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1.
Gene ; 720: 144094, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476407

RESUMO

Fourteen different insertion sequences belonging to seven families were identified in the genome of Streptococcus agalactiae. Among them, IS1548, a mobile element of the ISAs1 family, was linked to clonal complex (CC) 19 strains associated with neonatal meningitis and endocarditis. IS1548 impacts S. agalactiae in two reported ways: i) inactivation of virulence genes by insertion in an open reading frame (e.g. hylB or cpsD), ii) positive modulation of the expression of a downstream gene by insertion in an intergenic region (e.g. lmb). We previously identified an unknown integration site of IS1548 in the intergenic region between the folK and the murB genes involved in folate and peptidoglycan biosynthesis, respectively. In this work, we analyzed the prevalence of IS1548 in a large collection of nine hundred and eleven S. agalactiae strains. IS1548 positive strains belong to twenty-nine different sequence types and to ten CCs. The majority of them were, however, clustered within sequence type 19 and sequence type 22, belonging to CC19 and CC22, respectively. In contrast, IS1548 targets the folK-murB intergenic region exclusively in CC19 strains. We evaluated the impact of the insertion of IS1548 on the expression of murB by locating transcriptional promoters influencing its expression in the presence or absence of IS1548 and by comparative ß-galactosidase transcriptional fusion assays. We found that in the absence of IS1548, genes involved in folate biosynthesis are co-transcribed with murB. As it was postulated that a folic acid mediated reaction may be involved in cell wall synthesis, this co-transcription could be necessary to synchronize these two processes. The insertion of IS1548 in the folK-murB intergenic region disrupt this co-transcription. Interestingly, we located a promoter at the right end of IS1548 that is able to initiate additional transcripts of murB. The insertion of IS1548 in this region has thus a dual and divergent impact on the expression of murB. By comparative ß-galactosidase transcriptional fusion assays, we showed that, consequently, the overall impact of the insertion of IS1548 results in a minor decrease of murB gene transcription. This study provides new insights into gene expression effects mediated by IS1548 in S. agalactiae.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , DNA Intergênico , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Sequências Repetitivas Dispersas , Mutagênese Insercional , Peptidoglicano/biossíntese , Streptococcus agalactiae/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Streptococcus agalactiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Streptococcus agalactiae/metabolismo
2.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 127, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375931

RESUMO

Aeromonas hydrophila is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes serious infections in aquaculture and exhibits significant multidrug resistance. The LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) family proteins are a well-known group of transcriptional regulators involved in diverse physiological functions. However, the role of LTTRs in the regulation of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is still largely unknown. In this study, to further investigate the role of four putative LTTR family proteins (A0KIU1, A0KJ82, A0KPK0, and A0KQ63) in antibiotic resistance in A. hydrophila, their genes were cloned and overexpressed in engineered Escherichia coli. After the optimization of experimental conditions including incubation time, temperature, and IPTG concentration, these proteins were successfully purified, and their specific antibodies against mice were obtained. Using western blot analysis, we found that these LTTR family proteins were downregulated in A. hydrophila following antibiotic treatment, indicating that they may be involved in the regulation of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays of chloramphenicol (CM), chlortetracycline (CTC), ciprofloxacin (CF), furazolidone (FZ), and balofloxacin (BF) in E. coli showed that overexpression of these LTTRs led to increased sensitivity to several antibiotics. To further validate their functional role in antibiotic resistance, we demonstrated that bacteria with loss of A0KQ63 (ΔAHA_3980) exhibited multi-drug resistance properties. Our results indicate that these LTTR family proteins may play an important role in the antibiotic resistance of A. hydrophila, and the that underlying mechanisms controlling antibiotic resistance should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Aeromonas hydrophila/efeitos dos fármacos , Aeromonas hydrophila/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reguladores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Western Blotting , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fatores de Transcrição/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
3.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 130, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385043

RESUMO

Bacterial biofilms (BFs) are membrane-like structures formed by the secretion of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) by bacteria. The formation of BFs contributes to bacterial survival and drug resistance. When bacteria proliferate, they produce secondary metabolites that act as signaling molecules in bacterial communities that regulate intracellular and cell-to-cell communication. This communication can directly affect the physiological behavior of bacteria, including the production and emission of light (bioluminescence), the expression of virulence factors, the resistance to antibiotics, and the shift between planktonic and biofilm lifestyles. We review the major signaling molecules that regulate BF formation, with a focus on quorum-sensing systems (QS), cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP), two-component systems (TCS), and small RNA (sRNA). Understanding these processes will lead to new approaches for treating chronic diseases and preventing bacterial resistance.


