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1.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(310): 27-30, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543231

RESUMO

Studies and the experience of caregivers in paediatric hospital departments reveal the difficulties encountered by families and children when the treatment of a chronic disease requires injections to be administered by the family at home. Many treatments in paediatrics are administered by subcutaneous injection which means parents need to perform this procedure on their child, often for organisational reasons. However, injecting medication into one's child is not easy for the parent, even when the technique is mastered.


Assuntos
Injeções Subcutâneas/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Criança , Humanos
2.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(310): 34-38, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543233

RESUMO

Most children adopted in a foreign country present somatic disorders, which can have an impact on the construction of the bond with the adoptive parents. This potential complication must be taken into account in the adoption procedure and during the post-adoption follow-up, taking on board the trauma of everyone involved.


Assuntos
Adoção , Internacionalidade , Pais/psicologia , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Criança , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho
3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 266: 51-56, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397301

RESUMO

Emerging research evidence has demonstrated the potential for digital tools, such as automated language processing technology, to support parent-child interactions. Making use of digital tools can aid measurement of parent interaction metrics, additionally, providing contingent feedback to parents based on their language metrics can facilitate positive changes in their everyday input to their young children. Product innovation aside, there is a distinct lack of understanding about how best to integrate real-world, user design needs and preferences to improve deployment of technologies into routine clinical interventions. The present study explored salient requirements of a wearable language tracking device from the users' perspectives. Mothers of young children and clinicians with experience working in paediatric settings completed a written questionnaire and rated the importance of specific functions and features of a child-worn, language tracking device on a 10-point Likert scale. There was strong rating consensus across the participants that comfort, reliability and the provision of clear and useful results were of greater importance. The need for the wearable language tracking device to 'blend in' with different types of clothing was rated as less important. The extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) model was employed as a framework for addressing these importance ratings in this population of interest. This study highlighted the need to consider user-focused service design. Addressing user's preferences could facilitate greater technology adoption which ultimately enriches the language experiences for young children.


Assuntos
Linguagem Infantil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 158(3-4): 133-137, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416320

RESUMO

The article deals with a new social phenomenon that began to emerge after 1989 - postponing parenthood to later age. Attention in text is paid to the characteristic features of contemporary parenting with an emphasis on the higher age of parents. Selected psychological contexts related to higher age of parents, especially psychological development of preschool children is outlined. The importance of individual parental care for a small child and the common time of children with their parents and changes in parental roles in the intergenerational context and the current problems of parental influence on the child are mentioned as well.


Assuntos
Idade Materna , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Pais , Idade Paterna , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Cognição , Humanos
5.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 857-861, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005534

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar o estresse vivenciado por pais ou mães que cuidam de filhos com câncer. Métodos: Pesquisa quantitativa realizada com 22 mães que recebiam apoio na Casa da Criança com Câncer em João Pessoa/Paraíba, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados entre março e maio de 2016 por meio de questionário sociodemográfico e de vulnerabilidade ao estresse. Os dados foram processados pela frequência absoluta e relativa, média e desvio padrão da média, mínimo e máximo. Aprovado CAAE: 49175015100005176. Resultados: Verificouse que 59,1% (13) eram crianças do sexo masculino e 100% (22) mulheres (mães) que cuidavam dos filhos; o tratamento mais prevalente foi à quimioterapia; 100% dos cuidadores apresentaram alta vulnerabilidade de desenvolver estresse. Conclusão: É necessária uma assistência multiprofisisonal direcionada não apenas à criança diagnosticada com câncer, mas ao cuidador e à família que participa e auxília em todos os momentos de sofrimento


