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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 3-8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Achieving a standard of clinical research at the pinnacle of the evidence pyramid is historically expensive and logistically challenging. Research collaboratives have delivered high-impact prospective multicentre audits and clinical trials by using trainee networks with a range of enabling technology. This review outlines such use of technology in the UK and provides a framework of recommended technologies for future studies. METHODS: A review of the literature identified technology used in collaborative projects. Additional technologies were identified through web searches. Technologies were grouped into themes including access (networking and engagement), collaboration and event organisation. The technologies available to support each theme were studied further to outline relative benefits and limitations. FINDINGS: Thirty-three articles from trainee research collaboratives were identified. The most frequently documented technologies were social media applications, website platforms and research databases. The Supportive Technologies in Collaborative Research framework is proposed, providing a structure for using the technologies available to support multicentre collaboration. Such technologies are often overlooked in the literature by established and start-up collaborative project groups. If used correctly, they might help to overcome the physical, logistical and financial barriers of multicentre clinical trials.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Relações Interprofissionais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Comunicação , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Humanos , Internet , Redes Sociais Online , Estudantes de Medicina
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480606

RESUMO

Ecological preservation and sustainable development depend on active public involvement. The emergence of online environmental communities greatly facilitates people's participation in green endeavors. The population penetration of such platforms accelerates as existing users persuade people around them and media coverage further attracts public attention. This snowball effect plays an important role in the user base expansion, but the specific mechanism of social influence involved is yet to be examined. Based on the social influence theory, cognitive response theory, and elaboration likelihood model, this study establishes a research model depicting the relationship between persuasion in terms of social influence and outcomes in terms of behavioral intention and actual participation through the mediation of cognitive responses in terms of perceived value and perceived risk. Empirical results from survey observations show that social influence has both moderated (by education) and mediated (through perceived risk) effects on behavioral intention, which leads to actual participation. Meanwhile, social influence shapes the perceived value, which has a direct and strong impact on actual participation. These central and peripheral routes through which social influence affects individual participation yield useful theoretical and practical implications on human behavior with online environmental communities.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Massa , Redes Sociais Online , Facilitação Social , Participação Social , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Adolescente , Adulto , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação Persuasiva , Probabilidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Psychol Addict Behav ; 33(6): 552-560, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368722

RESUMO

The development of online dating has created a cultural shift in how emerging adults approach dating. The present study examined retrospective and event-level associations between alcohol, online dating, and sexual hookups among a sample of single, postcollege women. Participants completed baseline and 24 electronic daily diary surveys on alcohol use, sexual behavior, and method for meeting their sexual partners. We examined the influence of alcohol on sexual hookups, and how method of meeting a partner, and location prior to the hookup influenced level of intoxication during a sexual hookup. There was a within-person effect of alcohol on likelihood of engaging in a sexual hookup whereby hookups were more likely on days when women reported higher levels of intoxication relative to their average drinking. Spending time at bar/party prior to a sexual hookup was associated with higher levels of intoxication prior to a sexual hookup relative to being at other locations. Measured in the daily diary surveys, meeting a sexual hookup partner online was associated with lower levels of intoxication during the hookup relative to when meeting at bars/parties, even when including location just prior to the hookup in the model. The baseline retrospective analyses also indicated that meeting a partner online was associated with drinking less frequently before a sexual hookup relative to meeting a partner at a bar/party. Interventions to address alcohol use, method for meeting a partner, and location prior to hookups could be effective in decreasing potential negative consequences of alcohol-related sexual behavior in emerging adult women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Redes Sociais Online , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Intoxicação Alcoólica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 53-64, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184730

RESUMO

Social networks websites, and specially the LinkedIn platform, have changed the landscape of recruitment and personnel selection to a unified organizational process. Thus, apart from using LinkedIn as a recruitment tool, professionals also use it to make evaluative inferences regarding the individual characteristics of the candidates (e.g., their personality). However, most of the research focused on LinkedIn has left aside the evidence about its validity for decision making in the work setting. In our study we analyze the criterion oriented validity of LinkedIn incumbents professional profiles (N = 615) in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector with some measures of job performance. The results show four major factors underlying LinkedIn profiles about professional experience, social capital, updating knowledge, and non-profesional information. These factors are significantly related to productivity, absenteeism, and the potential for professional development. These findings are discussed in light of their theoretical and practical implications


