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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18859, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977885

RESUMO

To investigate the relationship between indoor radon level and stroke, which is a major factor for background radiation.This study combines 2 nationwide studies. Demographic characteristics and medical history of participants were obtained from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2012. Participants over 40 years old and who completed the questionnaire were included in the study. Indoor radon concentration was analyzed using the mean value of winter housing radon concentration from 2012 to 2016 published by the National Institute of Environmental Research. The average values of each metropolitan city and province were assigned to the residence of the participant. To eliminate the potential confounding factors, participants' age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, education level, occupation, smoking, drinking, exercise, and dietary intake were adjusted in multivariable logistic regression.Total of 28,557 participants were included in this study. Indoor radon levels were significantly higher in the participants with stroke, and the prevalence of stroke increased as indoor radon levels increased (P < .001, P for linear trend <.001). Indoor radon level was associated with stroke even after adjusting potential confounding factors (OR: 1.004 [95CI: 1.001-1.007], P = .010) and high radon exposure (indoor radon over 100Bq/m3) was also associated with stroke (OR: 1.242 [95CI: 1.069-1.444], P = .005). Trend analysis showed linear correlation of increased odds between radon quartile and stroke (P for linear trend < .001). In subgroup analysis, elevated indoor radon was most strongly associated in participants with age over 76(OR: 1.872[95%CI:1.320-2.654], P < .001).High indoor radon concentration may be associated with stroke. Specifically, elevated radon was associated with stroke in participants over 76 years old. In high-risk population, home modification to reduce indoor radon may help decreasing the risk of stroke.


Assuntos
Radônio/análise , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radônio/toxicidade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/induzido quimicamente
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18540, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895791

RESUMO

Infection with influenza virus increases morbidity and mortality in patients with risk factors, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with influenza vaccination coverage in Korean CVD patients.We included 19,599 adults from the 2010 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Influenza vaccination rates were compared in subjects with and without CVD. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with influenza vaccination in Korean adults with CVD before and after stratification for age (<65 and ≥65 years).Significantly higher vaccination rates were observed in individuals with CVD than in those without CVD (61.4% vs 31.0%, P < .001). However, young individuals (19-49 years) had decreased influenza vaccination rates, with no difference based on CVD status (20.3% vs 21.6%, P = .859). A lack of private insurance (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.98) and recent health screening (OR, 4.56; 95% CI, 1.90-10.92) were independent factors for influenza vaccination in CVD patients aged <65 years, whereas female sex (OR, 3.71; 95% CI, 1.24-11.07) and less education (OR, 4.59; 95% CI, 1.27-16.61) were independent factors in CVD patients aged ≥65 years.Improving influenza vaccination coverage for Korean adults with CVD is important, especially in young patients. For young patients with CVD, influenza vaccination status is independently associated with the presence of private insurance and recent health screening. This finding could help establish public health policies to promote influenza vaccination in this population.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/virologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 187-196, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: No study has evaluated the prognostic impact of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (AACI) in those with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study aimed to evaluate the utility of the AACI for predicting long-term survival in patients with surgically treated non-metastatic clear cell RCC (ccRCC). METHODS: Data from 698 patients with non-metastatic ccRCC who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy as primary therapy from a multi-institutional Korean collaboration between 1988 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinicopathological variables and survival outcomes of those with AACI scores ≤ 3 (n = 324), 4-5 (n = 292), and ≥ 6 (n = 82) were compared. RESULTS: Patients with a high AACI score were older and more likely to be female. They were also more likely to have diabetes or hypertension, a worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, and lower preoperative hemoglobin, albumin, serum calcium, and serum total cholesterol levels. Regarding pathologic features, a high AACI score was associated with advanced stage. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed that AACI ≥ 6 was associated with shorter cancer-specific (log-rank test, P < 0.001) and overall survival (log-rank test, P < 0.001), but not with recurrence-free survival (log-rank test, P = 0.134). Multivariate Cox regression analyses identified an AACI score as an independent predictor of overall survival (hazard ratio, 6.870; 95% confidence interval, 2.049-23.031; P = 0.002). The AACI score was a better discriminator of overall survival than the Charlson comorbidity index score. CONCLUSIONS: AACI scores may enable more tailored, individualized management strategies for patients with surgically treated non-metastatic ccRCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 309-319, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872360

