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1.
Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) ; 34(2): 45-53, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197294

RESUMO

Absenteeism rates among nurses have increased across Canada over the last several years, with work environment challenges and staffing shortages being possible contributors. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses have worked under increasingly stressful conditions. Unsurprisingly, many nurses are facing mental health challenges. Digital tools to support and enhance access to mental health services are one strategy to support the mental health of nurses. This paper outlines the digital tools and virtual programs available to support the mental health of nurses, recognizing that there is no single solution to address the mental health challenges faced by Canadian nurses during these difficult times.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Grupos de Autoajuda , Rede Social , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Canadá , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Tecnologia
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 381, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite a rapid rise of use of social media in medical disciplines, uncertainty prevails among healthcare professionals for providing medical content on social media. There are also growing concerns about unprofessional behaviors and blurring of professional identities that are undermining digital professionalism. This review tapped the literature to determine the impact of social media on medical professionalism and how can professional identities and values be maintained in digital era. METHODS: We searched the databases of PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and EBSCO host using (professionalism AND (professionalism OR (professional identity) OR (professional behaviors) OR (professional values) OR (professional ethics))) AND ((social media) AND ((social media) OR (social networking sites) OR Twitter OR Facebook)) AND (health professionals). The research questions were based on sample (health professionals), phenomenon of interest (digital professionalism), design, evaluation and research type. We screened initial yield of titles using pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria and selected a group of articles for qualitative analysis. We used the Biblioshiny® software package for the generation of popular concepts as clustered keywords. RESULTS: Our search yielded 44 articles with four leading themes; marked rise in the use of social media by healthcare professionals and students, negative impact of social media on digital professionalism, blurring of medical professional values, behaviors, and identity in the digital era, and limited evidence for teaching and assessing digital professionalism. A high occurrence of violation of patient privacy, professional integrity and cyberbullying were identified. Our search revealed a paucity of existing guidelines and policies for digital professionalism that can safeguard healthcare professionals, students and patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review reports a significant rise of unprofessional behaviors in social media among healthcare professionals. We could not identify the desired professional behaviors and values essential for digital identity formation. The boundaries between personal and professional practices are mystified in digital professionalism. These findings call for potential educational ramifications to resurrect professional virtues, behaviors and identities of healthcare professionals and students.


Assuntos
Profissionalismo , Mídias Sociais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Má Conduta Profissional , Rede Social
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282784

RESUMO

The information propagation of emergencies in social networks is often accompanied by the dissemination of the topic and emotion. As a virtual sensor of public emergencies, social networks have been widely used in data mining, knowledge discovery, and machine learning. From the perspective of network, this study aims to explore the topic and emotion propagation mechanism, as well as the interaction and communication relations of the public in social networks under four types of emergencies, including public health events, accidents and disasters, social security events, and natural disasters. Event topics were identified by Word2vec and K-means clustering. The biLSTM model was used to identify emotion in posts. The propagation maps of topic and emotion were presented visually on the network, and the synergistic relationship between topic and emotion propagation as well as the communication characteristics of multiple subjects were analyzed. The results show that there were similarities and differences in the propagation mechanism of topic and emotion in different types of emergencies. There was a positive correlation between topic and emotion of different types of users in social networks in emergencies. Users with a high level of topic influence were often accompanied by a high level of emotion appeal.


Assuntos
Desastres , Mídias Sociais , Comunicação , Emergências , Emoções , Humanos , Rede Social
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283106

RESUMO

Geo-social community detection over location-based social networks combining both location and social factors to generate useful computational results has attracted increasing interest from both industrial and academic communities. In this paper, we formulate a novel community model, termed geo-social group (GSG), to enforce both spatial and social factors to generate significant computational patterns and to investigate the problem of community detection over location-based social networks. Specifically, GSG detection aims to extract all group-venue clusters, where users are similar to each other in the same group and they are located in a minimum covering circle (MCC) for which the radius is no greater than a distance threshold γ. Then, we present a GSGD algorithm following a three-step paradigm to enumerate all qualified GSGs in a large network. We propose effective optimization techniques to efficiently enumerate all communities in a network. Furthermore, we extend a significant GSG detection problem to top-k geo-social group (TkGSG) mining. Rather than extracting all qualified GSGs in a network, TkGSG aims to return k feasibility groups to guarantee the diversity. We prove the hardness of computing the TkGSGs. Nevertheless, we propose the effective greedy approach with a guaranteed approximation ratio of 1-1/e. Extensive empirical studies on real and synthetic networks show the superiority of our algorithm when compared with existing methods and demonstrate the effectiveness of our new community model and the efficiency of our optimization techniques.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Teóricos , Rede Social
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205305

