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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 12-16, set.-dez. 2022. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1381007

RESUMO

Verificar a rotina dos cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) e a utilização das mídias sociais, como meio de divulgação profissional e de atração de pacientes em clínicas odontológicas privadas, durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Este estudo transversal qualitativo inclui questionários respondidos por CD atuantes em clínicas privadas na região sudeste do Brasil. Um questionário virtual, elaborado através da plataforma Google Forms, abordou informações sobre o perfil dos profissionais e os aspectos dos métodos publicitários e mídias sociais utilizados para o alcance de pacientes durante o período de pandemia de Covid-19. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e submetidos à análise estatística descritiva (%). No total, 102 CD participaram do estudo, sendo que 96 questionários seguiram os critérios de inclusão para a análise dos dados. A divulgação social como meio de exposição profissional foi uma ação realizada por 75 (78,13%) CD da amostra. Considerando esses profissionais, 74 (98,67%) utilizam redes sociais e domínios virtuais para tal finalidade, sendo que 71 (95,95%) CD usufruem do Instagram. Grande parte dos participantes (71,62%) relatou não possuir assessoria de marketing especializada para fazer publicações de conteúdo profissional nas redes sociais, embora a maioria publique este tipo de conteúdo mais de uma vez por semana (58,11%). Uma grande parcela dos participantes do estudo (67,71%) notou que a pandemia de Covid-19 procovou diminuição na quantidade de pacientes nas clínicas odontológicas. A inclusão de outros equipamentos de proteção individual foi a conduta mais seguida pelos CD (56,25%) para evitar a transmissão da doença neste período. Conclui-se que os CD participantes acreditam que a pandemia de Covid-19 promoveu um impacto negativo na atração de pacientes em clínicas odontológicas privadas na região sudeste brasileira, ainda que a maioria destes profissionais tenham incluído outros equipamentos de proteção individual como medida de segurança e utilizem frequentemente redes sociais para divulgação de conteúdo profissional, tendo o Instagram como a principal mídia social. No entanto, a assessoria de marketing especializada em publicações de conteúdo profissional nas redes sociais ainda é um recurso pouco utilizado no meio odontológico(AU)


To verify the routine of Dental Surgeons (DS) and the use of social media as a means of professional dissemination and patient attraction in private dental clinics during the Covid-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional qualitative study included questionnaires answered by Dental Surgeons working in private clinics in the southeastern region of Brazil. A virtual questionnaire, which was developed through the Google Forms platform, addressed information about the profile of professionals and aspects of advertising methods and social media used to reach patients during the Covid-19 pandemic period. The data were tabulated and submitted to descriptive statistical analysis (%). A total of 102 Dental Surgeons participated in the study, with 96 questionnaires meeting the inclusion criteria for data analysis. Social disclosure as a means of professional exposure was an action performed by 75 (78.13%) Dental Surgeons of the survey. Considering these professionals, 74 (98.67%) use social networks and virtual domains for this purpose and 71 (95.95%) Dental Surgeons use Instagram. A large portion of the participants (71.62%) reported not having a specialized marketing consultancy to make professional contente publications on social media, although most publish this type of content more than once a week (58.11%). A large portion of study participants (67.71%) noted that the Covid-19 pandemic caused a decrease in the amount of patients in the dental clinics. The inclusion of other personal protective equipment was the conduct most followed by the Dental Surgeons (56.25%) to avoid the transmission of the disease in this period. It can be concluded that the participating Dental Surgeons believe that the Covid-19 pandemic promoted a negative impact on attracting patients in private dental clinics in the southeastern region of Brazil, in spite of most of these professionals have included other personal protective equipment as safety measure and frequently use social networks for dissemination of professional content, with Instagram as main social media. However, a marketing consultancy specialized in publishing professional content on social networks is still a resource which is little used in the dental environment(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Odontólogos , Mídias Sociais , COVID-19 , Marketing , Rede Social
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226469, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1392962

