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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22896, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126342

RESUMO

Many patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) undergo a step-up approach with interventional procedures as first-line treatment and resection reserved for later stages. The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors for a significant clinical improvement (SCI) after surgical treatment.All patients operated for CP between September 2012 and June 2017 at our center was retrospectively reviewed. A prospective patient survey was conducted to measure patients postoperative outcome. The primary endpoint SCI was defined as stable health status, positive weight development and complete pain relief without routine pain medication. Additionally, risk factors for relaparotomy were analyzed.A total of 89 patients with a median follow-up of 38 months were included. In most cases, a duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (n = 48) or pancreatoduodenectomy (n = 28) was performed. SCI was achieved in 65.3% (n = 47) of the patients after the final medium follow-up of 15.0 months (IQR: 7.0-35.0 months), respectively. Patients with a longer mean delay (7.7 vs 4 years) between diagnosis and surgical resection were less likely to achieve SCI (P = .02; OR .88; 95%CI .80-98). An endocrine insufficiency was a negative prognostic factor for SCI (P = .01; OR .15; 95%CI .04-68). In total, 96.2% of the patients had a complete or major postoperative relief with a mean pain intensity reduction from 8.1 to 1.9 on the visual analogue scale.The results support that surgical resection for CP should be considered at early stages. Resection can effectively reduce postoperative pain intensity and improve long-term success.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia , Pancreatite Crônica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Manutenção do Peso Corporal , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/etiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Pancreatite Crônica/enzimologia , Pancreatite Crônica/epidemiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/fisiopatologia , Pancreatite Crônica/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Am Heart J ; 228: 91-97, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal role of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes following CABG among patients who received a radial artery graft. METHODS: Patients in the angiographic cohort of the PREVENT-IV trial were stratified based upon having received a radial artery graft or not during CABG. Baseline characteristics and 1-year angiographic and 5-year clinical outcomes were compared between patients. RESULTS: Of 1,923 patients in the angiographic cohort of PREVENT-IV, 117 received a radial artery graft. These patients had longer surgical procedures (median 253 vs 228 minutes, P < .001) and had a greater number of grafts placed (P < .0001). Radial artery grafts had a graft-level failure rate of 23.0%, which was similar to vein grafts (25.2%) and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts (8.3%). The hazard of the composite clinical outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization was similar for both cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 0.896, 95% CI 0.609-1.319, P = .58). Radial graft failure rates were higher when used to bypass moderately stenotic lesions (<75% stenosis, 37% failure) compared with severely stenotic lesions (≥75% stenosis, 15% failure). CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery grafts had early failure rates comparable to saphenous vein and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts. Use of a radial graft was not associated with a different rate of death, myocardial infarction, or postoperative revascularization. Despite the significant potential for residual confounding associated with post hoc observational analyses of clinical trial data, these findings suggest that when clinical circumstances permit, the radial artery is an acceptable alternative to saphenous vein and should be used to bypass severely stenotic target vessels.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Artéria Radial/transplante , Reoperação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Am Heart J ; 228: 109-115, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients aged ≥80 years are often treated with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but data from randomized studies are scarce owing to underrepresentation in most trials. We assessed 1-year clinical outcome of octogenarians treated with new-generation DES versus younger patients. METHODS: We pooled patient-level data of 9,204 participants in the TWENTE, DUTCH PEERS, BIO-RESORT, and BIONYX (TWENTE I-IV) randomized trials. The main clinical end point was target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically indicated target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: The 671 octogenarian trial participants had significantly more comorbidities. TVF was higher in octogenarians than in 8,533 patients <80 years (7.3% vs 5.3%, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.0-1.83, P = .04). The cardiac death rate was higher in octogenarians (3.9% vs 0.8%, P < .001). There was no significant between-group difference in target vessel MI (2.3% vs 2.3%, P = .88) and repeat target vessel revascularization (1.9% vs 2.8%, P = .16). In multivariate analyses, age ≥ 80 years showed no independent association with TVF (adjusted HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.76-1.42), whereas the risk of cardiac death remained higher in octogenarians (adjusted HR: 3.38, 95% CI: 2.07-5.52, P < .001). In 6,002 trial participants, in whom data on major bleeding were recorded, octogenarians (n = 459) showed a higher major bleeding risk (5.9% vs 1.9%; HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 2.01-4.74, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarian participants in 4 large-scale randomized DES trials had more comorbidities and a higher incidence of the main end point TVF. Cardiac mortality was higher in octogenarians, whereas there was no increase in MI or target vessel revascularization rates. Treatment of octogenarian patients with new-generation DES appears to be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/classificação , Everolimo/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5673-5678, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate whether minimally access spine surgery (MASS) is less morbid than open surgery (OS) in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 49 MSCC patients were included in the trial. The outcome measures were bleeding (L), operation time (min), re-operations and prolonged wound healing. RESULTS: The median age was 67 years (range=42-85 years) and 40% were men. The peri-operative blood loss in the MASS-group was significantly lower than that in the OS-group; 0.175L vs. 0.500L, (p=0.002). The median operation time for MASS was 142 min (range=72-203 min) vs. 103 (range=59-435 min) for OS (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups concerning revision surgery or delayed wound healing. CONCLUSION: The MASS technique in MSCC patients is associated with less blood loss, but a longer operation time when compared to the OS technique.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Disrafismo Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/sangue , Compressão da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Disrafismo Espinal/sangue , Disrafismo Espinal/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/sangue , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1016-1024, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731825

