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1.
Gene ; 723: 144142, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589957

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an epigenetic alteration that may lead to carcinogenesis by silencing key tumor suppressor genes. Hypermethylation of the paired box gene 1 (PAX1) promoter is important in cervical cancer development. Here, PAX1 methylation levels were compared between Uyghur and Han patients with cervical lesions. Data on PAX1 methylation in different cervical lesions were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, whereas data on survival and PAX1 mRNA expression in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. MassARRAY spectrometry was used to detect methylation of 19 CpG sites in the promoter region of PAX1, whereas gene mass spectrograms were drawn by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction. PAX1 methylation in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and ICC was significantly higher than in normal tissues. PAX1 hypermethylation was associated with poor prognosis and reduced transcription. ICC-specific PAX1 promoter methylation involved distinct CpG sites in Uyghur and Han patients HPV16 infection in HSIL and ICC patient was significantly higher than in normal women (p < 0.05). Our study revealed a strong association between PAX1 methylation and the development of cervical cancer. Moreover, hypermethylation of distinct CpG sites may induce HSIL transformation into ICC in both Uyghur and Han patients. Our results suggest the existence of ethnic differences in the genetic susceptibility to cervical cancer. Finally, PAX1 methylation and HPV infection exhibited synergistic effects on cervical carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Metilação de DNA , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , China/etnologia , DNA Viral/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Regulação para Baixo , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
2.
Gene ; 723: 144126, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589963

RESUMO

Non-coding RNAs are known to participate in cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis by regulating the status of chromatin epigenetics and gene expression. Although these non-coding RNAs do not possess defined protein-coding potential, they are involved in the expression and stability of messenger RNA (mRNA). The length of microRNAs (miRs) ranges between 20 and 22 nt, whereas, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) length ranges between 200 nt to 1 Kb. In the case of circular RNAs (circRNAs), the size varies depending upon the length of the exon from where they were derived. Epigenetic regulations of miR and lncRNA genes will influence the gene expression by modulating histone acetylation and methylation patterns. Especially, lncRNAs will act as a scaffold for various epigenetic proteins, such as EZH2 and LSD1, and influence the chromatin epigenetic state at various genomic loci involved at silencing. Thus investigations on the expression of lncRNAs and designing drugs to modulate the expression of these genes will have a profound impact on future therapeutics against cancers such as Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) and also against various other diseases. With the recent advancements in genome-wide transcriptomic studies, scientists are focused on the non-coding RNAs and their regulations on various cellular processes involved in GBM and on other types of cancer as well as trying to understand possible epigenetic modulations that help in generating promising therapeutics for the future generations. In this review, the involvement of epigenetic proteins, enzymes that change chromatin architecture and epigenetic landscape and new roles of lncRNAs that are involved in GBM progression are elaborately discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/genética , Humanos
3.
Gene ; 723: 144120, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589964

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a vitamin K-dependent, γ-carboxylated protein that was initially found to be a physiological inhibitor of ectopic calcifications affecting mainly cartilage and the vascular system. Mutations in the MGP gene were found to be responsible for a human pathology, the Keutel syndrome, characterized by abnormal calcifications in cartilage, lungs, brain and vascular system. MGP was recently implicated in tumorigenic processes such as angiogenesis and shown to be abnormally regulated in several tumors, including cervical, ovarian, urogenital and breast. This fact has triggered our interest in analyzing the expression of MGP and of its regulator, the transcription factor runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: MGP and RUNX2 expression were analyzed in cancer and non-tumor biopsies samples from 33 CRC patients and 9 healthy controls by RT-qPCR. Consequently, statistical analyses were performed to evaluate the clinical-pathological significance of MGP and RUNX2 in CRC. MGP protein was also detected by immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Showed an overall overexpression of MGP in the tumor mucosa of patients at mRNA level when compared to adjacent normal mucosa and healthy control tissues. In addition, analysis of the expression of RUNX2 mRNA demonstrated an overexpression in CRC tissue samples and a positive correlation with MGP expression (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.636; p ≤ 0.01) in tumor mucosa. However correlations between MGP gene expression and clinical-pathological characteristics, such as gender, age and pathology classification did not provide relevant information that may shed light towards the differences of MGP expression observed between normal and malignant tissue. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to associate the high levels of MGP mRNA expression with a worse prognosis and survival rate lower than five years. These results contributed to improve our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying MGP deregulation in cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 605-623, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646527