RESUMO

Social networks affect health. In this empirical study, friendship networks in integrative organized sports were examined and then compared with friendship networks in integrative school. Relevant factors for friendship network formation were investigated, with a particular interest in the relevance of intellectual disability. Advanced social network analysis was performed using exponential random graph modeling (ERGM) on individual attributes and dyadic factors, while controlling for network structures. A meta-analysis of estimated ERGMs in each setting, organized sports and school, was conducted. When controlling for all other included factors, intellectual disability is not relevant for friendship networks in organized sports. Athletic ability and gender homophily are relevant factors, while language and similarity in athletic ability are not. Contrary to the results for organized sports, intellectual disability and speaking a foreign language at home are negative factors in friendship networks at school. Athletic ability is important in both settings. Regarding dyadic factors, gender homophily is important in both settings, but similarity in athletic ability is not. To foster the psychosocial health of children with intellectual disabilities, they should be encouraged to participate in integrative organized sports as, there, they are part of friendship networks in a manner equal to their peers without an intellectual disability.


Assuntos
Amigos , Esportes , Criança , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Instituições Acadêmicas , Rede Social
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201132

RESUMO

Young athletes value their social relations in sports, and these social relations can have consequences when it comes to joining, continuing, and quitting sports. Yet the important question of how social relations in sports develop has not yet been adequately answered. Hence, we investigated how athletes' social relations in sports depend on social relations outside of sports: in leisure, school, and social media. A total of 387 athletes (aged 16-19) from 30 Norwegian sports groups completed a survey on electronic tablets. We asked how social relations in leisure, school, and social media-through the social mechanisms of contact, homophily, and contagion-influenced social relations in sports. We also controlled for the effect of exercise frequency and duration (years) of contact in sports. Exponential random graph modelling (ERGM) analyses showed that first and foremost, relations from social media and leisure, but also school networks and exercise frequency, influence sports networks. This study shows that social relations in sports are diverse and depend on social relations outside sports. We discuss how this has 'counterintuitive' consequences for sports participation, particularly the importance of supporting athletes' social relations outside of sports for the strengthening of social relations within sports when addressing challenges concerning recruitment, continuation, and dropout from sports.


Assuntos
Amigos , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Instituições Acadêmicas , Rede Social
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204059

RESUMO

Social networks protect individuals from mental health conditions of depression and anxiety. The association between each social network type and its mental health implications in the Indian population remains unclear. The study aims to determine the association of depression and anxiety with different social network types in the participants of a community cohort. We conducted a cross-sectional household survey among people aged ≥30 years in geographically defined catchment areas of Kerala, India. We used cross-culturally validated assessment tools to measure depression, anxiety and social networks. An educated male belonging to higher income quartiles, without any disability, within a family dependent network has lower odds of depression and anxiety. Furthermore, 28, 26.8, 25.7, 9.8 and 9.7% of participants belonged to private restricted, locally integrated, wider community-focused, family-dependent and locally self-contained networks, respectively. Close ties with family, neighbours, and community had significantly lower odds of anxiety and depression than private restricted networks. The clustering of people to each social network type and its associated mental health conditions can inform social network-based public health interventions to optimize positive health outcomes in the community cohort.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Rede Social , Apoio Social
8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4430, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285206

RESUMO

The standard measure of distance in social networks - average shortest path length - assumes a model of "simple" contagion, in which people only need exposure to influence from one peer to adopt the contagion. However, many social phenomena are "complex" contagions, for which people need exposure to multiple peers before they adopt. Here, we show that the classical measure of path length fails to define network connectedness and node centrality for complex contagions. Centrality measures and seeding strategies based on the classical definition of path length frequently misidentify the network features that are most effective for spreading complex contagions. To address these issues, we derive measures of complex path length and complex centrality, which significantly improve the capacity to identify the network structures and central individuals best suited for spreading complex contagions. We validate our theory using empirical data on the spread of a microfinance program in 43 rural Indian villages.


