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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e36283, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1103400

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a influência das composições familiares na ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência. Método:estudo caso-controle, realizado com 74 gestantes adolescentes, grupo de casos, e 74 adultas jovens sem história pregressa de gravidez na adolescência, grupo controle, pareadas pela variável renda familiar. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas estruturadas realizadas no período deagosto a outubro de 2016 em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, e em seguida analisados pelos métodos estatísticos descritivo e inferencial. Resultados: identificou-se associação entre a ocorrência do desfecho com pertencer a famílias não nucleares, não permanecer a mesma família durante a infância e adolescência, e a constituição de uma família própria no período da adolescência. Conclusão:verificou-se que adolescentes inseridas em famílias não nucleares estão mais expostas a fatores de risco para ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência, quando comparadas às jovensprovenientes de famílias com ambos os pais.


Objective: to analyze the influence of family compositions in the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence. Method:this is a case-control study performed with 74 pregnant adolescents, group of cases, and 74 young adults without background history of pregnancy during adolescence, group control, paired by family income. Data were collected through structured interviews conducted in the period from August to October 2016 in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, and then analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results:we identified an association between the occurrence of the outcome and the belonging to non-nuclear families, as well as the non-belonging to the same family during childhood and adolescence, besides the constitution of an own family in the period of adolescence. Conclusion: checked that adolescents inserted in nonnuclear families are more exposed to risk factors for the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence when compared to young people coming from families with both parents.


Objetivo: analizar la influencia de las composiciones familiares en la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente. Método: estudio caso-control efectuado con 74 adolescentes embarazadas, grupo de casos, y 74 jóvenes adultas sin historia anterior de embarazo en la adolescencia, grupo de control, agrupadas por sus ingresos familiares. Los datos se recopilaron mediante entrevistas estructuradas conducidas en el periodo de agosto a octubre de 2016 en Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, y posteriormente analizados por los métodos estadísticos descriptivo e inferencial. Resultados:se identificó una asociación entre la ocurrencia del desenlace y la pertenencia a las familias no nucleares, no permanencia en la misma familia durante niñez y adolescencia, y la constitución de una familia propia en el periodo de la adolescencia. Conclusion: comprobado eso que las adolescentes insertadas en familias no nucleares están más expuestas a los factores de riesgo para la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente en comparación con las jóvenes provenientes de familias con ambos padres biológicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia , Características da Família , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Núcleo Familiar/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho
2.
R I Med J (2013) ; 103(8): 59-61, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced assisted living facilities (ALF) to implement strict social isolation for residents. Social isolation in the geriatric population is known to negatively impact health. Here, we describe how ALFs in Rhode Island utilized device donations received from Connect for COVID-19, a nationwide nonprofit organization which has mobilized medical students to gather devices for donations to care centers. METHODS: Rhode Island ALFs were contacted to determine if they were interested in receiving smart device donations. After donations were made, an impact survey was electronically administered. Primary Results: A total of 11 facilities completed the survey with a response rate of 24% (11/46). The facilities were located throughout all five counties in Rhode Island, with the majority located in Providence County. All but one of the facilities that responded to the survey (n=10, 90.9%) have used the devices to allow residents to video-call their family members. Seven responses (63.6%) indicated that devices were used for more than one purpose. Primary Conclusions: Smart devices were well received by Rhode Island ALFs and used for purposes beyond video conference calls. ALFs should consider advertising the need for devices to encourage community donations. Future studies should investigate the direct impact that digital connectivity has had on Rhode Island ALF residents.


Assuntos
Moradias Assistidas , Betacoronavirus , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Smartphone , Computadores de Mão , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Rhode Island
3.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 41(315): 28-30, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951693

RESUMO

The family provides a holding and benevolent environment, allowing the subject to construct himself psychically. Beyond the family, the group of belonging allows an individual to feel that he or she exists. During migration, belonging can be broken: loss of country, language, family, social status, etc. In France, a reception programme for migrants in families helps them to integrate and rebuild their lives. The initial family dynamic is modified. Some important points need to be taken into account during this reception: motivations, consequences on family dynamics and psychological reshuffling.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares/psicologia , Migrantes/psicologia , Afeganistão/etnologia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22027, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957319