RESUMO

AIMS: Although bone cement is the primary mode of fixation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), cementless fixation is gaining interest as it has the potential of achieving lasting biological fixation. By 3D printing an implant, highly porous structures can be manufactured, promoting osseointegration into the implant to prevent aseptic loosening. This study compares the migration of cementless, 3D-printed TKA to cemented TKA of a similar design up to two years of follow-up using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) known for its ability to predict aseptic loosening. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were randomized to either cementless 3D-printed or a cemented cruciate retaining TKA. RSA and clinical scores were evaluated at baseline and postoperatively at three, 12, and 24 months. A mixed model was used to analyze the repeated measurements. RESULTS: The mean maximum total point motion (MTPM) at three, 12, and 24 months was 0.33 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.25 to 0.42), 0.42 mm (95% CI 0.33 to 0.51), and 0.47 mm (95% CI 0.38 to 0.57) respectively in the cemented group, versus 0.52 mm (95% CI 0.43 to 0.63), 0.62 mm (95% CI 0.52 to 0.73), and 0.64 mm (95% CI 0.53 to 0.75) in the cementless group (p = 0.003). However, using three months as baseline, no difference in mean migration between groups was found (p = 0.497). Three implants in the cemented group showed a > 0.2 mm increase in MTPM between one and two years of follow-up. In the cementless group, one implant was revised due to pain and progressive migration, and one patient had a liner-exchange due to a deep infection. CONCLUSION: The cementless TKA migrated more than the cemented TKA in the first two-year period. This difference was mainly due to a higher initial migration of the cementless TKA in the first three postoperative months after which stabilization was observed in all but one malaligned and early revised TKA. Whether the biological fixation of the cementless implants will result in an increased long-term survivorship requires a longer follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1016-1024.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Falha de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica/métodos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1048-1055, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731828