Assuntos
Previsões/métodos , Disseminação de Informação , Modelos Teóricos , Rede Social , Simulação por Computador , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Grupo Associado , População Rural
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(7)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202497

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The goal of this survey was to identify the relationship between the level of satisfaction with body image, perceived health, and the usage of social media among freshmen medical university students. The influence of social media and peers was also related to body image. Materials and Methods: An online survey was distributed among freshmen healthcare students. The questionnaire collected sociodemographic, anthropometric data, and information about students' perception about healthy lifestyle using open-ended questions, as well as their opinion about the importance of perfect body image and the level of satisfaction with their physical appearance. Questions focusing on the use of social media and the relationship with body image collected data on the use of social networks and how they affect students' opinion about their own body image. Psychometric data were also gathered using the Body Consciousness Scale. For the statistical analysis, QSR NUD*IST (Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing Searching and Theorizing) Vivo 12 was used for qualitative data and IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics for Windows, version 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used for descriptive and comparative results. Results: In total, 77 students aged 20.09 ± 2.47 years, of which the majority were women (75.30%), were included in the survey. The use of social network was about 4.81 ± 3.60 h/day. Facebook was the most used social networking site (94.80%), followed by Instagram (92.20%), Snapchat (16.90%), WhatsApp (15.60%), and TikTok (10.40%). The most common reason for using these sites was socialization. We found that 64.90% of healthcare students were normal weight. The main barriers for having a healthy lifestyle, as they were perceived by students, were the busy schedule and the lack of time needed to prepare healthy meals, lack of motivation, and lack of money. Women scored higher for the Private Body Consciousness and Public Body Consciousness scales. The main aspects related to a healthy lifestyle referred to physical activity, consumption of fruit and vegetables, water consumption, and a good quality of sleep. Gender differences were discussed as well. Conclusions: The results illustrated the complexity of the relationship between social media and body image and the need to prevent body image concerns, especially in young women.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Estado de Consciência , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Masculino , Caracteres Sexuais , Rede Social
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199964

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of social health and its association with resilience among older adults living alone excluded from the public care service due to their relatively good health. For this cross-sectional study, we surveyed older adults aged between 65 and 80 years using questionnaires to measure the social health status and levels of resilience of the participants. We conducted a hierarchical regression analysis to confirm the association between resilience and social network. Finally, data from 266 community-dwelling older adults were analyzed. We discovered that participants had social networks with a mean score on the Lubben Social Network Scale 18.13 ± 7.98, which means they were socially isolated. The network size (standardized ß = -0.149, p < 0.05) and contact frequency (standardized ß = 0.136, p < 0.05) correlated positively with higher levels of resilience. A hierarchical model accounted for 48.0% of the variance in resilience. The results suggested that interventions by the public health service to protect social health are needed for older adults living alone even when they are physically, emotionally, and cognitively healthy. In addition, smaller network size and higher frequency of contacts may be considered to strengthen resilience, which is a protective factor in social health.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Vida Independente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , República da Coreia , Rede Social , Apoio Social
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207856

