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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e36283, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1103400

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a influência das composições familiares na ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência. Método:estudo caso-controle, realizado com 74 gestantes adolescentes, grupo de casos, e 74 adultas jovens sem história pregressa de gravidez na adolescência, grupo controle, pareadas pela variável renda familiar. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas estruturadas realizadas no período deagosto a outubro de 2016 em Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, e em seguida analisados pelos métodos estatísticos descritivo e inferencial. Resultados: identificou-se associação entre a ocorrência do desfecho com pertencer a famílias não nucleares, não permanecer a mesma família durante a infância e adolescência, e a constituição de uma família própria no período da adolescência. Conclusão:verificou-se que adolescentes inseridas em famílias não nucleares estão mais expostas a fatores de risco para ocorrência da gravidez na adolescência, quando comparadas às jovensprovenientes de famílias com ambos os pais.


Objective: to analyze the influence of family compositions in the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence. Method:this is a case-control study performed with 74 pregnant adolescents, group of cases, and 74 young adults without background history of pregnancy during adolescence, group control, paired by family income. Data were collected through structured interviews conducted in the period from August to October 2016 in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, and then analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results:we identified an association between the occurrence of the outcome and the belonging to non-nuclear families, as well as the non-belonging to the same family during childhood and adolescence, besides the constitution of an own family in the period of adolescence. Conclusion: checked that adolescents inserted in nonnuclear families are more exposed to risk factors for the occurrence of pregnancy in adolescence when compared to young people coming from families with both parents.


Objetivo: analizar la influencia de las composiciones familiares en la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente. Método: estudio caso-control efectuado con 74 adolescentes embarazadas, grupo de casos, y 74 jóvenes adultas sin historia anterior de embarazo en la adolescencia, grupo de control, agrupadas por sus ingresos familiares. Los datos se recopilaron mediante entrevistas estructuradas conducidas en el periodo de agosto a octubre de 2016 en Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, y posteriormente analizados por los métodos estadísticos descriptivo e inferencial. Resultados:se identificó una asociación entre la ocurrencia del desenlace y la pertenencia a las familias no nucleares, no permanencia en la misma familia durante niñez y adolescencia, y la constitución de una familia propia en el periodo de la adolescencia. Conclusion: comprobado eso que las adolescentes insertadas en familias no nucleares están más expuestas a los factores de riesgo para la ocurrencia del embarazo adolescente en comparación con las jóvenes provenientes de familias con ambos padres biológicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia , Características da Família , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Núcleo Familiar/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho
2.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 220-231, mayo 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192058

RESUMO

La violencia filio-parental es un fenómeno de marcada prevalencia con consecuencias negativas a nivel individual, familiar y social. El objetivo de este estudio de alcance fue identificar los factores explicativos y la fundamentación teórica del fenómeno. Se revisaron estudios en inglés y español desde el año 2000, de las bases: Web of Science, Scopus, PsycIN-FO, ERIC y Dialnet Plus, identificando 57 estudios relevantes. Se encontraron como factores explicativos recurrentes: la monoparentalidad, la cohesión, el estrés y disciplina familiar, el historial de violencia, problemas escolares, trastornos clínicos y la relación con iguales violentos. Se destaca la concurrencia con la violencia escolar, entre hermanos y en las relaciones de noviazgo. Los fundamentos teóricos utilizados se pueden clasificar en psicológicos, comunicacionales, criminológicos, sociológicos y modelos integrativos más amplios (Ecosistémicos, Fenomenológicos y Constructivistas). La revisión realizada no arrojó datos sobre patrones de interacción, estrategias de afrontamiento y percepciones sociales alrededor de la VFP que puedan influir en las familias implicadas en estas situaciones