RESUMO

AIMS: The Fassier Duval (FD) rod is a third-generation telescopic implant for children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Threaded fixation enables proximal insertion without opening the knee or ankle joint. We have reviewed our combined two-centre experience with this implant. METHODS: In total, 34 children with a mean age of five years (1 to 14) with severe OI have undergone rodding of 72 lower limb long bones (27 tibial, 45 femoral) for recurrent fractures with progressive deformity despite optimized bone health and bisphosphonate therapy. Data were collected prospectively, with 1.5 to 11 years follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients (33%) required exchange of implants (14 femora and ten tibiae) including 11 rods bending with refracture. Four (5%) required reoperation with implant retention. Loss of proximal fixation in the femur and distal fixation in the tibia were common. Four patients developed coxa vara requiring surgical correction. In total, 13 patients experienced further fractures without rod bending; eight required implant revision. There was one deep infection. The five-year survival rate, with rod revision as the endpoint, was 63% (95% confidence interval (CI) 44% to 77%) for femoral rods, with a mean age at implantation of 4.8 years (1.3 to 14.8), and 64% (95% CI 36% to 82%) for tibial rods, with a mean age at implantation of 5.2 years (2.0 to 13.8). CONCLUSION: FD rods are easier to implant but do not improve on the revision rates reported for second generation T-piece rods. Proximal femoral fixation is problematic in younger children with a partially ossified greater trochanter. Distal tibial fixation typically fails after two years. Future generation implants should address proximal femoral and distal tibial fixation to avoid the majority of complications in this series. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1048-1055.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Osteogênese Imperfeita/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Seguimentos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Fixadores Internos , Masculino , Osteogênese Imperfeita/complicações , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fraturas da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Tíbia/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1033-1040, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731833

RESUMO

AIMS: To report mid- to long-term results of Oxford mobile bearing domed lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), and determine the effect of potential contraindications on outcome. METHODS: A total of 325 consecutive domed lateral UKAs undertaken for the recommended indications were included, and their functional and survival outcomes were assessed. The effects of age, weight, activity, and the presence of full-thickness erosions of cartilage in the patellofemoral joint on outcome were evaluated. RESULTS: Median follow-up was seven years (3 to 14), and mean age at surgery was 65 years (39 to 90). Median Oxford Knee Score (OKS) was 43 (interquartile range (IQR) 37 to 47), with 260 (80%) achieving a good or excellent score (OKS > 34). Revisions occurred in 34 (10%); 14 (4%) were for dislocation, of which 12 had no recurrence following insertion of a new bearing, and 12 (4%) were revised for medial osteoarthritis (OA). Ten-year survival was 85% (95% confidence interval (CI) 79 to 90, at risk 72). Age, weight, activity, and patellofemoral erosions did not have a significant effect on the clinical outcome or survival. CONCLUSION: Domed lateral UKA provides a good alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the management of lateral compartment OA. Although dislocation is relatively easy to treat successfully, the dislocation rate of 4% is high. It is recommended that the stability of the bearing is assessed intraoperatively. If the bearing can easily be displaced, the fixed rather than the mobile bearing version of the Oxford lateral tibial component should be inserted instead. Younger age, heavier weight, high activity, and patellofemoral erosions did not detrimentally affect outcome, so should not be considered contraindications. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1033-1040.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Falha de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 967-980, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731835

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to validate the outcome of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to identify factors that affect the outcome. METHODS: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Reviews, and Embase from between January 2003 and March 2019. The primary aim was to determine the implant failure rate, the mode of failure, and risk factors predisposing to failure. A secondary aim was to identify the overall complication rate, associated risk factors, and clinical performance. A meta-regression analysis was completed to identify the association between each parameter with the outcome. RESULTS: A total of 38 studies including 2,118 TEAs were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 80.9 months (8.2 to 156). The implant failure and complication rates were 16.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.128 to 0.200) and 24.5% (95% CI 0.203 to 0.293), respectively. Aseptic loosening was the most common mode of failure (9.5%; 95% CI 0.071 to 0.124). The mean postoperative ranges of motion (ROMs) were: flexion 131.5° (124.2° to 138.8°), extension 29.3° (26.8° to 31.9°), pronation 74.0° (67.8° to 80.2°), and supination 72.5° (69.5° to 75.5°), and the mean postoperative Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) was 89.3 (95% CI 86.9 to 91.6). The meta-regression analysis identified that younger patients and implants with an unlinked design correlated with higher failure rates. Younger patients were associated with increased complications, while female patients and an unlinked prosthesis were associated with aseptic loosening. CONCLUSION: TEA continues to provide satisfactory results for patients with RA. However, it is associated with a substantially higher implant failure and complication rates compared with hip and knee arthroplasties. The patient's age, sex, and whether cemented fixation and unlinked prosthesis were used can influence the outcome. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):967-980.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Medição da Dor , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Articulação do Cotovelo/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Prótese de Cotovelo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21481, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756174