Las redes sociales, y especialmente la plataforma LinkedIn, están convirtiendo la función de reclutamiento y selección de personal en un proceso cada vez más unificado. Además de como herramienta de reclutamiento, los profesionales utilizan esta plataforma para hacer inferencias de evaluación sobre las características individuales de los candidatos, aunque la mayoría de las investigaciones han dejado de lado el análisis de su validez para la toma de decisiones en el entorno laboral. En nuestra investigación hemos estudiado los perfiles profesionales en LinkedIn de trabajadores del sector de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (N = 615), y su validez orientada a criterios de desempeño laboral. Los resultados muestran cuatro factores principales que subyacen a los perfiles de LinkedIn: experiencia profesional, capital social, actualización de conocimientos e información complementaria. Estos factores están significativamente relacionados con la productividad, el absentismo y el potencial de desarrollo profesional. Estos hallazgos se discuten a la luz de sus implicaciones teóricas y prácticas


Assuntos
Humanos , Redes Sociais Online , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Competência Profissional , Psicometria/métodos , Controle de Qualidade , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Descrição de Cargo
6.
J Behav Addict ; 8(2): 306-317, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Perceived stress has been regarded as a risk factor for problematic social networking site (SNS) use, yet little is known about the underlying processes whereby confounding variables may mediate or moderate this relationship. To answer this question, this study examined whether depression and anxiety mediated the relationship between perceived stress and problematic SNS use, and whether these mediating processes were moderated by psychological resilience and social support. METHODS: Participants were 641 Chinese college students who completed anonymous questionnaires measuring perceived stress, depression/anxiety, psychological resilience, social support, and problematic SNS use. RESULTS: The results showed that (a) depression/anxiety mediated the relationship between perceived stress and problematic SNS use; (b) the mediating effects of depression/anxiety on the association between perceived stress and problematic SNS use were moderated by psychological resilience. Specifically, the mediating effects of depression/anxiety were stronger for individuals with lower levels of psychological resilience, compared with those with higher levels of psychological resilience; and (c) the mediating effects of depression/anxiety were not moderated by social support, although social support was negatively related to depression/anxiety. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study can contribute to a better understanding of how and when perceived stress increases the risk of problematic SNS use, and implies the importance of enhancing psychological resilience in preventing problematic SNS use.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Redes Sociais Online , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
7.
Actas urol. esp ; 43(5): 269-276, jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181095

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Hoy en día es casi imposible desvincular la mayoría de las fuentes de conocimiento e información modernos a las tecnologías 2.0. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una revisión de las redes sociales (RRSS) científicas (RRSS-C) y el papel que estas desempeñan en la urología actual. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en la base de datos PubMed hasta julio de 2018. Se utilizaron los siguientes términos de búsqueda: "Redes sociales", "Urología", "Ciencia", "Investigación". Resultados: Las RRSS ofrecen servicios integrados y herramientas sencillas para la comunicación, la colaboración y la participación. Las instancias prototípicas populares de las redes son Facebook, Twitter o Instagram. Las RRSS no solo han afectado la vida privada y la comunicación personal, sino que también han tenido un alto impacto en el mundo empresarial y la ciencia. En este sentido, el término RRSS-C describe el uso de las plataformas de tecnologías 2.0 en el trabajo científico. Existen diferentes modelos de RRSS-C. Están los identificadores de autor, que son identificadores únicos que permiten gestionar la identidad profesional de cada investigador, distinguiéndolos de otros investigadores y asociando inequívocamente su trabajo. Los perfiles de autor nos ayudan a gestionar nuestro propio perfil académico y a controlar la información disponible sobre nosotros. De esta manera nos aseguramos de que otros investigadores encuentren información correcta y completa sobre nuestra carrera e investigación. Algunos ejemplos de RRSS-C son: ResearchGate, ORCID y Mendeley, entre otros. Conclusiones: Las RRSS-C no solo deben proporcionar información y servicios importantes para la literatura y búsqueda de esta, sino que también podrían ser un catalizador importante para promover servicios apropiados y útiles en el contexto de un nuevo concepto de ciencia, la ciencia 2.0


