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1.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e048761, 2021 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Carer's self-initiated management strategies of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) can inform intervention development. These strategies are affected by cultural values. Little is known about non-Western dementia carers' BPSD management strategies. This study aimed to explore self-initiated strategies in managing BPSD adopted by Chinese carers. DESIGN: Qualitative study using thematic framework method. SETTING: Community setting in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: 16 dementia carers with purposive sampling to include carers of different relationships to the people living with dementia (PLwD), education level and living arrangement. RESULTS: Six overarching themes emerged from the data: (1) maintaining personhood in PLwD, (2) responding positively to BPSD, (3) explanation and bargaining, (4) responding negatively to BPSD, (5) controlling upsetting thoughts, and (6) getting respite care. Chinese carers treasured warm and supportive family relationships. They identified and minimised triggers to alleviate BPSD. Some carers struggled with care tasks and reacted with confrontation and avoidance. Changing attitudes and getting social and emotional support were described to manage carers' distress. Few self-care strategies including getting respite care were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Carers' self-initiated strategies largely aligned with existing theoretical frameworks in BPSD management, such as person-centred approach, and echoed Asian culture, which advocates filial piety and supportive family relationships. While these cultural values encourage the engagement of people living with dementia in the normal process of family life, they may also prevent carers from taking time away from care. Interventions could support carers by enhancing their knowledge and skills in managing BPSD, providing social and emotional support, and providing guidance in self-care. Future cross-cultural research could explore factors contributing to how carers manage BPSD and how interventions could be culturally adapted to facilitate carers to apply learnt skills in daily practice and hence benefit the people living with dementia and carer population.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Demência , Sintomas Comportamentais , Relações Familiares , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371913

RESUMO

Promoting children's healthy diets is a key public health priority. Family can play a relevant role in children's eating patterns. The goals of the current research were to identify different latent diet profiles in children based on their food consumption and to assess the relationship between profiles and family-related factors. A total of 678 school-aged children from the fifth and sixth grades participated. The study design was cross-sectional and questionnaire based. Research assessed healthy (fruit and vegetables) and unhealthy (fast food, sugar-sweetened beverages, and candies) food consumption and family-related factors. A latent profile analysis and multivariate data analysis were developed. Four diet profiles were identified: Combined Diet, Mainly Healthy Diet, Mainly Unhealthy Diet, and Very Unhealthy Diet. Nearly half of the children (45.22%) showed a Combined Diet profile, meaning that they reported eating nearly the same amount of healthy and unhealthy types of foods. Associations between the diet profiles, family income, and food availability were found. For example, the Mainly Healthy Diet profile was statistically associated with a higher family income and less access to unhealthy foods. The present study reinforces the idea that profiling diets can allow for a tailored healthy eating intervention model according to the specific needs of each diet profile.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Dieta Saudável , Gorduras na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Açúcares da Dieta/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Frutas , Valor Nutritivo , Verduras , Fatores Etários , Criança , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Poder Familiar , Recomendações Nutricionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 192, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of family functioning on oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and dental caries status among 4- to 6-year-old Chinese pre-school children in Malaysia. METHODOLOGY: This study was approved by the institutional Joint Research and Ethics Committee, International Medical University, Malaysia (number 373/2016); consisted of 180 eligible pre-school children from a private school. Study tools included demographic, clinical oral health data form, the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and family functioning-12-item general functioning subscale. Written consent was sought prior to data collection. Data were analysed by SPSS v.22.0; descriptive statistics for socio-demographic details, clinical information, HRQoL and FAD scores. The parametric tests included independent sample t test and ANOVA to evaluate the associations between the dependent variable. Binary logistic regression models were applied to assess the impacts on OHRQoL (P value < 0.05). RESULTS: A response rate of 80.5% was achieved. Sample means for FAD-GF12 scores ranged < 2, indicating normal family functioning. The ECOHIS scores mean was 0.52 (SD = 0.68). In the children impact section the highest score of impacts 20 was noted followed by family impact section with the score of 12. It was observed that children with dental caries had a significant (P = 0.014) negative impact on OHRQoL (mean 0.72, SD = 0.50) as compared to children with no caries (mean 0.34 SD = 0.39). The bivariate regression analysis after getting adjusted indicated three predictors associated to poor HRQoL: having two or more siblings (OR = 4.73, P = 0.013), relationship (mother) of the respondent to the child (OR = 2.86, P = 0.013) and having dental caries (OR = 8.12, P ≤ 0.001). CONCLUSION: Findings of this study indicates that number of siblings, relationship of the respondent to the child and dental caries status are independently associated with health-related quality of life. However, family functioning does not mediate poor HRQoL in association to dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Família/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210069