RESUMO

Although lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (RD) is a therapeutic option for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), limited real-world clinical data exist. The purpose of this study was to estimate efficacy and safety of RD in RRMM patients of the clinical practice. Data from patients at 25 university hospitals in South Korea between October 2009 and December 2016 were collected retrospectively. We report the effectiveness and safety of RD in 546 RRMM patients in routine clinical practice in South Korea. Patients (median age, 65 years) typically received median 7 cycles of RD, and 184 (33.7%) patients were treated with 10 or more cycles of RD. Patients with renal impairment (CLCr < 40 mL/min; 10.4%), comorbid conditions (≥ 2; 12.0%), and poor performance status (≥ 2; 25.1%) were included. The overall response rate was 64.2%: complete response (13.1%), very good partial response (VGPR 19.9%). With median follow-up duration of 18.6 months, median PFS and OS were 11.2 months and 25.2 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, less than 2 comorbid conditions, normal LDH, failed one chemotherapy prior to RD, and ≥ 10 cycles of RD therapy had significantly prolonged PFS (P = 0.007, P = 0.011, P = 0.007, and P < 0.001, respectively). Adverse events were acceptable. RD is effective and safe in real-life clinical practice, including patients with comorbidities. RD is an effective and safe treatment in a real clinical setting which includes patients with comorbidities. Early and continual use of RD treatment may improve RRMM survival outcomes.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
BJOG ; 127(1): 79-86, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to analyse the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) cohort data to examine the safety of acupuncture therapy during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Korea. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women with confirmed pregnancy between 2003 and 2012 from the 2002-13 NHIS sample cohort (n = 20 799). METHODS: Women with confirmed pregnancy were identified and divided into acupuncture or control group for comparison of their outcomes. Differences in other factors such as age, and rate of high-risk pregnancy and multiple pregnancy were examined. In the acupuncture group, the most frequent acupuncture diagnosis codes and the timing of treatment were also investigated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of full-term delivery, preterm delivery and stillbirth by pregnancy duration and among the high-risk and multiple pregnancy groups. RESULTS: Of 20 799 pregnant women analysed, 1030 (4.95%) and 19 749 were in the acupuncture and control groups, respectively. Both overall (odds ratio [OR] 1.23; 95% CI 0.98-1.54), and in the stratified analysis of high-risk pregnancies (OR 1.09; 95% CI 0.73-1.64), there was no significant difference between acupuncture and control groups in preterm deliveries. No stillbirths occurred in the acupuncture group and 0.035% of pregnancies resulted in stillbirths in the control group. CONCLUSION: No significant difference in delivery outcomes (preterm delivery and stillbirth) was observed between confirmed pregnancies in the acupuncture and control groups. Therefore, in pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse delivery outcome. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: In pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse outcome.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Accid Anal Prev ; 134: 105325, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706185

RESUMO

Although mortality trends can be influenced by different ages, periods, and cohorts, few studies have demonstrated the age-period-cohort (APC) effect on road traffic injury (RTI) mortality. Moreover, APC effects in Korea have never been documented despite the high mortality rates from RTIs. This study aimed to describe the trends in mortality from RTIs and examine APC effects on RTI mortality in Korea. Using the national death certificate and census mid-year population estimates data during 1983-2017, trends in age-standardized mortality rates from RTIs were analyzed using Joinpoint regression. Intrinsic estimator regression models were used to estimate APC effects on RTI mortality. Consistent with the trend in period effects, RTI mortality increased sharply with the economic growth in the 1980s, decelerated after the implementation of road safety policies in the early 1990s, plummeted owing to the 1997-1998 financial crisis, and gradually decreased from the early 2000s. A J-shaped age effect indicated that the relative risk of road traffic death surged in people aged ≥65 years. Educational expansion from the mid-1950s turned an increasing birth cohort effect into a continuously decreasing trend after peaking around the 1938-1943 birth cohorts. The risk of road traffic death was relatively high among the Korean Generation Y, i.e., those born in 1978-1983. RTI mortality trends in Korea have been affected by diverse socioeconomic changes through cohort and period effects. Despite the recent favorable trend, RTI mortality remains high, especially among older people. Road safety policies to address the burden of RTIs require further improvement.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18354, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860991

