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1.
J Christ Nurs ; 37(4): E43-E44, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898076

RESUMO

Nurses have put themselves in precarious situations by caring for COVID-19 patients. Through the grid of faith, hope, and love as depicted in 1 Corinthians, the author commends the selfless work of nurses and esteems God's faithfulness to nurses who acknowledge him.


Assuntos
Cristianismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Religião e Medicina , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Comportamento Cooperativo , Empatia , Humanos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Pandemias , Filosofia em Enfermagem
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(9)2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907872

RESUMO

COVID-19 has challenged all medical professionals to optimise non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV) as a means of limiting intubation. We present a case of a middle-aged man with a voluminous beard for religious reasons who developed progressive hypoxic respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19 infection which became refractory to NIV. After gaining permission to trim the patient's facial hair by engaging with the patient, his family and religious leaders, his mask fit objectively improved, his hypoxaemia markedly improved and an unnecessary intubation was avoided. Trimming of facial hair should be considered in all patients on NIV who might have any limitations with mask fit and seal that would hamper ventilation, including patients who have facial hair for religious reasons.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Ventilação não Invasiva/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Idoso , Encefalopatias/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cabelo , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Religião e Medicina , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Traqueostomia
4.
Ethn Dis ; 30(3): 425-428, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742145

RESUMO

Religious institutions have historically been an essential resource in African American communities and can serve as indispensable partners during a public health crisis. The purpose of this perspective is to establish African American churches, mosques, and temples as essential for an immediate, comprehensive, and sustained response to the elevated risk for and spread of COVID-19 among African Americans.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Religião e Medicina , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Missões Religiosas/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
5.
Pediatrics ; 146(Suppl 1): S81-S85, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737238

RESUMO

Jahi McMath's story has been an important reference in medicine and ethics as the landscape of the understanding of death by neurologic criteria is shifting, with families actively questioning the once-firm criterion. Palliative care providers have a role in seeking understanding and collaborating with families and clinical teams to navigate the many challenges that arise when a medical team has determined that a child has died, and their parents disagree. In this case-based narrative discussion we consider the complexity of the family experience of brain death.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica/diagnóstico , Família , Cuidados Paliativos , Religião e Medicina , Adolescente , Cura pela Fé/psicologia , Feminino , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Comportamento Materno , Exame Neurológico , Relações Profissional-Família , Prognóstico
6.
S Afr Med J ; 110(2): 100-101, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657677

RESUMO

The South African Constitution provides that children have the right to healthcare, as well as all other rights. Furthermore, in all matters affecting them, their best interests must be 'of paramount importance'. It seems common practice that, when parents refuse blood transfusions for their children solely on religious grounds, doctors and health authorities apply for a court order to overturn such refusals. However, since the implementation of the Children's Act of 2005, it may be that the onus is no longer on doctors and authorities to apply to court to reverse the decision of parents and guardians. It can be argued instead that the burden has shifted to the parents to apply to court for an order to overrule the decision of doctors, by proving to the court that alternative choices are available. Guidance is given for situations, particularly in the public sector, where alternative choices are not available.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/legislação & jurisprudência , Pais , Religião e Medicina , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Criança , Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Função Jurisdicional , África do Sul
7.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634003

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented unprecedented health challenges across all strata in society throughout the world. The COVID experience has caused us to reflect on quality of life, health and well-being and, just as important, end of life. During this time, spiritual care forms a vital component of holistic health management, especially in terms of coping, coming to terms with illness, suffering and ultimately death. The relationship with the transcendent or sacred has a strong influence on a people's beliefs, attitudes, emotions and behaviour. Populations, communities, families and individuals have always found solace through their religious or philosophical beliefs during times of personal adversity and widespread anxiety or disaster. Although spiritual care has always been a part of the domain of religious beliefs, a more contemporary perspective is that spiritual care forms part of the human psyche and thus forms part of human care, health and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers. Spiritual care deals with the provision of compassion and empathy during periods of heightened stress, distress and anxiety within care. This article provides insights into the necessity of providing spiritual care as a means of coping and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade , Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Religião , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
8.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-593119

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
9.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-609384

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
10.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 74-78, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593380

RESUMO

Sunday February 24, 1957 was a pivotal day in the history of anesthesiology and pain medicine. The leader of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Pius XII met with anesthesiologists attending an international symposium sponsored by the Italian Society of Anesthesiologists entitled, "Anesthesia and the Human Personality". The purpose of this audience was to seek clarification about the use of opioids at the end of life to reduce suffering. Three questions had been formulated from the previous year's Italian Congress of Anesthesiologists and sent to the Holy See on this specific issue. The Pope responded during this audience remarking that there was no moral obligation to withhold pain medication that could elevate suffering. He further remarked that the suppression of consciousness that can occur with opioids was consistent with the spirit of the Christian gospels. Finally, he also stated that it was not morally objectionable to administer opioids even if it might shorten life. The moral philosophy behind these answers is the doctrine of double effect. In essence, administering medications to relieve pain, the primary effect, may also hasten death, the unintended secondary effect. In seeking answers to these questions, the Italian anesthesiologists were at the forefront of a larger and ongoing debate. As new therapies are developed that may have unintended consequences, when it is morally permissible to use them?


Assuntos
Analgesia/história , Anestesiologia/história , Catolicismo/história , Manejo da Dor/história , Religião e Medicina , Analgesia/efeitos adversos , Analgesia/ética , Anestesiologistas/história , Anestesiologia/ética , História do Século XX , Humanos , Itália , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Sociedades Médicas/história
12.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 566-570, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538113

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The UK is an increasingly multicultural society. This change coincides with an increasing use of animal products in medicine and surgery and a change in the UK law of consent. The refusal of Jehovah's Witnesses to accept blood products is well known, but the use of animal products in surgery is a neglected topic. As society becomes more diverse and medicine becomes ever more advanced, there is increasing potential for a mismatch between what is medically possible and what is acceptable from a religious perspective. METHODS: Surgical products were identified by searching the literature and contacting manufacturing companies. Literature was identified by using PubMed and OVID (MEDLINE). Religious views were established by contacting national bodies for each group. FINDINGS: The views of common UK religious groups and the constituent parts of biological meshes are summarised in tables intended to be used as a reference during clinical practice. On an elective basis, the Islamic, Hindu. Sikh and Jain leaders contacted had strong views on avoiding animal derived products. The Christian and Jewish leaders contacted did not. All religious leaders contacted accepted the use of mesh derived from human tissue. All products, including those of porcine and bovine origin, were acceptable to all leaders contacted if the procedure was performed to save life. The highlighting of this issue should prompt earlier consideration and discussion in the surgical planning and the consenting process with all final decisions taken by both the surgeon and the individual patient.


Assuntos
Bioprótese/ética , Religião e Medicina , Telas Cirúrgicas/ética , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/etnologia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Islamismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Suínos , Reino Unido
13.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515399

RESUMO

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religião e Medicina , Espiritualidade
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 502-514, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102936

RESUMO

Este artigo volta-se para os processos simbólicos que, frente à iminência do adoecimento e da morte, fazem emergir no imaginário poderosas narrativas que se dinamizam em mitos. Elege, para isso, as imagens simbólicas sobre a lepra que circundam o mito do Papa-Figo ­ criatura fantástica, ele é representado por ricos e poderosos que, contaminados, fariam de tudo para recuperar sua saúde; inclusive consumir vísceras de crianças sequestradas. Em um percurso sincrônico e diacrônico, relacionamos relatos históricos e folclóricos com narrativas contemporâneas: vídeos de exploração à casa da 'viúva Papa-Figo'. Nesta leitura simbólica, exploramos a recorrência dos símbolos de sangue, fígado, poço, poder, dinheiro e de um Outro misterioso, mostrando que o medo da doença e suas consequências físicas e sociais nos movimentam arquetipicamente, despertando relações ancestrais que nos conectam com o plano da experiência humana.


This article is focused on the symbolic processes that, in the face of the imminence of illness and death, make powerful narratives emerge in the imaginary, which are symbolized by myths. For this purpose, we center on the symbolic images on leprosy that surround the Brazilian myth of the Papa-Figo - a fantastic creature represented by the rich and powerful people which were contaminated and would do anything to recover from the illness and back to their health; including consuming the entrails of kidnapped children. In a synchronic and diachronic journey, we related historical and folkloric reports to contemporary narratives: urban exploration videos exploring the abandoned house of the 'Papa-Figo widow'. In this symbolic reading, we explore the recurrence of symbols linked to blood, liver, well, power, money and the mysterious Other, showing that the fear of disease and its physical and social consequences move us archetypically, awakening ancestral relationships that connect us to the experience human level.


Este artículo se centra en los procesos simbólicos que, en vista de la inminencia de la enfermedad y de la muerte, hacen que surjan narrativas poderosas en el imaginario simbolizadas en mitos. Para este propósito, elegimos las imágenes simbólicas sobre la lepra que rodean el mito brasileño llamado Papa-Figo, una criatura fantástica representada por personas ricas y poderosas que, contaminadas con la enfermedad, harían cualquier cosa para recuperar su salud; incluyendo el consumo de las entrañas de niños secuestrados. En un camino sincrónico y diacrónico, relacionamos los relatos históricos y folclóricos con narrativas contemporáneas: vídeos de exploración urbana a la casa de la 'viuda Papa-Figo'. En esta lectura simbólica exploramos la recurrencia de símbolos vinculados a la sangre, al hígado, al pozo, al poder, al dinero y al Otro misterioso, mostrando que el miedo a la enfermedad y sus consecuencias físicas y sociales nos mueven arquetípicamente, despertando relaciones ancestrales por las cuales nos conectamos con el plano de la experiencia humana.


Assuntos
Humanos , Religião e Medicina , Sangue , Pandemias , Criaturas Lendárias , Hanseníase , Doença , Narração , Mídia Audiovisual , Mídias Sociais , Fígado
16.
Urologe A ; 59(5): 585-594, 2020 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-165356

RESUMO

The knowledge of hagiography and hagiotherapy still plays an important role in the history of science, especially when focusing on specific aspects of history. While knowledge about St. Liborius persists in urology, knowledge about patron saints for pandemics, especially those who were called upon to treat venereal diseases, has diminished due to the association with nonappropriate sexual behavior.


Assuntos
Pandemias/história , Santos/história , Urologia/história , Catolicismo/história , História Antiga , História Medieval , Medicina , Religião e Medicina
18.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 132(9-10): 223, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462502
19.
Urologe A ; 59(5): 585-594, 2020 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367176

RESUMO

The knowledge of hagiography and hagiotherapy still plays an important role in the history of science, especially when focusing on specific aspects of history. While knowledge about St. Liborius persists in urology, knowledge about patron saints for pandemics, especially those who were called upon to treat venereal diseases, has diminished due to the association with nonappropriate sexual behavior.


Assuntos
Pandemias/história , Santos/história , Urologia/história , Catolicismo/história , História Antiga , História Medieval , Medicina , Religião e Medicina
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