Assuntos
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Transdução de Sinais , Bactérias/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/análogos & derivados , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Percepção de Quorum , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo
4.
J Microbiol ; 57(9): 781-794, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452043

RESUMO

The phytopathogenic Burkholderia species B. glumae and B. plantarii are the causal agents of bacterial wilt, grain rot, and seedling blight, which threaten the rice industry globally. Toxoflavin and tropolone are produced by these phytopathogens and are considered the most hostile biohazards with a broad spectrum of target organisms. However, despite their nonspecific toxicity, the effects of toxoflavin and tropolone on bacteria remain unknown. RNA-seq based transcriptome analysis was employed to determine the genome-wide expression patterns under phytotoxin treatment. Expression of 2327 and 830 genes was differentially changed by toxoflavin and tropolone, respectively. Enriched biological pathways reflected the down-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation and ribosome function, beginning with the inhibition of membrane biosynthesis and nitrogen metabolism under oxidative stress or iron starvation. Conversely, several systems such as bacterial chemotaxis, flagellar assembly, biofilm formation, and sulfur/taurine transporters were highly expressed as countermeasures against the phytotoxins. In addition, our findings revealed that three hub genes commonly induced by both phytotoxins function as the siderophore enterobactin, an iron-chelator. Our study provides new insights into the effects of phytotoxins on bacteria for better understanding of the interactions between phytopathogens and other microorganisms. These data will also be applied as a valuable source in subsequent applications against phytotoxins, the major virulence factor.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Burkholderia/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Pirimidinonas/toxicidade , Triazinas/toxicidade , Tropolona/toxicidade , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Burkholderia/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/microbiologia , Pirimidinonas/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Triazinas/metabolismo , Tropolona/metabolismo
5.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(8): 1500-1510, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441621

RESUMO

MarR family transcription regulators are ubiquitous among bacteria and archaea. They extensively control multiple cellular processes and elaborately regulate the expression of genes involved in virulence, stress response and antibiotics at translational level. In Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, insertional inactivation of MarR family transcription regulator HpaR (XC2827) resulted in significantly decrease in virulence and increase in the production of the extracellular proteases. Here, we reported that the genome of Xcc 8004 encodes nine MarR family transcription regulators. The MarR family transcription regulators, HpaR (XC2827) and XC0449, were heterologous expressed and purified. In vitro MST and Pull-down assay confirmed the physical interaction between HpaR and XC0449. Phenotypical assay determined that deletion of XC0449 resulted in substantial virulence attenuation. In vitro EMSA, in vivo qRT-PCR and GUS activity assay identified that HpaR and XC0449 coordinately act as the transcriptional activator to regulate the expression of the virulence-associated gene XC0705, and eventually control the bacterial virulence and the production of extracellular proteases.


Assuntos
Xanthomonas campestris , Proteínas de Bactérias , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Transcrição , Virulência
6.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(9): 140, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451938