Objective: To investigate the stress experienced by parents who care for children with cancer. Method: Quantitative research performed with 22 mothers who received support at the House of the Child with Cancer in João Pessoa/Paraíba, Brazil. Data were collected between March and May 2016 through a sociodemographic and stress vulnerability questionnaire. Data were processed by absolute and relative frequency, mean and standard deviation of the mean, minimum and maximum. Approved CAAE: 49175015100005176. Results: It was verified that 59.1% (13) were male children and 100% (22) female (mothers) who cared for their children; The most prevalent treatment was chemotherapy; 100% of caregivers presented high vulnerability to developing stress. Conclusion: Multiprofisisonal assistance is 1 Enfermeira pela Faculdade de São Francisco da Paraíba (FASP), Especialista em Oncologia, Hematologia Cirúrgica e Molecular. 2 Enfermeira pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Estudante PhD no Programa de pós-graduação em Enfermagem da UFRN. 3 Graduanda em Enfermagem pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 4 Graduanda em Enfermagem pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 5 Enfermeiro pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 6 Enfermeiro pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ), Estudante PhD no Programa de pós-graduação em Enfermagem da UFRN. DOI: 10.9789/2175-5361.2019.v11i4.857-861 Vulnerabilidade ao estresse: pais cuidadores de filhos com câncer ISSN 2175-5361 Anna Luiza CF, Anna Cláudia FAP, Lidianne ML, et al. J. res.: fundam. care. online 2019 abr/jun 11(4): 857-861 858 needed not only for the child diagnosed with cancer, but also for the caregiver and the family that participates and assistance in all moments of suffering


Objetivo: Investigar el estrés vivido por padres o madres que cuidan hijos con cáncer. Método: Investigación cuantitativa realizada con 22 madres que recibían apoyo en la Casa del Niño con Cáncer en João Pessoa/ Paraíba, Brasil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre marzo y mayo de 2016 a través de cuestionario sociodemográfico y de Vulnerabilidad al estrés. Los datos fueron procesados por la frecuencia absoluta y relativa, media, desviación estándar de la media, mínimo y máximo. Aprobado CAAE: 49175015100005176. Resultados: Se verificó que el 59,1% (13) eran niños del sexo masculino y 100% (22) mujeres (madres) que cuidaban a los hijos; El tratamiento más prevalente fue a la quimioterapia; 100% de los cuidadores presentaron una alta vulnerabilidad de desarrollar estrés. Conclusión: Es necesaria una asistencia multiprofisisonal dirigida no sólo para el niño diagnosticado con cáncer, sino al cuidador y la familia que participa y auxilia en todos los momentos de sufrimiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias , Relações Pais-Filho , Família/psicologia , Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia
6.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(4): 40-48, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical abuse is the most common type of child maltreatment reported in Taiwan. The action of non-abusing caregivers is key to ending this maltreatment and to preventing future victimization in the home. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the decision-making process used by non-abusing caregivers to take action after finding that children under their care were being physically abused at home. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach was adopted and purposive, snowball sampling was used to recruit 11 non-abusing caregivers of children less than 18 years of age who were experiencing physical abuse at home. Data were collected using semi-structured, in-depth interviews. Data analysis was performed using a constant comparison method that was based on grounded theory principles and techniques. RESULTS: The participants adopted a process that shifted over time from passive observation to active participation in dealing with children under their care being physically abused at home. The three main categories and five subcategories in this process are (1) inaction (shirking parental responsibility and rationalizing spouse's use of corporal punishment); (2) obscure action (family harmony first; strategic solutions); and (3) action (bottom line for asking for help). In this study, the decision-making process was influenced by personal, family, and sociocultural factors. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The decision of the non-abusing caregivers in this study whether or not to take action was influenced by situational factors, which led to various consequences for their children. Non-abusing caregivers should be provided with coping strategies and resources to help them make decisions that protect the best interests of the physically abused child.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Tomada de Decisões , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Taiwan
7.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 881, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Less than 2% of children in the U.S., ages 9-13, meet the minimum dietary recommendations for vegetable intake. The home setting provides potential opportunities to promote dietary behavior change among children, yet limited trials exist with child vegetable intake as a primary outcome. Strategies to increase vegetable intake grounded in behavioral economics are no/low cost and may be easily implemented in the home by parents. METHODS: This non-randomized, controlled study tested whether an intervention of parent-led strategies informed by behavioral economics and implemented within a series of 6 weekly parent-child vegetable cooking skills classes, improved dietary outcomes of a diverse sample of low-income children (ages 9-12) more than the vegetable cooking skills classes alone. The primary outcomes were total vegetable intake, dietary quality (HEI scores), total energy intake, vegetable liking, variety of vegetables tried, child BMI-z score, and home availability of vegetables. Outcome measures were collected at baseline, immediate post-treatment, 6 and 12 months follow-up. Mixed model regression analyses with fixed independent effects (treatment condition, time point and treatment condition x time interaction) were used to compare outcomes between treatment conditions. RESULTS: A total of 103 parent/child pairs (intervention = 49, control = 54) were enrolled and 91 (intervention = 44, control = 47) completed the weekly cooking skills program. The intervention did not improve child total vegetable intake. Intervention children increased dark green vegetable intake from immediate post-treatment to 12 months. The number of vegetables children tried increased and mean vegetable liking decreased over time for both control and intervention children. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study suggest that the strategies and the manner in which they were implemented may not be effective in low-income populations. The burden of implementing a number of strategies with potentially higher food costs may have constrained the ability of families in the current study to use the strategies as intended. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been retrospectively registered at : # NCT03641521 on August 21, 2018.


