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1.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 171-174, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455983

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman with chest pain for 6 hours was admitted to our chest pain center, presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed acute total occlusion in the proximal left anterior descending artery due to late stent thrombosis. After thrombus aspiration and intracoronary administration of 0.5 mg tirofiban, repeated angiography showed that no obvious residual stenosis remained. The patient underwent drug-coated balloon angioplasty 69 days ago and was then administered dual antiplatelet treatment (aspirin and clopidogrel) uninterruptedly. Genetic testing found that both cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) (G681A) and glycoprotein Ia (GPIa) (C807T, G873A) were hybrid mutant types, demonstrating that the patient was possibly resistant to clopidogrel and aspirin simultaneously. Thus, clopidogrel was replaced by ticagrelor and no more cardiovascular adverse events occurred during the 2-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Integrina alfa2/genética , Mutação/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Stents/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/terapia , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Tirofibana/administração & dosagem , Tirofibana/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Surg Res ; 257: 294-305, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents impair post-angioplasty re-endothelialization thus compromising restenosis prevention while heightening thrombotic risks. We recently found that inhibition of protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) effectively mitigated both restenosis and thrombosis in rodent models. This motivated us to determine how PERK inhibition impacts re-endothelialization. METHODS: Re-endothelialization was evaluated in endothelial-denuded rat carotid arteries after balloon angioplasty and periadventitial administration of PERK inhibitor in a hydrogel. To study whether PERK in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) regulates re-endothelialization by paracrinally influencing endothelial cells (ECs), denuded arteries exposing SMCs were lentiviral-infected to silence PERK; in vitro, the extracellular vesicles isolated from the medium of PDGF-activated, PERK-upregulating human primary SMCs were transferred to human primary ECs. RESULTS: Treatment with PERK inhibitor versus vehicle control accelerated re-endothelialization in denuded arteries. PERK-specific silencing in the denuded arterial wall (mainly SMCs) also enhanced re-endothelialization compared to scrambled shRNA control. In vitro, while medium transfer from PDGF-activated SMCs impaired EC viability and increased the mRNA levels of dysfunctional EC markers, either PERK inhibition or silencing in donor SMCs mitigated these EC changes. Furthermore, CXCL10, a paracrine cytokine detrimental to ECs, was increased by PDGF activation and decreased after PERK inhibition or silencing in SMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Attenuating PERK activity pharmacologically or genetically provides an approach to accelerating post-angioplasty re-endothelialization in rats. The mechanism may involve paracrine factors regulated by PERK in SMCs that impact neighboring ECs. This study rationalizes future development of PERK-targeted endothelium-friendly vascular interventions.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Reepitelização/efeitos dos fármacos , eIF-2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Animais , Artérias Carótidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Comunicação Parácrina/efeitos dos fármacos , Comunicação Parácrina/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Reepitelização/genética , eIF-2 Quinase/genética
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 523, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the clinical benefits of revascularization in patients with different levels of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from the perspective of quantitative flow ratio (QFR). METHODS: Patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and one-year angiographic follow-up were retrospectively screened and computed by QFR analysis. Based on their LVEF, 301 eligible patients were classified into reduced LVEF (≤ 50%, n = 48) and normal LVEF (> 50%, n = 253) groups. Pre-PCI QFR, post-PCI QFR, follow-up QFR, late lumen loss (LLL), LVEF and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) at one year were compared between groups. RESULTS: The reduced LVEF group had a lower mean pre-PCI QFR than the normal LVEF group (0.67 ± 0.16 vs. 0.73 ± 0.15, p = 0.004), but no significant difference was found in the post-PCI or one-year follow-up QFR. No association was found between LVEF and QFR at pre-PCI or follow-up. The reduced LVEF group had greater increases in QFR (0.27 ± 0.18 vs. 0.22 ± 0.15, p = 0.043) and LVEF (6.05 ± 9.45% vs. - 0.37 ± 8.11%, p < 0.001) than the normal LVEF group. The LLL results showed no difference between the two groups, indicating a similar degree of restenosis. The reduced LVEF group had a higher incidence of MACCEs (14.6% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.016), which was mainly due to the higher risk of heart failure (6.3% vs. 0%, p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Compared to the corresponding normal LVEF patients, patients with reduced LVEF who underwent successful PCI were reported to have greater increases in QFR and LVEF, a similar degree of restenosis, and a higher incidence of MACCEs due to a higher risk of heart failure. It seems that patients with reduced LVEF gain more coronary benefits from successful revascularization from the perspective of flow physiology evaluations.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Circulação Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Kardiologiia ; 60(7): 64-71, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155942

