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1.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 51(2): 32939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123417

RESUMO

The construct of self-compassion is based on Buddhist's teachings on compassion towards oneself. This study provides criterion validity evidence for the Self-Compassion Scale ­ Brazil. A comparison on self-compassion in Buddhist and Catholic practitioners may contribute to support the Brazilian version of the scale, as well as shed light into religious differences on the matter. Participated in the study 59 Catholics and 59 Buddhists, all self-declared a religious practitioner. We administered a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Self-Compassion Scale ­ Brazil. Buddhist practitioners presented significantly higher score in self-compassion (M = 4.45, SD = .51) than Catholic practitioners (M = 2.98, SD = .63): t(116) = 13.78, p < .001 (d = 2.56). In addition, there was a significant positive correlation between frequency of religious practice and self-compassion (r = .39, p = .003). Future studies may investigate the relationship between self-compassion and neo-Pentecostal practitioners, which has been increasing in number in Brazil.


O construto de autocompaixão está baseado em ensinamentos budistas sobre a compaixão direcionada a si. Este estudo fornece evidência de validade de critério para a Escala de Autocompaixão ­ Brasil. Uma comparação da auto-compaixão em praticantes budistas e católicos contribui para apoiar a versão brasileira da escala, bem como sobre diferenças religiosas associadas ao tema. Participaram 59 católicos e 59 budistas, todos autodeclarados como praticantes de sua religião. Foi administrado um questionário sociodemográfico e a Escala de Autocompaixão ­ Brasil. Os praticantes budistas apresentaram escore significativamente maior em autocompaixão (M = 4.45, SD = .51) do que os católicos (M= 2.98, SD = .63): t(116) = 13.78, p < .001 (d = 2.56). Ademais, encontrou-se correlação positiva significativa entre frequência da prática religiosa e autocompaixão (r = .39, p = .003). Futuros estudos podem investigar a relação entre autocompaixão e praticantes de religiões neopentecostais, que vêm crescendo em número no Brasil.


El constructo de auto-compasión está basado en enseñanzas budistas sobre compasión direccionada a uno mismo. Este estudio tiene como finalidad aportar evidencia de validad de criterio para la Escala de Auto-compasión ­ Brasil. Una comparación del auto-compasión en practicantes budistas y católicos apoya la versión brasileña de la escala, así como evidencia diferencias religiosas en el tema. Participaron del estudio 59 católicos y 59 budistas, todos autodeclarados practicantes de su religión. Se administró una encuesta sociodemográfico y la Escala de Auto-compasión ­ Brasil. Los practicantes budistas presentaron puntuaciones más altas en auto-compasión (M = 4.45, SD = .51) que los católicos (M = 2.98, SD = .63): t(116) = 13.78, p < .001 (d = 2.56). Fue detectada correlación positiva entre frecuencia de práctica y auto-compasión (r = .39, p = .003). Futuros estudios pueden investigar la relación entre auto-compasión y practicantes de religiones neo-pentecostales, que crecen en número en Brasil.


Assuntos
Emoções , Religiosos , Budismo , Catolicismo
2.
BMC Palliat Care ; 18(1): 98, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spiritual care is an important aspect of palliative care. In the Netherlands, general practitioners and district nurses play a leading role in palliative care in the primary care setting. When they are unable to provide adequate spiritual care to their patient, they can refer to spiritual caregivers. This study aimed to provide an overview of the practice of spiritual caregivers in the primary care setting, and to investigate, from their own perspective, the reasons why spiritual caregivers are infrequently involved in palliative care and what is needed to improve this. METHOD: Sequential mixed methods consisting of an online questionnaire with structured and open questions completed by 31 spiritual caregivers, followed by an online focus group with 9 spiritual caregivers, analysed through open coding. RESULTS: Spiritual caregivers provide care for existential, relational and religious issues, and the emotions related to these issues. Aspects of spiritual care in practice include helping patients find meaning, acceptance or reconciliation, paying attention to the spiritual issues of relatives of the patient, and helping them all to say farewell. Besides spiritual issues, spiritual caregivers also discuss topics related to medical care with patients and relatives, such as treatment wishes and options. Spiritual caregivers also mentioned barriers and facilitators for the provision of spiritual care, such as communication with other healthcare providers, having a relationship of trust and structural funding.. In the online focus group, local multidisciplinary meetings were suggested as ideal opportunities to familiarize other healthcare providers with spirituality and promote spiritual caregivers' services. Also, structural funding for spiritual caregivers in the primary care setting should be organized. CONCLUSION: Spiritual caregivers provide broad spiritual care at the end of life, and discuss many different topics beside spiritual issues with patients in the palliative phase, supporting them when making medical end-of-life decisions. Spiritual care in the primary care setting may be improved by better cooperation between spiritual caregiver and other healthcare providers, through improved education in spiritual care and better promotion of spiritual caregivers' services.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Religiosos , Espiritualidade , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração
3.
Asclepio ; 71(1): 0-0, ene.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191051

