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1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(1): 39-53, ene.-jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1155513

RESUMO

A ansiedade materna é um tema relevante de pesquisa no âmbito da relação mãe-bebê, pois esse sentimento pode trazer repercussões para mãe e o desenvolvimento do bebê. Este estudo de casos múltiplos, de caráter qualitativo, teve como objetivo investigar a ansiedade materna em mães de bebês de seis a 10 meses, buscando identificar sua repercussão na díade mãe-bebê. Os achados demonstraram a presença de complicações na gravidez e no pós-parto e de eventos estressantes durante esses períodos. Em todos os casos analisados, observou-se ansiedade materna na gravidez e nos primeiros cuidados com o bebê. Sentimentos como medo, angústia, dúvidas e preocupações, relatados pelas mães, desencadearam comportamentos ansiosos, refletindo na relação mãe-bebê. A partir dos relatos deste estudo, observa-se a importância do apoio para o empoderamento das mães, para que elas assumam o papel materno com mais confiança. Salienta-se a necessidade de intervenções desde a gestação para o manejo da ansiedade materna, bem como práticas de educação em saúde visando à promoção da saúde mental materno-infantil


Maternal anxiety is an important topic of research regarding the mother-child relationship because this feeling can impact the mother and the baby's development. This qualitative study, of a multiple-case design, aimed to investigate maternal anxiety in mothers of babies aged between six and 10 months, trying to identify its impact on the mother-child dyad. The findings showed the occurrence of complications in pregnancy and the postpartum period and stressful events during these periods. In all analyzed cases, the presence of maternal anxiety during pregnancy and the newborn early care was verified. Feelings such as fear, anguish, doubts, and concerns, reported by mothers, triggered anxious behaviors, reflecting on the mother-baby relationship. From the reports of this study, the importance of support for the empowerment of mothers was observed, so that they can assume the maternal role with more confidence. It points out the need for intervention programs since pregnancy for the management of maternal anxiety, as well as health education practices aiming to promote maternal and child mental health.


La ansiedad materna es un tema relevante de investigación en el ámbito de la relación madre-hijo, ya que este sentimiento puede tener repercusiones en la madre y en el desarrollo del bebé. Este estudio cualitativo, de casos múltiples, investigó la ansiedad materna en madres de niños de seis a 10meses, buscando identificar su impacto en la díada madre-hijo. Los resultados revelaron la presencia de complicaciones en el embarazo y en el posparto, y de eventos estresantes durante estos momentos. En los casos analizados, se observó ansiedad materna durante el embarazo y en el cuidado temprano del bebé. Sentimientos como el miedo, la angustia, las dudas y las preocupaciones, relatados por las madres, desencadenaron comportamientos ansiosos, reflejándose en la relación madre-bebé. A partir de los informes de este estudio se observa la importancia del apoyo para el empoderamiento de las madres, para que asuman ese rol con más confianza. Son necesarias intervenciones desde el embarazo para el tratamiento de la ansiedad materna, así como prácticas de educación con la finalidad de promoción de la salud mental materna y infantil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Ansiedade , Complicações na Gravidez , Terapêutica , Comportamento , Educação em Saúde , Parto , Período Pós-Parto , Relações Mãe-Filho
2.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 70, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parental anxiety and depression have been associated with changes to parent-child interactions. Although play constitutes an important part of parent-child interactions and affords critical developmental opportunities, little is known regarding how parental anxiety and depression are related to parent-child play. This is an important knowledge gap because parents play a crucial role in children's early play experience. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether levels of maternal anxiety and depression respectively predicted frequencies of pretend play in both mothers and their children, and whether mothers' engagement in pretend play predicted child behaviour problems two years later. METHODS: Pretend play in 60 mother-toddler dyads (Mage of child = 29.67 months, SD = 3.25, 41.7% girls) was assessed during home visits. Maternal anxiety and depression were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Children's behaviour problems were rated by mothers at baseline and two years later. Hierarchical regression analyses examined concurrent associations between mother-child pretend play and maternal anxiety and depression at baseline, and longitudinal associations between baseline mother pretend play and child behavioural problems two years later. RESULTS: Higher maternal anxiety predicted less pretend play in mothers and children (ß = - .23, BCa 95% CI: [- .018, - .001]) and ß = - .22, BCa 95% CI [- .014, - .001]). Higher maternal depression predicted less child pretend play (ß = - .20, BCa 95% CI [- .012, - .001]). There was evidence (albeit weak) that more mother pretend play at baseline predicted fewer child behaviour problems two years later (ß = - .18, BCa 95% CI [- 62.38, 11.69]), when baseline child behaviour problems and maternal anxiety were controlled for. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal anxiety and depression are associated with less pretend play during mother-child interaction. Mother's pretend play might help reduce child behavioural problems risks, suggesting that play might be one mechanism by which maternal mental health influences children's development.