RESUMO

Many cancer patients develop diabetes, which may result in reduction of chemotherapy effectiveness and increased infection risk and cardiovascular mortality. Diabetes may also increase the risks of chemotherapy-related toxicity and post-operative mortality, or represent an obstacle to optimal cancer treatment. However, the clinical predictors of diabetes in cancer patients remain largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the risk factors for developing diabetes and construct a nomogram to predict diabetes in cancer patients.We investigated patients from a national sample cohort obtained from the Korea National Health Insurance Service (KNHIS), which included 2% of the Korean population. Patients who had undergone routine medical evaluation by the KNHIS between 2004 and 2008 and been hospitalized due to cancer (ICD-10 codes C00-97) during the past 3 years were included. After excluding patients with type 2 diabetes and missing data, 10,899 patients were enrolled and followed-up until 2013. A total of 7630 (70%) patients were assigned as the training cohort and used to construct the nomogram which was based on a multivariable logistic regression model. The remaining patients (n = 3269) were used as the validation cohort.The incidence rate of diabetes was 12.1 per 1000 person-years over a mean follow-up of 6.6 ±â€Š1.8 years. Significant risk factors for developing diabetes were age, sex, obesity, fasting plasma glucose, hypertension, and hypercholesterolmia. A nomogram was constructed using these variables and internally validated. The area under the curve was 0.70 (95% confidence interval, .666-.730, P < .0001) and the calibration plot showed agreement between the actual and nomogram-predicted diabetes probabilities.The nomogram developed in this study is easy to use and convenient for identifying cancer patients at high-risk for type 2 diabetes, enabling early type 2 diabetes screening and management.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Nomogramas , Obesidade/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18537, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876751

RESUMO

Thyroid disorders are associated with blood glucose abnormalities. For rendering the patients euthyroid, routine screening and care are essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between continuity of care (COC) and type 2 diabetes onset among patients with thyroid disorders.We used the national claim data. Our study population was 4099 patients with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. For calculating COC, the Most Frequent Provider Continuity Index (MFPCI), Modified Modified Continuity Index (MMCI), and COC Index (COCI) were used. The dependent variable was type 2 diabetes onset. The Cox proportional hazard regression model was used.Among 4099 patients with thyroid disorders, 25.3% experienced onset of type 2 diabetes. Thyroid patients who had MFPCI and COCI below the median were more likely to experience onset of type 2 diabetes than who had these indices above the median (MFPCI: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-1.46; COCI: HR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06-1.41). Our subgroup analysis showed that female patients and those 20 to 34 years of age showed a significant association between COC and onset of type 2 diabetes.Patients with thyroid disorders with low COC showed an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Therefore, efforts to enhance COC among patients with thyroid disorders needs to be encouraged.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/terapia , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Hipotireoidismo/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Environ Health Perspect ; 127(11): 117007, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that higher ambient temperature may play a role in increasing the risk of suicide. However, no multi-country study has explored the shape of the association and the role of moderate and extreme heat across different locations. OBJECTIVES: We examined the short-term temperature-suicide relationship using daily time-series data collected for 341 locations in 12 countries for periods ranging from 4 to 40 y. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage meta-analysis. First, we performed location-specific time-stratified case-crossover analyses to examine the temperature-suicide association for each location. Then, we used a multivariate meta-regression to combine the location-specific lag-cumulative nonlinear associations across all locations and by country. RESULTS: A total of 1,320,148 suicides were included in this study. Higher ambient temperature was associated with an increased risk of suicide in general, and we observed a nonlinear association (inverted J-shaped curve) with the highest risk at 27°C. The relative risk (RR) for the highest risk was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.30, 1.36) compared with the risk at the first percentile. Country-specific results showed that the nonlinear associations were more obvious in northeast Asia (Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan). The temperature with the highest risk of suicide ranged from the 87th to 88th percentiles in the northeast Asian countries, whereas this value was the 99th percentile in Western countries (Canada, Spain, Switzerland, the UK, and the United States) and South Africa, where nearly linear associations were estimated. The country-specific RRs ranged from 1.31 (95% CI: 1.19, 1.44) in the United States to 1.65 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.93) in Taiwan, excluding countries where the results were substantially uncertain. DISCUSSION: Our findings showed that the risk of suicide increased with increasing ambient temperature in many countries, but to varying extents and not necessarily linearly. This temperature-suicide association should be interpreted cautiously, and further evidence of the relationship and modifying factors is needed. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP4898.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Filipinas/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Risco , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Suíça/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vietnã/epidemiologia
11.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(4): 397-404, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The suicide rate of the youth in South Korea has been increasing, and suicide of the youth still has been the most common cause of death since 2007. We aimed to determine the trends and the regional risk factors of youth suicide in South Korea from 2001 to 2010. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used the data from the National Statistical Office to calculate the standardized suicide rates and various regional data including population census, employment, and labor. To calculate the effect of individual risk factors, we used the data from the fourth Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-VI). Conditional autoregressive model for regional standardized mortality ratio (SMR) using inter-regional spatial information was fitted. RESULTS: Suicide rates of adolescents aged 12 to 18 was from 3.5 per 100,000 people in 2001 and 5.3 per 100,000 in 2010. There were no significant gender difference in suicide rates, however, the number of suicides among adolescents aged 15-18 accounted for four times than those of adolescents ages 12-14. High proportion of late adolescents, higher number of recipients of national basic livelihood, and higher number of adolescents who treated with depression were related to elevated suicide rate of adolescent. Total sleep time of adolescents and regional unemployment rate were negatively associated with the suicide risk of respective regions. CONCLUSIONS: Age distribution, economic status, total sleep time, and the number of adolescent patients with depression were different between those in low and in high adolescent suicidal regions in Korea. Our findings suggest that preferential appliance of adolescent suicide prevention program for regions by considering those factors may be important steps to reduce adolescent suicide in Korea.


