Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.179
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15467, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104377

RESUMO

Accurate dietary assessment is required in a variety of research fields and clinical settings. Image-based dietary assessment using smartphones applications offer the opportunity to reduce both researcher and participant burden compared to traditional dietary assessment methods. The current study, conducted in Palestine, aimed to design an image-based dietary assessment application, to assess the relative validity of the application as a dietary assessment tool for energy and macronutrient intake using the 3-Day Food Record (3-DFR) as a reference method, and to test its usability among a sample of Palestinian university students. The development of a smartphone application (Ghithaona) designed to assess energy and macronutrient intake is reported. The application validity was tested among a sample of Palestinian undergraduates from An-Najah National University. Participants recorded their dietary intake using the Ghithaona application over 2 consecutive days and 1 weekend day. Intake from the Ghithaona application were compared to intake collected from 3-DFR, taken on 2 consecutive weekdays and 1 weekend day, in the second week following the Ghithaona application. At the end of the study, participants completed an exit survey to test assess application usability and to identify barriers to its use. Mean differences in energy, and macronutrients intake were evaluated between the methods using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Agreement between methods was ascertained using Pearson correlations and Bland-Altman plots. The Ghithaona application took 6 months to develop. The validation test was completed by 70 participants with a mean age of 21.0 ± 2.1 years. No significant differences were found between the two methods for mean intakes of energy or macronutrients (p > 0.05). Significant correlations between the two methods were observed for energy, and all macronutrients (r = 0.261-0.58, p ≤ 0.05). Bland-Altman plots confirmed wide limits of agreement between the methods with no systematic bias. According to the exit survey, it was found that majority of participants strongly agreed and agreed that the application saves time (94.2%), helps the participant to pay attention to their dietary habits (87.2%), and is easy to use (78.6%). The Ghithaona application showed relative validity for assessment of nutrient intake of Palestinian undergraduates.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Avaliação Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Árabes , Registros de Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Smartphone , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
2.
Nutrients ; 14(15)2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956369

RESUMO

We examined the relative validity of food intake for each meal type (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks) and overall food intake obtained through the Meal-based Diet History Questionnaire (MDHQ). In total, 222 Japanese adults (111 for each sex) aged 30-76 years completed the web version of the MDHQ and then the 4-non-consecutive-day weighed dietary record (DR). The number of major food groups (n = 24 in total) for which no statistically significant difference was observed between median intakes estimated using the DR and MDHQ ranged from 8 (snacks) to 12 (dinner) among women, and from 8 (breakfast) to 13 (lunch) among men. The median values of the Spearman's correlation coefficients between the MDHQ and DR estimates ranged from 0.28 (dinner) to 0.54 (breakfast) among women, and from 0.24 (dinner) and 0.60 (breakfast) among men. Bland-Altman analyses generally showed wide limits of agreement and proportional bias. Similar results were obtained using the paper version of the MDHQ, which was completed after conducting the DR. In conclusion, the MDHQ has a satisfactory ability to estimate median intake and rank individuals according to consumption for many food groups, despite a limited ability to estimate food group intakes on an individual level.


Assuntos
Dieta , Refeições , Adulto , Registros de Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Nutrients ; 14(14)2022 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889749

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of Saudi children with celiac disease (CD) who followed the Ministry of Health's gluten-free diet (GFD) program. This study involved 66 children with CD (29 boys and 37 girls) from 5 hospitals belonging to the Ministry of Health. Socioeconomic characteristics were obtained using a structured questionnaire. Anthropometric indices were measured using a body composition analyzer. Dietary intake was assessed using three 24 h dietary records. The biochemical parameters were determined in the hospitals' laboratories. According to the findings, the majority of respondents had ages ranging from 10 to 13 years, a father and mother with a university education, a high family income, and 5 to 7 family members. Carbohydrates and protein intake for both genders were significantly higher than the DRI's recommended dietary intake. However, the majority of nutrients consumed were at levels significantly lower than the DRI. Both genders had normal anthropometric indices, with girls having at significantly higher indices than boys. The biochemical parameters of both genders were comparable and within the normal range, except for vitamin D, which was below the normal range. The most important factors influencing nutritional status were age for both genders, and family income and number of family members for boys. In conclusion, data obtained for nutrient intake, anthropometric indicators, body composition, and biochemical analysis indicated that CD children following the Ministry of Health GFD program have a generally good nutritional status.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca , Dieta Livre de Glúten , Adolescente , Criança , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Arábia Saudita
4.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807775