Assuntos
Depressão , Comportamento Problema , Ansiedade , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães
3.
JAMA ; 325(18): 1837-1838, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974015
5.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 910, 2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than half of all deaths in under 5 children is related to malnutrition. Child malnutrition could be prevented through regular monitoring of the growth and development of children and the implementation of growth promotion activities referred to as growth monitoring and promotion (GMP). Mothers'/caregivers utilization of these activities through child welfare clinics could improve the growth and development of under 5 children. We evaluated mothers' knowledge on GMP, utilization and associated factors among mother-child pairs from a poor socio-economic district in Northern Ghana. METHODS: Using an analytical cross-sectional design, participants included mothers with children aged 0-59 months, grouped into 0-11 months, 12-23 months and 24-59 months. A semi-structured questionnaire containing both closed- and open-ended questions was used to collect data. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify determinants of GMP utilization. RESULTS: Four hundred mother-child pairs were included in the study. Overall, 28.5% (n = 114) of the mothers utilized GMP services. Almost 60%(n = 237) of the mothers knew the recommended age to seek for GMP service for their children. Only 9% of the mothers could correctly interpret the directions of the growth curves in their children's Health Record booklet. Mothers with children aged 0-11 months were 3.9 times more likely (p = 0.009) to utilize GMP services compared to their counterparts with children aged 12-23 months and 24-59 months. Mothers who had low level of knowledge were 2.19 times (p = 0.003) more likely to utilize GMP services compared to their counterparts with high level of knowledge.. CONCLUSION: Utilization of GMP services was low and particularly lower in children aged 24-59 months. Mothers' knowledge in GMP was optimal although there were notable gaps.


Assuntos
Mães , População Rural , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Relações Mãe-Filho , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799661

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to generate greater understanding of social-emotional difficulties in infants and toddlers in an Irish context. This study compared rates of reported social-emotional difficulties in young children in clinical and non-clinical samples and probed a predictive model of social-emotional adjustment. Data were collected from a cross-sectional sample of 72 mothers of young children aged between 12 and 48 months. Mothers were recruited from waiting lists for child Early Intervention services (clinical sample) and community mother-toddler groups (non-clinical sample). Mothers completed a questionnaire battery which assessed parenting self-efficacy, parenting behaviour, psychological distress and child social-emotional adjustment. The results indicated that 55.5% of young children in the clinical sample and 15% in the non-clinical sample had significant social-emotional problems. Similarly, 55.5% of young children in the clinical sample and 30% in the non-clinical sample had significant delays in the acquisition of social-emotional competencies. Two hierarchical multiple regressions were carried out with social-emotional problems and social-emotional competencies as the respective criterion variables. Clinical or non-clinical group membership, parenting satisfaction and maternal psychological distress were found to be significant predictors of child social-emotional problems in a model which explained 59% of the variance. Task-specific self-efficacy was the only significant predictor of child social-emotional competencies in a model which explained 21% of the variance. The significant rates of social-emotional problems in young children in the current study and the potential negative impact on child health and wellbeing, suggest that the early assessment of social-emotional adjustment should be incorporated into routine clinical assessment for young children. For services to effectively meet the needs of children with social-emotional difficulties and their families, consideration of maternal factors is also necessary.


Assuntos
Mães , Angústia Psicológica , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Relações Mãe-Filho , Poder Familiar , Autoeficácia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799751

