Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38.416
Filtrar
1.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 517-523, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047918

RESUMO

A atenção e zelo do médico no período pré e pós-operatório é de extrema importância para a manutenção da boa relação médico/paciente. A organização e o adequado registro documental, contribui para a obtenção de um bom vínculo e assegura importante ferramenta jurídica ao médico. Hoje, com os avanços tecnológicos, o prontuário eletrônico é uma forma segura e democrática de lidar com estas informações. Nas instituições públicas o governo tem buscado implementar este sistema, mas os resultados são ainda discretos, talvez pela falta principalmente de recursos para investimento nesta área. Diante deste cenário e da grande relevância de um prontuário médico prático, informativo e dinâmico, objetivamos apresentar a nossa experiência com o uso complementar de um recurso digital sem custos. Associado ao prontuário médico de uso habitual dos serviços, descreve-se um sistema complementar, utilizando-se uma plataforma digital de armazenamento de dados na "nuvem". Por meio desse sistema é possível fornecer informações adicionais sobre cada paciente, incluindo o seguimento ambulatorial, assim como o registro fotográfico do pré, intra e pós-operatório, além de viabilizar um acesso rápido, sincronizado e remoto por meio da internet. O sistema gera economia de recursos, planejamento cirúrgico e melhora na relação médico/paciente. Favorece maior integração da equipe médica, discussão dos casos e distribuição das cirurgias por preceptor e residente. Assim, é um recurso alternativo para incrementar os prontuários médicos com dados importantes para a atuação das equipes médicas, com especial atenção às peculiaridades da cirurgia plástica.


The attention and enthusiasm of doctors in the pre- and postoperative period is of extreme importance in maintaining good doctor/patient relationships. An adequate organization and documentary record contributes to achieving a good relationship and ensures an important legal tool for physicians. With current technological advances, the electronic medical record is a secure and democratic way to deal with this information. The government has sought to implement this system in public institutions; however, results are still modest, perhaps mainly due to the lack of resources for investment in this area. In light of this, and given the relevance of practical, informative, and dynamic medical records, we aim to present our experience with the use of a complementary digital resource that is commonly associated with medical records and uses a free of cost digital platform for storing data in the "cloud". This system can provide additional information about each patient, including outpatient follow-up, as well as photographic records of the pre-, intra-, and post-operative periods, and also facilitates quick, synchronized, and remote access through the internet. The system generates optimization of resources, surgical planning, and improvement in patient/ doctor relationships. It also leads to greater integration of the medical team, particularly in the discussion of cases and distribution of surgeries by preceptors and residents. Thus, it is an alternative resource to improve medical charts with important data regarding the performance of medical teams, paying special attention to the peculiarities of plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Cirurgia Plástica , Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Registros Médicos , Inovação , Assistência ao Paciente , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Administração de Serviços de Saúde/normas , Registros Médicos/normas , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas
2.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 831-842, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047577

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare intra-domiciliary contacts (IDCs) in the Health Information System (SIS) with records of people diagnosed with leprosy. This was a cross-sectional, retrospective, and quantitative study based on the physical information collected in medical records and the SIS records in 2015 and 2016, in a municipality in the countryside of the State of São Paulo. We used an instrument with variables related to IDCs such as gender, age, relationship, disease, BCG-ID vaccine, SIS records, and descriptive analysis. Out of the 81 IDCs from 40 diagnosed patients, 72 were evaluated, and 71 were included in the SIS. One IDC became ill after the end of treatment of the index case. The prevalent gender among IDCs was female, young adults, and children. A difference of 12.4% as observed between the physical and SIS records; a difference of 11.1% was observed when correlating 81 records with the frequency of the 72 evaluated IDCs. It is concluded that the IDC and SIS records are in disagreement.


O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os contatos intradomiciliares (CIs) do Sistema de Informação em Saúde (SIS) com os registros de pessoas diagnosticadas com hanseníase. Estudo transversal, retrospectivo e quantitativo, baseado nas informações coletadas em registros físicos e do SIS em 2015 e 2016, em um município do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Foi utilizado um instrumento com variáveis relacionadas aos CIs: sexo, idade, relacionamento, doença, vacina BCG-ID, registros SIS e análise descritiva. Dos 81 CIs de 40 pacientes diagnosticados, 72 foram avaliados e 71 foram incluídos no SIS. 01 CIs adoeceu após o término do tratamento do caso índice. O sexo prevalente dos CIs é feminino, adulto jovem e filho. Entre os registros físicos e do SIS, houve uma diferença de 12,4%; e correlacionando os mesmos registros (81) com a frequência dos CIs avaliados (72), há uma diferença de 11,1%. Conclui-se que existe discordância entre os registos de CIs nos registos com o SIS.