RESUMO

Using Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs) to compare dietary references for screening has been in high demand. However, FFQs have been widely used for ranking individuals in a population based on their dietary intake. We determined the validity of sodium (salt equivalent) intake, potassium intake, and sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratio obtained using the FFQ for identifying individuals who deviated from the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) measured using multiple 24-h urinary excretion measurements or 12-day weighed food records (WFR). This study included 235 middle-aged subjects. The correlation coefficients (CCs) between the FFQ and WFR estimates were mostly moderate (0.24-0.54); the CCs between the FFQ and 24-h urinary excretion measurements were low or moderate (0.26-0.38). Values of area under the receiver-operating curve (AUC) at the point of DRIs for salt equivalent or potassium were >0.7 with the WFR as the reference standard and 0.60-0.76 with the 24-h urinary excretion as the reference standard. Using both standard measures, the AUC for the Na/K ratio was <0.7. The accuracy of salt equivalent and potassium intake estimation using the FFQ to determine absolute intake point was comparable to that using WFR, allowing for quantified error, but not as good as that of 24-h urinary excretion.


Assuntos
Potássio , Sódio , Adulto , Idoso , Registros de Dieta , Humanos , Íons , Japão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Potássio/urina , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sódio/urina , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807876

RESUMO

The food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are the most common tools used in dietary research. Each newly developed, modified, or adapted FFQ should be validated in the target population. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility and relative validity of the 72-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (72-item SQ-FFQ) for Polish adults. The 72-item SQ-FFQ was developed based on a non-quantitative FFQ covering 62 food items (62-item FFQ-6®). The study was conducted among 186 university students aged 19-26 years (47.8% of females). The FFQ was administered on two occasions (FFQcrude and FFQretest) to assess the test-retest reproducibility, and the FFQcrude was compared with the estimated food record (FRcrude) to evaluate the relative validity of the FFQ in assessing the intake of energy, 38 nutrients, and alcohol. The energy intake obtained with both methods was standardized to 2000 kcal/day (FFQstand, FRstand). The dietary intake obtained with FFQcrude was adjusted using linear regression analysis (FFQreg). The reproducibility and relative validity of the FFQ were assessed by comparing the mean values of energy and nutrient intake and using Spearman's correlation coefficient, the cross-classification analysis, and the Bland-Altman method. Spearman's correlation coefficient between both administrations of the FFQ ranged from 0.631 to 0.878 (the intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.583-0.935), for FFQcrude and FRcrude ranged from -0.025 to 0.390, for FFQstand and FRstand ranged from 0.021 to 0.546, and for FFQreg and FRcrude ranged from 0.028 to 0.391. The percentage of respondents classified into the same or adjacent quartiles of nutrient intake obtained from two administrations of the FFQ ranged from 84.9% to 97.8%, for FFQcrude and FRcrude ranged from 61.3% to 76.9%, for FFQstand and FRstand ranged from 63.4% to 83.9%, and for FFQreg and FRcrude ranged from 60.2% to 76.9%. In conclusion, our findings showed good reproducibility and acceptable relative validity of the 72-item SQ-FFQ. This tool can be recommended for assessing dietary intake among Polish young adults. However, the intake of certain nutrients should be interpreted with caution.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Polônia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Cad Saude Publica ; 38(7): e00249821, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894363

