she was either subordinate or superior. In Plath's poetry the incompatible dichotomy of soft worm and hard mask refers to the irreconcilable contradiction between the male and female world.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Transtornos da Personalidade/história , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Personalidade , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Núcleo Familiar/psicologia , Autoimagem , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Redação/história
3.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 172-182, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417006

RESUMO

An increasing number of studies deal with the potential correspondence between suicidal behaviour and creativity nowadays. Psychobiographical analysis of the life of well known artists may help the better understanding of this phenomenon. In the present study predictive and protective factors of suicide are presented through the case of the well known suicidal poet and writer, Sylvia Plath. The most important predictive factors of suicide in her case are: affective disorder, comorbid anxiety disorder, prior attempt of suicide, and also her seriously affected personality, that mainly appears in her affective dependence. Her life events, both causes and effects of these, are also predisposing suicide. The early loss of her father, ambivalent relation with her mother and her marriage foredoomed to failure are the most significant of them. Although she used to write since her early childhood, the constant fluctuation of her psychological state had serious effect on her ability to write and also her motivation, both being an additional source of stress, due to her performance pressure. The fear of the acceptance of her works could also lay to increased amount of stress and anxiety on her sensitive personality. Her tragical life events, her psychiatric illness and her relentless templets towards herself could cause such a pressing stress, that neither creation, nor motherhood (the most important protective factor for women) could predominate. Neither moving to England, nor her last confessional book, "The Bell Jar" could cure her many kind of wounds, and these factors together lead to the suicide.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Transtornos do Humor/história , Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Fatores de Proteção , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor/complicações , Mães/psicologia , Motivação , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Redação/história
4.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 214-236, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417009

RESUMO

To clarify the relationship between literature and psychiatry we can call on the help of the American-English writer Sylvia Plath, who was given electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy on a number of occasions for psychiatric illness and later took her own life. This study seeks an answer to five questions. Did Sylvia Plath suffer from psychiatric illness? Did she show signs of the bipolar triad (bipolar affective disorder, trait aggression, substance or behavioural dependence)? Did her activity as a writer have a therapeutic effect? What was the nature of her "confessionalism"? To what extent does her oeuvre reflect her life? Sylvia Plath very probably suffered from a psychiatric illness, namely bipolar 2 affective disorder. The unsuitable treatment of her illness and the interruption of intensive psychotherapy could have contributed to her early death. Together with the bipolar affective disorder, she was also characterised by serious dispositional aggression and emotional dependence. For her, writing was both a source of stress, because her dysthymia intensified her inhibitions, and at the same time self-healing and a self-fulfilling prophecy. The roots of her confessionalism can be found in her personality development suspended in the stage of becoming an adult, and the failure to work through her traumas. Unlike Goethe and Salinger who killed their heroes, having them commit suicide in The Sorrows of Young Werther and A Perfect Day for Bananafish, while both writers recovered from their crisis, Sylvia Plath described a positive development in The Bell Jar and in Ariel, her verse cycle, then put her head in the gas oven. Would she have stayed alive if she had followed the patterns of Goethe and Salinger?


Assuntos
Ira , Pessoas Famosas , Imaginação , Literatura Moderna/história , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Transtorno Bipolar/terapia , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Redação/história
6.
Med Humanit ; 44(2): 125-136, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899008

RESUMO

The relationship between pain as a physical and emotional experience and the concept of suffering as an essential aspect of sanctification for faithful believers was a paradoxical and pressing theological and phenomenological issue for puritan and non-conformist communities in 17th-century England. Pain allows the paradox of non-conformists' valorisation and suppression of corporeality to be explored due to its simultaneous impact on the mind and body and its tendency to leak across boundaries separating an individual believer from other members of their family or faith community. The material world and the human body were celebrated as theatres for the display of God's glory through the doctrines of creation and providence despite the fall. Pain as a concept and experience captures this tension as it was represented and communicated in a range of literary genres written by and about puritan and non-conformist women including manuscript letters, spiritual journals, biographies and commonplace books. For such women, targeted by state authorities for transgressing gender norms and the religion established by law, making sense of the pain they experienced was both a personal devotional duty and a political act. Three case studies comprise a microhistory of 17th-century English puritan and non-conformist women's lived experience, interpretation and representation of pain, inscribed in a series of manuscripts designed to nurture the spiritual and political activism of their communities. This microhistory contributes to a better understanding of pain in early modern England through its excavation of the connections that such writers drew between the imperative to be visibly godly, their marginalised subject position as a proscribed religious minority and their interpretation of the pain they experienced as a result.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Relações Metafísicas Mente-Corpo , Dor/história , Religião/história , Comportamento Social/história , Normas Sociais/história , Redação/história , Atitude , Compreensão , Cultura , Emoções , Inglaterra , Feminino , Regulamentação Governamental/história , História do Século XVII , Humanos , Literatura Moderna , Grupos Minoritários , Dor/psicologia , Ativismo Político , Religião e Psicologia , Normas Sociais/etnologia , Espiritualidade , Estresse Psicológico , Pensamento , Mulheres
7.
Acta Med Acad ; 47(1): 94-101, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957977