Introduction and aims: Nowadays, it is almost impossible not to link most of the sources of modern knowledge to information of 2.0 technologies. The aim of this review is to analyse the role of scientific social media (Sc-SoMe) and its potential applications in urology. Material and methods: A literature search was carried out using the PubMed database until July 2018. The research was performed with the following terms: "Social Media", "urology", "science", "research". Results: Social media (SoMe) offers integrated services and easy tools for communication, collaboration and participation. Popular prototypical platforms of SoMe are Facebook, Twitter or Instagram. SoMe not only influence private life and personal communication, but these also affect business and science sectors. In this sense, the term Sc-SoMe describes the impact and usage of 2.0 technologies platforms on scientific work. There are different models of Sc-SoMe such as author identifiers which are unique identifiers that allow managing the professional identity of each researcher, distinguishing them from other researchers and unequivocally associating their work and author profiles. This helps us manage our own academic profile and control the information available about us and ensure that other researchers are finding correct and complete information about our research and career. Examples of Sc-SoMe are: ResearchGate, ORCID, Mendeley among others. Conclusions: Sc-SoMe should not only provide important information and services for literature and literature search. These could also be an important catalyst for promoting appropriate and helpful services in the context of a new concept of science, the science 2.0


Assuntos
Urologia/educação , Gestão do Conhecimento para a Pesquisa em Saúde , Redes Sociais Online , Urologia/tendências , Pesquisa/tendências , Big Data
8.
Rev. esp. drogodepend ; 44(2): 26-42, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184428

RESUMO

Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) han cambiado el mundo. Sabemos de sus ventajas: velocidad, accesibilidad, superación de barreras, intercomunicación en tiempo real en cualquier lugar, entre otras. Sin embargo, este avance tecnológico también tiene sus peligros: el mal uso, la posible adicción, riesgo de prácticas como el cy-berbullying, el grooming, suplantación de identidad, entre otros. Prácticas que en vez de potenciar al ser humano lo puede incluso destruir. En este trabajo se presentan los principales resultados de un estudio descriptivo sobre uso que hacen de las TICs, jóvenes residentes en la Comunidad Canaria. Para ello fueron entrevistados un total de 6134 jóvenes (entre 12 y 17 años) afincados en las 7 islas del archipiélago. Se exponen resultados (porcentajes y Chi cuadrado) sobre el uso de internet, teléfono móvil, videojuegos y apuestas en línea de la muestra estudiada. Estos resultados pretenden contribuir a describir los patrones de uso de las TIC en población juvenil, así como a establecer los límites entre el uso y el mal uso de estas tecnologías