RESUMO

Pseudomonas species are the most versatile of all known bacteria for metabolic flexibility and the extent of host range from plants to humans that remains unmatched. The evolution of diverse metabolic strategies in these species to adapt to the fluctuating environment guarantees high fitness as well as the ability to withstand stress at multiple levels. These abilities in Pseudomonas species are imprinted by an adaptable genetic repertoire through the integration of external and internal signals via complex regulatory networks. One of the main regulatory networks that lead to optimal growth, survival and cellular robustness is the phenomenon of carbon catabolite repression (CCR). Even though a large array of information is available, the molecular machinery and the mechanism of CCR in Pseudomonas are distinctly diverse from Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In Pseudomonas, the Crc and Hfq proteins, CbrAB two-component systems and the CrcZ/CrcY small RNA are key components of CCR. The main focus of this review is to elucidate the mechanism of CCR and the accessories involved in regulation of preferred carbon source utilisation over non-preferred ones and how CCR influences the virulence, antibiotic resistance, bioremediation and plant growth promotion pathways. Furthermore, we have also tried to shed some light on the "omics" approaches which can provide deep mechanistic insights into the regulation of CCR. Understanding the mechanistic picture of key regulatory entities and mechanism responsible for metabolic flexibility will create opportunities for exploitation of these versatile prokaryotes in several biotechnological processes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Repressão Catabólica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , RNA Bacteriano/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Carbono/metabolismo , Fator Proteico 1 do Hospedeiro/genética , Pseudomonas/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo
7.
Microbiol Res ; 227: 126309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421713

RESUMO

The phosphorus availability in soil ranged from <0.01 to 1 ppm and found limiting for the utilization by plants. Hence, phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) proficiently fulfill the phosphorus requirement of plants in an eco-friendly manner. The PSB encounter dynamic and challenging environmental conditions viz., high temperature, osmotic, acid, and climatic changes often hamper their activity and proficiency. The modern trend is shifting from isolation of the PSB to their genetic potentials and genome annotation not only for their better performance in the field trials but also to study their ability to cope up with stresses. In order to withstand environmental stress, bacteria need to restructure its metabolic network to ensure its survival. Pi starving condition response regulator (PhoB) and the mediator of stringent stress response alarmone (p)ppGpp known to regulate the global regulatory network of bacteria to provide balanced physiology under various stress condition. The current review discusses the global regulation and crosstalk of genes involved in phosphorus homeostasis, solubilization, and various stress response to fine tune the bacterial physiology. The knowledge of these network crosstalk help bacteria to respond efficiently to the challenging environmental parameters, and their physiological plasticity lead us to develop proficient long-lasting consortia for plant growth promotion.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Guanosina Pentafosfato/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Bactérias/genética , Plasticidade Celular , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Homeostase , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Nitrogênio , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Plantas , Solo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
8.
Microbiol Res ; 227: 126292, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421719

RESUMO

Azotobacter chroococcum (Az) and Trichoderma viride (Tv) represent agriculturally important and beneficial plant growth promoting options which contribute towards nutrient management and biocontrol, respectively. When Az and Tv are co-cultured, they form a biofilm, which has proved promising as an inoculant in several crops; however, the basic aspects related to regulation of biofilm formation were not investigated. Therefore, whole transcriptome sequencing (Illumina NextSeq500) and gene expression analyses were undertaken, related to biofilm formation vis a vis Tv and Az growing individually. Significant changes in the transcriptome profiles of biofilm were recorded and validated through qPCR analyses. In-depth evaluation also identified several genes (phoA, phoB, glgP, alg8, sipW, purB, pssA, fadD) specifically involved in biofilm formation in Az, Tv and Tv-Az. Genes coding for RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, ABC transporters, translation elongation factor EF-1, molecular chaperones and double homeobox 4 were either up-regulated or down-regulated during biofilm formation. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the modulation of gene expression in an agriculturally beneficial association, as a biofilm. Our results provide insights into the regulatory factors involved during biofilm formation, which can help to improve the beneficial effects and develop more effective and promising plant- microbe associations.


Assuntos
Azotobacter/genética , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Interações Microbianas/genética , Transcriptoma , Trichoderma/genética , Técnicas de Cocultura , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Genes Fúngicos/genética , Interações Microbianas/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Plantas/microbiologia , Regulação para Cima
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3005, 2019 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285450

RESUMO

How the stressosome, the epicenter of the stress response in bacteria, transmits stress signals from the environment has remained elusive. The stressosome consists of multiple copies of three proteins RsbR, RsbS and RsbT, a kinase that is important for its activation. Using cryo-electron microscopy, we determined the atomic organization of the Listeria monocytogenes stressosome at 3.38 Å resolution. RsbR and RsbS are organized in a 60-protomers truncated icosahedron. A key phosphorylation site on RsbR (T209) is partially hidden by an RsbR flexible loop, whose "open" or "closed" position could modulate stressosome activity. Interaction between three glutamic acids in the N-terminal domain of RsbR and the membrane-bound mini-protein Prli42 is essential for Listeria survival to stress. Together, our data provide the atomic model of the stressosome core and highlight a loop important for stressosome activation, paving the way towards elucidating the mechanism of signal transduction by the stressosome in bacteria.