RESUMO

Aim      To analyze the relationship between serum concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in dynamics and development of restenosis at 12 months following elective coronary stent placement (CSP).Material and methods  The key role in atherogenesis, neointimal proliferation and restenosis belongs to inflammation. This study included 91 patients (median age, 60 [56; 66] years) with stable exertional angina after an elective CSP using second-generation stents. Follow-up coronarography was performed for 60 patients at 12 months. Concentration of hsCRP was measured immediately prior to CSP and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after CSP. Restenosis of the stented segment (50% or more narrowing of the stented segment or a 5-mm vessel segment proximally or distally adjacent to the stented segment) was observed in 8 patients.Results According to results of the ROC analysis, the increase in hsCRP concentration >0.9 mg/l (>25%) at one month after CSP had the highest predictive significance with respect of restenosis (area under the ROC curve, 0.89 at 95 % confidence interval (CI) from 0.79 to 0.99; sensitivity, 87.5 %; specificity, 82.8 %; р=0.0005), which was superior to the absolute value of hsCRP concentration >3.0 mg/l (area under the ROC curve, 0.82 at 95 % CI from 0.68 to 0.96; р=0.0007).Conclusion      Increased concentration of hsCRP ≥0.9 mg /l (≥25 %) at a month after CSP was associated with restenosis of the coronary artery stented segment.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Reestenose Coronária , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Stents
5.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2020: 2475930, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733170

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical impact of 3 bifurcation angles in left main (LM) bifurcation treated with the 2-stent technique. Background: Data are limited regarding the impact of bifurcation angles after LM percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Using patient-level 4 multicenter registries in Korea, 462 patients undergoing LM bifurcation PCI with the 2-stent technique were identified (181 crush, 167 T-stenting; 63% 1st generation drug-eluting stent (DES), 37% 2nd generation DES). Three bifurcation angles, between the LM and left anterior descending (LAD), the LM and left circumflex (LCX), and the LAD and LCX, were measured. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Results: In patients treated with the crush technique, the best cutoff value (BCV) to predict TLF was 152° of the LM-LAD angle. In the crush group, a significantly higher TLF rate, mostly driven by TLR, was observed in the LM-LAD angle ≥152° group compared with the <152° group (35.7% vs. 14.6%; adjusted hazard ratio 3.476; 95% confidence interval 1.612-7.492). An LM-LAD angle ≥152° was an independent predictor of TLF. In the T-stenting, no bifurcation angle affected the clinical outcomes. Conclusions: In LM bifurcation PCI using the 2-stent technique, wide LM-LAD angle (≥152°) was associated with a greater risk of TLF in the crush, whereas none of the bifurcation angles affected T-stenting outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reestenose Coronária , Vasos Coronários , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
6.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232483, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention represents the most important treatment modality of coronary artery stenosis. In-stent restenosis (ISR) is still a limitation for the long-term outcome despite the introduction of drug eluting stents. It has been shown that adipokines directly influence vessel wall homeostasis by influencing the function of endothelial cells and arterial smooth muscle cells. Visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin vaspin was recently identified as a member of serine protease inhibitor family and serveral studies could demonstrate a relation to metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate a role of vaspin in the development of in-stent restenosis in vivo and on migration of smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells in vitro. METHODS: We studied 85 patients with stable coronary artery disease who underwent elective and successful PCI with implatation of drug eluting stents. Blood samples were taken directly before PCI. Vaspin plasma levels were measured by specific ELISA. ISR was evaluated eight months later by coronary angiography. Human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMC) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) migration was analyzed by an in-vitro migration assay with different concentrations (0.004ng/mL up to 40ng/mL) of vaspin as well as by an scratch assay. For proliferation an impedance measurement with specialiced E-Plates was performed. RESULTS: During the follow up period, 14 patients developed ISR. Patients with ISR had significantly lower vaspin plasma levels compared to patients without ISR (0.213 ng/ml vs 0.382 ng/ml; p = 0.001). In patients with plasma vaspin levels above 1.35 ng/ml we could not observe any restenosis. There was also a significant correlation of plasma vaspin levels and late lumen loss in the stented coronary segments. Further we could demonstrate that vaspin nearly abolishes serum induced migration of HCASMC (100% vs. 9%; p<0.001) in a biphasic manner but not migration of HUVEC. Proliferation of HCASMC and HUVEC was not modulated by vaspin treatment. CONCLUSION: We were able to show that the adipokine vaspin selectively inhibits human coronary SMC migration in vitro and has no effect on HUVEC migration. Vaspin had no effect on proliferation of HUVEC which is an important process of the healing of the stented vessel. In addition, the occurrence of ISR after PCI with implantation of drug eluting stents was significantly associated with low vaspin plasma levels before intervention. Determination of vaspin plasma levels before PCI might be helpful in the identification of patients with high risk for development of ISR after stent implantation. In addition, the selective effects of vaspin on smooth muscle cell migration could potentially be used to reduce ISR without inhibition of re-endothelialization of the stented segment.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/fisiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Serpinas/fisiologia , Adipocinas/sangue , Adipocinas/farmacologia , Idoso , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/patologia , Reestenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Serpinas/sangue , Serpinas/farmacologia
7.
EuroIntervention ; 16(2): e133-e140, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149709