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to conduct in-depth individual interviews with 30 African American adolescents with overweight and obesity and their families (caregiver/adolescent dyads) to gain a better understanding of how to integrate stress and coping essential elements into an existing family-based health promotion program for weight loss. Interview data from 30 African American adolescents with overweight and obesity (Mage = 15.30 ± 2.18; MBMI%-ile = 96.7 ± 3.90) were transcribed and coded for themes using inductive and deductive approaches by two independent coders. Inter-rater reliability was acceptable (r = 0.70-0.80) and discrepancies were resolved to 100% agreement. The themes were guided by the Relapse Prevention Model, which focuses on assessing barriers of overall coping capacity in high stress situations that may undermine health behavior change (physical activity, diet, weight loss). Prominent themes included feeling stressed primarily in response to relationship conflicts within the family and among peers, school responsibilities, and negative emotions (anxiety, depression, anger). A mix of themes emerged related to coping strategies ranging from cognitive reframing and distraction to avoidant coping. Recommendations for future programs include addressing sources of stress and providing supportive resources, as well as embracing broader systems such as neighborhoods and communities. Implications for future intervention studies are discussed.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adolescente , Terapia Comportamental , Criança , Dieta/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/terapia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Programas de Redução de Peso
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(6): 2355-2364, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231745

RESUMO

The scope of this study is to evaluate factors related to family dysfunction (FD) among 227 randomly selected nonagenarians and centenarians in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, who were visited and assessed in their homes. FD was evaluated by the "Family APGAR score," being considered with FD from 0 to 6, and without FD from 7 to 10 in this study. Sociodemographic and economic data, physical functionality, health self-perception, comorbidities, depressive symptoms, cognitive function, social support and interaction were evaluated. The mean APGAR score was 9.05±1.81, and FD occurred in 9.69% of the participants. Among the health conditions, the self-perception of health (p=0.0003), the number of depressive symptoms (p<0.0001), receiving visits (p=0.0994), having recourse to help in case of illness (p=0.0090), and the need for help to administer medication (p=0.0602), were significantly related to FD. In the adjusted analysis, self-perception of health, the presence of depressive symptoms and the need for help in administering medication were associated with FD among nonagenarians and centenarians. These factors may influence the satisfaction of nonagenarians and centenarians with their family relationships.


Assuntos
Cognição , Apoio Social , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Relações Familiares , Humanos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206238