Assuntos
Complexos Multienzimáticos/ultraestrutura , Fosfoproteínas/ultraestrutura , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/ultraestrutura , Estresse Fisiológico , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Listeria monocytogenes/fisiologia , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Domínios Proteicos/fisiologia , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Fator sigma/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
10.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 115, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332542

RESUMO

Antibiotic and arsenic (As) contaminations are worldwide public health problems. Previously, the bacterial ABC-type efflux protein MacAB reportedly conferred resistance to macrolide-type antibiotics but not to other metal(loid)s. In this study, the roles of MacAB for the co-resistance of different antibiotics and several metal(loid)s were analyzed in Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5A, a strain resistant to arsenite [As(III)] and several types of antibiotics. The macA and macB genes were cotranscribed, and macB was deleted in A. tumefaciens 5A and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli AW3110 and E. coli S17-1. Compared to the wild-type strain 5A, the macB deletion strain reduced bacterial resistance levels to several macrolide-type and penicillin-type antibiotics but not to cephalosporin-type antibiotics. In addition, the macB deletion strain showed lower resistance to As(III) but not to arsenate [As(V)], antimonite [Sb(III)] and cadmium chloride [Cd(II)]. The mutant strain 5A-ΔmacB cells accumulated more As(III) than the cells of the wild-type. Furthermore, heterologous expression of MacAB in E. coli S17-1 showed that MacAB was essential for resistance to macrolide, several penicillin-type antibiotics and As(III) but not to As(V). Heterologous expression of MacAB in E. coli AW3110 reduced the cellular accumulation of As(III) but not of As(V), indicating that MacAB is responsible for the efflux of As(III). These results demonstrated that, in addition to macrolide-type antibiotics, MacAB also conferred resistance to penicillin-type antibiotics and As(III) by extruding them out of cells. This finding contributes to a better understanding of the bacterial resistance mechanisms of antibiotics and metal(loid)s.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Agrobacterium tumefaciens/metabolismo , Arsenitos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cefalosporinas/farmacologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Eritromicina/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Penicilinas/farmacologia
11.
Gene ; 715: 144008, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362038

RESUMO

Deinococcus radiodurans is a model microorganism used for studies on DNA repair and antioxidation due to its extraordinary tolerance to ionizing radiation and other DNA-damaging agents. Various transcriptome analyses have revealed that hundreds of genes are induced and that many other genes are repressed during recovery of D. radiodurans following irradiation, suggesting that gene regulation is of great importance for the extreme resistance of this microorganism to ionizing radiation. In this article, we focus on some reported strategies that are employed by D. radiodurans to regulate the genes implicated in its extreme tolerance to ionizing radiation for a comprehensive understanding of the reasons this bacterium can survive such extraordinary stress. We expect this review to shed light on potential radioprotective agents and applications for use in a range of fields.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/efeitos da radiação , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Deinococcus/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Tolerância a Radiação , Radiação Ionizante , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Deinococcus/genética
12.
Gene ; 713: 143951, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269464

RESUMO

Rifampicin (RIF) is still a first line of antibiotic in the treatment of bacterial diseases, in particular the Mycobacterial infections. The antimicrobial activity of RIF is attributed to its ability to inhibit transcription by binding to the ß subunit of bacterial RNA polymerase (encoded by rpoB). Continued use of this drug resulted in the emergence of RIF resistant rpoB mutations in a high frequency that compels the use of RIF almost exclusively in drug combinations. As of date, a broad array of rif mutations have been isolated and characterized by different research groups. Studies on rpoB mutations strengthen the view that the ß subunit of RNA polymerase (RNAP) is very crucial in modulating transcription thereby leading to differential gene expression. Very recently we have reported the transcriptome profile of rpoB12 mutant that provides molecular evidence that presence of rpoB12 mutation modulates the transcription of about 450 genes. Here we present a maiden report that rpoB mutations that substitute Tyr at the Rif binding pocket (RBP) of ß subunit of RNA polymerase are able to suppress the over-production of colanic acid capsular polysaccharide (Ces phenotype) in Δlon mutant of Escherichia coli. Further analyses of the rif mutants involving their growth pattern on LB at higher temperature (42 °C), LB media without NaCl, survival in LB media with acidic pH (pH - 3) and motility revealed that only rpoB12 (His526Tyr) and rpoB137 (Ser522Tyr) affected all the above mentioned physiological parameters in addition to the elicitation of Ces phenotype. These two rif mutations confer fast movement to RNAP and they bear Tyr as the substituted amino acid in the RBP. This is perhaps the first study that brings out the possible role of Tyr in the RBP and its participation in the global gene expression. This study also envisages the point that amino acid residues that share the properties of Tyr in the RBP can be employed as a tool to bring out differential gene expression which would certainly have basic and applied values for the mankind.


Assuntos
RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Mutação , Rifampina/farmacologia , Tirosina/metabolismo , Antibióticos Antituberculose/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fenótipo , RNA Bacteriano , Tirosina/genética
13.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 122, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346836

RESUMO

To promote enzymatic unhairing for leather production, a new unhairing enzyme is developed. The Keratinase (kerT) gene, which is amplified from B. amyloliquefaciens TCCC11319 by PCR, is expressed in B. subtilis WB600. The recombinant KerT reduces the collagenolytic protease content as well as improving the keratinase content effectively. Therefore, the improved keratinase leads to the obviously unhairing effect, whereas the low collagenolytic protease ensures the integrity of collagen fibers in hide. It represents, the leather grain surface isn't destroyed thereby the value of finished leather can be maintained. In addition, by analyzing the properties of KerT, tits activity isn't inhibited with Na+, K+ and Ca2+ which are commonly used in leather production. The freeze-dried fermentation broth can be used directly as unhairing enzyme without addition of traditional sulfide chemicals. By evaluating the properties of unhaired hide, the results show that the collagen degradation ability of this new unhairing enzyme is slightly and it does not cause any adverse effects on the leather quality. Besides, this unhairing enzyme doesn't further degrade collagen in the time range of 8 h to 24 h, thus it is safely and easy-control in actual production. In conclusion, the enzymatic unhairing method with recombinant KerT has the potential to be more sustainable and efficient alternative than current sulphur-lime method, and it does not require the further purification thereby saving the cost.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Bacillus subtilis/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Fragmentação do DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Fermentação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
14.
Microbiol Res ; 226: 10-18, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284939

RESUMO

Microbial oxidation of antimonite [Sb(III)] to antimonate [Sb(V)] is a detoxification process which contributes to Sb(III) resistance. Antimonite oxidase AnoA is essential for Sb(III) oxidation, however, the regulation mechanism is still unknown. Recently, we found that the expressions of phosphate transporters were induced by Sb(III) using proteomics analysis in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4, thus, we predicted that the phosphate regulator PhoB may regulate bacterial Sb(III) oxidation and resistance. In this study, comprehensive analyses were performed and the results showed that (1) Genomic analysis revealed two phoB (named as phoB1 and phoB2) and one phoR gene in strain GW4; (2) Reporter gene assay showed that both phoB1 and phoB2 were induced in low phosphate condition (50 µM), but only phoB2 was induced by Sb(III); (3) Genes knock-out/complementation, Sb(III) oxidation and Sb(III) resistance tests showed that deletion of phoB2 significantly inhibited the expression of anoA and decreased bacterial Sb(III) oxidation efficiency and Sb(III) resistant. In contrast, deletion of phoB1 did not obviously affect anoA's expression level and Sb(III) oxidation/resistance; (4) A putative Pho motif was predicted in several A. tumefaciens strains and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) showed that PhoB2 could bind with the promoter sequence of anoA; (5) Site-directed mutagenesis and short fragment EMSA revealed the exact DNA binding sequence for the protein-DNA interaction. These results showed that PhoB2 positively regulates Sb(III) oxidation and PhoB2 is also associated with Sb(III) resistance. Such regulation mechanism may provide a great contribution for bacterial survival in the environment with Sb and for bioremediation application.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/metabolismo , Antimônio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética , Arsenitos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/fisiologia , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Deleção de Genes , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Oxirredução , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/metabolismo , Proteômica
15.
Microbiol Res ; 226: 19-26, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284940

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common pathogens associated with nosocomial infections and a great concern to immunocompromised individuals especially in the cases of cystic fibrosis, AIDS and burn wounds. The pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa is largely directed by the quorum sensing (QS) system. Hence, QS may be considered an important therapeutic target to combat P. aeruginosa infections. The anti-quorum sensing and anti-biofilm efficacy of aromatic aldehyde, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) against P. aeruginosa PAO1 were assessed. At the sub-inhibitory concentration, 5-HMF suppressed the production of QS-controlled virulence phenotypes and biofilm formation in P. aeruginosa. It was also able to significantly enhance the survival rate of C. elegans infected with P. aeruginosa. The in silico studies revealed that 5-HMF could serve as a competitive inhibitor for the auto-inducer molecules as it exhibited a strong affinity for the regulatory proteins of the QS-circuits i.e. LasR and RhlR. In addition, a significant down-regulation in the expression of QS-related genes was observed suggesting the ability of 5-HMF in mitigating the pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias , Caenorhabditis elegans , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Furaldeído/farmacologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Percepção de Quorum/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transativadores , Virulência/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Virulência
16.
Microbiol Res ; 226: 34-40, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284942

RESUMO

Carotenoid composition has been studied in mesophilic, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120 grown photoautotrophically, under diazotrophic conditions at four different temperatures (15 °C, 23 °C, 30 °C and 37 °C). The relative accumulation of chlorophyll, carotenoids and proteins was the highest at temperature of 23 °C. At a suboptimal temperature (15 °C) ß-carotene was the dominant carotenoid compound, whereas the increase in temperature caused ketocarotenoids (echinenone, canthaxanthin, keto-myxoxanthophyll) to accumulate. A significant increase in the accumulation of phytoene synthase (CrtB) transcript was observed at both extreme growth temperatures (15 °C and 37 °C). The relative amount of ß-carotene ketolase (CrtW) transcript directly corresponded to the accumulation of its product (keto-myxoxanthophyll) with a maximum at 30 °C and a profound decrease at 37 °C, whereas the transcription level of ß-carotene ketolase (CrtO) was significantly decreased only at a suboptimal temperature (15 °C). These results show that temperature affects the functioning of the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in Anabaena cells under photoautotrophic growth. Specifically, the balance between ß-carotene and ketocarotenoids is altered according to temperature conditions. The transcriptional regulation of genes encoding enzymes active both at the early (CrtB) and the final steps (CrtO, CrtW) of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway may participate in the acclimation mechanism of cyanobacteria to low and high temperatures.


Assuntos
Anabaena/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Anabaena/metabolismo , Carotenoides/biossíntese , Temperatura Ambiente , Anabaena/enzimologia , Anabaena/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Vias Biossintéticas/fisiologia , Cantaxantina , Clorofila/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Geranil-Geranildifosfato Geranil-Geraniltransferase/genética , Geranil-Geranildifosfato Geranil-Geraniltransferase/metabolismo , Oxigenases/genética , Oxigenases/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , beta Caroteno/biossíntese
17.
Microbiol Res ; 226: 48-54, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284944