Assuntos
Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Ideação Suicida
12.
Epidemiol Health ; 41: e2019038, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715685

RESUMO

The 2019 hepatitis A outbreak has become increasingly prevalent among adults in Korea and is the largest outbreak since that in 2009-2010. The incidence in the current outbreak is highest among adults aged 35-44 years, corresponding to the peak incidence among those aged 25-34 years 10 years ago. This may indicate a cohort effect in the corresponding age group. Causes of these repeated outbreaks of hepatitis A in Korea are low level of immunity among adults, Korean food culture that consumes raw seafood such as salted clam and inadequate public health system. Among countermeasures, along with general infectious disease control measures including control of the infectious agent, infection spread, and host, urgent actions are needed to review the vaccination policy and establish an adequate public health system.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Hepatite A/epidemiologia , Hepatite A/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Política de Saúde , Vacinas contra Hepatite A/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Saúde Pública , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17641, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702615

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the proportion of lymphoid neoplasm subtypes in South Korea. A total of 8615 cases of lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed in 1997-2016 at Samsung Medical Center in South Korea were classified according to the 2008 World Health Organization system. The total number and proportion of lymphoid neoplasms were compared between these two decades, with data from nationwide studies, and with other countries. To evaluate changes in the proportion of subtypes, crude rate of each subtype per 100 lymphoma patients during each decade and age adjusted rate were calculated. There were 3024 patients with lymphoid neoplasm in 1997-2006, and 5591 in 2007-2016, which represents an average increase of 1.85 times over the 20-year study period. Crude rate and age adjusted rate were increased in Hodgkin's lymphoma and mature B cell lymphoma while precursor lymphoid neoplasms and mature T cell lymphoma were decreased. Among B cell neoplasms, age adjusted rate of plasma cell neoplasm, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma increased while there was no significant change in extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. The increase in follicular lymphoma was due to the increases in nodal follicular lymphoma of low grade and duodenal-type follicular lymphoma. These results are consistent with the dynamics of causative factors, including socioeconomic factors, in Korea.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células T/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17869, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702652

RESUMO

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are important pathogens in humans, and hospital-based studies have shown an increased incidence of NTM infection. However, little is known about the treatment pattern of NTM infection with respect to the number of cases per population in South Korea. This study evaluated the trends in the incidence of NTM infection, respiratory comorbidities, and treatment patterns in South Korea.National claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service database for the years 2009 to 2015 were reviewed, and codes related to NTM infection, respiratory comorbidities occurring from one year before NTM infection and associated treatments were identified.In total, 52,551 patients were included in the study and the average annual incidence per 100,000 person-years was 12.8. The annual incidence was found to have increased from 6.6 to 26.6 per 100,000 persons. Accompanied comorbidities were tuberculosis (33.7%), followed by bronchial asthma (33.2%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (25.6%), and lung cancer (5.8%). A total of 76.6% of patients did not receive any combination treatment within one year after the diagnosis of NTM infection. Macrolide-based treatment was administered to 18.8% of patients.A dramatic increase in the incidence of NTM infection was noted in the population of South Korea. Approximately three-fourth of the patients with NTM infection were clinically observed without treatment for at least 1 year after the identification of NTM infection and most patients who treated NTM infection received macrolide-based combination therapy.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/epidemiologia , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/terapia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17881, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702660