RESUMO

Existing methods for assessing food consumption are subject to measurement errors, especially the underreporting of energy intake, characterized by reporting energy intake below the minimum necessary to maintain body weight. This study aimed to compare the identification of energy intake underreporters using different predictive equations and instruments to collect dietary data. The study was conducted with 101 selected participants in the third wave of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) at the University Hospital of the University of São Paulo. For the dietary assessment, we applied a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), two 24-hour diet recall (24hR) using the GloboDiet software, and two 24hR using the Brasil-Nutri software. The energy intake underreport obtained from the FFQ was 13%, 16%, and 1% using the equations proposed by Goldberg et al. (1991), Black (2000), and McCrory et al. (2002), respectively. With these same equations, the 24hR described an underreport of 9.9%, 14.9%, and 0.9% respectively with the GloboDiet software and 14.7%, 15.8%, and 1.1% respectively with the Brasil-Nutri software. We verified a low prevalence of underreported energy intake among the three self-report-based dietary data collection methods (FFQ, 24hR with GloboDiet, and Brasil-Nutri). Though no statistically significant differences were found among three methods, the equations for each method differed among them. The agreement of energy intake between the methods was very similar, but the best was between GloboDiet and Brasil-Nutri.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Adulto , Brasil , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1221, 2022 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mobile applications such as personalized tracking tools and food choice aids may enhance weight loss programs. We developed and assessed client preferences for the content, user interface, graphics, and logic flow of a mobile application, and evaluated its validity for tracking compliance with weight control and making healthy and sustainable food choices. METHODS: Our four-stage study comprised formative research, application development, acceptance assessment, and validity. The formative research included literature reviews and six focus groups with 39 respondents aged 19-64 years at high risk for obesity. The development stage included programmer selection, defining application specifications, design, and user interface. Prototype acceptability was assessed with 53 respondents who graded 17 features of content, graphic design, and application flow (ranked as good, moderate, and poor). A feature was considered to have "good" acceptance if its mean response was higher than the mean of overall responses. The validity was assessed in 30 obese women using Bland-Altman plots to compare results from dietary intake assessment from the application to conventional paper-based methods. RESULTS: The application was named as EatsUp®. The focus group participants defined the key requirements of this app as being informative, easy, and exciting to use. The EatsUp® core features consisted of simple menu recommendations, health news, notifications, a food database, estimated portion sizes, and food pictures. The prototype had a "good" overall acceptance regarding content, graphics, and flow. Fourteen out of 17 parameters were graded as "good" from > 70% of respondents. There was no significant difference between the rated proportions for content, graphics, and app flow (Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z-test, p > .05). The agreement using the Bland-Altman plots between EatsUp® and the paper-based method of measuring food intake was good, with a mean difference of energy intake of only 2.63 ± 28.4 kcal/day (p > 0.05), well within the 95% confidence interval for agreement. CONCLUSIONS: The EatsUp® mobile application had good acceptance for graphics and app flow. This application can support the monitoring of balanced and sustainable dietary practice by providing nutritional data, and is comparable with conventional dietary assessment tools, and performed well in tracking energy, macronutrient, and selected micronutrients intakes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03469869 . The registration date was March 19, 2018.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Manejo da Obesidade , Dieta/métodos , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 348, 2022 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital defect in neonates. Infants with CHD often have more nutritional difficulties, but currently, there is no unified Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) for infants and young children aged 7-24 months in China. Therefore, we designed this study to assess the reliability and validity of the FFQ and feeding index for 7-to 24-month-old children after congenital heart disease surgery. METHODS: From July to October 2018, infants and young children aged 7-24 months after congenital heart disease surgery in Guangzhou were selected. Participants were categorized into two groups, in the first group (n = 95), the FFQ was completed twice at intervals of 7-10 days to assess reproducibility. In the second group (n = 98), participants accomplished both the FFQ and the 24-h diet records from 3 consecutive days to assess validity. The score of the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and its qualified rate were caculated. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Spearman correlation coefficient (SCC) were calculated for reliability and validity, respectively. RESULTS: The average intraclass correlation coefficients and spearman correlation coefficient of the FFQ were 0.536 and 0.318, all with statistical significance except the frequency of meat added. The ICFI of the first group was 8.61 (± 3.20), the qualified rate was 0.06% (6/95). The intraclass correlation coefficients of the ICFI ranged from 0.374 to 0.958; and the spearman correlation of the ICFI was -0.066 to -0.834. CONCLUSIONS: The FFQ possesses satisfactory reliability and moderate validity. The reliability of the ICFI is acceptable, but the validity results are quite different, indicating that the questionnaire is limited in the evaluation of the ICFI.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Dieta , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Nutr J ; 21(1): 40, 2022 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) is an easy and inexpensive tool that can be used to evaluate nutrient and dietary trends of groups and individuals. Few studies in the East Mediterranean region tailored FFQs to describe dietary intakes of older adults. The purpose of the study is therefore to assess the validity and reproducibility of a FFQ, designed for use with older adults living in a Mediterranean Arabic speaking country, Lebanon. METHODS: The FFQ is composed of a list of 90 food items, commonly consumed by adults above 60 years of age. Validity of the FFQ was tested using the mean of two 24-hours dietary recalls (24HDR), and reproducibility, by repeating the questionnaire within a one-month period, along the second dietary recall. Our study included 42 and 76 participants, for the repoducibility and validity analysis respectively. Subjects were randomly selected from 2 of the 8 governorates in the country. RESULTS: FFQ reproducibility showed a mean relative difference of 1.03% without any significant difference between all paired components of nutrients. Intra class correlation (ICC) showed good and excellent reliability for caloric intake and all macronutrients, moderate to good reliability for all remaining nutrients, except for poly-unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins A, B12 and fibers. Correlation coefficients for all nutrients were fair to strong. Both administrations of the FFQ showed good internal validity. Validation of FFQ showed a mean relative difference between FFQ and mean 24HDR at 19.5%. Agreements between the 2 methods, for classifying individuals in the same or adjacent quartile, for nutrient intake and nutrient adequacy, were 80 and 78.2% respectively. Mean Kappa coefficient was 0.56 and energy-adjusted correlations were within the recommended values for all items except for vitamin A and B12. Adjusting for nutrient-dense food intake improved the agreement for theses 2 vitamins to 0.49 and 0.56, respectively. CONCLUSION: The proposed FFQ can be considered a valid tool to help describe nutrient intake of older individuals in an Arabic speaking Mediterranean country. It could serve for possible use in the East Mediterranean region for the evaluation of regular dietary intake of community-dwelling older adults.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Vida Independente , Idoso , Dieta , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Humanos , Líbano , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vitamina A , Vitaminas
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation can lead to the development of obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases. One of the factors causing inflammation is diet. The aim of this study was to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet, expressed by the DII index, in young physically active men. METHODS: A total of 94 physically active students aged 19-23 participated in the study. The subjects' diets were assessed on the basis of 4-day dietary records, which were then analyzed using the computer program "Diet 5.0". The DII was calculated for each participant based on the individual consumption of the selected dietary components. The concentration of CRP protein was also determined. RESULTS: Participants was divided into groups according to values of DII. Diets with different DIIs provided similar amounts of calories, but differed significantly in the content of many nutrients. Participants whose diets showed the most anti-inflammatory effects consumed significantly more protein, magnesium, iron, zinc, antioxidant vitamins, and B vitamins compared to others. The highest concentration of CRP protein was observed in men whose diet was described as the most pro-inflammatory (Q4 group). A significant relationship was found between DII and body fat (%) in men in the most anti-inflammatory (Q1 group) and neutral diet (Q2-Q3 group). CONCLUSIONS: The Dietary Inflammatory Index is a promising method of describing the effect of dietary intake on the risk of inflammation in young, healthy individuals engaging in regular physical activity.