RESUMO

Focusing on the diversified demands of location privacy in mobile social networks (MSNs), we propose a privacy-enhancing k-nearest neighbors search scheme over MSNs. First, we construct a dual-server architecture that incorporates location privacy and fine-grained access control. Under the above architecture, we design a lightweight location encryption algorithm to achieve a minimal cost to the user. We also propose a location re-encryption protocol and an encrypted location search protocol based on secure multi-party computation and homomorphic encryption mechanism, which achieve accurate and secure k-nearest friends retrieval. Moreover, to satisfy fine-grained access control requirements, we propose a dynamic friends management mechanism based on public-key broadcast encryption. It enables users to grant/revoke others' search right without updating their friends' keys, realizing constant-time authentication. Security analysis shows that the proposed scheme satisfies adaptive L-semantic security and revocation security under a random oracle model. In terms of performance, compared with the related works with single server architecture, the proposed scheme reduces the leakage of the location information, search pattern and the user-server communication cost. Our results show that a decentralized and end-to-end encrypted k-nearest neighbors search over MSNs is not only possible in theory, but also feasible in real-world MSNs collaboration deployment with resource-constrained mobile devices and highly iterative location update demands.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Privacidade , Algoritmos , Confidencialidade , Rede Social
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299849

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate what opinions and perceptions people have about nursing and the role of nursing staff in nursing homes (NHs) on Social Networking Service (SNS) by analyzing large-scale data through social big-data analysis. METHODS: This study investigated changes in perception related to nursing and nursing staff in NHs during the COVID-19 pandemic era using target channels (blogs, cafes, Instagram, communities, Twitter, etc.). Data were collected on the channel from 12 September 2019 to 11 September 2020, 6 months before and after 12 March 2020 when the COVID-19 pandemic was declared. Selected keywords included "nursing," "nurse," and "nursing staff," and included words were "long-term care settings," "geriatric hospital," and "nursing home." Text mining, opinion mining, and social network analysis were conducted. RESULTS: After the COVID-19 pandemic, the frequency of keywords increased about 1.5 times compared to before. In March 2020 when the COVID-19 pandemic was declared, the negative phrase "be infected" ranked number one, resulting in a sharp 8% rise in the percentage of negative words in that month. The related words that have risen in rank significantly, or were newly ranked in the Top 30 after the pandemic, were related with COVID-19. CONCLUSION: The public began to realize the role of nursing staff in the prevention and management of mass infection in NHs and the importance of nursing staff after the pandemic. Further studies should examine the perceptions of those who have received nursing services and include a wide range of foreign channels.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Percepção , SARS-CoV-2 , Rede Social
13.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 13(1): 29-36, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-201546

RESUMO

Drugs are sold on both dark web services and on social media, but research investigating these drug purchases online is still emerging. The aim of this study is to analyze risk factors associated with buying drugs online. Utilizing theories of criminology and addiction research, it was hypothesized that social bonds, low levels of self-control, and poor mental health are associated with buying drugs online. Additionally, it was predicted that purchases of drugs online would mediate the relationship between low self-control and regular drug use. Participants of this nationwide study were 15 to 25 years old living in the United States (N = 1,212) and Spain (N = 1,212). Measures of impulsivity, a sense of mastery, social belonging, psychological distress, excessive behaviors (drinking, gambling and internet use) were utilized to predict purchasing drugs online. Two percent of the U.S. and Spanish respondents reported buying drugs online with 77% of them utilizing social media services to buy drugs. Results from multinomial logistic regression, penalized maximum-likelihood logistic regression, and binary mediation regression models indicated that buying drugs online was associated with lower self-control, higher psychological distress, and excessive gambling behavior and excessive Internet use. Having online friends was not a risk factor, but having strong social bonds with offline friends served as a protective factor. Additionally, buying drugs online mediated the relationship between low self-control and regular use of drugs. Results indicate that more focus should be placed on mainstream social media services as sources of drug acquisition as online drug buyers have multiple self-control and mental health problems