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Severe bone defect could often occur after removing the fractured fixation plates of comminuted fracture in the distal humerus. The reoperation of internal fixation or conventional total elbow arthroplasty could hardly restore the anatomy structure and function of the elbow. However, a novel exploration of 3-dimensional (3D) printed personalized elbow prosthesis was presented in this work. This is a rare and successful treatment for the severe bone defect after removing the fractured fixation plates of comminuted distal humerus fracture. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital with the chief complaint of right elbow joint pain and limitation of motion for 10 years. He suffered from an open reduction with internal fixation surgery 10 years ago due to a fall injury-induced right distal humerus fracture. DIAGNOSES: Plain radiographs and computed tomography scan revealed fracture lines, fracture displacement, and fixator breakage in the right distal humerus. Pain, swelling, and limitation of motion could be found in the physical examination. Fixation failure and nonunion after internal fixation of comminuted distal humerus fracture were considered. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with 3D printed personalized TEA and functional rehabilitation exercises. OUTCOMES: No severe complications were observed during the 36 months follow-up. The patient could complete the daily activities without pain. The hospital for special surgery score increased from 15 points before surgery to 90 points 36 months after surgery. LESSONS: The 3D printed personalized prosthesis could successfully reconstruct the anatomical structures and function of the elbow joint with a severe bone defect. The 3D printed personalized total elbow arthroplasty might provide a feasible method for treating the complex elbow joint diseases in the elderly.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/instrumentação , Prótese de Cotovelo , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Reoperação/instrumentação , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 241-247, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether absorbable or nonabsorbable mesh repair of large hiatus hernias is followed by less recurrences at late follow-up compared to sutured repair. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiological recurrences have been reported in up to 30% of patients after repair of large hiatus hernias, and mesh repair has been proposed as a solution. Earlier trials have revealed mixed outcomes and early outcomes from a trial reported previously revealed no short-term advantages for mesh repair. METHODS: Multicentre prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial of 3 methods of hiatus hernia repair; sutures versus absorbable mesh versus nonabsorbable mesh. Primary outcome - hernia recurrence assessed by barium meal X-ray and endoscopy at 3-4 years. Secondary outcomes - clinical symptom scores at 2, 3, and 5 years. RESULTS: 126 patients were enrolled - 43 sutures, 41 absorbable mesh, and 42 nonabsorbable mesh. Clinical outcomes were obtained at 5 years in 89.9%, and objective follow-up was obtained in 72.3%. A recurrent hernia (any size) was identified in 39.3% after suture repair, 56.7% - absorbable mesh, and 42.9% - nonabsorbable mesh (P = 0.371). Clinical outcomes were similar at 5 years, except chest pain, diarrhea, and bloat symptoms which were more common after repair with absorbable mesh. CONCLUSIONS: No advantages were demonstrated for mesh repair at up to 5 years follow-up, and symptom outcomes were worse after repair with absorbable mesh. The longer-term results from this trial do not support mesh repair for large hiatus hernias.


Assuntos
Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura , Implantes Absorvíveis , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Austrália , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hérnia Hiatal/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Reoperação/métodos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/fisiologia
12.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 45(15): E909-E916, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675602