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily plays important roles in a variety of cellular processes such polymodal cellular sensing, adhesion, polarity, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The expression of TRP channels is strictly regulated and their de-regulation can stimulate cancer development and progression.In human cancers, specific miRNAs are expressed in different tissues, and changes in the regulation of gene expression mediated by specific miRNAs have been associated with carcinogenesis. Several miRNAs/TRP channel pairs have been reported to play an important role in tumor biology. Thus, the TRPM1 gene regulates melanocyte/melanoma behaviour via TRPM1 and microRNA-211 transcripts. Both miR-211 and TRPM1 proteins are regulated through microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MIFT) and the expression of miR-211 is decreased during melanoma progression. Melanocyte phenotype and melanoma behaviour strictly depend on dual TRPM1 activity, with loss of TRPM1 protein promoting melanoma aggressiveness and miR-211 expression supporting tumour suppressor. TRPM3 plays a major role in the development and progression of human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) loss. TRPM3, a direct target of miR-204, is enhanced in ccRCC with inactivated or deleted VHL. Loss of VHL inhibits miR-204 expression that lead to increased oncogenic autophagy. Therefore, the understanding of specific TRP channels/miRNAs molecular pathways in distinct tumors could provide a clinical rationale for target therapy in cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/genética , Canais de Receptores Transientes de Potencial/metabolismo
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 243-270, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646513

RESUMO

The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) is a Ca2+-release channel mainly located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Three IP3R isoforms are responsible for the generation of intracellular Ca2+ signals that may spread across the entire cell or occur locally in so-called microdomains. Because of their ubiquitous expression, these channels are involved in the regulation of a plethora of cellular processes, including cell survival and cell death. To exert their proper function a fine regulation of their activity is of paramount importance. In this review, we will highlight the recent advances in the structural analysis of the IP3R and try to link these data with the newest information concerning IP3R activation and regulation. A special focus of this review will be directed towards the regulation of the IP3R by protein-protein interaction. Especially the protein family formed by calmodulin and related Ca2+-binding proteins and the pro- and anti-apoptotic/autophagic Bcl-2-family members will be highlighted. Finally, recently identified and novel IP3R regulatory proteins will be discussed. A number of these interactions are involved in cancer development, illustrating the potential importance of modulating IP3R-mediated Ca2+ signaling in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato , Sinalização do Cálcio , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Humanos , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/química , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/genética , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17803, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689861

RESUMO

High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is the most prevalent and malignant ovarian tumor.To identify co-expression modules and hub genes correlated with platinum-based chemotherapy resistant and sensitive HGSOC, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) on microarray data of HGSOC with 12 resistant samples and 16 sensitive samples of GSE51373 dataset.A total of 5122 genes were included in WGCNA, and 16 modules were identified. Module-trait analysis identified that the module salmon (cor = 0.50), magenta (cor = 0.49), and black (cor = 0.45) were discovered associated with chemotherapy resistant, and the significance for these platinum-resistant modules were validated in the GSE63885 dataset. Given that the black module was validated to be the most related one, hub genes of this module, alcohol dehydrogenase 1B, cadherin 11, and vestigial like family member 3were revealed to be expressional related with platinum resistance, and could serve as prognostic markers for ovarian cancer.Our analysis might provide insight for molecular mechanisms of platinum-based chemotherapy resistance and treatment response in ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Platina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Platina/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(10): 766-771, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734990