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the prognostic difference between AUTOPULSE and LUCAS for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) adult patients.A retrospective observational study was performed nationwide. Adult OHCA patients after receiving in-hospital mechanical chest compression from 2012 to 2016 were included. The primary outcomes were sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) of more than 20 minutes and survival to discharge.Among 142,906 OHCA patients, 820 patients were finally included. In multivariate analysis, female (OR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.33-0.99), witnessed arrest (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.20-3.69), and arrest cause of non-cardiac origin (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.10-0.62) were significantly associated with the increase in ROSC. LUCAS showed a lower survival than AUTOPULSE (OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.06-0.84), although it showed no significant association with ROSC. Percutaneous coronary intervention (OR, 6.30; 95% CI, 1.53-25.95) and target temperature management (TTM; OR, 7.30; 95% CI, 2.27-23.49) were the independent factors for survival. We categorized mechanical CPR recipients by witness to compare prognostic effectiveness of AUTOPULSE and LUCAS. In the witnessed subgroup, female (OR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.24-0.89) was a prognostic factor for ROSC and shockable rhythm (OR, 5.04; 95% CI, 1.00-25.30), percutaneous coronary intervention (OR, 12.42; 95% CI, 2.04-75.53), and TTM (OR, 9.03; 95% CI, 1.86-43.78) for survival. In the unwitnessed subgroup, no prognostic factors were found for ROSC, and TTM (OR, 99.00; 95% CI, 8.9-1100.62) was found to be an independent factor for survival. LUCAS showed no significant increase in ROSC or survival in comparison with AUTOPULSE in both subgroups.The in-hospital use of LUCAS may have a deleterious effect for survival compared with AUTOPULSE.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Massagem Cardíaca/instrumentação , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Massagem Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 291-299, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616149

RESUMO

Background: A significant discovery was recently made in which participation in physical activity and sedentary behavior, two contrasting lifestyles, was found to be related to the frequency of hyperuricemia diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between sedentary behavior and physical activity levels in South Korean men and women diagnosed with hyperuricemia. Methods: This study included 161,064 healthy men and women participants who had obtained a complete health examination. Physical activity levels and sitting time were assessed by the validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form Korean version. The presence of hyperuricemia in the subjects was determined by measuring serum uric acid (SUA) concentration (SUA ≥6 mg/dL [male], SUA ≥7 mg/dL [female]). Logistic regression analysis, adjusting other confounding factors, was conducted to identify the association of sedentary behavior and physical activity levels with hyperuricemia (p<0.05). Results: Subjects who spent ≥10 hr/day in sedentary behavior were more likely to have hyperuricemia than those who spent <5 hour/day in sedentary behavior (OR=1.08, 95% CI=1.03-1.12). The subject group that more frequently participated in health enhanced physical activity (HEPA) had a lower hyperuricemia odds ratio than the subject group with lower physical activity participation rate (OR=0.90, 95% Ci=0.86-0.93). From the analysis of sex (male, female), age (young, middle, older), methods of measuring obesity (body mass index, waist circumference, body fat percentage), the association of sedentary behavior and physical activity levels with hyperuricemia was shown differently in different multivariable models. Conclusion: Participation in regular physical activity and reduced sedentary time is highly recommended in order to reduce the prevalence of hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Exercício , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hiperuricemia/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sedentário , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1339, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between spontaneous abortion (SA) and occupational characteristics among working women is not well-studied. This study aimed to assess the risk of SA and occupational factors such as occupational classification, working hours, and work schedules among working Korean women aged > 19 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 4078 working women were identified from among 25,534 workers in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys V (2010-2012) database, to obtain data on SA history and the number of SAs. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for SA were calculated using multiple logistic regression models after adjusting for age, education, household income, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity status. The weighted prevalence for the number of SAs was calculated according to occupational characteristics to demonstrate the SA status among working Korean women. RESULTS: SA occurrence was reported in 5.7% of the study participants. The ORs (95% CIs) for SA were significantly higher in pink-, green-, and blue-collared workers than in white-collared workers. Regarding weekly working hours, compared with ≤50 h spent working, the ORs (95% CIs) for 51-60, 61-70, and > 70 h per week were 1.26 (0.87-1.84), 1.63 (1.04-2.56), and 1.73 (1.10-2.70), respectively. A significantly higher weighted prevalence of repeat SAs was observed in pink- and green-collared workers and in those who worked long hours. CONCLUSION: We found a significant association between SA, repeat SA, and occupational characteristics among working Korean women.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Gravidez , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1328, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) and drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) are the major diseases of parkinsonism. To better understand parkinsonism, we aimed to assess the prevalence and incidence of PD and DIP in Korea from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: We used the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database, which covers the entire population in Korea. We used claims during 2011-2015 to assess epidemiology of PD and DIP during 2012-2015. Retrospective cross-sectional study design was employed to assess prevalence, whereas retrospective cohort study design was used to determine incidence. Patients with at least one claim with ICD-10 G20 and who received antiparkinsonian drugs for at least 60 days were classified as having PD. We excluded patients with antiparkinsonian drugs that can be used for indications other than PD. Patients with at least one claim with ICD-10 G211 or G251 during the prescription period of drugs that are frequently related with DIP were classified as having DIP. Incident cases had a disease-free period of 1 year before diagnosis. To evaluate the significance of changes in the prevalence or incidence over time, Poisson regression was used to determine p for trend. RESULTS: The prevalence of PD increased from 156.9 per 100,000 persons in 2012 to 181.3 per 100,000 persons in 2015 (p for trend< 0.0001). The incidence of PD decreased steadily from 35.4 per 100,000 person-years in 2012 to 33.3 per 100,000 person-years in 2015 (p for trend< 0.0001). The prevalence of DIP increased from 7.3 per 100,000 persons in 2012 to 15.4 per 100,000 persons in 2015 (p for trend< 0.0001) and the incidence of DIP increased from 7.1 per 100,000 person-years in 2012 to 13.9 per 100,000 person-years in 2015 (p for trend< 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the incidence of PD has gradually decreased whereas, the incidence of DIP increased from 2012 to 2015. Further studies are warranted to examine possible causes of increased DIP incidence in order to develop management strategy for parkinsonism.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/epidemiologia , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17699, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651901

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to verify the usefulness of machine learning (ML) for selection of risk factors and development of predictive models for patients with sarcopenia.We collected medical records from Korean postmenopausal women based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. A training data set compiled from simple survey data was used to construct models based on popular ML algorithms (e.g., support vector machine, random forest [RF], and logistic regression).A total of 4020 patients ≥65 years of age were enrolled in this study. The study population consisted of 1698 (42.2%) male and 2322 (57.8%) female patients. The 10 most important risk factors in men were body mass index (BMI), red blood cell (RBC) count, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), vitamin D, ferritin, fiber intake (g/d), primary diastolic blood pressure, white blood cell (WBC) count, fat intake (g/d), age, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, niacin intake (mg/d), protein intake (g/d), fasting blood sugar, and water intake (g/d). The 10 most important risk factors in women were BMI, water intake (g/d), WBC, RBC count, iron intake (mg/d), BUN, high-density lipoprotein, protein intake (g/d), fiber consumption (g/d), vitamin C intake (mg/d), parathyroid hormone, niacin intake (mg/d), carotene intake (µg/d), potassium intake (mg/d), calcium intake (mg/d), sodium intake (mg/d), retinol intake (µg/d), and age. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis found that the area under the ROC curve for each ML model was not significantly different within a gender.The most cost-effective method in clinical practice is to make feature selection using RF models and expert knowledge and to make disease prediction using verification by several ML models. However, the developed prediction model should be validated using additional studies.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Pós-Menopausa , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1374, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been a gender difference in adolescents' lifetime smoking prevalence trends over the last 10 years. This study aimed to explain the gender differential secular trend in adolescents' lifetime smoking prevalence using age-period-cohort (APC) analysis and suggests possible causes for this trend, including Korean tobacco control policies during the last 10 years. METHODS: We utilized the 2006-2017 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey enrolling grades 7 to 12. Using year of survey and year of entry into middle school, we classified 859,814 students who had ever smoked into 6 age groups, 12 periods, and 17 school admission cohorts. Using APC analysis with the intrinsic estimator method, the effects of age, period, and school admission cohort on lifetime smoking prevalence were analyzed according to gender. RESULTS: Overall, there was a similar tendency of all the three effects on lifetime smoking prevalence between genders: an increasing age effect with grade, negative period effect with survey period, and similar pattern of school admission cohort groups. However, compared to boys, girls experienced reduction in the increasing age effect in the 12th grade, consistent and steeper decreasing trend in the period effect from 2006 to 2016, and shorter and lower school admission cohort effect. CONCLUSIONS: Gender differential response to chronological changes in lifetime smoking prevalence was measured by the APC effect, which affected the gender differential secular trend in lifetime smoking prevalence. Therefore, considering the APC effect could help us understand the trend in smoking rates, as well as the contextual factors that affect it.


Assuntos
Fumar/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo
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