RESUMO

The funeral and mortuary sector, including funeral homes, cemeteries and crematoria, is a largely neglected sector in regard to the study of occupational factors that can affect the quality of working life. The present study aimed at overcoming this gap by investigating job demands and resources that may affect burnout levels. Data were collected through a self-report questionnaire involving funeral industry employees (N = 229) from cemetery, morgues, crematoria and funeral agencies in a Northern Italian region. The survey was cross-sectional and non-randomized. Results reveal that among job demands, stigma consciousness, supervisor incivility and work-to-family negative spillover significantly affect levels of burnout, whereas meaningfulness of work and family-to-work positive spillover may represent relevant resources to counter the onset of burnout. The results of this study contribute to new insights into the psychosocial working conditions that affect occupational wellbeing among the funeral industry sector by also giving insight into how to promote resources to prevent burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Incivilidade , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Necrotério , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(3): e20200829, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze, in the light of systemic thinking, the association between family dynamics and the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs by adolescents throughout life. METHODS: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in nine public schools in the city of Recife. Three hundred and sixty-four adolescents aged 14 to 19 years participated. We used three questionnaires: The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test, a reduced version of the Drug Use Screening Inventory; and a sociodemographic questionnaire. RESULTS: there was an association between parents/guardians ignoring what the child considers meaningful to him and the consumption of alcohol and tobacco by adolescents; we also verified an association between the occurrence of conflicting relationships and the consumption of illicit drugs by adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: it confirmed that disorganization in the family system, marked by impairments in emotional connections among members, and fragility in the sense of belonging are associated with the consumption of drugs in life by adolescents.


Assuntos
Drogas Ilícitas , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tabaco
8.
Riv Psichiatr ; 56(4): 189-197, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence highlights healthcare workers (HCWs) facing outbreaks, particularly the ongoing covid-19 pandemic, are at increased risk of negative mental health outcomes, particularly post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), anxiety and depression. Data from previous outbreaks highlighted the risk for a negative impact on HCWs' social and occupational functioning, but scant data have investigated this issue in the framework of the covid-19 pandemic. A number of effective interventions have been proposed to support mental health and well-being of HCWs in emerging infectious outbreaks, but it is important to acknowledge the differential impact of mental disorders on different dimensions of functioning. METHODS: The study explored the associations between work and social functioning and PTSS, depression and anxiety in a sample of 265 frontline HCWs employed at a major university hospital in Italy (Pisa), facing the first period of the covid-19 pandemic. Individuals were assessed by means of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) for PTSS, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depressive symptoms, the General Anxiety Disorder-7 Item (GAD-7) for anxiety symptoms and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) to assess work and social functioning. RESULTS: Higher levels of functioning impairment were found among individuals with moderate to severe acute PTSS, depressive and anxiety symptoms with respect to those without. Acute PTSS and depressive symptoms were predictive factors of impairment in each domain of functioning analyzed. Anxiety symptoms were associated with impairment in both work and home management activities. Frontline activity was associated with impairment in both private and social leisure activities. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term perspective studies are warranted to better investigate the psychopathological burden on HCWs' work and social functioning and to promote adequate intervention strategies.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Depressão/epidemiologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Pandemias , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Ajustamento Social , Mudança Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza , Carga de Trabalho
9.
Res Nurs Health ; 44(4): 633-642, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101868