RESUMO

The Burkholderia pseudomallei complex consists of six phylogenetically related Gram-negative bacterial species that include environmental saprophytes and mammalian pathogens. These microbes possess multiple type VI secretion systems (T6SS) that provide a fitness advantage in diverse niches by translocating effector molecules into prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in a contact-dependent manner. Several recent studies have elucidated the regulation and function of T6SS-2, a novel contact-independent member of the T6SS family. Expression of the T6SS-2 gene cluster is repressed by OxyR, Zur and TctR and is activated by GvmR and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The last two genes of the T6SS-2 gene cluster encode a zincophore (TseZ) and a manganeseophore (TseM) that are exported into the extracellular milieu in a contact-independent fashion when microbes encounter oxidative stress. TseZ and TseM bind Zn2+ and Mn2+, respectively, and deliver them to bacteria where they provide protection against the lethal effects of ROS. The TonB-dependent transporters that interact with TseZ and TseM, and actively transport Zn2+ and Mn2+ across the outer membrane, have also been identified. Finally, T6SS-2 provides a contact-independent growth advantage in nutrient limited environments and is critical for virulence in Galleria mellonella larvae, but is dispensable for virulence in rodent models of infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Burkholderia pseudomallei/genética , Burkholderia pseudomallei/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI/genética , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Burkholderia pseudomallei/classificação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reguladores/genética , Homeostase , Larva , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Metiltransferases , Família Multigênica , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Virulência/genética
18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3099, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308373

RESUMO

The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis exhibits complex spatial and temporal gene expression signals. Although optogenetic tools are ideal for studying such processes, none has been engineered for this organism. Here, we port a cyanobacterial light sensor pathway comprising the green/red photoreversible two-component system CcaSR, two metabolic enzymes for production of the chromophore phycocyanobilin (PCB), and an output promoter to control transcription of a gene of interest into B. subtilis. Following an initial non-functional design, we optimize expression of pathway genes, enhance PCB production via a translational fusion of the biosynthetic enzymes, engineer a strong chimeric output promoter, and increase dynamic range with a miniaturized photosensor kinase. Our final design exhibits over 70-fold activation and rapid response dynamics, making it well-suited to studying a wide range of gene regulatory processes. In addition, the synthetic biology methods we develop to port this pathway should make B. subtilis easier to engineer in the future.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Optogenética/métodos , Fitocromo/genética , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Luz , Ficobilinas/biossíntese , Ficocianina/biossíntese , Fitocromo/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2931, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270321

RESUMO

The virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen, is regulated by many transcriptional factors (TFs) that control the expression of quorum sensing and protein secretion systems. Here, we report a genome-wide, network-based approach to dissect the crosstalk between 20 key virulence-related TFs. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq), as well as RNA-seq, we identify 1200 TF-bound genes and 4775 differentially expressed genes. We experimentally validate 347 of these genes as functional target genes, and describe the regulatory relationships of the 20 TFs with their targets in a network that we call 'Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomic regulatory network' (PAGnet). Analysis of the network led to the identification of novel functions for two TFs (ExsA and GacA) in quorum sensing and nitrogen metabolism. Furthermore, we present an online platform and R package based on PAGnet to facilitate updating and user-customised analyses.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Bacteriano , Genômica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Virulência , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2868, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253770

RESUMO

Prokaryotes and eukaryotes alike endogenously generate the gaseous molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Bacterial H2S acts as a cytoprotectant against antibiotics-induced stress and promotes redox homeostasis. In E. coli, endogenous H2S production is primarily dependent on 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST), encoded by mstA. Here, we show that cells lacking 3MST acquire a phenotypic suppressor mutation resulting in compensatory H2S production and tolerance to antibiotics and oxidative stress. Using whole genome sequencing, we identified a non-synonymous mutation within an uncharacterized LacI-type transcription factor, ycjW. We then mapped regulatory targets of YcjW and discovered it controls the expression of carbohydrate metabolic genes and thiosulfate sulfurtransferase PspE. Induction of pspE expression in the suppressor strain provides an alternative mechanism for H2S biosynthesis. Our results reveal a complex interaction between carbohydrate metabolism and H2S production in bacteria and the role, a hitherto uncharacterized transcription factor, YcjW, plays in linking the two.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Mapeamento Cromossômico , DNA Bacteriano , Dissacarídeos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Ligação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro , Regulon , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
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