Assuntos
Dieta/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Relações Pais-Filho , Verduras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Dieta/economia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Economia Comportamental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pobreza , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Adulto Jovem
8.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 68(5): 419-437, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250723

RESUMO

Family Psychiatry - The Attachment-Focused, Systemic-Oriented, Integrative Concept of the Family Therapy Centre (FaTC), an Acute Multi-Family Day Clinic Up to three quarters of the children of mentally ill parents develop a mental disorder during their lifetime. The transmission occurs essentially through dysfunctional interaction and disturbed attachment. Parent-child interaction is characterized by a vicious circle of escalating symptoms in the child and increasing helplessness in the parents. For this family psychiatric approaches are helpful, which address the interaction in addition to the individual disorders. The Family Therapy Centre (FaTC) Neckargemünd offers family psychiatric, integrated therapy for parents and children in an acute day clinic multi-family setting. The basic therapeutic principles are attachment orientation, mentalisation and systemic perspective with a multi-family therapy approach. Typical family psychiatric case constellations are presented, for which the concept seems particularly helpful: (1) Early childhood regulatory disorders in interaction with mentally ill parents, (2) mother with PTSD and expansive-aggressive preschool child and (3) adolescents with separation anxiety and depressive-anxious mother. The previous experiences are reflected by a moderated focus group of the entire FaTC team. The FaTC concept was evaluated as very helpful. It was positively judged that the family system is visibly present on site (and not only virtually). The focus is on interaction, therefore causal therapy can be offered rather than symptomatic treatment. Limitations of the concept are therapy of severely aggressive adolescents or parents who do not want to participate. The concept of the FaTC is currently being scientifically evaluated.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Psiquiatria/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Familiar/organização & administração , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Psiquiatria/organização & administração
9.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 108(8): 554-558, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185839

RESUMO

When a Parent Falls Severely Ill - Challenges for the Medical Practice from the Children's Perspective Abstract. A serious somatic parental illness affects the whole family. However, children of ill parents rarely attract attention in the medical system. They often feel their parents' distress, show over-adapted behavior and remain trapped in their fears and concerns. Knowledge of the children's stage of development and the nature of communication within the family are essential requirements for effective support. Interventions aim at supporting parents in their responsibility, strengthening communication, exchanging of feelings and therefore facilitating the children's cognitive orientation.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Envelhecimento , Nível de Saúde , Relações Pais-Filho , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Pais
10.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 701, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parental support is an important element in overweight prevention programs for children. The purpose of this study was to examine everyday life situations in which mothers encounter difficulties encouraging healthy energy balance-related behavior in their school-age children. METHODS: We formed four focus groups containing 6-9 participants each. The participants were mothers of Dutch, Turkish, or Moroccan descent with a child 8-13 years of age. All focus group sessions were recorded, transcribed, and coded. Content was analyzed conventionally using ATLAS.ti 6. RESULTS: Twenty-seven difficult everyday life situations were identified in 14 settings. The five most frequently reported situations were a daily struggle regarding eating vegetables, eating breakfast on time before going to school, eating candy and snacks between meals, and spending excessive time watching television and using the computer. A perceived loss of parental control, the inability to establish rules and the failure to consistently enforce those rules were the most commonly cited reasons for why the mothers experience these situations as being difficult. CONCLUSIONS: We identified five difficult everyday life situations related to healthy energy balance-related behavior. These five difficult situations were used as the input for developing a web-based parenting program designed to prevent children from becoming overweight. We reasoned that if we use these situations and the underlying reasons, many parents would recognize these situations and are willing to learn how to deal with them and complete the e-learning.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Mães/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/etnologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Refeições/psicologia , Marrocos/etnologia , Países Baixos/etnologia , Sobrepeso/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Poder Familiar/etnologia , Percepção , Turquia/etnologia
11.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(308): 44-46, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171300