Child-to-parent violence is a phenomenon with a fairly high prevalence rate and negative consequences at an individual, family and so-cial level. The aim of this scoping review was to identify the theoretical frameworks and explanatory factors for this phenomenon. The review comprised studies written in English and Spanish since the year 2000, from the following databases: Web of Science, Scopus, PsycINFO, ERIC and Dialnet Plus. A total of 57 relevant studies were identified. The recurrent explanatory factors were: single parenthood, cohesion, stress, family discipline, history of violence, problems at school, clinical disorders and violent peer relationships. The concurrence of school, sibling and dating violence was particularly noteworthy. The theoretical frameworks referred to can be grouped into psychological, communicational, criminological, sociological and broader integrative models (Ecosystemic, Phenomenological and Constructivist). No data was found on interaction patterns, coping strategies or social perceptions of CPV which may influence families immersed in these kinds of situations


Assuntos
Humanos , Relações Pai-Filho , Violência/psicologia , Modelos Psicológicos , Adaptação Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Agressão/psicologia
3.
JAMA ; 324(3): 243-244, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692390
4.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Globally, studies have shown associations between maternal stimulation and early child development. Yet, little is known about the prevalence of paternal and other caregivers' stimulation practices, particularly in low- and- middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Data from the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) were combined across 62 LMICs (2010-2018). The sample included 205,150 mothers of children aged 3 and 4 years. High levels of stimulation were defined as caregiver engagement in at least 4 out of 6 possible activities with the child. The proportion of mothers, fathers, and other caregivers providing high levels of stimulation was calculated by country, region, and for the whole sample. Socioeconomic disparities within and between countries were estimated. RESULTS: On average, 39.8% (95% CI 37.4 to 42.2) of mothers, 11.9% (95% CI 10.1 to 13.8) of fathers, and 20.7% (95% CI 18.4 to 23.0) of other adult caregivers provided high levels of stimulation. Stimulation varied by region, country income group, and Human Development Index (HDI), with higher levels of maternal and paternal-but not other caregivers'-stimulation in high-income and high-HDI countries. Within countries, stimulation levels were, on average, lower in the poorest relative to the richest households, and some but not all countries exhibited differences by child sex (i.e., boys vs. girls) or area (i.e., urban vs. rural). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest a need for intervention efforts that focus on increasing caregiver stimulation in LMICs, particularly for fathers and in low-income contexts.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Relações Pai-Filho , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) ; 17(5): 558-575, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine (1) the effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder and fathers' early involvement on children's long-term internalizing and externalizing problems, and (2) whether fathers' early involvement buffered effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder on children's internalizing and externalizing problems. METHOD: We used five waves of Fragile Family and Child Wellbeing study data and conducted multi-level longitudinal mixed-effects models to examine relationships among early exposure to neighborhood disorder, fathers' early involvement, and children's internalizing and externalizing problems. RESULTS: Results indicated that early exposure to neighborhood disorder was associated with increased children's internalizing and externalizing problems, while fathers' early involvement was associated with decreased children's internalizing and externalizing problems. However, fathers' early involvement did not buffer the negative effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder on children's internalizing and externalizing problems. DISCUSSION: The findings suggest the importance of neighborhood order and fathers' early involvement in decreasing children's internalizing and externalizing problems. Developing neighborhood-level interventions and improving fathers' involvement in early childhood are potential strategies to prevent children's behavioral problems in the long term.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
7.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233344, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437387

RESUMO

Female genital mutilation is a harmful traditional practice that violates girls' right to health and overall well-being. Most research cites social acceptance, marriageability, community belonging, proof of virginity, curbing promiscuity, hygiene, and religion as motivations for the practice. It is generally assumed that individual attitudes of parents and other family members have an impact on decisions related to the cutting of girls, and that such attitudes are influenced by social norms. The aim of this study is to understand how parental attitudes towards the practice of female genital mutilation influence decision making related to the cutting of girls. Data from 15 Demographic and Health Surveys were analyzed to assess whether couples with at least one living daughter aged 0 to 14 years share the same opinions about the continuation of the practice, and to what extent couples' opinions are associated with the risk of daughters being cut. The analysis reveals that a significant percentage of couples hold discordant opinions on the continuation of the practice including in countries where the practice is very common. While a daughter's likelihood of being cut is much higher when both parents think the practice should continue, the analysis also shows that many cut girls have parents who oppose the practice. It further suggests that female genital mutilation is more prevalent among daughters whose mothers want the practice to continue and whose fathers are opposed or undecided, compared to daughters with fathers who are the sole parent supporting its continuation. Understanding the extent to which parental opinions influence decisions and which girls are most likely to be cut is essential for developing appropriate interventions aimed at promoting the abandonment of the practice.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina/psicologia , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Núcleo Familiar/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Circuncisão Feminina/efeitos adversos , Circuncisão Feminina/estatística & dados numéricos , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/psicologia , Distância Social , Normas Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 29(2): 83-91, mayo 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190388