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of our study was to analyze the content related to dentistry published on Instagram® and to investigate the students' profiles related to the use of social networks in a sample from a Dentistry School. Methods: This study was carried out in two stages. First, research was conducted to analyze content published on Instagram® related to dentistry. The second part investigated the profiles of students' from a dental school in relation to the use of social networks through a questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed and associations between the variables were tested using Fisher's exact test. Results: We found a diversified and large amount of content related to dentistry published on Instagram®, and publications that involved advertising were more prevalent in our study. There are also many publications that are violating the Code of Dental Ethics. In addition, in the second part of our study, we observed an enormous use of social networks by dental students (98.4%). Conclusions: As a result, we believe that it is important to update professionals about the ethical infractions related to social networks which could be approached during graduate courses in universities. Finally, the analyzed social network seems to be an interesting alternative for disseminating health information in order to dialogue with greater proximity to the large number of users who participate in it


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Códigos de Ética , Odontologia , Rede Social
3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 985576, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091539

RESUMO

The Chinese Plan has provided an important model for the global fight against COVID-19 since its outbreak. The present study describes the structural characteristics of China's COVID-19 patent cooperation network at the province, city, and applicant levels by using social network analysis based on data from the Incopat global patent database since 2020, which helps to clarify the current technology accumulation in this field in China, and provide patent information support for the scientific efforts to fight against COVID-19. The findings are as follows: First, the inter-regional cooperation level in China's COVID-19 patent cooperation network shows a decreasing trend from eastern to central to western regions. At the inter-applicant cooperation level, kinship-based cooperation is the strongest, business-based cooperation has the widest scope, while proximity-based cooperation exists throughout these two main models of cooperation. Second, coastal provinces and cities occupy a core position in the network, and play an important role in utilizing structural holes and bridging. Patent applicants with high centrality are mostly firms. Research institutes and universities mainly play the role of bridges. Third and lastly, there is no large number of cliques at the province and city levels. However, there is a tendency for cliques to develop at the applicant level. Hence, actions are needed to prevent the development of information barriers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , Rede Social
4.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7937355, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093494

RESUMO

The increasingly rampant telecom network fraud crime will cause serious harm to people's property safety. The way to reduce telecom fraud has shifted from passive combat to active prevention. This paper proposes a victim analysis and prediction method based on Bayesian network (BN), which models victims from age, gender, occupation, marriage, knowledge level, etc. We describe the fraud process in terms of whether to report to the police, property loss, and realizing the reasoning of the whole process of telecom fraud. This paper uses expert experience to obtain a Bayesian network structure. 533 real telecom fraud cases are used to learn Bayesian network parameters. The model is capable of quantifying uncertainty and dealing with nonlinear complex relationships among multiple factors, analyzing the factors most sensitive to property damage. According to the characteristics of victims, we conduct situational reasoning in the Bayesian network to evaluate property damage and alarm situations in different scenarios and provide decision support for police and community prevention and control. The experimental results show that male staff in government agencies are the most vulnerable to shopping fraud and women in schools are the most vulnerable to phishing and virus fraud and have the greatest property loss after being deceived; victim characteristics have very limited influence on whether to report to the police.


Assuntos
Fraude , Rede Social , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Fraude/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Incerteza
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15526, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109527

RESUMO

Climate change is expected to have increasing impacts on marine ecosystems which will threaten the livelihoods and wellbeing of millions of people. Drawing on social-ecological network and sociodemographic data collected via face-to-face interviews with 404 small-scale commercial fishers from 9 Galician communities (Spain), we empirically examine the adaptation pathways that fishers follow when they face hypothetical impacts on their fishery resources and test the role of five social-ecological network structures on fisher's stated intended responses to such scenarios. Our results show that fishers generally intend to follow a 'remain-adapt-transform-exit (the fishery)' pathway when faced with increasing climate impacts. Next, we demonstrate that trust-based bonding ties and ties to informal leaders are associated with a 'business-as-usual' strategy. In contrast, communicative bonding ties are associated with adaptive responses, while communicative bridging ties are associated with transformative and exit strategies. Our findings provide key empirical insight that broaden our understanding of the intricate relationship between social networks and adaptive behaviour relevant to social-ecological systems worldwide.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Pesqueiros , Mudança Climática , Humanos , Meio Social , Rede Social
6.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 570, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109560