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between mothers and their children's lifestyle is still unclear, especially in disadvantaged areas. Consequently, the study aims to identify a path explaining the extent to which maternal eating habits and physical activity (PA) level predict food-related aspects, PA practice and Quotient of Gross Motor Development (QGMD) in preschoolers from disadvantaged urban areas. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 79 dyads of mothers and children were recruited from kindergartens. Information related to family socio-demographic aspects, mothers' and children's dietary intake frequencies and PA/sedentariness, mothers' weight and height, mothers' perception on children's food intake, and children's food literacy (FL) was collected with a questionnaire and the Food Literacy Assessment Tool (preschool-FLAT), while gross-motor skills were measured with the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD); weight and height of children were directly collected. Results: Associations were found between mothers' and children's food habits; mothers' and children's fruit/vegetables consumption, and intake of the other items; mothers' education or PA level and children's FL; mothers' PA or sedentariness and children's QGMD; mothers' BMI and food habits and children's BMI; education and food habits. Conclusions: These findings can be useful to plan effective interventions targeted both to preschoolers and their mothers of disadvantaged urban areas for promoting healthy lifestyles, which have become increasingly difficult to achieve during COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Mães , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Mãe-Filho , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Populações Vulneráveis
9.
J Affect Disord ; 287: 397-404, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An intergenerational association between maternal depression and child emotional problems is well established. However, the underlying processes underpinning this association are still unclear, with relatively little attention paid to potential child-driven effects. This study adds to existing research by examining the bidirectional processes between maternal depression, parenting, and child internalizing symptoms. METHODS: A large prospective pregnancy cohort was used (N = 1992). Mothers reported on their depressive symptoms, hostile parenting, child internalizing symptoms, and child effortful control. Data was collected during pregnancy, and at 4 months, 3 years, and 5 years postpartum. RESULTS: Using a cross-lag analytical approach, results revealed that prenatal and postpartum maternal depression predicted child internalizing problems through an increase in hostile parenting. Child internalizing symptoms predicted increases in subsequent hostile parenting, but not maternal depressive symptoms. Additional moderation analyses revealed that the indirect effect of maternal depression on child internalizing problems through hostile parenting was only significant for children low in effortful control. LIMITATIONS: The study relied on maternal reports of both mother and child symptomology and characteristics. The sample was predominantly white and middle- to high-income. CONCLUSIONS: Hostile parenting is a potential intermediary mechanism explaining the intergenerational transmission of maternal depression to child internalizing problems. Critically, this indirect effect was only significant for children low in effortful control. There was limited support for child evocative effects, with child internalizing symptoms predicting subsequent hostile parenting but not maternal depressive symptoms. Results highlight the need for considering both maternal and child characteristics when treating maternal depression.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Poder Familiar , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
BMJ Open ; 11(4): e045192, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795307

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Childhood overweight and obesity (OWO) is a primary global health challenge. Childhood OWO prevention is now a public health priority in China. The Sino-Canadian Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (SCHeLTI), one of four trials being undertaken by the international HeLTI consortium, aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted, community-family-mother-child intervention on childhood OWO and non-communicable diseases risk. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multicentre, cluster-randomised, controlled trial conducted in Shanghai, China. The unit of randomisation is the service area of Maternal Child Health Units (N=36). We will recruit 4500 women/partners/families in maternity and district level hospitals. Participants in the intervention group will receive a multifaceted, integrated package of health promotion interventions beginning in preconception or in the first trimester of pregnancy, continuing into infancy and early childhood. The intervention, which is centred on a modified motivational interviewing approach, will target early-life maternal and child risk factors for adiposity. Through the development of a biological specimen bank, we will study potential mechanisms underlying the effects of the intervention. The primary outcome for the trial is childhood OWO (body mass index for age ≥85th percentile) at 5 years of age, based on WHO sex-specific standards. The study has a power of 0.8 (α=0.05) to detect a 30% risk reduction in the proportion of children with OWO at 5 years of age, from 24.4% in the control group to 17% in the intervention group. Recruitment was launched on 30 August 2018 for the pilot study and 10 January 2019 for the formal study. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the Medical Research Ethics Committee of the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital in Shanghai, China, and the Research Ethics Board of the Centre Intégré Universitaire de Santé et Services Sociaux de l'Estrie-CHUS in Sherbrooke, Canada. Data sharing policies are consistent with the governance policy of the HeLTI consortium and government legislation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1800017773. PROTOCOL VERSION: November 11, 2020 (Version #5).


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Canadá , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806372

RESUMO

This study examined the effect of a brief psycho-educational program, Time Together, on maternal self-efficacy, mother-infant bonding, and mood/anxiety for community-based mothers. This program centered on maternal voice, timing of interplay, and recognition of infant cues. A convergent parallel mixed-methods design included quantitative measures: the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale, the Mother-Infant Bonding Scale, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and State & Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a sequential qualitative analysis to elaborate on the quantitative findings. Significant changes on the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale were found. Qualitative analysis of the participant interviews and reflective diaries from the two weeks following the psycho-educational program confirmed that participation enhanced mothers' ability to understand their infant, to soothe their infant when distressed, to play and to establish an effective bedtime routine. This feasibility study indicated that this is a promising approach to improve early mother-infant interaction and maternal self-efficacy.


Assuntos
Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães , Ansiedade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Poder Familiar
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924970

RESUMO

Several studies have focused on neonatal maternal separation (MS) to investigate behavioural and neuroendocrine reactions to lack of contact, but only a few have focused on early separation in the first days or weeks after birth. This literature review investigates the vital importance of contact and touch by exploring how skin-to-skin contact (SSC) regulates stress in the mother-infant relationship. Various databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect were searched for literature published between 2015 and 2020. From 1141 articles, 22 were declared eligible. The reviewed articles showed how SSC regulates child stress by biological indicators such as the autonomic nervous system (ANS), heart rate variability (HRV), cortisol, and oxytocin. This research concludes the importance of SSC for stress regulation, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. With no research to date indicating a possible risk of neonatal COVID-19 transmission following SSC, SSC should continue to be practiced for all women, as recommended by the WHO.


Assuntos
Método Canguru , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Privação Materna , Relações Mãe-Filho , Pandemias
13.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918430

RESUMO

It is important to clarify how the breastfeeding method affects women's mental health, and how women's mental health affects the breastfeeding method in the early postpartum period when major depression and other psychiatric problems are most likely to occur. This study aimed to examine this bidirectional relationship in the early postpartum period. Participants were 2020 postpartum women who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). We obtained data for participants' breastfeeding method for four weeks after childbirth. We performed a path analysis with factors including breastfeeding method (exclusive breastfeeding or non-exclusive breastfeeding), parity (primipara or multipara), the two HADS subscales (anxiety and depression), and the two MIBS subscales (lack of affection and anger and rejection). The path analysis showed that breastfeeding method did not significantly affect depression, anxiety, and maternal-infant bonding in the early postpartum period. Women with higher anxiety tended to use both formula-feeding and breastfeeding. Our study suggests that exclusive breastfeeding is not associated with maternal-fetal bonding in early postpartum, considering depression, anxiety, and parity.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Apego ao Objeto , Paridade , Gravidez , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 4): e20200026, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze skin-to-skin contact practice in full-term newborns after birth. METHOD: a cross-sectional study carried out in São Paulo-SP with 78 mother-child binomials. Data were obtained from medical records and by non-participant observation. Maternal, neonatal and care conditions, length of skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding attachment were analyzed. RESULTS: skin-to-skin contact was performed in 94.9% of births, with a mean length of 29 minutes. Births with intact perineum took longer, neonates with Apgar 10, without upper airway aspiration, assisted by a nurse-midwife and with neonatal assistance by a resident in pediatrics. The variables that favor breastfeeding attachment were perineal integrity, newborn with good vitality, without upper airway aspiration and who received professional assistance for breastfeeding attachment. CONCLUSION: skin-to-skin contact was performed in almost all births, but with less time than recommended as best practice.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Método Canguru/métodos , Relações Mãe-Filho , Apego ao Objeto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Parto , Gravidez , Pele
15.
Front Public Health ; 9: 585517, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842417

RESUMO

Adolescent mothers in Malawi face psychosocial challenges such as low resilience level, low self-esteem, poor maternal-infant interaction, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). Children of adolescent mothers often face numerous risks such as low birth-weight, stunted growth, infant death, low school enrolment, increased grade repetition, and dropouts that put them at greater risk of poor developmental outcomes and socio-emotional problems. This study assessed the impact of components of a community project conducted by the Young Women's Christian association of Malawi in providing psychosocial support to adolescent mothers and their children. The goals of the project were; (1) to improve early childhood development in babies born to adolescent mothers; and (2) to enhance the psychosocial well-being of adolescent mothers (self-esteem, resilience stress, and parenting skills). This descriptive mixed methods evaluation study comprised an intervention and control groups of adolescent mothers respectively. The project had 3 centers in southern region districts of Malawi. Target population was adolescent mothers 18 years of age and below. At baseline we enrolled 267 mothers and at the end of the project we had 211 mothers. The project involved monthly meetings with adolescent mothers imparting knowledge and skills and early childhood education activities. From July 2017 to June 2019, 58 sessions were conducted. In the first year the control group had no meetings, however they received the intervention in the second year. Overall results in the intervention group showed statistically significant increase in knowledge on parenting skills (p < 0.01), nutritional practice (p < 0.01), motor skills and cognitive functions in children (p < 0.01) as well as expressive language and socio-emotional capacities in children (p < 0.01), while the change in confidence and psychosocial well-being was not statistically significant (p = 0.8823). Community projects such as these enhance parenting skills and improve development of children born to adolescent mothers. Improving psychosocial support is complex and requires further research and a more holistic approach.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Mães , Adolescente , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Malaui , Relações Mãe-Filho
16.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2021-04-20.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53697