RESUMO

Parental involvement in their children's education, including activities undertaken by parents at home and through strong links with their children's schools, contributes to children's academic attainment. This study examined whether it was feasible for school-based staff to deliver the Incredible Years® School Readiness parent programme (IY-SR) in schools, its acceptability to parents and teachers, its impact on home-school relationships, and preliminary programme impact. Thirty-two parents with a child in a nursery or reception class were recruited from eight schools. Group leaders and parents gave positive feedback about the programme and parental attendance on the programme was high. There were also significant increases in parents' use of praise and children's positive responses. This is the first study to demonstrate the feasibility of engaging schools to deliver the IY-SR programme as a means of promoting home-school relationships and providing parents with the skills to coach their children's school readiness skills


La implicación de las figuras parentales en la educación de sus hijos e hijas, incluyendo las actividades llevadas a cabo en el hogar, y una buena relación familia-escuela, contribuye al rendimiento académico de los niños y las niñas. Este estudio evalúa la viabilidad de la implementación del programa Incredible Years® School Readiness (IY-SR), su aceptación por parte de las familias y de los maestros y las maestras, su impacto en la relación familia-escuela y los resultados preliminares de su efectividad. Treinta y dos figuras parentales con hijos e hijas en guardería o en escuela infantil fueron captadas en ocho centros. Los dinamizadores y las figuras parentales mostraron una respuesta positiva hacia el programa y la asistencia de las familias a este fue alta. Además, se incrementó el uso de elogios por parte de las figuras parentales y las respuestas positivas de sus hijos e hijas. Este es el primer estudio que demuestra la viabilidad de involucrar a los centros educativos en la implementación del programa IY-SR como medio para promover la relación familia-escuela y capacitar a las figuras parentales para fomentar las competencias de sus hijos e hijas en su preparación para la escuela


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pais/psicologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Aptidão , Inquéritos e Questionários , Relações Pai-Filho , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Biorretroalimentação Psicológica
9.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 484, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated whether parent-child attachment and self-esteem may mediate the relationship between parental marital conflict and increases in features of internet gaming disorder (IGD) in children at 1 year. METHODS: The baseline and one-year follow-up data for 268 pre-teens aged between 9 and 10 from the Internet User Cohort for Unbiased Recognition of Gaming Disorder in Early Adolescence (iCURE) study were collected. The students were children at low risk for IGD in the initial self-reported assessment, anyone living with both parents, current game user at baseline, and those who completed a 12-month follow-up assessment. The Internet Game Use-Elicited Symptom Screen (IGUESS) was used to identify increases in IGD features at 12 months. To examine a potential mediation effect, structural equation modeling was performed. RESULTS: The direct effect was statistically significant, and parental marital conflict at baseline significantly predicted the increases in IGD features in children at the 12-month follow-up after adjusting for gender, sex, socioeconomic status, and baseline IGUESS score (ß = 0.206, P = 0.003). The indirect effect showed that attachment to fathers through self-esteem was a significant mediating effect (ß = 0.078, P = 0.045). Parental marital conflicts were associated with increases in IGD features in children through poor father-child attachment, and in turn, the lower levels of self-esteem in the children. CONCLUSIONS: Parents, especially fathers, should make an effort to bond with their children to reduce the risk of their children's developing the IGD features.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Comportamento Infantil , Conflito Familiar , Relações Pai-Filho , Internet , Autoimagem , Jogos de Vídeo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Pai , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Apego ao Objeto , Pais , Risco , Autorrelato
11.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229670, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134961

