Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.020
Filtrar
1.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21789, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383983

RESUMO

Normal pregnancy is essential for human reproduction. However, BaP (benzo(a)pyrene) and its metabolite BPDE (benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide) could cause dysfunctions of human trophoblast cells and might further induce miscarriage. Yet, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Herein, we identified a novel upregulated lnc-HZ04 and a novel downregulated miR-hz04 in villous tissues of unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM) relative to those in healthy control tissues and also in BPDE-treated human trophoblast cells. Lnc-HZ04 directly and specifically bound with miR-hz04, diminished the reduction effects of miR-hz04 on IP3 R1 mRNA expression level and on IP3 R1 mRNA stability, and then activated the Ca2+ -mediated IP3 R1 /p-CaMKII/SGCB pathway, which further promoted trophoblast cell apoptosis. The miR-hz04 target site on lnc-HZ04 played crucial roles in these regulations. In normal trophoblast, relatively less lnc-HZ04 and more miR-hz04 suppressed this apoptosis pathway and gave normal pregnancy. After exposure to BPDE or in RM tissues, p53 was upregulated, which might promote p53-mediated lnc-HZ04 transcription. Relatively more lnc-HZ04 and less miR-hz04 activated this apoptosis pathway and might further induce miscarriage. BaP could also induce mice miscarriage by upregulating its corresponding murine apoptosis pathway. Therefore, BPDE-induced apoptosis of human trophoblast cells was associated with the occurrence of miscarriage. This work discovered the regulation roles of lnc-HZ04 and miR-hz04 and provided scientific and clinical understanding of the occurrence of unexplained miscarriage.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/genética , Apoptose/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética , 7,8-Di-Hidro-7,8-Di-Hidroxibenzo(a)pireno 9,10-óxido/farmacologia , Aborto Habitual/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Linhagem Celular , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Receptores de Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Gravidez , Sarcoglicanas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Trofoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21870, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436790

RESUMO

COVID-19 is often characterized by dysregulated inflammatory and immune responses. It has been shown that the Traditional Chinese Medicine formulation Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is effective in the treatment of the disease, especially for patients in the early stage. Our network pharmacology analyses indicated that many inflammation and immune-related molecules were the targets of the active components of QFPDD, which propelled us to examine the effects of the decoction on inflammation. We found in the present study that QFPDD effectively alleviated dextran sulfate sodium-induced intestinal inflammation in mice. It inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNFα, and promoted the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 by macrophagic cells. Further investigations found that QFPDD and one of its active components wogonoside markedly reduced LPS-stimulated phosphorylation of transcription factor ATF2, an important regulator of multiple cytokines expression. Our data revealed that both QFPDD and wogonoside decreased the half-life of ATF2 and promoted its proteasomal degradation. Of note, QFPDD and wogonoside down-regulated deubiquitinating enzyme USP14 along with inducing ATF2 degradation. Inhibition of USP14 with the small molecular inhibitor IU1 also led to the decrease of ATF2 in the cells, indicating that QFPDD and wogonoside may act through regulating USP14 to promote ATF2 degradation. To further assess the importance of ubiquitination in regulating ATF2, we generated mice that were intestinal-specific KLHL5 deficiency, a CUL3-interacting protein participating in substrate recognition of E3s. In these mice, QFPDD mitigated inflammatory reaction in the spleen, but not intestinal inflammation, suggesting CUL3-KLHL5 may function as an E3 for ATF2 degradation.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/deficiência , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Culina/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/farmacologia , Sulfato de Dextrana/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Pirróis/farmacologia , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/antagonistas & inibidores , Ubiquitinação
3.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 185(4): 539-552, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342596