RESUMO

Neonatal intensive care is an emotionally charged unit. In addition to delivering specific care to the premature newborn, the role of the caregivers is to support the parents in their new role and to include them in the care. The creation of the bond between the parents and the premature infant in this context is specific. The children's nurse, through touch and the practice of skin-to-skin contact, can help them establish these first bonds.


Assuntos
Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Apego ao Objeto , Relações Pais-Filho , Tato , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Pais/psicologia
13.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (136): 66-79, 2019 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210502

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An educational group talk on caring for a child is offered to all parents as part of their preparation for being discharged from the maternity unit. A nursey nurse and a childcare assistant lead a group of parents on the following themes: the rhythms of a newborn, sleeping, feeding, and caring for a child. Videos and leaflets are used as teaching aids. METHOD: 100 parents completed a satisfaction questionnaire that also questioned their sense of competence. RESULTS: 80% of parents were totally satisfied with the session but only 52% felt fully competent when it came to taking care of their child. This figure was at 69% for sleeping, 71% for temperature, and 57% for preventing infections and accidents. Mothers' satisfaction with participation was significant (p<0.013) for primiparous women (n=46) if they were listened to about their concerns. The same was true for multiparous women (n=35) if they were able to express themselves freely (p<0.018) by sharing their experiences. DISCUSSION: This educational group talk that prepares families for leaving the maternity unit must evolve into a sharing by the group of knowledge and practices where care-givers remain guarantors of their validity. It helps parents to develop child care skills for a more confident return home. The above-average sense of self-efficacy demonstrates the benefits of this method of family health education.


Assuntos
Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/educação , Alta do Paciente , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Am J Occup Ther ; 73(3): 7303205010p1-7303205010p13, 2019 May/Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of parent-mediated interventions on occupational performance of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: We conducted a search of academic databases using terms such as autism spectrum disorder, parent, caregiver, and intervention. Five hundred eighty-two articles were reviewed, and 109 were selected for full-text review. The final analysis included 13 articles. RESULTS: Strong evidence was found for the efficacy of parent-mediated intervention for increasing child joint attention. Moderate evidence was found for the improvement of language scores, expressive language, nonverbal communication, initiation and response to interaction, behavior, play, adaptive functioning, ASD symptoms, and social communication. CONCLUSION: This systematic review suggests that parent-mediated interventions for children with ASD can improve various aspects of communication and ASD symptoms, with emerging support for occupational performance. Occupational therapy practitioners are well suited to facilitate these interventions to support families with children with autism.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Transtorno Autístico/terapia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Adulto , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Criança , Comunicação , Humanos
15.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089098