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elucidate the rate and causes of reoperation for late neurological deterioration after cervical laminoplasty by comparing cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) with those of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the long-term surgical outcomes of cervical laminoplasty in patients with CSM or OPLL are satisfactory, reoperation is sometimes required for late neurological deterioration after laminoplasty. However, limited information is available about long-term follow-up in such cases. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 623 patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy (average follow-up duration, 6.1 [range, 2-15] years). The rate of reoperations for late neurological deterioration (>6 mo after the initial surgery) was investigated. RESULTS: Primary diagnoses were CSM and OPLL in 522 (83.8%) and 101 (16.2%) patients, respectively. During the follow-up period, 10 (1.6%) patients required reoperation: 7 (1.3%) in the CSM group and 3 (3.0%) in the OPLL group. No significant difference was found between the CSM and OPLL groups regarding patients requiring reoperation (P = 0.26). The mean elapsed time between primary surgery and reoperation was 4.7 ±â€Š3.2 and 10.0 ±â€Š5.7 years in the CSM and OPLL groups, respectively. The predicted risk percentages of reoperation at 10 years after primary surgery were 2.9% and 1.0% in the CSM and OPLL group, respectively. The causes of reoperation for CSM were C5 palsy in five, severe radiculopathy in one, and restenosis due to instability after laminoplasty in one case; the cause of reoperation for OPLL was enlargement of ossification in all three cases. CONCLUSION: Although the clinical outcomes of laminoplasty were favorable in most patients, reoperation for late neurological deterioration was required in approximately 1.0% to 3.0% of CSM and OPLL cases within 10 years after laminoplasty. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Laminoplastia/efeitos adversos , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Espondilose/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(6_Supple_A): 123-128, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475265

RESUMO

AIMS: Aseptic loosening of the tibial component is a frequent cause of failure in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Management options include an isolated tibial revision or full component revision. A full component revision is frequently selected by surgeons unfamiliar with the existing implant or who simply wish to "start again". This option adds morbidity compared with an isolated tibial revision. While isolated tibial revision has a lower morbidity, it is technically more challenging due to difficulties with exposure and maintaining prosthetic stability. This study was designed to compare these two reconstructive options. METHODS: Patients undergoing revision TKA for isolated aseptic tibial loosening between 2012 and 2017 were identified. Those with revision implants or revised for infection, instability, osteolysis, or femoral component loosening were excluded. A total of 164 patients were included; 88 had an isolated tibial revision and 76 had revision of both components despite only having a loose tibial component. The demographics and clinical and radiological outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: The patient demographics were statistically similar in the two cohorts. The median follow-up was 3.5 years (interquartile range (IQR) 1 to 12.5). Supplementary femoral metaphyseal fixation was required in five patients in the full revision cohort. There was a higher incidence of radiological tibial loosening in the full component revision cohort at the final follow-up (8 (10.5%) vs 5 (5.7%); p = 0.269). Three patients in the full component revision cohort developed instability while only one in the isolated tibial cohort did. Three patients in the full revision cohort developed a flexion contracture greater than 5° while none in the isolated tibial cohort did. CONCLUSION: Isolated tibial revision for aseptic tibial loosening has statistically similar clinical and radiological outcomes at a median follow-up of 3.5 years, when compared with full component revision. Substantial bone loss can occur when removing a well-fixed femoral component necessitating a cone or sleeve. Femoral component revision for isolated tibial loosening can frequently be avoided provided adequate ligamentous stability can be obtained. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6 Supple A):123-128.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia
14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(6_Supple_A): 145-150, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475287