RESUMO

Objective: Sex steroid hormones like estrogens have a key role in the regulation of energy homeostasis and metabolism. In transwomen, gender-affirming hormone therapy like estradiol (in combination with antiandrogenic compounds) could affect metabolism as well. Given that the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are not fully understood, this study assessed circulating estradiol-driven microRNAs (miRs) in transwomen and their regulation of genes involved in metabolism in mice. Methods: Following plasma miR-sequencing (seq) in a transwomen discovery (n = 20) and validation cohort (n = 30), we identified miR-224 and miR-452. Subsequent systemic silencing of these miRs in male C57Bl/6 J mice (n = 10) was followed by RNA-seq-based gene expression analysis of brown and white adipose tissue in conjunction with mechanistic studies in cultured adipocytes. Results: Estradiol in transwomen lowered plasma miR-224 and -452 carried in extracellular vesicles (EVs) while their systemic silencing in mice and cultured adipocytes increased lipogenesis (white adipose) but reduced glucose uptake and mitochondrial respiration (brown adipose). In white and brown adipose tissue, differentially expressed (miR target) genes are associated with lipogenesis (white adipose) and mitochondrial respiration and glucose uptake (brown adipose). Conclusion: This study identified an estradiol-drive post-transcriptional network that could potentially offer a mechanistic understanding of metabolism following gender-affirming estradiol therapy.


Assuntos
Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/genética , Estradiol/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Transexualidade , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/fisiologia , Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipogenia/genética , Adulto , Animais , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Estradiol/sangue , Estradiol/farmacologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interferência de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoas Transgênero , Transexualidade/genética , Transexualidade/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443299

RESUMO

Phycocyanin, derived from marine algae, is known to have noteworthy antineoplastic properties. However, the underlying mechanism involved in phycocyanin-mediated anti-growth function on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells is still ambiguous. Here, we investigated the mechanism of action of phycocyanin on H1299, A549, and LTEP-a2 cells. According to the results obtained, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) expression was reduced by phycocyanin. Cell phenotype tests showed that siRNA knockdown of IRS-1 expression significantly inhibited the growth, migration, colony formation, but promoted the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Meanwhile, phycocyanin and IRS-1 siRNA treatment both reduced the PI3K-AKT activities in NSCLC cells. Moreover, overexpression of IRS-1 accelerated the proliferation, colony formation, and migration rate of H1299, A549, and LTEP-a2 cells, which was contradicting to the knockdown results. Overall, this study uncovered a regulatory mechanism by which phycocyanin inhibited the growth of NSCLC cells via IRS-1/AKT pathway, laying the foundation for the potential target treatment of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Ficocianina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
5.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444857

RESUMO

The beneficial effect on health of argan oil is recognized worldwide. We have previously reported that the cake that remains after argan oil extraction (argan press-cake or APC) inhibits melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells in a time-dependent manner without cytotoxicity. In this study, the global gene expression profile of B16 melanoma cells treated with APC extract was determined in order to gain an understanding of the possible mechanisms of action of APC. The results suggest that APC extract inhibits melanin biosynthesis by down-regulating microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (Mitf) and its downstream signaling pathway through JNK signaling activation, and the inhibition of Wnt/ß-catenin and cAMP/PKA signaling pathways. APC extract also prevented the transport of melanosomes by down-regulating Rab27a expression. These results suggest that APC may be an important natural skin whitening product and pharmacological agent used for clinical treatment of pigmentary disorders.


Assuntos
Fármacos Dermatológicos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sapotaceae , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanossomas/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas rab27 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445346