Assuntos
Dieta , Inflamação , Doença Crônica , Registros de Dieta , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações
11.
Nutrients ; 14(11)2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684017

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop a digital photographic food atlas as a portion size estimation aid. Commonly consumed foods were identified from the 5512-day weighed dietary records of 644 Japanese adults. Portion sizes were determined based on the market research and distribution of food consumption in the dietary records. Each food item was classified into one of two photo types: a series of photographs showing gradually increasing portion sizes or guide photographs representing a range of portion sizes and food varieties in one photograph. Photographs of the food were taken at an angle of 42°, along with appropriate reference objects such as chopsticks. In total, 209 food and dish items were included in the food atlas. Series of photographs were taken for 105 items that are not usually served in predetermined amounts (e.g., rice and pasta), whereas guide photographs were taken for 104 items usually served in predetermined amounts (e.g., bananas and cookies). Moreover, photographs were taken for 12 kinds of household measurement items, such as cups and glasses. The food atlas could be a valuable tool for estimating the portion size in dietary surveys. Evaluating the validity of this food atlas for portion size estimation is warranted.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Tamanho da Porção , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Energia , Japão , Fotografação
12.
Nutrients ; 14(11)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684114

RESUMO

Analyzing pregnant women's iron intake using dietary patterns would provide information that considers dietary relationships with other nutrients and their sources. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and relative validity of a Qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire to identify iron-related dietary patterns (FeP-FFQ) among Mexican pregnant women. A convenience sample of pregnant women (n = 110) completed two FeP-FFQ (FeP-FFQ1 and FeP-FFQ2) and a 3-day diet record (3DDR). Foods appearing in the 3DDR were classified into the same food groupings as the FeP-FFQ, and most consumed foods were identified. Exploratory factor analysis was used to determine dietary patterns. Scores were compared (FeP-FFQ for reproducibility and FeP-FFQ1 vs. 3DDR for validity) through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), cross-classification, Bland-Altman analysis, and weighed Cohen kappa (κw), using dietary patterns scores tertiles. Two dietary patterns were identified: "healthy" and "processed foods and dairy". ICCs (p < 0.01) for "healthy" pattern and "processed foods and dairy" pattern were 0.76 for and 0.71 for reproducibility, and 0.36 and 0.37 for validity, respectively. Cross-classification and Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement for reproducibility and validity; κw values showed moderate agreement for reproducibility and low agreement for validity. In conclusion, the FeP-FFQ showed good indicators of reproducibility and validity to identify dietary patterns related to iron intake among pregnant women.


Assuntos
Ferro , Gestantes , Dieta , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Fast Foods , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565736

RESUMO

Monitoring nutritional intake is of clinical value, but few existing tools offer electronic dietary recording, instant nutritional analysis, and a platform connecting healthcare teams with patients that provides timely, personalised support. This feasibility randomised controlled trial tests the usability of 'myfood24 Healthcare', a dietary assessment app and healthcare professional website, in two clinical populations. Patients were recruited from a weight management programme (n21) and from a group of gastroenterology surgery outpatients (n = 27). They were randomised into three groups: standard care, myfood24, or myfood24 + diet optimisation (automated suggestions for dietary improvement). The participants were asked to record their diet at least four times over eight weeks. During the study, healthcare professionals viewed recorded dietary information to facilitate discussions about diet and nutritional targets. The participants provided feedback on usability and acceptability. A total of 48 patients were recruited, and 16 were randomised to each of the three groups. Compliance among app users (n = 32) was reasonable, with 25 (78%) using it at least once and 16 (50%) recording intake for four days or more. Among users, the mean (standard deviation) number of days used was 14.0 (17.5), and the median (interquartile range) was six (2.5-17.0) over 2 months. Feedback questionnaires were completed by only 23 of 46 participants (50%). The mean System Usability Score (n = 16) was 59 (95% confidence interval, 48-70). Patient and healthcare professional feedback indicates a need for more user training and the improvement of some key app features such as the food search function. This feasibility study shows that myfood24 Healthcare is acceptable for patients and healthcare professionals. These data will inform app refinements and its application in a larger clinical effectiveness trial.