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognostic relationship between the expression levels of periostin (POSTN) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues as well as its effect in invasion and metastasis. Methods: The expression levels of POSTN in liver cancer tissues were detected with real-time quantitative PCR (QPCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to analyze the relationship between POSTN expression level and postoperative prognosis in patients with liver cancer. The expression of POSTN in hepatocellular carcinoma cells with different metastasis characteristics were detected in vitro and the overexpression of POSTN in low metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma cells was mediated through plasmid transfection techniques. The effects of POSTN on invasion and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells were determined by transwell migration and matrigel invasion assay. The comparative expression level of POSTN was analyzed by t-test. Results: The expression levels of POSTN in tissues from high to low was in the order of metastatic liver cancer tissues, non-metastatic liver cancer tissues and normal liver tissues (P = 0.006). The median survival time and 3-year survival rate in postoperative patients with hepatocellular carcinoma of high POSTN expression level were significantly lower than the low expression group (10.00 months, 44.44%; 59.00 months, 53.13%, P = 0.031 2). In in vitro testing, the expression of POSTN was highest in MHCC97H cells with high metastatic characteristics as compared with Huh7 and MHCC97L cells with low and medium metastatic characteristics. After overexpression of POSTN in MHCC97L cells, the migration and invasion capacity of MHCC97L cells was increased. Conclusion: POSTN is associated with pathological processes such as metastasis and invasion of liver cancer, which may promote the migration and invasion of liver cancer cells. It is expected to be an important prognostic biomarker of tumor recurrence and a therapeutic target for inhibiting the occurrence of metastasis in postoperative patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5861-5866, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that ancestry-mediated methylated DNA changes may drive racial and ethnic disparity in prostate cancer (PCa). To test this hypothesis, we analyzed genetic ancestry and association with DNA methylation changes in PCa disparity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pyrosequencing and ancestry informative markers were used for DNA methylation and genetic ancestry testing, respectively. RESULTS: Using Spearman rho rank correlation test, the data demonstrated significant (p<0.05) and variable association between African-American ancestry and DNA methylation for all genes investigated in prostate tissues. CONCLUSION: Genetic ancestry influences DNA methylation and this modifying factor must be considered in epigenetic association studies in populations of admixed patients.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5943-5951, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the function of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA expression levels of PRAME were analyzed in resected esophageal tissues of 150 ESCC patients and correlated with clinicopathological parameters. We also investigated the potential function of PRAME by analyzing coordinately expressed genes in 13 ESCC cell lines. RESULTS: RT-qPCR analysis of clinical samples revealed aberrantly high PRAME expression in tumors compared with normal esophageal tissues. High PRAME expression was significantly associated with shorter disease-specific survival and hematogenous recurrence, but not with overall recurrence. The cumulative incidence of hematogenous recurrence was significantly greater for patients with high compared to those with low PRAME expression. In vitro, PCR array analysis revealed that PRAME was coordinately expressed with EGFR, ITGB, and TCF3. CONCLUSION: PRAME is overexpressed in ESCC tissues and may serve as a novel biomarker for predicting hematogenous recurrence.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5983-5990, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: DJ-1, an oncogenic molecule, helps to maintain somatic stem cells by reducing the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study investigated the role of DJ-1 in glioma stem cells (GSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: U87-MG (U87) and U251-MG (U251) glioblastoma cell lines that express wild-type and mutant p53, respectively, were used. These were cultured with DJ-1-targeting siRNA and subjected to a variety of in vitro experiments or intracranial transplantation into nude mice. RESULTS: Knockdown of DJ-1 reduced clonogenicity only in U87 cells, which was rescued by p53 depletion. ROS accumulated in DJ-1-depleted cells, although treatment with N-acetyl cysteine, which quenches ROS, did not affect exhaustion of CSCs among U87 cells by DJ-1 knockdown. In a serial transplantation study, DJ-1 knockdown prolonged the survival of mice in secondary transplantation. CONCLUSION: DJ-1 plays a pivotal role in maintenance of stem cell self-renewal in the U87 cell line.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Autorrenovação Celular , Glioblastoma/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5991-5998, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to discuss the effect and possible molecular mechanisms of Aurora-A/NF-ĸB signaling on the radiotherapy resistance of human docetaxel-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human lung adenocarcinoma SPC-A1 and SPC-A1/DTX cell lines were utilized in the present study. The MTT assay measured the sensitivity of cells to radiotherapy. The tumor-initiating ability of the cells was detected in vitro by cloning assays. Apoptosis was quantified by flow cytometry. Real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of the Aurora-A/NF-ĸB, respectively. Tumors transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice were used to test the effect of Aurora-A on the in vivo sensitivity of the tumors to radiotherapy. RESULTS: The SPC-A1/DTX docetaxel-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells were radio-resistant compared with the parental SPC-A1 cells. Up-regulated aurora-A was responsible for the in vitro radio-resistance of docetaxel-resistant SPC-A1/DTX cells. Nuclear transcription factor NF-ĸB was identified as a downstream target gene of Aurora-A in SPC-A1/DTX cells, and NF-ĸB also participated in the radio-resistance of SPC-A1/DTX cells regulated by Aurora-A. CONCLUSION: The Aurora-A/NF-ĸB pathway is association with radio-resistance of human lung adenocarcinoma docetaxel-resistant cells.