Las drogas se venden en páginas web oscuras y en las redes sociales, aunque la investigación de estas adquisiciones online está aún en sus comienzos. Este estudio tiene como objetivo examinar los factores de riesgo vinculados a la compra de drogas online. De acuerdo con las teorías de la criminología y la investigación sobre adicciones, se planteó la hipótesis de que los vínculos sociales, el bajo nivel de autocontrol y los problemas de salud mental están relacionados con la compra online de drogas. Además, se postuló que la adquisición online de drogas estaría mediada por la relación entre el bajo autocontrol y el consumo frecuente de drogas. Participaron en el estudio un total de 2,424 jóvenes residentes en Estados Unidos (N = 1,212) y en España (N = 1,212), que fueron evaluados en impulsividad, sensación de dominio, pertenencia social, malestar psicológico, comportamientos abusivos (bebida, juego y utilización de internet) , con el objetivo de predecir la compra online de drogas. El 2% de los participantes de EE UU y España dijeron que compraban drogas online, de los cuales el 77% utilizaba servicios de redes sociales para tal fin. Los resultados de una regresión logística multinomial, regresión logística de máxima verosimilitud penalizada y modelos de regresión de mediación binaria mostraron que la adquisición online de drogas se relaciona con un menor autocontrol y un mayor malestar emocional y abuso del juego, y del uso de internet. El hecho de tener amigos por internet no constituía un factor de riesgo y tener vínculos sociales estrechos con amigos fuera de internet constituía un factor protector. A su vez, la compra online de drogas es un factor que media la relación entre bajo autocontrol y uso habitual de drogas. Los resultados sugieren que debería prestarse mayor atención a las redes sociales como medio habitual de adquisición de drogas, dado que los compradores online de drogas tienen múltiples problemas de salud mental y autocontrol


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Tráfico de Drogas/tendências , Comércio Eletrônico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Rede Social , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Controle de Medicamentos e Entorpecentes/tendências
14.
Nature ; 595(7866): 157-158, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183848
15.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 114, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health care for stigmatized reproductive practices in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often remains illegal; when legal, it is often inadequate, difficult to find and / or stigmatizing, which results in women deferring care or turning to informal information sources and providers. Women seeking an induced abortion in LMICs often face obstacles of this kind, leading to unsafe abortions. A growing number of studies have shown that abortion seekers confide in social network members when searching for formal or informal care. However, results have been inconsistent; in some LMICs with restricted access to abortion services (restrictive LMICs), disclosure appears to be limited. MAIN BODY: This systematic review aims to identify the degree of disclosure to social networks members in restrictive LMICs, and to explore the differences between women obtaining an informal medical abortion and other abortion seekers. This knowledge is potentially useful for designing interventions to improve information on safe abortion or for developing network-based data collection strategies. We searched Pubmed, POPLINE, AIMS, LILACS, IMSEAR, and WPRIM databases for peer-reviewed articles, published in any language from 2000 to 2018, concerning abortion information seeking, communication, networking and access to services in LMICs with restricted access to abortion services. We categorized settings into four types by possibility of anonymous access to abortion services and local abortion stigma: (1) anonymous access possible, hyper stigma (2) anonymous access possible, high stigma (3) non-anonymous access, high stigma (4) non-anonymous access, hyper stigma. We screened 4101 references, yielding 79 articles with data from 33 countries for data extraction. We found a few countries (or groups within countries) exemplifying the first and second types of setting, while most studies corresponded to the third type. The share of abortion seekers disclosing to network members increased across setting types, with no women disclosing to network members beyond their intimate circle in Type 1 sites, a minority in Type 2 and a majority in Type 3. The informal use of medical abortion did not consistently modify disclosure to others. CONCLUSION: Abortion-seeking women exhibit widely different levels of disclosure to their larger social network members across settings/social groups in restrictive LMICs depending on the availability of anonymous access to abortion information and services, and the level of stigma.


Assuntos
Aspirantes a Aborto/psicologia , Aborto Induzido , Revelação , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Rede Social , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estigma Social
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1200, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the challenges posed by the novel coronavirus pandemic is the infodemic risk, that is, a huge amount of information being published on the topic, along with misinformation and rumours; with social media, this phenomenon is amplified, and it goes faster and further. Around 100 million people in Brazil (50% of the inhabitants) are users of social media networks - almost half of the country's population. Most of the information on the Internet is unregulated, and its quality remains questionable. METHODS: In this study, we examine the main characteristics of misinformation published on the topic. We analysed 232 pieces of misinformation published by the Brazilian fact-checking service "Agência Lupa". The following aspects of each news item were analysed: a) In what social media has it circulated?; b) What is the content classification, sentiment and type of misinformation?; d) Are there recurrent themes in the sample studied? RESULTS: Most were published on Facebook (76%), followed by WhatsApp, with 10% of total cases. Half of the stories (47%) are classified as "real-life", that is, the focus is on everyday situations, or circumstances involving people. Regarding the type of misinformation, there is a preponderance of fabricated content, with 53% of total, followed by false context (34%) and misleading content (13%). Wrong information was mostly published in text format (47%). We found that 92.9% of misinformation classified as "fabricated content" are "health tips", and 88.9% of "virtual scams" are also fabricated. CONCLUSION: Brazilian media and science communicators must understand the main characteristics of misinformation in social media about COVID-19, so that they can develop attractive, up-to-date and evidence-based content that helps to increase health literacy and counteract the spread of false information.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Rede Social
17.
Nursing ; 51(7): 24-32, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156997