RESUMO

Corosolic acid (CA; 2α-hydroxyursolic acid) is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid with antioxidant, antitumour and antimetastatic activities against various tumour cells during tumourigenesis. However, CA's antitumour effect and functional roles on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells are utterly unknown. In this study, our results demonstrated that CA significantly exerted an inhibitory effect on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)1 expression, cell migration and invasion without influencing cell growth or the cell cycle of human OSCC cells. The critical role of MMP1 was confirmed using the GEPIA database and showed that patients have a high expression of MMP1 and have a shorter overall survival rate, confirmed on the Kaplan-Meier curve assay. In the synergistic inhibitory analysis, CA and siMMP1 co-treatment showed a synergically inhibitory influence on MMP1 expression and invasion of human OSCC cells. The ERK1/2 pathway plays an essential role in mediating tumour progression. We found that CA significantly inhibits the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 dose-dependently. The ERK1/2 pathway played an essential role in the CA-mediated downregulation of MMP1 expression and in invasive motility in human OSCC cells. These findings first demonstrated the inhibitory effects of CA on OSCC cells' progression through inhibition of the ERK1/2-MMP1 axis. Therefore, CA might represent a novel strategy for treating OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
7.
Adipocyte ; 10(1): 408-411, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402717

RESUMO

Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) is the cell-surface receptor enabling cellular entry of SARS-CoV-2. ACE2 is highly expressed in adipose tissue (AT), rendering AT a potential SARS-CoV-2 reservoir contributing to massive viral spread in COVID-19 patients with obesity. Although rodent and cell studies suggest that the polyphenol resveratrol alters ACE2, human studies are lacking. Here, we investigated the effects of 30-days resveratrol supplementation on RAS components in AT and skeletal muscle in men with obesity in a placebo-controlled cross-over study. Resveratrol markedly decreased ACE2 (~40%) and leptin (~30%), but did neither alter angiotensinogen, ACE and AT1R expression in AT nor skeletal muscle RAS components. These findings demonstrate that resveratrol supplementation reduces ACE2 in AT, which might dampen SARS-CoV-2 spread in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Resveratrol/administração & dosagem , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Leptina/genética , Leptina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/patologia , Efeito Placebo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/metabolismo , Resveratrol/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
8.
Cells ; 10(6)2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200372

RESUMO

Coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV-2, which is responsible for COVID-19, depend on virus spike protein binding to host cell receptors to cause infection. The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds primarily to ACE2 on target cells and is then processed by membrane proteases, including TMPRSS2, leading to viral internalisation or fusion with the plasma membrane. It has been suggested, however, that receptors other than ACE2 may be involved in virus binding. We have investigated the interactions of recombinant versions of the spike protein with human epithelial cell lines that express low/very low levels of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in a proxy assay for interaction with host cells. A tagged form of the spike protein containing the S1 and S2 regions bound in a temperature-dependent manner to all cell lines, whereas the S1 region alone and the receptor-binding domain (RBD) interacted only weakly. Spike protein associated with cells independently of ACE2 and TMPRSS2, while RBD required the presence of high levels of ACE2 for interaction. As the spike protein has previously been shown to bind heparin, a soluble glycosaminoglycan, we tested the effects of various heparins on ACE2-independent spike protein interaction with cells. Unfractionated heparin inhibited spike protein interaction with an IC50 value of <0.05 U/mL, whereas two low-molecular-weight heparins were less effective. A mutant form of the spike protein, lacking the arginine-rich putative furin cleavage site, interacted only weakly with cells and had a lower affinity for unfractionated and low-molecular-weight heparin than the wild-type spike protein. This suggests that the furin cleavage site might also be a heparin-binding site and potentially important for interactions with host cells. The glycosaminoglycans heparan sulphate and dermatan sulphate, but not chondroitin sulphate, also inhibited the binding of spike protein, indicating that it might bind to one or both of these glycosaminoglycans on the surface of target cells.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Heparina/farmacologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Células A549 , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Células CACO-2 , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Dermatan Sulfato/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Glicosaminoglicanos/farmacologia , Células HEK293 , Células HaCaT , Heparitina Sulfato/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/genética , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Células Vero , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207810