RESUMO

Evolutionary studies of cooperation in traditional human societies suggest that helping family and responding in kind when helped are the primary mechanisms for informally distributing resources vital to day-to-day survival (e.g., food, knowledge, money, childcare). However, these studies generally rely on forms of regression analysis that disregard complex interdependences between aid, resulting in the implicit assumption that kinship and reciprocity drive the emergence of entire networks of supportive social bonds. Here I evaluate this assumption using individual-oriented simulations of network formation (i.e., Stochastic Actor-Oriented Models). Specifically, I test standard predictions of cooperation derived from the evolutionary theories of kin selection and reciprocal altruism alongside well-established sociological predictions around the self-organisation of asymmetric relationships. Simulations are calibrated to exceptional public data on genetic relatedness and the provision of tangible aid amongst all 108 adult residents of a village of indigenous horticulturalists in Nicaragua (11,556 ordered dyads). Results indicate that relatedness and reciprocity are markedly less important to whom one helps compared to the supra-dyadic arrangement of the tangible aid network itself.


Assuntos
Rede Social , Apoio Social , Adulto , Altruísmo , Evolução Biológica , Humanos
7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 708, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early and appropriate use of antenatal care services is critical for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. Yet most women in sub-Saharan Africa, including Uganda, do not seek antenatal care until later during pregnancy. This qualitative study explored pregnant women's reliance on social ties for information about initiation of antenatal care. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 30 pregnant women seeking their first antenatal care visit at Kawempe Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. Recruitment was done purposively to obtain variation by parity and whether women currently had a male partner. Study recruitment occurred from August 25th 2020 - October 26th, 2020. We used thematic analysis following a two-stage coding process, with both deductive and inductive codes. Deductive codes followed the key domains of social network and social support theory. RESULTS: We found that the most important source of information about antenatal care initiation was these women's mothers. Other sources included their mothers-in-law, female elders including grandmothers, and male partners. Sisters and female friends were less influential information sources about antenatal initiation. One of the primary reasons for relying on their own mothers, mothers-in-law, and elder women was due to these women's lived experience with pregnancy and childbirth. Trust in the relationship was also an important factor. Some pregnant women were less likely to rely on their sisters or female friends, either due to lack of trust or these women's lack of experience with pregnancy and childbirth. The advice that pregnant women received from their mothers and others on the ideal timing for antenatal care initiation varied significantly, including examples of misinformation about when to initiate antenatal care. Pregnant women seemed less likely to delay care when more than one social tie encouraged early antenatal care. CONCLUSIONS: Educating women's social networks, especially their mothers, mothers-in-law, and community elders, about the importance of early antenatal care initiation is a promising avenue for encouraging pregnant women to seek care earlier in pregnancy.