Assuntos
Dieta , Cooperação do Paciente , Registros de Dieta , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565927

RESUMO

The specific forms of 24 h dietary recall used by national nutrition surveys differ, such as two non-consecutive days and three consecutive days. However, it is unclear which form of 24 h dietary recall is more accurate in the Chinese population. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of 24 h recalls on two consecutive days (C2), three consecutive days (C3), two non-consecutive days (NC2), and three non-consecutive days (NC3) in estimating Chinese adult dietary intake. A total of 595 participants completed more than twenty-three 24 h recalls. The average of all completed 24 h recalls of each subject was defined as the individual's true dietary intake. The dietary intake in the four scenarios of 24 h recalls was calculated using the within-person mean (WPM) method and National Cancer Institute (NCI) method and compared with the true values. Equivalent testing was used to evaluate whether scenarios NC2 and C3 were equivalent. Bias and mean bias were used as a measure of precision and accuracy, respectively. For the WPM method, the precision between the four scenarios was similar. For mean, the accuracy between the four scenarios was similar, yielding estimates that were close to the true intakes. However, for percentiles, the accuracy in descending order was scenario NC3, C3, NC2, and C2. Furthermore, the difference between two and three days was greater than that between consecutive and non-consecutive days. In most case, the distribution of dietary intakes calculated from scenarios NC2 and C3 was equivalent with equivalence margins of 5% (p < 0.05). Usually, the NCI method was significantly more accurate than the WPM method. We concluded that three non-consecutive 24 h recalls relative to three consecutive days increases accuracy. Two non-consecutive days can be substituted to some extent for three consecutive days. The new form of 24 h recall needs to be used with caution when applied practically in the China nutrition surveys. Furthermore, using the NCI method to calculate dietary intake from 24 h recall may be a way to reduce costs and increase accuracy.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Adulto , Registros de Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Rememoração Mental , Inquéritos Nutricionais
15.
Nutr J ; 21(1): 34, 2022 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the first study on dietary intakes of infants and young children in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, a region that is currently witnessing the nutrition transition. It aims at characterizing food consumption patterns amongst 0-4 year old children in Lebanon, evaluating their macro- and micronutrient intakes and assessing adherence to dietary recommendations. METHODS: Based on a national cross-sectional survey in 2012 (n = 866), the study collected data on sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, and one 24-hour dietary recall was administered. Nutrient intakes were compared with reference values: Estimated Average Requirement (EAR), Adequate Intake (AI) and Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR). RESULTS: Milk was the highest contributor to energy intake (EI) in infants (95.8 and 56.5% in 0-5.9 months and 6-11.9 months old infants, respectively), while its intake was lower among toddlers and preschoolers (35.4 and 15.1%, respectively). In contrast, intakes of sweets and sweetened beverages were the highest in preschoolers compared to younger children, contributing 18.5% EI in preschoolers. Compared to dietary guidelines, the lowest dietary adherence was found for vegetables (17.8-20.7%) and fruits (14.4-34.3%). Protein intake was within the recommendations for the vast majority of children. Although total fat intake was lower in toddlers and preschoolers compared to infants, more than 40% of toddlers and preschoolers exceeded the AMDR for fat and 87.3% of preschoolers exceeded the upper limit for saturated fat. Only 3.6% of toddlers and 11.5% of preschoolers exceeded the AI level for dietary fiber. Micronutrient intake assessment showed that mean intakes in infants exceeded the AI for all micronutrients, except for vitamin D and magnesium. In toddlers, vitamin D and calcium were below the EAR among 84.7, and 44.6%, respectively. In preschoolers, most of the children (91.9%) had inadequate intakes of vitamin D, and a third had inadequate intakes of folate, calcium and vitamin A. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified priority issues for nutrition intervention in infants and young children in Lebanon. Concerted multi-stakeholder efforts are needed to instill heathier food consumption and nutrient intake patterns early in life.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , Ingestão de Alimentos , Necessidades Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Recomendações Nutricionais , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/normas , Registros de Dieta , Dieta Saudável/normas , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Líbano , Micronutrientes , Nutrientes , Avaliação Nutricional , Valores de Referência , Vitaminas
16.
J Nutr ; 152(7): 1763-1772, 2022 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35554563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Validation of the EAT-Lancet reference diet (ELR-diet), recently proposed by the EAT-Lancet Commission, within the context of real-life studies is necessary to elucidate its feasibility, nutritional value, sustainability, and health effects. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a dietary index (DI) score to measure adherence to the ELR-diet. We further aimed to study the association between the DI score and 1) nutritional characteristics, 2) indicators of ecological sustainability, and 3) anthropometric markers and biomarkers for cardiometabolic health. METHODS: A DI score was constructed by comparing the categories defined by the ELR-diet with the dietary data of 2-5 sets of 3-d weighed dietary records from DONALD (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinal Designed) study participants (n = 298; ≥15 y of age). Prospective associations between the DI score and risk markers (anthropometric and cardiometabolic) in young adulthood (≥18 y old) were investigated using multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: Adherence to the DI score components was considerable (majority > 50%), but varied within the population (2%-100%). The highest tertile of the DI score was inversely associated with the intake of protein (tertile 3 compared with tertile 1: 13.5 compared with 14.5 energy %), added sugars (10.5 compared with 12.4 energy %), and cholesterol (100 compared with 116 mg/1000 kcal), but positively associated with fiber intake (10.0 compared with 8.82 g/1000 kcal) (all P < 0.05). The DI score was inversely associated with greenhouse-gas emissions (tertile 1 compared with tertile 3: 6.48 compared with 5.85 kg of carbon dioxide equivalents/2500 kcal; P < 0.001) and land use (8.24 compared with 7.16 m2 × y/2500 kcal; P < 0.001). Inverse associations between the DI score and anthropometric markers during young adulthood were observed (e.g., BMI: tertile 1 compared with tertile 3: 22.9 compared with 21.9 kg/m2; P = 0.03) (all P < 0.05). No associations between the DI score and cardiometabolic risk markers were found (all P ≥ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to the ELR-diet was associated with favorable nutritional characteristics and reduced environmental impact. Adherence to the DI score in adolescence was also beneficial with respect to anthropometric markers in early adulthood, although not for further cardiometabolic risk markers.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Dieta , Adolescente , Adulto , Antropometria , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Registros de Dieta , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(7)2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408366

RESUMO

Humans are creatures of habit, and hence one would expect habitual components in our diet. However, there is scant research characterizing habitual behavior in food consumption quantitatively. Longitudinal food diaries contributed by app users are a promising resource to study habitual behavior in food selection. We developed computational measures that leverage recurrence in food choices to describe the habitual component. The relative frequency and span of individual food choices are computed and used to identify recurrent choices. We proposed metrics to quantify the recurrence at both food-item and meal levels. We obtained the following insights by employing our measures on a public dataset of food diaries from MyFitnessPal users. Food-item recurrence is higher than meal recurrence. While food-item recurrence increases with the average number of food-items chosen per meal, meal recurrence decreases. Recurrence is the strongest at breakfast, weakest at dinner, and higher on weekdays than on weekends. Individuals with relatively high recurrence on weekdays also have relatively high recurrence on weekends. Our quantitatively observed trends are intuitive and aligned with common notions surrounding habitual food consumption. As a potential impact of the research, profiling habitual behaviors using the proposed recurrent consumption measures may reveal unique opportunities for accessible and sustainable dietary interventions.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Refeições , Dieta , Registros de Dieta , Hábitos , Humanos
18.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 42(1)Abr. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204592

RESUMO

Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the main types ofcancer in women. Previous studies assessed the relationshipbetween diet and breast cancer risk, however, studies thatevaluate the relationship between diet and mammographicfindings are scarce. Aim: To evaluate the association between dietary patternsand mammographic findings of women monitored by a mas-tology service of the Brazilian Unified Health System. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study that eval-uated data from 504 women. Two 24-hour dietary recallswere applied and dietary patterns were identified by principalcomponent factor analysis. The mammography reports wereclassified into normal and altered mammographic findings. Logistic regression models were applied to evaluate the asso-ciation between dietary patterns and mammographic findings.The analyses were performed in the software Stata and R andconsidered significant values of p <0.05. Results: Three dietary patterns was identified: “traditionalBrazilian” (rice, beans, red meat, breads, oils and fats andcoffees and teas), “Western” (sugar sweetened beverages, eggs, cakes, pies and cookies, fast-food snacks and, sweetsand desserts) and “prudent” (whole grains, fruits, vegetables,tubers and their products, dairy and chicken). Women withless adherence (OR 0.54 CI 95% 0.30:0.95) to the “traditionalBrazilian” dietary pattern had 46% lower odds for having al-tered mammographic findings. No associations were foundbetween “Western” and “prudent” dietary patterns with mam-mographic findings.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama , Dieta , Mamografia , Registros de Dieta , Brasil , 52503 , Estudos Transversais
19.
Nutrients ; 14(8)2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458157

RESUMO

Analysis of dietary patterns and their role in long-term health is limited in phenylketonuria (PKU). Food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) are commonly used to assess habitual intake. A semi-quantitative 89-item FFQ with a portion size photographic booklet was developed for children with PKU as a tool for collecting data on habitual intake of foods, food groups, energy and macronutrient intake. Twenty children with PKU aged 11-16 years, 30 parents of children with PKU aged 4-10 years, and 50 age/gender-matched control children were recruited. To test reproducibility, FFQs were completed twice with a mean interval of 5 weeks (range: 4-10). In order to test validity, FFQs were compared with five 24-h dietary recalls with a mean interval of 10 days (range: 6-18). Energy and macronutrient intake and quantity/week of individual food items were calculated and compared. There was good reproducibility for the FFQ with macronutrient correlations r > 0.6 and good validity data with most correlations r > 0.5. Bland-Altman plots for reproducibility and validity showed mean levels close to 0 and usually within 2 standard deviations. FFQ comparisons of PKU and control groups identified expected differences in % energy from macronutrients (PKU vs. control: carbohydrate 59% vs. 51%, fat 26% vs. 33%, protein 15% vs. 16%). This FFQ for PKU produced comparable data to repeated dietary recalls and is a valid tool for collecting data on habitual food and nutrient intake. It will be useful in assessing changes in dietary phenylalanine tolerance of new pharmacological treatments for PKU.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Criança , Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Nutrients ; 14(6)2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334813

RESUMO

During recent years, the integration of technology has substantially improved self-reported dietary assessment methods, such as food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), food records, and 24-h recalls. To further reduce measurement error, additional innovations are urgently needed. Memory-related measurement error is one of the aspects that warrants attention, which is where new smartphone technologies and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) approaches provide a unique opportunity. In this article, we describe the DIASS study, which was designed to evaluate an innovative 2-h recall (2hR) smartphone-based methodology, against traditional 24-h recalls, FFQ, and biomarkers, to assess both actual and habitual dietary intake. It is hypothesized that a 2-h reporting window decreases reliance on memory and reporting burden, and increases data accuracy. We included 215 men (28%) and women (72%), with a mean ± SD age of 39 ± 19 years and a mean ± SD BMI of 23.8 ± 4.0. Most participants were highly educated (58%). Response rates for the various dietary assessment methods were >90%. Besides the evaluation of the accuracy, usability, and perceived burden of the 2hR methodology, the study set-up also allows for (further) evaluation of the other administrated dietary assessment tools.


Assuntos
Dieta , Avaliação Nutricional , Adulto , Registros de Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Avaliação Momentânea Ecológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...