RESUMO

To understand the self-rated depression scores of military recruits and to analyze the relationship between depression, the family environment, and coping styles.Multistage stratified cluster random sampling was used to study participants who, in September 2014, had enrolled as military personnel in the Xinjiang military. The participants were requested to complete the Chinese versions of the Self-rated Depression Scale (SDS), the Family Environment Scale (FES-CV), and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). Between-groups comparisons were performed using a t test and Mann-Whitney U test. Correlations were determined utilizing Spearman rank correlation coefficient, and the influencing factors of the SDS scores were analyzed using logistic regression.The average score of the SDS among the 323 participants was 42.53 ±â€Š8.51. Specifically, the score of the "high school and below" group was higher than that of the "college and above" group [i.e., (43.98 ±â€Š8.30)] vs [(40.43.98 ±â€Š8.30) vs (37.94 ±â€Š5.50), P < .05]. The SDS score of the "nonstudent" (i.e., social status before enlistment) group was higher than that of the "student" group [(i.e., 45.00 ±â€Š7.60) vs (40.42 ±â€Š8.02), P < .05] and the SDS score of the "smoking" group was higher than that of the "nonsmoking" group [i.e., (45.33 ±â€Š7.74 vs 40.34 ±â€Š7.58, P < .05)]. In addition, the scores related to the entertainment, organization, and controllability of the SDS≥50 group were lower than those observed for the SDS < 50 group, (i.e., Ps < .05). The SDS score was positively correlated with the SCSQ (r = 0.30) negative copying style score (r = 0.30), positively correlated with the FES-CV contradiction score (r = 0.32), and negatively correlated with the FES-CV knowledge score (r = -0.43), entertainment score (r = -0.42), organization score (r = -0.37), and controllability score (r = -0.28), respectively, (Ps < .05). The results of the logistic regression analysis showed that entertainment was contained in the final regression equation (P < .001) with odds radio (95% confidence interval) of 0.512 (0.319-0.824).A correlation was found between depression among military personnel and their family environment, and entertainment may be a potential protective factor against depression.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Depressão/epidemiologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Militares/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 1045-1059, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621755

RESUMO

This report introduces the COVID-19 Family Environment Scale (CHES), which aims to measure the impact of social distancing due to COVID-19 on household conflict and cohesion. Existing measures do not capture household experiences relevant to the pandemic, in which families are largely confined to their homes while sharing a life-threatening situation. Using best practice guidelines, we developed a pool of items and revised them with review by a panel of experts, and cognitive interviewing with community respondents. We administered the CHES by online survey to 3,965 adults. The CHES consists of 15 items for each of two subscales, household conflict (α = .847) and household cohesion (α = .887). Exploratory factor analysis yielded two factors, corresponding to the intended conflict and cohesion items, which accounted for 29% of variance. Confirmatory factor analysis partially supported the 2-factor model (RMSEA = .057; CFI = .729, TLI = .708, and SRMR = .098). The CHES also contains 25 optional items to describe respondent and household characteristics, and household-level COVID-19 exposure. The CHES, publicly available at https://elcentro.sonhs.miami.edu/research/measures-library/covid-19/index.html, provides a tool for measuring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on important determinants of resilience in the face of major stressful events. Further work is needed to address the factor structure and establish validity of the CHES.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Análise Fatorial , Características da Família , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distância Social , Adulto Jovem
6.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 922-936, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677711

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has a pervasive effect on all aspects of family life. We can distinguish the collective societal and community effects of the global pandemic and the risk and disease impact for individuals and families. This paper draws on Rolland's Family Systems-Illness (FSI) model to describe some of the unique challenges through a multisystemic lens. Highlighting the pattern of psychosocial issues of COVID-19 over time, discussion emphasizes the evolving interplay of larger systems public health pandemic challenges and mitigation strategies with individual and family processes. The paper addresses issues of coping with myriad Covid-19 uncertainties in the initial crisis wave and evolving phases of the pandemic in the context of individual and family development, pre-existing illness or disability, and racial and socio-economic disparities. The discussion offers recommendations for timely family oriented consultation and psychoeducation, and for healthcare clinician self-care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Análise de Sistemas
7.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 1060-1079, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678461

