Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.907
Filtrar
1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5311-5327, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: MiR-221, often described both as an oncogenic microRNA and as a tumour suppressor, targets mRNAs involved in carcinogenesis. While other oncogenic microRNAs showed correlations with prostate cancer cell lines' aggressiveness, miR-221 showed an unusual overexpression in PC3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRISPR was used to delete miR-221 from PC3 cells. Analysing the characteristics of PC3miR-221del cells, a reduced growth rate and expression of cell-cycle genes was observed. In global gene expression/ontology analysis of PC3miR-221del cells, cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion pathways were found to be greatly affected. In addition, reduced levels of adhesion, invasion and motility for PC3miR-221del cells, a change in F-actin localisation and a reduction of EMT markers were observed. RESULTS: The tumour suppressor gene, DIRAS3, was a predicted target of miR-221. In PC3miR-221del cells DIRAS3 was up-regulated at the gene and protein level. Ectopic expression of DIRAS3 in PC3wt cells recapitulated the cellular morphology changes seen in PC3miR-221del cells. DIRAS3 3'UTR was more stable in PC3miR-221del cells, as measured by semi-quantitative PCR and luciferase fusion reporter assays. CONCLUSION: MiR-221 promotes aggressiveness of PC3 cells by down-regulating DIRAS3, and promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Oncogenes/genética , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5361-5367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The mechanism responsible for B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) down-regulation in breast carcinoma remains unknown. We examined the BTG1 expression status in breast carcinoma cells and investigated the mechanism underlying the observed alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four breast carcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7), and one normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) were analyzed. BTG1 expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. Methylation status of the BTG1 promoter was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To investigate the effect of methylation on BTG1, the cells were treated with a demethylating agent. RESULTS: The carcinoma cells expressed significantly lower levels of BTG1 mRNA and protein than normal cells. The BTG1 promoter was highly methylated in the carcinoma cells. 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine significantly restored BTG1 expression. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of BTG1 expression through epigenetic repression is involved in mammary carcinogenesis. BTG1 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética
3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2273-2283, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent research has classified lung adenocarcinoma patients with KRAS mutation into three subtypes by co-occurring genetic events in TP53 (KP subgroup), STK11/LKB1 (KL subgroup) and CDKN2A/B inactivation plus TTF-1 low expression (KC subgroup). The aim of this study was to identify valuable biomarkers by searching the candidate molecules that contribute to lung adenocarcinoma pathogenesis, especially KC subtype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the publicly available database and identified the candidate REG4 using the E-GEOD-31210 dataset, and then confirmed by TCGA dataset. In addition, an independent cohort of 55 clinical samples was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Functional studies and RNA sequencing were performed after silencing the REG4 expression. RESULTS: REG4, an important regulator of gastro-intestinal carcinogenesis, was highly expressed in KRAS mutant lung adenocarcinoma with low expression of TTF-1 (KC subtype). The results were validated both by gene expression analysis and immunohistochemistry study in an independent 55 clinical samples from Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. Further in vitro and in vivo functional assays revealed silencing REG4 expression significantly reduces cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Moreover, RNA sequencing and GSEA analysis displayed that REG4 knockdown might induce cell cycle arrest by regulating G2/M checkpoint and E2F targets. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that REG4 plays an important role in KRAS-driven lung cancer pathogenesis and is a novel biomarker of lung adenocarcinoma subtype. Future studies are required to clarify the underlying mechanisms of REG4 in the division and proliferation of KC tumors and its potential therapeutic value.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteínas Associadas a Pancreatite/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5017-5032, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371944