Assuntos
Gestantes , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Paridade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Gravidez , Rede Social , Uganda
8.
Fam Syst Health ; 40(3): 354-363, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Language barriers, isolation, and challenges related to social integration, acculturative stress, and systemic discrimination are correlated with poor physical and mental health outcomes among immigrant populations. Emerging literature highlights the importance of social networks for resiliency and well-being. This study explores the experiences of Venezuelan immigrants in central Florida, factors that have promoted resilience, and considerations for mental health providers to meet the needs of this population. METHOD: A phenomenological approach was used to engage Venezuelan immigrants who had been in the United States for at least 6 months (n = 48) in dialogue about forced migration, identity, and adaptation. Five focus groups using a semistructured format were conducted to explore aspects of the experience before, during, and after migration. Recruitment was done through word of mouth and community gatekeepers. RESULTS: Participants were 54% female with an average age of 45, 85% had at least 1 college degree, and more than half left Venezuela since 2011. Themes were identified from the focus group transcripts and clustered into three broad areas: characteristics and individual experiences, mental health, and family and social context. Major findings included the need for culturally responsive mental health support, which appeared to mitigate distress and the centrality of social networks in support of resiliency. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the present study suggest that community context, support for ethnic identity, and the ability to foster meaningful connections to others with similar experience and identity are critical factors in resilience. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Saúde Mental , Barreiras de Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rede Social , Estados Unidos , Venezuela
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1147, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The social network of the core members of elderly care service social organizations could affect the performance of the organization, while studies concerning its related factors are limited. We aimed to explore factors that are associated with the social network of core members from elderly care service social organizations and provide references and suggestions for improving elderly care services. METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed a multi-stage stratified sampling method, and collected data concerning social network, demographic information and occupation. Univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used to analyze factors that could affect the social network of the core members. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that there is low social network of core members of elderly care social organizations. Out of the total membership, men (AOR = 1.708; 95%CI: 1.034-2.823), those with senior high school education (AOR = 1.923; 95%CI: 1.053-3.511), those with a college degree and above (AOR = 3.010; 95%CI: 1.591-5.692) and those that receive awards related to elderly care services (AOR = 2.260; 95%CI: 1.285-3.976) were associated with higher social network scores. CONCLUSIONS: Our data successfully characterized the social status of core members of elderly care organizations. Therefore, health care professionals and policy makers in social organizations should use this knowledge in the care and service provision to the elderly; and implement actions that would promote networking in social organizations.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo , Organizações , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Rede Social
10.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0272454, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048834

RESUMO

Social Capital refers to the resources associated with durable and trustworthy social connections. Social Capital can be developed through offline and online relationships. It can be distinguished between cognitive Social Capital (perception of trustworthiness, reciprocity, and support) and structural Social Capital (density of social networks and membership, and participation in groups and associations). It can also be distinguished between bonding Social Capital (resources associated with informal networks; i.e., neighbors, friends, colleagues) and bridging Social Capital (resources associated with formal networks; i.e., community service, cultural, religious or political groups/associations). The different forms and dimensions of Social Capital may have distinct effects on health outcomes and self-rated health. Therefore, public health researchers need valid and reliable instruments to investigate Social Capital. However, valid instruments including the measurement of online Social Capital are not available. The Personal Social Capital Scale aims to assess bonding and bridging Social Capital by means of cognitive and structural items. In the present investigation, three studies were carried out (N = 1149) to adapt the Personal Social Capital Scale to develop the Personal On-Offline Social Capital Brief Scale, a brief scale for measuring online and offline bonding and bridging Social Capital in Italy. Factorial structure and convergent/divergent validity in relation to scales measuring constructs with different patterns of relationships with bonding and bridging Social Capital (i.e., social support and stress; sense of community and health) were also investigated. Overall, these studies provide evidence of reliability and validity related to the internal structure of the Personal On-Offline Social Capital Brief Scale in measuring online and offline bonding and bridging Social Capital and discriminating them from similar constructs. This scale is a useful instrument for planning public health interventions.


Assuntos
Capital Social , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rede Social , Apoio Social
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078579

RESUMO

Establishing a scientific and sustainable grading nursing care evaluation system is the key to realizing the rational distribution of medical and nursing resources in the combined medical and nursing care services. This study establishes a grading nursing care index system for medical and nursing institutions from both medical and nursing aspects, and proposes a grading nursing care evaluation model based on a combination of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy entropy and a two- stage gray synthetic clustering model for interval gray number under a social network context. Through case analysis, the proposed method can directly classify the elderly into corresponding grading nursing care grades and realize the precise allocation of medical and nursing resources, which proves the feasibility of the method.