RESUMO

AIMS: The novel sirolimus-eluting ultra-high molecular weight APTITUDE bioreabsorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) displays higher mechanical strength, expansion capabilities and resistance to fracture compared to other BRS technologies. RENASCENT II is a prospective, multicentre first-in-human clinical study evaluating the clinical performance of the APTITUDE BRS in the treatment of single de novo coronary lesions among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: The APTITUDE BRS was tested in a prospective study in two countries (Italy and Colombia). Study objectives were angiographic in-scaffold late lumen loss (IS-LLL) measured by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and target vessel failure (TVF) defined as the composite rate of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) or ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation (TLR) at 9 and 24 months. A total of 60 patients were enrolled. All patients underwent lesion predilatation and 46 patients (76.7%) underwent post-dilatation. Clinical device and procedural success were 98.3% (59/60 patients) and 100%, respectively. Angiographic late lumen loss was 0.19±0.26 mm at 9 months and 0.3±0.41 mm at 24 months. At 9 months, TVF occurred in 2/59 patients (3.4%) due to TV-MI but there was no TLR. No further cases of TVF, MACE or stent thrombosis were reported up to 24-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicentre prospective study, the APTITUDE BRS was shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of single coronary lesions at 24-month clinical follow-up.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/tratamento farmacológico , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Circ J ; 84(5): 733-741, 2020 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) are promising alternatives to metallic drug-eluting stents (DES) in percutaneous coronary interventions. Absorb BVS was comparable to XIENCE (DES) for patient- and device-oriented composite endpoints through 1 year post-procedure. Mid-term results showed increased rates of device-oriented events with Absorb. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of Absorb BVS compared with XIENCE metallic DES when implanted in patients in Japan with de novo coronary artery lesions.Methods and Results:ABSORB Japan randomized 400 patients into either Absorb (n=266) or XIENCE (n=134) treatment arm. Through 5-year follow-up, the composite endpoints of DMR (death, myocardial infarction [MI], and all revascularization), target vessel failure (TVF), major adverse cardiac events (MACE), target lesion failure (TLF), and cardiac death/all MI were evaluated. Individual endpoints included death, MI, coronary revascularization, and scaffold/stent thrombosis. There were no significant differences in the composite or individual endpoint outcomes between the Absorb and XIENCE arms through 5 years or between 3 and 5 years. Numerically lower TVF, MACE, and all MI rates were observed for the Absorb vs. XIENCE arm after 3 years. No scaffold/stent thrombosis was reported beyond 3 years. Post-procedure imaging subgroups showed comparable event rates. CONCLUSIONS: Following resorption of the scaffold, between 3 and 5 years post-procedure, the Absorb BVS performed comparably to XIENCE in all patient- and device-oriented endpoints (ClinicalTrials.gov, #NCT01844284).