RESUMO

During the recent COVID-19 outbreak in Spain, we explored the individual and relational well-being of people confined together with their partners and/or children during the first 3 weeks of state-regulated lockdown. Adults 18 years or older (N = 407) completed an online survey that included demographic, household, and employment information along with standardized measures of psychological distress (State-Trait Anxiety and Beck Depression) and relationship functioning-either the Dyadic Adjustment Scale if there were no children in the household or a Basic Family Relations Evaluation Questionnaire (CERFB) measuring conjugal, parental, and coparental functions. Qualitative analyses of responses to an open-ended question about perceived changes in couple or family dynamics during lockdown revealed nine specific themes comprising two overarching categories: relational improvement and deterioration. The overall prevalence of improvement themes (61.7%) exceeded deterioration themes (41.0%), with increased (re)connection and conflict atmosphere cited most often. Quantitative analyses found elevated levels of state anxiety but not trait anxiety or depression during lockdown. Consistent with the qualitative results, couples having no children at home reported high levels of dyadic adjustment, but with children present CERFB parental functioning exceeded conjugal functioning, a pattern sometimes associated with child triangulation into adult conflicts. Although correlates of psychological distress (e.g., unemployment, perceived economic risk) were relatively stable across subgroups, predictors of relationship functioning varied substantially with household/parental status (e.g., telecommuting and employment facilitated conjugal functioning only for couples with children).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 233, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: End-stage kidney disease is highly prevalent worldwide. Currently, one of the most effective treatment modalities is dialysis therapy, which leads to serious side effects. Furthermore, psychiatric illnesses are prevalent among dialysis patients. Recently, researchers asserted that psychological resilience and family support could be helpful to maintain or improve patients' mental well-being. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of resilience on the relationship between family functioning and mental well-being in these patients. METHODS: To investigate the aim of this study, a cross-sectional design was employed. A total of 110 hemodialysis patients, who were receiving outpatient treatment from dialysis units at the University of Fukuoka and St. Maria Health Care Center in Japan, participated. Only the patients who met the criteria and who were willing to participate in this 30-min study were given The General Health Questionnaire-12, Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Family Assessment Device. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was performed to test the hypothesis that resilience would mediate the relationship between each subscale of family functioning, namely, cohesion, adaptability, communication, and mental well-being. Then Sobel's test was employed to examine the indirect effect. RESULTS: The results of the SEM showed that the model had an acceptable fit (RMSEA = .077; CFI = .93; and IFI = .94). According to the results, resilience fully mediated the relationship between family functioning, specifically family adaptability and communication, and mental health well-being of the dialysis patients. However, family cohesion was not associated with resilience. CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed that higher family adaptability and communication resulted in greater resilience, thus associated with better mental health. Given that poor mental health among dialysis patients is significantly associated with a decreased likelihood to adhere to treatment plans, it may lead to a significant risk to therapeutic compliance. As such, patients may experience detrimental consequences, such as death. This study showed that in order to maintain healthy mental well-being, developing resilience is a vital factor for hemodialysis patients.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares/psicologia , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Perinatol ; 40(9): 1283-1285, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709980

RESUMO

Parents of NICU infants are a vulnerable population from a psychological perspective, and often experience high levels of acute stress, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress. The added burden of the current SARS CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) pandemic is likely to exacerbate these issues, with potential implications for the wellbeing of infants and families in the short- and long-term. In this paper, we propose utilizing the stress contagion framework and consider how psychosocial stress can "spill over" into the parent-infant relationship domain, which can impact child development and family wellbeing longer term. As the effects of the pandemic will likely persist well beyond the acute stage, we offer advocacy points and general guidelines for healthcare professionals to consider in their quest to mitigate stress and build resilience in NICU families.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Família/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Adulto , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Estados Unidos , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234379, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511277