Assuntos
Lógica Fuzzy , Instalações de Saúde , Idoso , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Meio Social , Rede Social
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078651

RESUMO

Recent evidence suggests that social networking sites (SNS) motivate people, in the form of civic engagement, in times of crisis. Yet, there is a lack of empirical investigations that help to understand how SNS use increases civic judgment or participatory behavior. In this study, we examine how the use of SNS in a public health crisis is related to policy support for effective mitigation of risk, particularly focusing on the role of two distinct types of risk perceptions-general and personal risk perceptions. Using an online survey conducted on the issue of fine dust pollution in South Korea (N = 510), this study found that reliance on SNS for learning (i.e., SNS learning dependency) is positively associated with general risk perception, which, in turn, promotes policy support. Moreover, the results revealed a serial mediation process in which SNS learning dependency increases general risk perception, which ultimately increases personal risk perception and policy support. Overall, this study suggests that SNS has the potential to facilitate public engagement in a crisis and that individual motivation to engage with a crisis is not just a function of individual or societal-level risk perception but can be a simultaneous function of different levels of risk perceptions.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Rede Social , Humanos , Políticas , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1140, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social integration, shared decision-making and personalised care are key elements of mental health and social care policy. Although these elements have been shown to improve service user and service-level outcomes, their translation into practice has been inconsistent and social isolation amongst service users persists. AIM: To co-adapt, with service users, carers/supporters and health professionals, a web-based social network intervention, GENIE™, for use in secondary mental health services. The intervention is designed to support social activity and preference discussions between mental healthcare professionals and service users as a means of connecting individuals to local resources. METHODS: In Phase 1 (LEARN), we completed two systematic reviews to synthesise the existing evidence relating to the i) effectiveness and ii) the implementation of social network interventions for people with mental health difficulties. We undertook semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 15 stakeholders previously involved in the implementation of the intervention in physical healthcare settings. Interviews were also conducted with 5 national key stakeholders in mental health (e.g., policy makers, commissioners, third sector leads) to explore wider implementation issues. In Phase 2 (ADAPT), we worked iteratively with eight service users, nine carers, six professionals/volunteers and our patient and public advisory group. We drew on a framework for experience-based co-design, consisting of a series of stakeholder consultation events, to discuss the use of the social network intervention, in mental health services. Participants also considered factors that could serve as enablers, barriers, and challenges to local implementation. RESULTS: Across the stakeholder groups there was broad agreement that the social network intervention had potential to be useful within mental health services. In terms of appropriate and effective implementation, such an intervention was predicted to work best within the care planning process, on discharge from hospital and within early intervention services. There were indications that the social connection mapping and needs assessment components were of most value and feasible to implement which points to the potential utility of a simplified version compared to the one used in this study. The training provided to facilitators was considered to be more important than their profession and there were indications that service users should be offered the opportunity to invite a carer, friend, or family member to join them in the intervention. CONCLUSION: The GENIE™ intervention has been co-adapted for use in mental health services and a plan for optimal implementation has been co-produced. The next phase of the programme of work is to design and implement a randomised controlled trial to evaluate clinical and cost effectiveness of a simplified version of the intervention.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Cuidadores/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Rede Social , Reino Unido
14.
Cien Saude Colet ; 27(10): 3923-3937, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134798

RESUMO

HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) has renewed optimism in controlling the HIV epidemic, despite its continued growth among men who have sex with men (MSM). The popularity of dating-sexual dating apps and digital media platforms in exchanging information and experiences about PrEP on peer social networks is recognized. However, studies on contexts, motivations, and scope in HIV prevention are scarce. The article aims to understand the dynamics of virtual and face-to-face peer networks among MSM for the decision to use PrEP, its disclosure, and publicity. Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 48 PrEP users from five Brazilian cities. Most interviewees share information and experiences about PrEP in peer social networks. However, its publication reveals tensions arising from the permanence of stigmas associated with homosexuality and HIV. The protagonism in exposing the use of PrEP expresses commitment to attracting new users. The relevance of peer social networks in sharing experiences and information about PrEP has the potential to diversify the target audience and expand and democratize PrEP coverage in the country.