RESUMO

The role of fathers in (co-)parenting their children among refugee and disadvantaged families in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains poorly understood. This study sought to examine the associations among mothers' perceptions of their husband's involvement (hereafter referred to as paternal involvement), and her perceptions of her own well-being and a number of other variables, as well as observed mother-child interactions in families living in refugee and disadvantaged communities in Beirut, Lebanon. We analyzed baseline data from 104 mother-child dyads (mean age of children = 4.34 years; range = 2.05 to 7.93 years of age) who participated in a randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating the impact of the Mother-Child Education Program in Beirut. In addition to the mother's perception of paternal involvement and the videotaped mother-child interactions, data were collected concerning the mother's well-being and her level of social support, as well as her level of stress as a parent and the way her children were disciplined in the family. Mother-child pairs were videotaped while completing a puzzle together and dyadic interactions were coded. Path analysis showed that paternal involvement was significantly associated with a higher level of maternal well-being and lower distress levels. In addition, higher levels of maternal distress were associated with higher levels of harsh discipline and parenting stress. Correlation analysis showed that higher perceptions of paternal involvement were associated with more positive affect displayed by the child, more positive regard for the child, and better mother-child synchrony during the dyadic interactions. Limitations include the cross-sectional design and the modest sample size, which hinder causal inferences and generalizability of the findings. These preliminary findings suggest that higher levels of paternal involvement may have an impact on markers of maternal mental health and positive mother-child interactions in families living in disadvantaged communities or humanitarian settings. Paternal involvement should be considered when designing and implementing parenting programs in LMICs.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Refugiados/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Relações Pai-Filho , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Fertil Steril ; 113(3): 642-652, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the sociodemographic and psychological profiles of participant groups involved in altruistic surrogacy in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Single psychological practice in Sydney, Australia. PATIENT(S): Six hundred and two individuals involved in 160 altruistic surrogacy arrangements: 143 intended mothers, 175 intended fathers (including 17 same-sex intended father couples), 160 surrogates, and 124 surrogate partners. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Responses to a presurrogacy sociodemographic assessment counseling protocol and the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). RESULT(S): The surrogates were primarily sisters, sisters-in-law, mothers (48.6%), or other extended family or friends (46.3%) of the intended parents. Most participants resided in residential postcode areas within the highest socioeconomic status quintile; however, intended mothers were more likely than surrogates to live in the most advantaged residential areas, to be younger and be more educated, and to be employed in professional occupations. Most participant psychological profiles were normal. A statistically significantly elevated PAI Somatic Complaints-Health Concerns subscale for intended mothers was observed compared with other participant groups. The higher PAI Warmth scale scores of intended mothers and surrogates were statistically significantly different from their respective partners, although not different from each other. CONCLUSION(S): Sociodemographic and some psychological differences between participant groups were observed that warrant exploration in pretreatment surrogacy counseling. Importantly, the higher scores on the PAI Warmth scale exhibited by intended mothers and surrogates in the context of close family and friendship relationships are likely to serve as protective mechanisms for the altruistic surrogacy outcome.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Relações Interpessoais , Pais/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Mães Substitutas , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Relações Pai-Filho , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação da Personalidade , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Mães Substitutas/psicologia , Mães Substitutas/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: e-1280, fev.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1051326