El estudio tiene el objetivo de comparar las anotaciones de comunicantes intradomiciliares (CI) del Sistema de Información en Salud (SIS), con las de los prontuarios de las personas diagnosticadas con leprae. En el presente trabajo se analizaron los resultados obtenidos en el análisis de los resultados obtenidos en el análisis de los resultados obtenidos, evaluados en los registros del SIS. De los 81 CI de 40 pacientes diagnosticados, 72 fueron evaluados y 71 fueron incluidos en el SIS. Y en el caso de las mujeres, El grado de parentesco frecuente fue infantil, mujeres y adultos jóvenes. Entre las anotaciones del SIS y los prontuarios, hay diferencia del 12,4%; y correlacionando los mismos registros (81) con la frecuencia de los CI evaluados (72), hay una diferencia del 11,1%. Se concluye que hay discordancia entre los registros de CI en los prontuarios con el SIS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Epidemiologia , Comunicação em Saúde , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Hanseníase , Sistema Único de Saúde , Registros Médicos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Hanseníase/diagnóstico
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1168-1173, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Treatment limitation, as well as do-not-resuscitate (DNR) directives, are difficult but important to improve patients' quality of life and minimize dysthanasia. We aimed to study the approach to withholding, withdrawal, and DNR decisions, patients' characteristics, and process documentation in a general Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Portugal. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data regarding the limitation of treatment decisions collected from previously-designed forms and complemented by medical record consultation. RESULTS: A total of 1602 patients were admitted to the ICU between 2011 and 2016. DNR decisions were documented in 127 cases (7.9%). Patients with treatment limitations were older and had higher Simplified Acute Physiology Score II. The most frequent diagnosis preceding these decisions was sepsis (52.0%, n = 66); the most common main reason for limiting treatment was a poor prognosis of acute illness. Of the patients to whom a DNR was implemented, 117 (92.1%) died in the ICU (40.1% of the total number of ICU deaths), and hospital mortality was 100%. Participants in these decisions, as well as types of treatment withdrawn and their respective timings, were not registered in medical records. CONCLUSION: Treatment limitation and DNR decisions were relatively common, in line with other Southern European studies, but behind Northern European and North American centers. Patients with these limitations were older and more severely ill than patients without such decisions. Documentation of these processes should be clear and detailed, either in specific forms or computerized clinical records; there is room for improvement in this area.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Registros Médicos , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Suspensão de Tratamento/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Portugal , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/mortalidade
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3135-3142, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602864

RESUMO

This research is launched to look for the medication rules and characteristics of Tibetan medicine in the treatment of gZav-Grib( apoplexy sequelae). HIS records of gZav-Grib patients were selected from the Tibetan Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region and Tibetan Hospital of the city of Naqu. SPSS Modeler,Gephi and other data mining and visualization software were used to study the actual law of drug use in the treatment of gZav-Grib in Tibetan medicine. Finally,479 cases of gZav-Grib patients in Tibetan medicine were included. Their average age is 63 and average hospital stay was 32 days. In total,82 Tibetan medicine prescriptions were used for treating gZav-Grib. The frequency in the front is Twenty-flavor Chenxiang Pills( 338 times),Ruyi Zhenbao Pills( 322 times),and Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills( 315 times). According to the regularity of Tebitan medicine,they were applied in different time periods including the early morning,morning,noon,and evening,for example,in the early morning: Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills,morning: Ruyi Zhenbao Pills,noon: Eighteen-flavor Dujuan Pills,evening: Twenty-flavor Chenxiang Pills. In the clinical joint,18 groups were found in the 10% support and 70% confidence. There are two prescriptions confidence more than 80% which nature focus on Gan,Ruan,Xi,Liang,Dun,Han,Wen. gZav-Grib of Tibetan medicine can be divided into two types: r Lung-Grib type and k Hrag-Grib type,in which the medicine of r Lung-Grib type takes Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills as the core prescription,while the medicine of k Hrag-Grib type takes Ruyi Zhenbao Pills as the core prescription. It is found that the treatment of gZav-Grib by Tibetan medicine is mainly dominated by the treatment idea about " Therapeutic r Lung and blood,Consideration of venous diseases". Treatment functions is promoting the circulation of Qi,clearing blood heat and getting rid of bad blood,achieving the purpose of treating both principal secondary aspect of gZav-Grib. The research methods based on the HIS can't only optimize the Tibetan treating gZav-Grib sequela treatment plan and rule of medication,but also provide the scientific basis for Tibetan medicine treat gZav-Grib.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Software , Tibet
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3143-3150, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602865