RESUMO

AIM: To study the efficacy of medical rehabilitation outpatient program 'Point of Soberness' with the use of prolonged injectable naltrexone for alcohol dependent parents of minor children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and seventeen patients with severe disease form without remissions were enrolled in the study. All patients were parents at risk of deprivation of parental rights. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A complex approach, used during the rehabilitation, helped 87% of patients to maintain social and professional status and finish treatment program. More than 95% of patients retained their parental rights. The 'Point of Soberness' program allows achievement of remission of alcohol dependence and retaining parental rights.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Antagonistas de Entorpecentes , Adulto , Alcoolismo/reabilitação , Criança , Humanos , Naltrexona , Antagonistas de Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais
16.
Health Psychol ; 38(7): 648-657, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Illness behaviors-or responses to bodily symptoms-predict individuals' recovery and functioning; however, there has been little research on the early life personality antecedents of illness behavior. This study's primary aims were to evaluate (a) childhood temperament traits (i.e., emotionality and sociability) as predictors of adult illness behaviors, independent of objective health; and (b) adult temperament traits for mediation of childhood temperament's associations. METHOD: Participants included 714 (53% male; 350 adoptive family and 364 control family) children and siblings from the Colorado Adoption Project (CAP; Plomin & DeFries, 1983). Structural regression analyses evaluated paths from childhood temperament to illness behavior (i.e., somatic complaints, sick days, and medication use) at two adulthood assessments (CAP years 21 and 30). Analyses controlled for participant age, sex, family type (adoptive or control), adopted status, parent education/occupation, and middle childhood illnesses, doctor visits, and life events stress. RESULTS: Latent illness behavior factors were established across 2 adulthood assessments. Multilevel path analyses revealed that higher emotionality (fearfulness) in adulthood-but not childhood temperament-predicted higher levels of illness behavior at both assessments. Lastly, lower emotionality-fearfulness partially mediated the effect of higher childhood sociability on adult illness behavior. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest the importance of childhood illness experiences and adult emotionality (fearfulness) in shaping illness behavior in early adulthood. They also suggest a small, protective role of childhood sociability on reduced trait fearfulness in adulthood. These findings broaden our understanding of the prospective links between temperament and illness behavior development, suggesting distinct associations from early life illness experiences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Comportamento de Doença , Temperamento , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Doença/fisiologia , Comportamento Impulsivo/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Personalidade/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Temperamento/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 588, 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Past experiences of childhood maltreatment are common for youth involved in the juvenile justice system. This paper explores potential protective factors at the peer, family, school, and neighborhood levels that disrupt the relationship between maltreatment and later non-violent and violent offending behavior and how these protective effects vary by a number of different sociodemographics. METHODS: We used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a nationally representative longitudinal study of adolescents who were in grades 7-12 in the 1994-95 school year. Pulling data from Add Health respondents from ages 13 to 30, we used linear mixed effects modeling to create growth curves of predicted violent and non-violent offending frequency from adolescence into young adulthood, with maltreatment frequency as a predictor. Next, we tested whether potential protective factors including time with friends, a high-quality relationship with a parent figure, school connection, or neighborhood collective efficacy moderated the intercept or slope of the growth curves. Finally, we tested if sex, race/ethnicity, or sexual orientation moderated these protective effects. RESULTS: For violent offending, school connection, high-quality relationships with mother or father figures, and neighborhood collective efficacy were all generally protective, meaning they were associated with lower levels and shallower slopes of predicted violent offending, but they were not more or less protective for those who experienced maltreatment. For non-violent offending, the same was true of school connection, high-quality relationships with a mother figure, and neighborhood collective efficacy, which were all generally protective. We found no evidence of a protective effect for time spent with friends, though this is likely due to measurement constraints, as simply measuring time spent with friends may have heterogeneous effects on delinquent behaviors. We found no evidence that any of these protective effects varied by sociodemographics. CONCLUSIONS: This paper identifies factors that teachers, juvenile corrections officers, policymakers and others can intervene on to prevent engagement (or re-engagement) in delinquency and offending among youth and young adults who experienced maltreatment. As they are also protective for youth who have not experienced maltreatment they also inform general delinquency prevention efforts.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Criminosos/psicologia , Delinquência Juvenil/psicologia , Violência/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Grupo Associado , Fatores de Proteção , Características de Residência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adulto Jovem
18.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 105-203, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181689

RESUMO

Antecedentes: la escala de Experiencias Vitales Tempranas (ELES) evalúa el recuerdo de la amenaza y subordinación percibidas durante la infancia en las relaciones familiares partiendo de la teoría del rango social. Se propone adaptar al español dicha escala y comprobar su estructura factorial mediante una validación cruzada y explorar sus propiedades psicométricas. Método: participaron 960 sujetos (863 de población general y 97 pacientes). Resultados: los datos confirman la estructura factorial de la versión inicial de Gilbert, Cheung, Grandfield, Campey, y Irons (2003), obteniendo tres factores: sumisión, amenaza, y desvalorización, explicando un 66.31% de la varianza. La versión española de la escala ELES resultó estar compuesta por el mismo número de ítems que la original y mostró índices adecuados de validez, consistencia interna, fiabilidad retest, fiabilidad compuesta e invarianza por género. Conclusiones: la escala de Experiencias Vitales Tempranas (ELES) puede ser de utilidad para evaluar las experiencias vitales tempranas, estudiar la relación entre dichas experiencias en diferentes manifestaciones psicopatológicas y establecer posibles modelos explicativos