RESUMO

Background: Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major anti-inflammatory compound in green tea, has been shown to suppress osteoclast (OC) differentiation. However, the low aqueous solubility of EGCG always leads to poor bioavailability, adverse effects, and several drawbacks for clinical applications. Purpose: In this study, we synthesized EGCG-capped gold nanoparticles (EGCG-GNPs) to solve the drawbacks for clinical uses of EGCG in bone destruction disorders by direct reduction of HAuCl4 in EGCG aqueous solution. Methods and Results: The obtained EGCG-GNPs were negatively charged and spherical. Theoretical calculation results suggested that EGCG was released from GNPs in an acidic environment. Cellular uptake study showed an obviously large amount of intracellular EGCG-GNPs without cytotoxicity. EGCG-GNPs exhibited better effects in reducing intracellular reactive oxygen species levels than free EGCG. A more dramatic anti-osteoclastogenic effect induced by EGCG-GNPs than free EGCG was observed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated bone marrow macrophages, including decreased formation of TRAP-positive multinuclear cells and actin rings. Meanwhile, EGCG-GNPs not only suppressed the mRNA expression of genetic markers of OC differentiation but also inhibited MAPK signaling pathways. Furthermore, we confirmed that EGCG-GNPs greatly reversed bone resorption in the LPS-induced calvarial bone erosion model in vivo, which was more effective than applying free EGCG, specifically in inhibiting the number of OCs, improving bone density, and preventing bone loss. Conclusion: EGCG-GNPs showed better anti-osteoclastogenic effect than free EGCG in vitro and in vivo, indicating their potential in anti-bone resorption treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Ouro/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reabsorção Óssea/patologia , Catequina/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Ligantes , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Biológicos , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Crânio/patologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Gene ; 714: 143994, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330233

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potentially regulates tumorigenesis. LncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) expression remains high in hepatocellular carcinoma cells; however, its biological mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma remains unknown. In this study, SNHG1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cells was detected by qRT-PCR. Proliferative and migratory potentials of hepatocellular carcinoma cells were determined by CCK-8 and Transwell assay, respectively. Then, the nude mice model of xenograft was employed to verify the effect of SNHG1 on tumor formation in vivo. We identified the potential target of SNHG1 through bioinformatics and dual-luciferase reporter gene. Furthermore, Western blot and RIP assay was used for clarifying their interaction and functions in regulating the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Our results indicated a high expression of SNHG1 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Downregulation of SNHG1 inhibited proliferative and migratory potentials of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the expression of programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) was positively regulated by SNHG1 through competing with miR-195-5p. These results indicated that SNHG1 participated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma as a ceRNA to competitively bind to miR-195-5p and thus mediate PDCD4 expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
6.
Gene ; 714: 143992, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330234