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Metais , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(6): 751-761, 2020 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of chimney stenting, a bailout technique to treat coronary artery occlusion (CAO). BACKGROUND: CAO during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a rare but often fatal complication. METHODS: In the international Chimney Registry, patient and procedural characteristics and data on outcomes are retrospectively collected from patients who underwent chimney stenting during TAVR. RESULTS: To date, 16 centers have contributed 60 cases among 12,800 TAVR procedures (0.5%). Chimney stenting was performed for 2 reasons: 1) due to the development of an established CAO (n = 25 [41.6%]); or 2) due to an impending CAO (n = 35 [58.3%]). The majority of cases (92.9%) had 1 or more classical risk factors for CAO. Upfront coronary protection was performed in 44 patients (73.3%). Procedural and in-hospital mortality occurred in 1 and 2 patients, respectively. Myocardial infarction (52.0% vs. 0.0%; p < 0.01), cardiogenic shock (52.0% vs. 2.9%; p < 0.01), and resuscitation (44.0% vs. 2.9%; p < 0.01) all occurred more frequently in patients with established CAO compared with those with impending CAO. The absence of upfront coronary protection was the sole independent risk factor for the combined endpoint of death, cardiogenic shock, or myocardial infarction. During a median follow-up time of 612 days (interquartile range: 405 to 842 days), 2 cases of stent failure were reported (1 in-stent restenosis, 1 possible late stent thrombosis) after 157 and 374 days. CONCLUSIONS: Chimney stenting appears to be an acceptable bailout technique for CAO, with higher event rates among those with established CAO and among those without upfront coronary protection.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Oriente Médio , América do Norte , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(3): 225-231, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195364

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Los resultados de los pacientes con reestenosis de stents farmacoactivos (SFA) son peores que los de pacientes con reestenosis de stents metálicos. No se sabe si está relacionado o no con la presencia de recubrimiento de polímero. Se compararon los resultados tras la intervención sobre la reestenosis del stent (RS) de SFA sin polímero y SFA recubiertos de polímero duradero. MÉTODOS: Se incluyó a los pacientes del estudio aleatorizado ISAR-TEST 5 sometidos a un nuevo intervencionismo percutáneo por RS durante el seguimiento. Se analizaron los resultados angiográficos a los 6 y a los 8 meses y los eventos clínicos a los 2 años, y se compararon los 2 grupos en función del tipo de stent. Las diferencias entre uno y otro grupo se ajustaron mediante análisis multivariable. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 326 pacientes con RS: 220 de SFA sin polímero y 106 de SFA con polímero. Se dispuso de angiografía de control del 83,4% de los pacientes. No se observaron diferencias entre los grupos en cuanto a reestenosis binaria recurrente (el 31,7 y el 27,0%; p = 0,38; pajustada=0,29). A los 2 años, el objetivo compuesto de muerte, infarto de miocardio o nueva revascularización de la lesión diana fue similar en los 2 grupos (el 35,7 frente al 34,0%; HR=1,04; IC95%, 0,70-1,55; p = 0,83; pajustada=0,79). Las tasas de nueva revascularización de la lesión diana de ambos grupos también fueron comparables (el 29,8 y el 31,5%; HR=0,91; IC95%, 0,60-1,39; p = 0,68; pajustada=0,62). CONCLUSIONES: No se encontraron diferencias entre los pacientes sometidos a reintervención por RS de SFA en cuanto a eventos clínicos o angiográficos en función del tipo de stent, con o sin polímero