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the rule of Tibetan medicine in clinical treatment of hypertension( k Hrag-rLung-stod-vtshangs) and analyze the characteristics of its prescriptions. One hundred and thirty-seven cases of hypertension treated Tibetan medicine were collected. Data mining,Gephi,Cytoscape and other methods and software were used to analyze the characteristics of Tibetan medicine. The results showed that there were 44 cases of r Lung-type hypertension in clinical medical records,while 57 cases of k Hrag-type hypertension. There were 103 treatment prescriptions. The frequency of these prescriptions covered Twenty-five Yuganzi Pills( 96 times),Seventy Pearl Pills( 80 times),Eight Chenxiang Pills( 75 times),and Sanwei Ganlu Powder( 62 times),and they were highly correlated,with confidence greater than 95%. There were 332 prescriptions involved in the prescriptions which is core prescription medicines. This study first proposed the dosage analysis method of Tibetan medicine prescription medicines,and obtained the more dosage of Chebulae Fructus,Phyllanthi Fructus,Aucklandiae Radix,Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum and so on. The correlation analysis of the prescription medicines found that Carthami Flos,Myristicae Semen,Bambusae Concretio Silicea,Caryophylli Flos,Amomi Fructus Rotundus led by Tsaoko Fructus had a high correlation and a confidence greater than 75%. These herbs were guaranteed when Tibetan medicine was used in combination. The key drugs for protecting viscera and regulating the three gastric fires. The prescription is mainly cold,blunt,sparse and rough. Its efficacy focuses on the pathogenesis of blood fever,blood stickiness and venous blockage caused by heat,sharpness,odor and stickiness. It mainly treats Tibetan medicine diseases such as k Hrag-r Lung-stod-vtshangs and k Hrag-vpel( polyemia). It is suggested that Tibetan medicine has a three-in-one invisible treatment principle of " clearing blood-heat,opening vessel and regulating stomach-fire" in the treatment of hypertension,which attributed to both cardiovascular function and gastrointestinal metabolic function. This may be a significant and invisible knowledge of Tibetan medicine in the treatment of hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Software
6.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4752, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients seen at a dementia outpatient clinic. METHODS: A retrospective study conducted by medical record review searching data on sex, race, age, schooling level, and diagnosis of patients seen from 2008 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 760 patients were studied, with a predominance of female (61.3%; p<0.0001). The mean age was 71.2±14.43 years for women and 66.1±16.61 years for men. The most affected age group was 71 to 80 years, accounting for 29.4% of cases. In relation to race, 96.3% of patients were white. Dementia was diagnosed in 68.8% of patients, and Alzheimer's disease confirmed in 48.9%, vascular dementia in 11.3%, and mixed dementia in 7.8% of cases. The prevalence of dementia was 3% at 70 years and 25% at 85 years. Dementia appeared significantly earlier in males (mean age 68.5±15.63 years). As to sex distribution, it was more frequent in women (59.6%) than in men (40.4%; p<0.0001; OR=2.15). People with higher schooling level (more than 9 years) had a significantly younger age at onset of dementia as compared to those with lower schooling level (1 to 4 years; p=0.0007). CONCLUSION: Most patients seen in the period presented dementia, and Alzheimer was the most prevalent disease. Women were more affected, and men presented young onset of the disease. Individuals with higher schooling level were diagnosed earlier than those with lower level.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Demência/diagnóstico , Escolaridade , Feminino , Hospitais Privados/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Frailty Aging ; 8(4): 222-223, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637410