RESUMO

Debido a su condición geoestratégica de retaguardia durante la Guerra Civil española, el País Valenciano se convirtió en una de las zonas republicanas que acogieron mayor número de refugiados, entre ellos muchos niños. El Estado republicano se mostró del todo incapaz de afrontar los retos derivados de esta crisis demográfica y sanitaria e hizo un llamamiento en busca de ayuda. Una de las primeras agencias humanitarias transnacionales en responder fue la Religious Society of Friends del Reino Unido, más conocidos como el Friends Service Committee o simplemente los Quakers, una comunidad religiosa disidente fundada en Inglaterra en el siglo XVII. Durante la Guerra Civil, los cuáqueros impulsaron numerosas iniciativas de carácter humanitario en los dos bandos enfrentados, habilitando colonias agrícolas, talleres, cantinas y hospitales. Este trabajo analiza en profundidad el hospital infantil que los Quakers habilitaron en Alicante en septiembre de 1937 y que posteriormente fue trasladado al municipio de Polop de la Marina. Nos centraremos en aspectos tales como la ubicación y administración del centro sanitario, el tipo de pacientes que allí se atendieron, el personal sanitario que allí trabajó, la evolución del hospital a lo largo de la guerra y su recorrido tras la victoria franquista, así como la motivación que impulsó a los voluntarios británicos a promover ese proyecto y a llevarlo a cabo. Asimismo, reconstruiremos la figura y la trayectoria de Manuel Blanc Rodríguez (1899-1971), un pediatra desconocido por la historiografía, que asumió la dirección de ese hospital británico


During the Spanish Civil War, the Valencian Country became one of the republican zones receiving greater number of refugees, due to its rearguard geostrategic condition. Among them there were many children. The Republican State was totally unable to face the challenges of this demographic and health crisis and appealed for help. The British Religious Society of Friends (also known as the Friends Service Committee or Quakers) was one of the first transnational humanitarian agencies to respond. They are a dissident religious community founded in England in the 17th century. During the Spanish Civil War, the Quakers encouraged many humanitarian initiatives on both sides in conflict, as agricultural colonies, workshops, canteens and hospitals. This paper analyzes in depth the children's hospital that the Quakers enabled in Alicante in September 1937, later transferred to the village of Polop de la Marina. We will focus on aspects such as the location and administration of the health center, the type of patients that were attended, the health personnel who worked, the evolution of the hospital throughout the war and what happened to it after the Francoist victory. We will also stress the motivation of the British volunteers to promote and carry out this project. Finally, we will reconstruct the career of Manuel Blanc Rodríguez (1899-1971), the pediatrician who assumed the management of that British hospital. His figure remains unknown by the historiographys


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres/história , Guerra/história , Refugiados/história , Criança Hospitalizada/história , Espanha , Hospitais/história , Religiosos/história , Hospitais Religiosos/história , Reestruturação Hospitalar/história
4.
Reprod Health ; 16(1): 53, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the minimal invasive tissue sampling (MITS) procedure has been developed to support determination of the cause of death as an alternate to conventional autopsy, especially in countries where complete diagnostic autopsy is not routine. To assess the feasibility of implementation of the MITS procedure for a study to determine cause of death in premature births and stillbirths in south Asia, we explored the views and perceptions of parents and religious leaders on the acceptability of MITS. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with parents of newborns who visited well-baby clinics of the NICH hospital for post-natal check-ups. Key-informant interviews (KIIs) were conducted with religious leaders. Data were analyzed using NVivo 10 software. RESULTS: A total of 13 interviews (FGDs = 8; KIIs = 5) were conducted. Three overarching themes were identified: (I) acceptability of MITS; (II) concerns affecting the implementation of MITS; and (III) religious and cultural perspectives. Participants' acceptance of MITS was based on personal, religious, cultural and social beliefs. Parents widely recognized the need for this procedure in cases where the couple had experienced multiple stillbirths, neonatal deaths and miscarriages. Counseling of parents was considered vital to address emotional concerns of the parents and the family. Religious leaders indicated acceptability of the MITS procedure from a religious perspective and advised that respect for the deceased and consent of the guardians is mandatory when performing MITS. CONCLUSIONS: This qualitative study provided a unique opportunity to understand the views of parents and religious leaders towards the use of MITS. Generally, MITS appears to be an acceptable method for identifying the cause of death in neonates and stillbirths, provided that the deceased is respected and buried as soon as possible without any delays and parents are counseled appropriately. Findings from this research are essential in approaching families for consent for MITS.


Assuntos
Autopsia/métodos , Causas de Morte , Pais/psicologia , Religiosos/psicologia , Natimorto , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
BMJ Open ; 9(4): e025078, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the reasons for the practice by the Muslim community, traditional practitioners and the views of religious scholars as well as the medicalisation trend of the practice of female genital cutting (FGC). DESIGN: This is a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) study. A questionnaire was created and used by three trained research assistants for the quantitative component of the study. The qualitative component of the study included in-depth interviews and focus group interviews. SETTING: This study was conducted in rural areas of two states in the Northern Peninsular Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: Due to the sensitive nature of the study, the study sample was chosen using a snowball sampling method. Two of the three Northern states Mufti's approached consented to participate in the study. RESULTS: Quantitative: There were 605 participants, most had undergone FGC (99.3%), were in the opinion FGC is compulsory in Islam (87.6%) and wanted FGC to continue (99.3%). Older respondents had FGC conducted by traditional midwives (X2=59.13, p<0.001) and younger age groups preferred medical doctors (X2=32.96, p<0.001) and would permit doctors (X2=29.17, p<0.001) to conduct FGC on their children. These findings suggest a medicalisation trend. Regression analysis showed the odds of FGC conducted by traditional midwives and nurses and trained midwives compared with medical doctors was 1.07 (1.05; 1.09) and 1.04 (1.01; 1.06), respectively. For every 1-year decrease in age, the odds of participants deciding medical doctors should perform FGC as compared with traditional midwives increase by 1.61.Qualitative: Focus group discussions showed most believed that FGC is compulsory in Islam but most traditional practitioners and the Mufti's stated that FGC is not compulsory in Islam. CONCLUSION: Almost everyone in the community believed FGC is compulsory in Islam and wanted the practice to continue, whereas the traditional practitioners and more importantly the Mufti's, who are responsible in issuing religious edicts, say it is not a religious requirement.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina/estatística & dados numéricos , Islamismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Circuncisão Feminina/ética , Circuncisão Feminina/psicologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Religiosos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 13(3): 640-646, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1015555