New information and communication technologies (ICT) have changed the world. Their advantages are well known: speed, accessibility, overcoming barriers, intercommunication in real time anywhere, etc. These technological advances nevertheless also have their dangers: misuse, possible addiction, risks such as cyberbullying, grooming, identity impersonation, etc., Instead of empowering the human being, these practices can even destroy him. The present work is a descriptive study of the use of ICT (Information and communication technology) by young people living in the Canary Islands. A total of 6134 teenagers (from 12 to 17 years old) settled on the seven islands of the archipelago were interviewed. Results (percentages and Chi square) are presented on the use of the Internet, mobile phone, videogames and online bets. These results are intended to help to clarify the boundaries between the use and abuse of these technologies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Jogos de Vídeo/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso à Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Redes Sociais Online , Comportamento do Adolescente , Entrevistas como Assunto , Espanha/epidemiologia
9.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 654, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyberbullying is a growing public health concern threatening the well-being of adolescents in both developed and developing countries. In Taiwan, qualitative research exploring the experiences and perceptions of cyberbullying among Taiwanese young people is lacking. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of high school students (aged 16 to 18) from five schools in Taipei, Taiwan, without prior knowledge of their cyberbullying experiences. In total, 48 participants were interviewed. RESULTS: We found that the experience of cyberbullying is common, frequently occurs anonymously and publicly on unofficial school Facebook pages created by students themselves, and manifests in multiple ways, such as name-calling, uploading photos, and/or excluding victims from online groups of friends. Exclusion, which may be a type of cyberbullying unique to the Asian context, causes a sense of isolation, helplessness, or hopelessness, even producing mental health effects in the victims because people place the utmost importance on interpersonal harmony due to the Confucian values in collectivistic Asian societies. In addition, our study revealed reasons for cyberbullying that also potentially reflect the collectivistic values of Asian societies. These reasons included fun, discrimination, jealousy, revenge, and punishment of peers who broke school or social rules/norms, for example, by cheating others or being promiscuous. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal the pressing need for the Taiwanese school system to develop cyberbullying prevention programmes considering the nature and sociocultural characteristics of cyberbullying.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/psicologia , Redes Sociais Online , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Ira , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan
10.
World Neurosurg ; 129: e367-e374, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the debut of Facebook in 2004, social media (SoMe) has garnered increased popularity and usage worldwide. Given its appeal and visibility, many industries have used SoMe to promote products for professional purposes. Specialized sites have subsequently been created to connect users in similar disciplines. Although SoMe sites have amassed over 1-billion followers, SoMe usage in the neurosurgical community has not yet been well described. METHODS: We present an online survey administered to neurosurgery faculty, fellows, and residents in 102 U.S. accredited programs to gauge usage and perception of SoMe for professional purposes. RESULTS: Of all surveys distributed, 241 neurosurgeons responded with an attending, resident, to fellow breakdown of 137, 96, and 8, respectively. A total of 55.97% of respondents were under the age of 34, 2% were over the age of 75, and 81% of respondents identified as men. An overwhelming majority cited conferences (83%) and in-person meetings as their preferred method of networking. However, 70% state they use SoMe for professional purposes with Doximity and LinkdIn listed as the most popular (49% and 48%, respectively) platforms. Lack of time and perceived value, in addition to privacy concerns, were noted to be the main factors for those refraining from SoMe use. CONCLUSIONS: As SoMe becomes increasingly popular and its use expands, the majority of neurosurgeon respondents are also using SoMe for professional purposes. Although lack of time, lack of perceived value, and privacy concerns were hindrances to usage, other factors like age do not seem to correlate with SoMe adoption for professional aims.


Assuntos
Neurocirurgiões , Neurocirurgia , Redes Sociais Online , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(6): 47-61, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135323

RESUMO

As social media becomes increasingly popular, human subjects researchers are able to use these platforms to locate, track, and communicate with study participants, thereby increasing participant retention and the generalizability and validity of research. The use of social media; however, raises novel ethical and regulatory issues that have received limited attention in the literature and federal regulations. We review research ethics and regulations and outline the implications for maintaining participant privacy, respecting participant autonomy, and promoting researcher transparency when using social media to locate and track participants. We offer a rubric that can be used in future studies to determine ethical and regulation-consistent use of social media platforms and illustrate the rubric using our study team's experience with Facebook. We also offer recommendations for both researchers and institutional review boards that emphasize the importance of well-described procedures for social media use as part of informed consent.


Assuntos
Ética em Pesquisa , Registros de Saúde Pessoal , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/normas , Privacidade/legislação & jurisprudência , Sujeitos da Pesquisa , Mídias Sociais/ética , Mídias Sociais/legislação & jurisprudência , Comunicação , Humanos , Redes Sociais Online , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/tendências , Mídias Sociais/tendências
12.
Dermatol Online J ; 25(4)2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046905

RESUMO

WeChat is a closed social networking platform that allows users to connect privately, providing instant text, photo sharing, voice, and video calls. It is now the most popular mobile chat app in China. The widespread use and ease of establishing technology made WeChat an ideal platform for healthcare, in which it has many uses that include scheduling, follow up, and post-procedure monitoring. In addition, one may make payments and handle prescriptions via e-pharmacy. Dermatologists are often looking for a secure and easy way to use mobile applications to share clinical images and to obtain photographs from patients. We aim to provide an overview of WeChat and its current applications for healthcare and dermatology.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Dermatologia , Aplicativos Móveis , Redes Sociais Online , China , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Honorários e Preços , Humanos , Fotografação , Videoconferência
14.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(5): 325-329, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100022