RESUMO

Excess lipid droplets are frequently observed in arterial endothelial cells at sites of advanced atherosclerotic plaques. Here, the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in modulating the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) content in confluent primary human aortic endothelial cells (pHAECs) was investigated. TNFα promoted an up to 2 folds increase in cellular cholesterol, which was resistant to ACAT inhibition. The cholesterol increase was associated with increased 125I-LDL surface binding. Using the non-hydrolysable label, Dil, TNFα could induce a massive increase in Dil-LDL by over 200 folds. The elevated intracellular Dil-LDL was blocked with excess unlabeled LDL and PCSK9, but not oxidized LDL (oxLDL), or apolipoprotein (apoE) depletion. Moreover, the TNFα-induced increase of LDL-derived lipids was elevated through lysosome inhibition. Using specific LDLR antibody, the Dil-LDL accumulation was reduced by over 99%. The effects of TNFα included an LDLR cell surface increase of 138%, and very large increases in ICAM-1 total and surface proteins, respectively. In contrast, that of scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1) was reduced. Additionally, LDLR antibody bound rapidly in TNFα-treated cells by about 30 folds, inducing a migrating shift in the LDLR protein. The effect of TNFα on Dil-LDL accumulation was inhibited by the antioxidant tetramethythiourea (TMTU) dose-dependently, but not by inhibitors against NF-κB, stress kinases, ASK1, JNK, p38, or apoptosis caspases. Grown on Transwell inserts, TNFα did not enhance apical to basolateral LDL cholesterol or Dil release. It is concluded that TNFα promotes LDLR functions through combined increase at the cell surface and SR-B1 downregulation.


Assuntos
Artérias/metabolismo , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/biossíntese , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Artérias/patologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223631

RESUMO

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is frequently accompanied by a poor prognosis. The majority of patients with AML will experience recurrence due to multiple drug resistance. Our previous study reported that targeting the mTOR pathway may increase cell sensitivity to doxorubicin (Doxo) and provide an improved therapeutic approach to leukemia. However, the effect and mechanism of action of NVP­BEZ235 (BEZ235), a dual inhibitor of PI3K/mTOR, on Doxo­resistant K562 cells (K562/A) is yet to be elucidated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of BEZ235 on K562/A cell proliferation. K562/A cells was investigated using CCK­8, flow cytometry and western blotting, following BEZ235 treatment. It was observed that BEZ235 significantly decreased the viability of K562/A cells. In addition, BEZ235 arrested K562/A cells at the G0/G1 phase, and reduced the protein expression levels of CDK4, CDK6 and cyclin D1. Apoptotic cells were more frequently detected in K562/A cells treated with BEZ235 compared with the control group (12.97±0.91% vs. 7.37±0.42%, respectively; P<0.05). Cells treated with BEZ235 exhibited downregulation of Bcl­2 and upregulation of Bax. Furthermore, BEZ235 treatment markedly decreased the activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and its downstream effectors. Thus, these results demonstrated that BEZ235 inhibited cell viability, induced G0/G1 arrest and increased apoptosis in K562/A cells, suggesting that BEZ235 may reverse Doxo resistance in leukemia cells. Therefore, targeting the PI3K/mTOR pathway may be of value as a novel therapeutic approach to leukemia.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Fase G1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
11.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174374, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303662

RESUMO

The efficacy of corticosteroids and its use for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infections is controversial. In this study, using data sets of SARS-CoV-2 infected lung tissues and nasopharyngeal swabs, as well as in vitro experiments, we show that SARS-CoV-2 infection significantly downregulates DUSP1 expression. This downregulation of DUSP1 could be the mechanism regulating the enhanced activation of MAPK pathway as well as the reported steroid resistance in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, chloroquine, an off labeled COVID-19 drug is able to induce DUSP1 and attenuate MAPK pathway; and is expected to improve sensitivity to steroid treatment. However, further mechanistic studies are required to confirm this effect.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Fosfatase 1 de Especificidade Dupla/genética , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Cloroquina/uso terapêutico , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Fosfatase 1 de Especificidade Dupla/metabolismo , Fibroblastos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Pulmão/citologia , Pulmão/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nasofaringe/virologia , Uso Off-Label , Cultura Primária de Células , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade
12.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab ; 321(3): E351-E366, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229480