RESUMO

Increasing studies have demonstrated the important roles of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human malignancies. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms and functions of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated circ_0021093 expression in 82 pairs of HCC tissues and 5 cell lines by qRT-PCR. The clinical implications of circ_0021093 were evaluated. In addition, the viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion capacities of different HCC cells were evaluated by gain-/loss-of-function experiments. Target prediction and dual-luciferase reporter experiments were performed to identify the molecular mechanisms of circ_0021093. Upregulation of circ_0021093 was found in HCC tumor samples and cells. Additionally, upregulated circ_0021093 was related to adverse clinical characteristics and an unfavorable prognosis. Furthermore, downregulated circ_0021093 attenuated cell growth, migration and invasion but increased cell apoptosis. By contrast, ectopically expressed circ_0021093 enhanced the abovementioned malignant biological behaviors. For mechanism exploration, circ_0021093 sponges of miR-766-3p were used in HCC cells. In addition, we found that metastasis-associated protein 3 (MTA3) was a direct target of miR-766-3p and that the oncogenic function of circ_0021093 was partly dependent on the miR-766-3p/MTA3 axis according to rescue assays. In conclusion, the circ_0021093/miR-766-3p/MTA3 regulatory axis may be an effective therapeutic target for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima/genética
7.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 35, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. NSCLC diagnosed at an early stage can be highly curable with a positive prognosis, but biomarker limitations make it difficult to diagnose lung cancer at an early stage. To identify biomarkers for lung cancer development, we previously focused on the oncogenic roles of transcription factor TFAP2C in lung cancers and revealed the molecular mechanism of several oncogenes in lung tumorigenesis based on TFAP2C-related microarray analysis. RESULTS: In this study, we analyzed microarray data to identify tumor suppressor genes and nine genes downregulated by TFAP2C were screened. Among the nine genes, we focused on growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible beta (GADD45B) and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (PMAIP1) as representative TFAP2C-regulated tumor suppressor genes. It was observed that overexpressed TFAP2C resulted in inhibition of GADD45B and PMAIP1 expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels in NSCLC cells. In addition, downregulation of GADD45B and PMAIP1 by TFAP2C promoted cell proliferation and cell motility, which are closely associated with NSCLC tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that GADD45B and PMAIP1 could be promising tumor suppressors for NSCLC and might be useful as prognostic markers for use in NSCLC therapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor/fisiologia , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Interferente Pequeno/análise
8.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 38, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second common malignant cancer among females worldwide. Accumulating studies have indicated that deregulation of miRNA expression in breast cancer will contribute to tumorigenesis and form different cancer subtypes. However, the reported studies on miR-29b-3p-regulated breast cancer are limited so far. Herein, we investigated the role and mechanism of miR-29b-3p in the triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. METHODS: The relative miR-29b-3p expression in different breast cancer cell lines were determined by qRT-PCR. CCK8 and colony formation assay were used to determine the influence of miR-29b-3p on cell proliferation. Migration assay and invasion assay were performed for cell migration and invasion respectively. To study the cell integrity immunofluorescence was performed. TUNEL assay, flow cytometry assay, hoechst staining and western blot were conducted to determine the influence of miR-29b-3p inhibitor on cell apoptosis. TRAF3 was found to be the target gene of miR-29b-3p using bioinformatics predictions. Dual-luciferase assay was performed to determine the relative luciferase activity in NC, miR-29b-3p mimic, miR-29b-3p inhibitor with TRAF3 3'-UTR wt or TRAF3 3'-UTR mt reporter plasmids. The proteins expression of NF-κB signaling pathway in MDA-MB-231 after transfection with NC, miR-29b-3p mimic, miR-29b-3p inhibitor were determined by western blot. RESULTS: The miR-29b-3p expression was significantly increased in MDA-MB-231 compare with MCF-10A. miR-29b-3p inhibitor reduced the cell viability of MDA-MB-231 and inhibited cell migration and invasion. Cell cytoskeleton integrity destroyed after miR-29b-3p inhibitor treatment. Furthermore, we identified the mechanism and found miR-29b-3p targets the TRAF3 and activates NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: From the above studies, our results indicated that miR-29b-3p acts as a promoter for the development of MDA-MB-231.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Luciferases/metabolismo , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16546, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348274

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a malignant tumor with high morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis remains a great challenge for the cancer. In this study, we aimed to explore diagnostic performance of serum microRNA-520f (miR-520f) in lung cancer.Serum specimens were collected from 139 lung cancer patients and 76 healthy volunteers. Relative expression level of serum miR-520f was detected adopting quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Chi-square test was applied to evaluate the association of miR-520f with clinical parameters of the patients. Additionally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate diagnostic value of miR-520f in lung cancer.Serum miR-520f was down-regulated in lung cancer patients compared with healthy group (P <.001). Moreover, the expression of miR-520f was significantly associated with advanced TNM stage (P = .031) and metastasis (P = .002). The area under the curve (AUC) value of ROC curve was 0.888, suggesting that miR-520f could be a diagnostic biomarker for lung cancer. The cut-off value of serum miR-520f for lung cancer diagnosis was 1.815, with a sensitivity of 79.9% and a specificity of 84.2%.Serum miR-520f was down-regulated in lung cancer patients, and may be a candidate biomarker for non-invasive screening of the disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/sangue , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência
10.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 38, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182966