RESUMO

Objetivo: verificar os fatores de risco modificáveis para doenças crônicas não transmissíveis em sacerdotes católicos. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal, realizado com 47 sacerdotes católicos, com utilização de um questionário, realizada a análise estatística descritiva e inferencial e os resultados apresentados em tabelas. Resultados: verificou-se que os participantes apresentaram média de 44,21 anos de idade, em sua maioria de raça branca, com bom estado de saúde referido e alguns possuíam doenças crônicas. Consumiam alimentos protetores (feijão, frutas, verduras e legumes) em quantidade insuficiente, e pequenas quantidades de alimentos prejudiciais (carne com gordura ou frango com pele, refrigerantes e doces). Não usavam protetor solar. Praticavam atividade física, não fumavam e pouco consumiam álcool. Possuir doença crônica esteve associado significativamente ao etilismo, consumo de feijão, frutas, verduras e legumes. Ainda, o consumo de doces esteve associado ao peso, e o uso de protetor solar à percepção do estado de saúde. Conclusão: identificaram-se fatores de risco modificáveis nos participantes investigados. Portanto, mostram-se como uma população suscetível e faz-se necessária uma maior atenção da enfermagem para a prevenção de agravos.(AU)


Objective: to verify the modifiable risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in Catholic priests. Method: a quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted with 47 Catholic priests with the use of a questionnaire, carried out descriptive and inferential statistical analysis, and the results presented in tables. Results: found that the participants were in an average age of 44.21, of the white race, with good health status referred to and some had chronic diseases. Ingesting protective foods (beans, fruits and vegetables) in insufficient quantity and small quantities of harmful foods (meat with fat or chicken with skin, soft drinks and sweets). Did not use sunscreen. Practiced physical activity, not smoked and few drank alcohol. Have chronic disease was significantly associated to alcoholism, consumption of beans, fruits and vegetables. The consumption of sweets was associated to the weight, and the use of sunscreen to the perception of health status. Conclusion: there were identified modifiable risk factors in the participants. Therefore, show as a susceptible population and it is necessary a greater attention from nursing for disease prevention.(AU)


Objetivo: verificar los factores de riesgo modificables para las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en los sacerdotes católicos. Método: un estudio cuantitativo y transversal realizado con 47 sacerdotes católicos con el uso de un cuestionario. Realizó se un análisis estadístico descriptivo e inferencial, los resultados se presentaron en tablas. Resultados: se encontró que los participantes tenían una media de 44.21 años, de la raza blanca, con buen estado de salud y algunos tenían enfermedades crónicas. Ingerir los alimentos protectores (frijoles, frutas, verduras y legumbres) en cantidad insuficiente, y pequeñas cantidades de alimentos nocivos (carne con grasa o el pollo con piel, refrescos y dulces). No uso de bloqueador solar. Practica de actividad física, no fumaban y pocos bebían alcohol. Tener enfermedad crónica fue asociado con el alcoholismo, el consumo de frijoles, frutas, verduras y legumbres. Sin embargo, el consumo de golosinas se asoció con el peso, y el uso de protector solar con el estado de salud. Conclusiones: identificaron los factores de riesgo modificables en los participantes. Por lo tanto, muéstrense como una población vulnerable y es necesario una mayor atención de enfermería para la prevención de enfermedades.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Catolicismo , Doença Crônica , Fatores de Risco , Clero , Religiosos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Equipe de Enfermagem
7.
Women Health ; 59(8): 854-866, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786839

RESUMO

This study aimed to understand the position of religious leaders toward female genital cutting (FGC) and their perspectives on the relationship between the Islamic religion and FGC. In-depth interviews were conducted with 29 religious leaders in Erbil governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan region from June 2016 to May 2017 using a semi-structured interview guide. Most interviewees supported the continuation of FGC or thought that it should be at least permissible. Religious requirement and reducing the sexual activity of girls and women were the primary reasons for supporting FGC. The religious leaders disagreed about whether Islam requires, encourages, permits, or discourages the practice. The religious leaders generally agreed that most of the Islamic religious scripts about FGC are weak, and no clear and strong hadiths encourage FGC. However, they believed that some hadiths suggest that Islam requires FGC and that no hadiths prohibit FGC. The absence of open opposition to FGC in a context in which legislation has banned this practice was notable. The position of many religious leaders toward FGC is potentially shaped by the cultural interest in feminine chastity and virginity. Religious leaders need to explore different Islamic law schools and consider the religious disagreement and medical evidence about FGC.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina , Islamismo , Religiosos/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Características Culturais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Iraque , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Religião e Medicina , Comportamento Sexual
8.
AIDS Behav ; 23(1): 76-90, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30121728

RESUMO

The updated National HIV/AIDS Strategy recommends widespread HIV education and testing and calls the faith community to assist in these efforts. Yet, limited information exist on church-based HIV testing interventions. This study examined feasibility and assessed HIV testing outcomes of Taking It to the Pews (TIPS), a multilevel HIV education and testing intervention. Four African American churches were matched and randomized to TIPS or a standard-information control arm. Intervention churches delivered the religiously-tailored TIPS Tool Kit, which included educational materials to individuals and ministry groups; pastoral activities (e.g., sermons preached, receipt of HIV testing role-modeled), responsive readings, and church bulletin inserts in church services; and HIV testing during church services and church outreach events. All churches delivered 2-3 tools/month and coordinated 3 HIV testing events. At 12 months, significant increases in receipt of HIV testing (59% vs. 42%, p = 0.008), and particularly church-based testing (54% vs. 15%, p < 0.001), relative to controls were found. TIPS has great potential to increase reach, feasibility, and impact of HIV testing in African American churches.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Promoção da Saúde , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Religião , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Religiosos , Testes Sorológicos , Estigma Social , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 36: e0084, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042239

RESUMO

This paper analyzes whether Brazil is experiencing a religious secularization process using data from Brazil Religion Survey conducted in 2007. Models of discrete choice are estimated to understand which individual attributes affect disaffiliation, disbelief and lack of religious practice, therefore confirming or disproving secularism hypotheses. Estimations confirm some hypotheses of the theory, for example, that having liberal opinions concerning moral and social issues is positively associated with secularism, and that lower income levels result in lower chances of disaffiliation. In addition, the profile of non-religious people, non-believers and those who do not practice religion is similar. Therefore, it is possible to affirm that there is secularization in Brazil.


Este trabalho analisa se o Brasil está passando por um processo de secularização, utilizando dados da Pesquisa sobre Religião no Brasil, conduzida em 2007. Modelos de escolha discreta foram estimados para entender quais atributos dos indivíduos afetam a desfiliação, descrença e ausência de prática religiosa, para confirmar ou refutar as hipóteses do secularismo. A estimação confirmou algumas hipóteses da teoria. Por exemplo, ter uma opinião liberal acerca de assuntos morais e sociais está positivamente associado com secularismo, enquanto níveis mais baixos de renda incorrem em menores chances de desfiliação. Além disso, o perfil dos desfiliados, descrentes e não praticantes é semelhante. Portanto, é possível afirmar que existe secularização no Brasil.


Este trabajo analiza si Brasil está pasando por un proceso de secularización, para lo cual utiliza datos de la Investigación sobre Religión en Brasil, desarrollada en 2007. Modelos de elección discreta fueron estimados para entender qué atributos de los individuos afectan la desafiliación, la incredulidad y la ausencia de prácticas religiosas, para confirmar o refutar las hipótesis del secularismo. La estimación confirmó algunas hipótesis de la teoría. Por ejemplo, tener una opinión liberal acerca de asuntos morales y sociales está positivamente asociado con el secularismo, mientras que ingresos más bajos implican menores posibilidades de desafiliación. Además, el perfil de los desafiliados, no creyentes y no practicantes es similar. Por lo tanto, es posible afirmar que existe secularización en Brasil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Urbanização , Brasil , Censos , Secularismo , Religiosos , Religião , Comportamento Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Características da População , Espiritualidade
11.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 64(s1): S161-S189, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29865057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Religious Orders Study and Rush Memory and Aging Project are both ongoing longitudinal clinical-pathologic cohort studies of aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVES: To summarize progress over the past five years and its implications for understanding neurodegenerative diseases. METHODS: Participants in both studies are older adults who enroll without dementia and agree to detailed longitudinal clinical evaluations and organ donation. The last review summarized findings through the end of 2011. Here we summarize progress and study findings over the past five years and discuss new directions for how these studies can inform on aging and AD in the future. RESULTS: We summarize 1) findings on the relation of neurobiology to clinical AD; 2) neurobiologic pathways linking risk factors to clinical AD; 3) non-cognitive AD phenotypes including motor function and decision making; 4) the development of a novel drug discovery platform. CONCLUSION: Complexity at multiple levels needs to be understood and overcome to develop effective treatments and preventions for cognitive decline and AD dementia.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Memória , Envelhecimento/genética , Envelhecimento/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Humanos , Religiosos , Estados Unidos
12.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 98(6): 1653-1660, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29663902

RESUMO

This study was conducted to explore the experiences of community members, particularly mothers, concerning their beliefs about the causes, treatment practices, and preferences for World Health Organization-defined neonatal danger signs in northwest Ethiopia. A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted in three districts of north Gondar Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia, from March 10 to 28, 2016. Twelve focus group discussions were conducted involving 98 individuals. In-depth interviews were conducted with six health extension workers and 30 women who were either pregnant or who delivered in the past 6 months. Six subthemes emerged explaining the causes of neonatal danger signs. The causes varied from danger sign to danger sign and from person to person. Most of the perceived causes of danger signs in neonates do not align with the current biomedical science. Causal assumptions and perceived seriousness of danger signs influenced treatment practices and preferences. Four subthemes also emerged for treatment practices and preferences. In some cases, respondents indicated that non-biomedical sources of treatment were superior in outcome compared with biomedical treatment options. Unsatisfactory outcomes were mentioned as major reasons to opt for treatments from non-biomedical sources. Religious and cultural reasons were reported to be major impediments for treatment seeking for newborn danger signs. There is an urgent need to introduce or expand locally modified program interventions, such as community-based newborn care, to educate the community on the causes of neonatal danger signs and the need for prompt care seeking from qualified providers.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Olho/patologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Grupos Focais , Manobra Psicológica , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Recém-Nascido , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães , Gravidez , Religiosos , Transtornos Respiratórios/etiologia , Convulsões/etiologia , Cônjuges , Luz Solar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação em Fita , Tonsilite/complicações , Cordão Umbilical/patologia , Úvula/patologia , Vento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Reprod Health ; 15(1): 44, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29514701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Religious leaders are one of the key actors in the issue of female genital cutting (FGC) due to the influential position they have in the community and the frequent association of FGC with the religion. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and perspectives of the local religious leaders in Erbil governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan Region about different aspects of FGC. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a sample of 29 local religious leaders. A semi-structured questionnaire was used that included questions about their knowledge, understanding, and perspectives on different aspects of FGC such as the reasons for practicing it, their contact and communication with the community regarding the practice and perspectives about banning the practice by law. RESULTS: Participants believed that FGC is useful for reducing or regulating the sexual desire of women to prevent adultery and engagement in pre and extramarital sexual relations and to enhance hygiene of women. They indicated that there is no any risk in doing FGC if there is no excessive cut. Most participants indicated that FGC is attributed to the religion and some considered it a tradition mixed with the religion. People rarely ask the advice of the religious leaders regarding FGC, but they frequently complain about the effects of the practice. Participants did not support having a law to ban FGC either because they thought it would be against the religion's advice on FGC or it will not work. CONCLUSIONS: The local religious leaders lack adequate knowledge about different aspects of FGC particularly the health consequences. There are different and disputing viewpoints about the reasons for practicing FGC, and there is poor support for having a law banning the practice. There is an essential need for enhancing the knowledge of the local religious leaders regarding FGC and its adverse effects on the women's health.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Feminina/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Religiosos/psicologia , Circuncisão Feminina/educação , Circuncisão Feminina/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Humanos , Iraque , Masculino , Religiosos/educação , Comportamento Sexual
14.
Cult. cuid ; 21(49): 81-90, sept.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-170902

RESUMO

A lo largo de la evolución de la profesión enfermera, se han llevado a cabo cuidados en diversos escenarios y se han utilizado diversos materiales para proporcionar cuidados. El mundo material de los cuidados de enfermería está formado por una amplia variedad de instrumentos que dan soporte a esos cuidados, facilitando la labor de enfermería. Por ello, es importante conocer los elementos que utilizaron nuestros predecesores en la práctica enfermera y sus características más relevantes. Objetivos: En este trabajo se pretende analizar la situación del mundo material a lo largo de la historia de enfermería comprendida entre los siglos XVIII y XX, con el fin de recopilar información y exponer una visión actualizada de qué instrumentos se utilizaban y cómo se llevaba a cabo el cuidado. Metodología: se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica con el fin de encontrar y utilizar información disponible acerca del mundo material a lo largo de la historia de enfermería. También se ha procedido al análisis de diversos manuales para entender el cuidado proporcionado en esos siglos Resultados principales: los movimientos tecnológicos, científicos y sociales a los largo de los siglos XVII, y sobre todo XIX y XX, han producido diversas modificaciones en el mundo material y en el escenario de cuidados en la profesión enfermera Conclusión principal: El análisis de los medios y objetos utilizados en el cuidado, permite trazar una visión general acerca de la evolución del rol de los profesionales de enfermería. El mundo material de los cuidados se ha construido y enriquecido gracias a las diferentes figuras que se han dedicado a cuidar y a los objetos que han formado parte de ese cuidado (AU)


Introdução: Ao longo da evolução da profissão de enfermagem , levaram a cabo vários cenários de cuidado e ter usado vários mate-riais para prestar cuidados. O mundo material dos cuidados de enfermagem é composto por uma grande variedade de instrumentos que suportam tais cuidados , facilitando o trabalho de enfermagem. Por isso, é importante conhecer os elementos que nossos antecessores utilizados na prática de enfermagem e suas características mais importantes. Objetivos: Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a situação do mundo material em toda a história da enfermagem entre os séculos XVIII e XX, a fim de recolher informações e apresentar uma versão atualizada do que a visão instrumentos foram utilizados e como eles carregavam cuidados fora. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura a fim de encontrar e utilizar a informação disponível sobre o mundo material em toda a história da enfermagem. Também foi realizada a análise de vários manual para compreender os cuidados prestados nesses séculos. Principais resultados: movimentos tecnológicos, desafios científicos e sociais em todo o XVII e séculos, especialmente XIX e XX, houve várias mudanças no mundo material e o estágio de cuidados na profissão de enfermagem. A principal conclusão: A análise dos meios de comunicação e objetos usados no cuidado, permite desenhar um panorama da evolução do papel da enfermagem. O mundo material dos cuidados foi construída e enriquecida pelas várias figuras que se dedicaram a cuidar e objetos que fizeram parte desse cuidado (AU)


Throughout the evolution of the nursing profession , have carried out various scenarios care and have used various materials to provide care. The material world of nursing care consists of a wide variety of instruments that sup-port such care , facilitating the work of nursing. It is therefore important to know the elements that our predecessors used in nursing practice and its most important features Objective: It aims to analyze the situation of the material world throughout history including nursing between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, in order to gather infor-mation and present an updated version of what instruments vision were used and how it is carried out carefully. Methods: It has done a literature review in order to find and use information available about the material world throughout the history of nursing . It has also been carried out the analysis of various manual to understand the care provided in those centuries Results: technological, scientific and social challenges throughout the seventeenth movements, and especially nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there have been several changes in the material world and the stage of care in the nursing profession Conclusions: he analysis of media and objects used in the care, allows you to draw an overview of the evolving role of nurses . The material world of care has been built and enriched by the various figures who have dedicat-ed themselves to caring and objects that have been part of that care (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XVII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , História da Enfermagem , Equipamentos e Provisões/história , Serviço Hospitalar de Enfermagem/história , Desenvolvimento Tecnológico/história , Freiras , Religiosos/história
15.
Distúrb. comun ; 29(4): 692-701, dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-882277

RESUMO

Objetivo: verificar a associação entre a qualidade da voz e queixa vocal com as variáveis, gênero, idade, tempo de ministério, horas de trabalho, parâmetros vocais e autopercepção vocal em pastores evangélicos. Método: estudo descritivo, analítico de delineamento transversal. Amostra de 52 religiosos, entre 20 a 69 anos; 38 homens e 14 mulheres, média de 8 horas de trabalho, entre 1 a 32 anos de ministério. Foram incluídos pastores ou pastoras, entre 20 a 69 anos, em exercício ministerial e excluídos pastores gagos ou que estivessem resfriados. Procedimentos: gravação das vozes dos participantes, com a emissão da vogal sustentada /a/, dos dias da semana e a leitura de um trecho aleatório do livro de salmos da Bíblia Sagrada. Em seguida, três fonoaudiólogas especialistas em voz, e por consenso, realizaram análise perceptivo auditiva da voz. Houve também aplicação de um questionário com identificação dos dados sociodemográficos e autopercepção da voz e de aspectos da fala em público. Foi realizada análise descritiva dos dados e os testes de associação Qui Quadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher. O nível de significância adotado foi de p≤0,05 (5%). Resultados: a qualidade vocal foi avaliada como alterada em 47,2% da amostra, com grau de alteração leve 41,5%. Os demais parâmetros vocais pitch, articulação, loudness, ressonância, velocidade de fala foram considerados adequados na maioria da amostra. 78,85% dos pastores mostrou uma boa autopercepção da fala em público, 52% autoperceberam a voz como razoável e a maioria, 76,9%, relatou queixas vocais de cansaço e rouquidão após o uso da voz; quase todos os pastores (92,5%) disseram que são capazes de manter a atenção e influenciar o ouvinte ao falar em público. Houve associação das queixas vocais com o gênero masculino (p<0,001), faixa etária de 39 a 58 anos (p<0,001) e com profissionais que utilizavam a voz de 5 a 8 horas por dia (p<0,001). As demais variáveis não se associaram com as queixas. Houve associação da qualidade vocal alterada (p<0,034) com a faixa etária de 39 a 58 anos, grau de alteração vocal leve (p<0,001) com a ressonância alterada (p<0,001), pitch (p <0,003) e autopercepção da fala em público (p<0,001) adequados. Conclusão: a maioria dos pastores evangélicos apresenta relato de queixas vocais de cansaço vocal e rouquidão após o uso da voz profissional, mais incidente no sexo masculino, entre 39 a 58 anos, nos pastores que usam a voz de 5 a 8 horas por dia. Quase metade deles apresenta qualidade de voz alterada, associada a esta mesma faixa etária, com alteração da ressonância. Pitch e autopercepção da fala em público adequados.


Objective: verify the association between vocal quality and vocal complaint with variables, gender, age, ministry time, working hours, vocal parameters and vocal self-perception in evangelical pastors. Method: descriptive, analytical study of cross - sectional design. Sample of 52 religious, aged 20 to 69 years; 38 men and 14 women, average of 8 hours of work, between 1 and 32 years of ministry. Pastors were included, between 20 and 69 years in ministerial exercise and excluded stutterers or those who had a cold. Procedures: recording the voices of the participants, with the sustained vowel / a /, the days of the week and the reading of a random excerpt from the book of psalms of the Holy Bible. Then three speech therapists, specialists in voice and by consensus performed auditory perceptive analysis of the voice. There was also a questionnaire with identification of sociodemographic data and self-perception of the voice and aspects of speech in public. Descriptive data analysis and the Pearson Qui Quadrado and Fisher Exact association tests were performed. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05 (5%). Results: vocal quality was assessed as altered in 47.2% of the sample, with slight alteration degree of 41.5%. The other vocal parameters pitch, articulation, loudness, resonance and speech velocity were considered adequate in most of the sample. 78.85% of the pastors showed a good self-perception of speech in public, 52% self-perceived the voice as reasonable and most 76.9% reported vocal complaints of tiredness and hoarseness after voice use, almost all pastors (92, 5%) said they are able to maintain attention and influence the listener when speaking in public. There was an association of vocal complaints with the male gender (p <0.001), age range of 39 to 58 years (p <0.001) and professionals using the voice from 5 to 8 hours per day (p <0.001). The other variables were not associated with the complaints. There was an association of altered vocal quality (p <0.034) with age ranging from 39 to 58 years, degree of mild vocal alteration (p <0.001) with altered resonance (p <0.001), pitch (p <0.003) and self-perception of speech in public (p <0.001) adequate. Conclusion: most evangelical pastors report vocal complaints of vocal fatigue and hoarseness, after the use of professional voice, more incident in males, between 39 and 58 years, in pastors who use the voice from 5 to 8 hours a day . Almost half of them present altered voice quality, associated with this same age group, with altered resonance. Pitch and self-perception of speech in public adequate.


Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre la calidad de la voz y las quejas vocales contando con las variables, género, edad, ministerio de tiempo, horas de trabajo, los parámetros de voz y auto vocal - percepción de los pastores evangélicos. Método: diseño descriptivo, transversal analítico. Muestra 52 religiosa entre los 20 y los 69 años; 38 hombres y 14 mujeres, media de 8 horas de trabajo, entre 1 a 32 años de ministerio. Foram mensurados pastores e pastoras entre los 20 y los 69 años en ejercicio y pastores ministeriales, excluido os gagos o se lo enfriaron. Procedimientos: la grabación de las voces de los participantes, con el emisión de la vocal / a / sostenida, días de la semana y la lectura de un pasaje al azar del libro de los Salmos de la Biblia. En seguida tres fonoaudiólogas, expertos en la voz y en consenso realizaron un análisis perceptivo auditivo de la voz. También fue la aplicación de un cuestionario para identificar los datos sociodemográficos y la autopercepción de la voz y los aspectos del habla en público. El análisis descriptivo se realizó y los datos se asociación a prueba Pearson chi - prueba exacta cuadrado y Fisher. El nivel de significación se fijó en p ≤ 0,05 (5%). Resultados: la calidad vocal fue evaluada como alterada en el 47,2% de la muestra, con un grado de alteración leve del 41,5%. Los otros parámetros de tono vocal, articulación, sonoridad, resonancia, velocidad de la voz se consideran adecuados en la mayor parte de la muestra. 78.85% de los pastores mostraron una buena percepción del habla en el, 52% autoperceberam a voz pública como razonable y más del 76,9% de voz quejas reportadas de la fatiga y ronquera, después de que el uso de la voz, casi a los pastores ( 92,5%) dizeram que son capaces de mantener la atención e influir en el oyente al hablar en público. Hubo asociación de queja de vocês con el gênero malo (P <0,001), edad 39-58 años (p <0,001) y profesionales utilizan para la voz de 5 a 8 horas por día (p <0,001). Las otras variables no se asociaron con la quejas. Hubo una asociación de la calidad de voz modificada (p <0,034) en el grupo de edad 39-58 años grado alteración de la voz Light (p <0,001) con la resonancia alterada (p <0,001), tono (p <0,003), y la percepción pública de expresión (p <0,001) adecuados. Conclusión: La mayoría de los pastores evangélicos informa quejas vocales de fatiga vocal y ronquera, después de que el uso de la voz professional es más común en los hombres, entre 39 y 58 años, los pastores que usan sus voces 5-8 horas al día . Casi la mitad de ellos ha alterado la calidad de voz, asociado a este mismo grupo de edad, cambiando la resonancia. Tono y la percepción del habla en público adecuado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Religiosos , Percepção da Fala , Fonoaudiologia , Voz , Distúrbios da Voz
16.
Am J Community Psychol ; 60(3-4): 302-308, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027671

RESUMO

This is a story about learning how to navigate my social identities as a non-religious gay man attempting to conduct data-based consultation with a religious congregation. Beyond my own growth in knowing myself better, this story speaks to the larger ethical challenge of how we build trust in community relationships, and in particular how much of our personal selves we need to disclose in the process of an individual or group deciding to work with us. Individuals and groups make decisions to work with us based on who they perceive us to be; thus, what is our ethical obligation to disclose aspects of who we are to promote full informed consent? To illustrate this ethical challenge of personal disclosure, I tell the story of discussions I had with three different religious leaders and a congregational committee about potentially working together. Throughout these stories, I reflect on my own messy process of growth as a window into the more general question of how we navigate our identities and values as community psychologists in the work we do with communities.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Homossexualidade Masculina , Psicologia/ética , Religião , Autorrevelação , Cristianismo , Tomada de Decisões , Ética em Pesquisa , Humanos , Masculino , Religiosos , Identificação Social , Confiança
17.
BMC Int Health Hum Rights ; 17(1): 30, 2017 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29047415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relating to transgender women, a sensitive issue in a Muslim majority country, where Islam plays an influential role in society. Furthermore, there has been a paucity of research relating to how such issues relate to HIV prevention in transgender women in Malaysia. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the attitudes of stakeholders involved in HIV prevention policy in Malaysia towards transgender women, given the Islamic context. METHODS: In-depth interviews were undertaken with stakeholders involved in HIV prevention, Ministry of Health, Religious Leaders and People Living with HIV, including transgender women. Thirty five participants were recruited using purposive sampling from June to December 2013 within Kuala Lumpur and surrounding vicinities. Interviews were in person, audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and used a framework analysis. RESULTS: Five central themes emerged from the qualitative data; Perceptions of Transgender women and their place in Society; Reaching out to Transgender Women; Islamic doctrine; 'Cure', 'Correction' and finally, Stigma and Discrimination. DISCUSSION: Islamic rulings about transgenderism were often the justification given by participants chastising transgender women, whilst there were also more progressive attitudes and room for debate. Pervasive negative attitudes and stigma and discrimination created a climate where transgender women often felt more comfortable with non-governmental organisations. CONCLUSION: The situation of transgender women in Malaysia and HIV prevention is a highly sensitive and challenging environment for all stakeholders, given the Muslim context and current legal system. Despite this apparent impasse, there are practically achievable areas that can be improved upon to optimise HIV prevention services and the environment for transgender women in Malaysia.


Assuntos
Atitude , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Política de Saúde , Islamismo , Discriminação Social , Estigma Social , Pessoas Transgênero , Cultura , Feminino , Órgãos Governamentais , Serviços de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Religiosos , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Participação dos Interessados , Inquéritos e Questionários , Populações Vulneráveis
18.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 10(1): 35-48, jun. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-883798

RESUMO

A pesquisa objetivou delinear as interrelações entre autoconsciência, afeto depressivo e religiosidade em seminaristas católicos, tomando como hipótese que o período de formação presbiteral reserva potencial impacto subjetivo em diversas esferas da vida psíquica, tanto cognitiva quanto afetiva, dos sujeitos, aproximando-os de riscos psicopatológicos. Participaram do estudo 50 seminaristas, os quais responderam a Questionário Sociodemográfico e instrumentos psicométricos: Escala de Autoconsciência Situacional, Escala de Rastreamento Populacional para Depressão (CES-D) e Escala de Religiosidade Global. Os dados foram analisados através de Análise da Estrutura de Similaridade, procedimentos da Psicometria e coeficiente de correlação de Pearson, evidenciando que o afeto negativo se interrelaciona com autorreflexão e ruminação e, também, que há uma tendência de decaimento da religiosidade ao longo da formação presbiteral ­ embora cursando com aproximação às formas reflexivas de autofoco no final do período formativo ­, o que indica a necessidade de ajustes das agências formativas na preparação para o sacerdócio


The present study aimed to delineate the interrelationships between self-awareness, depressive affect and religiosity in Catholic seminarians, on the assumption that the period of priestly formation reserves potential subjective impact on various spheres of the mental life, both cognitive and affective, of the subjects, approaching them of psychopathological risks. Fifty Catholic seminarians participated in the study and responded to a Sociodemographic Questionnaire and psychometric instruments: Situational Self-focus Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Global Religiosity Scale. Data were analyzed using Similarity Structure Analysis, psychometric procedures and Pearson correlation coefficient, showing that negative affect interrelates with self-reflection and rumination, as well as a trend of decline of religiosity along of priestly formation, although approaching to self-reflection occurs at the end of the formative period, indicating the need for training agencies to adjust the preparation for priesthood


Assuntos
Consciência , Depressão , Religião , Religiosos
19.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 17(1): 46-55, ene.-abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-159373

RESUMO

Background/Objective: Emotional intelligence is a variable which has been the subject of significantly increased research in recent years. Relationships have been shown with both physical and psychological problems. The aim of this study is to analyse the direct and indirect effect that emotional intelligence exerts over the manifestation of physical and psychological clinical symptomatology and to severe disorders such as burnout syndrome in a professional group in which social function is fundamental. Method: So that, 881 Latin-American catholic priests (M age = 45.89; SD age = 11.58) were evaluated using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-22 and the General Health Questionnaire-28. Results: Using path analysis, emotional intelligence, especially Attention and Emotional Clarity, shows a high effect on psychological and somatic issues. Conclusions: Thus, both specific disorders and general wellbeing are related to emotional intelligence. Providing effective emotional intelligence training sessions seems to be able to reduce possible physical and emotional disorders (AU)


Antecedentes/Objetivo: La inteligencia emocional es una variable que ha sido objeto de un incremento notable de investigación a lo largo de los últimos años. La inteligencia emocional ha mostrado numerosas relaciones con múltiples variables psicológicas, destacando su conexión con diversos trastornos físicos y psicológicos. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar los efectos directos e indirectos que la inteligencia emocional ejerce sobre la manifestación de sintomatología somática y psicológica, así como sobre el desarrollo de trastornos como el síndrome de burnout en un grupo de profesionales cuya labor social resulta esencial. Método: Se aplicaron las escalas Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24, Maslach Burnout Inventory-22 y General Health Questionnaire-28 a un total de 881 sacerdotes católicos latinoamericanos (M edad = 45,89; DT edad = 11,58). Resultados: Mediante path analysis se muestra el efecto que la inteligencia emocional, especialmente la atención y claridad emocional, ejerce sobre las alteraciones somáticas y psicológicas. Conclusiones: Tanto los trastornos específicos como el bienestar general presentan una relación clara con la inteligencia emocional. Proporcionar programas formativos efectivos que desarrollen la inteligencia emocional podría reducir la aparición de trastornos físicos y emocionales (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Inteligência Emocional , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Clero/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Religiosos/psicologia , Religião
20.
Cult. cuid ; 21(47): 99-109, ene.-abr. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-163344

RESUMO

Los objetivos del estudio fueron realizar una descripción del hospital municipal y de las obras acometidas, exponer las condiciones del convenio entre el Ayuntamiento y las religiosas y describir los cambios que se producen durante 1894. Se ha realizado un estudio histórico-documental durante los años 2014-2015 de los legajos depositados en el Archivo Municipal de Trujillo. El Hospital de la ciudad de Trujillo estaba destinado a la atención de ciudadanos, militares y transeúntes enfermos. La atención a los enfermos fue realizada por las Hermanas Amantes de Jesús y María Inmaculada desde el año 1890. En la labor asistencial, las religiosas fueron ayudadas por una enfermera y un enfermero contratados por el Ayuntamiento. Durante 1894 se produjeron una serie de cambios, promovidos por la Corporación Local de la ciudad, que provocaron que las religiosas cesaran su labor asistencial. Estos cambios se vieron motivados por las quejas recibidas por los enfermos ingresados y por lo costoso que la atención resultaba para el Ayuntamiento. El cese de las hermanas llevaría a que el Ayuntamiento tuviera la necesidad de estudiar una nueva organización a nivel de régimen y administración (AU)


O alvo de este estudo foi a descrição do hospital e das obras de remodelação do mesmo, assim como expor as condições do contrato entre as religiosas e a Câmara. Descrevem-se também as alterações producidas durante 1894. Em 2014 e 2015 realizou-se un trabalho de investigação dos documentos depositados no Arquivo Municipal da cidade de Trujillo. O Hospital Municipal da cidade de Trujillo, estava destinado ao atendimento de cidadãos, militares e transeuntes doentes. O tratamento dos doentes foi realizado pelas Irmãs Amantes de Jesus e Maria Imaculada desde o ano 1890. Para dar assistência às irmãs seriam contratados uma enfermeira e um enfermeiro, pagos pela Câmara Municipal. Durante 1894 a Câmara Municipal efetuou uma série de alterações que produziram a cessação da tarefa assistencial das raligiosas. Esatas alterações foram originadas pelas queixas de alguns dos doentes e pelas elevadas despesas que a Câmara Municipal tinha que pagar pela manutenção do hospital. Com a cessação da atividadde das irmãs a Câmara começou a estudar uma nova organização do regime e da administração da instituição (AU)


The objectives were to make a description of the hospital and the works undertaken, exposing the conditions of the agreement between the city and religious and describe changes that occur during 1894. There has been a historical documentary study during the years 2014-2015 of the files deposited in the Municipal Archives of Trujillo. The Municipal Hospital in the city of Trujillo, was destined to service citizens, sick soldiers and bystanders. The Sisters Lovers of Jesus and Mary Immaculate performed treatment of patients since the year 1890. To assist the sisters would be hired a nurse and a nurse, paid by the city. During 1894 the City Council performed changes that produced the cessation of the assistance service of religious. The changes originated by the complaints of some patients and the high costs that the City Council had to pay for hospital maintenance. With the cessation, the religious began to study a new organization of the regime and the management of the institution (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , História da Enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Religiosos/história , Hospitais Municipais/história , Serviços Contratados/história
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