RESUMO

This paper presents the medical journals published in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) in the period from 1878 to 1945. The first medical journal in BIH may be deemed to be Jahrbuch des Bosnisch-Hercegowinischen Landesspittales in Sarajevo (The Yearbook of the National Hospital of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo). In a special part of this journal, doctors from Austro-Hungary serving in Sarajevo wrote scholarly articles about their patients' various ailments. Up to 1945 seven more medical journals were published in BIH: Trezvenost - Organ Jugoslavenskog Saveza Trezvenosti (Temperance - the Journal of the Yugoslav Temperance Society), Zdravlje - Lekarske pouke o zdravlju i bolesti (Health, Medical lessons on Health and Disease), Glasnik Lekarske komore za Bosnu, Hercegovinu, Dalmaciju i Crnu Goru (The Journal of the Chamber of Physicians of Bosnia, Herzegovina, Dalmatia and Montenegro), Glasnik Lekarske komore Vrbaske banovine (Journal of the Chamber of Physicians of Vrbaska banovina, Glasnik Lekarske komore Drinske banovine (Journal of the Chamber of Physicians of Drinska banovina), Vjesnik Zavoda za suzbijanje endemijskog sifilisa u Bosni i Hercegovini (Journal of the Institute for Combatting Endemic Syphilis in Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Casopis za medicinu i biologiju (Journal for Medicine and Biology). CONCLUSION: Medical journals published in BIH in the period from 1878 to 1945 were published in times marked by specific political and social circumstances in BIH, in the time when BIH was not independent, and was under the influence of the health culture of the ruling regimes. Most of the authors of the articles published in these journals were citizens of the occupying authorities, although the papers published were mainly the result of research undertaken in BIH.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Médicos/história , Editoração/história , Redação/história , Áustria-Hungria , Bibliometria , Bósnia e Herzegóvina , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Política
8.
Intern Med ; 57(5): 745-750, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29491278

RESUMO

Japanese people born before World War II learned Japanese kana (Japanese syllabograms) writing in a style that is not currently used. These individuals had to learn the current style of kana orthography after the war. An 85-year-old man was taken to our hospital by his family who were surprised by his diary. It was written with kanji (Japanese ideograms) and katakana using the prewar style. A neuropsychological examination revealed impaired recall of hiragana. Neuroimaging studies revealed atrophy of the left fronto-parietal lobe and hypoperfusion of the left frontal lobe. His allographic agraphia might have resulted from the disturbance of the current style of kana orthography.


Assuntos
Agrafia/fisiopatologia , Lobo Frontal/fisiopatologia , Escrita Manual , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Redação/história , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Japão , Masculino
9.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 46: 407-409, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28919523

RESUMO

Ruptured iliac artery may initially clinically mimic an isolated inferior limb venous involvement. It was indeed an acute iliac artery dissection complicated by contained rupture and misdiagnosed as inferior limb venous thrombosis that led to the death of Thomas Mann in 1955. The details of the complex case are analyzed. Considerations of medical interest and on actuality of his work are also added.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/história , Erros de Diagnóstico/história , Pessoas Famosas , Aneurisma Ilíaco/história , Redação/história , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Causas de Morte , História do Século XX , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico , Prêmio Nobel , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
10.
Encephale ; 44(6S): S55-S57, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935490

RESUMO

It is difficult to know precisely the history of a functional disease, unlike the natural history of infectious agents, tumour processes or poly-malformative syndromes. In the case of psychiatry, and especially schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, a retrospective look at artistic productions (writings and drawings) makes it possible to reconstitute a whole section of this pathological context. Through four medieval and modern examples, we will see how it is possible to do a paleo-psychiatry: Opicinus de Canistris (14th c.), the Voynich manuscript (15th c.), Hieronymus Bosch (15th-16th c.), and the Codex Seraphinianus (20th c.).