RESUMO

False consensus effect (FCE) refers to a cognitive bias of relative overestimation of public support for one's own opinion. FCE has been linked to selective social interaction with like-minded people as well as to selective exposure to attitude-consistent information. Previous studies tested these links mostly in offline settings. However, it is assumed that FCE is also affected by the homogeneity of users' online contact network, the extent to which they use online social network (OSN), and their individual tendency to avoid ambiguous information. Two online studies with a total of 380 participants aged 18-35 years were conducted to test these hypotheses through a multilevel modeling approach. In Study 1, participants with a more homogeneous online network, longer daily OSN usage time, and lower ambiguity tolerance displayed significantly higher FCE. The effects of network homogeneity and ambiguity tolerance were replicated in Study 2. The implications of these findings are interpreted in the context of prior studies on FCE as well as the notion of OSN as "echo chambers."


Assuntos
Atitude , Relações Interpessoais , Redes Sociais Online , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Evid Based Med ; 12(2): 147-154, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews have plain language summaries (PLSs) that are translated into multiple languages, mostly by volunteers. We aimed to survey volunteer translators to find out their characteristics, motivation, and suggestions to further improve this translation project. METHODS: We surveyed 176 registered volunteer translators from the Cochrane Croatia PLS translation project. A 28-item survey, created for the purpose of this study, was administered via SurveyMonkey in November-December 2017. Translators received an invitation to the survey and two follow-up reminders via e-mail. Primary and secondary outcomes were the characteristics and motivation of volunteers. RESULTS: We received 106 responses (60% response rate) to the survey. The translators were on average (standard deviation) 32 ± 10 years old, they were mostly women (74%), and most of them were medical doctors (29%) or pharmacists (13%). The majority found out about the translation project from acquaintances and colleagues. Most of them indicated that they have still had high motivation for the project, but for the majority, the number of translations decreased over time. When asked what could motivate them to translate more Cochrane PLSs, or to start translating if they did not translate anything yet, the most common answers were: feedback about translation quality, reminders, a workshop for translators and Facebook group for translators. CONCLUSION: Cochrane volunteer PLS translators are a motivated and highly educated group, but their translation output is decreasing with time. Reminders, feedback and education are interventions that should be tested to increase volunteer engagement in such initiatives.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Motivação , Tradução , Voluntários/psicologia , Adulto , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Sociais Online , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Traduções , Adulto Jovem
16.
Disabil Health J ; 12(4): 722-726, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social support during pregnancy is important for the health of mother and baby, yet little is known about social support available to women with disabilities during pregnancy. Internet social networks are one emerging source of social support, and social networks may help connect mothers with similar disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceptions of women with mobility impairments about social support received during pregnancy from three sources: women with similar disabilities and previous pregnancy known in-person, women with similar disabilities and previous pregnancy met via online social networks, and healthcare providers. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, an online survey of women with mobility impairments examining emotional and informational social support during pregnancy was distributed through email lists, social media and snowball recruitment. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were conducted to examine differences in social support received by source. RESULTS: Responses from 63 eligible women were received. The majority of participants (n = 32, 51%) were connected both in-person and online to women with similar disabilities who had been pregnant, but 15 women (24%) were not connected to any women with similar disabilities who had been pregnant. Scores for informational social support from women met online were significantly higher than from women known in-person (p < .01) and from healthcare providers (p < .01). Scores for emotional social support from women met online were significantly higher than from women known in-person (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Interventions promoting online connections may help leverage an underutilized source of social support for women with mobility impairments seeking social support during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Atitude , Pessoas com Deficiência , Internet , Redes Sociais Online , Gestantes , Apoio Social , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Correio Eletrônico , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Limitação da Mobilidade , Mães , Gravidez , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Disasters ; 43(3): 634-657, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087597

RESUMO

Advances in information and communication technologies enable the public to contribute to emergency response. For instance, reporting systems set up during recent disasters allowed affected people to submit testimonies about conditions on the ground. In addition, the public has analysed data and helped to mobilise and deliver relief resources. To plan intentionally for an integrative emergency response system in the networked age, this research explores two subject areas: (i) the organisational and technical determinants of relationships forged between formal organisations and participatory online groups established by the public; and (ii) the consequences of the outcomes generated by these relationships. Four in-depth case studies were selected for the analysis, which revealed that resource dependence, shared understanding, and the use of certain types of information technology influence the formation of such relationships. Furthermore, healthy collaborative relationships increase the chances of desirable results, including inter-organisational alignment and minimal long-term harm owing to a disaster.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Redes Sociais Online , Organizações , Humanos
18.
Cancer Control ; 26(1): 1073274819841609, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010296