RESUMO

Eating alone while living with family members is a risk factor for mental health decline in old age. However, little is known as to why older adults choose to eat alone, even with family present. This study therefore aimed to explore reasons for older adults eating alone despite living with family members, using a qualitative approach. Fifteen people aged 65 years and older (11 men and 4 women) who were eating alone while living with family members were included in the study. These individuals were selected from the participants of the Kashiwa cohort study conducted in 2016. Individual interviews were conducted using an open-ended format. All interviews were recorded and transcribed. The data were further thematically analyzed using a qualitative software package, NVivo 11. We extracted six themes as reasons for eating alone and hypothesized interactions among these themes. The extracted themes were: "age-related changes," "solo-friendly environment," "family structure changes," "time lag for eating," "bad relationships with family members" and "routinization." To assess interactions, the themes were categorized as "background factors," "triggers," and "stabilizers." The aforementioned themes could lead to the development and sustained behavior of eating alone among older adults living with family members. As most themes describe conditions that are likely to remain static, it may not be realistic to encourage such individuals to begin eating with family members. The promotion of meals with neighbors or friends could be effective in alleviating the negative consequences of eating alone.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Refeições/psicologia
14.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 71-81, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190923

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Conocer el significado que atribuyen pacientes adultos y sus familias a la ausencia familiar durante la atención de urgencia. MÉTODO: Estudio cualitativo siguiendo la propuesta de la teoría fundamentada con recogida de datos en 2 unidades públicas de urgencias hospitalarias, localizadas en el sur de Brasil. Se llevaron a cabo 15 entrevistas con pacientes y 15 entrevistas con familiares durante los meses de octubre de 2016 a febrero de 2017. Los datos fueron analizados siguiendo el método comparativo contante. RESULTADOS: Los pacientes y familiares vivencian la ausencia familiar en la atención de urgencia como un proceso de sufrimiento causado por la separación del binomio familia-paciente; por la falta de entendimiento acerca de los motivos que justifican la exclusión familiar, y por enfrentarse a la situación con resignación. CONCLUSIÓN: La urgencia per se conlleva un sufrimiento en el paciente y sus familiares; este sufrimiento se intensifica cuando la familia es apartada y no puede acompañar al paciente durante la atención de urgencia. En vista de estos resultados, es necesario desarrollar estrategias y políticas sanitarias que contribuyan a la atención integral de pacientes y familias en unidades de urgencias hospitalarias


AIM: To understand what the absence of the family during emergency care means to adult patients and their families to. METHOD: A grounded theory study was conducted in two emergency units of two public hospitals in southern Brazil. From October 2016 to February 2017, 15 interviews with patients and 15 with family members were carried out. The data were analyzed following the comparative method. RESULTS: The patients and families experienced the absence of the family in emergency care as a process of suffering caused by the separation of patient and family; they did not understand the reasons for family exclusion, and were resigned to the situation. CONCLUSIÓN: Urgent care per se entails suffering in patients and their relatives; this suffering intensifies when the family is separated and cannot accompany the patient during emergency care. These results show the need to develop health strategies and policies that contribute to the comprehensive care of patients and families in hospital emergency units


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Enfermagem Familiar , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia
15.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 20(2): 1889-1780, jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192930

RESUMO

No disponible


COVID-19 confinement situation imposed to the population by the public health reasons causes a considerable reordering of daily habits in families with children. Parent-child interactions might crease and, accordingly, the opportunities to strengthen adaptive behavioral dynamics between the child and their parents and other family members. If this is not the case, problematic behavior increases and, in the context of confinement conditions, the probability of COVID-19 might also infection. Functional Analysis of Behavior is a key reference to shape child'behavior and in the same functional root, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is proving to be useful to build psychological flexibility in many arenas beyond the clinical one where it accumulates remarkable evidence. One of this arenas points to building flexible behavioral patterns in children both in educational and family contexts. The present work aims to apply the ACT model for managing the child's behavior and for improving psychological flexibility during family interactions in the context of following the instructions to reduce virus infection