RESUMO

Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder. It may have serious consequences in asyntomatic patients with a mild disease. Therefore, an evaluation of unsual causes is of paramount importance. Polypharmacy is highly prevalent in older people and many drugs can cause hyponatremia as a collateral effect. In our retrospective analysis of geriatric medical records dated 2015 we found that 39 out of the 273 hospitalized patients had hyponatremia. Polipharmacy was highly prevalent, especially in hyponatremic patients. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are seldom considered as a cause of hyponatremia were instead found to be associated to an increased risk of the disorder (adjustedOR 3.61, 95% CI 1 - 12.99, p = 0.05). In-hospital mortality was higher in patients with moderate or severe hyponatremia at hospital admission. Our study underlines the importance of considering rare but potentially reversible causes of hyponatremia, which can lead to serious consequences.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Hiponatremia/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitalização , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 302-307, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184155

RESUMO

Introducción: Los informes de alta de hospitalización presentan gran cantidad de abreviaturas y su significado puede ser desconocido por médicos y enfermeras, pudiendo comprometer la seguridad del paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de médicos y enfermeras de las abreviaturas clínicas presentes en el informe de alta. Métodos: Estudio observacional-transversal mediante un cuestionario elaborado ad hoc dirigido a médicos y enfermeras del Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada. Para la validación del cuestionario se realizó la evaluación del contenido y de la validez lógica. La cumplimentación fue anónima y voluntaria y se difundió online a través de los correos corporativos de los profesionales. El cuestionario incluía variables sociodemográficas y 14 abreviaturas presentes en los informes de alta. Los datos se obtuvieron de la historia clínica electrónica. Resultados: De 756 profesionales, el cuestionario fue respondido por 68 médicos y 86 enfermeras (n = 154). La edad media de los profesionales fue de 40,58 años (DE ±7,54), y la media de años de experiencia profesional fue de 17,10 años (DE ±7,37). Los profesionales presentan un porcentaje medio de aciertos del 35,84% de todas las abreviaturas evaluadas. El personal médico presentó un 55,94% de contestaciones correctas, y el personal de enfermería un 23,17%. Las abreviaturas en las que se produjeron más errores fueron: SNG, NPIM, EEA y RCP, con un porcentaje de aciertos del 5,19, 6,49, 6,49 y 7,79%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La identificación de las abreviaturas en los informes de alta por parte de los médicos es superior a la del personal de enfermería. A nivel global, el conocimiento de las abreviaturas en ambos profesionales es bajo


Introduction: Medical Records have a large number of abbreviations and doctors and nurses may not be aware of their meaning, which could compromise patient safety. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of doctors and nurses of the clinical abbreviations in medical discharge reports. Methods: Observational-cross sectional study through a questionnaire developed ad hoc for doctors and nurses from Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada. The content and logical validity of the questionnaire was assessed. The questionnaire was completed anonymously and voluntarily. The questionnaire was also distributed online to the professionals' corporate emails. The questionnaire included sociodemographic variables and 14 abbreviations present in medical discharge reports. The data were obtained from the Electronic Clinical Record. Results: Out of a total of 756 professionals, the questionnaire was answered by 68 doctors and 86 nurses (n = 154).The mean age of the professionals was 40.58 years (SD ±7.54), and the mean number of years of professional experience was 17.10s (SD ±7.37). The professionals gave an average percentage of correct answers of 35.84%. Doctors gave 55.94% of the correct answers, and nurses 23.17%. The abbreviations for which the most errors occurred were SNG, NPIM, EEA, RCP, with a success rate of 5.19%, 6.49%, 6.49% and 7.79%, respectively. Conclusions: The identification of the abbreviations in medical discharge reports by doctors is superior to that of nursing staff. Overall the knowledge of abbreviations in both professionals is low


Assuntos
Humanos , Conhecimento , Competência Clínica , Abreviaturas como Assunto , Sumários de Alta do Paciente Hospitalar , Registros Médicos/normas , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Alta do Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(10): 680-685, oct 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025960

RESUMO

SWOT matrix is a strategic planning technique used to help to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats related to project planning. SWOT matrx has been described as the tried-and-true tool for strategic analysis. Application of the SWOT matrix to the clinic history for its medico-legal evaluation, is referred