RESUMO

Background: Exploration of the genes with abnormal expression during the development of breast cancer is essential to provide a deeper understanding of the mechanisms involved. Transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis of invasive ductal carcinoma and paracancerous tissues from the same patient were performed to identify the key genes and signaling pathways related to breast cancer development. Methods: Samples of breast tumor tissue and paracancerous breast tissue were obtained from 6 patients. Sequencing used the Illumina HiSeq platform. All. Only perfectly matched clean reads were mapped to the reference genome database, further analyzed and annotated based on the reference genome information. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the DESeq R package (1.10.1) and DEGSeq R package (1.12.0). Using KOBAS software to execute the KEGG bioinformatics analyses, enriched signaling pathways of DEGs involved in the occurrence of breast cancer were determined. Subsequently, quantitative real time PCR was used to verify the accuracy of the expression profile of key DEGs from the RNA-seq result and to explore the expression patterns of novel cancer-related genes on 8 different clinical individuals. Results: The transcriptomic sequencing results showed 937 DEGs, including 487 upregulated and 450 downregulated genes in the breast cancer specimens. Further quantitative gene expression analysis was performed and captured 252 DEGs (201 downregulated and 51 upregulated) that showed the same differential expression pattern in all libraries. Finally, 6 upregulated DEGs (CST2, DRP2, CLEC5A, SCD, KIAA1211, DTL) and 6 downregulated DEGs (STAC2, BTNL9, CA4, CD300LG, GPIHBP1 and PIGR), were confirmed in a quantitative real time PCR comparison of breast cancer and paracancerous breast tissues from 8 clinical specimens. KEGG analysis revealed various pathway changes, including 20 upregulated and 21 downregulated gene enrichment pathways. The extracellular matrix-receptor (ECM-receptor) interaction pathway was the most enriched pathway: all genes in this pathway were DEGs, including the THBS family, collagen and fibronectin. These DEGs and the ECM-receptor interaction pathway may perform important roles in breast cancer. Conclusion: Several potential breast cancer-related genes and pathways were captured, including 7 novel upregulated genes and 76 novel downregulated genes that were not found in other studies. These genes are related to cell proliferation, movement and adhesion. They may be important for research into breast cancer mechanisms, particularly CST2 and CA4. A key signaling pathway, the ECM-receptor interaction signal pathway, was also identified as possibly involved in the development of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
11.
Cell Prolif ; 52(4): e12648, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) exist extensively in the eukaryotic genome. The study aimed to identify the role of hsa_circ_0008365 (Circ-SERPINE2) in gastric carcinoma (GC) cells and its downstream mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was applied to screen differentially expressed circRNAs. CircInteractome, TargetScan and miRecords websites were used to predict target relationships. qRT-PCR and RNase R treatment were utilised to detect molecule expression and confirm the existence of circ-SERPINE2. RNA pull-down assay and dual-luciferase reporter assay were performed for interaction between circRNA and miRNA or mRNA. EdU assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry for apoptosis and cell cycle detections were utilised to assess cell function. Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were applied for detection of proteins in tissues or cells. RESULTS: Circ-SERPINE2 and YWHAZ were upregulated, and miR-375 was downregulated in GC tissues and cells. Circ-SERPINE2 and YWHAZ targetedly bound to miR-375. Circ-SERPINE2 promoted cell proliferation and cell cycle progress and inhibited cell apoptosis by sponging miR-375 and regulating YWHAZ expression in vitro. Circ-SERPINE2 repressed solid tumour growth through enhancing miR-375 expression and reducing YWHAZ expression in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Circ-SERPINE2 is a novel proliferative promoter through the regulation of miR-375/YWHAZ. Circ-SERPINE2/miR-375/YWHAZ axis might provide a novel therapeutic target of GC.


Assuntos
Proteínas 14-3-3/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Serpina E2/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , RNA , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Regulação para Cima/genética
12.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2368-2377, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222863