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous intervention for drug-eluting stent (DES) restenosis are poorer than those in patients with bare-metal stent restenosis. It is unknown if this is related to the presence of polymer coating. We sought to compare outcomes after interventions for in-stent restenosis (ISR) of polymer-free DES vs durable polymer DES. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the ISAR-TEST 5 randomized trial who underwent repeat percutaneous intervention for ISR during follow-up were included. Angiographic outcomes at 6 to 8 months and clinical outcomes at 2 years were analyzed and compared between 2 groups according to whether the restenosed stent was a polymer-free or a durable polymer DES. Multivariate analysis was used to adjust for differences between groups. RESULTS: A total of 326 patients with ISR were included: 220 with ISR in polymer-free DES and 106 with ISR in durable polymer DES. Angiographic follow-up was available for 83.4% of patients. No difference was observed in recurrent binary restenosis between the 2 groups (31.7% vs 27.0%; P=.38; Padjusted=.29). At 2 years, the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat target lesion revascularization were similar between the 2 groups (35.7% vs 34.0%; HR=1.04, 95%CI, 0.70-1.55; P=.83; Padjusted=.79). The rate of repeat target lesion revascularization was also similar in the 2 groups (29.8% vs 31.5%; HR=0.91, 95%CI, 0.60-1.39; P=.68; Padjusted=.62). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing reintervention for DES-ISR, we found no evidence of differences in outcomes according to whether the restenosed stent was a polymer-free or durable polymer DES


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Polímeros , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Causas de Morte , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Polímeros/efeitos adversos , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18915, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000398