Assuntos
Humanos , Registros Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Responsabilidade Legal , Documentos , Medicina Legal/legislação & jurisprudência , Jurisprudência
11.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(12)2019 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is a policy objective to increase the percentage of journeys made by bicycle in Norway from the current 5 % to 10 %. Kristiansand is one of the most active cities in Norway in terms of cycling. We wished to identify the extent of injuries among cyclists admitted to the hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of patients with cycling-related injuries who were admitted to Sørlandet Hospital, Kristiansand in the period 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2015. Patient, accident, injury and treatment characteristics were recorded, as well as any sequelae after 12 months. RESULTS: Altogether 224 adults and 53 children (<16 years) were registered with cycling-related injuries, most of which (n=192, 69 %) were mild/moderate. Very severe and critical injuries were recorded in 6 (11 %) children and 22 (10 %) adults. Fractures (n=179, 65 %) and minor head injuries (n= 78, 28 %) dominated the injury panorama. Surgical treatment was undertaken in 107 (48 %) adults and 19 (36 %) children. A total of 12 (4 %) patients were transferred to the trauma centre at Oslo University Hospital Ullevål. Four adults had significant sequelae after 12 months, all related to severe head/neck injury. INTERPRETATION: A considerable proportion of serious and complex injuries require that the national guidelines for use of a trauma team be followed. Systematic and ongoing registration of cyclists' injuries in the form of a national registry could help increase our insight into the circumstances surrounding accidents and the extent of injuries related to these.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciclismo/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Transporte de Pacientes , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma
12.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503322

RESUMO

According to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, about 3200 people a year die due to accidents. Around 900 of these are classified as "Accidental exposure to other and unspecified factors". A more precise classification with the board has not been recorded in these cases due to incomplete death certificates. This study examined the death certificates for this group in 2016 and compared it to patient records. This study showed that most cases of incomplete classification are in instances of elderly persons who sustained a fall and subsequently died due to complications of the resulting injury. The doctor has in most cases not perceived the death as accidental.This study showed that there is a lack of knowledge among doctors in how to accurately complete a death certificate.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Coleta de Dados/normas , Atestado de Óbito , Documentação/normas , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Competência Clínica/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos/normas , Distribuição por Sexo , Suécia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Soins ; 64(838): 53-55, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542124

RESUMO

The rapid deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) and automation in healthcare is highlighting the importance of health data-driven management as a geostrategic lever. From this point of view, the progress made by the United States and China requires a strong European response to develop a responsible vision which adopts an approach aiming at the positive regulation of AI in healthcare.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/legislação & jurisprudência , Registros Médicos , China , Europa (Continente) , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Estados Unidos
14.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(13)2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combination of drugs is the main cause of fatal overdose, and polydrug use is associated with greater treatment needs. This study investigates the prevalence and registration of multiple substance dependence. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Substance dependence diagnoses for 147 inpatients at the Department of Addiction Treatment, Oslo University Hospital were registered and reassessed with a focus on the ICD-10 diagnosis F19 (chaotic intake of multiple substances). The resulting diagnoses were also assessed according to ICD-11. RESULTS: Altogether 116 (79 %) out of 147 patients were addicted to two or more drugs. Only 22 (15 %) out of 147 were diagnosed with F19, but this figure increased to 52 (35 %) after reassessment. Using ICD-11 we found a prevalence of the diagnosis 6C4F (multiple substance dependence) of 79 %. INTERPRETATION: We found an underreporting of the ICD-10 diagnosis F19. It is important to use the F19 diagnosis, because polydrug use is underreported, even though it predicts overdose, prognosis and treatment needs.


Assuntos
Documentação/normas , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Registros Médicos , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prevalência
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 322-324, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040027

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Laryngeal granulomas are benign, recurrent lesions of many causes (reflux, voice abuse, intubation, and idiopathic), which renders its treatment difficult. Objective To describe our experience in the treatment of laryngeal granulomas. Methods From 16 medical records of the patients with laryngeal granulomas seen between 2010 and 2017 in a university hospital, the following data were analyzed: age, gender, vocal and gastroesophageal symptoms, vocal overuse, intubation, treatments, videolaryngoscopy before and after the treatment. Results Gender: female, 10; male, 6. Age: between 20 and 60 years old (11%). Etiology of the granulomas: intubation (9), reflux (4), idiopathic (3). The initial treatments adopted in all cases were: inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate 100 μg 12/12 hours (1month), proton pump inhibitor, omeprazole 40 mg/day (2months), and dietary and voice education. After this period, 10 patients (7 postintubation, 3 idiopathic) were submitted to surgery, since no improvements in the symptoms or in the lesions were seen. Of these, two recurred, requiring a second surgery, one of which recurred six times and received botulinum toxin A. Only one patient with granulomas due to laryngopharyngeal reflux presented no improvement in the symptoms nor in the lesion after the pharmacological treatment and had been submitted to microsurgery. All of the other patients with reflux granulomas were successfully treated with the drug treatment, and the longest treatment time for complete remission of the symptoms and of the lesions was 9 months. Conclusions In laryngeal granulomas caused by reflux, treatment with inhaled steroids and proton pump inhibitors proved to be effective, although prolonged. In postintubation and idiopathic granulomas, surgery was the best treatment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Granuloma Laríngeo/terapia , Granuloma Laríngeo/cirurgia , Granuloma Laríngeo/complicações , Granuloma Laríngeo/etiologia , Granuloma Laríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Registros Médicos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/complicações , Intubação/efeitos adversos , Microcirurgia
16.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 266: 136-141, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397314