A Profilaxia Pré-Exposição ao HIV (PrEP) tem renovado o otimismo no controle da epidemia de HIV, não obstante seu contínuo crescimento entre os homens que fazem sexo com homens (HSH). A popularidade dos aplicativos de encontro afetivo-sexual e plataformas de mídias digitais na troca de informações e experiências sobre PrEP nas redes sociais de pares é reconhecida, embora sejam escassos estudos sobre contextos, motivações e alcance em termos da prevenção ao HIV. O artigo objetiva compreender a dinâmica das redes de pares virtuais e presenciais entre HSH para a decisão de usar PrEP, sua revelação e publicização. Estudo qualitativo com uso de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 48 usuários de PrEP de cinco cidades brasileiras. A maioria dos entrevistados compartilha informações e experiências sobre PrEP nas redes sociais de pares, contudo sua publicização revela tensões decorrentes da permanência de estigmas associados à homossexualidade e ao HIV. O protagonismo na revelação do uso da PrEP expressa engajamento em conquistar novos usuários. A relevância das redes sociais de pares no compartilhamento de experiências e informações sobre a PrEP tem potencial para a diversificação do público-alvo, ampliação e democratização da cobertura de PrEP no país.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Comunicação , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Rede Social
15.
Soc Sci Med ; 310: 115215, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examines how onset of chronic pain affects characteristics of personal social networks among adults aged 51+ across Europe. METHODS: We used population-based data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE; 2011-2015; n = 12,647). Using a change score analysis approach, we tracked changes in personal social networks of respondents experiencing new-onset chronic pain (n = 3803) compared to pain-free counterparts (n = 8844) in 11 European countries over four years. RESULTS: Overall, consistent with network activation theory, respondents with new-onset mild-to-moderate chronic pain reported increases in sizes and diversity of their personal social networks, compared to their pain-free counterparts. However, consistent with the "pain as threat to the social self" theory, respondents with new-onset moderate pain or mild-to-moderate pain reported a decrease over time in perceived satisfaction and closeness with networks, respectively. Estimates from interactions between new-onset pain severity and sex show that men with new-onset pain experienced greater decreases in network satisfaction (mild pain) and closeness (severe pain) than did women. DISCUSSION: This study highlights the complex social consequences of chronic pain, which may vary based on pain severity, gender, and type of social outcome considered.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Aposentadoria , Rede Social , Apoio Social
16.
Psicol. conduct ; 30(2): 391-410, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208435

RESUMO

Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron analizar la presencia de laciberviolencia en parejas jóvenes, explorar las asociaciones entre la ciberviolencia,la dependencia emocional, la empatía y las relaciones filio parentales, e identificarfactores predictores de la ciberviolencia. Para ello, se seleccionó una muestra deconveniencia compuesta por 469 estudiantes universitarios. Estos completaron la“Escala de violencia de pareja en las redes sociales en adolescentes” el“Instrumento de vínculo parental”, el de “Dependencia emocional en el noviazgode jóvenes y adolescentes” y la “Escala de empatía básica”. El 51,9% de la muestraafirmaba haber sufrido ciberviolencia y el 56,6% admitía haberla ejercido. Loschicos puntuaron más alto que las chicas en ciberviolencia y cibervictimización. Seencontró que a mayor nivel de estudios menos ciberviolencia y, a mayor númerode parejas, mayor posibilidad de sufrir ciberviolencia. La escasa evidencia empíricaacerca de los factores relacionados con la ciberviolencia apunta a la importancia deseguir investigando más profundamente sobre variables individuales y familiares. (AU)


The aims of this research were to analyze the presence of cyberviolence inyoung couples, to explore the associations between cyberviolence, emotionaldependence, empathy, and filioparental relationships, and to identify predictors ofcyberviolence. For this purpose, a convenience sample consisting of 469 universitystudents was selected. They completed the following measures: The AdolescentSocial Network Partner Violence Scale, the Parental Bonding Instrument, the DatingEmotional Dependence in Youth and Adolescents, and the Basic Empathy Scale.51.9% of the sample admitted to having suffered cyber-violence, and 56.6%admitted to having perpetrated it. Boys scored higher than girls on cyberviolenceand cybervictimization. It was found that the higher the level of education, thelower level of cyberviolence and the higher the number of partners, the greater thepossibility of suffering cyberviolence. The scarce empirical evidence about thefactors related to cyberviolence points to the need of further research on individualand family variables. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Rede Social , Cyberbullying , Dependência Psicológica , Empatia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudantes
17.
J Exp Bot ; 73(16): 5355-5357, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095660