RESUMO

To investigate the relationship between life style, medication adherence and the development of in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention.A total of 230 patients with coronary heart disease were recruited and investigated with semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, international physical activity questionnaire, screening tool for psychological and Morisky questionnarie. Logistic regression was used for statistical analysis.Logistic regression analysis revealed that there was positive correlation between Morisky score (OR = 1.503), anger (OR = 1.135) and restenosis; and there was negative correlation between physical activity (OR = 0.346), folate intake (OR = 0.926), Vitamin C ingestion (OR = 0.881) and restenosis.The lifestyle and medication adherence of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention are predictors of restenosis, suggesting that it is necessary to strength intervention program to reduce restenosis.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): e008657, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathomechanisms underlying restenosis of the bioabsorbable sirolimus-eluting metallic scaffold (Magmaris) remain unknown. Using serial optical coherence tomography, we investigated causes of restenosis, including the contribution of late scaffold recoil versus neointimal hyperplasia. METHODS: Patients enrolled in BIOSOLVE-II undergoing serial angiography and optical coherence tomography (post-intervention and follow-up: 6 months and/or 1 year) were analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to angiographic in-scaffold late lumen loss (LLL) <0.5 or ≥0.5 mm. End points were late absolute scaffold recoil and neointimal hyperplasia area as assessed by optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Serial data were available for analysis from 70 patients (LLL <0.5 mm: n=41; LLL ≥0.5 mm: n=29). Patient and lesion characteristics were comparable, and there was no significant difference in mean and minimal scaffold area between groups at post-intervention. Late absolute scaffold recoil was less among patients with LLL <0.5 mm (0.53±0.68 mm2) compared with those with LLL ≥0.5 mm (1.48±1.20 mm2; P<0.001). Neointimal hyperplasia area was smaller among patients with LLL <0.5 mm at follow-up (1.47±0.33 mm2) compared with patients with LLL ≥0.5 mm (1.68±0.34 mm2; P=0.013). In a matched-frame analysis (post-intervention and follow-up), late absolute scaffold recoil varied according to the underlying plaque type (lipid: 0.63±1.23 mm2; calcified: 0.81±1.44 mm2; and fibrous: 1.20±1.52 mm2; P <0.001), while there was no difference with regards to neointimal hyperplasia area (P=0.132). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to neointimal hyperplasia, late scaffold recoil contributed significantly to LLL of sirolimus-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds. The extent of late scaffold recoil was dependent on the underlying plaque morphology and was the highest among fibrotic lesions. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01960504.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Metais/química , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Neointima , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 83, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current guidelines recommend both repeat stenting and drug-coated balloons (DCB) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) lesions, if technically feasible. However, real-world clinical data on the interventional strategies in patients with left main bifurcation (LMB)-ISR have not been elucidated. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with LMB-ISR, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between January 2009 and July 2015, were retrospectively reviewed for the present study (repeat drug eluting stent [DES] implantation [n = 51], DCB angioplasty [n = 24]). RESULTS: Analysis of the baseline characteristics showed that the patients in the DCB group had a lower incidence of non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction/ST segment elevation myocardial infarction at the index PCI (8.3% vs. 25.5%; p = 0.12), higher low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level (92.9 mg/dL vs. 81.7 mg/dL; p = 0.09), and more "stent-in-stent" lesions (25% vs. 7.8%; p = 0.07) than those in the DES group. A smaller post-procedural minimal target lesion lumen diameter was also noted in the DCB group than in the DES group (2.71 mm vs. 2.85 mm; p = 0.03). The cumulative incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were similar between both groups (median follow-up duration, 868 days; MACE rate, 25% in the DCB group vs. 25.5% in the DES group; p = 0.96). The multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that the true bifurcation of ISR was an independent risk predictor of MACEs (hazard ratio, 4.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.572-13.561; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: DES and DCB showed comparable long-term clinical results in patients with LMB-ISR lesions.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): 793-804, 2020 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of patients with de novo lesions in small coronary vessels undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-coated balloons (DCBs) or newer-generation drug-eluting stents (n-DES). BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding the available evidence from a few randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses, the best device for PCI in patients with small-vessel coronary artery disease is not yet established. METHODS: The study included all consecutive patients with de novo lesions in small coronary vessels undergoing PCI in Sweden from April 2009 to July 2017. A small coronary vessel was defined by a device diameter ≤2.5 mm. The primary outcomes were restenosis and definite target lesion thrombosis at 3-year follow-up. The secondary outcomes were the occurrence of all-cause death and myocardial infarction. RESULTS: The study population included 14,788 patients: 1,154 treated with DCBs and 13,634 with n-DES. Overall, 35,541 PCIs were performed using 2,503 DCBs and 33,038 n-DES. The propensity score-adjusted regression analysis showed a significantly higher risk for restenosis in the DCB group compared with the n-DES group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.027; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.537 to 2.674). Conversely, no difference in the risk for target lesion thrombosis (adjusted HR: 0.741; 95% CI: 0.412 to 1.331) was detected. The risk for all-cause death (adjusted HR: 1.178; 95% CI: 0.992 to 1.399) and myocardial infarction (adjusted HR: 1.251; 95% CI: 0.960 to 1.629) was comparable between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the significantly higher risk for restenosis up to 3 years, this research suggests that DCBs are not an equally effective alternative to n-DES for percutaneous treatment of small coronary vessels.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Suécia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 63(3): 233-242, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061633