RESUMO

The pituitary-gonadal axis plays an important role in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis, and by extension, fertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of bee bread, a natural bee product, against obesity-induced decreases in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis. Thirty-two adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 200 and 300 g were divided into four groups (n = 8/group), namely: normal control (NC), high-fat diet (HFD), HFD plus bee bread administered concurrently for 12 wk (HFD + B), HFD plus orlistat administered concurrently for 12 wk (HFD + O) groups. Bee bread (0.5 g/kg) or orlistat (10 mg/kg/day) was suspended in distilled water and given by oral gavage daily for 12 wk. Levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, and adiponectin, as well as sperm count, motility, viability, normal morphology, and epididymal antioxidants decreased, whereas levels of leptin, malondialdehyde, and sperm nDNA fragmentation increased significantly in the HFD group relative to the NC group. There were significant decreases in the testicular mRNA transcript levels of androgen receptor, luteinizing hormone receptor, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, cytochrome P450 enzyme, 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) and 17ß-HSD in the testes of the HFD group. Furthermore, mount, intromission and ejaculatory latencies increased, and penile cGMP level decreased significantly in the HFD group. Supplementation with bee bread significantly reduced leptin level and increased adiponectin level, enhanced sperm parameters and reduced sperm nDNA fragmentation, upregulated the levels of steroidogenic genes and proteins in HFD-induced obese male rats. Bee bread improved steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis by upregulating steroidogenic genes. Therefore, bee bread may be considered as a potential supplementation to protect against infertility in overweight men or men with obesity.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The high-fat diet utilized in the present study induced obesity in the male rats. Bee bread supplementation mitigated impaired steroidogenesis, spermatogenesis, mating behavior, and fertility potential by counteracting the downregulation of steroidogenic genes, thus increasing testosterone levels and suppressing epididymal oxidative stress. These benefits may be due to the abundance of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in bee bread.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Própole/administração & dosagem , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroides/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Epididimo/metabolismo , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Interleucina-1 , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo
13.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3337-3341, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most aggressive type of primary brain tumor and a cornerstone in its treatment is radiotherapy (RT). However, RT for GBM is largely ineffective at clinically safe doses, thus, the study of radiosensitizers is of great significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With accumulating evidence for the anticancer effect of compounds from cranberry, this study was designed to investigate if cranberry extract (CE) sensitizes GBM to RT in the widely used human glioblastoma cell line U87. We utilized clonogenic survival assays, cell proliferation assays, and caspase-3 activity kits. Potential proliferative and apoptotic molecular mechanisms were evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: We found that CE alone had little effect on the survival of U87 cells. However, RT supplemented by CE significantly inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of U87 cells when compared with RT alone. The proliferation-inhibitory effect of RT/CE might be attributable to the up-regulation of p21, along with the down-regulation of cyclin B and cyclin-dependent kinase 4. This pro-apoptotic effect might additionally be attributable to the down-regulation of survivin. CONCLUSION: These results warrant further study of the potential radiosensitizing capacity of CE in glioblastoma and other cancer types.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Vaccinium macrocarpon/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3389-3400, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a biliary cancer, is a health problem worldwide. The major problem in CCA treatment presents limited options. To date, targeting cancer metabolism is a promising anti-cancer strategy. To elucidate the functional importance of lipid metabolism in CCA, de novo lipogenesis was inhibited using 5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid (TOFA), an acetyl CoA carboxylase inhibitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anti-proliferative effects of TOFA were determined both in vitro and in vivo. Its inhibitory effect on cell-cycle and apoptosis was investigated by flow cytometry and western blot analysis of relevant markers. RESULTS: TOFA inhibited CCA cell growth, induced cell-cycle progression accompanied by apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Induction of p21, and caspase-3, -8, and -9 cleavages, while down-regulation of cyclin B1 and cyclin D1 were observed in TOFA-treated cells. The therapeutic potential was demonstrated in vivo. CONCLUSION: De novo lipogensis is essential for CCA cell growth and is an alternative target for CCA treatment.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Furanos/farmacologia , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203261