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Basic guidelines are necessary for international networking in nursing. This article outlines the benefits of and strategies for networking, highlights the social and behavioral considerations of social networking, and presents potential guidelines for further discourse.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Cooperação Internacional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Rede Social , Humanos
18.
Barbarói ; (58): 8-29, jan.-jun. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1150659

RESUMO

O presente artigo resulta de uma pesquisa intervenção de cunho qualitativo, realizada com quinze adolescentes de uma instituição localizada litoral norte de Santa Catarina. Para coleta de dados foram realizadas oficinas musicais, nas quais os participantes escolheram letras de músicas para abordar questões a respeito de sua condição de vida, discorrendo sobre o território onde vivem, a percepção que têm de si e do tempo e sobre as suas redes sociais de apoio. Em um corte temático para efeitos deste artigo, as redes sociais de apoio foram eleitas como a temática a ser analisada e discutida por meio da análise temático-categorial. Os resultados apontaram para um espaço escolar com uma função indefinida, pautado na contestação das regras e normas que são impostas, onde ocorrem brincadeiras e intrigas. Quanto à rede de amigos, observou-se que essa relação é baseada nos sentimentos de confiança e de lealdade, se configurando como uma rede essencial nesse ciclo da vida, assim como a família que se apresenta como um fator de proteção, mesmo perpassando situações conflituosas, de violência, mortes e separações.(AU)


The proposal of this paper is a result from a qualitative intervention research conducted with fifteen teenagers from an institution located north coast of Santa Catarina. For data collection, music workshops were made and the participants chose music lyrics that address questions about their life condition, talking about the place where they live, their perception of themselves, their perception of the time and of the social support networks. In a cutting theme for the proposes of this article, the social support networks were chosen as the theme to be analyzed and discussed by thematic-categorical analysis. The results pointed to a school area with an undefined function, based on the contestation of the rules and regulations that are imposed, where the games and intrigues happen. Referring to the friends network, observed that this relation is based on feelings of trust and loyalty, setting up as a essential network in the life cycle, as well as the family that presents itself as a protective factor, even through conflict situations , violence, deaths an separations.(AU)


El presente artículo es el resultado de una investigación de intervención con enfoque cualitativo, realizada con quince adolescentes de una institución localizada en litoral norte de Santa Catarina. Para la coleta de dados fueron realizados talleres musicales, en los cuales los miembros preferirán letras de canciones que enfoquen cuestiones con respecto a su condición de vida, disertando sobre los lugares donde viven, la percepción que tienen de sí propio, del tiempo y sus redes de apoyo social. En un tema de corte para los efectos de este artículo, se eligieron las redes de apoyo social como el tema para ser analizado y debatido por el análisis de temáticas-categóricas. Los resultados apuntaron para un espacio escolar con una función indefinida, pautado en la contestación de las reglas y normas que son impuestas, donde hay juegos y chismes. Cuanto a la rede de amistades, se ha observado que esta relación se basa en los sentimientos de confianza y de lealtad, se perfila como una red esencial en el ciclo de vida, así como la familia es presentada como un factor de protección, incluso impregna situaciones contradictorias, con violencia, muertes y separaciones.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Rede Social , Música , Fatores de Proteção , Relações Interpessoais , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
19.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 142-148, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254562