RESUMO

Macrophages are essential inflammatory cells which regulate the features of immune reactions within tumors. Many studies have reported their regulatory roles in immunity through cytokines and cell signaling. However, relatively few studies have focused on their metabolic features and mechanisms. We aimed to determine the signaling pathway regulating cell metabolism and the mechanism related to the regulation of human tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in gastric cancer (GC). Tumor-infiltrated macrophages were isolated from human GC tissues using magnetic beads, gene transcription was determined by real-time PCR, protein expression was monitored using western blots, metabolites were determined using HPLC, and transcriptional regulation was analyzed by the luciferase-based reporter gene system. A significant decrease in microRNA (miR)-30c and an increase in regulated in development and DNA damage responses 1 (REDD1) were detected in human GC TAMs, the transcription of miR-30c was negatively correlated with REDD1. MicroRNA-30c expression was suppressed by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α activation and related to decreased mTOR activity as well as glycolysis in human GC TAMs. Hypoxia-regulated miR-30c downregulated REDD-1 expression by targeting its 3'UTR. Overexpression of miR-30c or restored mTOR activity in macrophages with miR-30cLow expression promoted M1 macrophage differentiation and function in TAMs. Therefore, hypoxia in the human GC microenvironment suppressed the expression of miR-30c, and decreased mTOR activity as well as glycolysis in GC TAMs, thus inhibiting M1 differentiation and function. These results provide a novel metabolic strategy for tumor microenvironment-based therapy.


Assuntos
Glicólise/genética , Hipóxia/genética , Macrófagos/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Hipóxia/patologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
13.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(6): e8399, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166382

RESUMO

Imatinib is the first line of therapy for patients with metastatic or gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). However, drug resistance limits the long-term effect of imatinib. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key players in regulating drug resistance in cancer. In this study, we investigated the association between lncRNA CCDC26 and IGF-1R in GIST and their involvement in drug resistance. Considering the key role of lncRNAs in drug resistance in cancer, we hypothesized that IGF-1R is regulated by lncRNAs. The expression of a series of reported drug resistance-related lncRNAs, including CCDC26, ARF, H19, NBR2, NEAT1, and HOTAIR, in GIST cells treated with imatinib H19 was examined at various time-points by qRT-PCR. Based on our results and published literature, CCDC26, a strongly down-regulated lncRNA following imatinib treatment, was chosen as our research target. GIST cells with high expression of CCDC26 were sensitive to imatinib treatment while knockdown of CCDC26 significantly increased the resistance to imatinib. Furthermore, we found that CCDC26 interacted with c-KIT by RNA pull down, and that CCDC26 knockdown up-regulated the expression of IGF-1R. Moreover, IGF-1R inhibition reversed CCDC26 knockdown-mediated imatinib resistance in GIST. These results indicated that treatments targeting CCDC26-IGF-1R axis would be useful in increasing sensitivity to imatinib in GIST.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptores de Somatomedina/genética , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores de Somatomedina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2540-2548, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162779

RESUMO

Drug resistance makes treatment difficult in cancers. The present study identifies and analyzes drug resistance-related miRNA in colorectal cancer. We established 4 types of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant colon cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. We then analyzed the miRNA expression profile by miRNA array in these 4 cell lines, and identified the drug resistance-related miRNAs. We examined the expression levels of the identified miRNA in 112 colorectal tumor samples from the patients. We identified 12 possible miRNAs involved in 5-FU resistance by miRNA arrays. We then examined the relationship between miR-31, which was the most promising among them, and drug resistance. The ectopic expression of mimic miR-31 showed significant 5-FU resistance in the parental DLD-1 cells, while anti-miR-31 caused significant growth inhibition in DLD/F cells; that is, 5-FU-resistant colon cancer cell line DLD-1 under exposure to 5-FU. When we exposed high doses of 5-FU to parent or 5-FU-resistant cells, the expression levels of miR-31 were raised higher than those of controls. Notably, the expression levels of miR-31 were positively correlated with the grade of clinical stages of colorectal tumors. The protein expression levels of factors inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor 1 were downregulated by transfection of mimic miR-31 into DLD-1 cells. This study provides evidence supporting the association of miR-31 with 5-FU drug resistance and clinical stages of colorectal tumors.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Transfecção/métodos
15.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2549-2557, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162771