RESUMO

A group of clinically approved cancer therapeutic tyrosine kinase inhibitors was screened to test their effects on the expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the cell surface receptor for SARS-CoV-2. Here, we show that the receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib (also known as STI571, Gleevec) can inhibit the expression of the endogenous ACE2 gene at both the transcript and protein levels. Treatment with imatinib resulted in inhibition of cell entry of the viral pseudoparticles (Vpps) in cell culture. In FVB mice orally fed imatinib, tissue expression of ACE2 was reduced, specifically in the lungs and renal tubules, but not in the parenchyma of other organs such as the heart and intestine. Our finding suggests that receptor tyrosine kinases play a role in COVID-19 infection and can be therapeutic targets with combined treatments of the best conventional care of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/química , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Camundongos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 346: 109595, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302803

RESUMO

Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a major constituent of the root of licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), and has various biological activities, including anti-obesity property. However, the molecular mechanism of anti-adipogenic effect of GA is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the anti-adipogenic effects of GA in mouse adipocytic 3T3-L1 cells and elucidated its underlying molecular mechanism. GA decreased the intracellular triglyceride level. The expression levels of the adipogenic and lipogenic genes were lowered by treatment with GA in a concertation-dependent manner. In contrast, GA did not affect the lipolytic gene expression and the released glycerol level. GA suppressed the early stage of adipogenesis when it was added for 0-3 h after initiation of adipogenesis. Moreover, GA reduced the mRNA levels of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) ß and C/EBPδ, both of which activate the early stage of adipogenesis. Furthermore, GA decreased phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK: p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)] in the early stage of adipogenesis. In addition, a MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitor, PD98059 reduced the C/EBPß and C/EBPδ gene expression. These results indicate that GA suppressed the early stage of adipogenesis through repressing the MEK/ERK-mediated C/EBPß and C/EBPδ expression in 3T3-L1 cells. Thus, GA has an anti-adipogenic ability and a possible agent for treatment of obesity.


Assuntos
Adipogenia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Proteína delta de Ligação ao Facilitador CCAAT/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Células 3T3-L1 , Animais , Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Proteína delta de Ligação ao Facilitador CCAAT/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/metabolismo , Lipólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
17.
Life Sci ; 282: 119794, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237312

RESUMO

AIMS: Engineered conduction tissues (ECTs) fabricated from cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and collagen sponges were precisely targeted for the treatment of atrioventricular conduction block in our previous studies. However, obvious shrinkage and deformation of ECTs was observed during in vitro culture. According to the literature, it can be speculated that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) may downregulate alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) produced by CPCs to prevent the shrinkage of CPC-engineered conduction tissues. MAIN METHODS: In this study, culture media with or without bFGF were used for both cell culture and 3D tissue construction. The expression of α-SMA and the size change of engineered tissue were analyzed to evaluate the feasibility of adding bFGF to regulate α-SMA expression and shrinkage of constructs. In addition, cardiac-specific examinations were performed to evaluate the effect of bFGF on cardiac tissue formation. KEY FINDINGS: Supplementation with bFGF efficiently relieved shrinkage of engineered tissue by downregulating the expression of α-SMA at both the cellular and 3D tissue levels. Moreover, bFGF had a positive influence on cardiac tissue formation in terms of cell viability, tissue organization and electrical conduction velocity. SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides a guide for both shape control and quality improvement of CPC-engineered cardiac tissues.