RESUMO

Endothelial dysfunction (EnD) is a hallmark feature of coronary artery disease (CAD), representing the key early step of atherosclerotic plaque development and progression. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is performed daily worldwide to treat symptomatic CAD, however a consistent proportion of patients remain symptomatic for angina despite otherwise successful revascularization. EnD plays a central role in the mechanisms of post-PCI angina, as it is strictly associated with both structural and functional abnormalities in the coronary arteries that may persist, or even accentuate, following PCI. The assessment of endothelial function in patients undergoing PCI might help to identify those patients at higher risk of future cardiovascular events and recurrent/persistent angina who might therefore benefit more from an intensive treatment. In this review, we address the role of EnD in determining angina after PCI, discussing its pathophysiological mechanisms, diagnostic approaches and therapeutic perspectives.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Circulação Coronária , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico , Angina Pectoris/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasoespasmo Coronário/etiologia , Vasoespasmo Coronário/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Microcirculação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): e008325, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the impact of final kissing balloon (FKI) in patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention using ultrathin stents in left main or bifurcations. METHODS: All patients undergoing left main or bifurcations percutaneous coronary intervention enrolled in the RAIN registry (Very Thin Stents for Patients With MAIN or BiF in Real Life: The RAIN, a Multicenter Study) evaluating ultrathin stents were included. Major adverse cardiac event (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and stent thrombosis) was the primary end point, while its components, along with target vessel revascularization, were the secondary end points. The main analysis was performed comparing patients with and without FKI after adjustment with inverse probability of treatment weighting. Subgroup analyses were performed according to FKI (short [<3 mm] versus long overlap), strategy (provisional versus 2-stent), routine versus bail-out FKI, and the use of imaging and proximal optimization technique. RESULTS: Two thousand seven hundred forty-two patients were included. At 16 months (8-20) follow-up, inverse probability of treatment weighting adjusted rates of major adverse cardiac event were similar between FKI and no-FKI group (15.1% versus 15.5%; P=0.967), this result did not change with use of imaging, proximal optimization technique, or routine versus bail-out FKI. In the 2-stent subgroup, FKI was associated with lower rates of target vessel revascularization (7.8% versus 15.9%; P=0.030) and target lesion revascularization (7.3% versus 15.2%; P=0.032). Short overlap FKI was associated with a lower rate of target lesion revascularization compared with no FKI (2.6% versus 5.4%; P=0.034), while long overlap was not (6.8% versus 5.4%; P=0.567). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with bifurcations or unprotected left main treated with ultrathin stents, short overlap FKI is associated with less restenosis. In a 2-stent strategy, FKI was associated with less target vessel revascularization and restenosis. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03544294.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(2): 171-178, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919705