RESUMO

This article comments on: Chustecki JM, Etherington RD, Gibbs DJ, Johnston IG. 2022. Altered collective mitochondrial dynamics in the Arabidopsis msh1 mutant compromising organelle DNA maintenance. Journal of Experimental Botany 73, 5428-5439. Plant mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can become damaged in many ways. A major repair mechanism is homologous recombination, which requires an undamaged DNA template. Presumably, this template comes from a different mitochondrion in the same cell. Plant mitochondria undergo fission and fusion to form transient networks which could allow the exchange of genetic information. To test this hypothesis, Chustecki et al. (2022) used msh1 mutants with defective DNA repair, and showed that mitochondrial interactions increased, revealing a link between the physical and genetic behavior of mitochondria.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Proteína MutS de Ligação de DNA com Erro de Pareamento/genética , Rede Social
18.
Eur Psychiatry ; 65(1): e55, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perceived loneliness and objective social network size are related but distinct factors, which negatively affect mental health and are prevalent in patients who have experienced childhood maltreatment (CM), for example, patients with persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). This cross-diagnostic study investigated whether loneliness, social network size, or both are associated with self-reported CM. METHODS: Loneliness and social network size were assessed in a population-based sample at two time points (Study 1, N = 509), and a clinical group of patients with PDD or BPD (Study 2, N = 190) using the UCLA Loneliness Scale and the Social Network Index. Further measures were the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and standard depression rating scales. Linear regression analyses were applied to compare associations of loneliness or social network size with CM. Multiple mediation analyses were used to test the relative importance of loneliness and social network size in the relationship between CM and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: In both studies, loneliness showed a stronger association than social network size with CM. This was particularly marked for emotional neglect and emotional abuse. Loneliness but not social network size mediated the relationship between CM and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Loneliness is particularly associated with self-reported CM, and in this respect distinct from the social network size. Our results underline the importance of differentiating both psychosocial constructs and suggest focusing on perceived loneliness and its etiological underpinnings by mechanism-based psychosocial interventions.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Transtorno Depressivo , Solidão , Rede Social , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Chaos ; 32(8): 083124, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049956

RESUMO

The spread of disease on complex networks has attracted wide attention in physics, mathematics, and epidemiology. Recent works have demonstrated that individuals always exhibit different criteria for disease infection in a network that significantly influences the epidemic dynamics. In this paper, considering the heterogeneity of node susceptibility, we proposed an infection threshold model with neighbor resource support. The infection threshold of an individual is associated with the degree, and a parameter follows the normal distribution. Based on improved heterogeneous mean-field theory and extensive numerical simulations, we find that the mean and standard deviation of the infection threshold model can affect the phase transition and epidemic outbreak size. As the mean of the normal distribution parameter increases from a small value to a large value, the system shows a change from a continuous phase transition to a discontinuous phase transition, and the disease even stops spreading. The disease spreads from a discontinuous phase transition to continuous for the sizeable mean value as the standard deviation increases. Furthermore, the standard deviation also varies in the outbreak size.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Distribuição Normal , Física , Rede Social
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15655, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123362

RESUMO

Why is the Twitter, with its extremely length-limited messages so popular ? Our work shows that short messages focused on a single topic may have an inherent advantage in spreading through social networks, which may explain the popularity of a service featuring only short messages. We introduce a new explanatory model for information propagation through social networks that includes selectivity of message consumption depending on their content, competition for user's attention between messages and message content adaptivity through user-introduced changes. Our agent-based simulations indicate that the model displays inherent power-law distribution of number of shares for different messages and that the popular messages are very short. The adaptivity of messages increases the popularity of already popular messages, provided the users are neither too selective nor too accommodating. The distribution of message variants popularity also follows a power-law found in real information cascades. The observed behavior is robust against model parameter changes and differences of network topology.


Assuntos
Rede Social , Humanos
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