RESUMO

Clinical terminologies play an essential role in enabling semantic interoperability between medical records. However, existing terminologies have several issues that impact data quality, such as content gaps and slow updates. In this study we explore the suitability of existing, community-driven resources, specifically Wikipedia, as a potential source to bootstrap an open clinical terminology, in terms of content coverage. In order to establish the extent of the coverage, a team of expert clinical terminologists manually mapped a clinically-relevant subset of SNOMED CT to Wikipedia articles. The results show that approximately 80% of the concepts are covered by Wikipedia. Most concepts that do not have a direct match in Wikipedia are composable from multiple articles. These findings are encouraging and suggest that it should be possible to bootstrap an open clinical terminology from Wikipedia.


Assuntos
Registros Médicos , Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine
17.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1070, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A prospective study was conducted to investigate the effects of helmet nonuse and seating position on patterns and severity of motorcycle injuries among child passengers in Taiwan. METHODS: In total, 305 child passengers aged ≤14 years who visited the emergency departments of three teaching hospitals following a motorcycle crash were recruited. Children's injury data were collected from medical records, and their riding behaviors along with operators' demographics were sourced from telephone interviews. Parental responses over the telephone about children's riding behaviors were checked by roadside observations. RESULTS: Results of the multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that compared to child passengers aged ≥7 years, those aged ≤3 (odds ratio (OR), 2.88; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.37~6.06) and 4~6 years (OR, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.50~5.70) were significantly more likely to have sustained a head/face injury, while those aged 4~6 years (OR, 2.76; 95% CI, 1.01~7.55) were significantly more likely to have sustained a severe injury. Compared to child passengers who were wearing a full-coverage helmet, those who were not wearing a helmet were significantly more likely to have sustained a head/face injury (OR, 3.12; 95% CI, 1.02~9.52) and a severe injury (OR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.19~7.62). Children seated in front of the operator were significantly more likely to have experienced a head/face injury (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.25~3.94) than those seated behind the operator. For each increment in the riding speed of 1 km/h, the odds of a severe injury to child passengers increased by 5% (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01~1.09). CONCLUSIONS: For the safety of child motorcycle passengers, laws on a minimum age restriction, helmet use, an adequate seating position, and riding speed need to be enacted and comprehensively enforced.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas , Postura Sentada , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1040, 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Cameroon, since the first epidemiological week held in 2015, snakebites have been registered among Potential Epidemic Diseases (PED). In the Centre Region, the most densely populated of the country, weekly reports of snakebites are generated at health districts level for monthly data updates. METHODS: To contribute to the better management of snakebite cases, an observational study was conducted to assess the snakebite reporting rate in the Centre Region of Cameroon. The results of this retro-prospective survey were confronted to those of the weekly epidemiological surveillance system, recorded in the PED regional data base. RESULTS: The incidence of bites was relatively high (36.6 bites per 100,000 inhabitants), as well as the general attack rate (about 49 envenomations per 100 victims). The lethality recorded was 2.5% and the mortality was about 1 death per 100,000 inhabitants a year. The sex ratio was largely female biased (61.6%). The bites occurred mostly during the rainy season (73.0%). Bitten victims were mainly farmers (47.4%), and agriculture was the main risk factor. The comparative analysis of the data suggested a high non-reporting rate of snakebite cases (67.8%). CONCLUSION: Snakebite is an endemic condition in the Centre Region of Cameroon. Because of the high rate of non-reporting of cases, the collection of information from the registers of the health facilities only appears not enough to assess the real importance of envenomation in this Region.