RESUMO

Although drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty is an effective therapy for drug-eluting stent- in stent restenosis (DES-ISR) after coronary stenting, recurrent ISR after DCB angioplasty still occurs. Different patterns of DES-ISR responding to DCB are largely unknown. This study sought to assess outcomes of different patterns of DES-ISR treated with DCB. From December 2014 to December 2016, a total of 160 DES-ISR lesions treated with DCB were retrospectively evaluated. Restenosis patterns were classified into two groups according to Mehran classification: focal, defined as < 10 mm, 58 lesions (36.3%); non-focal, which were diffuse, proliferative, or obstructive, 102 lesions (63.7%). The primary endpoint was binary restenosis rate at 9-month angiographic follow-up. Secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 24-month follow-up. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. Angiographic follow-up rate was 93.7% (93.1% in the focal group and 94.1% in the non-focal group). The focal group had a lower recurrent restenosis rate compared to the non-focal group (3.7% vs. 33.3%, respectively; P = 0.003) at an average angiographic follow-up of 10 (10.4 ± 6.2) months. There was no difference in MACE between the two groups (6.9% vs. 11.8%, respectively; P = 0.70) at (22.7 ± 9.1) months clinical follow-up. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, focal pattern (OR 13.033; 95% CI 2.441-69.573, P = 0.003) and post-procedure DS% (OR 1.142; 95% CI 1.070-1.218, P = 0.000) were predictive factors of binary restenosis after DCB angioplasty. On multivariate analysis, focal pattern of ISR was a predictive factor of MACE (OR 0.260; 95% CI 0.071-0.959, P = 0.043), and diabetes mellitus (DM) was an independent predictor of MACE after DCB angioplasty (OR 5.045; 95% CI 1.179-21.590, P = 0.029). The present study suggests that DCB provides much better clinical, angiographic outcomes in patients with focal DES-ISR than non-focal DES-ISR.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Desenho de Prótese , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Ir J Med Sci ; 189(3): 907-915, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the occurrence and predictive factors of restenosis in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). METHODS: Demographic data, clinical features, and laboratory tests of 398 CHD patients underwent PCI with SES were retrospectively reviewed. Coronary angiography was performed to evaluate coronary stenosis before PCI and in-stent restenosis at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: There were 37 (9.3%) patients suffered restenosis, but 361 (90.7%) patients did not develop restenosis at 1-year follow-up. Demographic characteristic (age), cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension and hyperuricemia), biochemical indexes (fasting blood-glucose, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP)), cardiac function index (cardiac troponin I), lesion features (multivessel artery lesions, target lesion at left circumflex artery (LCX), two target lesions and length of target lesion), and operation procedure (length of stent) were correlated with higher restenosis risk. Moreover, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, LDL-C, HsCRP, and target lesion at LCX were independent predictive factors for raised restenosis risk. Based on these independent predictive factors, we established a restenosis risk prediction model, and receiver-operating characteristic curves displayed that this model exhibited an excellent predictive value for higher restenosis risk (areas under the curve 0.953 (95% CI 0.926-0.981)). CONCLUSION: Our findings provide a new insight into the prediction for restenosis in CHD patients underwent PCI with SES.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Circulation ; 141(11): 891-901, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes in patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with a drug-eluting stent are unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate long-term adverse events in HBR patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent implantation. METHODS: We analyzed stratified data from 4 all-comers postapproval registries. Patients with at least 1 of the following criteria were categorized as HBR: age ≥75 years, history of major bleeding (MB), history of stroke, chronic oral anticoagulant use, chronic kidney disease, anemia, or thrombocytopenia. Additionally, in a separate analysis, patients were categorized according to the recently published Academic Research Consortium HBR criteria. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for time-to-event analyses. Coronary thrombotic events (CTE) included myocardial infarction or definite/probable stent thrombosis. MB was defined according to the TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) or GUSTO (Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries) scales. Impact of CTE and MB on subsequent risk of mortality was assessed using multivariable Cox regression with MB and CTE included as time-updated covariates. RESULTS: Of the total 10 502 patients included, 3507 (33%) were identified as HBR. Compared with non-HBR patients, those at HBR had more comorbidities, higher lesion complexity, and a higher risk of 4-year mortality (Hazard Ratio [HR] 4.38 [95% CI, 3.76-5.11]). Results were qualitatively similar when using Academic Research Consortium criteria to define HBR. Risk of mortality was increased after CTE (HR 5.02 [95% CI, 3.93-6.41]), as well as after MB (HR 4.92 [95% CI, 3.82-6.35]). Of note, this effect was consistent across the spectrum of bleeding risk (P-interaction test 0.97 and 0.06, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the non-HBR population, HBR patients experienced worse 4-year outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention with cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent. Both CTE and MB had a significant impact on subsequent risk of mortality irrespective of bleeding risk.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/terapia , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Cromo , Cobalto , Comorbidade , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Trombose Coronária/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Transtornos Hemorrágicos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Polímeros , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fumar/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 24, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal stent deformation (LSD) is an infrequent complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and it may lead to catastrophic clinical outcomes. However, reports of cardiac adverse events associated with LSD are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old man with chest pain was treated for a severe left anterior descending branch (LAD)-diagonal 1 (D1) bifurcation lesion by PCI with two stents in the proximal LAD. LSD occurred during the withdrawal of the trapped D1 wire. High-pressure balloon dilatation was performed in the deformed stent, and the end-angiographic appearance was acceptable, but no additional corrective measures were implemented. Ten months later, the patient represented with acute coronary syndrome. Severe in-stent restenosis (ISR) had suboccluded the proximal LAD, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) visualized multilayered stent struts protruding into the lumen at the compressed segment of the stent. Following complete apposition with balloon dilation, a drug-coated balloon (DCB) was used to avoid an additional permanent metallic layer. He remained angina free, and the angiographic result demonstrated no residual stenosis at the six-month follow-up. To our knowledge, this case demonstrates the first report of ISR triggered by LSD in patients treated with DCBs under the guidance of OCT. CONCLUSIONS: The current report underscores the importance of awareness of LSD, and OCT seems to be the preferred modality to confirm complete apposition. If left without performing additional corrective measures, LSD may be associated with a risk of ISR. Complete apposition with balloon dilation followed by a DCB is a feasible treatment option.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Falha de Prótese , Stents , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Mecânico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
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