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Aurora Quinase A/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Tolerância a Radiação , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/radioterapia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Aurora Quinase A/genética , Proliferação de Células , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , NF-kappa B/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6007-6014, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The histone demethylase NO66 regulates gene and protein expression. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a key oncogenic factor for glioblastoma. This study aimed to examine the role of NO66 in glioblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prognostic value of NO66 expression in 263 human glioma tissues and 510 glioblastoma tissues was examined by Kaplan and Meier survival analysis. Immunoblot analysis of EGFR expression, cell proliferation assays and cell cycle analysis were performed in glioblastoma cells after NO66 knockdown. RESULTS: In 263 human glioma tissues, high levels of NO66 expression correlated with advanced disease stage and poor patient prognosis. In 510 glioblastoma tissues, high levels of NO66 expression also predicted poor patient prognosis. NO66 knockdown reduced EGFR expression and cell proliferation in glioblastoma cells. CONCLUSION: High levels of NO66 in glioma and glioblastoma tissues predict poor patient prognosis, and NO66 is required for EGFR expression and glioblastoma cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/patologia , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Seguimentos , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6015-6023, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously reported that expression of melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-D4 mRNA was a prognostic factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of this study was to validate the expression of MAGE-D4 in two additional patient cohorts, and to investigate its biological functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The role of MAGE-D4 in cell proliferation, adhesion, and migration was determined by gene knockdown experiments in the KYSE590 cell line. MAGE-D4 protein expression was analyzed in ESCC tissues by immunohistochemistry. A second validation cohort consisted of an ESCC mRNA dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas. RESULTS: Knockdown of MAGE-D4 significantly decreased cell proliferation and migration. Expression of MAGE-D4 protein was significantly associated with disease-free survival. In the second validation cohort, high MAGE-D4 mRNA expression was associated with significantly shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. CONCLUSION: MAGE-D4 plays an important role in the malignant behavior of ESCC. MAGE-D4 was validated as a prognostic indicator in two independent ESCC patient cohorts.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6025-6033, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a poor prognostic marker in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). Previous studies have shown a link between hypoxia and CA19-9 in cancer, and we have previously demonstrated a correlation between HDAC1 and HIF-1α in IHCC. Here, we evaluated the expression and correlation of CA19-9 with HIF-1 and HDAC in IHCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 62 patients with IHCC who underwent primary hepatectomy at our department. Clinicopathological characteristics were examined. Immunohistochemical expression of HIF-1 and HDAC1 in specimens was quantitatively evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with high preoperative serum CA19-9 levels showed clinicopathological characteristics associated with tumour progression. High CA19-9 levels were associated with worse overall and recurrence-free survival. Univariate and multivariate analysis detected high CA19-9 levels as an independent poor prognostic factor for IHCC. Serum CA19-9 was significantly correlated with both HIF-1α and HDAC1 expression. CONCLUSION: High serum CA19-9 level is a poor prognostic factor for overall survival in IHCC and correlates with HIF-1α and HDAC1 expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6057-6062, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma is poor; therefore, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Phosphodiesterase 2 (PDE2) is one of the 11 families (PDE1-PDE11) of the phosphodiesterase superfamily that regulates the intracellular concentrations and effects of cAMP and cGMP. This in vitro study was performed to investigate the role of PDE2 in human oral osteosarcoma HOSM-1 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PDE2 expression was measured by a cAMP-PDE assay and real-time-PCR. The effects of the PDE2-specific inhibitors, erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA), 8-bromo-cAMP, and 8-bromo-cGMP on cell proliferation and migration were assessed. RESULTS: PDE2 activity and PDE2A mRNA expression were detected in HOSM-1 cells. Cell proliferation was inhibited by EHNA and 8-bromo-cAMP but not by 8-bromo-cGMP. Cell migration was stimulated by EHNA and 8-bromo-cGMP, but it was inhibited by 8-bromo-cAMP. CONCLUSION: Cell proliferation is regulated by PDE2-cAMP signaling and cell migration is regulated by PDE2-cGMP signaling in HOSM-1 cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adenina/farmacologia , Apoptose , Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/enzimologia , Ciclo Celular , AMP Cíclico/farmacologia , GMP Cíclico/análogos & derivados , GMP Cíclico/farmacologia , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 2/genética , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/enzimologia , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6063-6066, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) does not reflect immune interactions between tumours and macro-organisms. Serpin B9 is known as an inhibitor of Granzyme B. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the expression of Serpin B9 in CRC and healthy colon tissue on prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 74 CRC patients in all stages. Analysis of gene expression was performed with quantitative polymerase chain reaction with reverse transcription using specific primers and master mix Xceed qPCR SG. Expression was normalized to the reference genes GAPDH, ACTB, and PSMC. RESULTS: Increased expression of Serpin B9 in healthy tissue was significantly associated with longer overall survival (OS). This association was found both in all patients and in the group of patients with distant metastases. CONCLUSION: The presented results support previous evidence of positive influence of the interaction between immune system and tumour on the prognosis of CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Serpinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Serpinas/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6067-6071, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Thrombin plays significant roles in various types of cancer. However, the expression levels of prothrombin, the thrombin precursor, in cancer remain unclear. Variants of the 3'end of the prothrombin gene lead to increased prothrombin expression. This study aimed to analyze prothrombin 3'end gene variants in colon tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 93 patients suffering from colon adenocarcinoma. The 3'end of the prothrombin gene was analyzed by DNA sequencing. RESULTS: Three variants, all previously associated with increased prothrombin expression were detected. Frequency of the FII 19911G allele was 46.77% and 47.85% in tumor and normal tissue, respectively. For the FII 20210A allele, the detected frequencies were 2.15% and 1.61%, respectively. The frequency of the FII c.1824T allele was 0.54% in both tissues. Four patients showed different genotypes in tumor and normal tissue. CONCLUSION: Prothrombin 3' end gene variants may play a role in colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Protrombina/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6087-6095, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: RAS GTPase-activating protein-binding protein (G3BP1) is an RNA-binding protein that is essential for assembling stress granules. Many functions related to the survival and progression of cancer have been reported. The current study aimed to investigate the role of G3BP1 in radio-sensitisation of cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiation sensitivity and chemosensitivity were analysed in A549 and H460 cells transfected with G3BP1 siRNAs, and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) was used to elucidate the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS). RESULTS: G3BP1 depletion sensitised lung cancer cell lines to radiation, and the effect was related to ROS. G3BP1 depletion impaired the intracellular ROS scavenging system and NAC abolished the radiation-sensitive phenotypes caused by G3BP1 depletion. CONCLUSION: The study suggested G3BP1 as a promising target for radio- and chemosensitisation of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , DNA Helicases/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Helicases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Tolerância a Radiação/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , DNA Helicases/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/genética , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
19.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6097-6105, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common in the world and its prevalence is rapidly increasing. Jagged-1-activated Notch signaling by apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 (APEX1) promotes CRC, and high expression of Jagged-1 is associated with poor prognosis. However, its clinical implication is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical role of Jagged-1-activated Notch signaling by APEX1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to evaluate the anti-cancer efficacy of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. Tissue from CRC patients was analyzed to assess the clinical specificity of Jagged-1 activated by APEX1. RESULTS: The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) in cells co-expressing APEX1 and Jagged-1 cells was higher than that in cells expressing only APEX1. These results indicated that the simultaneous expression of APEX1 and Jagged-1 might be associated with chemoresistance toward 5-FU, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. Analysis of tissue from CRC patients revealed that high expression of Jagged-1 was associated with a statistically significantly low response to chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of Jagged-1 by APEX1 might serve as a predictor of response to chemotherapy and of poor prognosis, and moreover may be a therapeutic target for chemotherapy of advanced CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteína Jagged-1/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/genética , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Proteína Jagged-1/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Receptor Notch1/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6107-6114, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704838

RESUMO

AIM: The present investigation aimed to examine the therapeutic potential of the new coumarin derivative bis(4-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one) coumarin (4HC) against breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose, the effects of 4HC treatment on the proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells and on MCF-10a non-cancerous cells were evaluated using a fluorescent assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were measured by image cytometry. The expression level of aromatase (CYP19A1) and apoptosis-related genes were determined by real-time PCR. RESULTS: MCF-7 mammary cancer cell proliferation was significantly decreased within 24 h after treatment with 4HC at 50 µM, while no effect was observed on the viability of MCF-10a non-cancerous mammary cells. 4HC also increased the percentage of the cells in the G2/M phase, inducing apoptosis. Real-time PCR revealed that 4HC induced MCF-7 mortality through an up-regulation of Bax and a down-regulation of Bcl-2, resulting in an increase in caspase-3 gene expression. The increased expression of apoptosis-related genes was accompanied by a decrease in CYP19A1 gene expression. CONCLUSION: 4HC selectively inhibits proliferation of MCF-7cells in vitro. Moreover, 4HC has inhibitory effects on aromatase gene expression and promoting effects on apoptosis, in MCF-7 cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Aromatase/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Cromonas/química , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Aromatase/genética , Aromatase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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