Background: The Early Life Experiences Scale (ELES) evaluates the memory of threat and subordination perceived in childhood family relationships based on social rank theory. This scale was adapted to Spanish, its factor structure was tested by cross-validation, and its psychometric properties were explored. Method: 960 subjects participated (863 subjects from the general population and 97 patients). Results: Data confirm the factor structure of the original version by Authors (2003), obtaining a similar model with three factors: submission, threat, and devaluation, which explained 66.31% of the variance. The Spanish version of the ELES was comprised of the same number of items as in the original study and showed adequate indices of validity, internal consistency, retest and combined reliability. Conclusions: The Early Life Experiences Scale (ELES) can be a useful measure for evaluating early life experiences. Its application may be very relevant in studying the relationship between these experiences and psychopathological manifestations in constructing explanatory models


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Experiências Adversas da Infância , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Relações Pais-Filho , Vergonha , Culpa , Medo , Punição/psicologia
19.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 300-313, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181692

RESUMO

This study addressed the development and evaluation of the Smile Program whose main objective was the prevention of depression and the promotion of well-being in adolescents. The program is based on interventions that have been shown to be efficacious (a cognitive-behavioral approach). Participants were 89 adolescents (mean age = 13.88 years; SD = 0.95) recruited from a sample of 1212 students from seven schools. Results showed a significant reduction in self-reported depressive symptoms in the intervention group (n= 51) as compared to youth in the control group (n= 38). Based on parents' report (n=56), youth in the intervention group had significantly better self-esteem at post-test as compared to youth in the control group. At four months post intervention, youth in the intervention group had higher psychological well-being than those in the control group; at the 8-month follow-up, youth in the intervention condition reported better family self-concept


Este estudio consistió en describir el desarrollo y la evaluación del Programa Sonrisa cuyo principal objetivo fue la prevención de la depresión y la promoción del bienestar en adolescentes. El programa se basa en intervenciones que han demostrado ser eficaces (enfoque cognitivo-conductual). Los participantes fueron 89 adolescentes (edad media = 13,88 años, SD = 0,95) reclutados de una muestra de 1212 estudiantes de 7 escuelas. Los resultados de los autoinformes de los adolescentes mostraron una reducción significativa en los síntomas depresivos en el grupo de intervención (n = 51) en comparación con los adolescentes del grupo control (n = 38). Respecto a los cuestionarios de los padres (n = 56), se halló que los adolescentes en el grupo de intervención tuvieron una autoestima significativamente mejor en el postest en comparación con los del grupo control. Cuatro meses después del programa, los adolescentes del grupo de intervención tenían un mayor bienestar psicológico que los del grupo de control y , en el seguimiento de 8 meses, los adolescentes de la condición de intervención informaron de un mejor autoconcepto familiar


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Programas Gente Saudável/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Avaliação de Eficácia-Efetividade de Intervenções , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 416, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Religion plays an important role in youth behaviours, making it a significant factor in the discourse on youth sexuality in sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies have found that religion and religiosity play an important role in the sexual behaviours of young people. However, little research in Nigeria has examined the mechanisms through which religiosity influences youth sexual behaviour and if parents' religion moderates this relationship. Guided by the social control theory, this paper contributes to the existing literature by examining the relationship between religiosity and youth sexual behaviour. METHODS: Data for the study came from 2399 male and female youth aged 16-24 years in four states purposively selected from four regions in Nigeria. Abstinence was the sexual behaviour of interest. Logistic regression was used to examine this relationship. RESULTS: Results showed that 68% of the youth had never had sex. Religiosity was a protective factor for youth sexual behaviour and this positive association was still evident even after controlling for other covariates. Youth who were highly religious (OR - 1.81, CI- 1.13-2.88) had significantly higher odds of abstaining compared to their counterparts who were not religious. CONCLUSION: Religiosity is a protective factor for sexual abstinence among youth in Nigeria. Policy makers can work around using religious institutions for behavioural change among youth in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Relações Pais-Filho , Religião e Sexo , Abstinência Sexual/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Nigéria , Pais , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adulto Jovem
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