Assuntos
Actinas/genética , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Miocárdio/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Animais , Tamanho Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Tecidos Suporte/química
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298882

RESUMO

Platelets can modulate cancer through budding of platelet microparticles (PMPs) that can transfer a plethora of bioactive molecules to cancer cells upon internalization. In acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) this can induce chemoresistance, partially through a decrease in cell activity. Here we investigated if the internalization of PMPs protected the monocytic AML cell line, THP-1, from apoptosis by decreasing the initial cellular damage inflicted by treatment with daunorubicin, or via direct modulation of the apoptotic response. We examined whether PMPs could protect against apoptosis after treatment with a selection of inducers, primarily associated with either the intrinsic or the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, and protection was restricted to the agents targeting intrinsic apoptosis. Furthermore, levels of daunorubicin-induced DNA damage, assessed by measuring gH2AX, were reduced in both 2N and 4N cells after PMP co-incubation. Measuring different BCL2-family proteins before and after treatment with daunorubicin revealed that PMPs downregulated the pro-apoptotic PUMA protein. Thus, our findings indicated that PMPs may protect AML cells against apoptosis by reducing DNA damage both dependent and independent of cell cycle phase, and via direct modulation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway by downregulating PUMA. These findings further support the clinical relevance of platelets and PMPs in AML.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/fisiologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/fisiologia , Daunorrubicina/farmacologia , Células THP-1/fisiologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/fisiologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Células THP-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células THP-1/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204139

RESUMO

The prohibitin (PHB)-binding compound fluorizoline as well as PHB-downregulation activate the integrated stress response (ISR) in HEK293T and U2OS human cell lines. This activation is denoted by phosphorylation of eIF2α and increases in ATF4, ATF3, and CHOP protein levels. The blockage of the activation of the ISR by overexpression of GRP78, as well as an increase in IRE1 activity, indicate the presence of ER stress after fluorizoline treatment. The inhibition of the ER stress response in HEK293T and U2OS led to increased sensitivity to fluorizoline-induced apoptosis, indicating a pro-survival role of this pathway after fluorizoline treatment in these cell lines. Fluorizoline induced an increase in calcium concentration in the cytosol and the mitochondria. Finally, two different calcium chelators reduced fluorizoline-induced apoptosis in U2OS cells. Thus, we have found that fluorizoline causes increased ER stress and activation of the integrated stress response, which in HEK293T and U2OS cells are protective against fluorizoline-induced apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Respiração Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208365

RESUMO

The development of DNA microarray and RNA-sequencing technology has led to an explosion in the generation of transcriptomic differential expression data under a wide range of biologic systems including those recapitulating the monogenic muscular dystrophies. Data generation has increased exponentially due in large part to new platforms, improved cost-effectiveness, and processing speed. However, reproducibility and thus reliability of data remain a central issue, particularly when resource constraints limit experiments to single replicates. This was observed firsthand in a recent rare disease drug repurposing project involving RNA-seq-based transcriptomic profiling of primary cerebrocortical cultures incubated with clinic-ready blood-brain penetrant drugs. Given the low validation rates obtained for single differential expression genes, alternative approaches to identify with greater confidence genes that were truly differentially expressed in our dataset were explored. Here we outline a method for differential expression data analysis in the context of drug repurposing for rare diseases that incorporates the statistical rigour of the multigene analysis to bring greater predictive power in assessing individual gene modulation. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis upstream regulator analysis was applied to the differentially expressed genes from the Care4Rare Neuron Drug Screen transcriptomic database to identify three distinct signaling networks each perturbed by a different drug and involving a central upstream modulating protein: levothyroxine (DIO3), hydroxyurea (FOXM1), dexamethasone (PPARD). Differential expression of upstream regulator network related genes was next assessed in in vitro and in vivo systems by qPCR, revealing 5× and 10× increases in validation rates, respectively, when compared with our previous experience with individual genes in the dataset not associated with a network. The Ingenuity Pathway Analysis based gene prioritization may increase the predictive value of drug-gene interactions, especially in the context of assessing single-gene modulation in single-replicate experiments.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tiroxina/farmacologia , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...