RESUMO

AIMS: Two-stage exchange arthroplasty is the most common definitive treatment for prosthetic joint infection (PJI) in the USA. Complications that occur during treatment are often not considered. The purpose of this study was to analyze complications in patients undergoing two-stage exchange for infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and determine when they occur. METHODS: We analyzed all patients that underwent two-stage exchange arthroplasty for treatment of PJI of the knee from January 2010 to December 2018 at a single institution. We categorized complications as medical versus surgical. The intervals for complications were divided into: interstage; early post-reimplantation (three months); and late post-reimplantation (three months to minimum one year). Minimum follow-up was one year. In total, 134 patients underwent a first stage of a two-stage exchange. There were 69 males and 65 females with an mean age at first stage surgery of 67 years (37 to 89). Success was based on the new Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) definition of success reporting. RESULTS: Overall, 70 (52%) patients experienced a complication during the planned two-stage treatment, 36 patients (27%) experienced a medical complication and 47 (41%) patients experienced a surgical complication. There was an 18% mortality rate (24/134) at a mean of 3.7 years (0.09 to 8.3). During the inter-stage period, 28% (37/134) of patients experienced a total of 50 complications at a median of 47 days (interquartile range (IQR) 18 to 139). Of these 50 complications, 22 were medical and 28 required surgery. During this inter-stage period, four patients died (3%) and an additional five patients (4%) failed to progress to the second stage. While 93% of patients (125/134) were reimplanted, only 56% (77/134) of the patients were successfully treated without antibiotic suppression (36%, 28/77) or with antibiotic suppression (19%, 15/77) at one year. CONCLUSION: Reported rates of success of two stage exchanges for PJI have not traditionally considered complications in the definition of success. In our series, significant numbers of patients experienced complications, more often after reimplantation, highlighting the morbidity of this method of treatment. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6 Supple A):145-150.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233894, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve (VIV) procedure is a safe alternative to conventional reoperation for bioprosthetic dysfunction. Balloon-expandable valve (BEV) and self-expanding valve (SEV) are the 2 major types of devices used. Evidence regarding the comparison of the 2 valves remains scarce. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the outcomes of BEV and SEV in transcatheter VIV for aortic bioprostheses dysfunction. A computerized search of Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases was performed. English-language journal articles reporting SEV or BEV outcomes of at least 10 patients were included. RESULTS: In total, 27 studies were included, with 2,269 and 1,671 patients in the BEV and SEV groups, respectively. Rates of 30-day mortality and stroke did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. However, BEV was associated with significantly lower rates of postprocedural permanent pacemaker implantation (3.8% vs. 12%; P < 0.001). Regarding echocardiographic parameters, SEV was associated with larger postprocedural effective orifice area at 30 days (1.53 cm2 vs. 1.23 cm2; P < 0.001) and 1 year (1.55 cm2 vs. 1.22 cm2; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: For patients who underwent transcatheter aortic VIV, SEV was associated with larger postprocedural effective orifice area but higher rates of permanent pacemaker implantation. These findings provide valuable information for optimizing device selection for transcatheter aortic VIV.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/instrumentação , Reoperação/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233035, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modular stems are widely used in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) with aseptic loosening being a common reason for revision. Despite the good results reported on the use of modular stem designs, there are only few studies focusing on aseptic revisions and few studies on a hexagonal stem design. The goal of this study is to determine stem survival, clinical and functional outcome along with possible risk factors for implant failure in aseptic revision THA. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 53 patients with aseptic THA revision using a modular hexagonal stem with a minimum follow-up of two years. Femoral bone loss, radiographic and clinical outcomes as well as function measured using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) was assessed. Patients' previous medical history was analyzed for comorbidities and the body mass index. Stem survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Possible risk factors for implant failure were analyzed using the log-rank test. The median age at revision was 69 (IQR 62-73) with a median follow up of 74 months. RESULTS: Implant survival rates amounted to 90.4% at 3 and 5 years. The median HHS improved by 47 points (34 (IQR 22-47) vs 81 (IQR 59-90) p<0.001). There was a reduced implant survival after 5 years when the revision stem was used following a previous cemented stem (83.4% vs 100%, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: A modular, hexagonal stem can be successfully used in aseptic revision THA with remarkable functional results and excellent survivorship. Revision of a cemented stem using this implant might result in reduced survival which must be considered when planning treatment.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Desenho de Prótese/instrumentação , Idoso , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2020: 2139617, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489330