RESUMO

Family-related factors are reported to influence the development of postpartum depression (PPD), but limited studies have considered the role of family function in this condition. This study aimed to describe the proportion of people with probable or suspected PPD and to determine the relationships among PPD, family function, and obstetric factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 630 women who attended six integrated teaching and scientific research communities in Changsha, China. Instruments included the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and the Family Assessment Device (FAD). A multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine the risk factors of PPD. The prevalence of probable or suspected PPD was 37% in this sample. We found communication (odds ratio [OR] = 3.795, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.619-8.897), affective responsiveness (OR = 2.685, 95% CI = 1.642-4.301), role (OR = 2.483, 95% CI = 1.041-5.922), and general functioning (OR = 5.704,95% CI = 2.233-14.569) dimensions of FAD, and type of feeding (OR = 2.700, 95% CI = 1.285-5.671) influenced PPD in the context of Chinese culture. To decrease the prevalence of PPD, interventions such as health education programs and cognitive behavior therapy to strengthen family function are recommended among couples during and after pregnancy.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Relações Familiares , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 259, 2021 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite women are generally overrepresented in behavioral, mental, and musculoskeletal disorders, motherhood as a central part of women's life is poorly understood in relation to exhaustion and long-lasting pain. Mothers' health impairments imply suffering both for herself and her family. A profound understanding of health is needed taking mothers' subjective health experience, their suffering and life situation into account to give women, their families and society better prerequisites to alleviate exhaustion and long-lasting pain. The aim of the study was to describe health and suffering of women and mothers undergoing rehabilitation for long-lasting pain and exhaustion and its correlation with perceived social support. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design with an exploratory approach. A main sample consisted of 166 women undergoing rehabilitation for exhaustion and long-lasting pain and a reference sample included 129 women working and studying within health care professions. Both samples included women with and without children. Women's subjective health and suffering was assessed from a caring science perspective using the recently developed and validated Health and Suffering Scale. Two additional scales measuring exhaustion and social support were distributed among the two samples. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression models, including health and suffering and perceived social support, were analyzed. RESULTS: Mothers undergoing rehabilitation for pain and exhaustion reported significantly poorer health and more suffering compared to healthy mothers, but similar health and suffering when compared with childless women in rehabilitation. Health and suffering were correlated with perceived social support among both healthy and exhausted mothers. In both samples, the correlation between health and suffering and social support was stronger among mothers than among women without children. CONCLUSIONS: Women and mothers living with exhaustion and long-lasting pain show signs of unbearable suffering and perceived insufficient social support. Social support from various sources particularly helps mothers to create meaning in life and make their suffering bearable. Hence, health care must address the fact that mothers are dependent on their immediate social environment and that this dependency interacts with their health and suffering on an existential level.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Mães , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Apoio Social
11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190472

RESUMO

The article presents the results of study of in-family (child-parents) relationships in families with children suffering with diagnosed diabetes mellitus type I. The purpose of study is to investigate the disorders of family relationships in families of such kind. The established disorders allow to develop psychotherapeutic measures both for children and their parents. Materials and methods. The study covered 30 families with children of primary school age (7-10 years old) with diabetes mellitus. The families with children with severe concomitant diseases and broken families were excluded of the sampling. The control group consisted of 30 relevant families with healthy children. The in-family relationships were explored using a number of psychological tests applied to children and their mothers. The results. In mothers of the studied families prevailed authoritarian type of upbringing, which was expressed in tendency to hyper-protect and to over-control. The phobia of losing child and the tendency to reject it were also established. The children suffered from high level of anxiety. They had more positive attitude to mother than to father. The conclusion. The established disorders of in-family relationships in families with children with diabetes mellitus can serve as targets for psychotherapeutic activities both with children and their parents.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Relações Familiares , Ansiedade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Pais
12.
Medwave ; 21(4): e8186, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086666

RESUMO

Introduction: On March 19, 2020, preventive and mandatory social isolation was decreed in Argentina in response to the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the disease it causes (COVID-19). This measure aimed to reduce the transmission of the virus and the resulting severe respira-tory condition that frequently besets older adults. However, this measure can also affect the support networks of these isolated people. Objectives: To explore the emerging needs related to the mental health of isolated older adults in this period and to identify the main support networks they have and the emerging coping strategies in the face of the situation. Methodology: We carried out an exploratory qualitative study, summoning participants over 60 years of age. Using snowball sampling, a group of researchers contacted them by phone to collect data. The analysis of the findings was triangulated among researchers with different academic backgrounds (medicine, psychology, and sociology). The concepts emerging from the interviews were linked in conceptual networks using an inductive methodology and were mapped into conceptual frameworks available to researchers. Atlas.ti 8 software was used for coding. Results: Thirty-nine participants belonging to the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area were interviewed between April and July 2020. For greater clarity, the main themes were described in five cross-sectional axes: network configurations, resources and coping strategies, affective states and emo-tions, perceptions and reflections on the future, and actions emerging from the participatory approach. Participants reported distress, anxiety, anger, uncertainty, exhaustion, and expressed fear of contagion from themselves and their loved ones. We identify greater vulnerability in people living alone, in small and closed environments, with weak linkages and networks, or limited access to technologies. We also found vari-ous coping strategies and technology was a fundamental factor in maintaining the bonds. Conclusions: The findings of this research have implications for decision-making at the individual level, health systems, professional care, and policy devel-opment. Future research may elucidate the regional, temporal, and socioeconomic variations of the phenomena explored in our research.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Distanciamento Físico , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Relações Familiares , Medo , Feminino , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Sociais Online , Grupo Associado , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Quarentena/psicologia , Rede Social , Participação Social , Apoio Social
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(6): e20200725, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identify the knowledge of family members of children and adolescents with cancer about their legal rights, difficulties, and concessions to ensure them. METHOD: Quantitative study, survey type, of intersectional design. A questionnaire drawn up by the researchers was applied in order to characterize the minor and their family and also to identify the family's knowledge about legal rights. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data. RESULTS: 61 family members who participated know some more rights to the detriment of others and are especially motivated to search for information when negative impacts on the financial life increase, with repercussions beyond family health. CONCLUSION: the studied population requires more information and demands knowledge about some rights guaranteed by law. Guidance on rights empowers the family and guarantees the necessary care, searching to have an intersectoral action qualify care and assist in restructuring family dynamics to deal with chronic conditions.


Assuntos
Direitos Civis , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Criança , Família , Relações Familiares , Humanos , Conhecimento
14.
J Med Life ; 14(2): 198-204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104242

RESUMO

Marriage is highly respected and somehow sacred in eastern societies, including Iran. This qualitative research aimed to explore lived experience of remarried men and women who had experienced divorce in their relationships with their significant others. Seventeen remarried-after-divorce persons whose second marriage lasted over two years participated in the study, conducted using the content analysis method. Under the theme of inter-relationships, four categories were found, including "different spouses, different relations", "reconfiguration of relationships with families", "impacts on child-rearing", and "the importance of unimportant acquaintances". This study showed the complexity of the relationship network when another marriage happens after the first one collapsed. The other finding was that relations after divorce might not disappear completely, and relics of the first ruined shared life may strongly affect the new partnership. The influence of context-oriented issues, particularly in societies where religion and tradition are strong, was the other result. This study showed that remarriage after divorce has positive and negative consequences. Professionals, policymakers and researchers may apply the findings of the research by taking a strengths perspective.


Assuntos
Divórcio , Relações Familiares , Casamento , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poder Familiar
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069361

RESUMO

Family meals are beneficial for adolescent development, but evidence from Chinese populations has been limited. This study aimed to examine the associations between family meal frequency and adolescent perception of family relationship and compliance with parental guidance in Hong Kong. During the period from October to December 2016, a stratified random sample of 3359 students were recruited from 25 secondary schools in Hong Kong. Students completed questionnaires about family characteristics, relationship quality, and meal frequency by paper-and-pencil in class. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations between family meal frequency and perceived family relationship and compliance with parental guidance overall and by subgroups. After adjusting for sociodemographic and school confounders, family breakfast and dinner frequency were significantly associated with adolescent compliance (breakfast: B = 0.07, p < 0.001; dinner: B 0.07, p < 0.001) and perception of family relationship (breakfast: B = 0.10, p < 0.001; dinner: B = 0.25, p < 0.001). Risk factors for infrequent family meals included older age, not born in Hong Kong, less educated fathers, and unmarried parents. Our findings support the associations of regular family meals with adolescent perception of high family bond and compliance with parental guidance. Interventions are needed to enhance quality family meal interactions in disadvantaged families.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Comportamento Alimentar , Adolescente , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Família , Hong Kong , Humanos , Refeições , Percepção , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(1): 114-127, ene.-jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1155518

RESUMO

Esse estudo parte do pressuposto de que o mindfulness poderia estar relacionado com a intimidade conjugal. Investigou-se o papel discriminante da intimidade em dois grupos de indivíduos com maiores e menores níveis de mindfulness. Partiparam 281 sujeitos, maiores de 18 anos, em relacionamento estável e em coabitação. Os mesmos responderam à Escala Filadélfia de Mindfulness e à Escala de Avaliação Pessoal de Intimidade em Relacionamentos (PAIR). Os resultados indicaram que os fatores da intimidade avaliados (comunicação, validação pessoal e abertura ao exterior) discriminaram o grupo com maiores níveis de mindfulness. O estudo sugere que indivíduos com maiores níveis de mindfulness possuem maior facilidade de desenvolver intimidade em seus relacionamentos, contribuindo para o entendimento do papel considerável dessa habilidade na conjugalidade.


This study assumes that mindfulness could be related to conjugal intimacy. The discriminating role of intimacy was investigated in two groups of individuals with higher and lower levels of mindfulness. 281 subjects, over 18 years old, participated in a stable relationship and cohabitation. They responded to the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale and the Personal Relationship Intimacy Scale in Relationships (PAIR). The results indicated that the factors of intimacy evaluated (communication, personal validation and openness to the outside) discriminated against the group with the highest levels of mindfulness. The study suggests that individuals with higher levels of mindfulness have an easier time developing intimacy in their relationships, contributing to the understanding of the considerable role of this ability in conjugality.


Este estudio asume que la atención plena podría estar relacionada con la intimidad conyugal. El papel discriminador de la intimidad se investigó en dos grupos de individuos con niveles más altos y más bajos de atención plena. 281 sujetos, mayores de 18 años, participaron en una relación estable y en convivencia. Respondieron a la Escala de atención plena de Filadelfia y la Escala de intimidad en las relaciones personales (PAIR). Los resultados indicaron que los factores de intimidad evaluados (comunicación, validación personal y apertura al exterior) discriminaban al grupo con mayores niveles de mindfulness. El estudio sugiere que las personas con niveles más altos de atención plena tienen más facilidad para desarrollar la intimidad en sus relaciones, lo que contribuye a comprender el papel considerable de esta capacidad en la conyugalidad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Papel (figurativo) , Autorrevelação , Comunicação , Terapia de Casal , Relações Familiares , Atenção Plena
18.
Barbarói ; (58): 30-46, jan.-jun. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1150661

RESUMO

O autoconceito pode ser concebido como uma construção teórica que o indivíduo realiza sobre si a partir de sua interação com o meio social, que assume importante papel na compreensão do processo de desenvolvimento humano. Variáveis como desempenho escolar e práticas educativas parentais tem sido relatadas como relevantes para o estabelecimento do autoconceito. Tendo em vista a relevância do tema na adolescência o presente artigo objetivou investigar as possíveis relações entre o autoconceito, desempenho escolar e práticas educativas dos pais, em adolescentes escolares. Fizeram parte desta pesquisa 57 adolescentes de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 12 e 16 anos (M= 13,44; DP=1,13) do 6º ao 9º ano de uma escola pública de Ensino Fundamental. Para isso, foram utilizados a Escala de Autoconceito Infanto ­Juvenil (EAC-IJ), a Escala de Responsividade e Exigência Parental e análise documental na escola para o desempenho escolar. Os resultados demonstraram que houve correlação significativa entre as variáveis do estudo, destacando-se as correlações estabelecidas entre autoconceito e desempenho escolar, desempenho escolar e exigência da mãe, assim como do autoconceito com a responsividade do pai. Discute-se sobre a importância da qualidade da relação familiar e do grupo de amigos no estabelecimento do autoconceito dos adolescentes.(AU)


Self-concept may be conceived as a theoretical construction that the individual has about himself from his interaction with society that assumes an important role in the comprehension of the human development process. Variables such as school performance and parental educational practices have been reported as relevant for the establishment of self-concept. Since this theme can be relevant in adolescence the present article sought to investigate the possible relations between self-concept, school performance and educational practices from parents in school-aged teens. Were part of this research 57 teenagers, from both sexes, with ages between 12 and 16 years old (M= 13,44; DP=1,13) from 6th to9th years of an public elementary school. For that we used the "Escala de Autoconceito Infanto-Juvenil (EAC-IJ)", the "Escala de Responsividade e Exigencia Parental" and analysis of school papers for the school performance. The results showed that there's a significant relation between the variables of study, featuring the relations established between self-concept and school performance, school performance and mother exigency, as for self-concept and father responsiveness. We argue about the importance of a quality family relationship and group of friends in the establishment of self-concept of teenagers.(AU)


El autoconcepto puede ser determinado como una construcción teórica que el individuo realiza sobre sí por medio de su interacción con el medio social, que adquiere importante papel en la comprensión del proceso de desarrollo humano. Variables como el desempeño escolar y las prácticas educativas parentales han sido relatadas como relevantes para la determinación del autoconcepto. Teniendo en cuenta la relevancia del tema en la adolescencia el presente artículo tuvo como objetivo investigar las posibles relaciones entre el autoconcepto, desempeño escolar y prácticas educativas de los padres, en adolescentes escolares. Participaron de esta investigación 57 adolescentes de ambos sexos, con edades comprendidas entre 12 y 16 años (M = 13,44, SD = 1,13) del 6 al 9 de grado de una escuela pública de enseñanza primaria. Para eso, fueron utilizadas la Escala de Autoconcepto Infantil Juvenil (EAC-IJ), la Escala de Responsividad y Exigencia Parental y análisis documental en escuela para el desempeño escolar. Los resultados demostraron que hubo correlación significativa entre las variables del estudio, resaltándose las correlaciones establecidas entre autoconcepto y desempeño escolar, desempeño escolar y exigencia de la madre, asi como del autoconcepto con la responsividad del padre. Se discute sobre la importancia de la calidad de la relación familiar y del grupo de amigos en la determinación del autoconcepto de los adolescentes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Pais , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Relações Familiares , Desempenho Acadêmico , Amigos , Desenvolvimento Humano
19.
Bioethics ; 35(6): 589-595, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950525

RESUMO

This paper applies a relational and familial ethic to address concerns relating to nursing home deaths and advance care planning during Covid-19 and beyond. The deaths of our elderly in nursing homes during this pandemic have been made more complicated by the restriction of visitors even at the end of life, a time when families would normally be present. While we must be vigilant about preventing unnecessary deaths caused by coronavirus outbreaks in nursing homes, some deaths of our elders are inevitable. Thus, it is essential that advanced care planning occurs in a way that upholds the familial and relational aspects of elders' lives that often matter to them the most. We invoke concepts from feminist ethicists like Hilde Lindemann and Eva Kittay and introduce Avery Weisman and Thomas Hackett's concept of "appropriate death" to suggest better ways of planning for those deaths of our elderly that cannot be avoided. Our hope is to allow for deaths that are as meaningful as possible for both the elderly and the family members who survive them.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Relações Familiares , Família , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/ética , Casas de Saúde/ética , Pandemias , Assistência Terminal/ética , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Ética , Humanos , Distanciamento Físico , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e03734, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008777

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze meanings attributed to middle-aged women from their experience in their family relationships. METHOD: Qualitative study of the Convergent Care Research method. Gender was used as an analytical category, developed with a total of thirteen middle-aged women from the coverage area of the Family Health Strategy program in a city in the southwest of Bahia state, through reflection workshops and interviews. Data were analyzed using discourse analysis. RESULTS: They express the affective relationship with children and grandchildren as the greatest highlight of middle age in overlap with the relationship with partners and other bonds, which makes their uniqueness and identification of demands for health care unfeasible. CONCLUSION: Female middle-aged are marked by conceptions of femininity that emerge from their condition as a woman-mother, from her complete donation. The research points to an urgent need to add gender as a reference for the care of middle-aged women, in order to consider the biopsychic and social interlaces in their life experience and that outline demands for care.


Assuntos
Família , Feminilidade , Brasil , Criança , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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