RESUMO

Introdução: a participação dos homens, como pais, também é muito importante para desenvolvimento do recém-nascido, especialmente quando ele é hospitalizado. Para tanto, o pai também deve ter suas necessidades compreendidas e assistidas no contexto da assistência neonatal. Objetivo: descrever os sentimentos paternos acerca da hospitalização do filho em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Método: trata-se de estudo exploratório e descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, que foi desenvolvido em uma unidade neonatal de um hospital público de ensino. Os sujeitos foram pais de recém-nascidos hospitalizados. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, realizada individualmente em local privativo. As entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas e analisadas segundo análise de conteúdo proposta por Minayo. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, sob o Parecer nº 1.387.229, CAAE: 50873215.9.0000.5404. Resultados: realizou-se entrevista com 21 pais, com idades que variaram de 18 a 49 anos. Dos discursos dos pais emergiram três categorias temáticas: a) sentimentos paternos; b) hospitalização como experiência árdua; c) enfrentamento da hospitalização por meio da fé. Os pais demandam suporte e apoio ao longo da experiência de hospitalização do filho tanto quanto as mães. Os resultados denotam que eles também vivenciam dificuldades e não sabem como lidar com elas, enquanto tentam dar suporte ao filho, mulher e família. Considerações finais: o cuidado intencional e direcionado aos pais poderá atenuar sentimentos negativos e favorecer os positivos que emergiram nos discursos dos pais do presente estudo, como amor, alegria e gratidão.(AU)


Introduction: the participation of men as parents is also very important for the development of the newborn, especially when he is hospitalized. Therefore, the father must also have his needs understood and assisted in the context of neonatal care. Objective: to describe the father's feelings about the child's hospitalization in a neonatal intensive care unit. Method: this is an exploratory and descriptive study with a qualitative approach, developed in a neonatal unit of a public teaching hospital. The participants were fathers of the hospitalized newborns. Data collection took place through semistructured interviews, carried out individually in a private location. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed according to content analysis proposed by Minayo. The Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Estadual de CampinasUnicamp approved the study under Opinion No. 1,387,229, CAAE: 50873215.9.0000.5404. Results: we conducted an interview with 21 parents, aged between 18 and 49 years..(AU)


Introducción: la participación del hombre, como padre, es muy importante para el desarrollo del recién nacido, especialmente cuando el propio niño está hospitalizado. Por lo tanto, deben tenerse en cuenta sus sentimientos dentro del contexto de atención neonatal. Objetivo: describir los sentimientos del padre sobre la hospitalización del propio niño en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. Método: estudio exploratorio descriptivo de enfoque cualitativo, desarrollado en la unidad neonatal de un hospital escuela público. Los sujetos eran los padres de recién nacidos hospitalizados. La recogida de datos se llevó a cabo a través de una entrevista semiestructurada individual a cada padre realizada en un lugar privado. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas, transcritas y analizadas de acuerdo con el análisis de contenido propuesto por Minayo. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Universidad Estatal de Campinas, bajo el dictamen No. 1,387,229, CAAE: 50873215.9.0000.5404. Resultados: se realizó una entrevista a cada uno de los 21 padres, con edades entre 18 y 49 años. De los discursos de los padres surgieron tres categorías temáticas: a) los sentimientos paternos; b) la hospitalización como una ardua experiencia; c) el hacer frente a la hospitalización a través de la fe. Los padres precisan apoyo y respaldo durante la experiencia de hospitalización de sus hijos, tanto como las madres. Los resultados muestran que también sienten dificultades y no saben cómo manejarlas, mientras tratan de brindar apoyo al hijo, a la mujer y a la familia. Consideraciones finales: la atención intencional dirigida a los padres podría mitigar los sentimientos negativos y favorecer los positivos que surgieron en sus discursos tales como amor, alegría y gratitud.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Criança Hospitalizada , Emoções , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046041

RESUMO

The research aims to investigate the emotional experiences of the individuals who use drugs in terms of their parenting role as father, within a rehabilitative context. The study aims to analyze how dependence affects the exercise of the parental role, specifically paternity, with the aim of offering an overview of the father-son relationship while considering the possible limitations that characterize those who are forced to live parenting in an atypical way. It is necessary to help individuals who use drugs to be able to help them in life with the goal of establish a better parenting awareness and a good relationship with their father and their children. The research work made use of qualitative tools, specifically semi-structured interview, which was administered to a sample of 18 fathers that were treated in a rehabilitation clinic for individuals who use drugs. The used semi-structured interview made it possible to analyze the perception of participants about their paternity, the quality of the relationship with their father and their children, and the influence that the narcotic substance has generated in the relationship with their father and with their children.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína , Relações Pai-Filho , Dependência de Heroína , Poder Familiar , Adulto , Criança , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/terapia , Pai , Dependência de Heroína/psicologia , Dependência de Heroína/terapia , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Scand J Psychol ; 61(2): 243-252, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945192