RESUMO

Cancer treatment, especially that for breast and lung cancer, has entered a new era and continues to evolve, with the development of genome analysis technology and the advent of molecular targeted drugs including tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Nevertheless, acquired drug resistance to molecular targeted drugs is unavoidable, creating a clinically challenging problem. We recently reported the antitumor effect of a pan-HER inhibitor, afatinib, against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-amplified gastric cancer cells. The purpose of the present study was to identify the mechanisms of acquired afatinib resistance and to investigate the treatment strategies for HER2-amplified gastric cancer cells. Two afatinib-resistant gastric cancer cell lines were established from 2 HER2-amplified cell lines, N87 and SNU216. Subsequently, we investigated the molecular profiles of resistant cells. The activation of the HER2 pathway was downregulated in N87-derived resistant cells, whereas it was upregulated in SNU216-derived resistant cells. In the N87-derived cell line, both MET and AXL were activated, and combination treatment with afatinib and cabozantinib, a multikinase inhibitor that inhibits MET and AXL, suppressed the cell growth of cells with acquired resistance both in vitro and in vivo. In the SNU216-derived cell line, YES1, which is a member of the Src family, was remarkably activated, and dasatinib, a Src inhibitor, exerted a strong antitumor effect in these cells. In conclusion, we identified MET and AXL activation in addition to YES1 activation as novel mechanisms of afatinib resistance in HER2-driven gastric cancer. Our results also indicated that treatment strategies targeting individual mechanisms of resistance are key to overcoming such resistance.


Assuntos
Afatinib/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Anilidas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-yes/genética , Piridinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Quinases da Família src/genética
16.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 42, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164173

RESUMO

Haemonchus contortus (H. contortus) has evolved sophisticated evasion mechanisms to ensure their survival, including generating excretion and secretion products (ESPs) to regulate the secretion of host cytokines. Interleukin 4 (IL4) is a classic T-helper cell type 2 (Th2)-type cytokine that plays an irreplaceable role against nematode infection. In this study, three proteins, glutathione S-transferase domain containing protein (HcGST), transthyretin domain containing protein (HcTTR) and calponin actin-binding domain containing protein (HcCab), were identified to bind to goat IL4 by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays and yeast two-hybrid screening. Additionally, cell proliferation analysis showed that HcTTR blocked the IL4-induced proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in goats, while HcGST and HcCab did not. In addition, HcTTR could also downregulate the transcription of candidate genes in the IL4-induced JAK/STAT pathway. These results indicated that HcTTR is a novel antagonist against goat IL4 from HcESPs, and this information could improve our understanding of the relationship between host cytokines and parasite infections.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/genética , Cabras/fisiologia , Haemonchus/genética , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Interleucina-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Albumina/genética , Animais , Cabras/parasitologia , Haemonchus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Helminto/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores de Albumina/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética
17.
Gene ; 709: 1-7, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108165

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic, multifactorial metabolic disease whereby insulin deficiency or resistance results in hyperglycemia. A sustained high glucose environment results in inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not entirely clear. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are recognized as functional non-coding RNAs involved in diverse biological processes, including DM. Previous studies have found that hsa_circ_0068087 is increased in DM patients. In order to identify whether hsa_circ_0068087 plays a role in high glucose (HG)-induced inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVECs), quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRTPCR), tube formation assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and bifluorescein reporter experiments were employed in this study. The results showed that the expression of hsa_circ_0068087 was upregulated in HUVECs following increases in glucose. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0068087 suppressed HG-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inflammation by suppression of the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway. Downregulation of miR-197 reversed hsa_circ_0068087 silence-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inflammation in the HG condition. It was found that TLR4 was the target of miR-197 and that overexpression of TLR4 ameliorated miR-197-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inhibited inflammation in the HG condition. Bifluorescein report experiments confirmed that miR-197 is a potential target of hsa_circ_0068087 and that TLR4 is a potential miR-197 target. Taken together, these results suggest that downregulation of hsa_circ_0068087 ameliorates TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction in the high glucose condition by sponging miR-197.