RESUMO

El programa Familias Fuertes: Amor y Límites es una intervención primaria de capacitación en habilidades de crianza y relación familiar encaminada a promover la salud y el bienestar de los y las adolescentes y prevenir conductas de riesgo. En respuesta al incremento de conductas de riesgo a edades cada vez más tempranas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) seleccionó este programa como una intervención modelo para su puesta en práctica con familias de América Latina. El propósito de este manual es guiar la formación de los recursos humanos encargados de la aplicación del programa, con objeto de estructurar y homogenizar las sesiones de capacitación en todos los países y de mantener la elevada calidad técnica del programa.


Assuntos
Família , Recursos Humanos , Educação , Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos , Gênero e Saúde , Pai , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Promoção da Saúde
17.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2021-04-20.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53696

RESUMO

El programa Familias Fuertes: Amor y Límites es una intervención primaria de capacitación en habilidades de crianza y relación familiar encaminada a promover la salud y el bienestar de los y las adolescentes y prevenir conductas de riesgo. En respuesta al incremento de conductas de riesgo a edades cada vez más tempranas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) seleccionó este programa como una intervención modelo para su puesta en práctica con familias de América Latina. Esta guía se dirige a los países y partes interesadas que estén aplicando el programa o prevean hacerlo, con objeto de ayudarlos a mejorar los procesos de planificación, aplicación, monitoreo y evaluación.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Fatores de Risco , Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição , Gênero e Saúde , Família , Adolescente , Pai , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Educação , América
18.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(1): 119-132, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706336

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the effects of a direct breastfeeding program for premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted during August 2016 to April 2017. Sixty mothers of premature infants were assigned to the experimental (n = 31) or control groups (n = 29). The program was comprised of breastfeeding education and direct breastfeeding support. The experimental and control groups were provided with education and counseling on breastfeeding at the time of admission and discharge. In the experimental group, the mothers initiated oral feeding with direct breastfeeding and engaged in breastfeeding at least seven times during the NICU stay. The collected data were analyzed by the χ²-test and repeated measures ANOVA using an SPSS program. RESULTS: The experimental group showed a higher direct breastfeeding practice rate (χ² = 19.29, p < .001), breastfeeding continuation rate (χ² = 3.76, p < .001), and self-efficacy (F = 25.37, p < .001) than the control group except for maternal attachment. CONCLUSION: The direct breastfeeding program in the NICU has significant effects on the practice and continuation rate of breastfeeding and breastfeeding self-efficacy. Therefore, this program can be applied in the NICU settings where direct breastfeeding is limited.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães/psicologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668380

RESUMO

Positive influences of family members have been associated with a high probability of children's daily breakfast consumption. Therefore, the aim of this study was to scrutinize the association of breakfast routines between mothers and their children. The baseline data of the Feel4Diabetes-study was obtained in 9760 children (49.05% boys)-mother pairs in six European countries. A parental self-reported questionnaire gauging the frequency of breakfast consumption and of breakfast´ foods and beverages consumption was used. Agreement in routines of mothers and their children's breakfast consumption was analyzed in sex-specific crosstabs. The relationship of breakfast routine and food groups' consumption between mothers and their children was assessed with analysis of covariance. The highest proportion of children who always consumed breakfast were those whose mothers always consumed it. Children consuming breakfast regularly had a higher intake of milk or unsweetened dairy products and all kind of cereal products (low fiber and whole-grain) than occasional breakfast consumers (p < 0.05). The strong similarity between mothers and children suggests a transfer of breakfast routine from mothers to their children, as a high proportion of children who usually consume breakfast were from mothers also consuming breakfast. All breakfast foods and beverages consumption frequencies were similar between children and their mothers.


Assuntos
Desjejum/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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