RESUMO

The aim of the current study was to examine the factorial structure of the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task (MCAST), using a father doll to address the child's attachment representation to father. While the MCAST, a doll story completion task measuring attachment representations in early childhood, has been validated for use with a mother doll, its use for assessing attachment to father is relatively unexplored. Thus, an additional aim was to compare the factorial structure of the child's attachment representation to father and mother, respectively. We analyzed data from 118 first-grade children who underwent counterbalanced administration of the MCAST with a mother and father doll, respectively, within a period of three months. Exploratory factorial analysis revealed similar, three-factor solutions for attachment to father and mother, with a first factor capturing the child's (scripted) knowledge of secure base/safe haven and a second factor reflecting intrusive and conflict behavior. The third factor was different in the father and mother representations, capturing self-care and role-reversal in attachment to father and disorganization in attachment to mother. Findings support the potential usefulness of the MCAST for exploring the father-child relationship and highlight a need for further research on early attachment representations to father.


Assuntos
Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Apego ao Objeto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães
16.
Poiésis (En línea) ; 38(Ene.-Jun.): 140-161, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095748

RESUMO

En el presente trabajo se busca cavilar acerca de la violencia filio-parental, como parte de una realidad que, desde una mirada en referencia a las ciencias sociales y humanas, amerita una reflexión, una intervención y un espacio para dar a conocer por qué ocurre la dinámica de violencia de hijos a padres, y a hoy cuáles han sido los diferentes abordajes en cuanto al concepto de familia, razón por la cual se hace necesario emprender un conocimiento en lo que implica las peculiaridades que comprenden las familias en su interior, el fenómeno de la violencia filio-parental y su posible intervención. Esta investigación documental se realizó con base en un enfoque hermenéutico, donde a partir de los hallazgos, se pretende analizar, comprender e interpretar la realidad de la violencia filio-parental desde diferentes autores que apuntan al tema de investigación, logrando concebir de manera clara cuál es la dinámica que se ejerce dentro de la familia. Se divide entonces en tres partes: descripción, identificación e intervención, desde las dinámicas internas de las familias, partiendo de las clasificaciones que existen de violencia familiar, logrando resignificar el lugar que tiene la familia en la sociedad; por último, se recogen algunas reflexiones en referencia a la intervención de la violencia filio-parental.


This paper is intended to provide a reflection on child-to-parent violence, as part of a reality that, from the point of view of social and human sciences, deserves a reflection, an intervention and a space to make visible the reasons why it occurs, and up to date which have been the different approaches to the concept of family. All these makes it necessary to undertake a process knowledge constructions in the implication of the peculiarities that are comprised inside the families, the phenomenon of child-to-parent violence and its possible intervention. This documentary research was carried out following a hermeneutical approach. Based on the findings, it is intended to analyze, understand and interpret the reality of child-to-parent violence from different authors who address the research topic, leading to clearly understand the dynamic that is exercised within the family. It is divided into three parts: description, identification and intervention, within the internal dynamics of families, based on the classifications of family violence, leading to provide a new sense to the place that family has in society; finally, some reflections are collected in reference to the intervention of child-to-parent violence.


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência Doméstica , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Relações Pai-Filho
18.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 686-703, dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1046000

RESUMO

Estudar metas parentais de socialização emocional permite conhecer particularidades de contextos socioculturais e seus impactos no desenvolvimento infantil. Para analisar essas metas em mães e pais e sua relação com a valorização da autonomia ou da relação, realizou-se um estudo exploratório em que foram entrevistadas 60 duplas mãe-pai de filhos com até três anos, residentes na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. As respostas das entrevistas foram analisadas por uma técnica de análise de conteúdo e, posteriormente, foram calculadas frequências de evocações para as categorias identificadas e empregados procedimentos estatísticos descritivos e testes de associação entre grupos. Os resultados indicaram que as características emocionais desejadas por mães e pais para os filhos quandoadultos sinalizavam valorização da autonomia, independência e autoconfiança emocional, com as condições para o seu desenvolvimento estando principalmente centradas no contexto. A atuação parental prevalente foi a de educar/orientar para o desenvolvimento das metas emocionais que estabeleceram. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre mães e pais, nem entre mães-pais de meninos e meninas quanto a quaisquer dos aspectos investigados. Sugere-se novos estudos abarcando distintas configurações familiares, com participantes de variados níveis de escolaridade e em outros contextos socioculturais.(AU)


Studying parental socialization goals allows us to understand the characteristics of sociocultural contexts and its impacts on child development. In order to analyze such goals in mothers and fathers and its relationship with their values regarding autonomy and relatedness, an exploratory study was conducted in which we interviewed 60 mother-father couples of children up to three years of age, living in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Interview responses were analyzed by a content analysis technique and, subsequently, emission frequencies were calculated for the identified categories and descriptive statistical procedures and association tests between groups were employed. Results showed that the emotional characteristics that the parents desired for their children as adults valued autonomy, independence and emotional self-confidence, with the conditions for child development mostly centered in contextual factors. The most frequently reported parental behavior was involvement in education/guidance towards their child developmental goals. No differences were found between mothers and fathers, neither between parents of girls or boys regarding any of the variables analyzed. Further studies are suggested covering different family configurations, with participants of varying levels of education and in other socio-cultural contexts.(AU)


Estudiar metas parentales de socialización emocional permite conocer particularidades de contextos socioculturales y sus impactos en el desarrollo infantil. Para analizar esas metas en madres y padres y su relación con la valorización de la autonomía o de la relación, se realizó un estudio exploratorio y se entrevistó 60 dobles madre-padre de hijos con hasta tres años, residentes en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro. Las respuestas de la entrevista se analizaron mediante técnica de análisis de contenido y, posteriormente, se calcularon las frecuencias de emisión para las categorías identificadas y se emplearon procedimientos estadísticos descriptivos y pruebas de asociación entre grupos. Los resultados indicaron que las características emocionales deseadas por madres y padres para los hijos cuando adultos señalaban valorización de autonomía, independencia y autoconfianza emocional, con las condiciones para su desarrollo estando principalmente centradas en el contexto. La actuación parental prevalente fue la de educar/orientar para el desarrollo de las metas emocionales que establecieron. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre madres y padres, ni entre madres-padres de niños y niñas en cuanto a cualquiera de los aspectos investigados. Se sugieren estudios adicionales que abarquen diferentes configuraciones familiares, participantes de diferentes niveles de educación y en otros contextos socioculturales.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Poder Familiar , Socialização , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho
19.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(12): 1855-1859, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the predictive role of perceived mother, father and peer attachment in depressive symptoms of adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. METHODS: The quantitative study was conducted at various drug rehabilitation centres in Karachi from January 2016 to September 2017, and comprised adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Revised, Urdu version, and Centre for Epidemiological Studies- Depression Scale for Children, Urdu Version, were used to gather data which was analysed using SPPS 20. RESULTS: Of the 150 participants, 82(55%) were males and 68(45%) were females. The overall mean age was 13.44}1.50 years. Perceived attachment with mother, father and peers collectively contributed significant variance in the depressive symptoms of the subjects (p=0.0001). Independently, only perceived mother and father attachment played a significant role in such symptoms with highest prediction value observed on father attachment (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Perceived mother and father attachment were found to be significant predictors of depressive symptoms among adolescents living with paternal substance use disorder. Peer attachment was significantly linked to the symptoms, but did not have a definite predictive role.


Assuntos
Depressão , Relações Pai-Filho , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Criança , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Paquistão , Grupo Associado
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