RESUMO

Objective: We aim to evaluate the long-term prognosis of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients with high-risk coronary anatomy (HRCA). Background: Coronary disease severity is important for therapeutic decision-making and prognostication among patients presenting with NSTE-ACS. However, long-term outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with HRCA is still unknown. Method: NSTE-ACS patients undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital in 2013 were prospectively enrolled and subsequently divided into HRCA and low-risk coronary anatomy (LRCA) groups according to whether angiography complies with the HRCA definition. HRCA was defined as left main disease >50%, proximal LAD lesion >70%, or 2- to 3- vessel disease involving the LAD. Prognosis impact on 2-year and 5-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) is analyzed. Results: Out of 4,984 enrolled patients with NSTE-ACS, 3,752 patients belonged to the HRCA group, while 1,232 patients belonged to the LRCA group. Compared with the LRCA group, patients in the HRCA group had worse baseline characteristics including higher age, more comorbidities, and worse angiographic findings. Patients in the HRCA group had higher incidence of unplanned revascularization (2 years: 9.7% vs. 5.1%, p < 0.001; 5 years: 15.4% vs. 10.3%, p < 0.001), 2-year MACCE (13.1% vs. 8.8%, p < 0.001), and 5-year death/MI/revascularization/stroke (23.0% vs. 18.4%, p = 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed similar results. After adjusting for confounding factors, HRCA is independently associated with higher risk of revascularization (2 years: HR = 1.636, 95% CI: 1.225-2.186; 5 years: HR = 1.460, 95% CI: 1.186-1.798), 2-year MACCE (HR = 1.275, 95% CI = 1.019-1.596) and 5-year death/MI/revascularization/stroke (HR = 1.183, 95% CI: 1.010-1.385). Conclusion: In our large cohort of Chinese patients, HRCA is an independent risk factor for long-term unplanned revascularization and MACCE.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/diagnóstico , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/etiologia , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544312

RESUMO

In this video tutorial we present our technique for hybrid surgical Melody® valve implantation in the left atrio-ventricular valve (henceforth referred to as mitral valve) position in children. The key steps, including valve preparation, implantation, and balloon dilatation, are depicted. We discuss the short-term outcome, we red-flag potential complications, and we hypothesize medium-term outcomes, including late balloon dilatation.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/instrumentação , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Transplant Proc ; 52(5): 1544-1546, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Double kidney transplantation allows the use of marginal kidneys with a significant improvement in the recovery of renal function expected after transplantation, although with a greater anesthesiologic and surgical risk. One-sided positioning, more cautious in the event of functional exhaustion, can be complex due to vascular anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report the case of 2 double unilateral kidney transplants with vascular reconstructions. The first is a double kidney transplant from a 83-year-old donor. Both kidneys (score 5) had 2 arteries and the arterial patch was not usable. A cryopreserved arterial graft was used for the packaging of an arterial axis with which a single T-L anastomosis was performed; the 2 veins were also joined with the packaging of a single anastomosis. The second case is a double kidney transplant from a cadaveric donor performed on a recipient suffering from severe diffuse atheromasia. The right kidney had 2 arteries and the left kidney had 3 arteries (both score 5). The aortic patches and veins of the 2 kidneys were joined together and a single arterial and venous anastomosis was performed. RESULTS: The course has been uneventful. In both cases there were no perioperative vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of marginal organs is an increasingly common reality. Bench vascular reconstructions can further increase donation resources, safely enhancing the transplantation of already marginal organs that would otherwise not be usable and allowing the contralateral vascular axis to be kept intact.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/métodos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim Único/cirurgia , Transplantes/irrigação sanguínea , Malformações Vasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/métodos , Transplantes/cirurgia
20.
J Card Surg ; 35(6): 1348-1350, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-343637

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus, now termed SARS-CoV-2, has caused a significant global impact in the space of 4 months. Almost all elective cardiac surgical operations have been postponed with only urgent and emergency operations being considered in order to maximise resource utilisation. We present a case of a 69-year old lady with an infected prosthetic aortic valve for consideration of urgent inpatient surgery. Despite being asymptomatic and testing negative initially for COVID-19 RT-PCR swab, further investigations with CT revealed suspicious findings. She subsequently tested positive on a repeat swab and unfortunately deteriorated rapidly with complications including gastro-intestinal and intracerebral haemorrhage.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/virologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pandemias , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
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