RESUMO

partir de la pandemia, los odontólogos han presentado una serie de complicaciones en su práctica diaria, la naturaleza misma de la profesión representa un alto riesgo de contagio y la posibilidad de generar una infección cruzada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, por lo que han tenido que limitar su labor a la atención de urgencias, adquiriendo insumos relacionados a incrementar los cuidados de su grupo de trabajo y del paciente. Objetivo: Conocer el impacto de esta plaga en la práctica de los profesionistas de la salud oral en México. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal mediante la aplicación de una encuesta a través de redes sociales a odontólogos, los resultados se expresaron con tablas de frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: Se recibieron respuestas de 200 cirujanos dentistas con clínica privada, 71% comentó haber cerrado su consultorio al inicio de esta calamidad, en contraste, el 53.5% de profesionales afirmaron tener actualmente una consulta no restringida, refiriendo que se ha visto reducida entre 50 y 75%, la mayoría reconoce que han tenido que reforzar el uso de EPP y algunos protocolos de protección, 16.5% ha padecido COVID-19. Conclusiones: La pandemia ha generado un impacto económico importante en la práctica de los odontólogos, al combinarse la disminución del número de pacientes con el aumento de gastos. Se debe considerar a la odontología como una profesión de alto riesgo, por lo que este gremio debe ser tomado en cuenta para el plan de vacunación como parte importante del sector salud (AU)


Given the nature of their profession, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought complications in their daily practice to odontologists, who are at a high risk of contracting the disease, and the possibility of creating a cross infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. That is why odontologists have had to restrain their practice to attend to emergencies only and acquire consumables and equipment related to improve their patients' care and the safety of their work team. Objective: To know the COVID-19 pandemic impact in the oral health professionals' practice in Mexico. Material and methods: A transversal, descriptive study was conducted by using a survey through social networks to gather information from odontologists practicing in Mexico. Results were presented in frequency and percentage tables. Result: Responses of 200 dental surgeons in private practice were received. 71% said that they closed their office at the beginning of the pandemic. On the other hand, 53.5% of them currently have a non-restricted practice but it is reduced between 50 and 75%. Most of them recognized that they had to improve the use of PPE and add some protection protocols, 16.5% have suffered from COVID-19. Conclusions: This pandemic has generated an important economic impact in the odontological practice, combining the decrease in the number of patients with the increase in their office expenses. Odontology must be considered a high-risk profession and an important part of the health sector, consequently, these professionals must be included in the vaccination plan on a priority basis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Protocolos Clínicos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Análise Estatística , Inquéritos e Questionários , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Vacinação , Rede Social , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , México/epidemiologia
20.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 155-161, mayo-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254703

RESUMO

Las tecnologías en la educación son un conjunto de recursos, procesos y herramientas de la información y comunicación aplicadas a las actividades del sistema educativo para favorecer el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje. Las técnicas de enseñanza-aprendizaje convencionales sufrieron un cambio drástico tras la pandemia por COVID-19 y la educación odontológica se ha visto seriamente afectada. Si bien la práctica clínica de los estudiantes de odontología no puede ser sustituida por ningún motivo, existen múltiples herramientas, aplicaciones y plataformas digitales que permiten a los profesores impartir y diseñar cursos a distancia para favorecer el aprendizaje y la interiorización de conocimiento por parte de sus alumnos. El objetivo del presente artículo es explicar las diferentes tecnologías educativas existentes y la forma en cómo estas pueden ser aplicadas en el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje en odontología (AU)


Technology in education is a set of information and communication resources, processes and tools applied to the activities of the educational system to favor the teaching-learning process. Conventional learning teaching techniques underwent a drastic change after the COVID-19 pandemic, and dental education has been significantly affected. Although the clinical practice of dental students cannot be replaced for any reason, there are multiple tools, applications and digital platforms that allow teachers to teach and design distance courses to promote learning and internalization of knowledge by students. The aim of this article is to explain the different existing educational technologies and how these can be applied in the teaching-learning process in dentistry (AU)


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Tecnologia Educacional , Educação em Odontologia , COVID-19 , Serviços de Integração Docente-Assistencial , Educação à Distância/métodos , Internet , Currículo/tendências , Rede Social
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