RESUMO

With the rise in the use of the Internet for health-related purposes, social networking sites (SNSs) have become a prominent platform for cancer communication and information exchange. Studies of cancer communication on SNS have mostly focused on understanding the quantity, content, quality, and user engagement (eg, likes and comments) with cancer-related information on SNS. There is less of an understanding of when and why people coping with cancer turn to SNS for cancer-related information, and how users appraise the credibility of cancer-related information obtained on SNS. In this study, we use data from in-depth qualitative interviews with 40 primary caregivers of pediatric patients with cancer to examine how cancer caregivers engage in information appraisal and credibility assessment of cancer-related information obtained on SNS. Findings show that cancer caregivers turned to SNS for cancer-related information because information on SNS was immediate, targeted in response to specific caregiver questions and concerns, and tailored to the specific information needs of cancer caregivers. Cancer caregivers evaluated the credibility of cancer-related information obtained on SNS through assessment of the SNS user who posted the information, frequency the same information was shared, and external corroboration. Findings have important implications for cancer communication and information interventions and point to elements of SNS cancer communication that can be integrated into health professional-facilitated communication and cancer information strategies.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Neoplasias , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Feminino , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Comunicação em Saúde/tendências , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Alfabetização em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Redes Sociais Online , Pais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 438, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information and emotions towards public health issues could spread widely through online social networks. Although aggregate metrics on the volume of information diffusion are available, we know little about how information spreads on online social networks. Health information could be transmitted from one to many (i.e. broadcasting) or from a chain of individual to individual (i.e. viral spreading). The aim of this study is to examine the spreading pattern of Ebola information on Twitter and identify influential users regarding Ebola messages. METHODS: Our data was purchased from GNIP. We obtained all Ebola-related tweets posted globally from March 23, 2014 to May 31, 2015. We reconstructed Ebola-related retweeting paths based on Twitter content and the follower-followee relationships. Social network analysis was performed to investigate retweeting patterns. In addition to describing the diffusion structures, we classify users in the network into four categories (i.e., influential user, hidden influential user, disseminator, common user) based on following and retweeting patterns. RESULTS: On average, 91% of the retweets were directly retweeted from the initial message. Moreover, 47.5% of the retweeting paths of the original tweets had a depth of 1 (i.e., from the seed user to its immediate followers). These observations suggested that the broadcasting was more pervasive than viral spreading. We found that influential users and hidden influential users triggered more retweets than disseminators and common users. Disseminators and common users relied more on the viral model for spreading information beyond their immediate followers via influential and hidden influential users. CONCLUSIONS: Broadcasting was the dominant mechanism of information diffusion of a major health event on Twitter. It suggests that public health communicators can work beneficially with influential and hidden influential users to get the message across, because influential and hidden influential users can reach more people that are not following the public health Twitter accounts. Although both influential users and hidden influential users can trigger many retweets, recognizing and using the hidden influential users as the source of information could potentially be a cost-effective communication strategy for public health promotion. However, challenges remain due to uncertain credibility of these hidden influential users.


Assuntos
Doença pelo Vírus Ebola , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Redes Sociais Online , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
20.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(5): 344-348, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939034

RESUMO

Dating involves a range of complex social skills that autistic adults can often find challenging. Many autistic adults have turned to online dating, which in theory may ameliorate these social difficulties. The aim of this study was to explore, for the first time, how autistic males describe themselves in online dating profiles. The online dating profiles of 52 self-identified autistic males were analyzed using a combination of frequency and thematic analyses. A common pattern of self-description was identified, involving a combination of both desirable and undesirable characteristics. Themes included interests, negative descriptions of personality, ideal match, and autism. Findings are discussed in terms of desirability, the norms of online dating, and the benefits and costs of computer-mediated communication for autistic male online daters.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Redes Sociais Online , Personalidade , Habilidades Sociais , Adulto , Comunicação , Emoções , Humanos , Masculino
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