Assuntos
Glucose/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/fisiologia , Inflamação/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA/genética , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
18.
Cell Prolif ; 52(4): e12611, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054182

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Epigenetic modifiers were important players in the development of haematological malignancies and sensitivity to therapy. Mutations of SET domain-containing 2 (SETD2), a methyltransferase that catalyses the trimethylation of histone 3 on lysine 36 (H3K36me3), were found in various myeloid malignancies. However, the detailed mechanisms through which SETD2 confers chronic myeloid leukaemia progression and resistance to therapy targeting on BCR-ABL remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The level of SETD2 in imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cells was examined by immunoblotting and quantitative real-time PCR. We analysed CD34+ CD38- leukaemic stem cells by flow cytometry and colony formation assays upon SETD2 knockdown or overexpression. The impact of SETD2 expression alterations or small-molecule inhibitor JIB-04 targeting H3K36me3 loss on imatinib sensitivity was assessed by IC50, cell apoptosis and proliferation assays. Finally, RNA sequencing and ChIP-quantitative PCR were performed to verify putative downstream targets. RESULTS: SETD2 was found to act as a tumour suppressor in CML. The novel oncogenic targets MYCN and ERG were shown to be the direct downstream targets of SETD2, where their overexpression induced by SETD2 knockdown caused imatinib insensitivity and leukaemic stem cell enrichment in CML cell lines. Treatment with JIB-04, an inhibitor that restores H3K36me3 levels through blockade of its demethylation, successfully improved the cell imatinib sensitivity and enhanced the chemotherapeutic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our study not only emphasizes the regulatory mechanism of SETD2 in CML, but also provides promising therapeutic strategies for overcoming the imatinib resistance in patients with CML.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Histona Metiltransferases/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia
19.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 28, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061665

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor with a pivotal role in physiological and pathological responses to hypoxia. While HIF-1α is known to be involved in hypoxia-induced upregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression, HIF-1α is also targeted by miRNAs. In this study, miRNAs targeting HIF-1α were identified and their effects on its expression and downstream target genes under hypoxic conditions were investigated. Cell migration under the same conditions was also assessed. Methods: microRNAs that target HIF-1α were screened using 3'-untranslated region luciferase (3'-UTR-luciferase) reporter assays. The expression levels of HIF-1α and its downstream target genes after transfection with miRNA were assessed using quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analyses. The effect of the miRNAs on the transcriptional activity of HIF-1α was determined using hypoxia-responsive element luciferase (HRE-luciferase) assays. Cell migration under hypoxia was examined using the wound-healing assay. Results: Several of the 19 screened miRNAs considerably decreased the luciferase activity. Transfection with miR-200c had substantial impact on the expression level and transcription activity of HIF-1α. The mRNA level of HIF-1α downstream genes decreased in response to miR-200c overexpression. MiR-200c inhibited cell migration in normoxia and, to a greater extent, in hypoxia. These effects were partly reversed by HIF-1α expression under hypoxic conditions. Conclusion: miR-200c negatively affects hypoxia-induced responses by downregulating HIF-1α, a key regulator of hypoxia. Therefore, overexpression of miR-200c might have therapeutic potential as an anticancer agent that inhibits tumor hypoxia.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Sequência de Bases , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Luciferases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Cicatrização
20.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(5): 414-422, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016902

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in China and poses high morbidity and mortality. In recent years, increasing evidence has indicated that microRNAs played important functions in the occurrence and development of tumors. The purpose of this study was to identify the biological mechanisms of miR-362 in CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was carried out to assess the expression of miR-362 and SIX1. The Kaplan-Meier method was employed to evaluate the 5-year overall survival of CRC patients. The proliferative and invasive abilities of CRC cells were assessed by MTT and transwell assays. RESULTS: miR-362 was significantly decreased in CRC tissues and cell lines, compared to the normal tissues and normal cells. A significant connection was confirmed between the overall survival of 53 CRC patients and low expression of miR-362. Downregulation of miR-362 inhibited the proliferation and invasion through binding to the 3'-UTR of SIX1 mRNA in CRC. Additionally, we discovered that SIX1 was a direct target gene of miR-362 and that the expression of miR-362 had a negative connection with SIX1 expression in CRC. SIX1 could reverse partial functions in the proliferation and invasion in CRC cells. CONCLUSION: miR-362 may be a prognostic marker in CRC and suppress CRC cell proliferation and invasion in part through targeting the 3'-UTR of SIX1 mRNA. The newly identified miR-362/SIX1 axis provides insight into the progression of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA