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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 859-862, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970008

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to delineate optimal age to perform unilateral or bilateral cleft lip repair in premature patients. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric data set was queried for unilateral and bilateral cleft lip repairs performed between 2012 and 2017. Complications, readmissions, and reoperations were analyzed in the context of prematurity with appropriate statistics. Degree of prematurity was significantly associated with adverse events (p = 0.001, rs = 0.44). Premature patients with unilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 150 days of age [OR, 18.1; p = 0.004; before cutoff, n = 10 of 140 (7.1 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 112 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. Premature patients with bilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 175 days of age (OR, 16.1; p = 0.010; before cutoff, n = 7 of 33 (21.2 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 28 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Risk, II.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22284, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation methods are commonly used to treat displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. However, the differences between these 2 methods are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EBM reviews, and Ovid Medline online for studies related to comparison of plate fixation versus intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture from inception to June 30, 2019. Relevant literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed by 2 researchers independently. The methodological quality of all included studies was appraised using the Cochrane system for randomized trials. The RevMan 5.2 software was used for heterogeneity assessment, generating funnel-plots, data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, and determining publication bias. The fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate mean difference (MD)/relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 839 patients from 12 randomized controlled trials. We found that compared to plate fixation, intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation yielded a higher shoulder constant score [MD = -2.43, 95% CI (-3.46 to -1.41), P < .00001] and lower disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score [MD = 2.98, 95% CI (0.16-5.81), P = .04], and lower infection rates [RR = 2.05, 95% CI (1.36-3.09), P = .003], operation time [MD = 20.20, 95% CI (10.80-29.60), P < .0001], incision size [MD = 6.09, 95% CI (4.54-7.65), P < .00001], and hospital stay [MD = 1.10, 95% CI (0.56-1.64), P < .00001] but with a higher removal rate [RR = 0.52, 95% CI (0.41-0.65), P < .00001] compared to plate fixation. There were no significant differences in nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture between these two methods. The limitation is that many studies did not demonstrate the random generated details, and only English articles were enrolled in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation might be an optimum choice for treating displaced midshaft clavicle fractures, with similar performance in terms of the nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture, and better shoulder constant and DASH scores, infection rates, and operative parameters.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Clavícula/patologia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Adulto , Pinos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas Ósseas/classificação , Fraturas não Consolidadas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ferida Cirúrgica/classificação , Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
3.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0232911, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941429

RESUMO

Peer-reviewed published studies on tibial plateau fractures treated with either open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) or circular external fixation were reviewed to compare functional, radiological outcomes, postoperative complications, and reoperation rates between the two methods. A systematic search of various databases including Medline, Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials (CENTRAL), ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar from inception until June 2019 was performed. 17 studies with 1168 participants were included in the review. Most of the studies (76%) were retrospective in nature and had low or unclear bias risks. Incidence of total infection (Odds ratio [OR], 2.58; 95% CI, 1.33-5.02) and malunions (OR, 2.56; 95% CI, 1.12-5.84) were higher and length of hospital stay was shorter in patients treated with circular external fixator (Mean difference [MD], -6.1; 95% CI, -11.1--1.19). There were no differences in the incidence of secondary osteoarthritis (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 0.92-2.42), range of motion (MD, 2.28; 95% CI, -11.27-15.82) non-union (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 0.14-14.27) and reoperation rates (OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 0.90-3.78) between the two groups. Results from this investigation suggest that circular fixation may offer some advantages over ORIF such as a shortened length of hospital stay and early return to preinjury activities. Definitive clinical recommendations cannot be made as it also presents higher rates of postoperative complications than ORIF.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Fixadores Externos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fixação de Fratura/instrumentação , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas da Tíbia/terapia
4.
Am Heart J ; 228: 91-97, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal role of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes following CABG among patients who received a radial artery graft. METHODS: Patients in the angiographic cohort of the PREVENT-IV trial were stratified based upon having received a radial artery graft or not during CABG. Baseline characteristics and 1-year angiographic and 5-year clinical outcomes were compared between patients. RESULTS: Of 1,923 patients in the angiographic cohort of PREVENT-IV, 117 received a radial artery graft. These patients had longer surgical procedures (median 253 vs 228 minutes, P < .001) and had a greater number of grafts placed (P < .0001). Radial artery grafts had a graft-level failure rate of 23.0%, which was similar to vein grafts (25.2%) and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts (8.3%). The hazard of the composite clinical outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization was similar for both cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 0.896, 95% CI 0.609-1.319, P = .58). Radial graft failure rates were higher when used to bypass moderately stenotic lesions (<75% stenosis, 37% failure) compared with severely stenotic lesions (≥75% stenosis, 15% failure). CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery grafts had early failure rates comparable to saphenous vein and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts. Use of a radial graft was not associated with a different rate of death, myocardial infarction, or postoperative revascularization. Despite the significant potential for residual confounding associated with post hoc observational analyses of clinical trial data, these findings suggest that when clinical circumstances permit, the radial artery is an acceptable alternative to saphenous vein and should be used to bypass severely stenotic target vessels.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Artéria Radial/transplante , Reoperação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Am Heart J ; 228: 109-115, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients aged ≥80 years are often treated with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but data from randomized studies are scarce owing to underrepresentation in most trials. We assessed 1-year clinical outcome of octogenarians treated with new-generation DES versus younger patients. METHODS: We pooled patient-level data of 9,204 participants in the TWENTE, DUTCH PEERS, BIO-RESORT, and BIONYX (TWENTE I-IV) randomized trials. The main clinical end point was target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically indicated target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: The 671 octogenarian trial participants had significantly more comorbidities. TVF was higher in octogenarians than in 8,533 patients <80 years (7.3% vs 5.3%, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.0-1.83, P = .04). The cardiac death rate was higher in octogenarians (3.9% vs 0.8%, P < .001). There was no significant between-group difference in target vessel MI (2.3% vs 2.3%, P = .88) and repeat target vessel revascularization (1.9% vs 2.8%, P = .16). In multivariate analyses, age ≥ 80 years showed no independent association with TVF (adjusted HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.76-1.42), whereas the risk of cardiac death remained higher in octogenarians (adjusted HR: 3.38, 95% CI: 2.07-5.52, P < .001). In 6,002 trial participants, in whom data on major bleeding were recorded, octogenarians (n = 459) showed a higher major bleeding risk (5.9% vs 1.9%; HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 2.01-4.74, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarian participants in 4 large-scale randomized DES trials had more comorbidities and a higher incidence of the main end point TVF. Cardiac mortality was higher in octogenarians, whereas there was no increase in MI or target vessel revascularization rates. Treatment of octogenarian patients with new-generation DES appears to be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/classificação , Everolimo/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(16): 661-670, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769721

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is well known that patients with diabetes mellitus experience higher complication rates after torsional ankle fracture; however, the functional consequences remain less clear. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of diabetes on complications, secondary operations, and functional outcomes after torsional ankle fracture. METHODS: Nine hundred seventy-nine adult patients treated surgically for a torsional ankle injury (Orthopaedic Trauma Association 44B, 44C) over 13 years were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic information, comorbidities, injury characteristics, complications, and secondary procedures were recorded. Patient-reported outcome surveys: Foot Function Index (FFI) and Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment were obtained after minimum of 12 months. Multivariable analysis was done to account for confounding variables. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-one patients (13.4%) had diabetes. Diabetic patients were older (56.4 versus 43.0 years, P < 0.001), with no difference in sex or race. Body mass index was higher among diabetics (36.0 versus 30.4, P < 0.001) as were most medical comorbidities, including stroke, neuropathy, pulmonary disease, and renal disease (all P < 0.03). There were no differences in rates of dislocations or open injuries. Diabetics experienced more complications (26.0% versus 14.6%, P = 0.001), specifically deep infections (6.9% versus 1.3%, P = 0.001), and had more secondary procedures (18.3% versus 9.1%, P = 0.001), including débridement, arthrodesis, and amputation (all P < 0.02). Diabetes was a significant independent predictor of worse FFI activity limitation scores (P = 0.032), but was not predictive of worse outcomes on any other subscore of the FFI or Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes was associated with more complications and secondary operations. However, functional outcomes including pain and dysfunction were not markedly affected by these clinical outcomes, potentially due to diminished sensory function and less baseline physical activity among diabetic patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic level III.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Complicações do Diabetes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(16): 671-677, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) are performed more commonly than total ankle arthroplasty (TAA), so patients and the orthopaedic community are more familiar with the likelihood of complications after THA and TKA than after TAA. The present study places early complication rates after TAA in the context of those after THA and TKA. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAA, THA, or TKA during 2006 to 2016 as part of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were identified. Multivariate regression was used to compare procedures with adjustment for baseline and anesthesia characteristics. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight thousand three hundred twenty-five patients underwent THA, 223,587 TKA, and 839 TAA. The total complication rate was lower for TAA (2.98%) compared with THA (4.92%, P = 0.011) and TKA (4.56%, P = 0.049). Similarly, the rate of blood transfusion was lower for TAA (0.48%) compared with THA (9.66%) and TKA (6.44%, P < 0.001 for each). The rate of additional surgery was lower for TAA compared with THA (0.48% versus 1.79%, P = 0.007). Finally, the rate of readmission was lower for TAA (1.45%) compared with THA (3.66%, P = 0.002) and TKA (3.40%, P = 0.005). DISCUSSION: Patients can be counseled that relative to THA and TKA, TAA is safer in the perioperative period, with lower rates of adverse events, blood transfusion, additional surgery, and hospital readmission.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança
8.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(16): 678-683, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769723

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of geriatric ankle fractures is rising. With the substantial variation in the physiologic and functional status within this age group, our null hypothesis was that mortality and complications of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) between patients who are aged 65 to 79 are equivalent to ORIF in patients who are aged 80 to 89. METHODS: Patients with ankle fracture were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. Patients treated with ORIF were identified using the Current Procedural Terminology codes. Patients were divided into two age cohorts: 65 to 79 years of age and 80 to 89 years of age. The primary outcome studied was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included 30-day readmission, revision surgery, surgical site infection, sepsis, wound dehiscence, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, blood transfusion, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, stroke, myocardial infarction, renal insufficiency or failure, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Our cohort included 2,353 ankle fractures: 1,877 were among 65 to 79 years of age and 476 were among 80 or older. Thirty-day mortality was 3.2-fold higher in the 80 to 89 years of age group compared with the 65 to 79 years of age group (1.47% versus 0.48%, P = 0.019). However, after controlling for the ASA class, 80 to 89 years of age patients no longer had a significantly higher mortality (P = 0.0647). Similarly, revision surgery rate (3.36% versus 1.81%, P = 0.036), transfusion requirement (2.94% versus 1.49%, P = 0.033), urinary tract infection (1.89% versus 0.75%, P = 0.023), and hospital length of stay (4.9 versus 2.9 days, P < 0.0001) were all significantly higher in the 80 to 90 years of age group compared with the 65 to 79 years old group. However, after controlling for the ASA class, 80 to 89 years old patients no longer had a rate of complications in comparison to the 65 to 79 years old age group. DISCUSSION: After controlling for comorbidities (ie, the ASA class), no increased risk is observed for the 30-day mortality or complication rate between geriatric ankle fracture in the 65 to 79 years old and the 80 to 99 years old age groups. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic level III, retrospective study.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/mortalidade , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/mortalidade , Redução Aberta/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fraturas do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
9.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 160(3): 757-771.e5, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear when sudden cardiac event risk outweighs surgical risk for patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery. The Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society sought to characterize the surgical risks by determining the techniques, complications, and outcomes of repair. METHODS: Between January 2000 and September 2018, 682 patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery aged 30 years or less were enrolled. Demographic, morphologic, operative, imaging, and ischemia-related data were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 395 of 682 (57%) surgical patients (45 centers, median follow-up 2.8 years). In addition to primary repair (87% unroofing, 26% commissural manipulation), 13 patients had 15 coronary-related reoperations. Of 358 patients with pre/postoperative aortic insufficiency assessment, 27 (8%) developed new mild or greater aortic insufficiency postoperatively, and 7 (2%) developed new moderate or greater aortic insufficiency. Freedom from mild aortic insufficiency differed in those with versus without commissural manipulation (85%/91% at 6 months, 83%/90% at 1 year, and 77%/88% at 3 years, respectively) (P = .05). Of 347 patients with preoperative/postoperative ejection fraction, 6 (2%) developed new abnormal ejection fraction (<50%) within 30 days of surgery which persisted. Although 64 of 395 patients (16%) had preoperative ischemia, after surgery 51 of 64 patients (80%) no longer had ischemia (13 = new postoperative ischemia, P < .0001). Four patients died postoperatively (preoperatively 2 asymptomatic, 1 symptomatic, 1 in extremis). Composite surgical adverse event rates were 7% to 13% in the entire cohort (increasing/decreasing by presentation/anatomy/repair strategy). CONCLUSIONS: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery surgery may relieve ischemia with low mortality; however, it can result in a variety of important morbidities, varying by the group evaluated. Strategies avoiding commissural manipulation may decrease the risk of developing aortic insufficiency. Understanding these risks should inform surgical decision-making and support the need for standardized assessment and management.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adolescente , Adulto , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1003-1009, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731818

RESUMO

AIMS: There is evidence that prior lumbar fusion increases the risk of dislocation and revision after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The relationship between prior lumbar fusion and the effect of femoral head diameter on THA dislocation has not been investigated. We examined the relationship between prior lumbar fusion or discectomy and the risk of dislocation or revision after THA. We also examined the effect of femoral head component diameter on the risk of dislocation or revision. METHODS: Data used in this study were compiled from several Finnish national health registers, including the Finnish Arthroplasty Register (FAR) which was the primary source for prosthesis-related data. Other registers used in this study included the Finnish Health Care Register (HILMO), the Social Insurance Institutions (SII) registers, and Statistics Finland. The study was conducted as a prospective retrospective cohort study. Cox proportional hazards regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used for analysis. RESULTS: Prior lumbar fusion surgery was associated with increased risk of prosthetic dislocation (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.393, p < 0.001) and revision (HR = 1.528, p < 0.001). Head components larger than 28 mm were associated with lower dislocation rates compared to the 28 mm head (32 mm: HR = 0.712, p < 0.001; 36 mm: HR = 0.700, p < 0.001; 38 mm: HR = 0.808, p < 0.140; and 40 mm: HR = 0.421, p < 0.001). Heads of 38 mm (HR = 1.288, p < 0.001) and 40 mm (HR = 1.367, p < 0.001) had increased risk of revision compared to the 28 mm head. CONCLUSION: Lumbar fusion surgery was associated with higher rate of hip prosthesis dislocation and higher risk of revision surgery. Femoral head component of 32 mm (or larger) associates with lower risk of dislocation in patients with previous lumbar fusion. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1003-1009.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Finlândia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 997-1002, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731820

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement influenced the risk of revision surgery after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis. METHODS: The study involved data collected by the National Joint Registry (NJR) for England and Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man between 1 September 2005 and 31 August 2017. Cox proportional hazards were used to investigate the association between use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and the risk of revision due to prosthetic joint infection (PJI), with adjustments made for the year of the initial procedure, age at the time of surgery, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, head size, and body mass index (BMI). We looked also at the association between use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and the risk of revision due to aseptic loosening or osteolysis. RESULTS: The cohort included 418,857 THAs of whom 397,896 had received antibiotic-loaded bone cement and 20,961 plain cement. After adjusting for putative confounding factors, the risk of revision for PJI was lower in those in whom antibiotic-loaded bone cement was used (hazard ration (HR) 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64 to 0.98). There was also a protective effect on the risk of revision due to aseptic loosening or osteolysis, in the period of > 4.1 years after primary THA, HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.45, 0.72. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of registry analysis, this study showed an association between the use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and lower rates of revision due to PJI. The findings support the continued use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement in cemented THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):997-1002.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Inglaterra , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irlanda do Norte , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , País de Gales
12.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1048-1055, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731828

RESUMO

AIMS: The Fassier Duval (FD) rod is a third-generation telescopic implant for children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Threaded fixation enables proximal insertion without opening the knee or ankle joint. We have reviewed our combined two-centre experience with this implant. METHODS: In total, 34 children with a mean age of five years (1 to 14) with severe OI have undergone rodding of 72 lower limb long bones (27 tibial, 45 femoral) for recurrent fractures with progressive deformity despite optimized bone health and bisphosphonate therapy. Data were collected prospectively, with 1.5 to 11 years follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients (33%) required exchange of implants (14 femora and ten tibiae) including 11 rods bending with refracture. Four (5%) required reoperation with implant retention. Loss of proximal fixation in the femur and distal fixation in the tibia were common. Four patients developed coxa vara requiring surgical correction. In total, 13 patients experienced further fractures without rod bending; eight required implant revision. There was one deep infection. The five-year survival rate, with rod revision as the endpoint, was 63% (95% confidence interval (CI) 44% to 77%) for femoral rods, with a mean age at implantation of 4.8 years (1.3 to 14.8), and 64% (95% CI 36% to 82%) for tibial rods, with a mean age at implantation of 5.2 years (2.0 to 13.8). CONCLUSION: FD rods are easier to implant but do not improve on the revision rates reported for second generation T-piece rods. Proximal femoral fixation is problematic in younger children with a partially ossified greater trochanter. Distal tibial fixation typically fails after two years. Future generation implants should address proximal femoral and distal tibial fixation to avoid the majority of complications in this series. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1048-1055.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Osteogênese Imperfeita/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Seguimentos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Fixadores Internos , Masculino , Osteogênese Imperfeita/complicações , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fraturas da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Tíbia/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1025-1032, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731836

RESUMO

AIMS: Total knee arthroplasty is an established treatment for knee osteoarthritis with excellent long-term results, but there remains controversy about the role of uncemented prostheses. We present the long-term results of a randomized trial comparing an uncemented tantalum metal tibial component with a conventional cemented component of the same implant design. METHODS: Patients under the age of 70 years with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to receive either an uncemented tantalum metal tibial monoblock component or a standard cemented modular component. The mean age at time of recruitment to the study was 63 years (50 to 70), 46 (51.1%) knees were in male patients, and the mean body mass index was 30.4 kg/m2 (21 to 36). The same cruciate retaining total knee system was used in both groups. All patients received an uncemented femoral component and no patients had their patella resurfaced. Patient outcomes were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively using the modified Oxford Knee Score, Knee Society Score, and 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-12) score. Radiographs were analyzed using the American Knee Society Radiograph Evaluation score. Operative complications, reoperations, or revision surgery were recorded. A total of 90 knees were randomized and at last review 77 knees were assessed. In all, 11 patients had died and two were lost to follow-up. RESULTS: At final review all patients were between 11 and 15 years following surgery. In total, 41 of the knees were cemented and 36 uncemented. There were no revisions in the cemented group and one revision in the uncemented group for fracture. The uncemented group reported better outcomes with both statistically and clinically significant (p = 0.001) improvements in knee-specific Oxford and Knee Society scores compared with the cemented group. The global SF-12 scores demonstrated no statistical difference (p = 0.812). Uncemented knees had better radiological analysis compared with the cemented group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Use of an uncemented trabecular metal tibial implant can afford better long-term clinical outcomes when compared to cemented tibial components of a matched design. However, both have excellent survivorship up to 15 years after implantation. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1025-1032.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Falha de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Metais/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Método Simples-Cego , Tantálio/uso terapêutico , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 971-975, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Routine drain placement is still widely used in both sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux en Y gastric bypass (REYGB). There is mounting evidence that drains may increase complication risk without preventing reoperation or other complications. METHODS: Data from 2017 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) Participant Use File was evaluated for drain use during laparoscopic REYGB and SG. Primary outcomes were superficial and deep surgical site infections (SSI), reintervention/reoperation, and readmission. Preoperative patient risk factors were also compared to evaluate for association with drain placement. RESULTS: A total of 148 260 patients fit the inclusion criteria. Drains were used in 23 190 (15.6%) cases and not used in 125 070 (84.4%). Drain placement during surgery was associated with increased odds of superficial SSI, deep incisional SSI, and organ space SSI. Patients with drains were found to have increased odds of requiring at least 1 reoperation or intervention within 30 days of surgery. Preoperative risk factors associated with drain placement included diabetes mellitus, a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and oxygen dependence. Smokers were slightly less likely to have a drain placed. There was no significant association with chronic steroid and immunosuppressant usage. CONCLUSION: There is mounting data against drain placement during bariatric surgery. Prior studies using MBSAQIP data have shown an increased complication rate with drains, and our data set supports the idea that drains may increase complications after surgery. While no randomized prospective trials have been performed looking at drain usage in bariatric surgery, the growing retrospective data certainly inform against the regular use of drains.


Assuntos
Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236701, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hip replacement and hip resurfacing are common surgical procedures with an estimated risk of revision of 4% over 10 year period. Approximately 58% of hip replacements will last 25 years. Some implants have higher revision rates and early identification of poorly performing hip replacement implant brands and cup/head brand combinations is vital. AIMS: Development of a dynamic monitoring method for the revision rates of hip implants. METHODS: Data on the outcomes following the hip replacement surgery between 2004 and 2012 was obtained from the National Joint Register (NJR) in the UK. A novel dynamic algorithm based on the CUmulative SUM (CUSUM) methodology with adjustment for casemix and random frailty for an operating unit was developed and implemented to monitor the revision rates over time. The Benjamini-Hochberg FDR method was used to adjust for multiple testing of numerous hip replacement implant brands and cup/ head combinations at each time point. RESULTS: Three poorly performing cup brands and two cup/ head brand combinations have been detected. Wright Medical UK Ltd Conserve Plus Resurfacing Cup (cup o), DePuy ASR Resurfacing Cup (cup e), and Endo Plus (UK) Limited EP-Fit Plus Polyethylene cup (cup g) showed stable multiple alarms over the period of a year or longer. An addition of a random frailty term did not change the list of underperforming components. The model with added random effect was more conservative, showing less and more delayed alarms. CONCLUSIONS: Our new algorithm is an efficient method for early detection of poorly performing components in hip replacement surgery. It can also be used for similar tasks of dynamic quality monitoring in healthcare.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Reino Unido
16.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1604-1611, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Donor livers with ≥30% macrosteatosis (steatotic livers) represent a possible expansion to the donor pool, but are frequently discarded as they are associated with an increased risk of mortality and graft loss. We hypothesized that there are certain recipient phenotypes that would tolerate donor steatosis well, and are therefore best suited to receive these grafts. METHODS: Using national registry data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients between 2006 and 2017, we compared 2048 liver transplant recipients of steatotic livers with 69 394 recipients of nonsteatotic (<30%) livers. We identified recipient factors that amplified the impact of donor steatosis on mortality and graft loss using interaction analysis, classifying recipients without these factors as preferred recipients. We compared mortality and graft loss with steatotic versus nonsteatotic livers in preferred and nonpreferred recipients using Cox regression. RESULTS: Preferred recipients of steatotic livers were determined to be first-time recipients with a model for end-stage liver disease 15-34, without primary biliary cirrhosis, and not on life support before transplant. Preferred recipients had no increased mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.921.041.16; P = 0.5) or graft loss (HR: 0.931.031.15; P = 0.5) with steatotic versus nonsteatotic livers. Conversely, nonpreferred recipients had a 41% increased mortality risk (HR: 1.171.411.70; P < 0.001) and 39% increased risk of graft loss (HR: 1.161.391.66; P < 0.001) with steatotic versus nonsteatotic livers. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of liver transplantation with steatotic donor livers could be minimized by appropriate recipient matching.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Seleção de Pacientes , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos/patologia , Aloenxertos/provisão & distribução , Modificador do Efeito Epidemiológico , Doença Hepática Terminal/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Rejeição de Enxerto/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fígado/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1720-1725, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of opioid use in lung transplant candidates on posttransplant outcomes is unknown. Studies on opioid therapy in kidney and liver transplant candidates have suggested increased risk of graft failure or death. We sought to analyze the relationship between pretransplant opioid use in lung transplant candidates and retransplant-free survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed adult patients transplanted consecutively between November 2004 and August 2015. The exposure was any opioid use at time of transplant listing and primary outcome was retransplant-free survival, analyzed via Cox regression model adjusted for recipient age, gender, ethnicity, diagnosis, and bridging status. Secondary outcomes included duration of ventilation, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, 3-month and 1-year survival, continuing opioid use at 1 year, and time to onset of chronic lung allograft dysfunction. RESULTS: The prevalence of opioid use at time of listing was 14% (61/425). Median daily oral morphine equivalent dose was 31 mg (18-54). Recipient ethnicity was associated with pretransplant opioid use. Opioid use at time of listing did not increase risk of death or retransplantation in an adjusted model (hazard ratio 1.12 [95% confidence interval 0.65-1.83], P = 0.6570). Secondary outcomes were similar between groups except hospital length of stay (opioid users 35 versus nonusers 27 d, P = 0.014). Continued opioid use at 1-year posttransplant was common (27/56, 48%). CONCLUSIONS: Pretransplant opioid use was not associated with retransplant-free survival in our cohort and should not necessarily preclude listing. Further work stratifying opioid use by indication and the association with opioid use disorder would be worthwhile.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Aloenxertos/efeitos dos fármacos , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pneumopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/mortalidade , Transplante de Pulmão/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(7_Supple_B): 90-98, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600193

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim of this paper was to outline the processes involved in building the Partners Arthroplasty Registry (PAR), established in April 2016 to capture baseline and outcome data for patients undergoing arthroplasty in a regional healthcare system. A secondary aim was to determine the quality of PAR's data. A tertiary aim was to report preliminary findings from the registry and contributions to quality improvement initiatives and research up to March 2019. METHODS: Structured Query Language was used to obtain data relating to patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) from the hospital network's electronic medical record (EMR) system to be included in the PAR. Data were stored in a secure database and visualized in dashboards. Quality assurance of PAR data was performed by review of the medical records. Capture rate was determined by comparing two months of PAR data with operating room schedules. Linear and binary logistic regression models were constructed to determine if length of stay (LOS), discharge to a care home, and readmission rates improved between 2016 and 2019. RESULTS: The PAR captured 16,163 THAs and TKAs between April 2016 and March 2019, performed in seven hospitals by 110 surgeons. Manual comparison to operating schedules showed a 100% capture rate. Review of the records was performed for 2,603 random operations; 2,298 (88.3%) had complete and accurate data. The PAR provided the data for three abstracts presented at international conferences and has led to preoperative mental health treatment as a quality improvement initiative in the participating institutions. For primary THA and TKA surgeries, the LOS decreased significantly (p < 0.001) and the rate of home discharge increased significantly (p < 0.001) between 2016 and 2019. Readmission rates did not correlated with the date of surgery (p = 0.953). CONCLUSION: The PAR has high rates of coverage (the number of patients treated within the Partners healthcare network) and data completion and can be used for both research purposes and quality improvement. The same method of creating a registry that was used in the PAR can be applied to hospitals using similar EMR systems. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(7 Supple B):90-98.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Automação , Melhoria de Qualidade , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Sistemas Multi-Institucionais , Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
19.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(7_Supple_B): 27-32, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600197

RESUMO

AIMS: Dual mobility (DM) bearings are an attractive treatment option to obtain hip stability during challenging primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) cases. The purpose of this study was to analyze data submitted to the American Joint Replacement Registry (AJRR) to characterize utilization trends of DM bearings in the USA. METHODS: All primary and revision THA procedures reported to AJRR from 2012 to 2018 were analyzed. Patients of all ages were included and subdivided into DM and traditional bearing surface cohorts. Patient demographics, geographical region, hospital size, and teaching affiliation were assessed. Associations were determined by chi-squared analysis and logistic regression was performed to assess outcome variables. RESULTS: A total of 406,900 primary and 34,745 revision THAs were identified, of which 35,455 (8.7%) and 8,031 (23.1%) received DM implants respectively. For primary THA, DM usage increased from 6.7% in 2012 to 12.0% in 2018. Among revision THA, DM use increased from 19.5% in 2012 to 30.6% in 2018. Patients < 50 years of age had the highest rates of DM implantation in every year examined. For each year of increase in age, there was a 0.4% decrease in the rate of DM utilization (odds ratio (OR) 0.996 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.995 to 0.997); p < 0.001). Females were more likely to receive a DM implant compared to males (OR 1.077 (95% CI 1.054 to 1.100); p < 0.001). Major teaching institutions and smaller hospitals were associated with higher rates of utilization. DM articulations were used more commonly for dysplasia compared with osteoarthritis (OR 2.448 (95% CI 2.032 to 2.949); p < 0.001) during primary THA and for instability (OR 3.130 (95% CI 2.751 to 3.562) vs poly-wear; p < 0.001) in the revision setting. CONCLUSION: DM articulations showed a marked increase in utilization during the period examined. Younger patient age, female sex, and hospital characteristics such as teaching status, smaller size, and geographical location were associated with increased utilization. DM articulations were used more frequently for primary THA in patients with dysplasia and for revision THA in patients being treated for instability. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(7 Supple B):27-32.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/tendências , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(7_Supple_B): 105-111, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600211

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study is to examine six types of bearing surfaces implanted at a single institution over three decades to determine whether the reasons for revision vary among the groups and how long it takes to identify differences in survival. METHODS: We considered six cohorts that included a total of 1,707 primary hips done between 1982 and 2010. These included 223 conventional polyethylene sterilized with γ irradiation in air (CPE-GA), 114 conventional polyethylene sterilized with gas plasma (CPE-GP), 116 crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE), 1,083 metal-on-metal (MOM), 90 ceramic-on-ceramic (COC), and 81 surface arthroplasties (SAs). With the exception of the COC, all other groups used cobalt-chromium (CoCr) femoral heads. The mean follow-up was 10 (0.008 to 35) years. Descriptive statistics with revisions per 100 component years (re/100 yr) and survival analysis with revision for any reason as the endpoint were used to compare bearing surfaces. RESULTS: XLPE liners demonstrated a lower cumulative incidence of revision at 15 years compared to the CPE-GA and CPE-GP groups owing to the absence of wear-related revisions (4% for XLPE vs 18%, p = 0.02, and 15%, p = 0.003, respectively). Revisions for adverse local tissue reactions occurred exclusively among the MOM (0.8 re/100 year) and SA groups (0.1 re/100 year). The revision rate for instability was lower among hips with 36 mm and larger head sizes compared to smaller head sizes (0.2% vs 2%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The introduction of XLPE has eliminated wear-related revisions through 15-year follow-up compared to CPE-GP and CPE-GA. Dislocation incidence has been reduced with the introduction of larger diameter heads but remains a persistent concern. The potential for adverse local tissue reactions with MOM requires continued follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(7 Supple B):105-111.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Cerâmica , Ligas de Cromo , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Masculino , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Virginia
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