Assuntos
Arte , Criatividade , Pessoas Famosas , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Adulto , Clero/história , Enciclopédias como Assunto , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História Medieval , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina nas Artes/história , Pinturas/história , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquizofrenia/história , Redação/história
11.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 75(11): 830-832, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29236830

RESUMO

The Argentinian author Silvina Ocampo (1903-1993) left us a vast body of works which are considered outstanding in many ways. In 1960, she published a short story, entitled "El médico encantador" (The Charming Physician), in the renowned literary magazine Sur. The central character of this piece is a family doctor named Albino Morgan, who had a secret truth: in any house he visited, all variety of disease also entered. He brought with him the viruses he disseminated. The narrator of this short story-one of his patients-describes four of Morgan's diseases. These imaginary neurological conditions allowed Ocampo to explore improbable situations in everyday life.


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Neurologia , Redação/história , Argentina , História do Século XX
16.
Rev Neurol (Paris) ; 173(3): 125-130, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28343680

RESUMO

Neuropsychiatry had a profound impact on the life and work of one of the most influential French writers of the 20th century, Frédéric Sauser, better known by his pen name Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). Cendrars, whose right writing hand was amputated after a battlefield wound in 1915, described with acuity his stump pain and phantom limb syndrome. He became a left-handed writer. Between 1956 and his death in 1961, he also suffered two strokes that progressively paralyzed his left side and greatly diminished his ability to speak. Cendrars had started medical school in his youth and found that his ideas about the genesis of mental disorders conflicted with the generally accepted psychiatric conceptions of hysteria or psychoanalysis. His theories were greatly enriched by his observations of fellow World War I soldiers, victims of neuropsychiatric disorders. In his novels, many of his characters had borderline conditions, including two spectacularly mad serial killers, Moravagine and Fébronio. The case of Moravagine, fashioned after a patient with a brain tumor, allowed Cendrars to examine the nebulous frontier between neurological and psychiatric diseases.


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Neuropsiquiatria , Redação , França , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Homicídio/psicologia , Humanos , Neuralgia/psicologia , Neuropsiquiatria/história , Membro Fantasma/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Redação/história
18.
JAMA ; 317(6): 650, 2017 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196243
19.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 75(1): 66-68, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099565

RESUMO

Scott Fitzgerald, a world-renowned American writer, suffered from various health problems, particularly alcohol dependence, and died suddenly at the age of 44. According to descriptions in A Moveable Feast, by Ernest Hemingway, Fitzgerald had episodes resembling complex partial seizures, raising the possibility of temporal lobe epilepsy.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/história , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/história , Pessoas Famosas , Redação/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Estados Unidos
20.
Women Birth ; 30(1): e24-e31, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27444643

RESUMO

PROBLEM: Often, there is a sense of shock and disbelief when a mother murders her child. BACKGROUND: Yet, literary texts (plays, poems and novels) contain depictions of women experiencing mental illness or feelings of desperation after childbirth who murder their children. AIM: To further understand why a woman may harm her child we examine seven literary texts ranging in time and place from fifth century BCE Greece to twenty-first century Australia. METHODS: A textual analysis approach examined how the author positioned the woman in the text, how other characters in the text reacted to the woman before, during, and after the mental illness or infanticide, and how the literary or historical critical literature sees the woman. FINDINGS: Three important points about the woman's experience were revealed: she is represented as morally ambiguous and becomes marginalised and isolated; she is depicted as murdering or abandoning her child because she is experiencing mental illness and/or she is living in desperate circumstances; and she believes there is no other option. CONCLUSION: Literary texts can shed light on socio-psychological struggles women experience and can be used to stimulate discussion by healthcare professionals about the development of preventative or early intervention strategies to identify women at risk.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Infanticídio , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Redação/história , Austrália , Parto Obstétrico , Depressão Pós-Parto/história , Feminino , Grécia , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , História Antiga , Humanos , Lactente , Infanticídio/história , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
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