Assuntos
Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mordeduras de Serpentes/epidemiologia , Adulto , Camarões/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(3): 030703, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379461

RESUMO

Introduction: Communication of laboratory critical risk results is essential for patient safety, as it allows early decision making. Our aims were: 1) to retrospectively evaluate the current protocol for telephone notification of critical risk results in terms of rates, efficiency and recipient satisfaction, 2) to assess their use in clinical decision making and 3) to suggest alternative tools for a better assessment of notification protocols. Materials and methods: The biochemical critical risk result notifications reported during 12 months by routine and STAT laboratories in a tertiary care hospital were reviewed. Total number of reports, time for the notification and main magnitudes with critical risk results were calculated. The use of notifications in clinical decision making was assessed by reviewing medical records. Satisfaction with the notification protocol was assessed through an online questionnaire to requesting physicians and nurses. Results: Critical result was yielded by 0.1% of total laboratory tests. Median time for notification was 3.2 min (STAT) and 16.9 min (routine). The magnitudes with a greater number of critical results were glucose and potassium for routine analyses, and troponin, sodium for STAT. Most notifications were not reflected in the medical records. Overall mean satisfaction with the protocol was 4.2/5. Conclusion: The results obtained indicate that the current protocol is appropriate. Nevertheless, there are some limitations that hamper the evaluation of the impact on clinical decision making. Alternatives were proposed for a proper and precise evaluation.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Análise Química do Sangue , Humanos , Laboratórios Hospitalares , Registros Médicos/normas , Potássio/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sódio/sangue , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 729-735, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422610

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of assessing complications registration through medical information. Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed to retrospectively collect medical information and complication registration information of gastric cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Ward I, Peking University Cancer Hospital from November 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 (the first period), and from November 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 (the second period). Case inclusion criteria: (1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) patients undergoing open surgery or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy; (3) complete postoperative medical information and complication information. Patients who were directly transferred to ICU after surgery and underwent emergency surgery were excluded. Because difference of the complication registration procedure at our department existed before and after 2018, so the above two periods were selected to be used for analysis on enrolled patients. The prescription information during hospitalization, including nursing, medication, laboratory examination, transference, surgical advice, etc. were compared with the current Standard Operating Procedure (SOP, including preoperative routine examinations, inspection, perioperative preventive antibiotic use, postoperative observational tests, inspection, routine nutritional support, prophylactic anticoagulation, and prophylactic inhibition of pancreatic enzymes, etc.) for gastric cancer at our department. Medical order beyond SOP was defined as medical order variation. Postoperative complication was diagnosed using the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria, which was divided into I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb, and V. Medical order variation and complication registration information were compared between the two periods, including consistence between medical order variation and complication registration, missing report, underestimation or overestimation of medical order variation, and registration rate of medical order variation [registration rate = (total number of patients-number of missing report patients)/total number of patients], severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ III), medical order variation deviating from SOP and the corresponding inferred grading of complication. The data was organized using Microsoft Office Excel 2010. Results: A total of 177 gastric cancer patients were included in the analysis. The first period group and the second period group comprised 89 and 88 cases, respectively. The registrated complication rate was 23.6% (21/89) and 36.4% (32/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 2.2% (2/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and the second period, respectively. The complication rate inferred from medical order variation was 74.2% (66/89) and 78.4% (69/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 7.9% (7/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and second period, respectively. In the first and second period, the proportions of medical order variation in accordance with registered complication were 36.0% and 45.5% respectively; the proportion of underestimation, overestimation and missing report were 5.6% and 4.5%, 4.5% and 4.5%, 53.9% and 45.5%, respectively; the registration rate of medical order variation was 46.1% and 54.5%; the number of case with grade I complications inferred from medical order variation was 34 (38.2%) and 25 (28.4%), respectively; and the number of grade II was 12 (13.5%) and 15 cases (17.0%), respectively. The reason of the missing report of medical order variation corresponding to grade I complication was mainly the single use of analgesic drugs outside SOP, accounting for 76.5% (26/34) and 64.0% (16/25) in the first and second period respectively, and that corresponding to grade II complication was mainly the use of non-prophylactic antibiotics, accounting for 9/12 cases and 5/15 cases, respectively. Conclusions: Medical information can evaluate the morbidity of complication feasibly and effectively. Attention should be paid to routine registration to avoid specific missing report.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Registros Médicos/normas , Sistema de Registros/normas , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA