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1.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 517-523, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047918

RESUMO

A atenção e zelo do médico no período pré e pós-operatório é de extrema importância para a manutenção da boa relação médico/paciente. A organização e o adequado registro documental, contribui para a obtenção de um bom vínculo e assegura importante ferramenta jurídica ao médico. Hoje, com os avanços tecnológicos, o prontuário eletrônico é uma forma segura e democrática de lidar com estas informações. Nas instituições públicas o governo tem buscado implementar este sistema, mas os resultados são ainda discretos, talvez pela falta principalmente de recursos para investimento nesta área. Diante deste cenário e da grande relevância de um prontuário médico prático, informativo e dinâmico, objetivamos apresentar a nossa experiência com o uso complementar de um recurso digital sem custos. Associado ao prontuário médico de uso habitual dos serviços, descreve-se um sistema complementar, utilizando-se uma plataforma digital de armazenamento de dados na "nuvem". Por meio desse sistema é possível fornecer informações adicionais sobre cada paciente, incluindo o seguimento ambulatorial, assim como o registro fotográfico do pré, intra e pós-operatório, além de viabilizar um acesso rápido, sincronizado e remoto por meio da internet. O sistema gera economia de recursos, planejamento cirúrgico e melhora na relação médico/paciente. Favorece maior integração da equipe médica, discussão dos casos e distribuição das cirurgias por preceptor e residente. Assim, é um recurso alternativo para incrementar os prontuários médicos com dados importantes para a atuação das equipes médicas, com especial atenção às peculiaridades da cirurgia plástica.


The attention and enthusiasm of doctors in the pre- and postoperative period is of extreme importance in maintaining good doctor/patient relationships. An adequate organization and documentary record contributes to achieving a good relationship and ensures an important legal tool for physicians. With current technological advances, the electronic medical record is a secure and democratic way to deal with this information. The government has sought to implement this system in public institutions; however, results are still modest, perhaps mainly due to the lack of resources for investment in this area. In light of this, and given the relevance of practical, informative, and dynamic medical records, we aim to present our experience with the use of a complementary digital resource that is commonly associated with medical records and uses a free of cost digital platform for storing data in the "cloud". This system can provide additional information about each patient, including outpatient follow-up, as well as photographic records of the pre-, intra-, and post-operative periods, and also facilitates quick, synchronized, and remote access through the internet. The system generates optimization of resources, surgical planning, and improvement in patient/ doctor relationships. It also leads to greater integration of the medical team, particularly in the discussion of cases and distribution of surgeries by preceptors and residents. Thus, it is an alternative resource to improve medical charts with important data regarding the performance of medical teams, paying special attention to the peculiarities of plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Cirurgia Plástica , Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Registros Médicos , Inovação , Assistência ao Paciente , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Administração de Serviços de Saúde/normas , Registros Médicos/normas , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas
2.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 497-503, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047912

RESUMO

Introdução: A úlcera plantar por hanseníase é uma lesão no pé resultante da falta de sensibilidade plantar. O objetivo é descrever o tratamento realizado em portadores de úlceras plantares por hanseníase. Métodos: Estudo de prontuários de portadores de úlcera plantar atendidos no Hospital Sarah em Brasília, de 2006 a 2016, quanto ao sexo, idade, etiologia, localização e tratamento. Resultados: Foram atendidos 27 pacientes, 17(62,96%) homens e 10 (37,04%) mulheres, procedentes de Goiás e DF, na faixa etária de 41 a 60 anos (40,74%). Todos necessitaram de um ou mais procedimentos cirúrgicos. Conclusão: Observou-se maior frequência no sexo masculino, grau avançado, localizadas no primeiro artelho. Todos necessitaram de procedimentos cirúrgicos e não cirúrgicos, evoluindo com cicatrização completa da ferida, amputação transtibial em um caso e de artelhos em sete casos, e 90% dos casos apresentaram recorrência da úlcera após um ano.


Introduction: Leprosy-induced plantar ulcers result from a lack of plantar sensitivity. Objective: This study aimed to describe the treatment provided to patients with leprosy-induced plantar ulcers. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with plantar ulcers treated at Sarah Hospital in Brasilia from 2006 to 2016 and collected information about sex, age, etiology, location, and treatment. Results: A total of 27 patients (17 [62.96%] men, 10 [37.04%] women; 40.74% were aged 41­60 years) were treated from Goiás and the Federal District. All required ≥1 surgical procedure. Conclusion: A higher frequency of advanced grade was observed in men, primarily on the first toe. All needed surgical and non-surgical procedures and achieved complete wound healing. Transtibial amputation was required in 1 case and toe amputation in 7 cases; 90% patients developed ulcer recurrence after 1 year.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , História do Século XXI , Reabilitação , Terapêutica , Tratamento Terciário , Registros Médicos , Úlcera do Pé , Hanseníase , Reabilitação/métodos , Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapêutica/métodos , Terapêutica/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento Terciário/métodos , Tratamento Terciário/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros Médicos/normas , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Úlcera do Pé/cirurgia , Úlcera do Pé/complicações , Úlcera do Pé/terapia , Hanseníase/cirurgia , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/terapia
3.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(15)2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of the general practitioners' setting of diagnoses using codes from the International Classification for Primary Care (ICPC) is important, because these codes are used for purposes of quality development, research and public health statistics. It is uncertain, however, to what extent these diagnoses present a correct picture of the content of and reasons for the consultations and the prevalence of illness in the population. The objective of this study was to identify the extent to which the general practitioners' use of diagnostic codes correlates with the content of the patient record notes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 23 general practitioners from five different medical centres in Agder county participated in the study. The patient record notes from all patient contacts over two working days in 2013 were reviewed by two experienced general practitioners who assessed the degree of correspondence between the content of the patient record notes and the concomitant ICPC diagnostic codes. RESULTS: A total of 1 819 patient contact were assessed, and for 1 591 of these (87.5 %) it was possible to assess the correspondence between the patient record notes and the diagnosis. We found good correspondence for 693 (85.3 %) consultations and 321 (69.9 %) simple contacts with issuance of a prescription. For simple contacts with no issuance of a prescription there was good correspondence for 213 (83.9 %), although 144 of a total of 398 (36.2 %) could not be assessed because the patient record notes were absent, too brief or imprecise. INTERPRETATION: The diagnoses made during consultations corresponded well with the patient record notes examined in this study. The results may indicate that caution should be exercised in including simple contacts in the data on diagnoses in public statistics. The findings should be followed up in larger-scale and more representative national studies.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais/normas , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Registros Médicos/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Atenção Primária à Saúde/classificação , Humanos , Noruega , Visita a Consultório Médico , Encaminhamento e Consulta/classificação
4.
Eur J Radiol ; 120: 108661, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610322

RESUMO

Radiologists often encounter imaging requisitions that lack important information needed for accurate diagnostic studies. Reason for exam Imaging Reporting and Data System (RI-RADS) is proposed as a grading system for evaluation of the quality of clinically pertinent information provided in imaging requisitions. Three categories of information are suggested as key indicators of quality: impression, clinical findings, and the diagnostic question. This scheme is intended to improve the quality of imaging requisitions and overall patient care.


Assuntos
Radiografia/normas , Sistemas de Informação em Radiologia/normas , Sistemas de Dados , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Registros Médicos/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Radiologia/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa
5.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 302-307, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184155

RESUMO

Introducción: Los informes de alta de hospitalización presentan gran cantidad de abreviaturas y su significado puede ser desconocido por médicos y enfermeras, pudiendo comprometer la seguridad del paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de médicos y enfermeras de las abreviaturas clínicas presentes en el informe de alta. Métodos: Estudio observacional-transversal mediante un cuestionario elaborado ad hoc dirigido a médicos y enfermeras del Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada. Para la validación del cuestionario se realizó la evaluación del contenido y de la validez lógica. La cumplimentación fue anónima y voluntaria y se difundió online a través de los correos corporativos de los profesionales. El cuestionario incluía variables sociodemográficas y 14 abreviaturas presentes en los informes de alta. Los datos se obtuvieron de la historia clínica electrónica. Resultados: De 756 profesionales, el cuestionario fue respondido por 68 médicos y 86 enfermeras (n = 154). La edad media de los profesionales fue de 40,58 años (DE ±7,54), y la media de años de experiencia profesional fue de 17,10 años (DE ±7,37). Los profesionales presentan un porcentaje medio de aciertos del 35,84% de todas las abreviaturas evaluadas. El personal médico presentó un 55,94% de contestaciones correctas, y el personal de enfermería un 23,17%. Las abreviaturas en las que se produjeron más errores fueron: SNG, NPIM, EEA y RCP, con un porcentaje de aciertos del 5,19, 6,49, 6,49 y 7,79%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La identificación de las abreviaturas en los informes de alta por parte de los médicos es superior a la del personal de enfermería. A nivel global, el conocimiento de las abreviaturas en ambos profesionales es bajo


Introduction: Medical Records have a large number of abbreviations and doctors and nurses may not be aware of their meaning, which could compromise patient safety. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of doctors and nurses of the clinical abbreviations in medical discharge reports. Methods: Observational-cross sectional study through a questionnaire developed ad hoc for doctors and nurses from Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada. The content and logical validity of the questionnaire was assessed. The questionnaire was completed anonymously and voluntarily. The questionnaire was also distributed online to the professionals' corporate emails. The questionnaire included sociodemographic variables and 14 abbreviations present in medical discharge reports. The data were obtained from the Electronic Clinical Record. Results: Out of a total of 756 professionals, the questionnaire was answered by 68 doctors and 86 nurses (n = 154).The mean age of the professionals was 40.58 years (SD ±7.54), and the mean number of years of professional experience was 17.10s (SD ±7.37). The professionals gave an average percentage of correct answers of 35.84%. Doctors gave 55.94% of the correct answers, and nurses 23.17%. The abbreviations for which the most errors occurred were SNG, NPIM, EEA, RCP, with a success rate of 5.19%, 6.49%, 6.49% and 7.79%, respectively. Conclusions: The identification of the abbreviations in medical discharge reports by doctors is superior to that of nursing staff. Overall the knowledge of abbreviations in both professionals is low


Assuntos
Humanos , Conhecimento , Competência Clínica , Abreviaturas como Assunto , Sumários de Alta do Paciente Hospitalar , Registros Médicos/normas , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Alta do Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais
6.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503322

RESUMO

According to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, about 3200 people a year die due to accidents. Around 900 of these are classified as "Accidental exposure to other and unspecified factors". A more precise classification with the board has not been recorded in these cases due to incomplete death certificates. This study examined the death certificates for this group in 2016 and compared it to patient records. This study showed that most cases of incomplete classification are in instances of elderly persons who sustained a fall and subsequently died due to complications of the resulting injury. The doctor has in most cases not perceived the death as accidental.This study showed that there is a lack of knowledge among doctors in how to accurately complete a death certificate.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Coleta de Dados/normas , Atestado de Óbito , Documentação/normas , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Competência Clínica/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos/normas , Distribuição por Sexo , Suécia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 362-367, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047155

RESUMO

Introdução: Os retalhos interpolados são opções cirúrgicas eficazes para reconstruções de defeitos cutâneos em várias áreas do corpo, inclusive na face. O retalho proposto dispensa cuidados pós-operatórios com o pedículo exposto e pode ser realizado em tempo único. O objetivo é avaliar a utilidade do retalho interpolado de sulco nasogeniano (RISN) em ilha, na reconstrução de segmentos nasais e do canto interno da órbita, bem como discutir refinamentos em seu design e execução. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de prontuários de pacientes com defeitos nasais ou de canto interno da órbita, e que foram reparados com retalho interpolado do sulco nasogeniano. Todos os retalhos foram confeccionados de maneira randômica, realizando-se túnel subcutâneo para evitar pedículo exposto e cicatriz que comunicasse a área doadora e o defeito. Resultados: cinco pacientes foram incluídos no estudo, com idade entre 30 e 92 anos. Em todos os casos foi realizada biópsia de congelação intraoperatória que revelou margens livres de doença, orientando a extensão da ressecção. O CBC foi encontrado em 4 pacientes e o CEC em um paciente. Não houve complicações como sangramento pós-operatório ou necrose. Bons resultados funcionais e estéticos foram alcançados em todos os pacientes. Discussão: Vale ressaltar a versatilidade do retalho nasogeniano interpolado, sendo capaz de auxiliar na reconstrução de defeitos extensos não apenas de asa, ponta e columela nasais, mas também de dorso e canto medial do olho. Destaca-se também o aspecto estético mais favorável do pedículo do retalho interpolado em ilha comparado ao de transposição. Conclusão: O RISN interpolado em único estágio é uma opção confiável na reconstrução de segmentos faciais. Apresenta boa vascularização, possibilidade se ser realizado em único tempo e pode ser utilizado para cobertura nos locais onde há poucas opções reconstrutivas disponíveis.


Introduction: Interpolation flaps are effective surgical options for reconstructing skin defects in various areas of the body, including the face. The proposed flap does not require postoperative care with the pedicle exposed and can be performed in a single surgery. The objective is to evaluate the usefulness of the nasolabial interpolation island flap (NIF) for reconstructing nasal segments and the inner corner of the eye, as well as discuss improvements in its design and performance. Methods: In this retrospective study, medical records of patients with nasal defects that were repaired with a nasolabial interpolation flap were reviewed. All flaps were created with a subcutaneous tunnel to avoid pedicle exposure and prevent scar connection with the donor area and the defect. Results: Five patients aged 30­92 years were included. In all cases, intraoperative frozen biopsy revealed disease-free margins, indicating the extent of the resection. Basal cell carcinoma was found in four patients and squamous cell carcinoma in one. There were no complications such as postoperative bleeding or necrosis. Good functional and aesthetic results were achieved. Discussion: The NIF can help in the reconstruction of extensive defects of the nasal ala, tip, columella, and medial dorsum as well as the corner of the eye. We also highlight the more favorable aesthetic aspect of the pedicle in the interpolation island versus transposition flap. Conclusion: The single-stage NIF flap is a reliable option for reconstructing facial segments as it has good vascularization, can be performed in a single surgery, and can be used to cover places where few other reconstructive options are available.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , História do Século XXI , Órbita , Nariz , Registros Médicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Face , Sulco Nasogeniano , Retalho Perfurante , Neoplasias , Órbita/anormalidades , Órbita/cirurgia , Nariz/anormalidades , Nariz/cirurgia , Registros Médicos/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Face/anormalidades , Face/cirurgia , Sulco Nasogeniano/anormalidades , Sulco Nasogeniano/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/cirurgia
8.
Am J Disaster Med ; 14(1): 9-15, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Improve documentation during a mass casualty incident (MCI). DESIGN: This is a retrospective chart review. SETTING: This chart review was done in the Major Incident Hospital (MIH). The MIH is a highly prepared back-up hospital in the center of the Netherland that can be deployed in case of a major incident. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Until recently, the MIH used an extensive paper medical record: the hospital in special circumstances medical record (HSCMR). A concise primary survey form was developed and attached to the HSCMR, forming the pilot disaster medical record (pDMR). In this retrospective chart review, primary survey data documented in the HSCMR (during a MCI) were compared to the pDMR (during a drill exercise). Three triage categories were used: T1, immediate; T2, urgent; and T3, delayed. MAIN OUTCOME: The MIH hypothesized that a dedicated, concise, and practical primary survey form could improve quantitative patient documentation during an MCI. Significant differences were tested with the chi square and Fisher exact test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The pDMR was used significantly more often 61 percent vs 89 percent (p = 0.001), especially in T1 and T2 patients. Quantitative documentation in the pDMR improved significantly on airway, breathing, breathing frequency, saturation, circulation, heart rate, blood pressure, Glasgow Coma Score, exposure, and medication given but not in cervical spine and temperature. CONCLUSION: Significantly more primary survey forms were used and more data were documented using the pDMR, especially in the most critical patients. An MCI medical record should be simple and concise and should not deviate from daily routine.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Registros Médicos/normas , Triagem/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 729-735, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422610

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of assessing complications registration through medical information. Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed to retrospectively collect medical information and complication registration information of gastric cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Ward I, Peking University Cancer Hospital from November 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 (the first period), and from November 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 (the second period). Case inclusion criteria: (1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) patients undergoing open surgery or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy; (3) complete postoperative medical information and complication information. Patients who were directly transferred to ICU after surgery and underwent emergency surgery were excluded. Because difference of the complication registration procedure at our department existed before and after 2018, so the above two periods were selected to be used for analysis on enrolled patients. The prescription information during hospitalization, including nursing, medication, laboratory examination, transference, surgical advice, etc. were compared with the current Standard Operating Procedure (SOP, including preoperative routine examinations, inspection, perioperative preventive antibiotic use, postoperative observational tests, inspection, routine nutritional support, prophylactic anticoagulation, and prophylactic inhibition of pancreatic enzymes, etc.) for gastric cancer at our department. Medical order beyond SOP was defined as medical order variation. Postoperative complication was diagnosed using the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria, which was divided into I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb, and V. Medical order variation and complication registration information were compared between the two periods, including consistence between medical order variation and complication registration, missing report, underestimation or overestimation of medical order variation, and registration rate of medical order variation [registration rate = (total number of patients-number of missing report patients)/total number of patients], severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ III), medical order variation deviating from SOP and the corresponding inferred grading of complication. The data was organized using Microsoft Office Excel 2010. Results: A total of 177 gastric cancer patients were included in the analysis. The first period group and the second period group comprised 89 and 88 cases, respectively. The registrated complication rate was 23.6% (21/89) and 36.4% (32/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 2.2% (2/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and the second period, respectively. The complication rate inferred from medical order variation was 74.2% (66/89) and 78.4% (69/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 7.9% (7/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and second period, respectively. In the first and second period, the proportions of medical order variation in accordance with registered complication were 36.0% and 45.5% respectively; the proportion of underestimation, overestimation and missing report were 5.6% and 4.5%, 4.5% and 4.5%, 53.9% and 45.5%, respectively; the registration rate of medical order variation was 46.1% and 54.5%; the number of case with grade I complications inferred from medical order variation was 34 (38.2%) and 25 (28.4%), respectively; and the number of grade II was 12 (13.5%) and 15 cases (17.0%), respectively. The reason of the missing report of medical order variation corresponding to grade I complication was mainly the single use of analgesic drugs outside SOP, accounting for 76.5% (26/34) and 64.0% (16/25) in the first and second period respectively, and that corresponding to grade II complication was mainly the use of non-prophylactic antibiotics, accounting for 9/12 cases and 5/15 cases, respectively. Conclusions: Medical information can evaluate the morbidity of complication feasibly and effectively. Attention should be paid to routine registration to avoid specific missing report.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Registros Médicos/normas , Sistema de Registros/normas , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(3): 030703, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379461

RESUMO

Introduction: Communication of laboratory critical risk results is essential for patient safety, as it allows early decision making. Our aims were: 1) to retrospectively evaluate the current protocol for telephone notification of critical risk results in terms of rates, efficiency and recipient satisfaction, 2) to assess their use in clinical decision making and 3) to suggest alternative tools for a better assessment of notification protocols. Materials and methods: The biochemical critical risk result notifications reported during 12 months by routine and STAT laboratories in a tertiary care hospital were reviewed. Total number of reports, time for the notification and main magnitudes with critical risk results were calculated. The use of notifications in clinical decision making was assessed by reviewing medical records. Satisfaction with the notification protocol was assessed through an online questionnaire to requesting physicians and nurses. Results: Critical result was yielded by 0.1% of total laboratory tests. Median time for notification was 3.2 min (STAT) and 16.9 min (routine). The magnitudes with a greater number of critical results were glucose and potassium for routine analyses, and troponin, sodium for STAT. Most notifications were not reflected in the medical records. Overall mean satisfaction with the protocol was 4.2/5. Conclusion: The results obtained indicate that the current protocol is appropriate. Nevertheless, there are some limitations that hamper the evaluation of the impact on clinical decision making. Alternatives were proposed for a proper and precise evaluation.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Análise Química do Sangue , Humanos , Laboratórios Hospitalares , Registros Médicos/normas , Potássio/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sódio/sangue , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Tex Med ; 115(7): 38-40, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334822

RESUMO

Medicare's Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) requires practices to conduct a security risk analysis at least once a year. HIPAA requires at least one analysis, and annual check-ups are considered a best practice. Many physicians find out through these reports that their practices have a lot of work to do to keep patient records safe.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Registros Médicos/normas , Sistema de Pagamento Prospectivo/normas , Humanos , Medicare , Médicos/economia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Estados Unidos
12.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 397, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medication charting errors occur often and can be harmful for patients. Interventions to improve charting errors have demonstrated some success particularly if the intervention uses multiple approaches including an education component. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether a multi-faceted intervention, including education of junior doctors and weekday re-charting could reduce in-hospital charting error. METHODS: Medication charts (n = 579) of all patients admitted to the medical ward of a medium sized regionally-based hospital in Australia over nine months (baseline and during intervention) were inspected for errors. The intervention ran for three months and involved implementation of a National Inpatient Medication Chart targeted error tool with eight targeted charting requirements which was used for visual reminders in the ward and training of junior doctors. In addition, mid-weekly re-charting (MOWER) was performed by a senior and junior doctor team. RESULTS: The mean number of charting requirement errors significantly reduced during the intervention by 26% from 4.6 ± 1.3 to 3.4 ± 1.7 per chart (p < 0.001). Re-chart errors reduced on average by 50% (4.4 ± 1.4 to 2.2 ± 1.7 per chart, p < 0.001) and primary (initial) charts by 20% (4.6 ± 1.3 to 3.7 ± 1.5 per chart, p < 0.001) during the intervention. Failing to provide indication information for a drug, prescriber name, and failing to use generic rather than brand names were the categories with the most errors at baseline and also showed the largest error reductions during the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: A multi-intervention including education of junior doctors, visual reminders and midweek re-charting are effective in reducing the rate of charting errors. We advise that a larger study is now conducted using the same multi-intervention strategy in different ward settings to evaluate feasibility and sustainability of this intervention.


Assuntos
Registros Médicos/normas , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Austrália , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
14.
Am J Surg ; 218(3): 624-630, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The operative report is vital for patients and central to surgical quality assessment. Narrative operative reports are often poor quality. Synoptic reporting can improve documentation. The objective was to identify and appraise studies comparing synoptic and narrative operative reporting. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature was performed. The primary outcome was completion of critical elements for an operative report. Additional secondary outcomes were measured. Meta-analysis was performed where possible. Quality analysis was performed using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). RESULTS: 1471 citations were identified; 16 studies included. Mean NOS was 7.09 out of 9 (+/-- SD 1.73). Meta-analysis demonstrated that synoptic reporting was significantly more complete (SMD 1.70, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.26; I2 98%). Completion time was shorter with synoptic reporting (mean difference -0.86, 95% CI -1.17 to -0.55). Secondary outcomes favoured synoptic reporting. CONCLUSIONS: Synoptic reporting platforms outperform narrative reporting and should be incorporated into surgical practice.


Assuntos
Registros Médicos/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade
15.
Neuroradiol J ; 32(4): 267-272, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017073

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiology descriptions of intracranial metastases following radiotherapy are often imprecise. This study sought to improve such reports by creating and disseminating a structured template that encourages discrete categorization of intracranial lesions. METHODS: Following initiation of the structured template, a retrospective review assessed patients with intracranial metastases that underwent radiotherapy, comparing 'pre-template' with 'post-template' reports. A total of 139 patients were included; 94 patients (67.6%) were imaged pre-template, 45 (32.4%) post-template. Reports were assessed for discrete versus non-specific descriptions of lesions: '(presumed) new metastases', 'treated metastases', and 'indeterminate lesions'. Non-specific language was subdivided based on the type of lesion(s) described: e.g. 'stable enhancing foci' was deemed a non-specific description of 'treated metastases'. RESULTS: Non-specific descriptions of lesions were used in 25/94 reports (26.6%) pre-template, and eight reports (17.8%) post-template. No significant difference was found in the frequency of inappropriate/ambiguous descriptions of intracranial lesions following template initiation (P = 0.52). However, only 27/45 (60.0%) of the reports in the post-template time period used the structured report; the other reports were written as free prose. Of the reports that did use the structured template, the authors used significantly less ambiguous language structured template (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: When utilized, a structured report template resulted in decreased non-specific descriptions and improved discrete characterization of intracranial metastases in patients treated with radiation. However, the frequency of non-specific language usage before and after template initiation was unchanged, probably due to poor compliance with template utilization.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Registros Médicos/normas , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 102, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports of head and neck ultrasound examinations are frequently written by hand as free texts. This is a serious obstacle to the learning process of the modality due to a missing report structure and terminology. Therefore, there is a great inter-observer variability in overall report quality. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of structured reporting on the learning process as indicated by the overall report quality of head and neck ultrasound examinations within medical school education. METHODS: Following an immersion course on head and neck ultrasound, previously documented images of three common pathologies were handed out to 58 medical students who asked to create both standard free text reports (FTR) and structured reports (SR). A template for structured reporting of head and neck ultrasound examinations was created using a web-based approach. FTRs and SRs were evaluated with regard to overall quality, completeness, required time to completion and readability by two independent raters (Paired Wilcoxon test, 95% CI). Ratings were assessed for inter-rater reliability (Fleiss' kappa). Additionally, a questionnaire was utilized to evaluate user satisfaction. RESULTS: SRs received significantly better ratings in terms of report completeness (97.7% vs. 53.5%, p < 0.001) regarding all items. In addition, pathologies were described in more detail using SRs (70% vs. 51.1%, p < 0.001). Readability was significantly higher in all SRs when compared to FTRs (100% vs. 54.4%, p < 0.001). Mean time to complete was significantly lower (79.6 vs. 205.4 s, p < 0.001) and user satisfaction was significantly higher when using SRs (8.5 vs. 4.1, p < 0.001). Also, inter-rater reliability was very high (Fleiss' kappa 0.93). CONCLUSIONS: SRs of head and neck ultrasound examinations provide more detailed information with a better readability in a time-saving manner within medical education. Also, medical students may benefit from SRs in their learning process due to the structured approach and standardized terminology.


Assuntos
Documentação/normas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Registros Médicos/normas , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Controle de Formulários e Registros , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Faculdades de Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina
17.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 20(8): 653-657, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are one of the most serious Public Health concern, as they prolong the length of hospitalization, reduce the quality of life, and increase morbidity and mortality. Despite they are not completely avoidable, the number of healthcare-associated infections related to negligence claims has risen over the last years, contributing to remarkable economic and reputation losses of Healthcare System. METHODS: In this regard, several studies suggested a key role of medical records quality in determining medical care process, risk management and preventing liability. Clinical documentation should be able to demonstrate that clinicians met their duty of care and did not compromise patient's safety. RESULTS: Therefore, it has a key role in assessing healthcare workers' liability in malpractice litigation. Our risk management experience has confirmed the role of medical records accuracy in preventing hospital liability and improving the quality of medical care. CONCLUSION: In the presented healthcare-associated infections cases, evidence-based and guidelinesbased practice, as well as a complete/incomplete medical record, have shown to significantly affect the verdict of the judicial court and inclusion/exclusion of hospital liability in healthcare-associated infections related claims.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Responsabilidade Legal , Registros Médicos/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Imperícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Registros Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Qualidade de Vida
18.
BMC Med Imaging ; 19(1): 25, 2019 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports of head and neck ultrasound examinations are frequently written by hand as free texts. Naturally, quality and structure of free text reports is variable, depending on the examiner's individual level of experience. Aim of the present study was to compare the quality of free text reports (FTR) and structured reports (SR) of head and neck ultrasound examinations. METHODS: Both standard FTRs and SRs of head and neck ultrasound examinations of 43 patients were acquired by nine independent examiners with comparable levels of experience. A template for structured reporting of head and neck ultrasound examinations was created using a web-based approach. FTRs and SRs were evaluated with regard to overall quality, completeness, required time to completion, and readability by four independent raters with different specializations (Paired Wilcoxon test, 95% CI) and inter-rater reliability was assessed (Fleiss' kappa). A questionnaire was used to compare FTRs vs. SRs with respect to user satisfaction (Mann-Whitney U test, 95% CI). RESULTS: By comparison, completeness scores of SRs were significantly higher than FTRs' completeness scores (94.4% vs. 45.6%, p < 0.001), and pathologies were described in more detail (91.1% vs. 54.5%, p < 0.001). Readability was significantly higher in all SRs when compared to FTRs (100% vs. 47.1%, p < 0.001). The mean time to complete a report, however, was significantly higher in SRs (176.5 vs. 107.3 s, p < 0.001). SRs achieved significantly higher user satisfaction ratings (VAS 8.87 vs. 1.41, p < 0.001) and a very high inter-rater reliability (Fleiss' kappa 0.92). CONCLUSIONS: As compared to FTRs, SRs of head and neck ultrasound examinations are more comprehensive and easier to understand. On the balance, the additional time needed for completing a SR is negligible. Also, SRs yield high inter-rater reliability and may be used for high-quality scientific data analyses.


Assuntos
Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 68, 2019 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914045

RESUMO

Blockchain is a shared distributed digital ledger technology that can better facilitate data management, provenance and security, and has the potential to transform healthcare. Importantly, blockchain represents a data architecture, whose application goes far beyond Bitcoin - the cryptocurrency that relies on blockchain and has popularized the technology. In the health sector, blockchain is being aggressively explored by various stakeholders to optimize business processes, lower costs, improve patient outcomes, enhance compliance, and enable better use of healthcare-related data. However, critical in assessing whether blockchain can fulfill the hype of a technology characterized as 'revolutionary' and 'disruptive', is the need to ensure that blockchain design elements consider actual healthcare needs from the diverse perspectives of consumers, patients, providers, and regulators. In addition, answering the real needs of healthcare stakeholders, blockchain approaches must also be responsive to the unique challenges faced in healthcare compared to other sectors of the economy. In this sense, ensuring that a health blockchain is 'fit-for-purpose' is pivotal. This concept forms the basis for this article, where we share views from a multidisciplinary group of practitioners at the forefront of blockchain conceptualization, development, and deployment.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Sistemas de Informação Administrativa , Informática Médica , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Tecnologia Biomédica/organização & administração , Tecnologia Biomédica/tendências , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores/organização & administração , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores/normas , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores/provisão & distribução , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores/tendências , Data Warehousing/métodos , Data Warehousing/tendências , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/métodos , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/organização & administração , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/tendências , Utilização de Equipamentos e Suprimentos/organização & administração , Utilização de Equipamentos e Suprimentos/tendências , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/normas , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação Administrativa/normas , Sistemas de Informação Administrativa/tendências , Informática Médica/métodos , Informática Médica/organização & administração , Informática Médica/tendências , Registros Médicos/normas
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