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia
16.
Health Psychol ; 39(8): 633-641, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study examined positive and negative aspects of relationship quality with one's spouse or partner as predictors of mortality and the role of gender in moderating this link. METHOD: Data were drawn from 2 waves, 5 years apart, of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (N = 1,734). Positive aspects of relationship quality (frequency of opening up to the partner to talk about worries and relying on the partner) and negative aspects (frequency of the partner making too many demands and criticism by the partner) were assessed. Survival/mortality status was recorded at the time of Wave 2 data collection 5 years later (1,567 alive; 167 deceased). Covariates included sociodemographic variables, relationship type, health status, and the network size of close family relationships and friendships. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that negative relationship quality with one's spouse or partner was associated with significantly higher odds for mortality after 5 years (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, 95% CI [1.03, 1.38], p < .001), after including the statistical covariates. Also, age, gender, education, self-rated health, and medication use were significantly related to mortality. Propensity score matching replicated these findings. Follow-up analyses revealed that criticism from one's spouse or partner, in particular, was linked to a higher mortality risk (OR = 1.44, 95% CI [1.10, 1.88]). Gender did not moderate the relationship-quality-mortality link. CONCLUSIONS: Negative relationship quality, notably, criticism received from one's spouse or partner, heightens older adults' risk of mortality. These results suggest the value of developing interventions that target reducing expressed criticism in couple relationships. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 620, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the increased vulnerability during pregnancy, domestic violence (DV) is a serious threat to the physical and mental health of pregnant women, making it a significant issue in public health initiatives. In China, family is of great significance to pregnant women, but few scholars have focused specifically on the relationship between the family factors of pregnant women and DV. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and association between family factors and DV among women in late pregnancy, to provide evidence for the prevention of domestic violence during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from July-October, 2019 among pregnant women in urban communities of Hengyang City, Hunan Province, China. A total of 813 participants were included by a multi-staged cluster random sampling method. DV was assessed by the Abuse Assessment Screen Questionnaire (AAS). A multivariate binary logistic regression model was used to evaluate the relationship between family factors and DV. RESULTS: Ultimately, 127 (15.62%) participants were identified as victims of DV. After adjustment, the potential risk factors of DV were tensions between their mother-in-law and other family members (OR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.29 to 6.30 and OR: 3.30; 95% CI: 1.57 to 6.93), medium household debt (OR: 2.17; 95% CI: 1.18 to 4.00), middle and low family APGARI (OR: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.30 to 3.13 and OR: 4.01; 95% CI: 2.09 to 7.69). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, women in late pregnancy were at higher risk of DV in the family with tensions, medium household debt and family dysfunction, which may help medical personnel intervene in cases of domestic violence against pregnant women in a reasonable and timely manner.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Saúde Mental , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
18.
J Psychol ; 154(5): 346-366, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394798

RESUMO

Family functioning (FF) is associated with patterns of adults' close relationship attachment, which works differently in western and non-western societies. In this study, the relationship between FF and attachment (A), as well as the difference in relationship between FF and A across western and non-western societies were examined. A total of 600 young adults (294 males, 306 females) were recruited from western and non-western societies through the SurveyCircle and social media and communication applications. The data was analyzed using PLS-SEM and multigroup analysis, and the results showed that in western and non-western societies, family adaptability and cohesion were significantly associated with anxiety, close, and depend attachments. Unexpectedly, higher family adaptability was associated with higher anxiety attachment. The associations among family adaptability and cohesion with anxiety, close, and depend attachments showed that the strengths of the relationships are significantly different in western and non-western societies, except for the association between family cohesion and anxiety. Based on these results, the cultural differences in terms of FF and young adults' close relationship attachment were presented for future research, family therapy, and the society.


Assuntos
Características Culturais , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Ocidente , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mídias Sociais , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 23(6): 371-376, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456454

RESUMO

Digital media (DM) is omnipresent in society today and impacts every aspect of our life. Previous studies have shown DM to cause problems in interpersonal relationships by creating problematic interruptions in interactions, this has been termed technoference. The current study focuses on parent's self-rated perceived technoference and the rated behavior of their 4- to 5-year-old children. Parents (N = 153) filled out an online questionnaire regarding family DM use and technoference as well as questions regarding their child's behavior. Parents rated the level of technoference caused by their own use of DM as well as the rate of technoference caused by the child's use of DM. Parents were also asked questions regarding their own possible problematic cell phone use. The findings reveal a statistically significant contribution of technoference, caused by the parents' use of DM, to the behavior repertoire of the children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Internet , Pais/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
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